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TEE BABY ACB0S3 THE WAT.
BT JEFPEE PORBD8H HASiTOBD.
There's a dear little baby across the way.
A baby with eyes so blue,
And sweet little lips tnat seem to say
To every one, "I love you
But when 1 look at that baby lair
It makes me lonely and sad,
he Those sweet blue eyes and golden hair
r'T Never can make me glad.
For they bring to mv mind the happy days
In the long, sad years that have down,
And I dream of my baby's pretty ways,
And wake to my sorrow alone.
Alone, how the sad word lingers
As 1 glance across the way
And watch those baby fingers,
Happy in innocent play.
For once I'd a dear little baby myself?
That "once" seems so far away?
And mine was a little blue-eyed elf,
Like the one across tbe way.
Oh, fond young mother, soothing to rost
Your dimpled bnb9 upon your breast.
Sing, aud be happy, your lullaby low,
As I suns mine, loug, long ago.
i 3IAD MARRIAGE;
The Heiress of Lawrence
A STORY OF ABSORBING INTEREST.
BY MRS. E. B. COLLINS.
He stood gazing into her triumphant
face with eyes full of murderous
hatred. She faced him in exultant delight,
pale and trembling with triumph,
while over all the room an awful
silence settled down like a pall, broken
f by a stifled groan from Mark's lips.
He fell back, panting brokenly, his
eves wild and horrified, one hand
clutching at his throat as though he
were suffocating. At last, shaking like
a leaf, and with a devilish look upon
his face, he stepped forward and laid
his hand upon her shoulder with a mad
"What does this mean?" he demanded,
hoarsely. "Answer me! What
is the meaning of all this mummery ?
How dare you come here in the place
of Adele? Where is my wife?"
She threw back her head, and laughed
scornfully; a laugh that made his
blood run cold.
"Ha! ha!" she cried, sneeringly; "it
is you who are fooled, duped, deceived,
made a mock of! Where is your wife,
Jou ask, Mark Alleyne ? Look at me!
am your wife, your lawful, wedded
"It is false!"
The words broke from his lips in a
gasp of despair; his eyes burned like
coals of fire; his voice was hoarse and
"It 18 iaise: ne repeated, uieaitiy,
glaring into her face with wild, horrortilled
eves. "False as you are! You
shall suffer for those words. Where
is my wife, I say ? Answer me, you
She moved away with a mocking
gesture, and with a sneering look upon
her face threw open the door of the
sleeping-room. There, upon the bed,
pale and apparently lifeless, lay Adele
St. Cyr. He long golden hair fell
over the snowy pillow; the dark eyes
Bl were closed; the small, white hands
He uttered a maddened cry and
turned fiercely upon the woman at his
"She is d<iad, and you have killed
her!" he parted. "You murderess! As
Heaven hears me, you shall swing for
But she stood there like a rock, that
sneering smile still touching her face,
like an evil shadow.
"You forget," she said, slowly, her
lip curling scornfully, "a husband can
not bear witness against his wife! If
Adele St. Cyr is dead, you cannot?
dare not?accuse me of the crime, and
attempt to have me punished for it.
You are my husband, Mark Alleyne!"
"It is false F he reiterated. "I married
her, Adele St. Cyr Lawrence, and
after the ceremony you killed her! She
is dead?dead?dead; my own, my
He fell upon his knees beside the
bed, and wept and moaned in bitter
The woman who had betrayed him
so cruelly crept to his side and laid
herhand upon his shoulder.
He struck it down witii a swift,
fierce, cruel blow.
She uttered no cry, no word passed
lxer lips; 6he only lifted the hand that
he had struck and held it up to the
light for a moment, and as she gazed
upon the cruel bruise which his hand
had inflicted her lips moved slowly,
softly, as though she was calling down
a silent curse upon this man. Heaven
She crept to hi3 side once more, but
this time she did not touch him.
The low. tense voice sounded unnatural
and far away?like a voice from
"Listen to me. I loved you once!"
He turned away with an impatient
v. "For months I was your slave?your
servant?your tool. You made me
what I am. If I perish upon the gallows,
remember that it was you who
brought me there. I loved yon?curse
you!?and you made me believe that
you loved me. For your sake I have
toiled, sinned, and suffered, relying
upon your oft-bro ken promise to make
Dje your wife.
"Ion made me wnat 1 an., Mars Alloyne,
and now, when I have risked the
gallows for your sake, to gain the protection
of your name?forlove of you?
you turn from me, curse me, strike me
an unmanly blow!
"If I had felt a tinge of pity for you
in my heart; if the love, now dead,
but which once lived and reigned
.there, did sometimes steal back to me
for a moment, all that is past now,
wiped away forever, by that cruel,
"I hate you now, Mark Alleyne, even
as I loved you once. And yet I am your
lawful wife 1 You need cry and whiue
no longer. Adele St. Cyr is not dead!
Ah! I know all her past history?all her
/bad, black, bidden past, as I know ber
,mother's?and?and?yours. Look up,
Mark Alleyne; listen to me. I have
something to say to you!"
She bent her head and whispered a
few words in his ear.
He started, as though he had been
k shot, and an awful look crept over his
r dusky face. He arose slowly to his feet,
trembling in every limb.
-now?where?did you learn that?"
She shook her head, an evil smile
touching her lip.
? _"I will never tell you," she said. "But
t" . A - * ; 'V\' v"l .
tnere is another thing that you might
like to know. It is this: Arthur Wynne
is not dead! When you pushed liim from
the pier into the lake, he was too much
for you, and he saved his own life!
And I know where he is! Do you want
me to turn State's evidence?"
Slowly Mark Alleyne tottered to the
"My God! you are a fiend!" he muttered,
"Oh no! Only a wronged woman?a
scorned woman! And, 'hell bath no
fury like a woman scorned!' But before
you go, I must tell you that your
dear'Adele is still living. I gave her
a liberal dose of laudanum. I did not
fancy having her a witness to our marriage.
"Mrs. Lawrence (ahem! Gabrielle
St. Cyr) is out, and the coast was olear. |
1 ? i
xue woman who usaisicu. mo *u mo
farce is an old and tried friend of mine.
Really, a very slirewd game, and well
carried out, Eh, friend Mark?"
He made no reply. He was standing
like a statue, his face white and wild.
"But, the clergyman called j/ou by
her name!" he panted, hoarsely, after
a time. "He certainly called yon
"To be sure. My name happens to
e Adele Margaret. I suppose I have
a right to the name, if my sponsors
saw fit to give it to me ? Mark Alleyne,
yoii are caught like a rat in a
trap, hedged in on every side, and you
have to deal with a desperate woman!
"I no longer love you! All my love I
is turned to bitter hate, and I intend to
punish you! To make you see the time
when you will curse the hour in which
you were born! There! I hear the
carriage coming up the avenue. The
madam has returned from her visit.
I Shall you, or shall I break the news?
that strange, unexpected news, to your
He made no answer. Still as a
statue he stood there, his dark eye 3
riveted upon her white, triumphant
face. At last his lips opened, and he
"Curse yon! I will be even with
you for this, if it costs me my life!"
I nm 1? 1 J ^ loft.
J. HULL XiU 1/UIiiDU U/?a J auu iCiu WUU
room with eager step, as though the
place had suddenly grown hateful to
him. Left the room and the house
with that same awful light in his eyes,
that evil expression upon his face.
Left Mrs. Mark Alleyne (nee Maggie
Willett) to receive the mistress of
Lawrence Park, to break to her the
sudden, overwhelming news, that she,
Maggie Willett, was Mark Allevne's
And so, all living obstacles had been
removed from Adele's pathway. Arthur
Wynne still lived, so Maggie Willett
had asserted; and nothing must now
separate Adele from the man she loved.
Nothing, except a shadow?the ghost
of the woman whom Arthur Wynne had
never ceased to love, and would love
until he died. Poor little Ruby 1
Adele St. Cyr recovered from her
unconscious state, and from that hour
began slowly but surely to improve.
Perhaps the news of Mark Alleyne's
strange marriage, duly repeated to her
by her mother, might have had something
to do with her recovery. But
she grew gradually better.
One day she received an anonymous
letter?a letter in a strange, cramped
hand, which contained these words:
Miss Laweence: Arthur Wynne is not
dead. Ho still lives, but is keeping out ol
Bight for the present foi1 purposes of his own.
Bo of good cheer: he ts living, and whila
there is life there is hope.
That was all; but it was enough for
the girl's heart to feed upon and nourish
a wild, mad hope;
"He lives!" she panted fiercely, a
bright crimBon suffusing her pale
| sheeks, and her eyes shining like stars.
'He is living, and while there is life
and?hope?I will never give him up.
[ will naver relinquish the hope in my
heart of winning his love some day. I
san wait; his love is worth waiting for."
Her recovery henceforth wa3 rapid.
She had confided everything to her
mother,"and Gabrielle, too, was full of
fc wild hope that Adele would yet sue- |
peed in capturing this man, whom she
Sesired above all others to become her
daughter's husband. And then, if anything
came between them and the
r far hi no. if ftnv unforeseen
chance should wrest it Irom their grasp,
they would have the Wynne fortune to !
fall* back upon.
Adele entered the drawing-room one
morning to find it occupied by Sir
Arthur Stanley. She fell back with a
half uttereil exclamation at sight of \
the man whom, for some inexplicable |
reason, she both feared and hated.
The baronet stood smiling and bowing !
before her; she was forced to advance j
into the room. He took her hand in !
his for a moment.
"I have called, Miss Lawrence," he j
began, "to bid you farewell, as I am
about to start for my native land. I |
wished, also, to be assured of your
forgiveness for having annoyed you
that night of the reception."
She gazed into his pale, cadaverous
face with wide-open, surprised, dark J
"Annoying me, Sir Arthur?" she repeated,
"I?pardon me, my lord?I do not
He checked a smile.
"You will remember my persistent
references to a certain danseuse, Miss
Lawrence!" he returned, quickly. "My
words seemed to vex you! I feel that
my remarks,. and the comparisons
wmcn 1 drew between yoursell and the
dancer, quite uncalled for and in bad
taste. It has troubled me greatly, and
I have come here to sue for pardon. J
Have I vonr forgiveness V"
Still she gazerti into liis face with
wide-open, puzzled eyes.
"I do not recollect any such subject
of conversation, my lord!" she reiterated.
"Let us forget it, then!" he returned.
"I am sure it is my wish to
forget any subject of disagreement between
your beautiful self and your
humble servant! I fear, however,
He came to a halt, the words dying
upon his lips in a gasp of wild surprise.
She stood before him, pale and trembling,
her eyes full of a _strange light,
as ttiougn she was reading the very secrets
of his soul.
Perhaps that letter?that anonymous
letter which she had received?might
have had something to do with the
strange, bold act which suddenly followed.
But a veil seemed all at once lifted
from her eyes; and she knew?knew
that the man before her was an impostor;
and no more an English lord than
'ill : ' '
Strange as ,it may appear, a suspi- I
cion that she knew all, suddenly staggered
into the p3eudo baronet's mind.
He arose to his feet, and turned
toward the door.
"I will see you again before I leave,
Miss Lawrence," he was beginning.
But she was at his side in an instant,
her hand upon his arm, her face pale
with excitement, her eyes glittering
"Stop!" she panted, bleakly. "You
are no more Sir Arthur Stanley, of Sussex,
England?no. more an English
lord than I am! Would you like me
to tell you your name ?"
He wheeled about and confronted
She lifted her eyes to his face once
with that strange look, as though she
could read his thoughts.
"You are Arthur Wynne!" she said,
Blowly. "You thought to deceive me
for your own purposes, but you have
She lifted her hand with a swift
gesture, and tore the fiery red wig
from his head; then she seized the
eye-glass, and tossed it upon the table
She had been too long an actfess,
accustomed to disguises and transforj
mation scenes, to be easily deceived by
- f/in nort rovar Tesaptlfanrniao VATirHPl f
so that I shall not recognize you," she
went on, slowly, "because," her voice
sank to a trembling whisper, "because
I love you wath my whole heart and
strength! I have staked my life upon
the hope of winning your love; and I
will die sooner than relinquish that
hope! Arthur! Arthur!"
She clasped her small hands in piteous
appeal, her eyes fixed upon his faca
with deathless love in their luminous
depths?"tell me?am I hateful to you ?
Can you never return this mad, wild
love that I?unhappy creature that I
am?have lavished upon you ?"
He turned and took her hand in his
Dwn; in his eyes there shone a strange,
deep, intense look.
"Listen, Adele," he murmured.
[TO BE CONTINUED.]
The Imperial University of Tokio h?
138 professors and teachers, all but sixteen
being Japanese. This year's students
Two new minor planets were recently
discovered, the one, No. 285, by Hen
Palisa at Vienna, the other, No. 286, by
M. Charlois at Nice.
The United States is supplying electrical
machinery to Japan in large quanti
I ties. The light is growing in popularity
throughout the Empire.
An Austrian railway official has invented
a portable telephone for speaking
from a railway train at any point stopping
to the nearest station. ,
Dr. George Is'asez, chief botanist ol
the National Department of Agriculture,
is making a collection of California plants
for the Washington Herbbarium.
Experiments have demonstrated the
practicability of handling large masses ol
iron in rolling mills by means of electro
magnets suspended from hydraulic
Excellent results are reported from the
most recent experiments with the Italian
smokeless powder, which enables the
men to hit the target twice as often as
with ordinary powder.
The total value of the mineral production
of the United States in the yeai
1886, as near as can be ascertained, was
more than $460,000,000, the largest
smnmint. vpfc rnrnrrlerl in :mv ronntrv.
The manufacture of terra-cotta lumber
seems likely to become a really important
industry, factories having already been
established in Europe, Canada and Australia,
in addition to the considerable
number in the United States. .
The antiseptic properties of saccharine
make it an effective wash for the mouth
and teeth when dissolved in water, according
to a French writer. A six per
cent, solution is used, but a strength of
only one in 500 is said to prevent fermentation
or spoiling of mucilage, etc.
Three years hence the planet Mars will
be nearer to the earth than it has been for
515 years (A. D. 1377). Astrologers and
lovers of the marvelous will be disappointed
to hear that nothing of importance
took place when Mars came a few
million miles nearer us thpn is his wont.
According to a recent writer, there
need be no anxiety as to the failure of
sources of energy when the supplies of
coal give out. Roughly speaking, he
says, either a lump of hard coal weighing
two and one-half pounds, or 453 gallons
of water which can be made to fall ten
feet, will produce commercially ono
torse power of work.
Professor Kedzie emphatically points
out the danger of leaving on the old
paper when repapering a room. No
room with such wall accumulations of
naste and uaDer can remain in a erood
sanitary condition, and disease germs are
likely to be developed. His advice is:
"Peel your walls of old paper before applying
"Among the various uses of celluloid,"
says a London exchange, "it would appear
to be a suitable sheathing for ships,
in place of copper. In experiments by
M. Butaine, plates of celluloid applied to
various vessels in January last were removed
five or six months after, and
found intact and free from marine
vegetation, which was abundant on parts
A process of engraving on glass and
crystal by electricity has been communicated
to the French Academy of Science
by M. Plante. The plate to be engraved
is covered with a concentrated solution
of nitrate of potash and put in connection
with one of the poles of the battery,
and the design is traced out with a fine
platinum point connected to the other
i nolo. The results are said to be of
"Volt" means the inducing caused by
on electrical current, bearing the same relation
to electricity that "pounds pressure
per inch" do to steam or "head" does to
water. One cell of gravity or Daniell's
battery gives about 1.07 volt potential.
"Ohm"' is the unit of resistance offered
by a wire or other conductor to the
passage of an electric current; one
thousand feet No. 10 pure copper wire
represent a little over one ohm.
"They must never hear of it in New
York. They would never stop laughing
at me." This is what Edison said
when he heard that he had been made
a count. No doubt his countrymen
will pardon him. He couldn't help it.
The honor was thrust upon him.
THE MEN WHO COIN UNCLE SAM'S
GOLD AND SILVER.
A Visit to the Largest Mint in the
World?The Processes of Turning- J
Gold and Silver Into Coin
-How It Is Milled.
The handsome structure at Fifth and
Mission streets in which Uncle Sam's current
coins are turned out, in co-operation
with the establishments at New Orleans
and Philadelphia, has attracted renewed
inierest since the appointment of !
General Dimond as Superintendent inaugurated
a new regime by which a
number of patriotic San Franciscans hope
to be furnished with an office at the earliest
possible date. To these and to the
public generally it will be a matter of
profit and useful information to repair to
the mint about y :3U a. m. tuc waiting- j
room is by this time pretty well filled and '
the early visitors have fully satisfied their
curiosity in regard to the collection of
coins and metals belonging to the State
of California pioneers, and formerly
known as Dr. Spiers's collection. Among
the contents of the cases is a complete
set of United States dollars', fiftytwo
in number, one for every year in
which they were coined.
the san francisco mint.
The conductor having satisfied himself
that he has as large ^ party as he can
conveniently take in chargc, gives the'
signal and descends to the basement with
the preliminary remark for lie visitor:
"You are now in the largest mint in the
world." There is a heavy sound of rol-'
line wheels as the engine-room is en
tered. The motive power for the im-i I
mense wheels and machinery is furnished I
by two engines, one ' for the coining-1
presses, the other for the rollers. There* j
is also a smaller engine for general pur- |
poses, which is constantly working. After
a brief glance at the fires and huge
boilers, the visitors pass on to the deposit; i
and melting room. In this departmentj i
the uncoined gold brought by private- '
holders in taken in and receipted for.1 !
Each deposit is melted separately and on'!
the following day the value in coin is paid'
by the Treasurer.
CASTING GOLD INGOTS.
Gold requires a tolerably intense heat
for fusion, though not nearly so great as
in the case of iron or steel. Yet the visitor
is able to convince himself by a passing
glance at the crucible* in the furnace
that the temperature approaches u white
heat. When perfectly fluid the metal is
run into steel molds, whence it comes
forth as bars or ingots. A fragment of
each ingot is removed and sent to the assaying
department, where the percentage
of pure gold is determined by cupellation.
The value of each ingot is about
$1700, and it should be mentioned that
ten per cent, of copper alloy enters into
the composition of both silvti and gold
ingots that are to be used for currency.
The ingots are taken to the rolling mill,
where they are repeatedly put ;hrough
steel rollers until the original short bar
becomes a long strip of the width of the
desired coin, and by reason of the rolling
assumes a very dense, hard and brittle
condition. During these operations the
visitor's attention is drawn very strongly
MILLING THE PLANCHETS.
to the fact that he is walking on a flooring
consisting of movable iron gratings
about eicrht inches square. Inquiry lends
to the explanation that with all precautions
to prevent waste, such as greasing
the gold with beeswax and the silver with
tallow, a considerable amount of dust is
carried about the operating-room and a
periodical sweeping is resorted to with
surnrisioer results. The guide intimates
in a matter-of-fact way that the sweepings
of the Mint are worth from $30 to
$40 a clay, and that in carpeted rooms
enough gold dust is entangled in the
fibres of the old carpet to more than pay
for a new one. The sweepings contain
of course silver and copper as well as
gold, the copper by cupcllation and the
silver by the action of the nitric acic, in
which gold is insoluble. The nitrate of
silver is subsequently converted into
chloride by the action of common salt
and the chloride into pure silver by an
easy chemical process.
After the bars have been annealed to
get rid of the hardness and brittleness,
the strips of gold with their coatiug of
beeswax are passed through the cutting
machine and then ' punched into blank
coins or "planchcts," which exactly resemble
the future coin without the design
and the milling at the edges. The
strips, after the blanks have been punched
out at the rate of 180 a minute, are sent
I back to be remeltecl into ingots. The
sight of these bars never fails to make the
visitor's eyes flash with cupidity.
The next operation is the washing of
the plaachets in hot water and soap to get
rid of the beeswax, after which they are
sent to the adjusting-room to be weighed.
Each b^ank or planchet is passed upon
most carefully in this particuliar; if too
heavy it is filed down to standard weight,
if too light it is remelted and recoined.
When the machines are in active operation
gold coin can be turned out at the
rate of $450,000 an hour. The milling
of the coins is effected by raising an edge
on them, with a suitable machine, for the
purpose of protecting the face of the coin,
for in a well-worn specimen it will be
noticed that the milling disappears first,
and when this has happened the inscription,
effigy and date quickly follow suit.
When the milling has been completed,,
the blanks go through another annealing
process to soften them for the final impression
which is to convert them into
Uncle Ham's currency. The stamping is;
an operation requiring a pressure equai to.
150 tons on every part of the blanks, andj
CLEANING THE FLANCHETS. j
it is not surprising to find that when the,
latter are fed into the presses and
clasped by the upper and lower die, they
rcceive a minutely exact impression,:
while a toothed collar clasping them atf
the same moment, produces the reeded
edge. After being once more individually
weighed the coins are piled up
in trays by an ingenious method which
does the work almost automatically. The1
workman plunges his arm into the heap
of coins, gives the tray a shake, and
"hey, presto!" in less than a minute the
bright gold "twenties" are neatly piled
**_ -i <
away in rows, reaay ior circulation.
By this time the party is on the way(
out, and the conductor begins to count
noses in the visitors' waiting-room, to'
see if the arrivals are numerous enough to
form a new party. The survey thus described
and concluded is that which falls
to the lot of the routine visitor, but it
cannot be said to be in any sense a complete
inspection of the multifarious operations
in progress at the Mint. Presumably
the complete elucidation of the
processes would merely weary the average)
curiosity seeker, besides consuming so
much time that but one batch of visitors
could be taken through in the brief two
hours and a half allowed for daily inspection
by the outside world.
Among the departments not usually
shown is that devoted to refining. California
gold contains from three to twelve
per cent, of silver, and this has to be separated.
For this purpose the crude product
is melted, more silver is added so as
to enable acid to act on the alloy, and the
metal is "granulated" by being poured
into cold water while still in a fluid state.
The effect of this granulation is to convert
the metal into a condition resemAH
*Miminn.ofAno QO a
uilli^ J/UpisVJ&U vi j/uuiivv -^vv/uv5 MW ???. ?.
large surface is exposed to the action of
ROLLING THE BARS.
the acid. After being boiled for some
hours in porcelain pots the silver and
baser metals are taken up by the acid,
while the gold remains as a dark powder
at the bottom of the vessels. It is collected
and taken to the melting-room,
while the silver is easily recovered from
the acid solution.
The gold having been tested for purity
in the assaying room, is melted with sufficient
copper to reduce the standard
from 1000 to 903, the precise standard
of ten per cent, being obtiined by a subsequent
addition of copper, according to
the proportion indicated by the assay.
There are usually from thirty-six to forty
ingots of gold, weighing sixty ounces
each, in one melt.
A question which hovers on the lips of
every visitor to the Mint, but which is,
for obvious reasons of courtesy and propriety,
rarely asked, is this: Where so
valuable a substance as gold is freely
handled by so many persons, how is it
possible to prevent peculation and loss?
The answer is found in the fact that
gold is so heavy a metal that it is easy
to keep a check or tallv on all who
handle it by the simple expedient of
weighing, as it passes from hand to hand
and from department to department.
Gold is nineteen times heavier than water.
No other metal, except platinum, could
be used affectively as a substitute or imitation
for it; and it so happens that platinum
is itself very scarce, very valuable,
and from its extremely high melting point,
altogether useless for the purpose of
fraudulent substitution of alloys for gold.
The weight test is therefore an effectual
check, and as each employe is interested
in conserving his own reputation for in4.?v.
...innnf-ifinrtl to overlook anv
shortcomings on the part of the gold received
from his neighbor. Whenever a
bar or oilier portion of uncoined gold
passes from one department to another it
is cheeked and receipted for. Thus after
the annealing process is completed the
ingots or bars are delivered to the melter
and refiner, and in turn to the treasurer,
who weighs them accurately and then
delivers them to the coiner. Ingots thus
delivered for $20 pieces are about twelve
inches long, one and seven-sixteenths
wide, and nearly half an inch thick.
The work of adjusting the planehets
is done by females, each of whom sits in
front of a little pair of scales and weighs
every planchet without fear or favor. In
consequence of the great specific gravity
of geld, a difference altogether inappre
ciable to the eye is readily detected by.
the scales, and, as before explained, in
those planchets which are too heavy, the
superfluous gold is filed off, while the light
ones are set aside to be remelted. Not only
is a careful tally kept of everything which
passes through the hands of the "scalesladies,"
but there is a periodical housecleaning,
in the course of which the carpets
and the gloves worn by the operators
are burned to ashes for the sake of the
precious dust which clings to them.?
San Francisco Chronicle. ^
The Use and Abnse of Eyeglasses.
" The tendency in eyegksses at present
is toward the use of a ridiculously
large lens by people with small faces,"
said a New York optician to a Star
reporter the other day. "For a long
time the sizes of lenses for eyeglasses
have been increasing until now it is at
its height. People do not seem to understand
that for one style of a face a
large glass is becoming, and for a small
face and small eyes the proper proportions
should be observed."
" Do people now want better glasses
than they called for a few years ago?"
"No ; the general trade wants something
cheap, with the idea that a glass is
A Vatt Wtti n/lln ah Potontnoa
XX iiCll OIT1UUAV vu J. awii?vua?
Numerous owners of patents are opening
their eyes to the fact that they are th?
victims of a gang of swindlers who are
operating in a very systematic manner.
It seems that in various localities, and
notably on the Pacific Coast, there are
certain so-called patent agents who are
making a good living out of patentees
without rendering any service. One of
these agents will write to a patentee at a
distance and ask if he is willing to sell
his interest in his patent, and at what
price. Generally a reply is sent fixing
the price. Then the agent writes
that he hgs found a purchaser, but that
the title must first be investigated, and
from twenty to fifty dollars is demanded
for the expenses of such investigation.
The owner of the patent is in a hurry to
sell, and he, therefore, sends on the required
After that the patent agent is never
heard from again. Letters to him are
returned through the dead letter office,
showing that the swindler uses a new
name in each ease. This game has been
played so often of late that patentees,
should make it a point to deal with none
but reputable and well known patent
agents. Especially should a man in the
Atlantic States exercise great caution
when a stranger on the Pacific Coast
makes him a proposition, and asks for a
fee in advance.?Atlanta Constitution.
Tlie Evolution of the Pitcher.
fruit tinming Ont of the Kucss.
A hardy apple tree, loaded with ripe,
luscious fruit, growing from the crevices
of a rock, was a curiosity which attracted
the attention of visitors to Fairmount
Park, Philadelphia, the past summer.
The tree, which is very large, shoots up
from the crevice of the rocks blasted to
form the pool for the pumping at the
Fairmount Water Works.
The apples on the tree were the beautiful
rosy-cheeked, yellow variety, and
from their quality and size it would appear
that there was some rich source of
sustenance, though none was visible from
any point of view, the roots being plainly
seen clinging to the rocky walls, shooting
in one crevice and out of another. Hundreds
of small boys tried, day after day,
to procure specimens of the fruit, but the
isolated position of the tree saved it from
Kin; of the Dressmakers.
The greatest of dressmakers is Charlas
Frederick Worth, an Englishman by
birth, but his fame was made in Paris
during the second empire. He w&s born
at Bourne, Lincolnshire, and his parents
apprenticed him to a printer. "Worth
disliked the business exceedingly and
seven months after entering it abandoned
the printing office and went to London.
He had secured employment in a dry
goods store, where he remained six years.
CHARLES FREDERICK WORTH.
While there he conceived the idea of becoming
a dressmaker, and thought of
Paris as the most eligible place in which
to follow out his inclination. He had
learned the French language before going
to Paris, where, when he was about
twenty-two years old, he found employment.
After a few years he and a partner
began business* for themselves. The
partnership continued until 1870, in
which year Worth became the sole name
of the establishment. Worth had received
medals for designs at the exhibitions
of London and Paris before he was
so fortunate as to make dresses for the
Empress Eugenie. This was the beginning
of an illustrious reputation which is
P0II7 a ad the Hen.
Our next neighbor, -writes a correi
spondfent, owned an amusing parroj
which was always getting into mischief!
but usually got out again without mucH
trouble to herself. When she had donj
anything for which she knew she ought
to be punished, she would hold her heatj
to one side, and eying her mistress^
protest in a sing-song tone: "Polly is i ;
good girl," until she saw her mistresi i
Bmile; then she would flap her wings and
cry out in exultation: "Hurrah! Polly ii
a good girl!" She was allowed to gcj
free, and usually took her exercise in the
garden, where she promenaded back and ; ^
forth on the walks, sunning herself, ana m
warning on au intruders.
One morning a hen strayed out of thtf
chicken-yard, and was quietly picking uj?
its breakfast, when Poll inarched up to
her, and called out "Shoo!"in her shrill
voice, emphasizing the command with arf
smart pick of her sharp beak on tha'
chicken's head. The poor hen re treated :
to her own quarters, running as fast as.;:
she could, followed by Poll, who
screamed "Shoo!" at every step.
The hen had her revenge a few day?
later, when Poll exteoded her morning
walk into the chicken yard. Here, with
her usual curiosity, she went peering
into every corner, till she came to the old
hen upon her nest. The hen made pf
dive for Poll's yellow head, but missediti Poll,
thinking discretion the better part
of valor, turned to run, the hen, with
her wing3 wide-spread, following clojie
As she ran, Poll screamed in hex; ;
shrillest tones, "O Lord! OLord!" y> 1
A member of the family, who had witnessed
the whole performance, thought j
it time to interfere Li Poll's behalf, a*
the angry hen was gaining on her. He
ran out, and stooping down held out his '
hand. Poll lost no time in traveling tqi
up to his shoulder. Then, from her
high vantage-ground, she turned hei
head to one side, and, looking down op
her foe, screamed: "Hello there!
Th' frightened hen acknowledged defeat
by returning to her nest as rapidly as
she had come.
The Brass Buttons of Army Officers]
When people talk about the " flurry
of brass buttons " they often do so in
ignorance of the importance that at*
taches itself to these useful, if orna-i
mental, articles. In the army, particu^
larly, the button is as essential and disi
tinguishing a part of the uniform as the
shoulder-strap, the stripe or the era!
broidery on the coat sleeve. Not only it
it true that each branch of the servici
has its peculiar button, but it is also true
that the arrangement of these button! '
indicates the rank of the wearer. Indeed,
the army regulations are very exact on
this head, and it is part of every man'i
duty to learn what such and such axf
According to article 86 of the armj *
regulations at present in force, the v
General must wear two rows of button!
on the breast of his frock coat, twelve in
each row, placed by fours. More than
this the distance between each row musf
be just so, that is five and one hali!
inch at the top and three and one-hall/
inches at the bottom.
Coining down a grade the Lieutenant-;
General can only wear ten buttons ini
sach row, the upper and the lower arranged
by groups of threes .and thflj
xiiddle groups by fours: The Major-j
General only reaches the dignity of nine!
suttons in each row placed by threes, ij *5?
Brigadier-General has but eight buttons]
b each row on his breast, these being;'
let out in groups of twos. The Colonel,!
Lieutenant-Colonel and Major wear nifie
iuttons in each row, but they are
placed at equal distances apart and arej
lot grouped. The Captain, First and!
Second Lieutenants wear seven buttons in!
ach row, sewed on at equal distances.
The non-commissioned officers all wear a
ringle low of seven buttons set at equal .v
instances.?San Francisco Oh-onide.
An Odd Genius.
Professor F. V. Hayden was the
founder of the system which developed! M
into the geological survey of the United ^
States. He was a man great of genius and
i renowned scholar, but, according to'
the Pittsburg Dispatch, erratic and peculiar.
It was not uncommon for strangers %
to follow him for several blocks, their
attention arrested by his bowed figure as
he almost ran for a few steps?then suddenly
stopped, with his gray, sharp eyes
Gxed on the pavement?then ran again as
if a sudden thought had struck him;!
then they would inquire, "Who can that
poor insane man be?"
While Professor Hayden was exploring
the land of the Sioux Indians some
years ago, he once, in his enthusiastic:
passion for geological research, wandered
away from his party; he had loaded himself
down with large specimens of mineral,
and was tramping slowly along in his
absent-minded way the Indians captured!
him. They whooped and yelled at theiri
prize at first, but upon seeing all thej
"rocks and worthless stones" which the
poor man waf staggering under, and his ?
cojaposed, abstracted manner, they de-j
<tfded that he was "afflicted with a foolish
mind." They took him without proj
test on his part, which only confirmed
their fears; and after a few hours' captiv-1
lty the old scientist with "ms rocKS'waa
led to the nearest point of civilization;
and "turned loose" lest the Great Spirit
should punish them for any ' 'harm done<
the foolish or simple-mined."
He was daring, fearless and reckless in.;
danger; a most distinguished scientific]
man, and much beloved by the young,
men of his survey. His death during;
the past year was greatly mourned.
Mr. Gladstone's Simple Life.
Mr. Gladstone's habits of life are vera
simple, although busy. He rises about?
6:30 o'clock, breakfasts on bacon and
eggs or a little fish and tea, and thou
goes to his library to skim over the newspapers.
From 9 to 1 o'clock he receives
visitors. A light lunch follows, and theni
he drives directly to Parliament. He|
usually dines quietly at home at 7:30 inf
the evening, the food being simple and!
the -wines light, and then he returns toi
the House. Unless there is to be an im-?
portant division, he is at home and im
bed by 11 o'clock. Mr. Gladstone has a
fondness for his old clothes, and wheni
new ones are bought for him, his wife*
has to resort to diplomacy to make him
wear them. When he speaks in the House
he loosens his collar, turns up his wristbands
and unbuttons his waistcoat, his
gestures becoming exceeding vigorous as
he warms up.?New York Graphic.
In conscquence of the success of tha
smokeless powder, the Italian Government
has suspended the manufacture oi
all other kinds of srunDowder. ,
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