Newspaper Page Text
f ' :
THE BOKO 0? THE SHIRT, fi
I WITH fingers -wtary and ^
f worn, I
! ? . ' /\ In a tucked-np calico skirt, j
/ f Ql \ A woman stood at a washing
I ' ,1m I Washing a flannel shirt* 0
I m ^ l? | She washed, -washed, -washed,
a JR <1 J Until the colors ran? t
CjW yn And this was the size of the
ji^ flannel shirt .
A * 1 When the washerwoman '
1 J began.
Bob, nib, rub,
Till the weary arms Kro-w
Boap, soap, 'soap, / L n wt \ f
With hard and fingers and / [pa LI Ul I
thumb. J IU y 1 l ?
Beam and gusset and band / JJ I 1 1
Get a rub, and a rub, and a IJI % VLJ ij
rub; . Off ?. <*' T-*
And this was the size of the I i^Lt:
flannel shirt k I
Whfn she took it from the V; " / E
Wring, -wring, wring, 1
With th? vaieberwoman i p
' twist; t
ft HTpi\\ Squeeze, squeeze. squeeze,
/ XO 0 I \ With a turn ol hand and
\Jf? LJ It does not seem the same, (
Pi lY3 Tbe garment large and fine? t
ff J And this -was tbe size of the
J flannel shirt 1
When she bung it on th? t
Shrink, shrink, shrink, ?
While it bangs in the Irani tag "
Shrink, shrink, shrink,
Till its usefulness is done. ft g gi\
Hand and gusset and seam r lr 1 J
Get smaller perceptibly; fcil p ^
iind this was the size of the flan- f J
When it came baok to me.
HOT WEATHER. I
If there's one thing on this earth I
That I would like to do, 1
It le to lick tho man v. ho crtb, V
"Is this hot enough for youV" '
S i Ton c*a talk about your foreigners, J
Tbefr gall and iguorance, too,
But I lore them to the man -who saya; t
"le this hot enough for you 7"
3e 'will meet you in the ball-room, *
In the train, or at the Zoo, . t
And hit you on the shoulder with,
-Is this hot enough for you?"
I eonld dance upon his coffin
Till hie face's a ghastly hue, t
Then bend down and in accents whisper, E
"li it hot enough for youf
?American Commercial Traveller. ^
Ti MTSTHEIOHS GUISE \
>- ?. '
An Exciting Story of the Wai 8
of 1812. f
if1* * ^
STS JOHN* R. Ml'SIC Hi
THE DESERTEIt'S PLAN. j .
"D?' ?PA? rt c+An + nlot Viftrii '
KLHJUI DilU^CD U Civui, ( .
Englishman about forty years of age ; *
He was, as the reader has doubtless ; c
judged from his plans, ambitious,
naughty and unscrupulous. He had blu? s
eyes and light-brown hair, which was v
He wore a belt about his waist, which E
sustained a sword and pi6tol. j
. Ccwardioo was not one of his vices, ^
and the moment he recognized his enemy,
Captain Alton, he determined to fight. j
"Aha. you Yankee dog, I will have to J
shoot you, I see," said the Major, draw- j
ing his pistol
^ Griffith was as quick as he.
Everything oow depended on the rapid- j
( - ity with which they acted. A second's j \
delay would be instant death. | \
Both nistole were drawn and leveled at i i
almost the same moment.
PerhapB their very anxiety was their ?
afetv Scarcely had the bright, pol- c
ished* barrels glittered upon rthe air be- j
fore two 6tnnning reports rang out. ?
Griffith felt the Englishman's bullet I
graze his cheek, and in a moment the j "
emoke from both weapons hod sufficiently ' 6
cleared for him to discover that the En- j ?
clishman only had a lock of his brown , t
hair clipped from his temple. t
"Here is something which will not
Boise," cried Captain Alton, snatching his i
word from its scabbard. I
"Very good, my youDg cock. I shall
* take pleasure in cutting your comb," 6aid e
the Major, while a smile flitted over hie -t
"You coward!?you knave, how dared t
you abduct an innocent young girl?"' And t
tne American leaped iorwaru aua auacueu | ?
the Englishman with each fury that for j e
several moment^he latter was forced to i K
be npon the defensive all the time. t
' The Major was cool, however, and cire'
fully parried the fierce blows and thrusts t
. of his antagonist. i
Griffith was not long in discovering that t
he had no mean antagonist. His furions
Assaults availed him nothing mere than <
to lose his strength, and in a few moments
he tempered his attack with rea- i
Major Bridge, being an expert swords- t
man, had no fears of his opponent, especially
as he only belonged to the volun- 1
,teer service. Whoever knew a volunteer 1
that was equal to a regular army officer in ,
' -a tie handling of sword or foil?
1" "Ab Boon as he has had time to cool '
kimself and 6trike less blindly, I will
test the young fellow's skill," the Major
said to himself, and a smile of infinite
satisfaction flitted over his face.
? Bnt as Griffith became coolerhe became 1
more cautious, and began to display a 1
skill which the Major never dreamed he 1
. ? possessed. 1
"Aha! where did you learn that?" the 1
- Major asked, as our hero parried one of
bis favorite thrusts. i
Griffith made no an6wer, but returned (
? counter thrust which the Britton found
required all his skill to parry. '
"Very well, 6ir; if this is "to be war to <
the death, so be it!" ciied Ma jor Bridges.
who, despite all his determination to keep
cool, was growing a little angry.
Our hero'6 turn had come to be cool,
and, being tireless and watchful, he soon
jconvinced Major Bridges that he was at
least his equal.
They had been engaged but a few minv
ntes when the bushes at the rear of the
Major parted ond two redcoats, with
fiied bayonets, rushed to the rescue of the
"Don't kill him!" cried the Major, who
nowjliscQverecllhat th? tide had turned
in his favor. "I want to make him prisoner."
TV.o crtldiero hfivfl shot orir hero
wiih their muskets, but instead they
ought to disarm him. He hnd three
fois instead of one to contend with, and,
consequently, he was forced to use his
6Word more earnestly and rapidly.
The bright steel blade flew like ligbtning
above the heads of the Euglishiuen,
and the clash of steel and flying sparks
indicated the fury of the strokes. Clashing,
striking, glancing, and darting, like
- forked beams of lightning, the polieho.l
blades flew, the stoel points of the b lyo?nfc
/Iftr+prl Mcain nnd acrain at the Ameri
eon's breast, and it was only u question
of time when his 6word-arm would be
Gnthta had begun 10 seriously realize
his position when two quick, s^arp reports
rang out in his rear, and both the
English foldiers ?r,nk to the earth, shot
thiough the brain.
The underbrush on his side parted, and
with earth-quaking yells two tall forms 1
leaped forward, waving their heavy rifles i J
in the air as if they were no more than 1
Major Bridge- k.i ? that he could savs
bis life nlnnc I. i _li' ml. Lulling his 1
sword at his antagonist, with a yell ol I
i. mgo and fear m heeled about and disappeared
like a flash of lightning into ths 1
ih cko .
Captain Alton caught the whumg 1
blx'* upon his own sword, turned it
ug'de, aad n?#de m fuiioas lunge &t the 4
ifirg ; . . ^ v " ^ - ... ...
ying officer. He leaped forward, and,
tumbling over tLe body of one of the
alien redcoats, came down upon the
pound with no little violence.
He was np in a moment, and found one
f his rescuers bending over him, Baying:
"Griff, Griff, did he 6trike ye with his
amnl old butcher-knife?"
"No, Jack?you have disobeyed orders.
tTon were to stav until I come."
"l'es; but when Si 'n me heerd them
uns a craskin' we didn't think about orlers,
and come here like all possesf-ed."
"Come, Jack, let's hunt him down."
"No, no?hurry back with me to the
ort. I now understand what the British
ro up to. They have merely retired to
et the man-of-war have a fair chaDce to
me tnree Americans nastenea to al?ioa,
where they found their friends quite
nxious on their account. The shots had
>een heard, and they very naturally supposed
that the Americans were either
.illed 'or prisoners.
"I could hardly stand still when I
leard them shots," said Simon to the
Captain. "I jest supposed the pesky
Britishers were goin' to make mince
aeat out o' ye afore I could git eout o'
"I am glad that you remained in town,
simon,* returned the young commander.
But how is the ship?
"Thar* she is."
"Has she made a move?"
*Narry move. Looks jest like big
luck in a pond asleep."
"Yes; but 6he's not asleep by any
neans. This is only a lull?a calm beore
the storm, Simon. They know tbey
lave us like rats in a trap, and are in no
>arucaiar uurrv auuut uuujuj^ marc
jossession of their prey. They are playug
with us as a cat do?e with a mouse
jefore devouring it.
"Well, Cap'n, I'd rather devour than be
levoured jist mow," said the Yankee.
Phis was only a gentle hint that the sergeant
Captain Alton glanced at the-sun, and
liscovered tbat it had long since passed
"Simon, have yoa tasted food to-day?"
"No, Cap'n; I forgot to eat."
"So did I. I have not muoh appetite;
jut had we not better eat something to
iu6tain life? I find that I am wenker than
! should be, and it must be that I lack
ocd and nourishment."
"Well, Cap'n, I can soon bev some grub
eady fur ye at yoar tent."
Griffith went to his headquarters and
lat down uy tne sman xaoie, ou wmuu
Simon spread a "cloth, And had the officer's
lianer brought to him.
The can was not more than an hour
ibove the horizon.
Jack Hatchet entered with his ueual
amiliarity and abruptness.
"Griff, what ye goin* to do with them
ellers?" he asked, throwing himself on a
"I declare I had forgotten them. In-the
urmoil aad excitement of this morning
hey had slipped my mind. Jack, haTe
ou had your dinner?"
"Yes, Griff. I champed some cheese an'
rackers awhile ago."
"I wish yon would go and bring Burnett
ind Dawes here. Wait; I will give you a
vnuen oraer lor iueui.
"Oh, dogon a written order, Griff;'taint
to use,"the blacksmith answered. "Tom
iuffles is guardin' 'em, an' h-e'll believe
whatever I say."
"But this must be done in & militaryike
"Oh, I don't give a fig fur vonr military,
ike wavs. I'm fur doin' things quick,
nd ban' right up to the handle.1'
The order was" written However, ana
>laced in the hands of the blacksmith,
vho hurried away, and soon returned with
They came meekly, and yet somewhat
iullenly, into the presence of the young
"Gentlemen, we owe you an apology,"
taid Capt. Alton, rising from the table
vhere he had just finished his dinner.
Wo have wrongfully accused you and
hamefully treated you, considering the
iervice you rendered us, but allow me
iow to inform you that you are both free
For a few moments the prisoners stood
n silence. They were too much overcome
)v their emotions to speak.
'Henry" Dawes was abont to make
ome remark wben bis companion checked
"No, no, Bhipmate, this is no time for
ebnkes," he said. "If we have been
larshly treated it was by friends wbo
nisunder6tood ns. They did it for the
ake of America, and would we not
uffer ten times as much for our counrv?M
"Blow my eyes, shipmate, if I will ever
itter a word o complaint, though ye lash
ae to the long-tom and lay the cat on me
ill the boatswain's arm gives out"
The sailors seated themselves, and
"You are at liberty now to go wherever
on ^.ish. Wa will not attempt to restrain
"Ah! I had not thought of that."
As the Americans were laboring that
night to strengthen their works, repair
their boats, and gather up material for
arms, they felt the earth almost trembling
"What is it?" Si Cole asked of Griffith.
Captain Alton, who had felt the earth
tremble under these sounds before, said:
"It is distant cannonading, Si."
"Those shots coma from Baltimore."
"And so the Britishers are there, nra
they'r" he asked, his eyes wide open with
"Yes, and were we a little nearer on
higher uronod. we conld doubtless se?
tne tla?n or tuose powertui cannon wmcn
make the earth tremble."
All night long the citizens of Manoa
In' ored on their boats and heard tho distant
cannonading of Fort McKenry.
The nicht was still, and even the restless
oid ocean seemed nushed to slorp.
The sky was cloudless and the stars
looked kindly down noon the beleagured
A 11 Vi rnn r?Vi Viaoo r? o rlr oil art f Vinnra 4 Via
6teady boom, boom, booming of cannon
could be heard in the distance.
It was on that night that tbe heavens
were painted by rockets' red glare and
the bombs bursting in air, and Mr. Francis
S. Key, a prisoner r.board a British
vessel, wrote the immortal "Star-Spangled
Little did our beleagnred friends in
Manoa, on that night of horror and
anxiety, dream that the great national
American air was being composed and
written by a captive American.
. Jheir qwq ?tftr-spangles} .buaer WM
f'0U, DUl WOUJU HKe lu nave jwui b;oiditnce
in our trouble."
"The man-o'-war still lave to. ag if
sue intended bombardin'the village." suid
the deserter of the Xeuophon.
"Yes, and she only waitB ber own time.
The truth is, we are in ber power, for we
lannot return a shot."
" Y/hy, are the guns spiked?"
"No; worse than that. If the guns
were spiked Jack Hntcbet might drill out
new touch-ho!es; but they have captured
i young lady, for whom every oue would
iie rather than hnrm, and taken her
aboard the man-o'-war, so we dare not
fire at the Bhip lest we injure an im ocent
The deserter of the Xenophon sat and
gazed in astonishment at Capt. Alton.
"What do \ou mean?" he at last a6ked.
"Do you mean to say the British came
within tbe works and carried off a young
lady a prisoner?"
As briefly as be could, our hero explained
bow Ola Gatrell was abducted
during tho absence of bimself and the
principal defenders of the fort.
Burnett listened for some time, and
tkeu hbook bis bead strangely.
"You ebould not have gone, Capt.
A l + A ^atmmon/lc?r cVirmlrl nAViir Ipava
the fort in time of danger for any cause."
"You are correct, Jlr. Burnett. Hud I
had a moment to retiect, or liadldreumed
when I leaped the parapet that I would
have to go po far, I should have remained
at the villa e; but I did not dream of
cither. I thought we would have to go
but a Bhort distance and overhaul the
man whom I supposed to he a spy, with
no other object than spiking our gune.
But when once the chase was begun, we
ran on, and on, until we almost reached
"What has been done can't be helped,"
said Burnett. "The lady is a captive,
and we must now look to her rescue, foi
while she is aboard 6hip we dare not fire
"Can you think of a plan, howevei
desperate, whereby we might rescue her?"
"There is but one." <?
"What is that?"
"How many men have you?"
"There are now a little over four hundred
and fifty able-bodied men io the
"Brave as lions. but inexperienced
"We must carry the Xenophon by the
"Can that be accomplished?" our here
asked. "1 hud thought ot that once, bul
Lave it up. It seemed eo utterly impractical
that I thought the lime spent in
thinking of it lost.
"It is Dos-ible to do it, yi-t a mnn of ex
perienco must i<t least lay the plan and
guide the operation of things."
"Then, Mr. Burnett, you Ehall command
"You have norae bouts and fiihing
smack*, I believe?"
"Yes. there are enough row boata to
jarry all our fcrc*.
"That is very good. Kcw, Captain, mt j
plan ie simply this. We will to-night
get the boats in good shape and have
everything ready. The first night that it
is foggy and dark we will fill the boats,
and with muffled oars proceed to the
Xenophon. Once alongside of her it is
easy enough for our men to climb among
the chains and reach the deck. You have
"And several others who can pound |
iron, have you not?"
"Then we must have them get to work.*
" What doing?"
Tashioning broadswords. Every man
mnst be armed with a cutlass."
"But, Mr. Burnett, where are we to get,
"Make them from scvthee. bars of iron
corn knives and whatever material yoc
"You are really a man of great resources,
" Your carpenters can assist in putting
on rtout handles, ana wb mum umt
6oores of men busy grinding the weaponi
ac-d getting them as near into shape as it
i6 possible for them to be."
"We have a few cutlasses and swords.'
"Use what you have, and make enough
for the others."
"It shall be done, Mr. Burnett, for ]
see your plan is a good one. and, aB yon
[ ore fully acquainted with the ship, yon
( will know from which side you can best
"We will go aboard the larboard and
! -starboard bows and mizzen-clains," said
the deserter. "Have you pistols for all?'
*No; but we have rifles.
"Guns are of but little use to a board,
ing party, though we will have to tak<
them, I bupposo, and do the best w?
"And now, Mr. Burnett," said our hero,
who had heartily entered into the enter.
prise, "when shall we begin this undertaking?"
"As soon as it is dark. We must wori
under the cover of darkness, so that ouj
surprise will be complete."
Captain Alton was anxious for nigh<
to come, that the work might be begun.
a flag of tbuce.
After having laid bare his plan th<
deserter of the Xenophon sat for a long
time in silence. He gazed upon the vessel
which lay at anchor like fome mon
6ter sea bird. He glanced down at th<
beach wheie a number of boats and small
crafts were moored.
? 1 3 vinm
L OUiCl WB 11UI U I CI U.I U1 iiitUi uvn.
Griffith asked of the deserter, who had
risen to hie feet.
"No, the British would discover you,
and your motive be guessed. When nigh<
fall comes every boat must be drawn up
the creek, and put on tbe shore behind
that bit of head land, and then we cau cu<
boughs of bushes and so arrange everj
thing as to screen them from the enemj
on 6hip or shore."
To Griffith Alton it seemed an age before
night world come. He hunted up
Jack Hatchet and laid bare the plan.
"That's it," said Jack. "That's jest ex
actly it. I'll go to tbe snop atio pui a
lire in the forge an' begin now makin'
"No, no, Jack; build no fire until night,'
said Captain Alton. "The smoke would
be seen and the cause might be guessed.
But get together as many assistant smiths
as you can ?nd hunt up all the material
you can find that will be suitable to fashion
into cutlasses, be they ever so rude.
Then you must ali;o get together all th?
old lockless pistols that can be found and
repair such as can be repaired. Put them
" n a nnociMn -
Ill lib guuu uuaumvu uj v.v,
"T'll do it. Griff. Yo needn't fear but
what l'U do it," said Jack Hatchet, whos?
eyes sparkled with excitement nt th?
proposition. "1 know jest how to worli
on guns, too, fur I've bee.?, at that kindei
business fur a long time. Then there ar<
lots o' bo;,-? in town who kin pound iror
and tinker with gun locks, too."
Jack at once eet to work and hunted up
such persons as he needed, and they began
gathering togother all such material
as they could find. Bars of iron and
steel, reaping hooks, corn knives, and
wagon springs, everything wbich could
possibly be shared into a weapon. Thei<
were carried to Jack's shop. Two mor<
temporary forges were set up that evening,
and all night lo^g the work of gath?
ermgin material went on.
No fire was built in the forges, for oui
friends were not ready.
The youthful commander went down tc
thebe.ichas soon as it was dark. Th<
two deserters and Henry Small accompanied
"You have considerable experience ir
repairing boats, have you not, Henry'r'
:he young commander asked the carpenter.
"Yes, a good deal, Griff," the carpenter
answered, with a chuckle. "Fact is
Griff, I've made most of these boats myself."
"Now. how many assistants can yco
wrinn lrnftw hut moat anvbodv c&r
help carry these boats up the creek on<
on dry ground, where v/e kin cuull
A hundred hands were Boon busy, anc
the silent work vent on.
One after another the boats were dragged
up the creek, taken out behind a bit ol
headland, and put on temporary dry-docks
prepared for them.
"Thar, they can't see ub now when we
work on 'em," said the carpenter.
"Can they be repaired to-night?" oui
"No, Griff, that would be impossible,"
the carpenter answered. "You see, some
on 'em hev been badly split up by the
balls and shells from the ship, an' others
are a most rotten."
"Do you suppose tho vessel will bombard
us to-morrow?" the anxious commander
asked tie deserter, wlio stood by
"I don't know." the deserter answered.
"They don't seem to be in a hurry for
~ ' ~ ? ? ?T ^rt/lavalon/l
bOine rtJUMJIl, WlilUU A oau l uuuoioiuuu,
unless they are waiting to bear from
Major Bridges on the land."
"There may be nome other reason."
"What cao it be?"
"General Robs mav be in tronble in
'Tf. ' 1
. .. . :
still floating over their earthworks, and
at each plance at those folds they felt
their hearts becoming strengthened with
hope and patriotism.
America, the land of the free and home
of the brave?the republic which is des- i
tined to 6tand a thousand years, was as- |
sailed by the same monarchy from whicn
it had cut looee thirty.eight years before.
No one need blame our hero if he allowed
his feelings of patriotism to overcome
his personal emotion. Ha wished
that he was in that far-off contest where
men were battling for the true right.
He would willingly hare hastened to
Ealtimore and helped raise the siege,
could he have done so.
This heavy cannonading explained the
peculiar movements of Major Bridges.
All nightlong Captain Alton's thoughts
were divided between Manoa, the man-ofwar,
"What will be the result of all this?
how is it to end?" he asked himself again
and acum. Wonld not that cannonading
poitend victory or defeat to tbeir coon*
The young commander saw that every
boat was drawn upon the shore, and the
caulking commenced as soon ae it was
"One night more of work and we will
be ready," said the deserter of the Xenonhon.
"Can we not get ready to make the attack
the coming night?
"No, I am afraid not," the deserter answered.
"We hardly dare use the forges
in daylight, as the 6moke would indicate
what we were doing. Bat I think we can
"Will not the man-of-war bombard us?"
"No, not to-day."
"Why do yon think so?"
"Because the result of last night'*
bombardment is not known. Baltimore
may be in the hands of the British, or
Gen. Boss may be defeated and on the
iretie.it. They would like to know how
that conflict has gone before they begin a
(bombardment. I would advi&e you now
<to gc to yonr tent and try and get some
sleep while this work is going on. You
will have need for all your strength in the
struggle that is coming."
Others came to urge onr hero, and the
result was that he retired to his couch.
Even in bis slumbers his mind was on
the condition of affairs. He never for a
single moment lost the idea that Ola was
He 6a w her standing in the midst of ber
foes upon the ship, and be powerless to
go to her. Suddenly there was a great
commotion, aad oh, horrorof horrors! the
man-of-war was on fire. It was all alive
with flame and smoke, and he 6aw the
blazes leaping up toward the sky. Then
all of a sudden the scene changed. A
storm was raging and the ship was a
merchantman. Ola was aboard the
plunging, staggering vessel, ond black
clouds 6wept over the scene. He strove
to go to her, but was unable to do so.
"God in heaven, help her!" La ejaculated.
H? seemed to be lashed to a mast
and unable to move.
The stoim raged wrathfully and loud,
and the waves beat over him. He saw
his adored one on the doomed vessel
holding her arms extended to him, and
imploring him to come to her aid.
At this moment a man darted by
through the waters in a long, slim boat,
which seemed to skim over the waves.
He reached the wreck iust as it was going
down, and snatched the beautiful being
iioofmMi/m TVi?r? wnn a thnnder
peal and a blinding flash, and be 6nw the
rescHer and the rescued standing safe
upon shore. The rescued wa9 his beloved
Ola, and the rescuer was one of those deserters
of the Xenophon.
"Captain Alton, wake up."
Griffith started from his couch, and saw
the sailor Burnett at his bedside.
"What is the matter?" the young commander
asked, for the face" of Burnett
indicated that something strange had
"The enemy have lowered a boat and
are sending it into port."
Griffith rubbed his eyes, dashed on his
hat, and hurried out to the works. The
boat, propelled by six stout oarsmen, was
6tauding in to the bay.
"What does that mean?" Griffith asked.
"We will know in a few minutes," the
At this moment the officer in the bow
of the boat held aloft a white flag.
"Aba, it is a flag of truce," Baid the
deserter of the Xenophon. "They have
some proposition io make."
The flag being respected by the Amerijans,
the boat containing it pulled rapidly
in to 6hore.
[TO BE CONTINUED. 1
Switzerland's Little Bismarck.
Dr. Emile Welti, the new-elected
President of Switzerland, was born at
Zurzach,in the canton of Aran, in 1825,
of a wealthy and distinguished family.
t>t? ritrr r wpt Tf
iJl\? Li.UlUU ?( UUili
He becamc a member of the Federal
Council in 188C, and since theu he has
been elected to the highest office of that
little republic five times?in 1809-72-71)80-84
and now for the y(ar 1891.
Welti in politics belongs to the Center,
with a pronounced tendency to favor the
Right or the Conservative party, although
he may be better styled an Opportunist,
being flexible to the exigencies of circumstances
in order to carry his points.
He is very reserved in matters of a religious
character, prudent in all his
actions, and an active, energetic and
zealous statesman. lie is the inspirator
of the moderate party and enjoys the
sympathy of the majority ot the Federal
(Mintnhwa. Hn is verv dicrnificd. of rc
fined mauners, and as much an observer
of strict etiquette as if he had been bora
and raised among prince?. Nevertheless
he is affable and of easy approach. Although
not as brilliant an orator as
Ruchouuet, his eloquence is admirable,
and as a financier he is regarded as the
best in Switzerland.
In appearance Dr. "Welti is a handsome
mau of imposing stature and noble
bcariug. He resembles Bismarck and
has many of his traits. For this resemblance
he is knowu as the ''Little
A high school teacher in a Kennebec
pie.) town sits young ladies of seventeen
nn the floor as a nunishment, and aids
them by tripping when reluctapjb to take
the assigned position.
ft. F. Hershey eays in a recent
article: "Woman lives longer than
man, goes insane less numerously, oommit6
suicide o>ne-third as often, makes
one-tenth the demand on the pnblio
purse for support in jail, prisons and
. - C "s" *.-.- - Jf *- -r-"* -- >-.-'*** :-v,+:-r*
A LAND WHERE FURNACE-LIKE
Man Nor Beast Hardly Able to "With " and
the Awful Temperature?A
There is one place inside the boundaries
of the United States which, says
Charles M. Harger, in the Brooklyn
(N. Y.I Citizen. the most intrepid ex
ENTRANCE TO DEATH VALLEY.
plorer has never investigated, and re
turned to tell the story of his journey.
The Valley of Death into which rode th<
Six Hundred was not so fatal as was a
few hundred square miles in Southern
California, near the Arizona line. Im
agine a narrow strip of arid plain, shul
in between two mighty mountain walls,
the peaks stretching up into a burning
--When," said one of the most experienced
travelers to the writer, "I stood
at the entrance to the weird place then
was something unearthly in the view. A
gray haze, bounded by the fatal mirage.
huDg over the surface. The level of th?
basin, 175 feet below tidewater, was i
blackish gray, with scarcely a piece oi
vegetation to rest the eye.
"Long before a white man ever looked
upon the spot it was called Death Vallej
by the natives on account of the direfu1
" - "1 -1 I A
influence it exerteci upon man ana Deasu
The ground between the bony ridge:
that rise on either side is an alkali paste
into which the horse sinks to his knees
Hair and hide are eaten away by th<
strong substance, and unless one car
find the paths which cross the plain,
death will come before half the distance
has been passed."
There is something uncanny about the
whole appearance of things in the vallej
?the absence of vegetation, the long,
level reaches of white sand, looking in
the twilight like a lake, and the quiet,
which is unspeakable. Bo* greatest and
most fearful of nil is the heat. As intc
a natural furnace the sun's rays are
poured, without a cloud to mitigate the
intensity. When Professor Gilbert, the
famous geologist, succeeded in crossing
a narrow arm of the valley almost twenty
years ago, escaping only with his life,
the thermometers in his saddle bags ran
un to 150 decrees and then burst.
The first white man who ever visited
Death Valley was Captain Bendire, a
California Forty-niner. He made his attempt
to cross it in 1860, and was unsuccessful
in more than skirting the
edge. He took back tales of the terrible
place, aud immediately a number
of miners, excited by the additions to
his recital made by the Indians, determined
to explore the region, in hopes of
finding gold. Fitting themselves out
with plenty of tools, and carrying enough
water to last ordinarily for three days,
they started, a company of four.
Slipping rapidly down from the shelf
of rock that surrounds the plain, they
found themselves in a journey of two
miles 5000 feet below their starting
point. Their aim was a precipitious
bluff on the opposite side, taking in what
appeared to be an oasis, with trees growing
thereon, midway across the valley.
But their water supply diminished
rapidly. The air, much drier than even
that of Sahara, and the great heat put
n l/5nf1 r?f an axrqua.
llil'ir UUU1V9 WIUUJU n njuvi uu v<?^v
rating proctss. So fast did this evaporation
go on that a gallon of water only
lasted as o pint in an ordinary atmosphere.
Even with their abundant supply,
before they had been out a day their
blood grew thick and fever stared them in
the face. Near where they camped the
first night they found the dried-up form of
an Indian, and beside it a lar^e gold
LOOKING ACROSS THE VALLEY.
"Wild with hope they toiled on,intending
to push up to oue of the gorges that
reached into the valley from the west,
at the head of which they hoped to find
a spring. But they did not know which
to seek, and after toiling to the head of
one, and finding nothing but bare and
parched rocks, one of the party went
mad with heat, and they were forced to
abandon him. Before night two more
hiul dowu to die, nnd the solitary survivor
was clambering the rocks with
feverish heat, endeavoring to escape from
the alkali sink in which his friends had
perished. They did not need burial.
Their bodies shriveled up to mummy-like
forms, and may lie where they fell
through all eternity, staring up at the
brazen sky. The miner at last reached
civilization a mere skeleton of his former
elf. In 1873 a party of emigrants were
: il. tvurr tn Smith
crossing nit; [Milium uii hiiu .?..j ?-.
em California. Arrived at Hie mountain
raup;o they saw three greaK chains
stretched out before theru, the Inyo and
the Argus Tuouutnihs forming the most
westerly one, the Paranoint being next
in tlm ?*:ist and the Annacroza the third.
still farther east and nearest them. East
of the Armagoza range is the Armagoza
desert and to the west .Death Valley.
They struggled across the former stretch
of saud and catu3, and the horses were
nearly worn out when they pulled into
the awful region of the latter. They
had not gone far when the animals grew
too weak to pull the wagons. With a
heroism worthy of the occasion, the unmarried
men put the women and their
husbands on the best horses and sent
!. them over the back trail, believing that
' ' ' ^7>?-- ? ** , - ' '
"" * " * ' x-1" v"
\ K- / rf-r- - %N. ' V?V^V.W?>?cnr^<: .?*?<*.
they would" be able to reach the fast
stream that had been passed.
In a few moments a cloud of dust hid
their friends from the eyes of the selfsacrificing
band. The families succeeded
in getting to water, and finally, haviDg <
waited three days for the half dozen
noble men behind to oveitake them,
pushed on to California. A year afterward
two of these brave fellows appeared
broken down in health, and told how
after a desperate effort they alone of the
six had reachcd the mountains and been
saved by a passing shower. Death
Valley itself never sees a shower. The
rainfall is dissipated by the hot air, and
even the tremendous storms in Armogoza
Valley, which 6end at times a river a
mile in width a mile around the end of
the ranee and thence northward, never
^ Q , - r
moisten the dry earth. The flood is
.dried up and lost before it has penetrated
many rods into the ovenlike section.
At the south end of the valley are
some deep pools, fed by wonderful
underground springs. They never overflow,
nor is it known that their level
ever changes. Silent, dark and lonely,
they are like great brown eyes looking
up from the ghastly white stretch of
horror. In them are found fish unknown
elsewhere in the world, and which have
no eyes. Surrounding the valley are
other remarkable natural features. Sixty
miles southeast is the Devil's Playground,,
? dreadful waste across which a furnace*
wind constantly blows. The black
- 9 *r _
RUINS OF THE PUEBI.O.
lava ana Hot sand of the plain radiate
the heat of the sun, so that looking
down from some eminence
the whole land3capc is tremulous
to the eye, and seems instinct with
life. Near this is Dead Mountain,where
the temperature is 140 degrees in .the
shade the year round. On the cast side
the precipitous rocks are much broken
up, and the sun shining on the white
r\nin*c <inr\ nnrrl^a ttialrs* t.ViA mmintftill \
look from a distance as. if whcle conventions
ol ghosts were there assembled.
The Indians believe on this account that
the place is the abode of their dead warriors.
Hence its name, and the mystical
tales which are connected with it.
But Death Valley is not to remain a
terra incognita. The United States
Government has planned an exploration
which will, if such a thing is possible,
lay bare its secrets. Two parties will i
go into the valley from opposite sides,
and the Department of Agriculture will
have the fruits of the expedition arranged
at Washington and shown as a
warning and a study. Especial attention
will be given the animal life of the
valley's environs, and if any living
thing exists in the place itself specimens
will be obtained. Experts will collect
plants, wood?, rocks, soil, and indeed
everything possible. The explorers will
carry an abundance of supplies, and will
not venture into the valley until they
have accurately located springs and I
streams, so that they can reach them iu
case of necessity.
Perhaps among the wonders of the
6trange region none is more noteworthy
than the legend of the ruins of a pueblo
or castle, said by the Indians to exist in
Death Valley, and which may have been
the four miners' oasis. Long ago. so the
tale runs, Death Valley was a fertile
kingdom presided over by a beautiful
and fair-haired queen. She commanded
her subjects to build her a mansion, and
for years they toiled, dragging stones and
wood across the level space between the
mountains and the chosen site. As the
palace nearcd completion her Majesty
grew impatient, and at last pressed even
the princess, her daughter, into the service
of the builders. Then, because the
workmen seemed slow, she strode among
them and lashed their naked backs with
a heavy whip.
The laborers dare not complain, but
when she struck her daughter, the slender
girl, roused to wrath, cursed her
mother and Hie vallev, immediatelv dving
as a result of the severe tasks she
had been made to'perform and the abuse
heaped upon hei. The sun never ceased
thenceforth to pour its fiercest rays upon
the kingdom, and it was made a desert,
and tbe Queen and her subjects died of
thirst and heat. The pueblo, parched
and baked, stands half completed, and in
the almost constant mirage which floats
over the valley its dim outlines, white
and ghastly, are reported to bo often
The Return From the Wedding".
"An' what arc they doin' now?''
"Oh, Mariar; it's just too splendid for
anythink. She's a leauin' her head on
his shoulder and is a mussiu' his hair
A Freuchman in the province of Lor
mine is in prison on a curioua uum^. ,
His brother died and left a will bequeathing
Franco about $S00 to buy |
arms to fight Germany in the next war, j
and as he was beyond the reach of the
law the Germans arrested his brother as
accessory to the crime of sedition and
Thn comi-nffipial nrfts.q of Berlin denies
that Emperor William, of Germany, is
ufflicted with cancer.
A large mine of agate onyx has bee*
opened in ft cave near Ozark, Mo. I
members?. ?e not the same office.?ROBK jB
[ could not do tbe work tbe reapers did, |
Or bind tbe golden sheaves that thereby
But I could follow by the Master's side, I
And watch the marred face I loved so
Right in my path lay many a ripened ear, H
Which I would stoop aiid g thcr "joyfully;
I did not know tbe Master placed them
"Hamlfuls of purpose" tbat He left for -
r could not cast the l>eavy fisher net, .'"gm
I bad not (strength or wisdom for the fl
So on the sun-lit sands, with spray-drop#-.;,
I sat, ami earnest prayers rose thick ana ,
[ pleaded fortlie Master'* b!essing whereMy
brtthren toiled upon the wide world-'
Or that I ever knew, His stni'e so fa r
Came, bringing sweet encouragement to
mc. " . -.
I could not join the glorious so'dier-band,
I never heard their thrilling battle cry;
The work allotted by tho Master's hand
Kept me at home while others went to
And yet, when victory crowned the struggle
long. .< . ;jgv-jgg
And spoils were homeward brought both
rich and rare.
He let me help to chant the triumph song, And
bade me in the gold and jewels *hare. ,
Oh. Mister, dear! the lii.lest work for Thee jj
VituU ri.i^imnoiuii l>aviiml n:ir liL'liC'Kt 4
And feeble hands that worked buttremb-:~
The richest colors in Thy fabric wrought t We
are contcnt to take what Thou shall .
To do, or suffer. as Thy choice shall be,
Forsaking all Thy wjxdom l?ids us k-nvp.
Glad in the thought that wc are pl< asinr I
? [Eva Trovers Poole. - ;
a hist for PR"AcnK:as.
The wilow of a clergyman writes to the- .
Albany Journal: "When I. with my husband,
was living in a city not fur from here/;:
I noticed that"" a member of our church, a :
poor woman, was not regular in her attend-,j
ance. and finally did not Httend at all. I.J
callcd upon her, and she .said to me with tho^'
utmost frankness that her husband was inclined
to be hard with her, that he did not,
poto church, and that if ?he was not home
on Sunday in time to ha-c his dinner for',
him verv reirlvat 12o' clock, he was abusive.
? - i 1. .J ?.U :
sue saw mai my nusuanu preiimvu nitii ivu^ .
nerinons tlmt she could seldom get borne i
until after 12 o'clock, and that rather than
have unpleasantuess at home she refrained:
from going to church any more.
"She said that she woiild not have ppoken,
of the matter but for tie fiict that three?
other women of her acquaintance were also
kept from altendance by similar circtim*
stances. She gave me the names of the oth- J
er women, ai?d I called upon tliem and found'
her story to be exactly (rue. I laid the facta,
before mv hu>band. "and he determined to;
make a cliange in his programme. Instead
of realing nil the hymns, he merely read the
i first verse of each, and he began tbe servioa
at precisely 1 >.30, whether the congregation;
were on raid or not. He shortened hi#<
Braver to eight minutes instead of fifteen*'!
[is*sermons were commenced by 11, neverIpter
than 10 minvtes after, and always con*>
eluded by 11.43. Within three months after
he had nude this change there was a revival
in the church, and one of the first persons ;
brought in was the husband of the -woman
whom I first met." j
It is sadly surprising the amount of ignor?
*? mA lift 1?S Klo nrVif/rlt nvieta
mice III IV luv 4'IVIV nutyu V^NIM
among church-members. A. friend declared
that he could not bold a Bule-mectlng
amorg bis women, because they were so en-,
tirely ignorant of the Bible-^looking for
Hebrews in tbe Old Testament. This diaJ
cour-ging condition is widespread. An exchange
"We dropped into a Christian Endeavor
meeting connected with one of-the larceitchurches
in Boston the otber e\ ening. The
singing was spirited, tbe prayers brief and
fervent, tbe remarks earnest. But it
painful wlien the Scrlpturc was read, to sea*
\ several of the members, who were twenty]
years old at least. looking in tbe New Testa?
inent for the Book of Jlicah. Some, who did
not make this glaring mistake, turned tb*
leaves o'the Old Testament In an uncertain..;
way. Thi" defect in Christian training is by
no means peculiar to tbe church mentioned*'
"\\"e see it everywhere." ' ' ^
Apropos to the above is added: "A younf
pulpit orator, sent out from a very popular
university not a thousand miles from Boe?
ton, was holding a 'union' meeting with ft
well-known pastor. It was arranged tblt'
one part of the young brother's service
shou'd consist of reading the Scriptures.While
the siuging, which immediately
preceded the Scripture reading, watering
on, be asked . the pastor what
Scripture should be reid. He repl'ed by
suggesting a passage in the Book of Daniel*-'
The young man turned the leaves the
Bii?le vigorously, with ill success; ami just?
the choir's entrance upon the_lnst veri}Qf
I warned him that his tfme was' almost come,
lie turned to his conijianion With a venr.
nervous look, and said: 'Where is Daniel
any way?1" - S
I THE LAMP AXD THE LIGHTHOUSE.
A Scotch fisherman, wlii'e out one night
in his smack, was overtaken by a terrible
storm. He could not te I where "he was, or
! how to tind his way (o the landing-pUce. At
length, his son caught sight of a small light
| glimmering through the wild darkness, lie
set sail toward the light, and soon found
him elf right before his own cottage which
stood on a cliff above the sea.
When he got home, he found that his
little boy had set the lamp in an uppeo
window, by whose light both father and
brother had been unved from shipwreck.
Every stormy night afterward, that same
lamp was set in the window, to guide otberS
fishermen who might be caught out in the
thick darkness. By and by it was determined
to build a light-house on the cliff. But the'
big. blazing burner grew out of the little
A poor child in Philadelphia, the daughter
of a very poor widow, died a year or two
ago. During her Jong sickness, her heart
was full or peace ana ine sweet tove ui ui?
Just before she died, she put into the
hands of her minister a small p per box that
had contained some of her medicine. In the
box were fifty three-cent pieces, which she
hud been saving up for a long time, and she
had earned each piece by hard work. She
said to her minister:
"After I am dead I want you to tnke this
money and build with it a "church for tbe
poor people in this neighltorhoed."
Ttic minis:* r could not keep buck his tears
as tbe box was given to him; and 1 could
not either when 1 saw it last summer.
The minister took tbe box of coins and
showed :t to a rich lumber merchant, who
never cared anything about religion. The
merchant at once o lie red to give lumber for
building tbe church. < Ulier people who saw
the box and beard its touching history gave
money, and very soon the pretty mission
church will be nnisbed. The pcht* Christian
child's lamp will grow into a large light*
house to gllKie runny .soilis 10 nenvcu. gu
No person can tell how much good marl
coine f-om loving, yet apparently itigniff-H
rant r.ots. The lamp tlicy light. even if itH
is small, may grow into a light-house, andH
shine long after they are dead.?[Youth'?H
Columbia College has a landed es-H
tate of about twenty acres in the bestH
part of New York City, vrorth now $10,
000,000, and likely to double in TalueB
in the next decade. jH
The production oT metal aluminum?
by electrolysis at a cost of a little abov^J
that of tin is what some French chem-H
ists are sanguine of being able to ao*H
Old Salt?Were you ever at seajH
Newlywed?Well, not exactly, but
have several times been caught in tH
squall lately.?Binghamton Bepubli^M