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"DEM TALLER SHOES."
BT JOHN DE WITT.
I'm trabeled dJa yer country,
I'eo ridden many miles,
1'ee seen de biggest cities,
I'te worn der white folks tiles
Day's called mo niggor often,
Dey's heaped me wid abuse,
Bot nebber yit indooced me
To war dem yaller sho.s.
I'?e proud I is a nigcar.
I knows whar I'sobrot up,
Ole marster nebber would cab
Frown such shoes to our pup;
He blonged to all der By-ties,
Paved heaps an' heaps er dues,
But being er white gem-men,
He wore no yaller shoes.
T'an wnrbori n.a ?r nnrt?r
On one nb Puilman's kyars,
I need to make my lib-bing
By tips and good cig-yare;
But now I'le try white-washing,
My place I'le nab ter lose.
I'ae knocked out by "po white trash,*
What wars dem yaller shoes.
11 JEWELED DM;
-Die Strange Tragedy of the
BY ABTHUB GRIFFITHS.
OITICIALS?EKOI.T8H AND OTHERS.
BEACHED Cadiz on the 1
) sixth evening after my departure
/Afeh/9 I took no my quarters at
*he Fonda del ifar, one oi
the best of the many indif/g)V]^H||ferent
hotels in the "Silver
J/V-? jW 11 Sancer," as Cadiz is called
Wj^30\ What was I in search of?
Proof of former intimacy,
acquaintance, conn e c t i o n,
more or less close, between
L Mr. Peter Sarsfield and
\y?) r Xavier de Yriarte, alias
C/ at v Joseph Cocch; the one,
formerly a Cadiz merchant;
; the other, till only recently, a sea captain
sailing from the same port.
I decided at length to make inquiries
for Mr. Sarsfield. My first visit was to
the British Consulate. The Vice Consul,
Mr. Matthew Cripps, a dried-up little
t man of middle age, received me, his
ehief being for the moment absent on
I have bnt little hope of obtaining
an answer, did you ever hear of a
man named Xavier de Yriarte, a sailor,
belonging to Cadiz?" I asked him. j
"A Spanisn seaman ana s'lujett, * ouy
pose. No, sir, I have never heard of the
man. Yon had better apply to the Cap-tain
of the Port."
As I was quite hopeless of extracting
anything from Don Mateo Cripps, I left
v the Consulate and returned somewhat
disheartened to my hotel.
Mr. Sarsfield for the moment had
eluded my researches, so I determined to
E*devote myself to Yriarte.
Before facing the certain vexation of i
further inquiry, and feeling that, bad as j
, .was my semi-BritiBh official, the native
Spaniard would be infinitely worse, es(x
'v pecially to one who spoke little of the
vernacular, I now secured the services of
a guide and interpreter. Raman Zapato
was one of half a dozen such that hung
about the Fonda del Mar.
j. Taking the telegraph office on my way,
whenoe I dispatched a message to Smart,
asking whether Mr. Sarsfield was Protestant
or Catholic. I went on to see the
Captain of the Port.
After waiting quite half an hour 1 was
introduced into the presence of a very fat
old man, who appeared to have been just
BE|>V tensed from heavy Blumber and to be still
half asleep. He wore a thin, 6hort jacket
of alpaca, showing an open shirt-front,
white duck trousers and white canvas
He was told the object of my visit by
Bamon, but he vouchsafed no reply; he
k. only stared silently, indignantly, I
-. . thought, for many more minutes, then
his huge body was convulsed with internal
commotion, and he jelled suddenly
: st the top of his voice:
t?,.v "Manoel 1"
The shout summoned a lesser official,
the counterpart of his chief, but on a
"Manoel!" repeated the Captain of the
Port, only a little less loudly, "take this
mballero and tell him what he wants to
know. Do not let me be disturbed again,
or, by tne ten lives of my patron saint,
Pllpostpone your pay another year."
We were dismissed, and going out Bamon
whispered to me:
l.-"I'll give him, Manoel, half a doubloon.
He'll be as easy as a glove after that."
i And the bribe bad the desired effect, for
the man was all eagerness to oblige._
i "Xavier de Yriarte? A Bailor? wnat
hip? Can't tell? Wa? he a mate, a maatar,
captain, or what?"
He danced about, took down many
brass-bound volumes, wildly turned over
leaf after leaf; but it was near half as
hour before he said:
"The only person of the name was
Captain of the Dos Eormanos (Two
Brothers), which cleared from this port
on March 10, 18C?
?; i "Where bound?"
* "Bound for the Havana."
"And when did the ship return?"
There was another long pause.
"I cannot find that she ever returned,"
aid Manoel, at length. "There is no
other entry concerning her."
"No trace of Captain Yriarte?"
"No: none whatever, so far as I can
He re-examined the register!?, -with no
more satisfactory result, and I left the
port office, as I bad the consulate, almost
* jn despair.
Bat 1 bad no thought of giving in; I
was determined to prosecute my search
to the end. I now found Eamon very
useful. It was his suggestion that inquiries
should be made amon? the sailors
of the port; the harbor was crowded witb
hipping, there must surely be some one
onboard or at the quiy-side to whom
jf * Triarte was known. This task I intrusted
to the guide, resolviug myself to take the
it first steamer to Gibraltar, encouraged to
J&,' to do so by n telegram received that evening
It contained the single word "Protestfor
?nt"; but I knew now that tbejnurrj""*
must nave Deen perrormea at Gibraltar,
sad I had some vague, fresh hope that
Mr. Snrefield would probably be bettei
remembered there in an English fortrese
town than in Cadiz, the sleepy Spanish
i>:;> I called on the police magistrate, Majoi
Crichton. I found myselt iu the presence
- ?.?? ? rnhrt imnrAi?A(l mp favorably at
A m:irriage? You want proof of a
marriage? Nothing easier. What are
the names? When did it take place?"
I confessed my inability to st pply all
ji "Never mind. If yon knew ail that,
i probably yon would not apply to us. But
how mnch do yon know?"
"Only one name?that of Sarsfleld."*
-It's not mnch. However?here, Ale*
jandro." He called in a police inspector,
to whom he gave a few brief instructions
in Spanish, and the man immediately left
the room. "Come back, Mr.?Mt. Leslie,
this afternoon. We will have the certificate
for you. Meanwhile, you may like
to see something of the Bock, the galle- 1
Ties, and bo forth. I will give yon a per1
sit. You will get a guide at your hotel,
r And I was bowed out, having done
more in five minutes than in a whole day
* at Cadiz.
I returned to the police station at 3
! o'clock, and was admitted at once.
"Ah, good-afternoon. This is what I
you want, Ithmfc." And the magistrate
promptly handed mo a slip of paper,
which proved to be a certified extract
from the marriage register of the English
cathedral at Gibraltar, and which
recorded the marriage of one Peter Sarsfield,
of the firm of Cooich & Izqnierdo,
of Cadiz and Havana, with Anna, daughter
of the late Lucas Garcia, of Cadiz.
"Cooch.!" Mv eve caught the name directly.
Here was positive evidence of
some connection between the two men at
last. The name Yriarte had assumed
was that of a member of the firm to
which Mr. Sarsfield belonged; the Bailor
had probably been employed by the
merchant, had commanded a ship of his,
the Dos Hermanos, possibly; perhaps
during that time had acquired some hold
? -* ?uu. ? -cr-ot
?JUU, X .VtUB gCbllUg v/u iuu lUDt. uaoij
deduction again; I must verify these assumptions
before reasoning from them,
and to do that I must return to Cadiz.
With that I rose to take my leave of
There was nothing now to detain me
in Gibraltar, much to draw me back to
Cadiz. How could I soonest return
I heard at my hotel that an American
man-of-war was in the bay on the point
of starting for Cadiz. Without hesitation
I gathered my traps together arid
went off in a shore-boat to ask passage.
The Captain, to whom I sent my card,
received me on the quarter-dock, but
politely yet firmly refused my request,
"A United States ship is not a Cunarder,
sir. Guess you'll have to apply somewhere
I explained that only the extreme
urgency of my case, the paramount importance
of my returning speedily to
Cadiz, would have induced me to intrude.
"Why are you in such a hurry? Why
don't you a6k your own people?you're a
Britisher, I presume?"
"I should certainly have asked them or
any one, had any other steamer been un
der way for Cadiz; but your snip is tne
only one, and I have ventured to throw
myself on yoar generosity."
"It's very urgent, is it?" asked the Captain,
curiously; "not a case of bolt?a
clean pair of heels?"
I laughed as I assured him that.I did
not belong to Gibralter?that I had "only
visited it on special business, the nature
of which I hinted to him very plainly.
"Detective, eh?a limb of the law?
Well, every good citizen, whatever his
flag, is bound to respect and aid the law.
You may bring your traps aboard."
I thanked Captain Verheyden warmly,
and quickly availed myself ef his permission;
indeed, the civility shown me
did not end here, with the passage so hospitably
accorded, as I was pleased to find
after my return to Cadiz.
DETAILS OF THE DEAD.
Bamon, the guide, reported himself
next morning. His little, round, sallow
face was beaming with delight, and there
was a twinkle of satisfaction in his small,
black, beady eyes.
"Good news, aenor mio.n he began, "I
have heard of our man."
"Of Yriarte? Capital? But how?" I
"One of the crew of the Clavel?a
three-masted xebecque from the Canaries
?by name Bartolomeo Delgado, sailed
with him several voyages to the Havana."
Bartolomeo was brought in, a true type
of the Southern sailor, short, squarely
built, black as a Lascar, in a blue-andwhite
striped jersey thrown open, showing
his brawny, hairy chest, on which
lay a little "Agnus Dei," hanging from a
ribbon round his neck.
He stood silent and stolid till he heard
the chink of the dollars as I counted
them out on the table, and then declared
himself mine body and soul.
"He knew Captain Yriarte?" I asked
"Seguro. Of course; I made many
voyages with him to the Havana in the
Who were the owners? Does he remember?
Ask him that," I went on.
[""Why not? Rich merchants of the
Havana?Cooch <fc Izquierdo."
Again, that name, freBh corroboration;
exactly what I wanted to know.
"And he thinks the ship was lost at
At th:s question the sailor pursed up his
lips sideways and turned out the palms
of his handB, a gesture indicating uttei
ignorance, and said:
"Dioa sabe" (God known). "She nevei
come back to Cadiz."
"The captain did, though, and yon have
seen him, you admit. When and where
The man hesitated; but the money was
not yet his, and I insisted on an answer.
" Yes?here in Cadiz. I think eo, that
is to say."
"In the port?"
"No, at apoaado; a wine-shop on the
wharf, the sign of 'The Salt Codfish,' a
house we sailors use."
"Did you speak to him?"
At first Delgado would not allow that
he had, but when pressed he admitted
that the captain and he had drunk a pint
"And he told you where he had been all
"Away yonder?in the Havana."
"Always in tie Dos Jiermanosr'
"Quien sabe? I Buppose so."
"Till she was lost? Did he tell yon
how it happened? Where?"
"No." This was a lie. I felt 6ure, from
the way in which it was said, "lint he
told me he never meant to go to sea
"Why not? Had he made his fortune?"
"Oh, no; but he had enough to live up.
on. He had good friends, too. They
would not let hini want, he said."
Did this refer to Mr. Sarsfield, and
some contemplated scheme of extortion?
"Friends; relations, I suppose, in Cadiz?
Do you know them? Who are thev?
"His mother lives; but she is certainly
"What is her address?"
"She belongs to Puertocito del Rio, a
village down the coast a few miles."
I promised myself the pleasure of an
early call hpon the Senora Yriarte, but
just now the English mail arrived, and
as they brought me in my letters I dismissed
Bartolomeo, with his reward.
Mr. Smart had written to me a letter,
answering my telegram more at length:
"I had no difficulty in sending you the
information you sought, for just whon it
reached me our friend, Captain Fawcett,
had called, and was sitting with me. He
had come to put me on guard, he said."
Fawcett volunteering assistance to the
police, I thonght to myself. How strange I
"He is not wrapped up in you, I fiud.
You will probably think you know why.
Yes, he suspectB yon of having set the
girl against' bim, of baring cut bim out
with her; but he suspects, or pretends to
Buspect, you of more than that. Do you
know, Mr. Leslie, he almost persuaded
me? I "began to think we were pretty
flats to let you get awny to Spain. It was
be who first reminded me that we bad no
extradition treaty with that country."
j The scoundrel! Does he dare to ocI
"I was wondering whether you had
pone there on purpose to give us the slip
when your telegram arrived, and I felt I
wns near doing you an injustice. Was it
probable you would wire to me like that
if you were not acting on the square?
But this.Fawcett is a clever, artful chap,
1 enn tell you; and he put the case very
well. Why had you made yourself bo
buBy, why so anxious to help us run in
the criminal?puttiDg us on the track first
of this person, then that, and all wrongly?except
to divert suspicions from yourself?
Why had you been so fieroe against
Mr. Sarstield? Why threaten him "
I started as I read this part of the letter.
"Why threaten bim with anonymous
letters, givinc bim such a shock and oer*
Becntmg tbe poor man till he had a fit,
and was almost (riven up for dead?"
I had here the clew to the coutents of
that letter which had snch an efiEeet upon
Mr. Sarsfield. aud which I had seen l ance
tt snatch from his fingers and read. It
was clearly an attempt at extortion, a
threat of exposure, a resolve to make
public some facts known to the writer
and dangerously compromising to Mr.
Who could be the writer?
Only one person?Cornell's.
I was now more than ever convinced
that the waiter was an important witness
in this case; that he Knew more about it
and Mr. Sarsfield's connection with it
than any of us. He mast be found and
compelled to Bpeak somehow, by fair
means or foul; to that I had quite made
jar. smart's letter aid not tell me much
more. He said that Mr. Sarsfield had
been very ill?be had rtaa some seizure, u
was supposed?bat at any rate he had
not left his room since his fall, and that
little had been seen of the ladies. Fortunately
Captain Fawcett had paid his
visit to the police office, and had answered
my question as to Mr. Sarsheld's
faith; otherwise I should not have heard
Bamon came to b? by appointment that
afternoon, and we took the train together
to within a mile of the village Puertocito
del Bio, where I was told the dead man's
It was only a small place, half a dozen
whitewashed huts lying at the mouth of a
'' 'earn vith_flatL.sandv banks.
' "Qu.itn. es?" (Who is it?) aBkedan aged,
quavering voice from inside the hut they
told us belonged to the abuela (grandmother)
We entered the hut, a mere hovel, with
a circular strip of matting on the sandy
door, a table and one or two cane-bottomed
chairs the only furniture.
The occupant was in keeping with her
house; an old, very aged woman she looked,
with her shriveled, parchment-like
skin, her straggling, snow-white elf locks,
toothless gums and pointed ohin. She
seemed half crazed, yet there was still lire
in her dark, wandering eyes, fierceness in
the well-developed beard andmustachios,
and she spoke in the deep bass of a vigor*
"Who are you? What brings you hith
er?" she asked, moat nngraciously.
Ramon replied with the utmost sweetness:
"We came, madam, to inquire for your
worship's son. Can you give us news of
"I cannot. He iB not here. Begone."
"But you saw him lately, I think? He
visited your ladyship not many weeks
/May not a son come to his mother's
hoose without furnishing gossip for every
evil tongue? Was it strange ne should
return after all these years of absence? I
mourned him as dead ?she said this to
herself?"dead, my only son."
"He was shipwrecked, I think?" went
on Ramon, Beeking to bring her back to
"T>id tflll von ?o? Thev lied. He
was in trouble, terrible trouble. They
kept him from me by force. He was accused,
convicted. But he was not to
blame, sot alone," she repeated more
than once, "and those that made him
suffer shall pay for it; yes, they shall pay.
"We shall be rich, veiy rich."
She leaned her skinny lingers on Ramon's
sleeve, as with deep impressive*
nesB she whispered these words, which he
quickly translated to me.
"What has he done? Ask her that," I
hurriadly told Ramon.
"Let him tell you," was her answer "I
will not, not till he gives me leave."
"You may not see him for some time."
It was thus I sought .to. break to he.rthe
news or nls awful death,"news that couia
have hardly reached her yet.
"He is coming to me soon, soon, to
take me away from here, from this hovel,
these rags; he will give me a big house
on the sea-wall at Cadiz, and I shall never
soil my fingers or weary my limbs with
work again. I shall be rich! I shall have
gold, gold! He is coming soon."
"You are mistaken, seuora."
"He sent, himself, to tell me so," she
criea, angmy inioirapiiug. xijo ucodcuger
was here only a few days ago, the
man he sent for his sea-trunk."
A message from the dead, from beyond
the grave! Impossible! Some one, per- (
haps, that Yriarte had commissioned beforo
the fonl blow was strnck? This was
my first thought; bnt a second told me I
was probably wrong.
[TO BE CONTINUED.!
Method of an Indolent Judge.
, "Several years ago, before the old district
courts were done away with," said
J. C. Campbell to a San. Francisco Call
ireporter, "there was an old gentleman
(occupying the bench in the old Fifth
[District who was exceedingly indolent,
,and during his term of office he allowed
jthe business of the court to fall behind.
|At last he died, acid as his successor a
!man was choosen who was celebrated
I , , - . , ,
UiiJeuy OS uu iuvciciaic wuav.v,u*vuvn^t
and whose knowledge of the law was
extremely small. When he took the oath
of office he inquired into the condition
of the calendar, and when he learned
how great was the number of cases
awaiting decision he immediately ordered
the clerks to lay all the papers before
him. They were accordingly carried
into the court-room and the newly
elected Judge eyed them sharply for several
minutes. Reaching over, he grasped
the first one that came to his hand, and
said: 'This one is decided for the defendant.'
"Another -vas taken, and laying it
aside by itself, he remarked: 'And this
one I give to the plaintiff.'
"In this way ho disposed of every case
on the calendar, giving every other verdict
to the defendant and the other to
the plaintiff. Strange as it may seem, it
is still claimed in the old districts that the
verdicts thus rendered were the most
equitable ever delivered there, either be
tore or since."
A Child's Breathing and Palse.
An infant in a perfectly healthy condition
should sleep twenty out of the
twenty-four hours. In is very useful to
inform your doctor, in order to fix the
period of the commencement of an illness,
when the child first had broken
rest. The breathing rytbtn of a child
from one to three years of age should be
twenty-four to thirty-six per minute,and
such breathing should be diaphragmatic;
that Is, the breathing should be noticed
from that part where the chest is separated
from the abdomen.
In ordinary breathing there shoqld bo
no drawing up of the chest walls, otherwise
this would indicate mechanical impediment
to the entrance of air into the
lungs. This will be noticed in croup,in
sobbing and in disease of the lungs.?
Jfev> York Commercial Advertiter.
A woman has sued her husband for
divorce, alleging that he made her
eat at a 15-cent restaurant in Kansas
City. Surely she has no right to complain
of her diet when she took him
for better or for wurst.
Before he killed himself Boulanger
considerately discharged all of his
debts, but he overlooked the author
of "The Boulanger March."
THE STONE AGE.
KENTUCKY RICH IN PREHISTORIC
Various Implements of War and Domestic
Use Found?Evidence ol
the Ingenuity and Skill of the
Kentucky, it is said, is more prolific
in Indian relics than any other State in
the Union, though it was inhabited by
the redskins as little as any of her sister
States or Territories. The land, however.
which is now comprised in the
border of tho State, says the CourierJournal',
seems to have been a common
camping gTound tor tribes in their wanderings
from the North to the South and
from the East to the West. That it was
a common hunting ground there is no
doubt, and its territory was constantly
turned into a battle-field for the warring
tribes. From the battles fought on its
hills and the dread marches on the river's
borders it came to be known as a dark
and bloody ground, whose waters were
red with Mood and whole forests were
tilled with angry spirits.
TRIBAL COP OP STATE.
As tribes camped and decamped, and
mound-buildsrs moved from hill to hill
and Territory to Territory, each lef: witnesses
of its life and relics of its customs.
It is only within the past few years- that
the historian has turned to these dumb
witnesses for facts and traced the history
of a tribe by the special implements it
used. From the fact that axes, arrowheads
and pipes, made of granite belonging
exclusively to Wisconsin, are found
along the borders of the Licking River,
prove conclusively that the Northwestern
inDes at one ume or anotaer passeu uvcr
the land of "Kantuckee." There are
several good collections of Indian relics
in the State, but the finest is that owned
by Colonel Bennett H. Young. It is
made up conclusively of implements
found within the borders of the State,
and is composed of over 15,000 pieces.
The most commom implement
among the Indians was the axe, and
more of them, with the exception of the 1
arrowheads, remain . than any other implement
known to them. There have
been only two different types of axes
found in this State, but each type has
such marked peculiarities as to ?how
that each had its own special function in
the daily life of the Indian, and was used
for entirely different purposes. The
shanes of the axes seemed to haye been
conventionalized, and were common to
all tribes, but the stone from which they
are made denotes the part of the country
in which they were cut and the character
of the Indians that made them. The
axes, which were made of Kentucky
stone and by the local tribes are found
in a more perfect state along the borders
of streams. As a rule, those in the interior
are smaller in size and of rougher
finish. Whpn axes of foreign tribes aro
found they can be traced from one section
of the State to another with a uniform
system, showing that the tribes
from the sea entered in regular paths.
The superstition is that many tribes
whose implements are found came into
the interior for salt. Axes and pipes are
found made of the Wisconsin granite,
showing clearly that the Sacs and Foxes
of that Territory on'co camped in this
State, or else that the tribes interchanged
their commodities for use, either in war
In Colonel Young's collection there
are over 400 axes and no two arc of the
same shape, showing that each Indian
must have been his own axe maker.
11 IF \
1. GR00VELES3 AXE. 2. GROOVED AXE.
3. GROOVED FLAT AXE.
Those which have been found in this
State are- made principally of granite,
some of gray limestone arid some of
sandstone. Those made of sandstone
were used exclusively for waT
implements. There are two types
of axes, the groove and the groovcless axe.
What is known as the grooved axe has a
slot cut all around it, in which the sapt
.ing was placed and tied with fresh rawhides.
In this way they made their axe
handles. The grooveless axe is raado
without the depression on the sides.
There arc two remarkable specimens of
these axes, and both were found in adjoining
counties. The grooved axe was
dug out of amine in Boone County. The
groove is one and one-half inches in
width and passes almost entirely around
the axe. The axe itself is twelve inches
in length, twelve inches round the centre,
and ten inches around the portion in
which the groove is cut. The ungrooved
axe belongs to an earlier period, and
shows a total lack of polish. It is hat
at one end and broadens out toward tiie
edge. Some of them are made with
great care, both in selection of stone ami
in the style of edge as iu shape of the
axe. Most of them are made round at
the top, about one in every hundred
found being square. The axes used in
war were made with a dull ed^e, while
those for domestic purpose* were made
much sharper, with an edge sufficient to
cut wood. The battle-axe is generally
found round. Some of them have double
heads, the upper part having a cone-like
projection to it. These were used exrl''pirp1r
' * i- rA>rJ"Kr
The axe was used chiefly by the Indians
in building their "dug outs," or
canoes. They charred the wood and
then dug it out with their axes. One
axe found at the birthplace of Abraham
Lincoln, fifty years ago, is made seemingly
of red stone, which seems permeated
with red ochre, and marks like red
lead pencil. There is considerable specu- '
lation as to what the three-ounce axes
were used for, and the latest theory is
that they were either made by children,
or for the Indian children, by the
squaws, as toys. The work on them is
of a much more fine quality than that
on the larger ones, and they are invariably
made of flint. In the collection
are two axes, one of which was found
in Daviess County and the other in Muh
ienourg, mat nave undergone some
chemical change, and are as light as
cork. One of these axes which has lost
its weight is peculiar in shape and perfectly
smooth in finish. The axes were
made with flint instruments, some of
which have been found, but very few of
them remain in the whole state. The
most peculiar specimens extant in- this
State, and which are in Colonel Young's
collection, are two, found in Wolfe and
Madison Counties. They seemed to have
been cut from soft sandstone, and covered
with a brown enamel. There is
another theory which is more generally
accepted to be correct, however, which
is that they laid so long in a chalybeate
stream as to become impregnated with
The next implement in importance to
the axe was the "flesher," or what is
technically termed as celt, an implement
used in skinning buffalo and other animals
which were killed during the hunt.
They were also used in rubbing the skins
while being tanned. The "fleshers" are
made principally from green granite or
flint and rarely from limestone.
Next to building the canoes and skinning
hi3 buffalo, the implement used for
grinding his maize and corn was of chief
importance to an Indian or mound
builder. A number of pestles and mortars
have been found, and in Colonel
I 1. WARRIOR'S RATTLE-AXE. 2. DOMESTIC
Young's collection there are some rare
and valuable specimens. The pestles are
found in almost every conceivable shape,
and in a great many varieties of stone,
but the best and most used are made from
granite. One of the moat perfect which
has been found was dug out of a mound
in Bourbon County. It has a flat base,
twelve inches around and four inches
across. The handle is ten inches long,
?. ? -3 ~ 1 nrViAWA fV\ /l kand rvTCOnQ I
UUU nil IUC puiuil TTUC1Q luo uauu fjiuuj,-i
it it is six inches round, tapering to a
sharp point. One of the most ingeniously
shaped mortars was found in a
stream in Western Kentucky. It is
made of granite. It is ten inches long 1
and seven inches wide,and the depression
in which the corn was ground is two
inches deep. The sides are carved so
tnat it could be held between the knees
securely. Some of them are found made
of thin stone, with cavities on both sides.
These were supposed to have been used
for grinding two kinds of peppers, roots
' or seeds, when they did not want to get
the flavors mixed.
It is estimated that an energetic
Indian, or mound-builder, could make
from four to five axes or spear-heads, in
a year, it requiring a much longer timr
to shape a pestle or a pipe. A pipe ha)
been found of such wonderful workmanship
that it is believed bj specialists thai
mauy years?and in some cades a lifetimi
?were required to have made it.
The Story of a Blossom.
It was on Tremont street. A woman,
poorly dressed, chanced to espy a pink
carnation on the sidewalk. It was near
the corner of Winter and Washington
streets, which, as everybody knows, is
in a state of blockade the greater part of
the day. The dense mass of people was
hurrying past as rapidly as possible, but
the old woman stood her ground, and
although buffeted and jostled roughly by
the crowd, finally succeeded in rescuing
the trampled flower and passed on, inhaling
its fragrance with an almost eager
pleasure. The seamed and wrinkled face
was flighted by a gleam that was infinitely
more sad than tears.?Boston Adver
Dancing In the Barn.
Rooster?"Can I have the pleasure of
the next dance with you?"
Hen?"Sorry to refuse, Billy, but I'm
engaged for thi9 set."
Tin intermnrriacrc with colored people
the Marshpee Indians in Massachusetts
have increased to about 490. They occupy
h reservation on the shore of the
lake in Marshpee, called Malshpi by
Cape Cod folk. Catachuit, the chief of
"the tribe, is the postmaster, and an Indian
boy carries the mail to and from
Sandwich. Three islands in the lake
nre owned by a fishing club of which
Qrover Cleveland, Joe Jefferaon; 11. W.
Gilder, Alexander Wood, of Boston, and
C. B. Jefferson aro members.
The colony of Sierra Leone is 103
years old, yet there is no machinery there
except the sewing machine. The population
is upwards of 50,000, and not a
saw-mill nor any other kind of mill in
J i -i N . jcijii'&iC i ?
"the sacred city.
>A PLACE WHERE PEOPLE PRAY
, BY MACHINERY.
The Mongolian Settlement of Ourga?
An Immense Idol?The Queer
Prayer Wheels and
Onrga, the sacred city, or, as it is
called by the Mongolians, "Bogdo Kurene"?which
means the settlement of
the Bogdo?though it contains nearly
fifteen-thousand inhabitants, cannot, even
by the wildest stretch of the imagination,
be called a city with any architectural
pretensions to beauty.
With the exception of the Chinese
portions of it, only a small part, its
streets consist of mere rows of high
wooden palisades, which enclose the
space in the centre of which is erected
the inevitable "yourt," for so nomadic
is the Mongol by nature that, even when
settled here in the capital, his old instincts
compel him to continue dwelling
in his original tent. The effect, therefore,
of these long monotonous rows of
rougn logs, reuevea at regular intervals
by tall wooden doors, all exactly of the
same pattern, is indescribably dreary;
and were it not for the two or three
large open spaces where the bazar is
daily held, there would be but little to
see, for Ourga has but few "lions;"
there is really only one building of any
pretension in the place, and that is the
large wooden Buddhist temple which
enshrines the huge gilt-bronze figure
dedicated to the apostle "Maidha."
Either the Mongols don't know or won't
tell?most probably the former; but, at
any rate, I was unable to find out anything
about the mysterious figure, or how
or when the immense mass of metal was
brought to the Desert city.
It is certainly not less than forty feet
in height, and is In the familiar seated
position in which Buddha is always represented.
The body aind extremities of
this immense figure are draped in yellow
silk, and are almost lost in the surrounding
obscurity; but the face itself, which
is surmounted by a majestic crown, is
lighted up by a hidden window in front
of it; so it stands out in foreshortened
.relief against the darkness of the dome,
which gives it a certain weird appear jance
that is somewhat increased by the
?yes being painted a natural color.
Still, Ourga is most interesting, representing
as it does one of the standpoints
of the Mongol Buddhist faith, and
.the capital of * fast disappearing nation;
for here is the abode of that most holy of
'holy personages, the ((Bogdo of Kurene,"
and long and weary are the pilgrimages
frequently made by devout
Mongols for a glimpse of this mysterious
Among the principal features of Ourga
are the 'prayer-wheels," which are
placed for public use in most of the big
open spaces. These wheels, or rather
hollow wooden cylinders, are placed under
cover of rough wooden sheds, and
present at first sight a very curious apI
pearance. Most of them are covered
with Tibetan inscriptions; an are completely
filled with prayers written on
pieces of paper.
In order to pray, all that is nesessary
^?beyond, of course, a sincere faith in
what you are doing?is to walk round
and round, inside the shed, and turn the
cylinder with you; the more it turns the
better. Many of the old people, while
operating the large wheel with one
hand, at thesatre time diligently turn a
small portable one with the other. Many
of the wheels were very large, so that
several people could pray together; but
most of them were small, and evidently
were only used for private communion,
the sheds in many instances being decorated
with odds and ends of silk and
bits of rags, intended as offerings to
Apart from the wheels are the "prayer-boards,"
also placed for public -ae in
various parts of the city, and on which
are continually to be seen prostrate figures
lying on their faces, and thus litsr
ally humbling themselves to the very
dust. From a little distance, these
boards present a very ludicrous appearance,
which so reminded me of the
familiar spring-board in a swimming
bath that I never pass them without an
inward grin?if you can imagine what
that is?for any outward sign of mirth at
the strange proceedings would probably
get me into trouble. The whole action
of the people using them was exactly
like that of a person preparing to make
a run along the board aad take a
"header" rather than a prelude to a devotional
I don't think I was ever in a more
strangely religiou3 place than Ourga.
Everywhere, at the most unexpected
places, at all times, one often saw people
throwing themselves suddenly face
downward, full length on the ground,
aaying their prayers, just as the lit took
them, I suppose, these curious proceedings
attracting no attention.
Many a time I have been riding quietly
along, when all of a sudden my horse
would be made to swerve violently by
tome hideous old man or woman, who
was seized just in front of his feet. And
their devotions do j. od here, for every
"yourt," however h^. , not only contains
a family wheel, but is decorated
outside with innumerable prayer-flags, or
rather bits of rag, tied onto strings suspended
from poles all around the
palisades. Till I was informed what
they were, I took them for bird-scares,
for they could not, even by the wildest
itretch of the imagination, be taken for
If the Mongols were only 3 quarter as
industrious in ordinary everyday pursuits
is they are in their religion, the Chinese
would not, as they do, monopolize all
the trade of the country, while its in
habitants sit about twining their prayerwheels
quite content if they only earn
enough to keep them from day to (lay.
Haynes Thomas, the Broad street
colored man, who is famous for collecting
curious animals, birds, etc., has now
? collection which he will send to the
Piodmont Exposition in Atlanta. Haynes
has a three-logged turkey, the third leg
growing out of the right leg. He also
a&s a snake twenty inchcs in circumference
and eight and a half feet long. It
[s a Mexican striper. An opossum,
trained to do almost anything, is also in
bis menagerie.?Borne (Qa.) Tribune.
Two hundred and fifty thousand boxes
of oranges will be grown upon Louisiana
orange groves this year. Eighty-five
thousand trees will bear the crop.
"Grave Telling" In China*
The queerest industry in the ghostly
line in China is "grave telling," write*
"William E. S. Fales, the Chinese expert
now in the Orient. When the averagtf
Mongolian reaches manhood's estate one
of his first ambitions is to have a nice
and comfortable grave. The momenf
he has the requisite cash he consults one
or more "grave-tellers." These are oW
scholars, whose scholarship has not been
appreciated by the public at large, o*
who have fallen from grace by gambling,
opium smoking or gther vices, and who
earn a precarious living from astrology*
clairvoyance and similar "supernatural"
sciences. The philosopher, after receive
intr a fan wTinHp Amount is nronnrtionfll
to the wealth of his client, consnlts hi*
mystic books, draws an incomprehensible
diagram with points and stfaight
lines and announces the day on whicl^
it will be fungsuey (good luck) to visit
certain cemeteries and burial sites.
The day arrived, the parties are out
hand, na matter what tricks the weather ^
may play. I have seen them in a rocky
pass where the thermometer was 125 degrees
and in a marsh knee deep in mod
when the rain was an ice-cold deluge.
They come dressed in their best clothes,
newly washed and shaven. "The gravetellers"
are equipped with books, dia4
grams, paper and a forked rod, strangely)
resembling the divining-rod with which
our ancestors songht springs and veins
of ore. The search begins with prayer^
and then comes a weary walk and taUr,
sometimes lasting hoars. The site w
finally picked out. Often two or three)
sites are selected, so that in case the use)
of one is prevented by unforeseen cir-j
cumstances another one will be readyi
The client arranges With the owner off
the land and the authorities, end is tbex^
prepared to die in peace. The practice*
is universal and as old as Chinese civil
tion. Its influence upon the people i*
something tremendous.?Chicago BercML
Dying, He Thought of His Fiddle.
"I was in the terrible wreck on the?
-West Shore road a few weeks ago,"saiff /
a gentleman at Chamberlin's to a Wash-t
ington Pott man, "in which sixteea
peoplo were killed and about thirty
injured. The honors of the ghastto
occurrence will never fade from mjr
memory. Yet, amid all the scenes ai
anguish?the distorted faces of the dead
and the groins of the wounded-.?an in*
cident came under my notice that mad*
me laugh in spito af the grewsome surroundings.
"I was working for dear life to extricate
from the wreck a ycang fellow
who belonged to the orchestra of
traveling show. He was pinioned by;
heavy timbers, ana wnen taiten out was
writhing in agony, as most any m**
would be whose leg was fractured ia
three places. His body was constractedi
by successive cramps, but he did not
murmur. I thought his hours on earth
"He motioned me to bend near hiny
which I did, thinking he had some last
message he wanted conveyed to his wife *
or sweetheart. The tiamefc from the
cars, that had taken fire shortly after
the accident, shed a sickly light over
the poor fellow's pallid face. His hero- > [!
ism touched me deeply and my heart
went out to him.
" 'What can I do for you?' I whispered.
'Is there any word you wish ' &
sent to your family?'
" 'Friend.' be answered softly, 4wonV . :v
you please .hurry into that car yonder
and^ get my fiddle before it burns up? It*
is an old Cremona and I can t afford to ' />'
lose it."' *
A Pet Turtle.
In the town of Patten, Me., a place ' \
distant from, tide-water over ninety
miles, there is a great eurosity, known
as the "turtle's nest." For fifty-two _ ;
years a turtle has come annually to thej V;
nest to deposit her eg;rs. Over half'
a century ago she selected her nest, then /
in an open field, but now in a yard in;
front of a residence. A relative of the
owner of the house branded the date,.
1841, upon the turtle's back and it can
be plainly traced now. She cornea
about the same date each year, and her firstf
few days are passed in inspecting the "
ancient nest, tbe yard ana surroundings.
Later she digs a hole in the ground and
there deposits her eggs, but as many
were carried away and the others often >
disturbed, only about a dozen of
the eggs hatched out. The owner of
the house has ten of the little turtles,
none more than twicc the size of a postage
stamp. The old turtle always
departs after laying the eggs, the warm
sand and suu serving as an incubator.
This turtle has been seen at the Drew
Deadwater, on the Matawamkeag River,
fully fifty milea away from the nest* 4
Her weight varies from thirty to thirty-;
five pounds, and it is said she was large
when branded as she is now. Each
June she comes to Patten and is always*
welcomed by old and young. ?St. Lunik
Safe-Makers Versus Burglars.
They are manufacturing a steel vault
in New York which will successfully resist
the tools of the burglars. That is,.
it will offer more resistance than anything
of the kind now on the market.
,(Itisa race bat ween the manufacturer,
and the burglar," said a manmacturer,
"and the manufacturer is always a good'
distance ahead. An ordinary burglar- '*
proof safe is supposed to be proof against
the operations of a burglar from Saturday
afternoon to Monday morning. If it
wen't stand that it isn't a burglar-proof
safe. But give a burglar time enough?
two or three daya, or two or three weeks
?without interruption and he'll manage
to get into any safe. So with that steel
vault. No burglars ever lived who could
get into that vault in a week unless ihey
were permitted to work openly and allowed
plenty of necessary tools. But a
vault must also present reasonable defense
against a mob. The millions of
dollars cash and securities that will be
stored in such a vault would be the firet
objcct of attack from a mob. But when
a mob can hold pos&e<sion of a city long
enough to enable anybody to crack that
steel vault, tho city is gone?there won't
be anything eUe left worth having."?
A Beautiful tfold Fern Leaf.
The largest specimen of leaf or fern
gold ever seen was found near Walla
Walla, Washington. It is valued at $300
for the gold in it alone, but to-day
five times that amount would not purchase
it. The delicate tracery of the
fern is as fresh, beautiful and crystalline
in appearance as e?er nature turned out
of her laboratory, and it is fully a foot
square.?flew Orltant Democrat,
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?* --ISl'dV. _ .at * , . , *