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PKBDMiTIC 61 TESTS.
DYNAMITE FIRED A MILE
AND A HALF.
Where the Projectile,Which Weighed
Over Haifa Ton, Struck, ao Acre
of Water Rose Over a Hundred.
Feet in the Air and Shook Sandy
Hook (N. J.) Trying Grounds.
A flfteen-incb, full-calibre projectile, containing
500 pounds of niiro-gelatine, one of
the strongest of explosives, and weighing
1160 pounds, was fired 2403 yards, or about
one and a half miles to sea, from a pneumatic
gun at Sandy Hook, N. J. The
cap in the end of the projectile had
been Bet to explode two seconds after the
cartridge struct the water, and in that time
It was figured that the gigantic affair would
rink at least eighteen feet from the surface.
For a moment after a thin stream of spray
told the watchers at Sandy Hook that the
projectile had struck the water there was a
Then a low roar could be heard, and a
second later the earth fairly trambled, as
the army experts and the men who spent
nearly a million dollars in perfecting the
pneumatic gun saw a full acre of water riso
In a solid column to a height estimated at
anywhere from one hundred to three
' hundred leet, and then slowly fall
back again. For three minute"? after the explosion
the air over the spot where the projectile
struck was filled with spray, and ten
minutes after the haze had disappeared the
water, for a half mile around, was one mass
ox seetning loam.
The experiment was only one of flvs made
before the members of the Board of Ordnance
and of ttie Board of Fortifications of
the United States Army, but it was the most
Important one; in fact, it was the most important
experiment of its kind ever before
attempted in this country, and the success
which attended it will probably result in
the acceptance by the United States Government
of the three enormous pneumatic
guns now on Sandy Hoot, which were contracted
for by the Government and which
were built by the Pneumatio Gun and Tork.
pedo Construction Company. No one else
has ev>r dared to attempt to explode 500
poun.ts of dynamite, either from a gun or in
any other way, and this experiment marks
the beginning of a new era in the history of
The wonderful mechanism of the pneu- >
matio guns fairly delighted the soientiflo
men. Only two of the three were used, but
both worked with wonderful precision. The
guns are worked entirely by electricity, and
as the name implies the power to send the
enormous projectiles is pained from compressed
air. The guns and gun oarriages
wei^h together fifty-two tons and are set in
a depressed foundation. Beside tho
gun is a little stand 0.1 which
the man who works th? weapon
stands. By means of two cranks find a lever
he gains complete control of the enormous
miss of iron and steel, and with one twist of
one of the former can send the entire gun,
carriage and all, noiselessly and smoothly
around a complete oircle, in flfty-two seeon
Is. Another crank will set the gun proper
ar any angle, while a twist of the lever
rele ises the compressed air and sends the
projectile flying into space.
; Aw Sandy Hook they have engines constantly
generating compressed air and
storing It in cellars under the guns. Pipes
connect with the storage cellars, and when
the lever is pulled as much compressed air
as it has previously been arranged to use is
liberated. It rushes into the cannon back of
th* projectile and the expansion furnishes
th^ torce. The gun is run on a mathematical
basis; and the inventors say that
they can drop a projectile within a very few
yards of any given point within the range of
the gun. They can figure exactly just bow
much compressed air they mu3t liberate in
order to send a projectile of a oertain weight
anv irivpn distanoe. In all of the tests Mr.
Creelman and Captain Rapleff succeeded In
dropping the projectiles within a very short
distance of where they said they would.
A striking feature of the new gun is the
absence of smoke and of the proverbial
"belohingof flame" from the cannon's moutb,
while in place of the long drawn out
"boom-m-rn!" of the regulation heavy gua
there is a low, hissing sound when the lever
is pulled, which grows in volume until it
suddenly ends up in a deafening report. It
is, however, not nearly so destructive to tho
nerves as the roar of the ordinary cannon.
All of the projectiles can be seen
as they leave the gun, and can
easily be followed with the eya
as they go flying through the air. On a
clear day anyone possessed of a fairly good
pair of eyes can lollow the course of tha
projectile from the moment it leaves the
cannon until it strikes the water and explodes.
The projectiles are fitted out witl
propeller blades, which keep them in theii
course, and the smaller ones are made to lit
the bors of the gun by being enctwed at
either end with wooden irames, which drop
out as soon as the gun is discharged.
THE LABOR WORLD.
Ltnk (Mass.) has a "labor ohurch."
Gebmaxi has 10,349 union bricklayers.
Londo* has 15,000 liconsed cab drivers.
Oakland (CaL) newsboys have a union.
Louisville has a terpslohorean union.
Ihonwood (Mich.) miners lost their striken
Eattmoue machinists talk of co-operation.
Washington State is importing colored
Amalgamated carpenters have $364,000 in
Bbote2bhood carpenters meet at Indian*
polls September 7.
Ax Aspen (Col.) man shot his employer
lor not paying wages.
A union of egg candlers, handlers and
testers ras organized.
Wobx Is difficult to be obtained In the
harness making Industry.
, Louisville barbers will test the constitutionality
of the Sunday closing law.
Thx Mayor of St. Louts welcomed the
fourth annual plumbers' convention.
0he of the blgge3t firms employing Michigan
convicts has decided to abandon the
Minogk (111.) miners get seventy-five cents
per ton tor summer and 82>? cents for winter
Pittbbubg offlajals of the United Mine
Workers hint that another national ooal
strike will be ordered.
On the ruins of the Switchmen's Mutual
Aid Association members of the Railway
Yardmen's Union are striving to build up a
The packing house men of Kansas City,
Mo., are forming a labor organization on
lines similar to those on which the Amerioan
Railway Union was formed.
Db. J. S. Haldane, of London, has Invented
an apparatus enabling a miner to live
trom one to three hours In Are damp. It is
a steal case using compressed air.
Striking street-oar employes at Youngstown,
Ohio, have secured hacks and are
carrying passengers on the -streets covered
by the street cars at the latter's rate of fare.
Figubes compiled by railway offlolals show
that more than 7000 railroad employes who
quit work in Chicago during the recent
strike are Btlll Idle, their places having been
filled by new men, many of whom were
brought from other cities.
One hundred and thirty railway em
ployes struck for higher wages oil account
of the great rise in temperature in the city of
Odessa. The Russian railways being controlled
by the 8tate, all that was necessary to
end the strike was for the City Governor to
call upon the police and drive the strikers
back to work.
An agitation Is progressing at present
among the furniture-workers, cabinetmakers
and carpenters, whose object is t<r
amalgamate all wood-workers of this country
into one international organization, to
comprise the United Brotherhood of Carpenters
and Joiners, International FurnitureWorkers'
Union, International Maohino
Wood-Workers' Union and the National and
International Piano-Makers' Union*
0. W. Whilet, Jr., United States Consul
at St. Etlene, France, says that throughout
France, the harvest outlook is very encouraging.
The hay orop Is very heavy and of
ezoellent quality. The j .ice per ton has
fallen one-half. The cereal crop U reported
THE NEWS EPITOMIZED,
Eastern and Middle States.
fredebtcic Bergjiaxk was murdered la
his shanty in South Beach. N. Y. Hta
father-in-law, Thomas Burko, i3 accused of
arrantriner a loaded 9hotgun by means of
strings and pulleys so that it was discharged
into Burke's side when he was lured to en*
ter a door.
Bank Exaxiveb William Milleb committed
suicide at Altoona, Penn., after two
weeks' labor on the accounts of a suspended
President OutratAXD arrived safely at
Gray Gables, B'^-y d*3 Bay, Mas3.
The dynamite gnn tests were continued
with satisfactory results at Sandy Hook, N. J.
The passage of the Tariff bill bv the House
and the declaration of the usual dividend on
Burlington and Quincy led to increased
activity at the Stock Exchange, New York
City. A material advance in prices ensued.
The banks gained $803,800 fn surplus reserve.
The clipper ship General Knox, of
Thomaston, Me., partly iaden with oil, wa3
imrnAr? nn nt hop fjosk. New York Cltv. Loss I
Thomas Hewitt, of Kearny, N. J., iu a fit
of insanity, inflicted frightful knife wounds
upon his wife and the latter's brother, Frederick
Purceil, and plunged through a window
and died of a fractured skulL
South and West.
The Texas Democratio Convention, at
Dallas, endorsed the national platform and
the present administration. Ex-Senator
John H. Reagan withdraw his name from
the race for Governor, as did also John D.
McCail. The result of the first ballot was:
Culberson, 563 ;Lanham, 201.
Jim Fltjkder, colored, was found hanging
to a tree about three-quarters of a mile from
the town of Ouachita City, Union parish,
La. Dangling irom his legs was this placard:
"Fair warning to parties goinj? into people's
houses after night, and to those breaking
into white ladies' rooms." Flunder had a
bad reputation as a sneak thief.
The Northwetf Fair, to be held in Taeoma,
Wash., from August 5 to November 1,
was informally opened with appropriate exercises.
Five thousand persons were present.
Oscab Lattbix, aged thirty-two, and Ada
Wickman, aged fifteen, members of a party
at Long Lake, near Minneapolis, Minn.,
were drowned by the capsizing of a boat.
The State Convention of the Tillmanite,
or Reform, faction of the Democrats wag
held at Columbia, S. C. The straight-out
Democrats had no voice In electing the dalegates.
The convention nominated John
Gary Evans for Governor, and Dr. Timmerman,
The Populists and Labor parties in Ohio
formed a coalition.
The Idaho Democratic State Convention at
Boise City made the following nominations:
For Governor, ex-Governor E. A. Stevenson;
for Congress, James M. Ballentlne; for Lieutenant-Governor,
John B. Thatcher; for
Treasurer, James H. Bush; for Aadltor,
James Stoddard; for Surrogate, Judge J.
Axix trotted three heats at Terre Haute,
Ind., at an average of 2.05%f doing the last
heat in 2.05>?, which Is a new world's record.
Bio gold discoveries are reported in New
Another South Carolina Judge declared
Tillman's Dispensary act unconstitutional.
Mas. B. F. Mormon, of Monett, Mo., gav?
birth to four childron, three being girls aad
one a boy, the combined weight of whom
was sixteen pounds.
The Rouse Foreign Affairs Committee
adopted a joint resolution congratulatlngtfcw
Republic of Hawaii.
President Cleveland left Washington to
spend a few days at Buzzard's Bay. Mass.,
in the hope of getting rid of an attack of
The President has signed the act making
appropriations for current ani contingent
expenses of the Indian Department and fulfilling
treaty stipulations with various Indian
tribes for the fiscal year ending June 30,
An Appropriation Committee statement
shows that nearly $29,000,000 reduction In
Government expenses has been made by the
The Treasury Department mailed to customs
officers copies of the new Tariff bill, in
order that they may be able to properly assess
duties when the new bill becomes a law.
The first copies were sent to far Western
points, and places in the East will be supplied
The Secretary of the Interior has approved
the dismissal of 184 clerks In the Census
Bureau, partly on account of the completion
of the worK upon which they were engaged,
and also because of the condition of the
funds under the control ol the Superintendent
The Senate has confirmed the nomination
ot William A. Beaob, as Collector of Interna;
Revenue for the Twenty-f.rst Dlstriot of Nev?
Fifty thousand Japanese troops have
been landed in Korea, and reinforcemente
are constantly arriving there.
Capitis Haff declared that the victory
of the Satanita in the race for the Town cup
at Bvde viu "a cut-uD joU." h* the Ttsilant
was "almost constantly interfered with "by
A bepoht of i^e death of the Kin? of Siam
was brought hy the steamer Tacoma, from
China and Japan. The rumor was current
in Hong Kong when she left that port, and
the British Warship Rattler had gone into
Siamese waters in anticipation of possible
A fioht occurred recently between John
Merrltt, the American superintendent, his
J-4 flffv Vfwrl/tnn minora uf
iSSlMHUlO ttJUV* (IVWUV ml J ?
the A.aita Mine, in the Florence District,
Mexico. Morrft and three Mexicans were
A Jafawese cruiser of the first-class has
oeen sunk by the Chinese warship Tsl-Yuen;
at the battle of Yashea Korean troops fought
jn the Japanese side.
A force sent bj the Boers against the
marauding Kaffirs in the Transvaal, South
Africa, has oeen defeated.
A PEBsisTEXT spread of cholera in several
districts of East Prussia was reported.
Cholerine is raging in Paris.
WITHOUT HIS SIGNATURE.
The River and Harbor Appropriation
Bill Has Become a Law.
The River and Harbor bill, carrying $11,
476,180. became a law without President
Cleveland's signature, the legal limit of ten
days having expired within which he could
sign or veto It.
It is the third time during Mr. Cleveland'?
two terms that a River and Harbor bill has
become a law without his approval; the only
other bill of this klud on which he acted h<j
Fears were expressed uf? to a late hoar
that the present bill would be vetoed, as Mr.
Cleveland made it known to tbe River and
Harbor managers several months ago that
he did not want the total of the bill to ex?
CORN A FAILURE.
One Railroad Abandons Over a Dozen
Stalior.s on Its Lines.
The damage to the corn crop iu parts
of Kansas and Nebraska i" so gr<sat that
the St. Joseph and Grand Island K.tilroail
has issued orders for the abandonment of
overa dozen stations on itslines. The oflriTM-s
of the road say the stations are not abandoned
permanently, although there is little
probability of their being reopened until another
crop is assured. The people alou^ the
line in the sections where the stations are
closed depended almost entirely on the coru
crop, and now are leaving in great numbers,
and there is absolutely no business for the
Though the California fruit carriers are> (
running at their highest speed, they are un- .
able to absorb the immense supply of green
fruit, and enormous shipments are being
made to the East as well as to Europe.
A BIB TBITILE STRIKE.
TEN THOUSAND RHODE ISLAND
OPERATIVES GO OUT.
They Resist Reduction in Wages ot
Cotton Manufacturers ? Five of
New Bedford's Twenty-seven
Mills Shut Down?The Union Prepared
for st Long Fight.
A dispatch from New Bedford, Mass., says
The great textile strike?the biggest of its
kind whioh this city has ever known and
one of the largest in the history of New
England?is on in full force. The factory
bells rang as usual on the morning
of the starting of the strike.
At the north end, where are the Wamsutta
and other great mills, only a dozen or fifteen
non-union weavers went to work. All the
rest stayed out in protest against the reduction
of wages posted last week.
At the south end Treasurer William D.
Howland, of the Howlan'', the New Bedford
and Rotch Mills, asked the hands to work
until 12 o'clook in order that he might consult
with the other manufacturers. Mr. Hoyland
is noted for his kindly treatment of Ins
employes and was known to be anxious to
avert a strike, and most of the help worked
as usual until the noon hour. Then those
mills also closed.
More than 10,000 mill workers, clad in
their best and, for the most part, with smil- |
Ing, happy faces, thronged the streets and |
gave them 'a gala day aspect.
But it was not a holiday. There was
a buzz of nnger when it became hinted I
abroad that the small handful of non-union |
workers were laboring in the Bristol mill. A
mob of a thousand gathered about the mill in
the morning and yelled for an hour. At noon, i
with forces augmented, they again surround- |
ed ttio mill ana anacKea mo upemn>m
as they came out. Stones were thrown, and
some of the stril- -3 injured eaoh other. One
worker had hi; ^ose broken by a stone, a
boy was badly cut in the face, and several
persons were roughly handled. Finally the
Dolica came and scattered the mob.
Similar scenes were enacted at the Ams^urt
mill, and there a girl was seriously cit
about the face by some thrown missile.
How long this strike will last cannot now
be predicted. Secretary Ross, of the Spinners'
Union, expects that it will continue for
six months, and some of the manutacturers
deolare themselves prepared for a long flsrht.
Andrew G, Pierce, of the Wamsntta mills,
said that his mills would not be governed by
the action of Mr. Howland, whatever It may
be. His mills, he declared, are now shot
down tor an indefinite period, and he i
thought that the other mills would take similar
On the other hand^a leading mill man.also
at the north end, thinks that the manufacturers
are already beaten, that the strike
was a big blunder to follow the Fall River
mills in reducing wages. This gentleman
thinks that the key of the situation is in> Mr.
Howland's hands, and that opinion seems to
be held by many others.
Mr. Howland. as has- been said, is always
strongly sympathetic toward his working
people, aa.i he is particularly anxious now
to avert a fight. He said to-day:
??t 1?? nnnfamul! TBtifh a ftomnrit
X XittVO MUCaUf WutVMww
tee or the help and I propose to do so with I
my fellow-manufacturers. When I ascertain 8
the position of both then I shall decide what
course to take.. I can't affbrd to let the help- Ij
run my mills just to suit themselves, but I I
will grant all I can. If It cornea to a sim- I1
pie demand for a cut by the manufacturer?
and for the old schedule by the help I
shall waive the- cut-down and run my mills.
I can't afford to shut down and sever the
friendly relations with the hands.. Our Roods
have a reputation, aud we have orders that
must be filled.. It I impose such conditions
that the men refuse to work my silent spindles
won't make money for the stockholders."
"But how about over-production.-"
"Well, I agree that somethftig mu9t be
done to reduce the cost of goode,. but I am of 1
a different mind from most munu facturers>.
I look for better times ia the near future.
If curtailment is the remedy let us curtail
but if reducing \vai?es is going to bring ,
everything to-a standstill it ispcetty evident
that isn't the proper course.'r
If a long fight is to come^thespinners-are
in excellent shape for it. They have $10;000
in the treasury and offers of generous assistance
from the national unions The body
has rarely been worsted in a fight.. j
Thousands of men and women gathered
about the gates of the various mills, but so
few enteredthe works that, with the excep
tion of the plants mentioned, the machinery
was not started. Al the City mill a great
crowd gathered and tbo ponce were summoned,
but theirserrices were not required.
A handful of help went into the Wamsutta
mills, but these operatives were sent out
again, and were received with jeers and
The strikers are objecting to a reduction
In wages rauglng from two and a h3ll to ten
percent, the greatest cut being directed
against the spinners, the best p:itd of tho
operatives, and the cnanged schedule affecting
five thousand weavers to only a slight
degree. Only five of the twenty-seven mills
in the city are open. The pay rolis of the
mills aggregate $75,000 a week.
All the mills in Fall River, Mass., that
were running started up on the morning of
the strike in spite of the vote of the Weavere'
Association to take a vacation. Bat according
to the reports received only about 18,030
of the 60,000 looms in the citv are running.
The irampanoag mills started with 100
looms and then shut down entirely.
The labor troubles in New Bedford involve
thirteen of the largest cotton maiufacturing
establishments, with an investment of $11,
400,000. There are 1,042,000 spindles and
15,250 looms involved. Six of *ne factories
are cloth mills ana seven are yam mms.
The following data shows the extent
of the cotton industry involved In Fall River :
Capital invested, $23,650,000; spindles, 2,646,500,
looms. 60,000; employes, 25,920;
weekly pay roll, $172,675: cotton consumed
weekly, 6000 bales , production 720,000.000
yards of cloth per unnum
TO M'PHEESON"INl) WALKER,
The Atlanta Veterans of Both Sides
Will Erect a Joint Monument.
The Confederate Veterans' Association
took the initiative at Atlanta, Ga., in the
erection of a joint monument to the memory
of General McPherson, of the Federal Army,
and General W. H. T. Walker, of
the Confederate Army, who were killed
within a few yards of each other in the
battle of the 22d of July, 186L The Grand
Army Post Atlanta will join in the movement.
The scheme is to raise $200,000, oncv
half by each slde.with which a heroic double
equestrian statue will be erected upon the
spot where McPherson fell. General Walker
Is to face the North, and is to be clasping
hands with General McPherson, whose lace
will be to the South.
The project has been under consideration
for several months, and correspondence already
held with Federals and Confederates
throughout the country gives promise of
success, The joint monument was suggested
by the tower to the memory of Wolff an i
Montcalm in the Governor's garden in Quebec.
EMPRESS OF THE SEAS.
The Campania Breaks the Westward
Record by Over Three Hours.
The Canard steamer uampania is queen of
the seas. She came flying in by the Sandy
Hook (N\ J.) Lightship on her last trip, ilvo
days, nino hours and twenty-nine minutes
out from Quconstown. She reached Quarantine
before sunset with eight minutes to
spare, went up to her pier in New York
City and lauded her passengers. She
broke the best previous record westward,
that of the Lucanin, bv three hours and
eighteen minutes. The Campania is the
first steamer leaving Queenstown ou Sunday
that ever made such a rapid trip across the
Atlantic as to be able to land her passengers
on Friday night in New York. It wa3 a remarkable
performance, and the Cunard
tine may well bo prou I of us steamer.
Boatmek say that the water in Lake
George, New York, is the lowest known in
years. Bocks and shoals almost unheard of
betore now lorm impedimenta to navigation.
Pbebidext Cleveland left Buzzard's Bay,
Mass., for Washington.
Thomas Habpeb returned to his home near
Pittsburg, Penn., from a ton days' hunting
trip to find his wife dead and her body torn
by her two starving babies.
Alix trotted at Washington Park, Chicago,
in 2.05K, beating Nancy Hanks's
record of 2.06^.
Hens? Daivqebfield, one of the first
citizens of Alexandria, Va., and grandson
nt BotrorHw Trthnann BUlclde.
Many errors which will have costly results
have been discovered in the new Tariff bill.
They make the bill, according to Treasury
officials, the worst drawn measure ever presented
to the department. No appropriation
has been made for putting
into effect the Income tax provisions.
The Collectors of Internal Revenue can do
nothing, under these circumstances, in the
direction of preparing to collect the tax.
William Cubxew's house at St. Carls,
New Foundland, was destroyed by fire, and
three children of a family named Rose, living
near Curnew, were burned to death.
The Japanese were driven successively
from Ping-Yang and Chung-Ho with heavy
loss each time.
By the swamping of a racing yacht at St.
John, New Brunswick, eight of the crew of
twelve wore drowned.
There have been twenty-one cholera
deaths in the village of Nldzwedzen, East
The abdication of King Alexander, of Servia,
in behalf of his father, Milan, was said
to be imminent ' ,
The Connecticut Prohibitionists, at New
Haven, unanimously nominated De Witt C.'
Fond, of Hartford, for Governor.
i1"? Tonnnoooo TioniihHcjiiw nominated ex
Congressman Henry Olay Evans for Governor.
Jobs T. Callahajt was convicted at New
Orleans of demanding and receiving a bribe
of $500 while a member of the City Council.
W. B. Thompsok was taken from jail at
Kalmath Falls, Oregon, and lynched by a
mob. Thompson was held in jail on a small
charge, but had a bad reputation, j
Thomas Jv Majors was-nominated for Gov*
ernor by the Nebraska Republicans.
Pbesident Cleveland- passed through
Jersey City on his way home from Gray
Gables. He arrived in Washington at 8.30
Japan announces that orn June- 30 the King
of Korea declared himself independent, renounced
Chinese treaties, and then called on
Japan for help.
Pbesident feixoto piacea moae-Janeiro,
Brazil, in the hands of troops,, but his friends
ay a little rioting is the worst that aaa happen.
The Prussian Government is blocking the
Russian frontier against cholera.
Exercises in Cummingtom,. Mass.,
Commemorating: His Rirthdlay.
The memory of William Cull en* Bryaal
was honored a few days- ago,, at Cummiag?
ton, Mass. It was the centennial observance
of the birth of the poet. Exercises wer#
held In a grove a few rods beyond the Bryant
homestead. It was in these woods- thai
"Thanatopsls" was written* In the grove
the visitors could see the traces of the inJtials
cut on the trees by the Bryant boya.
The exercises were opened with an act
dress of welcome by Lorenzo H. Towerr th<
librarian of the Bryant Library^. on behalf oi
the townspeople, and then Parke Godwin,
#f New York, who was associated with Mr.
Bryant for many years, and who married his
eldest daughter, wns made the presiding
officer. Mr. Godwin delivered a brief address,
and then introduced Edwin R. Brown,
of Elmwood, 111., a native of Cummington,
and the orator of the day.. John Hbwara
Bryant, now eighty-seven years- old, the
only surviving brother of the poet,, read his
brother's poem ot "The Rtvuiet, and followed
it with two compositions of his own,
the first being "A Monody," written in 1878,
just after the death of William Cailen
Bryant, and the second, "At Eighty-seven,"
written for this occasion.
After singing some familiar tunes, uadei
the direction of Mrs. Julia Shaw, including
Mrs. Julia Ward Howe's- "Battle Hymn of
the Republic," an adjournment was taken
for dinner. After lunch the people were
called to order again and several addresses
were given by distinguished men and women.
Mrs. Julia Ward Howe was present and
read a poem written for the sixtieth birthday
of the poet, and first read at the Century
Club In New York City. To this Mrs. Howe
had added several stanzas appropriate to the
occasion. John W? Hutchinson, the only
surviving member of the famous family of
singers, whose songs caused so much enthusiasm
in the old abolition days, was also
present by invitation,, and sang "Old Friends
Are the Truest."
UNCLE SAM PROSECUTES.
Proprietors of the Atha and IlLlng'
worth Works Arrested.
The United Statas Government is proceeding
against' tLe members of the great
steel manufacturing Arm known as the Benjamin
Atha and Illlngworth Company, of
Newark, N. J.
The charge Is conspiracy to defraud the
Government by furnishing castings for the
Navy Departmont that contained blowholes
which were plugged.
President John Illlngworth Rnd Secretary
Abram C. Deiunan, of the big steel company,
were arrested and released on their own
recognizances lnthe sum off1000 for appearance
beforo United States Commissioner
Romalne In Jersey City.
The charges are very similar to those
against the Carnegie Steel Company In the
manufacture of armor plate, whloh were Investigated
by a Congressional committee at
Disastrous Rain Storms in Mexican
The reoent heavy rains in the mountains
of Mexieo have caused one of themo3t damaging
overflows of the Nassas River over
known. Reports have reached Lerdo of fifteen
deaths by drowning, and many families have
been made homeless by the waters washincr
their houses away. Several of the irrigation
dams were washed out, and the cotton
and corn plantations are flooded, causing
many thousand dollars' worth of damage to
Saving and Spending.
The young should be not only encouraged
to .save out of their small
allowances or earnings, but they
should also be taught how and when
to spend. Above all should the truth
be impressed upon them that the object
and eud of money is to purchase
opportunity, to promote happiness,
to improve and enlarge life.
Of itself it is nothing, and may be
made far worse than nothing; but
where the underlying purposes are
those of Independence, justice, and
generosity?where the highest wel?
fare nf self, of family, and of society
Is the desire uppermost in the heart
?there both saving and spending acquire
new dignity and will repay
careful culture. (
St. Louis has a Taxpayers' League.
Chinese are deserting South Australia.
I Italy will sbip 2030 anarchists to Africa.
Artificial granite is made in California.
Austbalian Members of Parliament get $4
Chicago is suffering an epidemic of bicycle
Bull worms are destroying cotton in parti
In California the honey prospects for 1394
ttic UUl Vil^Ul.
Great Britain has declared neutrality in
the Korean war.
Pennsylvania has $200,000,000 invested In
Iron and steel mills.
Discovert of rich gold mines near Mosca,
Cal., caused a great stampede in the vicinity.
During the last twelve m onths there have
been 456 fires in London caused by parafflne
Salt Laze (Utah) dealers were fined $50
for purchasing fish that were captured with
France and the Congo State have at last
fettled their quarrel. France gets another
slice of territory.
Flight of Deputy County Auditor G. N.
Hinckley, of Moscow, Idaho, reveals a $25,000
The total value of the mineral production
of Canada in 1393 was $19,250,000, a quarter
of a million less than that for 1892.
Removal of the battle flags 61 Iowa from
the arsenal to the State capitol was madethe
occasion lor a great demonstration.
Judge Kimeorouoh adjourned his court at
Cynthiana, Ky., the other day in order to
allow tne lawyers iu auviiu mo inrcua.
Eight aged men were pallbeaiers at the
funeral of Judsre Hughes, of Richmond,
Mo. Their combined ages amouated to 597
Majob Chables Worth, of the regular
army, will be court-martialed at Omaha,
Neb., for compelling a private to labor on
Thi descendants of David Crockett,, who
jre very numerous in- several Southern
States, will hold a reunion soon at Humboldt,
The Methodist Epteoopfll Church has
2,500,000 members, own3 over 24,000 churches
and 10,000 parsonages, worth in the aggregate
Caxhous Count?, Illinois-,. is cut off from
the world, as the Mississippi and Illinois
Rivers are so low boats cannot reach it, and
It has no railroads.
The use of rails 100 feet long- has passed
the experimental stage. Operating officialsunite
in claiming they are a decided im- '
provement oyer the shorter size.
Fbatt S-AflrrtzB, of Stuttgart,, who died re~
cently, aged ninety years, was- considered
the corpses of Julius de Marcus, twenty-threeyeare-old,
and Juliette Fournier, seventeen!
The girl was- lying prone on the ground.
A great hole-In her chest showed the manner
o! her death. The youth lay with
his face on her shoulder. He clutched a
revolwrinhis right hand, and two chambers
of it were empty. There was a ragged
hole in> his- head near the right temple.
Eying- beside them there were the girl'scorsets
and chemise, carefully folded up,
and ? neatly tied bundle of letters. A
bunch of ttowcrs was stuck in a corner of a.
Fiynn ran for his roundsman, and together
they lifted the bodies up. Ojt each dead
face there was a smile.
The-girl was hardly a woman yet. although
she had been a wife more than a year.. She
was a; French girl, educated in Paris, and had
been in this country only a few years. She was
- 'wIa a hiinH nf(*iirlr hrnwn hnlp
a iuuo luiug nuu w uvuv. v.v..v ~? ,? ?
deep black eyes, a pretty face, and a slender
figure* She was the wife of her father'9
brother, Henri. From the letters- which
they left it was evident that the two
young-people had loved eaoh other, had :
decided that their love was hopeless, because
the girl was already married,
and then deliberately set to work, to
die together. From the position of the
bodies it is presumed that the man first shot
the girl in the left breast, and then, standing
by her prostrated body, sent a. bullet into,
his own temple, killing himself instantly
and falling across her body.
The young woman, as she lay upon the
stone floor at the Morgue, was-pronounced
the most beautiful girl that had been there
in many a day. She was dreseed in a drabcolored
skirt with a white and red striped
silk bodice. A small toque, richly ornamented
with gold and silver lace, lay beside
her abundant hair. She had evidently
dressed with great care for the occasioa.
She wore diamond eardrops and several
De Marcus had been acquainted with hor
for about six months, and was desperately
in love with her. She was a Christian, they
said, and her brother was an orthodox Hebrew.
De Marcus had in his pocket a clipping
of Robert Ingersoll's letter, declaring
suicide not to be a sin.
RESCUED FROM THE ICE.
All the Members of the Wellman Ex>
plorlng Party Safe.
Walter Wellman and his companions, with
the crew of the wrecked steamer Ragnvald
Jarl, arrived at Tromsoe, Norway, from
Spitzbergen on board the Ashing yacht Berntine.
Wellman 3ays the expedition had almost
reached the elghty-flrst parallel of latitude
when forced to turn back on.
" -' had SUildenlv
tbe Oldest vegetarian in uermauy. oua uau
not tasted meat for forty-six years.
Tbombo; ini Norway, has just celebrated Its
lOOOtb anniversary. In that time it has
grown from *ixty people to 6000.' The inhab?
ltants are chiefly devoted to Ashing.
An Engliah cuirio hunter who was anxious
to secure the oanriage in which Carnot wa3
riding when Ghserio stabbed him, offered
the town oounell of Lyons 810,000 for It, but
the offer was-refused.
The biggest lead mine ever struck In Iowa
has been discovered by Jones, Goldthorpe &
Co., in a claim once abandoned on account
of water. It contains caves lull of lea'l ore,
yielding 50,000 pounds dally.
178m Day.?The-Senate passed the bill'for
the exclusion and'deportation of alien Anarchists.
The Senate disposed of the four
House bills to plac** on the free list sugar,
coal, iron ore. and barbed wire, by referring
each of tham to the Finance Committee by
votes of nearly 2 to 1. Mr. Gorman
warned the Civil Sbrvice Commission that it
must be respectful in its communications to
the Senate. Mr;. Eyle tried to close the
8enate restaurant bar during recess.
179th Day.?TheSenate adopted the Murphy
resolution that further tariff legislation
at this session is impracticable.
180th Day.?The four House tariff bills,
were reported back with amendments and
placed on the calendar.
181st Day.?The session of the Senatelasted
only an hour ruid three-quarters, most
of that time being spent in waiting for the*
appearance of a quorum.
200th Day.?A. bill curing a minor defeet
in the new Tariff bill was passed. A lively
debate was had over the Southern Pacificappropriation.
201bt Day.?Mr.. Harris's motion to appoint
Mr. White to the vacant place on the Finance
Committee was put over after a spirited debate.?Mr.
Murphy offered a resolution
that there 9hall be no mora tariff legislation
202d Day.?A bill was passed appropriating
$9000 for an additional force for the collection
of internal revenue and $5000 for carrying
into effect the arbitration convention
between the United States and Venesueln
signed at Caracas in January la9t. A. bill
was passed on motion of Mr. Forman to in:orporate
the Association of American Florists.?Mr..
Richards introduced a bill to restrain
and regulate the importation, manufacture
and sale of shoddy.
203d Day.?An unsuccessful attempt wa3
made to bring up the anti-Anarchist bill.
Little business of importance was transacted.
KILLED AT A CROSSING.
The Kngfne Whistle Frightened th.9
Horses Into a Cattle Guard.
The north-bound train out of Memphis oa
the Padaeah,(Tennessee and Alabama r?ad
crashed into a wagon bearing six people,
killing Ave, injuring another,, killing tha
horses and scattering the vehicle in every direction.
The accident occurred near Hazel,
just across the Tennessee line in Kentucky.
The killed are a
Misses Jonnie and Llllie Kay, aged eighteen
and twenty, daughters of J. T. Ray
their brother. Tobe. two other young ladies,
Thomas Ray was injured. The Rays had
attended a Baptist picnic, and were returning
home. Engineer Charles RIddai- blew
his whistle when he saw tho wagon approaching.
This frightened the horses,
which ran upon t&e cattle guard, and could
not extricate themselves before the locomotive
reached them. The train was on a down
grade, going forty miles an hour. J. T. Ray
and his wife are tho only members of the
family leit alive.
POTATO CROP FAILING.
Some Advance In Price on Account of
Recent reports from the Department of
Agriculture at Washington show that there
has been a very heavy decline in the potato
crop this season. For the month of July
the estimated decline or depreciation in the
crop was eighteen per cent.
This is an uncommonly heavy decline ; in
fact it is the greatest ever recorded in a single
month. The chief cause of this falling
off is the prolonged and widespread drought
under whicli the country has suffered this
Uu account ci rnis uvpnuiimvu ^
able that the price of potatoes will bo considerably
advanced. Already the scarcity has
boon felt, and wholesale dealers have raised
the price to j'2.75 a barrel.
This is $1.25 more, or nearly double tho
opening price for tho early native crop report,
which sold for ?1.50 a barrel. Those
who buy potatoes at retail must pay from 38
to $3.50 a barrel for them.
The largest ropes m tno world, It la saw,
are those being made by a Now Bedford
(Mass.) firm, to be used on the driving
wheel in tho engine room of the Chicago
Cable Railroad Company. There will be
twelve ropes, each measuring three inches 1
In diameter, eleven inches in oiwumference
and 1260 feet in length.
Business Improving EverywhercThe
country passed its financial crisis
early in July and Improvement is reported
Empebob William talks French like a
Bubixstkik has definitely declined to make
an American tour.
Pasttt Cbosbt, the blind Methodist hymn
writer, Is nowseventy years of age.
Lieutenant N. T. L. Halpin, of the receiving
ship Wabash, is the smallest officer
in the service in point of stature.
Luther C. Challis, once among the leading
financiers of Wall street and several times
a millionaire, died in poverty in Atchison,
The Dake of Devonshire owns 200,000 sores
in England alone, and his revenue is enormous.
His father died worth $7,500,000 at
Thebe arenoservants in the Tolstoi hoii3?;
hold. The Russian Count cuts his own flr^
wood, while the Countess prepares then?
' Miss Helen Peel, a granddaughter of the
famous English statesmen, ha3 emulated
Mrs. Peary by taking an Arctic voyage from
England to the Kara Sea.
Sectbetabt Geeshak Is the prize smoker
of the Cabinet. His allowance of cigars is
twenty a day, and it is rare for him to tx
seen without one in his mouth.
Pbovessob Hehrt Dbuhmond, the now
famous Christian philosopher, while a sttv
dent, traveled with JdooiV and 8ankey on
their evangelical tour of Great Britain.
Mbs. Batabd, wife of the Ambassador, if
one of the most popular of American ladle!
In official life abroad. She has been several
times informally received by Queen Victoria.
O. P. HnwrraaToy, it is said, has decided
fhof Yia tttMI nnf mrtvA fnt/V bfa rar?antl?r fln.
ished $2,000,000 palace in New York City. His
reason is said to be the saying that old men
who grow riob build fine houses to die in.
Lobd C hie? Justice Colekidoe had in
his possossion on exceedingly interesting
collection of letters of Coleridge, Wordsworth
and Soutbey, whioh had been addressed
to his father, Sir John T. Coleridge.
The hobby of the Countess of Aberdeen ii
poultry. At a recent agricultural fair at
Aberdeen her fowls won twelve- prizes. The
birds were Dorkings, Cochin Chinas,
Plymouth Rooks, Leghorns and Wyandottes.
David Hah*, who- drove stags- across the
Alleghanfes before- the days of railroads,
died in Portsmouth,. Ohio, a few/ days ago.
Among those who rode with were- General
Jackson, Henry Clay and President William
Henry Harrison. Hfe was ninety-four yeaxs
Ida Lewis is not the only woman llghtk^sper
in the country;, as has been stated.
Miss Harriet Colfax is, and has-been,, the
lighthouse keeper at Michigan City,. Lake
Michigan, for the last twenty-flve years,, and
her record of service is one of which any
keeper might be proud.. She is a relative of
th? late Hon. Schuyler Colfax.
Tbb Rev. Robert Mclntyre, pastor of thelhrgeat
Methodist churoh in Denver,, and'
one of the most eloquent men in the American
palpit to-day, was working as a bricklayer
at Haddington, Pcnm. twenty yearsago-.
When he preaohed at Haddington tlie
other Sunday, his audience included several j
men who used to work by his side- w^h- ,
trowel and mortar.
Th? youngest member oi the Georgia- bar- !
Is Edward Harrison Bleckley, who is-not yet \
six months old. He was unanimously elee- I
ted a member of the Bar Association recent- 1
ly. Ho is the son of Chief Justice Bleckley's
old age. JudgeBleckley is not farfrom
eighty, and his wedding two years ago- attracted
much attention in Georgia- and'
throughout the South.
QUIT LIFE TOGETHER,.
Be Marcus Killed Mrs. Fournler and;
In the-most picturesque spot in New York
City's Central Park, the Ramble, just below'
the flag bridge and within fifty feet of a
little- iniet at the upper end of the lake,
Policeman- Flvnn found, a few mornmgs apo.
Jltty 1ZIU. J.UD .
become intensely severe, and northward
from the Seven Isles broken ice made progress
impossible.The expedition then traversed the
coast of Northeast Land, most of whicii was
explored. Professor O. B. French surveyed
much of the coast, adding to the map Cap is
Gresham, Whitney, Armour and Scott, and
WellmaQ and seven others started on July
1, with an aluminum boat, to iorce a way
northward over the ice-pack. After a
severe struggle they were compelled to return.
They started on July 4 to return to
Walden Island. In crossing Dove Bay they
often had to wade through water up to
their waists. Many other hardships were
suffered. The aluminum boat rendered excellent
service, resisting pressure which
certainly would have destroyed ordinary
boats. Alms, one ol the party, broke
his leg and had to Ijo carried to "Walden
Islaud, where they arrived on July 22.
The Waldeu and Seven Isles were .-till
hemmed in with ice. After waiting two
weeks it was decided on August 4 to push
southward. It was risky work, but ail succeeded
in reaching Low" Island safely. Dn
August ti the Berntine was sighted. They
i 7 .-Milling nt Dana's Isle for
MillCll un 0
Oven and Heverdahi and tho provision1?.
Wellruau declares that ho will make another
attempt ia 1896 to reacil the I'oio by
the Spitsbergen route.
Tiie increase in Montana cold production
this year is no less thaa $331,731, or 73}<
per cent. Receipts this year represent a
total of 43,576 fine ounces of gold, and tho
Increase 18,408 fine ounces.
The long-contested Blythe estate at San
Francisco, which involved $9,300,000, has
tjeen traxwferred to a publlo administrates
A heavy dew is the precursor of
A tax was levied on cats in Persia
until a few years ago.
There is a graveyard of royal dogs
connected with Windsor Castle.
Hieroglyphic style of writing waa
probably in use 4000 years B. C.
In 1775 hailstones Baid to weigh
A i a4- Mhvaiq in flnoin
hWCUljr UUilUOS XCU au iuuxvui) iu |
Many species of beetles have two I
eyes on each side of the head, one su- I
perior and one inferior. I
At the close of the Napoleonic wars
the English field artillery was considered
the finest in the world.
The first bakers who iollowed their
oraft in Borne were slaves captnred
during the expedition against Philip,
171 B. C.
A Baltimore fruit grower claims to
have an apple tree, every apple of
which is sweet on one aide and sour on
During the early days of the Boman
Empire a painter was hired by the day
and valued according to* the amount
of surface he could cover.
The Greek statues of marble were
generally painted in gorgeous colors,
and frequently covered with a profusion
of tawdry ornaments.
A novel mowing machine is being^
built for use on the Erie Osaal, New
York. It is- to run over the bottom of
the canal bed and cut the long grass
which grows there.
San Francisco has a man who earns
an existence by gathering old. horsettva
afranf. Thft* THL"Jn_
DU'^O JLDOllO \JLX vuv
being of the best steel, are useful to I
gunsmiths and blacksmiths. 1
It is said that a man at Hearing's I
Corners, Tenn.shrinks onoe a month I
from 180 to 110' pounds, and remains I
in that condition, for a week, after I
which he regains his orignal weight.. H
The translation- of Qointus Curtios I
by "Vaugelas occupied thirty years. H
The translator rendered every sen- I
tence five or ten> different ways and 9
finally chose that which pleased hin^- I
An astonishing feature of a brilliant: I
Newport (R. I.) reception was the- I
milking of a- gorgeously decorated. I
cow on the lawn in. full view of the I
assembled guests.. The-milk aras dis- I
tributed in glasses.by girls appropri*- I
It is said that glacial action has in i I
places on the Uniom Pacific Road I
moved the mountains down on the I
narrow right of way along the Colam- H
bia River, where the- cliff, rises often
400 feet above the track,.leaving now Sjg
hardly a footing forthe-track. fl
The will of the-late John ?T. Mcllill, I
of Mexico, Mo.,.contains this clause:
"i remember my son,.Richard Gili, I
and his many filial acts- with grati- I
tuxle and affection^. but I have not I
heard,of, or from^. him,, three years, I
and don't know whether, ha is alive or I
The British Museumi has books I
written on bricks, tiles,.oyster shells, I
bones and flat stones, together with I
manuscripts on bark,, on ivory,
leather, parchment,, papyrus, lead,
iron, copper and wood. It has three B
oonies of the Bible written on the I
Leaves of the fan palm. H
Among the large variety of birds I
which arc to be found at the islands fl
to the south of New Zealand is a I
species of paroquet, which is very I
plentiful. The islands do not contain H
a single stick of bush of aay descrip- H
tion, and the birds build their nests H
in the grass. They are not to be H
found in any other part of the world. H
The bookworm: is- a pest that is H
rarely seen alive, indeed, some ex- H
perienced book collectors, and custo- H
dians of large libraries, although they flj
never encounter living ?wmo,
quently find dead. one. Sometimes H
books are foand that are eaten through H
and through. One instance is record- H
ed where a worm had made his way in B
almost a straight line through six. H
large volumes. It is> a curious fact H
that the genuine-bookworm has fancy H
for old and rare books. There is H
probably something in the make-up of
the old-time volume- that pleases him.
?something that satisfies his appetite.
The finer and more costly the book
the better the worm appears to like it.
But if this creature keeps at a scorn*
ful distance from cheap books, it does
not follow that inexpensive literature
is allowed to> flourish unmolested.
There is -a small, fiat bug that looks
upon cheap bindings as dainties, and
sometimes becomes so numerous that
it is a constant annoyance. No one
seems to have quite decided just what
it is, and the suggestion is made that
it may belong to the roach family, as H
;a ovfravacrftntlv fond Of Bfl
ILUS 1U3CLTB y
cheap bindings, which it eats for the
paste that is in them. As the bug
complained of is usually found to be
filled with bright-colored powder, it
is probable that tueir bindings, filled
with paste and glue, are the chosen
food of the troublesome creature.?
The Ledger. HH
He Kept His Promise. IBS
A certain schoolmaster, whose bump
of originality is highly developed,
once thought of a brilliant idea of
keeping his scholars within bounds
and securing their good conduct. Ml
Said he to the members of his academy
one day, "if you are all good boys^Hj
throughout the week I will show you HE
something that you never saw, I never
saw, and that when you have seen it
you will never behold again."
This extraordinary speech called^H
forth rapturous applause from the^H
lads, who promised to do their level
best to win their master's favor. The^H
week passed without a murmur of^H
wViilsif. tlia feelinir of ex- HM
pectation rau high its to what thd^Hfl
curio would be. At the close of tha Hfl
week, however, the master rang his
bell, and informed his pupils that he
was about to keep his promise. Hq^B
then produced from his desk a hazel ^^9
nut, which he held up and afterward^^B
"Did you ever see this kernel be-^R
fore, boys'?" SB
"Xo, sir," replied the youngstersMB
in one voice.
"Neither have I," replied the prin-^^J
cipal, putting it into hi) mouth,
"and what is more wonderful,^^?
you are not likely to see it again.S9
New Y#rk Dispatch.