Newspaper Page Text
The Press and Banner
^ -Published every Wednesday at |2
a year in advance.
Mr. R03WELL T. LOGAN, of Charleston,
is not authorized to take advertisements for
Wednesday, Sept. 5, 1894.
The Register publishes an article, which we
reproduce Id this Issue, Id reference to an alleged
conference of Butler men Id Columbia.
The Register is uneasy about the possible
outcome of that meeting and seems to fear
* the putting of another ticket In the field for
the State offloere.
According to our way of thlnkiDg there
. need be no fear or anxiety on the part of anybody?because
of any action that Butler's
friends or perhaps, more correctly speaking?
Tillman'6 enemies may take.
No movement which has not the sympathy
of the great mass of the people can succeed.
No movement which 1b developed In secret
with closed doors, Is likely to fire the publlo
Bat If auch a thing were possible fifty-eight
thousand people took part In lbs recent primary,
and?even If they had not taken an
oath to support the present nom Ineea?they
are In honor bound to abide the result.
With fifty-eight thousand voters standing to
the nominees, It will be Idle to put a bolters'
ticket In the field, and we believe that Senator
Butler and his iriends have too much
sense to undertake any such a scheme.
As far as we know, no one In Abbeville
ca.'es one cent about the threatened bolt and ,
we do not believe that any considerable number
of our people oould be Induced to support
"" in<??n?nH#nttink((L The annoucement of
Senator Butler's withdrawal or bis pledge
created not the slightest sensation or surprise
here. Aa far as we are informed, oar people
care nothing at all about the prospective
or contemplated bolt, bnt If the withdrawal
of a few maloontenta will bring peaoe,
we say, let them wltdraw, and form a little
association of their own where they can forever
afterward cease to annoy the people.
When contemplating the sending of your
aooof yonr daughter to college, be sure to ex. Mftw
the advertising columns of the Press
and Banner, where the advertisements of the
beet institutions of the country are sure to be
Columbia Female College;
Due West Female College;
South Carolina College;
A Davidson College; .
Presbyterian College at Clinton;
Wlnthrop State Normal College. u.
ISAAC H. McCALLA.
Tke Senator Elect From Abbeville
The Senatorial raoe having excited some
Interest at home and abroad It may not be
am 1m to give some facts in reference to the
snooesstul candidate, who Is to represent Abbeville
county lor the next four years Id the
Captain Isaac H. McCalla was boru In the
fifties, and is now about forty years of age,
with a sound mind In asoand body.
He oomet of mod stock, being a son of Capt.
George R. McCalla, of Lowndesvllle. who was
well known as one of the moat public spirited
and patriotic men In his day and time?
his great wealth fnrnishing ample opportunity
for deeds of kindness. But the war swept
bis fine estate away, and his children started
in business life with nothing to their credit,
exoept good health, good character, a noble
heritage from a worthy father.
In 1877, when he bad no estate, he married
Mlu Raimond Speed, a sister of our esteemed
fellow-townsman, Mr. P. B. Speed. With
high hope, and a nobleness of purpose, they
sei out for ' lie battle of life, and their success
has been Interior to that of no couple in Abbeville
county. They are both natives of the
ooanty, and they have lived here all tbelr
His election to the Senate, over as popular
a citizen as Senator Hempnm, no less man
the vote at bis own box?Lowndesvllle?attest
bis popularity and bis real worth an a man. .
He has always lived In the community hn
wbiob be was born, and blB neighbors respect
bla lodgment and often seek bis council.
Although be ha* been thoroughly Identified
with the Reform Movement from Its Inception
be bas never before sought office of honor
or profit, though be bas often been called
upon to take an active part in politics.
His zeal for the old county Is evinced in tbe
fact that be paid bis own expenses to go to
Columbia in tbe interests of old Abbeville,
and be may be relied upon to represent ably,
fearlessly, and conscientiously the best Interests
of all the people.
Now, to go back to the beginning of bis
career as a farmer. When be Tea bis father's
borne, be bought a small tract of land on
credit. After earning tbe money, and paying
for it be began adding to bis estate, nntll
now, if not the largest, be 1b certainly one of
tbe largest landowners In Abbeville county.
He owns several plantations aggregating perhaps
four thousand acres.
He owns fine pasture lands, and bis stock
and cattle gather grass for blm from many an
He always bas bacon, corn and other farm
produoe to sell every year, and his bank account
His life and success, go to disprove any allegation
that there is no profit in farming.
Beginning less than twenty years ago with
noming ana annongn ne ana given wnu a
generous band be Is now one of the richest
men In tbe county, and bis private life and
character is without stain or reproach.
OUR NEW RAILROAD.
Electric Light* and Water Works
What Is Abbeville doing wltb reference to
ber new railroad to Pelzer and Piedmont?
This question Is being asked In various sections
of tbe country. Tbe writer has recently
visited several places In tbe upper part oi the
State, and be was constantly asked wltb reference
to tbe suocess of this movement. It
will be a great thing for Abbeville and we
must have it. It will attract to our place,
draw trade, and bring us new citizens. We
must be untiring In our efforts to get this
road. Tbls is Abbeville's golden fcpportunlty.
We already have two flne railroads but we
need a new line. With a little effort we caD
have anotber new line to Edgefield and make
Abbeville a railroad center.
We will soon have water works and electric
lights. A charter has already been applied
lor. Messrs. J. Allen Smith, P. Rosenburg, J.
C. Klngh and other leading and progressive
? citizens are at the bead of tnls enterprise and
will make a suocess of it. Water works and
electric 'lights are assured for Abbeville In
tbe near future. But we must not forget our
railroad. If we are not active in its behalf,
tbe opportunity will slip aDd tbe road go in a
different direction. Walter L. Miller.
THE SHOET TICKETS.
No Blaine to Attach to any Candidate
for their Existence.
Dnn?o?? nHntod Brim A lio.kfltd
1 lit? ncno auu xk?uu?*
to be used in the last primary election before
tbe Dames of the delegates to tbe State Convention
were announced. Consequently tbe
names of these delegates did not appear on
tbe tickets. Many of tbese tickets were distributed
before the names of tbe delegates
were known. No blame can be attached to
any of tbe candidates whose tickets omitted 1
tbe delegates. As soon as possible these short I
tickets were recalled and the regular long I
READY TO SEBVE YOD. I
Two Good Yonujr Men Get Good '
Tbe people of Abbeville will be glad to
know that Mr. Aaron Coben, tbe clothier and
batter, has secured the services of Mr. Tboe,
G. Perrln and Mr. J. A. Allen. Abbeville has
no better or more efficient young men. Their
presence In tbe new store will be a drawing
card for tbe enterprising firm whohas secures
tbelr services. Tney will now be in a position
in tbe new store to offer a splendid bargains
to their friends.
DUE WEST DOINGS.
Life In the City and People Coming
Due West, S. C., Sept. 3, ISM.
With this month everything begins to take
on a llvller move.
Mr. C. D. Haddon to-day begins to open up
a nloe fresh stock of goods in Mr. Samuel
MIsb Louis Muse Is In town with friends.
She came up to the Sabbath School Convention
Mr. J. T. Pearson, of Anderson, spent the
last Sabbath of August In Due West.
Mr. Frank Pearson is to go to Anderson,
where he will lake a position with Rufns
Hill & Co. We wish him well.
Mr. F. W. R. Nance and little grandson,
spent Saturday in Due West.
Dr. J. J. Darlington and little daughters,
have returned to their home in Washington.
Rev. O. Y. Bonner Is again at his post ol
duly. He and Mrs. Bonner reached here from
Troy last Monday. He reports a delightful
We acknowledge with pleasure the cards
announcing the marriage of Miss Nannie
Hood and one of Florida's noble sons. The
fortunate gentleman Is Mr. J. M. Reed of Bartow.
He Is a large merchant ol that city. The
ceremony will take place in the A. R. church
of Bartow the happy pair leaving immediately
lor New York, Boston and other points of interest.
Mr. Reed Is a former resident of New
York. We wish the happy pair a long and
The young ladles and gentlemen of the
town have lately become greatly lasclnated
with the ten pin alley. A favorite resort these
Mr. John Wren has nearly completed his
spacious gin house. It will be fitted with the
best of new machinery, which is now at
band. He will be ready for the fleecy crop
and will do good work for those who patronize
It is reported that our list of bachelors will
be reduced ere long.
Mr. J. E. Level, of the firm of Level & Gage.
Green wood, looked up several Jobs while Id
Due West last week. He hassome handsome
designs and sends out nice work.
Mrs. E* P. Kennedy is at Verdery and Brudley
on a visit for a few days.
Rev. Robert Liee is at home now.
Mr. and Mrs. Reed and little daughter, are
the guests of Rev. F. Y. Pressly and family.
Mr. Reed Is a brother of Mrs. Pressly.
Mrs. J. O. C. Flemmlng. of Laurens, is visiting
her mother, Mrs. Todd.
Mr. John Hawthorn, who has been absent
from the State for some years, is at home
again. He has worked at different times in
several of the Southern States.
Mrs. L. M. Bonner is at home. She has
spent several weeks op North. She has secured
a corps of flue teachers for the Due
West Female College lor the next year.
the sabbath school convention.
The meeting of the Interdenominational
Sabbath School of Abbeville County was
looked forward to by our people with pleasure.
We were glad to have our brother
Christians come Into our midst and be In our
homes. Though the weather was very unsettled
there was a good delegation from different
parts of the county. About forty delegates
were enrolled. The program as had
been prepared by the Executive Committee
was DDI WUUIljr U1IIICU uut, ao suuis v;
those persons wbo bad parts assigned them
were not present. However, the exercises
were lull of Interest and many or the subjects
were discussed at length and we feel wltb
profit to all.
Mr. W. A. Templeton was re-elected Chairman
and mAde a capital presiding officer.
His heart is very much In the Sabbath School
work. Mr. C. P. Hammond of Abbeville was
chosen Secretary and kept a full and accurate
minute. Mr. J. R. Levell, of Greenwood, was
up and made a good talk on the subject, "The
Influence of the Sabbath School on the Family."
Mr. C. P. Hammond, Mr. Ezell. Prof.
McCain, Rev. S. L. Wilson, Rev. F. Y. Pressly
and others took active parts in the discussions.
Dr. E. H. Edwards and bis choir had
the muBlc in charge and it is needless to say
that it was goo<L coming from ibis excellent
choir. R. S. G.
Letter From Mr. Xoore.
Greenwood, S. C.,Sept. 1,1894.
As there has been so much said about a letter
I wrote to Mr. I. H. McCal.'a on the loth
August I take this method of putting; myseli
straight before the people of our county.
The most of you have read or beard It read.
You see really there was nothing In the letter.
I said I believed there was a slate in favor 01
certain candidates, and against others. The
election has proven the truth of that.
Mow there is another side to this letter busInuess
of far more importance to the people
of Abbeville county than simply what was
written In that letter. And it Is this, how
came this letter to be dropped on the su-eels
of Abbeville ? The teller was maneu ai i
Greenwood, went through the mall to Lowndeevllle,
and delivered to some one who called
for Mr. McCalla's mail.
I have not the least doubt of that. Mr. McCalla
swears he never received it, and no one
seemB to doubt that Then how came It upon
tbe streets of Abbeville? Something rotten,
not lh Denmark, but In Abbeville.
Two years ago there was published In the
Press and Banuer a list of numes of men from
various parts of tbe county, claiming to be
opposed to tbe new county. On Investigation
we found that tbe names of E. M. Lipscomb,
Jas. Kogers, MaJ. Foucbe, Dr. Mosley, W. A.
Lomax, and many others we know, for we
have letters from them. Their names were
put to that paper without their knowledge or
Now bcfoie the war thai was called forgery.
Who did that?
Now, we allowed that to paB8 by without
exposing anyone, and what do we see done in
this campaign. Men's private leilers being
taken and dropped upon the streets oi Abbeville,
where certain men could pick them up
and use for their political advancement.
I am sure there is not an honorable man in
Abbeville county who will approve Qf any
such dirty work, as tbe cases I baVe mentioned,
Now, I want it understood, I am only referring
to tbe politicians of Abbevilie.not to ber
merchants, mechanics or her business men
In general, or to ber flrBt^lass lawyers?they
are not surpassed by any town in the Slate?
I reier to tbe Court House ring, and the people
oi the county know who they are. I voted
1 "11 T Hofoot Hanaro! PTamn. !
auu U1U Oil A WUiU W v?v*v?v MVUVIMI MVMf
bill la an honorable way. He never let an
opportunity pans to .abuse and ridicule the
people of Greenwood, and we gave him in return
Just as few votes as we oonld.
It was the Abbeville ring we shot at, and we
have tbe consolation of seeing (after the
smoke has cleared away) tbe General dead,
and tbe first and second lieutenants, Gary aod
Magill, badly wounded; that Is, tailing tbe
Those three were tbe most bitter on us, and
It is some consolation to see them march at
tbe tall end of tbe column.
Had we thought that Mr. McCalla ever ercelved
that letter, and tbeu been a party to
tbe dropping of It on tbe streets, not one honest
vote would be have gotten at this box.
We want a new county but not at the price
of putting men's names to petitions they never
saw, and dropping letters upon the street,
Now, Mr. Editor,.in conclusion let me say.
Greenwood will stand by tbe ticket: we went
into tbe primary to stick. No Independent
for us, In county or State, We are for Evans
for Governor, down to Coroner, Including
Gary and Maglll, and had General Hemphill
got In, we wauld bave held our nose and
We are for white supremacy, and will stay
In the minority for sometime yet, before we
will take any negro In ours; but we do ask
that our campaigns be conducted upon a
higher plain In the future, and every wan
pass for bis real worth, and not because be Is
upon the slate. Respectfully,
L. M. Moore.
TO PREVENT CRUELTY.
Au OricanizHtluu Should be Formed.
It Is a shame the way some persons treat
dumb brutes, and there should be one of
Henry Rergh's societies organized In our
midst. There are horses and mules driven
here that are hardly able to stand from simple
starvation, and are living skeletons. Tbe
owner of live stock of any kind should feed
them well, or else sell tbetn to some one who
"Till an Tharn In no PxmiNfi for
Miu auu nut ww# * -
this cruelty to animals and It should be prevented.
The Following: Ticket In NutciceNled
for Election :
K. M. Hill.
FOR WARDENS :
When yon want any) patent medicine goto
Harrison A Game. They offerprloes wlthyut
Cross & Martin have Just got' In some more
of those Ladles Spring Heel Button Shoes.
R. M. Haddon & Co. will show this fall a
large and most complete line of ladies goods.
A black dress always good. See the line 8S
and 46 in black silk finish henriettas at Haddons.
Reese & DuPre are selling solid gold plain
rings for only 82.
Aluminium thimbles for 10c. at Reese &]DuPre'8.
Watch chains from Si up at Reese & DuPre.
Reese & DuPre have a very doe selection of
scarf pins and shirt studs for wale.
Harrison & Game are ready at all hours to
put you op any kind of ?edlclne. Twelve
years experience will assure the heat.
Nome Facta in His Long and Faithful
The primary election came off on Tuesday
of last week. The result le known to the
The candidates for Senatorial honors were
equally pronounced In their allegiance to the
Reform movement, and both were pledged
j against the new county movement, and thus,
on the surface, In so far as politics were conj
cerned, there was practically no difference
! between the candidates.
The whole question, therefore, as to the
I election or deleal of eitheir was their personj
al popularity or unpopularity.
barring unintentional errors and omissions
! the following is believed to be a correct stateI
We have not the vole of each sepa|
rate box In the election of 1876, but at that
I time the county was a unit in its tight against
j Republican rule, and we presume that GreenI
wood may have given a full vote for General
| Hemphill In that contest, but we have the
figures at each box at every recurring election
Senator Hemphill has had a remarkable
career in public life, and as we think there
has been a common misapprehension of the
facts which led up to his defeat Id the race for
re-election to the Senate, we have thought
proper to review the recent past in connection
with a recital of some facts in his history
from 1876 up to this time.
By examining our dies it la seen that he
was one of the chosen leaders of those who
declared for white supremacy in the camj
palgn of 1876, and in the first primary election
that was ever held in Abbeville county, he
received 1,465 votes out oi a total of about
two thousand, being second only to Hon. W.
K. Bradley, who headed the ticket with a vote
Standing shoulder to shoulder with the people
in that memorable contest, and the sentiments
and feelings of the people of that day
and time, General Heinpblll received about
ihree-fourths of the Democratic votes of the
The same year, 1870, Dr. J. C. Maxwell was
elected Senator to fill out two years of the
unexpired term of Hon. Jerry Holiinshead,
ibe Republican Senator recently deceased.
'l*he vote stood as lollows:
Dr. J. C. Maxwell 1,764
Rev. J. N. Young 204
|M 1 Ota l
luiai yuiD m i,viu
Id 1880, Senator Maxwell was re-elected
without opposition, and later on Rev. J. M.
Young was elected to the House of Representatives
at the bead of the ticket.
In 1878 General Heuiphlll stood for
re-election to a seat In the House
of Representatives, and his course was then
fully endorsed by the people. Although
I there were nine candidates running for Uie
House, out of a total of 271G votes, he received
1779, on the first ballot, being only 57 votes bebind
Hon. W. K. Bradley, who, for the second
Hue, beaded the ticket?this time by 1886
votes?being 57 more votes than General
Hemphill received. At this election Greenwood
gave General Hemphill 83 votes.
In 1880 General Hemphill took no leading
part In politics, aud devoted his energies to
tbe publication of his newspaper.
In 1882 he made tbe race for Senator against
Hon. J. C. Maxwell, of Greenwood, who
bad so ably aud so acceptably represented
thlB county in tbe State Senate since 1870.
The race was one of the most exciting In the
history of the county, aud the adherents of
each were in a measure Intolerant towards
thoee wbo differed from them. In that race
Senator Maxwell gained the victory by a majority
of 170 votes. That year Greenwood
gave General Hemphill 17 votes.
In 1884 General Hemphill became a candidate
for the House of Representatives. The
old feeling of opposition to blm was still
strong in some quarters, and the determination
in others to support blm was not ie?b
pronounced*. Although there were eleven
candidates In the held be received on tbe tlrst
ballot 1778 votes out of a total vote of 2887.
Hon. J. E. Bradley was elected this time at
the bead of the ticket with 1909 votes, General
Hemphill being second in the race. This
year when it a was free-for-all contest without
local Interests becoming Involved Greenwood
gave General Hempblll Mi votes.
In 1880 Senator Hemphill again became a
candidate for the Senate. In that race tbe
election was conceded to blm, and he bad a
~ Wttln. UVOI , auu nan eievmu n.iuuM. wrr.r
sition. Greenwood gave him that year only
173 votes, when there was no opponent In the
Held, being by far the largest vote, ever cast
lor him at that place.
In 1890 General Hemphill and Hon. C. A. C.
Waller, of Greenwood, entered the race lor
the Senate. Altera campaign of no notable
event or exciting circumstance, General
Hempblll received 1,450 votes, and Hon. C. A.
C. Waller received 1,814 votes. This year
Greenwood gave General Hemphill 48 votes,
i Id the election last week Senator Hempblll
received 12S1, and Col. MtCalla received
I32J? the majority In favor ol Col. McCalla belug42
voles. At this elecilon General Hemphill
received 35 votes at Greenwood.
: When considered with his lormer vole It
! seems that General Hemphill had not suffered
very materially because of his simple opposition
to the new county.
We have reviewed the past with a view to
ascertaining the cause of the recent vote by
which be was defeated by 42 majority.
According to our way of thinning the new
county question had little or nothing to do
wlib General Hemphill's defeat. TheAnllB
: held the balance of power and cast itforCapt.
Greenwood has never given Senator Hempblll
a big vote. Even when be bad no opposition
at all he was not given a large vote.
Wltb the history ol the past before us, and
[ a knowledge of the unwritten and unrecorded
feelings and sentiments of the people of
Greenwood, It is quite likely tbat any other
man against General Hempblll wooid have
received as large, a vole at Greenwood as
did Capt. McCalla,
The Press and Banner is of tbe opinion that
It was the Anus wno mruea va? uu? agamm
| General Hemphill. Personally, we believe,
lew persons dislike General Hemphill, yet
the editorials which have appeared from time
to time In his newspaper have been very distasteful
and displeasing to his political opponents.
This action on his part, we think, weakened
General Hemphill's popular vote.
While Col. McCalla is a thoroughly pronounced
Reformer, Le must have received a
large majority of the Antl vole. In 1892 tbe
Tlllmanlte candidates did not seek or desire
the Conservative vote. In one instance at
least, when only two men were running for
the same office, one of them Is reported to
have said that "be did not want any Antl
to vote for him.*'
This year tbe sentiment was different, and
the Antl vote was sought by the Reform candidates.
Tbe Antl rankB were a fruufbi
field in which to work, and gave them their
opportunity to express their disapproval ol
We think tblB fact is proved in that other
fact, that all tbe avowed new county candidates
(or tbe House of Representatives were
defeated by considerable majorities.
By reference to tho statistical table interesting
facts may be worbed out as to the vote
on tbe new county question.
As might have been expected tbe defeat of
General Hemphill has been the occasion for
some outspoken gratification on the part ol
those who were opposed to bim, and bis retirement
irom the Senate bas furnished the
occasion for some very unusual as well as
some very ungracious editorial expressions
from tbe brethren of tbe press.
Heretofore it bas not been the custom to go
intoadelirum and perform tbe war dance on
But those who mey think that be Is dead
and out of politics may yet have occasion
in mvlsfi their opinions.
Qeneral Hempblll la h scholar, has many of
the gifts of the orator, ban perfect control of
himself, and Is a wanly competitor, in the
the newspaper business he has been a competitor
of the Press and Banner for nearly a
quarter of a century, and w? have found him
in that relation honorable and fair in every
For interesting factB in reference to the beginning
of General Hemphill's political career
see article on our last page of this issue
of the Press and Bunner. He was culled to
the front In 1876 and has been a factor In Abbeville
politics ever since.
?The income tax clause of the tariff'
bill states that from aod after January
1, 1895, until January J, 1900, there
shall be assessed, levied, collected
aud paid, annually, a tax of 2 per cent,
on the amount of income over $4,000,
and that this tax shall be assessed by
the commissioner of internal revenue
and collected and paid upon the gains,
and profits and income for the year
ending December 31st, next preceding
the time of levying, collecting and
paying such tax. The law cannot go
into effect until January 1, 1895, and
no income tax will be paid until Decern*
ber 31, 1895. This is the status of the
tax, and it is in no sense retroactive.
Mail matter dropped in a box in Paris
is delivered in Berlin within an hour
and a half, and somtimes within 35
minutes. It is sent by means of pneumatlc
tubes. The excellent postal ser
vice of thin country lias considerable 10
learn from the service of Europe.
In Spain it costs ?50,000,000 to maintain
the army and only ?300,000 to educate
the children. It is the exception
to find a Spanish farmer who is able to,
read or write.
If Texas were as densely populated
as the State of Massachusetts, it would
have a population greater than Fraucei
and Great Britain combined, or about'
THE DISPENSABt LAW.
IMPUDENT ASSERTION OF POWER.
If Judges Would Busy Themselves in Con*
sidering the Implied Limitations upon
Their own Power, Instead of Hatching
Implied Limitations upon the Power of
Another Branch of the Government,
they Would Present ;a more Decent
American I,aw Review.
An examination of the opinion of
Chief Justice Mclver, of South Carolina, in
the decision in which the Supreme Court ol
that Stale overthrow the so-called "Dispensary
Act,"* shows that a majority of the court
place their conclusion that the statute under
consideration is unconstitutional, partlj
upon the ground that there are in every fret-1
Stale implied limitations upon the power ol
the legislature. The decisions In the margin
are cited by the learned chief Justice in support
of the proposition that there are Implied
limitations restraining State legislatures from
Imposing taxes for other than public purpoBes.f
The first of these cases is general!}
cited as the leading case upon tbe doctrine,but
we believe that it was first announced by Mr.
United States Circuit Judge Dillon, aud that
this case simply affirmed his decision. Notwithstanding
the great names giving support
to the doctrine, we utterly protest against it
as a principle of constitutional law. In order
to understand now utterly outui i>m?>
It in necessary to do no more tban consider
the theory upon which the power of the Judiciary
to refuse to give effect to an act of the
legislature can alone be supported. In the
first place, attention is to be drawn to the fact
that the power was never granted In any
written constitution, Federal or State. It was
seized by the Judges, and Its seizure was for a
long time contested as an usurpation, and it
is well remembered that an attempt was
made in Pennsylvania to impeach the Judges
of the Supreme Court of the State on this
ground. The only ground on which the early
Judges who first seized the power attempted
to defend themselves against the charge ol
usurpation ot legislative power?because it is
an act ot legislative power lo repeal as well as
to enact a statute?was that the constitution
was the paramount law, designed to impose
limitations upon all departments of the government
and to protect the reserved rights 01
the people; that the Judges were sworn to
support the constitution?not to support the
acts of the legislature; that when they were
requested to give effect to a statute which was
challenged as being in conflict with the constitution.
it became their duty to lay the constitution
and the statute before tbern side bj
side, and if there appeared to be a plain conflict,
to give effect, according to the obligation
of their uath, to the paramount law, and consequently
to deny eflect to the act of the legislature
which was inhibited by the paramount
law, It was always conceded by the
Judges that this was an extraordinary exertion
of power on their part. They naturally
felt that ihey assumed a position more or less
unseemly in the public estimation?the position
of one co-ordinate department of the
government assuming the right to sit in Judgment
upon the acts ot another co-ordinate department;
and they consequently exercised
the power under the Just feeling that nothing
but a plain and undeniable conflict between
the statute and the paramount law could |usMf?
ihum in 1L Huch being the
ground and the only ground,on which the
American courts assumed tbe power u> set
aside acts of tbe legislature?a power exercised
by no other Judiciary In the world?no
room waB left for the exercise of tbe power on
mere casuistrlo or doctrinal grounds. Mo
room was left to exercise it merely because
acts of the legislature come in conflict with
tbe theories entertained by tbe Judges upon
economic questions, as they have so often exercised
it in settlug aside legislation prohibit
Ing tbe so-called "truck store system'' of mining
and manuiacturing companies. No room
?absolutely no room?was left to exercise it
on any sncb conception as tbal tbere are Implied
limitations upon legislative power not
found in tbe written constitution, but found
somewhere else, in tbe breast or the Judge or
In bis unwritten constitution containing t>uob
Implied limitations. No power, express or
Implied, has ever been granted to bim to invade
tbe functions of a coordinate department
of tbe government?a department directly
resDonslble to tbe people?and to overturn
its acts on this on the power of tbe legislature:
but these limitations rest upon moral
sanctions which appeal to tbe legislators and
to tbeir constituents, bat not to tbe Judges.
If one legislature oversteps those implied
limitations, an ample remedy Is found in an
appeal to tbe people and in tne election ol another
legislature which will repeal the obnoxious
statute ;J but no other theory can be. devised
by which tbe Judiciary can defend
themselves against tbe imputation of usurpation
when they assume Vo set aside an act ol
tbe legislature on that grouod. It 1b nothing
more nor less than an Impudent invasion on
tbeir part ol the functions of a coordinate
branch of the government?an impudent assertion
of tbeir power to overturn acts ol tbe
legislature upon tbe grounds that are merely
moral and theoretical. It Judices would busy
themselves in considering tbe implied llmltatinnx
udou their own nower. instead of batch
ing Implied limitations upon the power ot
another branch of the government, they
would present a more decent spectacle.
*McCullough v Brown, IB 8 E. Rep. 458.
fLoan Assn. v. Topeka. 20 Wall. 655; Parkeraburg
v. Brown, 106 U. 8. 437; Lowell v.
City of Boston, 111 Mass. 451; Allen v. Jay, 60
Me. 124; Feldman v. City Council, 23 8. C. 57.
In a suggestive artlole on the South Carolina
decision of the Supreme Court of the United
States In the Chicago Lake Front cases (146 U.
8.387) is referred to as resting on an affirmation
of this doctrine. The reasoning of the
court does not necessarily affirm the doctrine.
It iff, In subBtance, that the legislature cannot
commit the breach of trust of giving away to
a private corporation one of the public harbors
of the State. The real reason Is that
when the legislative trustee- commits such a
breach of trust, no constitutional restraint
prevents it successor in the trust, that is to
say a succeeding legislature, frotu undoing
the breach of trust, by repealing the act of its
predecessor. The decision necessarily overrules?or
at least refuses to apply in that instance?the
Dartmouth College case, and that
was the ground of the dissenting opinion.
tJust as was successfully done In the Chicago
Lake Front case, 146 U. 8.387.
THE NEWS AND COUBIER.
What a Former Charleatoulan Hhn to
Say of tbat Paper.
Your most able editorial in the Press and
Banner of August 29th under the caption of
"Law and Order" lieserves the thanks of tbe
whole people of tbe Stale of South Carolina.
I have no Idea that the News and Courier will
reoroduce It in full or In part. Such is their
style of doing business. But I do sincerely
trust tbat tbe other dally and weeklv state
papers will give It the wide and extended circulation
it so Justly deserves.
In your editorial you say:
"The days of the bar rooms are numbered
in South Carolina. It Is evident that a great
majority of the people favor the dlsptju?ary
plan of dealing with tbe liquor question, and
It isn't for Judges and Anarchists to say that
the people shall not rule."
To law-abiding people this should be an axiom,
but to tbe liquor dealers of Charleston,
upheld by tbe News and Courier, aDd Incited
to resistance to law thereby, it Is tieated wltb
contempt. I desire In a few words to show
that not only Is your editorial rebuke to your
contemporary correct, but Just and true in
When the saloon of Vincent Cbioco was
raided and borne searched, contiaband whiskey
was found and confiscated to the state.
Kvery man in this free government feels
that his borne U bis castle and safe from lawless
search, but when one Is a breaker of the
law be cannot claim Its protection, butsbould
suffer lis penalty.
Now, who and what was and Is this Vincent
Cbtcco? In years past, public dog catcher
and executioner ot worthless canines, and
subsequently a keeper of a saloon, frequented
by tbe drinklnu classes. Yet tbe News and
Courier went Into hysterics when be was arrested
for violating the law. He violated tbe
dispensary law at that time and has done so
pld any one bear, or has any one beard,
tbat the private residence of any law-abiding
citizen of Charleston has been searched? I
know they did notand never wlll.Theundying
enmity of the News and Courier at its loss 'of
Eiestlge and Its Inability to make the State
louse slate, the loss of power by tbe low
country never to be regained, tbe ousting of
tbe Bourbon element by tbe b< ne and sinew
- - O -?- Ih.
of the upper portion oj uiu au?c. ,?v
control or the SU'te Government by the tillers
of (he soil, has utterly and entirely destroyed
the remnant of judgment and courtesy
left to that dead paper by the sea,
Again, you say; ''We believe In tbat time
(two years) tbat that paper has not properly
represented the commercial or financial interests
of the city of Charleston."
The News and Courier has been the enemy
of tbecommerolal Interests of Charleston,not
for two years, but lor twenty. Where Is Charleston's
shipping interest? Look at her railroad
facilities and her hotels. Where are
many of her young men ? Gone. Why did
they leave? Hard times, There must be a
cause for tnls. Let us search tor it,
There is scarcel} an issue of that paper that
does not clip from some northern contemporary
and bring up dead Issues, and comment
unfavorably upon the north or east, Its
anathemas upon the reunion of the Grand
Army of the Hepublic has made Charleston
no end of enemies, its foolish boast tbat
South Carolina needed no Immigrants to till
Its wuKLe places has made it tne laughing
stock of newspapers.
In conclusion, 1 charge directly to the anarchistic
and Intemperate language of the
News and Courier, the fearful catastropes in
blood that have happened In South Caro- i
HIg bargains in clothing of all kinds. P '
Rosenberg <fc Co. <
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Warren ton, 8. C.f August 2", 1894.
The town ol Warreutou it* situated about
one inlle froua tbe G., C. <Sc N. Railroad uear
Watts, H. C.,ls an old nettled place. It Is about
six miles north of Abbeville, aud Is situated
In a healthy and fertile section of tbe country.
A better and a more hospitable class ol
people cannot be found anywhere Is the United
States or anywhere else.
Beiow we give a list of people who live here
&DU WUUkbUCjr UU.
Mm. Dr. Thomas, general merchandise.
Messrs. Geo. S. Wilson & Co., general merchandise.
Dr. J. W. Thomas, practicing physician.
Geo. S. Wilson, ginnery, brick mating and
Kev. H. C. Feunel, pastor Presbyterian
Mr. F. W. Wilson U depot agent and postmauler
We learn tbnt Mr. James Cllnkscales has as
much as a bale oi cotton open.
Beiow Is a list of prominent farmers living
In the Warrenton neighborhood.
J.E.Gray, J.A. Wilson,
J. T. Cheatham, D. K. Penney,
D, W. Thomas, A. McNeill,
W. Edwardit, E. P.Gray,
James A. smltb, John Hannah,
John T. cllnkscales, S. A. Cnrllsle,
8am Abies, Jr., J. C. Ferguson,
P. A. CbeathHm, G. 8. Wlison,
J. H. Cheatham, V. D. Murcblson,
8. W. McLalU, A. E. Crawford.
The Presbyterian church and High School
here have been receutly constructed, and are
a credit to tbe people wbo live here.
The Warrenton Sunday School, under the
superintendence of Mr. Harvey Wllso^lsln
a nourishing condition.
Tbe Sharon section has surveyed a special
school dlstrlot. The academy to be located
near tbe residence or Mr. James Pressley.
We hear the faint chiming of wedding bells.
Mrs. Kev. John E. Penney, ol Florida, who
Is visiting the lamlly of Mr. D. R. Penney, Is
Mr. James Smith Is also 111.
Mr. J. C. Ferguson Is building a new barn,
and Mr. P. A. Cheatham will enlarge bis
barn soon. ,
Mr. George 8. Wilson will begin In a few
days tbe erection of a dwelling at Watts.
Miss Mary S. Moseley of Edgefield Is visiting
the family of Mr. John C. Ferguson.
Mis* Jessie Thomas, of WeiuniKH, Ala., is
spending awhile with her uccle, Mr. s. A.
.Mina Maria f'henlhnm hns 1llnt returned
from a visit to mTss Lula Fennel ol Lowndesville.
Mr. Walter B. Wilson returned Saturday
from a business trip to Orangeburg.
Mr. Charles Lyon of Bordeaux township
met with a painful accident last Friday evening,
caused by the caving In of a well curbing.
A colored man was also badly hurt at
the same time.
Rev. B. M. Cheatham Las been elected principal
ol I he Sharon High School.
Mr. George S. Wilson has Just furnished
TOO,00# brick to Mr. Vlsansba of Abbeville.
Mr. B. B. Cheatham baa Just returned trom
a visit to relatives at Due West.
Ned Bell, a slxteeu year old colored boy
living near bere was killed on the lutb Inst.,
by being struck on the back of the head by
some unknown party.
A protracted meeting begins bere next Saturday.
Rev. H. C. Fenuel will be assisted by
Rev. W. T. Malbewa, evangelist
Miss Ida Bowman, a lovely blonde of Lowndesvllle,
has recently visited the Misses Watson
of the Lebanon neighborhood.
Miss Madden or Bellon has recently vlalted
her brother Mr. Joliu Madden.
Several of the young people of the Lebanon
neighborhood will attend a german at the
residence of Mr. Albert Gibert of Bordeaux
on the evening of the 4th of September. A
delightful time Is anticipated as Mrs. Gibert
always entertains royally.
Accompanied by Mr. James Cheatham last
Sabbath we attended services at Lebanon,
where we hud the pleasure of listening to a
good sermon by Dr. Lindsay. The attendance
was quite good, and the singing by the
choir was excellent. This church certainly
has Its share of pretty young ladles, possibly |
some of them weie from Sharon and warrenton.
Miss Sal lie Sherrard of Anderson County l>
visiting the family of Dr. sherrard of the
Minnie Adams of the Lebanon neigh*
borhood returned last Saturday from McCor.
mlck where she had beeu visiting Miss Fan
Tbe Warrenton High School was taught
this year by Miss Bessie Thomas who made
a most acceptable teaoher.
A teacher for another year U needed this
school. N. U. Fy leu,
The state board of health in session at
Kansas City last week revoked the
license of Dr. J. P. Henderson, of
Nevada, Mo,, to practice medicine in
the state. Charges of unprofessional
conduot had been preferred against him
by two physicians of Nevada. i
Dr. Henderson had advertised some
wonderful cures, contrary to the code
of medical ethics, and charges were
?Dr. James Woodrow, of Columbia,
Hou. W. A. Courtenay, of Char- i
leston, aud Prof. Frank Evans, of
Newberry, have been appointed a
committee for the purpose of seouring i
a geological survey of the State.
Nazareth now oontains about 7,000 ,
inhabitants aud 30 or more drinking
shops. Muoh Rood is expected to re- 1
suit from a Young Men's Christian
Association recently started. i
For every dollar spent in missionary ,
work the United States spends $218 in i
liquor and $114 in tobacco. i
There are now in Japan 377 Chris- <
tian churches, and 043 missionaries.
Hundreds of farmers are abandon- 1
ing their farms in Nebraska aud other
Western States on account of crops t
having been totally destroyed by u
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Qreenwood's Splinters nnd Political
Greenwood, 8. C., Sept. 8, 1891.
Cotton picking U getting general, aud the
probability is the yield will be uiucb smaller
than tbe weed Indicate*.
Col. Mlokler Is still quite sick. There is no
other sickness In town.
In tbe support of New County candidate*
Greenwood yields tbe palm to Pboenlz, Jones
and stony Point.
Several families have moved- Into town recently.
Miss Mary Lou Major was awarded tbe Peabody
scholarship over twenty odd applloanta,
which Is a high compliment to the young
lady .and reflects credit on ber tutor, Prof. R.
In our partial defeat we achieved a glorious
victory, but let us be charitable to the vanquished
as tbe victors nan always afford to be.
He Is back in private ranks and is no longer
a target for criticism. Let no Greeuwood
man continue to strike a fallen foe. Don't do
it. Its cowardly.
A large number of visitors are in town
whose names have not been given us.
We had given but little.attention to tbe
Lalk of an Independent movement until tbe
Greenville News last week discharged a
double barreled proclamation saying "let her
roll." Tbls led as to believe tbat from bis
elevated percb on the leuce be was permitted
to view the field In a way unknown to tbe
'flee," "puppets" aud " wblpper snapper"conservatives
down In the corner. In oar mind
however his ebulitlon was considerably discounted
by tbe personel of tbe Butler conference
held the following nigbt In Columbia.
If Senator Butler and his beneficiaries are to
name a ticket we want none ot It In ours, but
it can be elected without us.
Work on Dr. W. R. Bailey's resldeace has
A protracted meeting Is In progress this
week In the Methodist church.
Has Greenwood a friend at Abbeville?
Those from wbom she has a right to expect
tbe moot are ber worst enemies.
A irlend says tbai high living and Inactivity
has made me a "neap o' condor." 1 think
tbat Is the species of lowl to which she said
Greenwood is proud of the way her vote
was distributed ou election day. If it was to
do over agalu there would be but little
Meyers. Klugh Bros, sold tbe first bale of
new cotton on the 28th of August None has
been sold since.
Tne political oetraolsm of tbe conservatives
Is lamentable. An Independant flgbt could
not hurt us. but we believe a vast majority ol
our faction are willing to work along with
the true Reformers, r/lio seem to be doing all
tbey can to right the wrong. A fight now
would only cement them to the rlogsters.
We are not informed as to any "deals" in
our recent primary, but know tnat one of tbe
legislative candidates failed to commit bluiself
on tbe slump against tbe new county.
Tbis was an oversight on tbe part of our Abbeville
friends, but Greenwood took advantage
of it, dropped a little territory an<l run
bim in. If there were any trades, tbe goods
will be delivered In due time. Tbey are all
bonorable men if we did vote against some of
An lndepeneent fight now, If unsuccessful,
means a second term for Evans and Irby.
In tbe deatb of Mrs. J. G. Waller at tbe age
ol 90 years another land mark is removed.
Tbose only who knew her home life could
most appreciate her real wortb. Simple,
Rlaln and unpretentious as tbat life was she
ved it not (or herself alone but for suffering
humanity everywhere. The writer knows
bow liberally and willingly she responded to
every distress call. She made a profession of
religion early In life and at tbe time of ber
deatb was a member of Mt. Morlab Baptist
church. Three children survive her. Hon.
C A, C. and C Q. Waller. Mrs R. E. Ulbba.
Mr. Moore who has been with D. C. DuPre
Is now with J. K. Durst & Co.
Mr. R. A. Calhoun will buy cotton here this
Mr. J. 8. Bailey has put an Improved sys
tern of water works on bis premises.
Tlie conservatives of coarse are free to do
just as they please. They owe no allegiance
to Mr. Evans, muohless are they bound or
weded to Senator Butler, his own course has
estranged them. In his attempt to make
friends of bis enemies he has made enemies
of his friends otherwise, in bis political death
he would now have 32,000 true and loyal sympathisers
lustead of a few hired mourners
A a oddity In the way of an open letter was
one recently sent to Senator Sutler without
the. writers signature, and which the Register
greedily published. Tbis sort or bushwhacking
never hurts the one for whom It Is intended.
Mrs, Ellaufcbetb Logan and Mrs. J. C. Foster
will please accept the thanks of our household
far nice baskets of vegetables.
While rusticating in the oonntry It was our
privilege to atteud preaubipg at Greenville
church. Many of the faces we met there
tweoty years ago are gone. ; Other new oues
Oil their pews, but there are-*>11II many familiar
ones whom It was our graolous privilege
Two years henoe will be time enough to sep
arate the Democrats from me ropuuam ?uu
thai Is as early as it can be done. A good
Democrat won't spot' nor be led off to the
''light Id the Went." Don't be fooled.
Hon. Johu T. Duncan, ol Newberry, was In
Mm. Annie Tarrant* resldenoe Is going up
Born on Byrd street to Mrs. Z. F. Cook a
Capt. H. 8. Sparkman has returned from ,
The ginnery at the OH Mill Is now ready for
Greenwood Is specially Interested In the
It Is said that Senator Butler oan oominand
any amount of money he needs lor campaign
purposes. If It Is true and he Is using any of
It for subsiding the antl press It must have
taken a good slump of It. if any at all to move
(V, B. Williams from his autl negro, auti Butler.antl
Independent and all together comfortable
position on the fence.
Mess, Graham and Watson are delighted
with the vole they received, that wlthlu the
territory shown that we are practically unanimous
for a new county. Their vote outside I*
equivalent to a petition six feel long also fa
Every old veteran should have a badge
Eteese & DuPre have a tew veteran badges
vblch they will sell very cheap.
Have you seen those Ladles Congress Imiation
button at Cross & Martin's ? For beauy,
style aud comfort they can't be beat,
'all aud see them.
Lamp cblmueys, all sizes, at G. W. Lomax'a
Nperclieii by MeftMrn. I.Htlmer Had
1 At a public meeting Id the Court House
Ia?t Monday, Congressman A. C. Latimer
gave ?n account of Ills stewardship In a good
speech of an hour's length.
Much of his time was devoted to national
politics, of which we know nothing, but the
views which he presented were lorcibly put
and well said.
While not agreeing with President Cleveland,
Mr. Lntlmer gave biro the highest
praise for integrity and honest of purpose.
H In objection to Mr. Cleveland lay In tbe fact
that he came from tbe east, and must of necessity
be In sympathy with tbe section to
which he was more closely allied.
He opposed the "sub-treasury plan," and
(bought the direct issue money from tbe
treasury the belter plan for giving the needed
relief to Che Deople.
He said the new tariff law whb an excellent
Mr. Latimer's speech van well received,
and bl8 constituents seem satisfied with bin
course In Waxbington. mo unanimous reelection
last week was the highest compliment
that could be paid to any one.
General Hemphill was called upon and acquitted
himself most satisfactorily to bla
irleuds. He pledged anew bis fidelity to the
Mr J. C. Klugh said: Mr. Chairman. I bad
not expected to say anything when 1 came
Into tbls meeting But it seems to me that
this large and representative assemblage of
the Democracy of Abbeville County ought to
Klve.some expression of sentiment Id view of
the efforts and preparations now being made
toruu an independent ticket and thus disrupt
and overthrow tbe Democratic Party in this
State. Every man baa tbe right, 81 r, to bave
his say and to oast his vote. But no man bas
the right to bring anxiety and distress and
danger to our homes wble* ?ucb a bolt as tbl*
threatens. It is best thai white men rule this
state,best for us and best for tbe negro. I need
not urgue that. Every mao has bad tbe opportunity
to express bis choice. Ills now every
man's duly to submit to tbe voice and tbe will
of the majority. I bave sketched ibelollowlng
resolutions, which I now offer and move their
whereas an lndependme.it movement Is
threatened that will divide tbe white people
of South Carolina and endanger white
supremacy : Resolved, That we tne Demo
cram oi Aooeviiie ixiuuiv iu iuuius uieeiiug
deprecate such a movement and view Willi
deep regietaswell as astonUhrrvpct tbe coui*e
taken by Geu. M. C. Butler whom we bare
always regaided aa a patriot devoted to tbo
beat interest* of South Carolina and bavet'.^.
ported blm as such.
2nd. That we denounce 'he effort* of designing
men wbo have bwo defeated before
the people to divide tbe white people and destroy
the Democratic party which la tbe only
bulwark of our liberty In South Carolina.
8rd. That we will stand to tbe prtnoiplas
which we and our fatbera hare fought lor and
4th, -That we will anpport for offlce onlv
such men as stand by the result of oar priraary
elections and will oppose to tbe utmost
those wbo lavor or countenance any otber
Tbe motion wasjnuraeroualy seconded and
being put to tbe meeting tbe resolutions were
Big Sacrifice in
IT ' /
?Fancy Cassimere Suits -AT
Wedo this to make room for our lmmeoae
stock which our Mr. Rosenberg t?U1 buy
when in the Northern market*.
ALL FANCY CASSIMERE PANTS REGULAR
85.00 aud $6.00 PANTS FOR
THESE PRICES ARE GOOD FOR IS
DAYS ONLY FROM DATE. COME
P. ROSENBERG & CO.
Sept. 3,1991, tf
1 \JLl UiiUU Ult ilLlill i
A A n ACRES. MOUNTAIN VIEW. BA8'x'xv
(?00 AURE"*. GILES ESTATE, MONTERJ.
T. BnSKIN, M. D.
Monterey, S. C.. Sept. 4,1S9J, 3t *
SEVERAL otce and comfortable bed rooms
over Bell's and Speed's stores. Large windows
and good Are places In each. Apply to
P. B. Speed or W. A. Templeton.
JOHN A. I>EVLIN.
-WILL RESUME irs EXKRC1SES ONiw,
an. 17, m
Tuition Free to all Resident Pupils.
Non-Residents will be charged m follows :
Pupils In Grades 1 to 4 91 00 monthly
Pupils In Grades 5 to8 81.50 monthly.
Pupils In Grade6 9 to 11 82.(10 monthly.
A contingent fee of 31-30 Is required of all
pupils. S1.U0 of which Is payublH In advance,
the balance is payable during the Aral wtek
All contingent fees are applied to the fuel
find Jaultor account.
Sept. 5, 1891.
nan ami pn
WALIfcH L, MILLtli,
Attorney at Law,
Abbeville, S. C.
Sept. 5. 18W?lin.
The State of South Carolina,
COUNTY OP ABBEVILLE.
lu the Matter of the Estate of W. E. Barmore,
Petition for Settlement aud Discharge.
WH. MAYS, a? Executor for said Katflte
having applied for settlement, and discharge.
Jt is Okdf.ked, That Thursday the fourth
day of October uexi be fixed for granting the
relief prayed for. J. PULLER LYON,
Sept. -lib, 1M'J4. Judge Probate Court.
House and Lot for Sale.
IOFFKK FOR SALE MY HOUSE and LOT
on Moseley Ferry road In the town of Abbeville.
Terum eaay. Apply to W. S. Cothran,
J. Allen Smith, or to uie at Ureei:ville, s.
C. T. P. COTH RAN.
March 15, 189S, tf
Fall goods arriving at HaUdoati.
Smoke Cedar Key* cigars at G. VV. Loiaax'a,