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BiTTLE OF THE BALLOTS.
EESULTS OF THE ELECTIONS
IN FORTY-ONE STATES.
He Republicans Carried Most of the
Doubtful States, Including Nev?
York, New Jersey, Connecticut,
lilt n I. T)- Kll?
OUIUU13 ? VUUj;iCOB 13 ivcpuuiiuail
?New York Goes Anti-Tammany.
Torty-one of the forty-four States In the
Ifrdon have elected Representatives to the
Wftj-fourth Congress, and twenty-one States
tested Legislatures which will choose United
Twenty States elected Governors, nine
lected minor State officers, and three States
?Hew York, California, and South Caroha?1voted
upon important constitutional
The States which elected Governors are
California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware,
Idaho, Kansas, Massachusetts, Michigan,
Minnesota, Nebraska, Nevada. New
Hampshire, New York, North Dakota, Pennsylvania
South Carolina, South Dakota,
Tennessee, Texas, Wisconsin and Wyoming.
G0VEBN0B-ELBCT LEVI P. MOBTOTT.
In three States ? Maine, Vermont and
Oregon?elections of Congressmen and State
ffloers were held earlier In the year. Each
I thesa States elected fall Republican
The present House has 214 Democrats, 126
^Republicans,and twelve Populists. There will
be 356 members In the next House, and
cither of the leading parties require 179
sen to obtain control.
An me senate mere are at present wrijrfour
Democrats, thirty-six Republicans,
throe Populists, and the two sliver Senators
Legislatures had already been chosen In
Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Maine and
Oregon which will elect United States Senators.
These Legislatures will choose men
f the same political party as that ol Senatore
whose places are to be filled.
The States wbioh have just elected Legisfeitures
which will have the naming of
United States Senators are California, Colorado,
Delaware. Idaho, Illinois, Kansas,
Massachusetts, Mlohlgan, Minnesota, Montana.
Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey.
North Carolina, South Carolina, South
Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Washington,
West Virginia and Wyoming. Eaoh of these
States will elect one Senator, except Michigan,
Montana, North Carolina and Wyoming,
where two Senators are to be ohoseu.
: The election results in eaoh State and Territory,
as far as known when this side of the
taper went to press, are as follows
' Alabama eleoted nine Representative* in
Congress. The present delegation is solidly .
The Democrats elected eight Congressmen
fVio Dnnii Wofa ana T7/m?iv/4
kuw A wuo?uvn UUt
;>M : ARKANSAS.
- Arkansas eleotei six Representatives In
Congress. All the present Representatives
are Democrats. i
' All the Congressmen are Democratic.'
California elected a Governor, a fall State
ticket, seven. Representatives In Congress,
kalf the State. Senate and an entire
Assembly. The Legislature will eleot a
United States Senator. California elected
, a Republican Governor in 1890 by 7831
Btarailty. in 1892 it eleoted one Republican
and seven Democratic Presidential
. electors by a olo3e vote, and four Democratic
and three Republican Congressmen.
Both sides claimed California on ,the! day
mft**r election, but it was certain tfeat the
Democrats elected their candidate for Gov
?mor. it was also certain that the legislature
Colorado elected a Governor, a full State
ticket, two Representatives in Congress, and
a Legislature which will elect a United
Kates Senator. In 1892 the candidate of
the People's party and stiver Democrats for
Governor had a plurality of 6316 over the
Sepublioan candidate, and for President,
Weaver (Pop.) had a plurality of 14,964 over
Harrison. Doth the present Representatives
are Populists. <
The Republican State ticket was elected
?Y a majority of 18,000, Waite, the Populist,
leing defeated. Tne vote was heavy, and
the women took a large and active part.
Connecticut elected a Governor, Lieutenant-Governor,
Secretary of State, Treasurer,
Comptroller, a full Legislature, and four Representatives
<n Congress. The State gave
Cleveland 5367 plurality in 1892, and Morris
(Dem.) for Governor 6151 plurality. Of the
present Representatives three are Democrats
and one a Republican.
The Republicans swept the State, electing
their entire Gubernatorial ticket and all four
Congressmen and obtaining an overwhelming
majority in both branohes of the Legislature.
New Haven, usually Democratic by
from 3000 to 4000, is Republican by over 3000,
lecting all the Republican candidates, even
the Judge of Probate.
Delaware elected a Governor, a Legislature
which wll^ oboose a United States Senator,
and one Representative in Congress. The
State gave Cleveland 504 plurality in 1892,
and the Democratic candidate for Governor
#43 plurality in 1893. The present Representative
Is a Democrat.
A Wilmington dispatch on the morning
iter election stated that the Democrats
An/toHa^ fKfl olaAflAn A# *hn DAMnKIUnn
wuvvuvu iuu oiouuuu vii wu^7 ltupuunuau
State ticket and the Republican candidate
lor Congress by a majority of about 1200.
The Legislature is Republican and will elect
a. Republican United States Senator.
Florida elected two Representatives in
Congress. Both the present Representatives
A. solid Democratic delegation was returned
Georgia elected eleven Representatives in
Congress. The present delegation is solidly
The Democrats ol Georgia returned a solid
delegation to Congress. Speaker Crisp was
Iowa elected minor State officers, with
leven Representatives in Congress. The
State gave Harrison a plurality of 22,985 in
1892, and Jackson (Rep.) for Governor a
plurality of 32,356 in 1893. There is only
?ne Democrat among the present Represen.
With the exception of two julicial cnndliates
the Republican State ticket was
lected by a majority of about 70,000. The
Eepublicans elected ten Congressmen, and
the result in the Second District was in
Aoubt, with the chances in favor of Walter
1. Hayes (Dem.) by a small majority.
Idaho elected a Governor and other State
fflcer#, a Legislature which will choose a
United States Senator, and one Representative
in Congress. The State gave the People-Democratic
fusion eleotoral ticket a
plurality of 1921 in 1892, and the Republican ,
candidate for Governor a plurality of 1409 in ,
1890. The present Representative is a Repoblican.
The Democrats concede that Wi'son (Rep.)
fc elected, lor Congress. Careful estimates
gate the State to the Republicans by 2000 for
the entire State ticket. The Legislature was
close, although there was a certainty, ac?
cording to the latest returns, that it would
Indiana elected all the State officers except
Governor and Lieutenant-Governor,' a
Legislature, and thirteen' Representatives in
Congress. The State gave Cleveland a plurality
of,' 64S2 in 1892, "and the Democratic
candidate tor Governor a plurality of 6976.
All but two of the present Representatives
Well distributed returns from different
sections of Indiana indicated the election of
the Republican State ticket and all of the
Congressmen. Holman and Bynum were defeated.
Illinois elected minor State offloers, halt
the State Senate, and an entire Assembly
(the new Legislature will choose a United
States Senator), and twenty-two Representatives
in Congress. The State gave Cleveland
a plurality of 26,993 in 1892, and Harrison a
plurality of 22,104 in 1883. The present Representatives
are divided equally between the
The Republicans carried the State by a
plurality of at least 100,000. Henry Wulff,
Republican nominee, who heads the ticket,
having been elected sy these figures. Tho
Legislature will be Republican on joint ballot,
securing the election of a Republican
United States Senator. Cook County,
which includes Chicago, gave an
average Republican majority of from
30,000 to 40,000. Tbe Populist vote was
very heavy. Mayor Hopkins conoeded the
election of the entire Chicago city ticket by
15,000 Republican majority. The State
elected sixteen Republican Congressmen and
Chicago probably five. The Republicans
claimed the election of Connelly over William
M. Springer, by 1000 majority.
Kansas elected a Governor And a full list
of other State officers, a lower house of the
Legislature, which will vote for United
States Senator, and eight Representatives In
Congress. The fusion electoral ticket received
a plurality of 5870 In 1892, and in 1888
Harrison had a plurality of 80,159. Of the
present Representatives three are Populists
and five are Reoublicans.
Meagre returns Indicated that the Republicans
elected their State ticket. Republicans
elected Edmund N. Morrill Governor
over Lorenzo D. Lewelling, the Populist
S>resent Incumbent. Jerry Simpson was deeated
for Congress, and a Republican Legislature
Kentuoky elected four Judges of the Court
of Appeals and eleven Representatives In
Congress. It gave Cleveland 40,020 plural
Ity In 1892. All but one ot its present nepresentatlves
The Republicans 'elected Ave Congressmen
and the Democrats four, two being in
doubt on the morning after the election. In
Colonel Breckinridge's Congress dlstriot
Owens (Dem.), the man who beat Breckinridge
after a sensational campaign, was
Louisiana elected six Representatives in
Congress. The delegation is now solidly
According to first returns Louisiana returned
a full Democratic delegation to Cokgress
despite the bolt of the sugar planters
In the first three districts.
Maryland elected six Representatives in
Congress. The present delegation is solidly
' On the day after the election > indications
were that three of the six Congressmen
would be Republican. The Republicans
J- 1 -11 AL- Oi-i- T?
liltfcUO JJt%1W3 ail UVOf IUO OlttlO. JLU mo 1UUU
District Rusk (Dem.) was elected ; John K.
Cowen (Dem.) was also elected to suoceed
Massachusetts elected Governor and other
State offloers, a Legislature whioh will
ohoose a United States Senator, and thirteen
Representatives In Coogress. (t gave Harrison
26,001 pluralitv in 1892 and a Republican
plurality of 35,697 for Governor in 1891.
Otits present Bepresentatives four are Democrats
and nine Republicans. .)
Returns indicated the election of the entire
Republican State ticket by larger pluralities
than those of last year, when Greenhalge
was eleoted Governor by 35,697 plurality
over John E. Russell, who was also
this year's candidate on the Democratic
ticket.' Twelve out Of thirteen Congressmen
have been elected by the Republicans, The
Legislature la overwhelmingly Republican.
Michipa* elected Governor and other
State offloers. a Legislature which will
choose two United States Senators, and
twelve Representatives in Congress. Of the
present Representatives flvo are Democrats
and seven Republicans.
Reports Indicated the election of John T.
Rioh (Bep.) for Governor, over S. 0. Fisher
(Dem.), by upward of 65,000. The whole
Republican State ticket :was elected. The
Republicans were sure of every Congress
district but the Second and Tenth, with indications
that all twelve have gone Republican.
The Legislature will elect two Republican
United States Senators.
Minnesota elected a Governor and other
State officers, seven Representatives in Congress,
an Assembly, and one-half the State
Senate. The Legislature will elect a United
States Senator. Minnesota gave Harrison
22,157 plurality in 1892 and Nelson (Rep.) for
Governor 14,521. There are four Republicans,
two Demoorats and one Populist In the
present delegation to Congress.
Knute Nelson (Rep.) has been re-elected
Governor by about 20,000. The indications
nr/?a fVinf f ha anfiva C^n^a tttam 1A V>a
ytcio ku(h vuo wiaio iiwavb nvutu ud
elected, except one Associate Jastice. A
solid Bepubiican Congressional delegation
Mississippi elected seven Representatives
in Congress (the delegation is now Democratic)
and voted on a Constitutional Amendment.
All seven Congressmen elected are Democrats.
The Populists made gains.
Missouri elected minor State officers, a
Legislature and fifteen Representatives in
Congress. The State gave Cleveland 4480
plurality in 1892, and the Democratic candidate
for Governor 29,790 plurality. There
are two Republicans in the present delegation
Partial returns showed reduced Democratic
majorities. Crowder (Rep.) is elected
Congressman ia the Fourth District. Thu
State delegation it was thought would
stand seven Democrats and eight Republicans,
a train of six for the latter. Judgt
Black (Dam.) was defeated for the State
Supreme Bench. The Republicans elected
their entire Slate ticket and the Legislature.
MONT AS A.
Montana elected a Justice of the Supreme
Court, one Representative in Congress,
members of the Legislature, which will
choose two United States Senators, and voted
on the Question whether Helena or Ann.
oonda shall be the State capital. Harrison
had 1270 plurality In 1832. The present Rep
resentatlve is a Republican.
Republicans elected their State ticket an.l
have a majority on joint ballot in the Legislature,
Insuring the election of two United
States Senators. Helena probably wins the
Nebraska elected a Governor find othei
State officers, a Legislature which wil
choose a Unltei States Senator,and six Representatives
in Congress. The Domocrati
and Populists fused on the Stato ticket. Th<
State gave Harrison 4957 plurality in 1892
01 the present Representatives throe ar<
Republicans, two Populists and one is i
Republicans elected their f-ntlro 8tat<
ticket and the Legislature. All the Congressmen
but one are Republicans.
Nevala elcotod a Governor and othoi
State officers, a Representative in Congresi
and a Legislature. In 18U2 it ruvo Weavei
4645 plurality over Harrison, casting onlj
711 votes for Clfiveland. The present Representative
is a Populist.
N^wlands, silver Congressman. 19 elected
by 4C00. Neither silverltes nor Republicans
would concede the State.
New Hampshire elected a Gorrrnor, a
Legislaturewnich will choose a United States
Senator, and two Representatives in Congress.
It gave Harrison 3547 plurality in
1892. Both the present Representatives are
The Republicans elected their candidates
for Governor and Congressmen by an estimated
majority of 10,000.
New Jersey elected one-third of the StateQanotA
an onflra AaaomKlr T.oolfllatnrfl
will vote for United States Senator), and 1
eieht Representatives In Congress. It gave
Cleveland a plurality of 14,974 in 1892. 0!
the present representatives six are Democrats
and two Republicans.
New Jersey Republicans elected eight
Congressmen, and fifty-six out of sixty Assemblymen,
and a Republican will therefore
succeed "United States Senator McPhersoD.
The Republicans swept everything, with; the
exception of Hudson County (Jersey City),
where they lost six members of the Assembly.
New York elected a Governor, LieutenantGovernor,
Judge of the Court of Appeals,
members of Assembly and thirty-four Representatives
in Congress. The people also
voted upon the revised Constitution submitted
by the recent Constitutional Convention,
and separately upon the amendments
relating to the Legislative apportionment
and to canal improvement. The candidates
for Governor were: David B. Hill, Demoorat;
Everett P. Wheeler, Damocratio Reform
; Levi P, Morton, Republican ; Charles
B. Matthews. Populist: Francis E. Baldwin,
Prohibition, and Charles H. Matohett, Soolalist-Labor.
The vote of the State fot
President in 1892 was: Democratic, 654,868 j
Republican, 609,350; Populist. 16,429; Prohibition,
88,190. The vote lor Secretary of
State In 1893 was: Democratic. 620,614;
Republicans, 545,093 ; Populist, 16,818 ; Prohibition,
34,341; Socialist Labor, 20,823;
scattering, 3362. The present Assembly
contains seventy-one Republicans and fiftysix
Democrats. The present representation
In Congress contains twenty Democrats and
W. Ik STH0N3, NEW YORK'S NEW MAYOR.
Levi P. Morton (Rep.) was eieoted Governor
over David B. Hill (Dem.) by a majority
of from 152,000 to 155,000. Charles T. S&xton
was elected Lieutenant-Governor by a less
majority over Daniel Lockwood (Dam.).
Albert T. Haiarht (Rep.) was elected Judge
of the New York Court of Appeals by at
least 150,000 plurality The Republicans have
a large majority In the Assembly, and as the
Senate is already Republican, they will have
a good working majority on joint ballot. In
the olty of New York SenAtor Hill
has a plurality of 2795, while In
Kings' County Mr. Morton has reversed
the plurality of 18,000 given to Mr. Flower
..J V fc LU.l VI. -
auu mts pui tuai piurauiy iu uw? uwu ureuu,
making a Republican gain of 36,000. The entire
Republican looal ticket was elected in
Kings. The entire anti-Tammany tioket in
New York City, with Mr. Strong at Its head,
was elected by majorities ranging from
84,000 to 53,000, those for Mr. Strong and
Mr. Go IT reaching toward the higher figure.
The Republicans apparently carried all
the Constitutional amendments. The question
of the consolidation of Brooklyn and
other suburban cities and towns with New
York seemed to have been decided in the affirmative,Brooklyn
votingagatast It, and other
towns, so far as heard from, sustaining her.
The Republicans also gained largely in their
Congressional delegation. Ot ten candidates
for Congress, chosen either partly or
wholly by New York City votes, Tammany
has elected, or helped to elect, five, and the
Renubllcans five, a Tammany loss of four.
Amo9 J. Cummlngs was defeated by Shancon
(Rep.) and Quigg (Sep.) was also reelected.
The Republicans claim to have
gained foorteen Congressmen in the State,
North Carolina elected minor offloers, a
legislature which will choose two United
States Senators, and nine Representatives In
Congress. It gave Cleveland 32,605 plurality
In 1892. The present representation In Congress
contains eight Democrats and one Republican.
The fusion of tho Republicans and Populists
carried the State. The Democrats
claimed only three Congressmen, but the
Fusionists did not concede them any. The
Democrats lose the Legislature.
North Dakota elected a Governor and
other State officers, a Legislature, and a
Representative in Congress. It gave the
Demooratic-Peoples fusion ticket 181 plurality
in 1892. The present Representative is a
The Republicans win' on Governor and
State ticket by 12,000. Congressman Johnson
(Rep.) defeated Mulr (Pop.). The Legislature
is strongly Republican.
Ohio elected minor State officers aad
twenty-one Representatives in Congress. It '
gave a Republican plurality of 80.995 in 1893,
and of 1072 for President in 1892. Of the
present Representatives in Congress eleven
are Democrats and ten Republicans.
Taylor, head of the ticket, candidate for
Secretary of State and the present Incumbent,
was elected by a plurality of about 135,000;
at least nineteen rvepuoiuau v/uuKxessmeu
were elested and both branches of the General
Assembly are Republican. Congressman
Outhwaite (Dem.) was defeated by more
than 1200 plurality.
Pennsylvania elected a Governor and other
State officers, two Representatives-at-Large
in Congress,besides twenty-eight by districts.
It gave a Republican plurality of 135,146 for
Treasurer in 1893, and of 63,747 for President
in 1892. Nine of its present Representatives
are Democrats and the rest are Republicans.
Early returns indicated that the Republican
State ticket would have 235,000 majority.
The Republicans claimed tne election
of twenty-nine Congressmen. Every county
in the State shows Republican gains.
Rhode Island elected two Representatives
in Congress; the present two are Democrats.
Both Republican candidates for Congress
were elected by large majorities?Melville
Bull in the First, and Warren O. Arnold in
the Second District.
South Carolina elected a Governor and
other State officers, a Leglslajure which
will choose a United States Senator, and
seven Representatives in Congress. It gave
Cleveland 41,314 plurality in 189 2. The
present Representatives in Congress Include
six Democrats and one Republican.
Figures indicated the election of Evans,
Tlllmanite, lor Governor, and the rest of the
State ticket by 30,000. The delegation to
Congress Is solidly Dornoc.-atic. Tae Legislature
is Tlllmanite, and will elect Tillmau
to succeed Butler in the United States Senate.
8outh Dakota elected State officers, a Legislature
which will choose a United States
Senator, and two Representatives in Congress.
It gave Harrison 8344 plurality in
1892. The present Representatives are Republican.
Early indentions wers thnt the Rcpubll
enn ticket, including two Congressmen-ai
Large, had been elected by a lar^e plurality.
The State ticket has about 4000 plurality, and
the Legislature is Republican.
Tennessee elected a Governor, a Legislature
which will choose a United States Senator,
and ten Representatives in Congress, It
gave Cleveland 36,504 plurality in 1892.
Eight of the present Representatives are
Democrats and two Republicans.
A delegation of six Democrats and four
Republicans will go to Congress, and a Democratic
Legislature will return Isham G. Harris
to the Senate. The former JDemocratlo
majorities were very much reduced. The
Democrats conceded the election of Evans
(B?p.) as Governor by at least 5000.
Texas eleoted a Governor and'other State
officers, a Legislature which will choose a
United 8tates Senator, and thirteen Representatives
in Congress. It gave Cleveland
189,460 plurality in 1892. All Its present
Representatives are Democrats.
Populists made large gains, and earliest
returns showed four Congressional districts
in doubt, with the* chances favoring the
Democrats. The entire Democratic State
ticket was elected.
Virginia elected ten Representatives In
Congress. Its present Representatives are
Virginia elected a solid Democratic delegation
Washington elected two Supreme Court
Judges, a Legislature which will choose a
United States Senator, and two Representatives
in Congress. It gave Harrison 6658
plurality in 1892.' Both its present Repre
ientatives are Republicans.
Early indications were that the Republican
State ticket was elected by 9000 plurality.
The Republicans have fourteen plurality
on joint ballot in the Legislature.
West Virginia elected thirteen State Senators
and an Assembly which will choose a
United States Senators and four Representatives
in Congress. It gave Cleveland 4174
plurality in 1892. Its present Representatives
in Congress are all Democrats.
Earliest results indicated the election of
all the Republican Congressmen. The defeat
of W. L. Wilson, Chairman of the House
Ways and Means Committee, by about 2000
majority was claimed by the Republicans.
The Legislature will be Republican on joint
Wisconsin eleoted a Governor and other
State officers, nineteen State Senators' and a
complete Assembly, and ten Representatives
in Congress. It gave Cleveland 6470
plurality in 1892. Of its present Representatives
in Congress six are Democrats and
The Republicans carried the State by over
68,000 plurality for Governor Upham and
their State tioket. The Republicans elected
the ten Congressmen. The Legislature is
Republican in both branches. The Populists
made large gains.
Wyoming elected complete State tioket, a
Legislature which will choose two United
States Senators, and one Representative In
Congress. It gave Harrison a plurality of
732 In 1892. nnd nlneted a Democrat to Con
cress on a fusion ticket.
Latest returns Indicated that William A.
Riohards (Rep.) was elected Governor,
with the rest of the State! tloket by 2000.
The Republicans have the majority on joint
ballot in the Legislature.
Arizona elected one Delegate to Congress.
Returns indicated the election of Murphy
(Rep.) as Delegate t<) Congress.
New Mexico elected one Delegate to Congress.
Oklahoma electe.l one Delegate to Congress.
Five towns etve Flynn (Rep.) for Congress
11.466; Wisby (Dam.) 966; Beaumont
(Pop.) 667. The election of the Republican
Utah elected one Delegate to Congress and
voted on the Statehood question.
TJtan Republicans electtd their Conijressman
and will control the Constitutional
The Next House Republican.
. The returns from many of the Congress
districts, particularly in the Soutb, were
slow in comiiig in, but the New York Sun's
figures showed in the morning after election
that the ReDubllcans would have a good
working majority. William L. Wilson, W. D.
Bynum, Wm. M. Springer, and'other prominent
Democrats were snowed under by the
great tidal wave, but the old Republican
leaders have all pulled thrcutn. The
Populists have suffered greatly, and their
most conspicuous mouthpiece, J err/ 8imp- .
son, of Kansas, will be absent irom the *
Tom Watson, of Georgia, who was prominent
In the Fifty-second Congress, is defeated.
Lafe Pence, the sliver-tongued Populist
of Colorado, will also remain at home.
Owens, of Kentucky, who made the successful
fight for nomination against Breckinridge,
has defeated his Republican opponent
; the Democrats also lost
several other districts in Kentucky.
West Virginia, Michigan, Connecticut, New
Jersey, and other States send solid Republican
delegations, while New York. Ohio,
Pennsylvania, Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin
and Massachusetts do nearly as well.
Mr. J. B. Babcock, the Chairman of the
Republican Congressional Committee, telegraphed
Mr. Apsley, the Vice-Chairman of
the committee at Boston late on election
night, as follows:
"The returns from Congress districts are
yet incomplete. We have carried twentyfour
districts in New York, three in West
Virginia, three in Connecticut, three in Kentucky
; defeated the free traders Johnson in
unio ana wiison in west nrgiuia, uu x estimate
that we will control the next House
by a much larger majority than the committee
Late lnnicatlons are that the House will
stand as follows: Republicans, 239; Democrats,
118; Populists, 9.
CZAR NICHOLAS C.
Russia's New Sovereign Assumes the
Emperor NIoholas IL, of Russia, has issued
a proclamation at St. Petersburg announcing
the death of his father, Emperor
Alexander TIL. and eontlnulne as fol'ows:
"May we be consoled by the consciousness
that onr sorrow Js the sorrow of the whole
of cur beloved people, and mav the people
not forget that the strength and stability of
Holy Russia lies In her unit" to us and her
unbounded devotion to us. We, however. In
this sad and solemn 'hour, when ascending
the ancestral throne of the Russian Empire
and the Cmvrdom of Poland and the Grand
Duchy of Finland. indissolubly connected
therewith, we. in the presence of the Most
Hieh, record our solemn vow that we will
always make our sole aim the peaceful development
of the power and crlory of beloved
Russia and the happiness of our faithful
Tho proclamation concludes by dlrectina
the oath of allegiance to be taken to him,
Emperor Nicholas II.. and also the Grand
Duke George, his successor, until God shall
vouchsafe to bless with a son the union into
which the Emperor Is about to enter with
Princess Allx of Hesse-Darmstadt.
The Imperial heralds, olad In brilliant uniforms.
accomnanled by trumpeters, announced
at 9 o'clock a. m. the death of Emperor
Alexander III. and the accession to
the throne of Emperor Nloholas II. The
heralds were escorted by a military Ruard
through the prlnolpal streefs. The trumpeters
would blow three blasts, when the
heralds would proolaim the death of one
Emperor and official birth of another. This
proclamation was made from every place of
vantage on the route taken by tho heralds.
The following is the official correspondence
in connection with the death of the
"From Llvadla. Received November 2
"To the President of the United States of
"I have the sorrow to irapp.rt to you the
cruel lo?s that I and Russia have just sustained
in the person of my belovod father,
Emperor Alexander, deceased this day.
To this the President renlled as follows:
"Washixotok. Novmb?r 2, 189L
"To His Majesty Nicholas II.. E.nparor of
"I hasten to express my heartfelt sympathy
and the sympathy of my countrymen with
the royal family and the Russian people in
their affliction by reason of the death of your
honored father. GnovER Cleveland."
The deviation from the usual custom of
sending messages of condolence through the
8eoretary of State was taken in the present
instance because Emperor Nicholas, in
notifying the President of his father's death,
made the notification more personal than ofioiaL
Dn. Harris, Commissioner of Education,
reports that twenty-three per cent, of the
population attended school during the past
year, but that the average attendance was
Vnly eighty-nine days.
THE ffHITE CZffllM
TEE AUTOCRAT OF ALL RUSSIA
The Only Emperor of Russia Who
Has Died a Natural Death Since
Peter the Great?Sketch of His
Career?The New Czar and His
The long struggle is over, and Alexander
III., Czar of Bussla, lies dead in bis palace
The Czar died very peacefully at 2.15 p.
m., surrounded by the members of his lamlly.
He was fully conscious up to the time
of his death. The Czarina was at his bedside
to the end.
When all was over the Czarevltob, Grand
THE IATE XLEXANDEB IJ
Duohess Xenia and the other Imperial |
relatives approached the bedside In turn to
take a last farewell.
The court officials and members of His
Majesty's suite were afterwards admitted.
The flag oyer the palace was placed at halfmast
and a salute was fired by the vessels in
Shortly after 4 o'olock the members of the
Palace Guard were marshaled in the Bquare
in front of the palooe ohapel for the ceremony
of swearing allegiance to the new
Czar. They were the first to take the oath.
MABIE FE0D0B0VNA, THE CZABBTA.
The Grand Dukes were the next to swear
allegiance, and they were followed in the
order of preoedence by the high court functionaries,
court officials, military officers
and civil officials.
When the doctors informed the Czar that
there was no longer room for hope, His
Majesty composedly waited for the end. attending
to necessary State and iamily affairs
in the short intervals of consciousness and
freedom from pain.
OHAJTD DUKE NICHOJ
These wre necessarily brief, the doctors
having had recoureo to sedatives to procure
sleep and allay pain.
On the day before his death the Czar was
still able to be taken to a window of the
palace, whence he gazed out upon the country
he lovt?d so well ns to earn for himself the
appellation of the "Peasant Czar."
The night passed with an aggravation of
all the symptoms and a continuous distressing
cough. The doctors and the Czarina remained
In attendance upon him throughout
the night, only snatching brief Intervals of
sleep in the ante-rooms.
The morning broke with rain and wind
and heavy clouds and the weather much
colder. As the day advanoetl the weakness
inereased so rapidly that the Czar himself,
still conscious, recognized that he could
only live a few hours.
He expressed a desire to receive the sacrament,
which was administered to him by
Court Chaplain Yanlsheff and Father Ivan
in the presenoe of the whole fan^Jy.
The Czar then conversed long and earnestly
with Father Ivan, concluding by asking
his family to again gather round him. H^
spoke to each member separately and at the
greatest length with the Czarina. He blessed
all his children present The
scene was one of deep pathos, all being
In tears.- All this time His Majesty was
sitting up in an armchair. After taking
leave of his family he grew gradually weaker,
and his voice became so Indistinct that it
was scarcely audible.
About noon a convulsive fit of coughing
was followed by a slight rally. T}>enoe until
the end the Cear remained quiet, seemingly
free from pain.
At 2.15 o'clock he heaved a deep sigh and
breathed his last in the arms of the Empress,
who then broke down with the weight of her
The Prince of Wales, who, together with
the Princess of Wales, was enroute to LI
vaaia, leiegrapnea me intelligence ixuiu
Vienna to the Queen and to the Duke and
Duchess of York. The Queen immediately
dtepatohed a telegram of condolenoe to the
Premier Dupuy, as Minister of the Interior,
requested the Perfects of all the Departments
of France to half mast and drape
with crepe the flags on the National and d&
CX.f ZXFXBOB or BUS8U.
A St. Petersburg dispatch announces that
a conspiracy against the successor to the
throne has been discovered there. For several
days the polioe of the city have been
aotlvely arresting Nihilists, among them several
students. The police have obtained
It was also said that the life of the lovely
young Princess, All* of Hesse,the bethrothed
of the new Czar, who expected soon to be
Empress, was certainly to be taken by the
Sketch of the Late Czar.
The dead Czar was the second son of Alexander
IL and was born In St. Petersburg on
the 26th of February (modern style), 1845.
He and his eldest brother were educated under
the general dlreotlon of Coumt Stroganov,
who had for his assistants M. de Grimm
and H. Pobiedonostzev, the present head of
the Sacred Synod. Upon the death of the
Tsesarevitch. In 1865, he was recognized
formally as tne heir to the throne and was j
presented to thq Cossacks as their Ataman.
In the following year he was married to the
Princess Dagmar. daughter of the King of
Denmark, who had been betrothed to his
brother. During the Franco-Prussian war
his sympathies were understood to be with
the French, although hi* father favored the
Germans. In the war between Russia and
Turkey in 1877 he nominally commanded
the Twelfth and Thirteenth Army Corps and
was present at the bard fighting around
Schumla and Bustohuk and the bloody
struggles In front of Plevna.
The murder of his father by the Nihilists
in March, 1881, threw the whole Busslan
Nation into a panic, and the state of the
public mind was far from favorable to the
execution 01 tne piaiia 01 uuunu iciuiui
which be was believed to have at heart. Upon
his accession to the throne, he Issued a
manifesto simply asserting His absolute
power, and then withdrew to Gatchina,
where he remained In retirement for a long
Eerlod, until his publio coronation. Among
Is earliest aots were the substitution of
Count Ignatleff for General Lorls-Mellkoff
as Minister of the Interior, and the elevation
of his old tutor, Pcbledonostzev, to his present
position. He also appointed & de Giers
Minister of Foreign Affairs, upon the retirement
of the veteran Gortohakoff. His next
step was to cement the friendly relations
existing between Bussia and Austria and
Germany, but from the first he exhibited a
tendency to keep himself free from the complications
of European diplomacy and to
avoid entangling alliances.
His polioy In Asia was more aggressive
LAS, THE JfEW CZAB.
and he entered Into negotiations witn China,
which resulted in his obtaining important
mercantile concessions and. the extension of
his frontiers to the boundaries of Afghanistan
and Thibet. This excited anger and apprehension
in Great Britain, but the threatened
danger of a conflict was averted by the appointment
of special commissioners to settle
all frontier questions.
As regards the interior affairs of his empire
his reign was marked by great activity
on the part of the Nihilists and the adoption
of a vigorous policy of repression, not only
against open revolutionists, but students
and all young men exhibiting any traoe of
the modern progressive spirit. The natural
consequence of all this was a succession of
plots against his life, resulting in a condition
of nervous strain which Anally proved
too much for even his gigantic strength and
Twice officers in his own army tried to
shoot him. In 1888 he and his family narrowly
escaped death in a railway accident
near Borki, supposod to be the work of
Daring the lyt year or two the . financial
i : ^
relations between Bussla and Prance becama
very Intimate and a political friendship was
established whloh led the French to believe
that the Czar was ready to become the ally
Of the republlo In a European war. An Interchange
of naval courtesies provoked extraordinary
displays of National enthusiasm
In both countries, and In Paris the most extravagant
anticipations of coming revenge
upon Germany were cherished. The Czar,
however, threw cold water upon all these
patriotic aspirations and proclaimed himself
still the friend ot peace. Throughout his
public career he exerted his tremendous
powers in behalf of a pacific policy, and his
well-known horror of war has been regarded
for a long time as one of the surest foundations
of European oonfldenoe.
Personally the Czar was a good-natured
giant, wholly devoted to his family, and
never so happy as when he could get a brief
respite from political cares and state ceremony.
He was prouder of being reported
the strongest man in his dominions than of
his position as autocrat. The assassination
of nls father checked his earlier Impulses
towards liberalism, but his natural dlsposl
tlon was Just and kindly, although his intellect
was a little obtuse.
The Czar left five ohildrent the Crown
Prince Nicholas, twenty-severi years old;
the Grand Duke George, now ill In the south
of Russia; the Grand Duchesses Xenla and
Olga and the Grand Duke Michael, a boy In
his teens. In the ordinary course of events
the Crown Prinoe Nicholas would succeed to
the throne. In view of his physical weakness
and other peculiarities! there has been
much talk of a regency.
Alexander III.'s Successor
The question Is, "Who will succeed Alexander
LLL on the thro ne?" Russian history
presents numerous Instances of the Czarewitch
being set aside for another. It Is
known that the late Czar had grave doubts,
shared by many, as to the Czarewitch's abilities
Nicholas Alexandrovltoh is said to be short
in stature, insignificant in appearance, generally
supposed to be an idiot, but nevertheless
is possessed of many amiable and (tentie
qualities and a kind neazt, besides a very
Born in 1868, he developed so slowly and
showed so lew mental gilts, that his parents
called In a specialist to pronounce upon his
health. This scientific gentleman pronounced
the youth a congenital idiot, and was nearly
killed for his frankness by the irascible
Czar, who gave him a swinging blow on the
AjB a boy his appearance driving through,
the streets ot St. Petersburg in his Cossack
uniform, and seated In a small tlelgh, was
His masters, charged with the duty of educating
liim for his great position, in the
freedom of private conversation used to
testify to his intelligence and application.
It has been stated that he has no knowledge
of politics. This is not correct. For the
last five years he has been in the habit of
presiding over the Counoll of State, a duty
which his father's laziness made irksome to
him. At these meetings the young man conducted
the business with surprising ability
andtaot. Much more tact than his father
His father tried to marry him to one of the
daughters of Nlklta, Prince ot Montenegro,
but the young man resisted successfully,
and with a spirit much at variance with the
general Idea of his character. His engage
PBXKCESS ALII.OF HESSZ.
ment to the Princess Alix, which took place
last summer, at the silver wedding of the
Duke and Duchess of 8axe-Coburg, seems
to have had more of the element of mutual
attraction than generally appear In such
Jornr Wasaxaxeb had saved only $100 at
the age of twenty-three.
The last book read to Dr. Holmes was
"Alice in Wonderland,"
The Empress of Germany rises at six and
makes her husband's coffee with "her own
Pbixe Mkusteb Eosebebi declared for
the curtailment or abolition of hereditary
tnn>f*lnHira nrlirilAcea in an nddreaa at Brad*
It Is said President Cleveland did not
register in New York beoause he was told
by his advisers that he had lost his right
to vote there.
By removal of cataract Gladstone's righ
eye is good for the finest print, bnt upon his
left an immature cataract prevents his using
that eye in reading ordinary type.
General Eli 8. Parkeb, a full blooded
Seneca, is the only Indian who held a commission
in the Union Army during the war.
He is a lineal descendant of the great Chief,
Durham White Stevens, the American
Secretary of the Japanese legation at Washington,
was appointed Secretary of the
American legation at Tokyo when he was
twenty years old.
Ex-President Habbisox Is to be allowed
to choose the artist who shall paint his
portrait to be hung In the White House. and
a $2500 appropriation, already provided,
will cover the cost.
Oswold Ottendobfeb formed with Franz
Sigel and Carl Schura a trio of distinguished
German-Amerioans whose activity in the
revolution of 1848-9 made It necessary to
leave Germany for America.
THE LABOR WORLD.
It is said that Russian glassworkers get
from 956 to $86 per year.
The Metropolitan Gas Company of London
shares Its profits with Its employes.
The CottonWorkers'Protective Union has
joined the American Federation of Labor.
Buffalo (N. Y.) labor statistics say that
over 3000 women in that.city earn less than
82.50 each per week.
The National Brotherhood of Waiters is a
newly formed organization, with headquarters
at Nashville, Tenn.
Judoe Woolson, of the Federal Court in
Iowa, has lorbidden Wabash receivers to reduce
the wages of the employes.
Seventy-seven per ccnt. of the bakers and
nearly all the tailors in St. Paul, Minneapolis
and Duluth are of foreign birth.
The cloakmakers' strike is driving buyers
from New York City and causing manufacturers
to have goods made in Europe.
The general office of the United Green
Glass Workers' Association of the United
States and Canada has been removed to
Samuel Gompers is authority for the satement
that the membership of trades unions
in this country has increased 100,000 since
the Pullman strike.
PiTnirir Rradt.f.t. acred fortv-four. aDDlied
for work at the Lowell (Mass.) Boot Mills.
He was refused, and at once drowned himself
In the mill canal.
It is announced that one-half the sugar
refineries of the country have closed, and
that remaining ones will soon do likewise.
This, it is said, will mean the enforced idleness
of 10,000 employes.
The Canadian Enight9 of Labor have been
notified by the General Assembly that unless
they drop their present friendly attitude
toward Powaerly the^willbe disfranchised.