Newspaper Page Text
ME m PBOTOGMPl.
A Wonderful Discovery by Professor
Roentgen, of Wurzburg University,
SOLID SUBSTANCES PENETRATED
Photographing the Inside of the Human
Bmly?A Yale Professor Photographs
the interior or uisuwn nana? nvu?
and Other Opaque Bodies Easily Fenet
trated?Possibilities ot the Process.
New Haveh, Conn., February 11.?When
Arthur W. Wright, of Yalo University, first
heafd about the discovery of Professor
Roentgen, he wanted to hurry directly to
Sloane Laboratory to begin experiments.
Bat it was so late that he waited until the
next day, and then he made probably the
first cathode photograph in this country.
That was on January 27.
All of his experiments have been remarkably
successful, but at last ho has secured
results that are truly marvelous. Professor
Wright has made a photograph of his own
hand. That photograph shows every bone
in the professor's left hand with perfect distinctness
fhe shading of the flesh, which
the light rays pleroed, in most ourious. There
is a shadowy effeot, a certain suggestion o
color, but the bone3 are defined sharply.
The negative shows lines which suggest tendons,
but there is no mistaking the bones.
The photograph is a little less 'distinct than
if it were that of a skeleton of a hand taken
In the ordinary way.
PHOTOCRAPHING THE INVISIBLE.
Professor Roentgen lias Aroused the
Scientists everywhere are discussing the
recent wonderful discovery of Professoi
Roentgen, professor of physics in the University
of Wurzburgj Bavaria, which it is be
nevea is unimcu w icw,,Uvive
raphy. He can take pictures of the interior
of solid substances; can photograph the skull
of a man or his whole skeleton, showing how
PHOTOOBATH OF A HAND.
(Showing the bones through the flesh.)
one wonld took without tho flesh; can picture
defects and inequalities in the heart oi
minerals, and can do many other incredible
Professor Schuster, of Owens College,
Manchester, England, in discussing in the
British Medical Journal the remarkable
photographic effects discovered by Professoi
Roentgen, 6tates that the photographs obtained
are of the nature of shadows, and
tlielr irreat sharpness is itself a testimony
that the new radiation must be propagated
in straight lines. The radiation passes in
straight lines easilv through paper, card
board or wood, and produces photographic
effects after having passed through two complete
pack3 of cards. The photographs may
oe taken in ordinary daylight if the plate ii
kept in its dark slid?, which will completelj
cut off all ordinary lijcht rays, and yet transmit
the new radiation.
One of the photographs which Professoi
Roentgen has sent to Professor 8chustei
shows a complete image of a compass needle,
with the divisions into degrees of the circle
over which the needln is placed. The com
pass needle, before being photographed, was
placed Inside of a metal box. As flesh, sklc
and cartilage are mon transparent thai
bone, the photograph of a hand gives a com
plete outline of the bones of the hand and
fingers, the outlines of the flesh being onlj
very faintly marked.
ph-jToor-arh or a compas>
(Taken while iuclosed in a meta. ..ase.)
Thf-se experiments all go to show that th(
strange medium which produces images o
hidden objects on a photograph plate is no
light at all. It is equally incorrect to de
acribe it a3 electricity. It is some force or in
flence produced by a Crooke's tube when ex
cited in a peculiar manner. but it is not th<
rti. ?Iaw t*thfrom th<
VIMUiO il^Ub Vi ....
tube. The visible light has the same quali
S ties as an ordinary lifjht. The invisible aes
medium has not the same qualities. For in
stance, it will not penetrate clear glass. I
will penetrate ground glass though mor<
feebly than wood and other organic matter
In producing such pictures as the skeletoi
of a llvin? hand or coins clasped in th<
hand, the flesh being as if transparent, th<
method of procedure was simply to place th(
object tob? photographed btnweenaCrooke'j
tuoeand tha u'ual wooisn csa containing
the sensitive plate In which the negative Is
placed when carried to and fromth? camera.
The slide is not removed, and an exposure
from four to twenty minutes is required.
Th? Croolce's tube, a glass tube inclosing a
high vacuum, is excited bv the electric cur1
rent of an induction coil. Roentgen, for
want of a better name for the rays, calls
them the "X rays."
Never before in the history of a science
has a discovery received such prompt recognition
as that of Professor Roentgen. AlI
ready it has been successfully used by prominent
European surgeons in locating bullets
and other foreign substances In the body,
and in diagnosing diseases of the bones. It
1 is believed that only a faint idea of the i
, A BONE-HANDLED RAZOR.
(Photographed in a cloth-covered case.)
nra^H/tftl rinccihilifioa nP fVio ^Ic/tnnara had '
i yet been (rained, and it is difficult to keep
( pace with the astonishing supplementary
disclosures. For instance, the new agent is
found to b? of inestimable value in metallurgy.
Any internal defects in metals are
detected and recorded with perfect accuracy
L on the tell-tale photograph plate. It is anticipated
that as a result of ihis marvelous
power the uniformity of structure of metal
i work, for instance, gun-barrels, iron rails,
i railroad car wheels, etc., can be tested with
absolute accuracy. Thus no Imperfection
l will be allowed to pass unnoticed. This is
> believed to mean a complete revolution in
many branches of metallic industry, especially
in the manufacture of arms and of
armor-plate for the great naval vessels.
HALLS OF CONCRESS.
Senator Call has asked Congress to appropriate
$5000 to survey a route for a ship
canal across Florida.
The Senate Committee on Judiciary agreed
to report favorably Mr. Hamsbrough's bill to
prohibit the desecration of the American flag
lor advertising purpose.
Representative Barrett, ot Massachusetts,
wants the Nayal Academy moved from
Annapolis to some other place, like Newport,
The House Committee on Military Affairs
inserted a provision ic the Army Appropria*
tion bill that hereafter all vacancies in the
staff of the army shall be filled by promotion
from the line.
I The House Committee on Education has
' reported favorably Mr. Grow's bill to aid in
establishing homes lor teaching articulate
speech and vocal language to deaf children
before they are of school age.
A delegation representing the wholesale
drup: interests of the country appeared before
the House Committee on Way3 and Means to
oppose Mr. McMillan's bill to repeal the law
giving a rebate on alcohol imported for use
f In the arts or medicinal purposes.
A bill has been introduced by Senator
Hansbrough. of North Dakota, Chairman of
the Library Committee, providing a commission
of artists, with advisory functions, to
select works of sculpture and painting for
the new Congressional Library building.
The House Committee on Agriculture has
completed the Agricultural Appropriation
bill It carries an appropriation of $3,158,*
392. being about $234,000 below the estimates
and $145 35K Ins* than thf amount for the
) current fiscal year.
: The Houso Ways and Means Committee
adopted the resolution of Mr. Tawney, of
Minnesota, providing for au inquiry into
oar commercial treaties and agreements,
and especially how the repeal of the reciprocity
law has affented them.
A table showing the military force of the
United States and Territories was given in
a communication transmitted to the House
by Assistant Secretary of War Doe. According
to this table the aggregate organized
strength of the militia is 112,879, while the
number of,men available for military duty
(unorganized) is 10,149,958.
The pension appropriation bill, as it cam?
from tne House, carried $141,325,820. The
Senate Committee added $52,750, of which
?ov,wu was lor ices auu oxyoiises ui ?aimuing
Senator Hill, from the Committee on
Judiciary, reported a substitute for the resolution
providing for a special committee to
inquire into the imprisonment of Eugene V.
Debs. Tho substitute directs the Judiciary
Committee to investigate the law upon the
whole subject of contempts of court, as enforced
by the Fedoral Courts, and report to
the Senate what additional legislation, if
any, is necessary for the protection of the
rights of citizens.
DINNER TO RICHARD CROKER.
A Lovinc Cap Presented By His Tainmany
Richard Croker was presented with a lov|
ing cup and tendered a banquet by his TamI
many Hall associates at tho Hotel Savoy,
in New York City.
It was a very expensive dinner?$40 a
fwas less th^in two
unity in Tammany,
faotion, tho Gilthe'Sheehan
the Martin, was
"""Off.'?aasy/r'f 'A" vxram, iituwm
4 Smyth, Jacob A.
rich&bd crokeb. Cantor, Nathan
[ Straus. James J. Martin, Richard Croker,
[ Roswell P. Flower, John R. Fellows, T. F.
' GUroy, Amos J. Cummings, Henry D. Purroy
and Augustus W. Peters.
r There were four formal set speeches?"Our
Guest," by Thomas F.Grady; "Our State."
by Jacob A. Cantor; "Our Country." by
. Amos J. Cummincs, and 'Tammany Hall,"
1 by John R. Fellows.
A loving cup costing t2000 was presented
| to Mr. Croker by Senator Grady., and during
the recipient's speech of acceptance a great
J sensation occurred, for to the surprise of the
[ ex-leader and most of the privileged guest3
t there was a very vigorous kick against the authority
of John C. Sheehan, who was Ibe[
queatbed the position of leader by Mr. Croker.
^ John Reilly and two other leaders interrupted
the speaker and bitterly denied Sheehan's
. right to be leader. Mr. Croker explained
that 8heehan had been selected by the majority
of the Executive Committee. "Take
Fellows, take Gilroy." he says, "If he'3 a
better man, and let the majority rule and
the minority yield." The episode created a
The Labor World.
Japan has fifty-seven cotton mills.
I London's yarn tra-le employs 16,000.
Bavaria has 9000 lead pencil workers.
juonaon nas ^ub.ooo domestic servants.
Georgia has a fourteen-year-old engineer.
Telegraph operators In Germany receive
$5.11 a week; in tta'y, $5.20.
The Stonemasons' International Union assembled
recently in convention in Chicago.
There is at present over $10.6C0 in the Protective
Fund of the United Brotherhood of
Carpenters and Joiners.
The Salvation Army has now tweutv-two
factories and workshop.?, employing 10,700
persons, both men and women.
More than 70,000 men are at work on the
i Siberian Railway, and nt the present rate of
f progress 1897 will sea its completion.
i In the sasn, door ami blind industry the
supply at present exceeds tho demand, and
men are being laid off in most of the shops.
The miners at Lehigh and Coal Gate, Indiau
Territory, to the number of 3000, went
on strtke. The strike will, It is fearert, cause
a coal famine in Northern and Central Texas.
The 91.090 onerativas of Fall River. Mass..
t live on forty-one square miles. The city is
j very rich for its sizs?, being valued at $60.534.005.
while the public debt 13 only $2,1
? All collieries of the Cross Creek Coal Com3
pany, Hazleton, Penn., are being operated
3 out eight hour? a day. because of the mild
s winter. Upward of" twenty thousand men
J yge affected.
THE NEWS EPITOMIZED'
Ia commemoration of the 150th anniversary
of the birth of the Polish patriot Kosciusko
his statue in the Capitol was appropriately
decorated with wreaths and flowers.
Senator Quay, of Pennsylvania, announced
in Washington his candidacy for the Republican
nomination for President.
A bill to make Lincoln's Birthday a National
holiday was defeated in the United
States Senate bv an objection of Mr. Hawley,
of Connecticut, who thinks there are too
many holidays already.
The Senate passed a bill directing the
Secretary of Agrioulture to execute the law
for tho distribution of seeds.
The President has appointed General W.
W. Duflield, Superintendent of the Coast
and Geodetic Survey, as one of the Commissioners
to test the fineness and weight of the
coins reserved by the several mints of the
Senator James Smith, of New Jersey, made
a speech opposing further action by Congress
on the Monroe doctrine.
New York Republicans in the House ol
Representatives pledged themselves to work
for Governor Morton for the Presidency.
Final allotments of the new Government
bonds were made and notices sent to successful
The President baa designated William P.
Mason, professor of ohemistry in the Troy
(N. Y.) Polytechnic Institute, and W. w.
Duffleld, chief of the coast and geodetic sur|
vey, as additional members of the AnnuaAssay
The Korean Legation has been offloiallj
notified that Boh Kwang Pom has been appointed
Minister of Korea at Washington,
and that he left for his post after resigning
his position in the King's Cabinet as Minister
The President has approved the act to reconvene
the United 8lates delegates to the
International Maritime Conference of 1889.
John Shea, an elderly clerk In the War
Department, committed suicide in the de
partment building by shooting himself in
the head with a pistol. He had suffered
severely for years from a wound in the head
received while attempting to quell a disturbance
at a Western army post where he
The report of the Board of Engineers which
inquired into the Nicaraguan Canal project
I was sent to the House of Representatives by
the President. It is not favorable to the
Both houses of the New York Legislature
adjourned In honor of Lincoln Dav. Lincoln's
Birthday was observed by a general
closing of business in the lower part of New
York City and appropriate banquets celebrations
in many institutions.
The Rev. J. H. Hunycutt, a Baptist minister,
has been arrested at Morrillton, Ark.,
charged withinfanticide.^Hls housekeeper's
one-year-old baby cried while he was preparing
a sermon and the preacher became
enraged at the annoyance and choked the
child to death.
Of three hundred school boys who called
on Mayor Gleason, of Lone Island City, N.
Y., to request the reinstatement of a principal,
not one could give the boundaries or
name the public buildings of Long Island
Isaac B. Murphy, the famous colored jockey,
died at Lexington, Ky.t of heart disea3e.
Northern New York was snowbound, and
a hJgh wind was raging on the New England
and New Jersey coasts.
The bursting of a water main in Cleveland,
Ohio, destroyed several houses and
drowned one of the occupants.
The National Assembly of the League of
American Wheelmen elected Sterling Elliott
President and decided to hold the next annual
race meet in Louisville. Ey.
John W. Eeely, the inventor of the Eeely
motor, was run into by a runaway horse at
The Illinois 8teel Company resumed work
in its Joliet mills after an idleness of six
weeks. Over 2000 men were set to work.
One of the largest diamond seizures ever
known in the United States customs service
was made at Philadelphia by special agents
of the Treasury on board the Red Star steamship
Rhvnland. A box containing $20,000
worth of valuable gems was taken.
The session of the National Assembly of
tha League of American Wheelmen be^nu in
Baltimore. Md., with a Good Roads Congress.
One thousand tailors, all said to be competent
workmen and all willing to work, are
starving with their families in the tenements
on the '"east side," New York City, because
the middlemen are determined that the system
of "sweating." which was abolished two
years ago, shall be restored.
H. Cranston Potter, nephew of Bishop Patter,
of New York, was found drowned on the
beach near 8an Francisco, Cal.
Wizard Edison perfected experiments at
Monlo Park, N. J., for the photography of
the human brain by means of the Roentgen
A new electric motor, greatly increasing
the facilities of traffic, tans been tried and
approved on the Brooklyn Bridge.
Passaic and Paterson, in New Jersoy, suffered
damage to the extent of several thousand
dollara each from the rise of theTassaic
The Republican State Committee called the
State Convention for March 24 in New York
City. It also renewed its pledge of loyalty
to Governor Morton for the Presidential
At Greenville, Tenn., because Miss Sadie
Hendry did not have the evening meal ready
when her brother James returned home from
work, he stabbed her to death.
Rev. Father John 31. Fitzgerald was sentenced
in Rochester, N. Y., to ten years in
Auburn Prison for arson.
Peter L. Atkins and Maud Kelly. lovers,
drove into the Wallklll River at Mlddletown,
N. Y., and were drowned.
"Harry" Howard, the lasi Chief of the
Volunteer Fire Department, of New York
City, is dead.
William Henry Grady, President of tho
Versailles and Georgetown Railroad, a widely-known
horseman and extensive fanner,
tried to cross the tracks near Versailles, Ky.,
und was struck by a passenger train and instantly
The Attorney-General of Illinois rendered
a decision against the Chicago Gas Trust's
It is stated that a British ship is taking
soundings at the mouth of the Orinoco, near
A Blue Book issued by the British Government
shows that President Kruger, of the
Transvaal, asked Germany and France lo interfere
at the beginning of Jatnoson'a raiu.
Ambrose Thomas, the author of "Jl'gr.cn"
and other popular operas, died a few days
ago in Paris.
Jameson's raid winstigated, a Berlin
despatch to London reports, by six financiers,
formerly German subjects.
From Barcelona, Spain, 3500 more troops
sailed for Cuba.
Advices from the South African gold flolds
show that the crushings of the Rand for January
were 30.000 ounces less than in December.
Cecil Rhodes, ex-Promler of Capo Colony,
left London for South Africa.
The League of Agriculturists, Sweden,
composed of members of the Storthing, has
adopted a resolution in favor of imposing a
duty on all agricultural products except
Brazil i.s greatly excited, owing to the
French warship Bengali having Seized a ve.?s:?!
ciirryin^* the Brazilian flag in disputed
The Czar of Russia. in an official ukase,
announces that the coronation will tako
place on May 24.
Reports from Madrid received in Havana,
Cuba, said that threatening demonstrations
against tbe United States Legation were
feared in the Spanish capita'.
Advices from Havana, Cuba, aro that General
Marin has abandoned his pursuit of
Jomez and gone to the relief of the beeaguered
towns in Pinar dol Rio.
Thy relations between the Argentino Republic
aud Chile are daily becoming mora
itrained, owing to the tone of the Chilean
It was reported in Berlin that, owing to
the pressure of Austria and Italy, the official
Gorman press have ceased their anti-English
K ' ,'f
REAR ADMIRALS OF THE
i \^fh johvg'j
Fr Anc l$* M !" Ka m sfyi
: ACTIVITY IN THE NAVY.1
> Placing Our Ships On as Complete a I
War FnoHnff as Possible.
A COAST DEFENSE SQUADRON, I
Strong Fleets for Both Atlantic and Pacific 1
Coasts to Be Put Into Active Service
at Once?New and Formidable Monitor
Terror to Be Beady by March 1?Admiral
Walker to Command a Squadron.
New Yobk, February 12. -Naval officers
I on duty in this oity and Brooklyn, D
i ioclare that it is the Intention of the Oov- t
irnmont to plaoe the Navy on as com- j
plete a war footing as Is possible in time n
of peace, and demonstrate what the United ?
States can do in the way of commissioning, fl
i jot a flying squadron, for which they say a
'.he United States has no need at this time, (
3ut a coast defense fleet to guard our shores, r
ooth on the Paciflo and the Atlantic. 2
Commodore Montgomery Slcard, Commandant
of the Brooklyn Navy Yard, got j
orders to have the new monitor Terror ready r
' to go In commission March 1. The ship has ?
been under construction for years, and it x
will tax the capacity of the yard to finish ^
her in time. The orders are, however, im- .
The coast deferse squadron which the ?
^ In fA nlflfla 4 * ? rtAmmlaoInn
I UUVOiUiUOill 13 ttUU lb LW ^??vw *u vvu*i?u^iv- Q
will be composed o.'the new ram Katahdtn, E
COMMANDANT SICAKD. g
(Ordered to have the new monitor Terror c
ready at theBrooklyn Navy Yard March 1.) v
now at Brooklyn Navy Yard; the double- ti
mahUak olon nf fhlc crl oHrtti r
IUI L UlUU lUUUlbWl AOitvi, Uh w?w?.wu| V
the double-turreted Miantonomoh, which is ii
to be pulled out of the mud at League Island j
wavy Yard, near Philadelphia, and recom- h
missioned; tho new monitor Monadnock, d
sister ship ol the Terror, nearing completion 'V
at the Maro Island Navy Yard, near San p
All theso ship3 are to be put In active a
service and furnished with offloers and E
crews within tho next three weeks. The n
other ships of this iron-cind squadron, al- u
ready in commission, are to be the first-class a
battleship Indiana, tha second-class buttle- a
ship Maine, now at Hampton Roads, and the
doub'e-turrotod monitor Amphitrlte, now at
An officer at the Navy Yard, who had re- _
cently returned from a visit to Washington,
told of the plan of tho Administration as he
had heard it at the Navy Department.
"It is the intention," said the officer, "to ?
place every available ship of the Navy in
commission as soon as possible. Tho United 6
States has not as bl? a reservo list of ships to S
draw on as Great Britain has, but enough n
ships can be placed in commission to make a v
good showing and demonstrate that the Na- t|
tinn la not so defenseless as might be im-1 n
aginedbyall the talk whenever there is a q
war scare. r,
"I heard it said in Washington that one of .
the Admirals of the service, presumably
Bear-Admiral John G. Walker, was to be assigned
to the command of the fleet of ironclads
on the North Atlantic, which is to bo
known as the Home Guard Squadron, or
something of that kind.
"The regular cruising squadron, of which
the New Tiork is the flagship, would then be
free to sail about from port to port from
Halifax to Port-of-Spaln, as its commander
pleased or the necessity of protecting Ameri'
can citizens or property might make necessary."
SHEA DIES IN THE CHAIR.
Xlie Troy Politician Suffers the Death
Penalty at Dannemora.
Bartholomew or "Bat" Shea was ele?troeuted
at 9.58 a. m, in Dannsmora (N. Y) i
xMson. The twenty.seven witnesses were *
nude up almost exclusively of physicians
anc newspaper men, all present in official
capacities. At 9.30 a. m. they were asembled
in the hotel office and marched to the
death chamber. It was Just 8.35 when the
procession entered the room. First camo
Warden Thayer and Deputy McKenna, and
immediately behind them was Shea, escorted
by Vicar General Swift, of Troy; and Father
Belanger, of Dannemora. Shea's face was
pale. Ho walked firmly to the chair, and ~
durine the minute it took to affix tho straps _
he Razed calmly around the room. Hid j]
eyes were bright and he looked more like a t1
spectator than the victim. At 9.56 the cur- r,
rent was turned on and continued for one
minute and twenty-oae seconds. It was then ^
shut off and Shea was pronounced dead. The
highest volcano was 1800 This, however,
was conllnned only eleven seconds, when it C(
wis reduced to 1E0 volts and continued at
that until tho enii. The autopsy developed C|
notliiii!i out of th? ordinary. ,j
- * - J - ? 1. i I. r T>,x-o 11
sms.'i was convicusu 01 kuiuk duuuu j(
during a political light at the polls in Troy ^
on Election Day in the spring of 1894. Shea
oolonged to a club of political workers anil
Ross and his brother to another party. 0
They met at the polls and a free light began. C(
Clubs and pistols were used. Robort Ross j
was killod and his brother, William, badly j?
hurt. John McGough was sentenced to tl
twenty years in prison for wounding Will- Cj
iam Ross, whilo Shea was ordered to tho
electric chair for killing Robert Ross.
Every effort was made to save Shea. Tho
execution of his sentence was three times
stayed by respites from the Governor and .
tho action of the courts. McGough, last December,
confessed that he tired the shot
which killed Robert Ross, but, on examination,
Judee Mayham, at Schoharie, pro- 7
nounced the confession wortblB841
UNITED STATES NAVYJ
n i tit t i irnum th nrriTTiTfi
rMLiAMBfli is mim.
England's Queen Intimates a Peaceful
Settlement With Venezuela.
WSEBERY ATTACKS SALISBURY.
Salfonr Denies That There Was the Slightest
Intention to Violate the Snbstance of
the Ofonroe Doctrine?Direct Adjustment
of the Boundary Question Assured
?Harconrt's Friendly Speech.
The regular session of the British Parliament
was opened at London. At 2 o'clock
he Royal Commission entered the House of
iOrds, and at that hour the House of Comions
was summoned. The members of the
louse of Commons, headed by the Speaker,
t once poroceedcd to the House of Lords,
nd after they had assembled at the bar of
tie House the speech from the throne was
ead by the Lord High' Chancellor, Lord
In reference to the Venezuelan, the
trmenian and the Transvaal questions the
knaan'o arMracn aoM- Th? flnvflmmflnt of
J IOOU J (tUUAVda W .
be United States of America has expressed a
yish to co-operate in the termination of the
lififerences which have existed for many
ears between my Government and the Retublio
of Venezuela upon the question of tho
loundary between that country and the
olony of British Guiana. I have expressed
ay sympathy with the desire to come to an
iqultable arrrangement, and trust that
urther negotiations will lead to a satlsfacorv
Tne Sultan of Turkey has sanctioned the
>rlncipal reforms in the government of the
Lrmenian provinces for which, jointly with
he Emperor of Russia and the President of
he French Republic, I have felt it to be my
tuty to press. I deeply regret the fanatical
mtbreak on the part of a section of the Turdsh
population, which has resulted in a
eriesof massacres which have caused the
ieepest indignation in this country.
Tho debate in both Houses wa? confined
ilmost exclusively to the grave disturbances
n the country's foreign relations.
The dispute with the United States over
he Venezuela boundary had a prominent
>lace in the debate, and Lord Salisbury exrtalned
the reason for the intimation in the
Juoen's speech that a settlement, probably,
vould soon be reached. The great obstacio
o tho adjustment of tho trouble, which had
loen created by Venezuela's breaking off
legotlatlons, had, he said, beon removed.
)lrect negotiations are about to be resumed,
,nd, as Lord Salisbury expressed it, "with a
irospeot of ultimate settlement."
Lord Rosebery vigorously attacked Lord
musuury S JJUUU/, uu "?<"/ spgcuuviuwuvu
onfldent hop? thai the Venezuela dispute
rill end happily. Mr. Balfour said our
Government had aseed for all the Informalon
England could give to help our
lommission, and it was announced that
t would be forthcoming. Salisbury,
iosebery, Harcourt and Balfour, all
ad the kindest words for the Monroe
octrine and arbitration. Sir William
Harcourt clatmed that there can be no
ossible objection to referring the Venezuein
boundary question to a third Power for
rbitration, and he was greetod with cneers.
ialfour declared that the Government will
ot be prevented by diplomatic punctilios or
ilse pride from trying to effect a settlement,
nd will help the American Commission with
11 the information at its disposal.
PARDON OFFERED WALLER.
'rovided That No Claims for Damages Fo
Made Against Franco.
The President sont to Congress a report
:odi Socretary Olneyand all thocorrespondnee
in the case of John L. Waller, ex-United
tates Consul to Tamatavo, Madagascar, and
ow confined in a French prison under coniction
of treason. Secretary Olney says
iat Waller was unquestionably guilty of tde
ITense charged and that the penalty inflictd
would be considered exceedingly modeate.
but the French Government made an
JOHM L. WALLER.
ffor to release Waller from further imprison
lent and to pardon his offense on condition
int the affair be thereby terminated as between,
the two Governments, and that the
'nited States should make no claim for damges
In behaJt of the accused ex-Consul
ased ou his arrest, conviction and imprisonlent.
Ambassador Eustis, it appears from the
irrespoudence. has been instructed to ffive
otic'! t'.> tho Freuch Government of the ac9ptnu:i?
by the United States of these couitions
and to exchange the notes necessary
) carry out the arrangement. Waller may,
owever, sue in the French courts for damjres
Waller, however, acting under the advice
f his wife and his brother-in-law, has not
' * ^M] |
^U^enroa IU lull ummsDiutui, ......
sts thut ho shnll receive compensation from
ranee. Ho charges that he had received 111 eatment
while being taken from Malagas;irto
France, and demands indemnity.
Mayor Lynrte, of Greenfield, Mo., had
imself brought to trial and lined $1 for vilating
a city ordinance.
A hole 150 feet long, ten feet wide and inisibly
deep has appeared upon the farm of
LIL Qtt. af WaihfnTton. Mo.
LYNCHED AT MIDNIGHT.
Grant Atterbury Banged by a Mob in Sallivan,
At midnight an armed mob approached the
jail In Sullivan, III, where Grant Atterbury
had been confined for the laat ten dayB,
charged with the double crime of murdering
his father and ussaulting the wife of his
The leaders demanded the surrender of
Atterbury and the Sheriff refused. He was
reinforced by a single deputy. A3 soon as
his refusal had been communicated to the
crowd a rush was made for the Iron doors.
An immense crowd gathered rapidly, but no
one interfered with the work of the lynchers.
The Sheriff stood before the door to the cellroom
and warned the raiders to desist. He
fired his revolver and was immediately disarmed.
Half a dozen blows with sledges knocked
down the door? and then the men marched
upstairs, yelling their commands and their
threats against any interference. Atterbury's
cell was In the upper tier. The raiding
party knew his exact cell, and the sledgehammer
brigade was instantly piloted there.
Half a dozen blows broke down the portal.
Atterbury fought vigorously, but wa3
forced by numbers down the stairs and there
seized and bound.
He was taken to the court-house yard, two
blocks from the jail, where a frantic multitude
greeted his arrival with a roar of
curses, and the cry of "Hang him! hang
him!" As he was hustled along he pleaded
with his captors.
"I am innocent," he shouted over and
over again. "Thank God, you are hanging
an innocent man," he moaned, as they held
him under one of the trees in the courthouse
yard and placed a noose about his
No attention was paid to his protestations
or his pleas. The end of the rope was tossed
over a limb of a tree. A dozen seized it,
and the rone slid over th? Ice covered limb.
and the man's utterance was oboked with the
tightening of the loop. The rope was wound
about the trunk of the tree, and the mob
stood back and watched the writhing ot a
man whom every one in Sullivan believed
guilty of two crimes.
Grant Atterbury was arrested six months
ago charged with the murder of his father,
but was released on examination. The elder
Atterbury was found with his skull crushed
and a bullet wound in the neck.
DEATH IN A CONVENT FIRE,
Lobs of Property Worth Millions la Guayaquil,
A great Are raged in Guayaquil, Ecuador,
beginning at one o'clock a. m. When the
firemen, and soldiers, who were hurriedly
ordered out to help them, finally brought it
tinder control, thousands of panic stricken
persons were wandering, homeless, in the
streets, many lay dead in the morgues, nnd
property worth nearly two millions of dollars
had been destroyed, including the noble
Cathedral and the convent which ad;
The Are was first discovered in the convent.
It spread with such rapidity that it
was with the utmost difficulty that the majority
of the inmates escaped with their
lives. The firemen were on hand within a
few minutes, but their work was powerless
to save either the convent building or the
Cathedral of San Augustin, which the flames
immediately attacked. From that point the
Are flew to surrounding property, and in an
incredibly short space of time a any blocks
of houses were in a blaze.
The panic, which began among the nuns
in the convent, several of whom were burned,
was contagious, and the city became terror
stricken when the seriousness of the situation
was grasped. The officials urged the
President, General Alfaro, to seek a place of
safety, and at last, yielding to their advice,
he took refuge with his family, on board a
steamship in the harbor.
It is believed that at least thirty persons
suffered death, and it is known that many
SECRETARY OLNEY'S REQUEST.
Asked Sallibary to Give England's Side in
the Yenezuelau Dispute.
A parliamentary paper has been issaed
containing the correspondence between
Great Britain and tho United States since
1887 relative to the boundary of British
The correspondence concludes with despatches
exchanged by Secretary of State
Olney and Lord Salisbury. The first of these
despatches informed Lord Salisbury that the
American Commission had been formed, and
that being in no wise an arbitration tribunal,
having had its duty limited to ascertaining
the facts, it had suggested to Mr. Olney
that it would be grateful for suoh assistance
as could be obtainable through the co-operation
of Great Britain and Venezuela.
L.ora oaiisDaiy repnea tnat any miormatlon
at the command of the Government
upon any subject of inquiry occupying the
attention of the Government of the United
States would be readily placed at the disposal
of the President.
MURDEHED IN HIS STUDIO.
Professor Max Eglau, Instructor of Deaf
Mates, Found With a Crushed Skull.
Professor Mtuc Eglau, an artist, was murr
dered in his studio in the Institution for the
Improved Instruction of Deaf Mutes, Lexington
uvenue and Sixty-seventh street, New
York City, where he had been an instructor
for maoy years. Three of his pmplls, Peter
Wolfe. Adolf Pfandler and Edmune Eck,
deaf mutes, and about eighteen years
old, were arrested suspected of the murder.
It was a day of silent terror in the big build
ing where hundreds of the deaf and dumb
are taught. By signs, by writings and by
moving lips the story of the tragedy was
A shovel and a heavy pestle, with which
the deed was done, were left near the victim.
Circumstances go to show that the murder
was prompted by revenge.
DOLLAR SUITS OF CLOTHES.
These Are Possible Now That Itamie Is to
Be Pat to Use.
Ramie, a fibre, has been kicked around by
specnlators and capitalists for some years,
notwithstanding the evident utility of the
product. That it can be fashioned into anything
now made out of wooljhasbeen proved
What its defects may have been is unimportant
now, as the perfected product has been
developed and ramie has a market value that
testable, or soon wl)lhave,__?^.
A party^rTapifanstsrepresenting New'
York, New Orleans, Providence and Boston,
met with a coterie of local capitalists and
manufacturers at the Manufacturers' Club In
Philadelphia, Penn., a few days ago, and decided
to develop the newly discovered ramie
processes. 80 $1 suits may no w be expected.
Ramie is as cheap as weeds.
Lucky Discovery of a. Hungry 5Ian.
A rich gold discovery is reported from
Flint Creek, in tbe Georgetown District of
Montana. Nine weeks ago Sam Snyder, a
destitute and hungry Butte prospector,
trailed a deer over the hills, anil accidentally
discovered a fabulously rich ledsje, which
he has been working slDce alone and in secret.
He came to town a few days ago with
thousands of dollars' worth of sold, and the !
reports of men who have since inspected the
property say that Snyder has a million dollars
in sight, although his prospect hole Is
only about ten feet deep. The vaiu i.s only
eight inches wide so far as developed, ou: is
yellow with virgin gold.
The Prince of Wales has his life insured
Patti, the c&ntatrlee, declares that she will
never return to America.
Lord Duuraven has decided to abandon
yacht racing in the larger classe?.
Tlio late Prince Henry of Battenberg was
an accomplished performer on the violin.
Queen Victoria owns $2,000,000 worth of
china. A Sevres set is estimated at '5500,000.
Prince Edward of York now a year and a
half old, is to be reproduced in a life-size
"Mark Twain" has written to a friend in
thi3 country that ha went away in debt, but
will come back jn a first cabin.
GENERAL WEYLER IN CUBA.
rhe New Captain-General T*ke? the Oath
The Spanish cruiser Alfonso XIIL.wlth H
General Weyler, the newly appointed Cap- H
tain-General and Commander-in-Chief of H
the Spanish forces In Cuba, on board, arrived H
off Morro Castle, Havana, and at 10 o'clock M
entered the harbor and steamed up to the H
GENERAL WEYLEB. V ' t'
As the warship passed Morro Castle she
was saluted by the guns of that fortress, and
19 she proceeded was welcomed by thunders
of artillery from the Cabanas fortress and
the dipping of flags and other greetings from
the ships in the harbor.
General Weyler. who was aocompanled by
General Barges, Arolas and the Harqois de
Ahumada, the latter having been designated
by the Queen Regent to be second to General
Weyler in command, disembarked shortly
before noon a^id was met by the civil and
military officers, who escorted him to the
palace. The streets were lined with men
and women, and the entire city was decorated
with flags, bunting and flowers. '
General Weyler proceeded on foot from
the landing to the palace, where he at once
tha nath nf nffico as f untftin-donprA.! of
Cuba. After this ceremony the new Governor
nnd Commander-in-Chfef held a reception
in the palace, receiving the leading
citizens of Cuba, a number of Grandees of
Spain, the heads of the vurious commercial
bodies, the leaders of the political parties
and tne foreign Censuls. Crowds in holiday,
attire filled the streets and the Plaza do
Annas, in the vicinity of the pa'ace of the
Captain-General, was packed with cheering
men, women and children, while numerous
bands of music played patriotic Spanish
ERASTUS WIMAN IS FREE. ^
Indictment Against Him for Forgery DX*- (
missed In New-York. . ' v
District-Attorney Fellows, of New York
City, Indorsed papers, which when signed by}
Judcro MoMahon, of General Sessions, dismissed
the indictment upon which Erastus,
Wlmon woq MoH nnd i*nrwiM-pA hf htvlnff!
forged the signature of E. W. Bulllnger to
check for 15000. Judge IfoMahom dismissed
the Indictment shortly after noon.
Erastus Wiman at the time waa a member
of the commercial firm of R. G. Dun. & Co.
The Court of Appeals recently set aside
Wlman's conviction and ordered a new trial.
Erastus Wiman was convicted of forgery in '?
the second degree in the Court jaf Oyer and
Terminer on Jane 15, ltjy*. ue was sen- a
tenced to Imprisonment in State's Prison at
hard labor for Are years and six months.
Later, he secured a certificate of reasonable
doubt and was released on 925,000 bonds.
The General Term reversed the deolslon.
When the case came .up.be/ore the Court of
Appeals that tribunal so passed upon the
legal points involved in the case as to make
a second conviction Impossible.'
It is for this reason that the action of the
District-Attorney in moving for a dismissal
of the indictment was made.
ALARMED BY A METEORITE.
Violent Explosion in the Sltjr Creates s
Panic in Madrid.
An immense aerolite exploded above Madrid,
Spain, ut 9.30 a. m. There was a vivid
glare of light and a loud report, followed by
a general panic.
The sun was shining clearly, and the only
thing visible In the sky was a white cloud,
bordered with red, traveling rapidly across
the heavens, leaving behind it a train of fine
white dust. The explosion occurred twenty
miles above the earth, according to the officials
of the Madrid Observatory. The populace
believed it was an earthquake, or a
sign of divine wrath.
Many persons were injured in the resulting
panic and in the frantic attempts to escape
from factories and schools. Seventeen
persons were injured in one tobacco
factory by the collapse of a staircase when
the inmates rushed to escape.
The partition wall of the United States Legation
collapsed and neurly all the windows
01 tnai OUlIUlDg were uruitHH. muuu uauiagc
was done to walls and windows throughout
the city, and the force of the explosion was
?tettfor^ereral miles around. _
New Southern Enterprises.
A cotton mill to cost $600,000, the largest
In Alabama, will be built at Cordova by New
Hampshire capital. The first Southern steel
mill was opened at Fort Payne, Ala.
Congressman Crata Dead.
William H. Craln, Representative from the
Eleventh District of Texas, and a member of
Congress since the Forty-ninth session, died
at his home, in Washington, of pneumonia
William H. Grain, of Cuero, Texaa, w.13 born
at Galveston November 25, 1848. He was
graduated at St. Francis Xavler s College, In
New York City, on July 1, 1867, and received
the degree of A. M. several years afterwards.
TJa ttto a a lanrnaf Vlllfr V> q H forton ApHvA In tw>I*
itlcs for many years. The Texas delegation
passed resolutions of sympathy, and Speaker
Reed appointed a committee to accompany
the remaiDs to Texss.
Cleveland to Preside.
A great rally will be held at Carnegie Hall,
New York City, on March 3. It will te the
climax of a series of meetings in aid of home
missions under the auspices of the New York
Presbytery. President Cleveland will preside,
and will probably have somethiuK to
say with regard to missions among Indian
Out of the Common Ban,
Pensacola, Fla., has a floating sawmill.
Forty-nine per cent, of London days ar?
There are 459 patents coyering masonry