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The Press and Banner.
REV." AV." L DIAZ
TELLS OF HIS ARREST AND IMPRISONIMPNT
Vf sia Persecuted Because He Wmt ?i>
American Citizen?How Ills Message to
HIb Brethren in America W119 Sent.
Atlanta, May 6.? Rev. Dr. A. J.
Diaz, the Cuban missionary of the
Southern Baptist convention, who was
recently expelled from the island after
being imprisoned fcr eight days, arrived
in Atlanta this morning.
Dr. Diaz, though an American citizen
is a native Cuban, and in personal
apperrance is a manly type of his race,
short-built and stout with a swarthy
complexion and a pair of dark eyes
well set in a head ot fine proportions.
He wears a closely cropped chin beard
and is somewhat balcl?a man whom
at a glance one would pick out for
great energy and indomitable courage.
During the ten years' war in Cuba he
was a captain in the rebel army and
is the personal friend of General Gomez
and General Maceo, with both of
whom he has served on the field of
In the present struggle, however, he
hM held himself aDart from the con
flict on account of his church work,
although as a member of the Red
Cross society, or the White Cross, as
it is called in Cuba, he has succored
the wounded and buried the dead after
a score of engagements between the
insurgents aud the Spanish during the
advance of the former on Havana.
This work among the hick and
wounded led to his arrest and imprisonment
though he and those of the
society who followed him ministered
to both Spanish and Cuban alike.
"They knew," said Dr. Diaz this
morning, "that I had been in the rebel
army before, but they also knew that
I had not had any communication with
the rebels this time, because I was devoted
to my church work. Why I was
arrested I do not know. The day before
I left Havana I wrote a letter to
~ ^ - > ttt'II: ~1.; u;
<jonsui Lrenerai vv mwuis tuaiug mm
for the reasons. But he did not answer
me and will not."
Dr. Diaz was banished from Cuba
together with his family,includiog his
brother. Unless there is a revocal of
the order he can never again set loot
upon the island without being arrested.
His wife and three children are
now in Tampa, Fla., where they will
retrain for some time. His brother is
also there. They left Havana last
Wednesday. Under the decree of
banishment they were ordered to leave
Cuba by the first steamer that cleared
from the island the same day that Dr.
Diaz was released from jail. "He, how
ever, declared that he would not go
until he had made his business arrangements
so that the church property
which in Havana alone is valued
at $ 140,000, was safely provided for.
If any damage come3 to this property
on account ot the banishment of Dr.
Diaz, the church will have a claim for
it upon the Spanish government. The
Spanish soldiers had already sacked
one small church building in a suburb
o! Havana, before Dr. Diaz left and a
claim will be made for this.
"The soldiers took the building,"
said Dr. Diaz, "and broke up all the
THatt Vin/J h?H n fiirht. with
the rebels in the vicinity of it, and declared
that the p*x>ple in the neighborhood
were in sympathy with the
insurgents. Not stopping with the
destruction of the church furniture
they butchered one hundred persons.
They said these victims were insurgvnts.
Among them were two cousins
of mine and several members of
the destroyed chnrch. Two of them
were women, and a child was shot
also. My brother and I saw these dead
victims with our own eyes. We know
the names of sill of them, for when I
am through with my church affairs
here we shall set to work to show the
people of the world the horrible atrocities
that are being perpetrated by the
soldiers of the government, and will
need the records. I have been on
twenty battlefields and have seen the
graves where the helpless victims who
have fallen into the hands of the soldiers
afterward were buried, sometimes
"The day of my arrest twenty-seven
persons were shot?among them were
aI/1 man Pofrtra tKatr
uiaii IA/JTS auu uiu mou. jltuxvaw ?UUJ
were marched out they were all made
to go out and dig their own graves. It
was a horrible sight."
"Another time I rode horseback sixty
miles out into the country through
me lines of the insurgents to rescue a
triendwhohad sent lor me. He had
ten shots in his body and six wounds
made by a sword. It was the work of
the Spanish. He was not an insurgent
but happened to b found at home after
an engagement. The soldiers left
him for dead, but he managed to get
word to me. There were otners dead
about him. One of them I buried by
the Bide of six others who had fallen
victims of the slaughter."
Of his arrest and imprisonment he
"It was between three and four
o'clock in the morning. The soldiers
came and surrounded our house. The
captain called me up, and marched
me oh' to the jail. Moro Castle and
Cabanas were overcrowded and I
could not be taken there with the other
political prisoners. My brother was
taken along and put in the cell next
lo me. Tnere was no warrant or any
mac rviif in tVia 1 with 9 Qinorlp
chair and sat with my face to the wall,
warned not to talk or to speak I o anyone.
My imprisonment was what is
called 'Incoiuinunication.' Under the
law of the island suspects may be arrested
and held without being allowed
to communicate with anyone for 72
hours. But 1 was held so fur 13U
hours, which was illegal under their
"For the first 21 hours I was not
given anything to eat or driuk and no
bed to sleep upon. 1 was afraid to eat
anything ottered by the guards, because
it often happens thai prisoners
are poisoned and the police give it out
f that they commit suicide. Alter a wink
when ii became known thai 1 was au
American citizen I was allowed to re
ceive food from my family, and when
the 130 hours passed I wis allowed to
send for the consul general and to see
my family in the presence of the
"One day the guard asked me if 1
didn't want to send some private message
to my family. He told me that
he was my friend and in. sympathy
with n.e. But I knew that it was only |
a trap f?> catch me. and I told him no. j
except I said, 'Give them my love and
tell my wife to telegraph Uncle Tich- TH
enor. " I did not say Dr. Tichenor for
I knew that if they suspected he was
in America it would cause trouble.
iiui they could not send my telegram. Ree
Every body was watched by the police. s?
So when L>r. Porter came to see me
after 1 was allowed to communicate C1
with my friends, I gave him the tele- s
gram that finally came. When Broth- ]ast
er Porter went to the telegraph office gta
with the message,however,they would at j
not send it, because the opt rator said wa?
the Cincinnati or the Iowa would be Spei
down thei'e in no time to fight it out Atl
for me, Dr. Porter was followed, the COn
police trying to get the telegram. He atic
nappened to come up with Brother ciaj
Bueno, the missionary at San Miguel, tioT
who was fleeing in nis carriage from J. i
the country, on account of persecu- Qof
tirtn anrl rrtitto Vlim 1 mPSSflPft tO be cnn
sent from Key West. When the Mas- h.
cotte was getting ready to sail Broth- Ho'
er Porter went down to the dock, and olii
the police thinking that he was trying and
to get the message on board arrested 0. f
him. But Brother Baeno had it safely Noi
on its way. Brother Porter laughed g. (
at the police and told thecn so, and in low
two hours I was releastd and told to Cise
leave the island by the next steamer. ern
I would not go without my family ern
and leave my business affairs unset- sect
tied and told the police that they 44
would have to carry me aooard if they mal
wanted to make me go. cal
"It took four days to get ieidy, and rest
all the time I was followed and watch- ble
ed by by the police." pas;
Dr. Diaz said that persecution be- Uni
cayse he was an American citizen was ety
the cause of his true arrest, A few rici;
weeks before some one placed two dy- fun
namite bombs in the lobby of his 0f i
church. They exploded during ser- has
vices and shattered the glass in the woi
building, but no one was hurt. wh<
During his confinement he was sum- mai
Kufni-o o military Pdlirt- bllt re- thn'
UlUUtU VWlVtVU mw.ww.j w- ~ -J
fused to answer the questious put to pro
him because he declared that 1e was nev
entitled to a cival trial. He had com- fair
municated with the consul general wit
and seen him, and the consul being the:
apprized of the condition, the military tior
court had to dismiss him. From the wh<
written questions put to him the court woi
suspected that he had been writing let- this
lers to the insurgeiit chiefs aud that tnei
he was associated with Alberte Fer- siti1
nando, a rebel leader. Dr. Diaz, 0f t
however, declared that he did not hea
know Fernando, and had nothing to kin
do with the insurgents.?Augusta ?.
LIQUOR AND POLITICS.
Dispensaries Must Not Mix the Two Thiugs
The State Board of Control. ^
Columbia, S. C., May 8.?The State bee
board of control spent a greater part oth
of yesterday in making the appoint- ests
ments of the county boards of con- wit
trol. It seems t,o be their desire to re- air
move the dispensary as far from poli- inv
tics as possible. To this end the board dev
passed an order that a man could not or I
be a member of a county board of con- "
trol or a county dispenser who was a are
candidate for any office. After sifting titi<
the list of applicants the following tioi
were appointed as members of the dif- fost
ferent county boards: The
Abbevillee?J. E. Sample, T. J. El- of i
Aiken?Clinton Barton, B. F. Hoi- for1
Anderaon?John Eikew, Jesse to. thii
Smith, J. W. Bowden. voi<
Barnwell?J. B. Hunter, T. C. Wise mei
and C. B. Free. als
Beaufort?Jos. L. Reed and C. L. gra
Berkeley?S. P. D riggers, S. J. Mc- A!
Coy and W. C. Whaley. the
Charleston?J. M. Muirhead, W. T. cag
Miller and J. H. Graman. ly t
Chester?J. J. Hood, S. M. Jones E
and W. 0. Guy. enti
rihpcfprfield?John M. Lanev and J. Dro
Pickett Laney. the
Clarendon?E. B. Felder, W. E. tioi
Jenkinson and T.C. Thomas. sou
Colleton?Henry Remley, L. Bell- of t
inger and L. W. Westberg. cou
Darlington?A. F.Stuckey, J. 0. A. E
Moore and J. W. Davis. Sou
Edgefield?Jesse W. Djrn, D. R. exti
Derrissoe and R. B. Dorn. and
Fairfield?E. P. Jenkins, J. F. Lyles con
and J. M. Higgins. teri
Florence?E. J. D. Munn, Jas. Law- p
hon and John C." Wilson. Sou
Georgetown?W. 0. Bark and ? of \
Merriman. ^ res*
Greenville?R. Y. Hellams, W. L. the
Killett and J. E. Speegle. Chi
Hampton?C. J. Gray, W. H- J at- woi
en and A. A. Browning. mai
Horry?Jas. F. Harper, r. J. Prince cou
and J. D. Oliver. to t
Kershaw?D. M. Bethuneand D. E. ben
Lancaster? K. T. Estridge, F. M. E
Fitzpatrick and W. M. Neal. unc
Laurens?J. D. M. Shaw, H. E. froi
Gray, J. W. Little. in t
Lexington?W. B. Taylor, W. T. our
Ballentine and S. P. Goorge fail
Marion?A. M. Gasque, D. Mela* stig
Marlboro?Not yet appointed. gac
Newberry?Not yet appointed. ior
Oconee?J. J. Keith and W. L. typ
Orangeburg?E. T. Edwins, Chas. I
A. Stroman, H. C. Pauling. adc
Pickens?W. W. F. Bright, L. R. \
Durham and W. T. Field. est
Richland?E. W. Robertson, P. L. of 1
Melton and Robt. E. Martin. wh
Spartanburg?Robert F Lane, J. oui
M- Hanf?lxfir and W. L. Morgan. sufl
Sumter?W. J. Dinkins, C. Cut- the
tins and T. T. Hays. 1
Union?B. P. Foster, C. C. Sartor up(
and A. C. Lyles. pre
Williamsburg?II. 0. Britton, W. in ]
D. Pitch and C. M. Hines. the
York?P. M. Burris, VV. P. Dye ach
and W. H. Moore.?The State. fac
His Accounts Short.
Washington, May 6.?It is reported ^
apon wtiat proved to be good author- ^
ity that the expert accountant employed
by the Secretary of State has found
a shortage of $127,000 in the trust ma
funds account of P. J. Keickofer, un- ,
til recently the disbursing officer of ^
the State Department. This amount,
together with the $12,000 shortage Qt (
said to have been found by the auditing
oilioers of the Treasury in Mr. .
, Keickhofer's general account, brings .
the total ud to $13,000. What action
' * the government will, take in the mat- ^
ter has not been made known. *
Sudden Death 111 Columbia. ail(
Columbia, S. C.t May 5.?After vis
1 midnight this (Wednesday morning,) the
> some one, by me means of a false key
1 sent in a lire alarm over the police
electric system. The towerman, Rob- ity
ert P. Mayrant, in reproducing this ^
alarm by the city bell, fell dead of coi
- heart disease as he gave the last pull am
'J to the lever. |pos
SOUTHERN SETTLERS. '<
E LAST DAY'S SESSION OF THE c<
olutioDH Pasm <1 Declaring That the
>uth Superior Advantage*,
hnatlc, Agricultural and .Mineral. ^
outhern Pinks, N. C., May 6. ?The c<
, day's session of the Southern a
tes Settlers convention here beeran H
0 o'clock this morning; most of it "
1 devoted to speeches. Among the ^
akers were Gen. J. R. Lewis of P
anta. permanent president of the oj
vention, and of the settlers associ- "
m, and who also presented the ^
ms of Georgia to northern emigra- tj
). Amon? other speakers were J. ?
Ward of Darlington, S. C.. J. P. n
fin of Florence S. U., J. Li. Tatter- P
, commissioner of agriculture, H. u
Battle, State chemist and J. A.
Imes, State geologist of North Caria.
Several State delegates met
I elected vice presidents as follows: G
3. Hays, Statfciam, Ga.; A. Jeffers,
folk. Va ; J. P. Collin, Florence,
j. The convention issued the foling
addrtss to the public as a con- E
i expression of the views of north- fi
and foreign-born citizens of south- w
States concerning their respective oi
Owing to peculiarly favorable cli- aj
;ic conditions and natural gsologi- ti
divisions the South is blessed with n
>urces distinctive and of inestimavalue.
Its healtbfulness far sur- h
>es that of any other section of the w
on; its soil is unsurpassed in vari- li
and fertility, and its mineral, ag- s<
iltural and horticultural products n
aish the basis of a great diversity
industries. The southern harvest ^
taken the first premium at the
Id's fair at Cnic igo in wool and A!
sat. It has been clearly attested by tr
ay settlers in eacn Southern State V
t Northern men can find, not only tt
fitable investments here in their w
7 homes, but cau live with tbeir it
lily in pleasant social relations d
h their native neighbors, enjoying T
ir political and religious convic T
is as fully and fearlessly as any- d
?re in the North or in the wide T
rid. It has been demonstrated that if
i'section bai within its borders nu- ti
rous places where persons witu sen- f<
re lungs and throats may be cumi 1<
heir aliments and live in vigorous
1th the alloted years of human d
d. . tl
Tne testimonies of this class of wit- a
ses have been corroborated by ex- v
its at great fairs and expositions of ^
snt years, where as fine fruits and
;etables, as rich ores and precious
aes, as heavy corn and wheat and ~
er grains as the earth affords, have 11
n examined. Our mines, mills and w
er manufactories, our farms, for- *
i and fisheries are now vieing A
h each other in such generous rivj
for first place among profitable j*
estments that no one need fear to ~
ote his talents and capital to one
Raw materials of every industry
to be found in inexhaustible quan- ?.
;s at our doors. Religion, educai
and Droad ideas are generously M
?red by all classes of our citizens. n
; South needs a larger population 8
i thrifty, skilled and intelligent ]<
is. It needs more capital to help ,
svard development. Its people (to ?
manor born) appreciate these Al
igs, and, without a dissenting n
r?>? iiniwit.h u<j in irnrit.inrr ?]I ?
a of trained ability and good mor- ri
to join us in building; up this, the r
ndest country that the sun shines ~
[arked interest was manifested in j1.
plan of making an exhibit at Chi
0 and the convention unanimous- _
idopted the following:
LesoJved, That the liberality and a
erprise of citizens of Chicago in ?
posing to organize and maintain
Chicago Southern States exposi- 81
1 lor the display of Southern rerces
and industries is characteristic ^
he great western metropolis of our
Lesolved, That this convention of .
ithern citizens from many cities 31
snd most hearty thanks to Chicago a
1 the enterprising gentlemen who ?
ceived and will carry to successful r
nination this proposed exposition. 11
Lesolved, Tnat tne Chicago and n
ithern States exposition, the object
vhich "is to present the illimitable ?
purees and natural advantages of f1
South, and to show the people of
icago and the great Northwest the ?
aderful progress which has been ^
ae in tnis section or our common ntry,"
is of the utmost importance
iu and can be made of incalculable P
tefit in the developing of our re- P
Resolved, That the success of the
lertaki ng and our ad vantages there- 0
m now depend on Southern action ?!
securing representative exhibits of *
resources and achievements; that
ure of the enterprise would cast a ^
;ma on us and our South; and we ^
nestly urge official and private or- *
tized effort in each Soutnern State a
securing and sending to Chicago w
ical and complete exhibits of her s'
'he following resolutions were ,
Vhereas, we have one of the great- 8<
sections of the country in the scope ?
past and illimitable resources, and, H
ereas, if we keep this knowledge to ?
selves our Northern friends will
t'er and die in ignorance of the fact,
refore, be it
iesolved, That this convention urges e
>n each section of the South the su- S|
me need of advertising its resources s
papers and periodicals which reach ?
Northern people, and that such s
rertising should be facts and only ?
is, and mat nothing should ba cou- b
led in such advertisements which f,
inot be amply sustained, upon tx- n
ination Dy would be settlers, and ti
.t each section necessarily having 2
Lie particular point in which it ex- c
ds, that particular poiut should be d
de the keynote of advertisement, J
ving lor otners their owu keynote, tj
/Yhereas, many people froui Norlh- tl
i States deem tne rfoutn the hotbed i
iisease during tne summer mouths c
1 whereas, such is not the ease, t(
refore be it d
iesolved, That this convention de- u
res for ltseit aud lor each niUivid- a
. member that the health of ine o
ith is as good as that of the Nortn, t
- uiat persons jruiu iuc nunu
it any locality in the iouth uuring
i summer with as much freedom, s
i with as full immuuuy from dis- D
e as they can visit any similar local- P
in the North. u
yVhfereas, owing to the almost ideal jlditions
of temperature, humidity *
i length of day which the South ?
sseeses for the manufacture of cot- j*3
>n goods; be it
Resolved, That this convention ur
es upon all citizens of the South to
> operate in the erection of cotton
tills in different sections that our
irmers may be able to realize the best
rices for that staple product.
Resolutions were adopted pledging
id in the establishment of free libraes;
thanking the officers of the Seaoard
Air Line for its courtesies and
jngratulating it for the development
lo?ig ils line and particularly congratlating
it upon the valuable work belg^one
by Vice President St. John;
lanking the citizens of Southern
ines and Manager Charles St. John
f Piney Woods Inn for courtesies;
lankine John T. Patrick for efficient
'ork for efforts to make the convenon
a success, and thanking the
outhern Associated Press correspondit
for full and accurate reports of the
rrreedinu's. The convention this af
>rnoon adjourned sine die.
AS TO STATE POLITICS.
overtior Evans on the Coming State Conventlon.
Columbia, S. C., May 6.?Governor
Ivans returned to the city yesterday
om New York and Washington,
here he has been for the past week
q official businars.
He was in good health and spirits
ad talked pleasantly to a representave
of The State on politics, State and
On the table in his library lay a
andsome goldbeaded walking cane,
ith "John Gary Evans, A.pril 24,
396," engraved thereon. It was presnted
by an admirer of the Goveror.
When asked how he was pleased
rith the actions ot' tbe different counT
conventions, which were held on.
[onday, he answered that he was
>ore than satisfied with the result,
^hen the State convention met on
le 14th instant, he said Tillman
rould be present with a strong major
y of the delegates thinking as he
oes, and ready to act with him.
here was no doubt in his mind about
illman being sent at the head of the
elegation from this Stite to Chicago,
he delegates would probably go uaistructed,
but with a firm determina
on to nominate a man as candidate
>r President who stood for silver at
5 to 1.
As to bolting, he hardly thought the
elegation would find it necessary, for
lere would be a majority at the Cbisgo
convention holding the same
iews as they did on the monetary
The governor was particularly gratied
with the results in Charleston,
l-reenville and Laurens. One-half of
ae Charleston delegation, he said,
rere stalwart administration men,
rho could be relied on. In Liurens
rby barely got in by the 14 Anti delgates
in the convention supporting
im. He would come to Columbia,
ut as a member of the State convenon,
would, tous? a slang expression,
not cut any ice."
Irby's inconsistency is being brought
ut forcibly, he thinks, for last year
ae senator would not hear of a divism
of delegates with the Antis, while
ow it looks as if he is trying hard to
et their support since h9 is about to
jse his seat in the Senate.
The governor is of the opinion that
e is the man who is about to unseat
rby in the Senate. Everything is
loving smoothly to that end, so he
ijs, and he entertains no fears of the
When Greenville was mentioned,
l-ov. Evans could not rem-esa a smile.
Yea," he said, "Gray and Donaldson
ave been given back seats." He
lought that the fight in Greenvilie
ad been made on very much the
ime line as it will be for the Senate
nd if it ends the same way he will
arry the county.
While in Washington, the governor
lid he had talked with many leading
len from all over the United States,
.lmost every man thought Tillman
le logical candidate to nominate on
free silver platform. To win the
ght for the Democratic party and
.Iver, against McKinley, it will take
man who can arouse the enthusiasm
f the people in the west. No halfearted
man would stand any show*
lg, the times requiring a man of Tilllan's
It is marvelous, he say 3, to note tbe
umber of letters Tillman receives
omall over the country, telling him
ow much he is admired. They are
ot confined to the west, but come
rom New York and other eastern
Tillman was not a candidate for the
residential nomination, but if the
arty demanded his services he would
f course make the fight for silver.
Tillman's name would, almost withut
doubt, the governor said, be presnted
to the Chicago convention, and
! it were he would probably receive
As for Tillman not ranking well in
Washington, that was all nonsense,
[e was regarded by other senators as
very able man, and was listened to
rith great attention whenever he
In conclusion, the governor said:
Tillman's pitchfork will be the emlem
of the victorious farmers of the
auth and west and there is promise
f lively times abead. Tillman stands
efore the nation now as he itood in
outh Carolina in 1890 and I look for
ae same result."?State.
A Close Call.
Louisville, Mav 6.?A. sensational
ncounter took place oa a crowded
treet car coming in from the races
hortly after 6 o'clock this evening.
)ne person was killed and one badly
hot and many narrowly escaped,
lenry Jones, a negro, was arrested
y a private policeman, Charles Failes,
jr gambling. Failes handcuffed the
egro to his own wrist and boarded a
roUey train of three cars, bound in.
"here were 225 people on the three
ars. Without warning, the negro
rew a revolver aud began firing at
'ailes. Failes foolishly returned the
re, the fusiladd creating a panic in
tie cars, which were promptly stopped,
"ailes and Jones wer<j removed to the
ity hospital, where the negro died
Dnigbt. Four bullets pierced the
reus of Mrs. James B. Camp, wife of
tie manager of the Grand Opera house
nd one bullet went through the rim
f Mrs. Camp's hat aud tore a hole in
tie side of the car.
Here is the way an exchange undertands
the game law: Book agents
rjay be killed from August 1; spring
oets from March to July; scandalaongers
from January 1 to December
, inclusive; umbrella borrowers from
Vbruary 1 to Novemoer; open season
11 the year round on fellows who
orrow their neighbor's paper.
CAROLINA AT CHICAGO.
THE COUNTV COMMISSIONERS DISCUSS
A Full Attendance and a Fuller Dlscnssloi
Id the Senate Chamber?The Countlei
Assessed According to Taxable Property
Columbia, S. C., May 7.?The con
vention of the county commissioners
for the Chicago Southern States expc
sition was held yesterday afternoon a
5 o'clock in the senate cnamber of th<
Governor Evans, after calling th(
meeting to order, said that its object
as they all well knew, was to devis<
means to have South Carolina represented
at Chicago. In getting up at
f * 1
cAuiuio iur quanta, great wuuyie wuj
had in getting the delegates from th<
several counties to attend the meetings,
but he was glad to say such was noi
the case with this.
It would be best to have the getting
up of an exhibit in the hands of at
experienced man, such as Mr. Roche,
The Atlanta exhibit was on hand anc
would serve as a nucleus for the on<
The meeting was to decide on som<
plan to raise tne $10,000 needed for th<
purpose. The assessment plan hac
been proposed, but it was left to th<
meeting to decide on such a plan as i
The secretary, Mr. Auil of Newber
ry, called the roll of the county commissioners
and the following wer<
found to be present:
Abbeville, A. J. Sprois; Aiken, H
J. Ray; Anderson, R. S. Ligon; Barn
well, J. F. Folk; Beaufort, W. H
Lockwood; Berkeley, J. B. Morrison
Charleston, G. H. Tucker; Chester
R. A. Love; Colleton, B H. Padget
Darlington, W. C. James; Edgefield
G. B. Lake; Fairfield, J. E. Coan
Georgetown. W. D Morgan; Green
ville, A. H. Dean; Horry, B. R. King
Kershaw, C. J. Shannon; Lancaster
LeRoySprings; Marion, E. H. Gasque
ir 11 m n XT i_
iviariooro, i. r>. uioson; iNewoerry
E. H. Aull; Oconee, Z W. Jordau
Orangeburg, B. H. Moss; Pickens, J
E. Boggs; Richland, W. McB. Sloan
Sumter, R. I. Manning; Union. J. A
Flant; Williamsburg, F. B. G-rier
York, W. B. Moore.
Chesterfield, Florence, Hampton
Laurens, Lexington, Spartanburg an<
Saluda were not represented.
Commissioner Roche, after the rol
call, took the floor and stated that af
ter the meeting in Spartanburg, hi
had looked through the comptrolle
general's office and gotten the last as
sessment of all the counties in th<
State, which he had here, and fron
which he apportioned the $10,001
among the counties according to thi
amount of taxable property in each
He would like the secretary to read it
so that every one present could se<
what sum his county had been assess
Mr. Boggs of Pickens, to get matter
before the meeting in a proper man
ner, made a motion that Mr. Roche';
assessments be adopted. It would no
of course be binding on each counts
to raise the amount assessed, but eacl
would simply do its best to get sue!
Mr. Moore of York said that some o
the counties did not have as mucl
interest in the exposition as others
and by this assessment plan wouh
not be equally treated. Some of thi
/tAiinfiao nri h 4 Vt a 1 o hnpnef occnoomnnt
wuuii&o nxvu iuo iaigtoi aaocooiucuu
would not have so large manufactur
ing interests as others, and he though
the counties having such interest;
should do a greater part toward get
ting up the exhibit for Chicago.
Mr. Sproies said if $405 was wha
Abbeville was to raise, he would d<
his best to get it, and though ther<
would be difficulty in getting it, ye
he would go before the different towi
coucils and ask for appropriation ant
try in other ways.
Mr. Moore asked if there could no
be a plan devised by which the facto
ries could be assessed so much, accor
ding to the number of spindles oi
looms. He thought that all the mone]
would have to come from the town:
or factories, or it would not come a
Mr "Rncrirs sniH t.Viflf. fViA mmmis
sioners must first go the individual!
and ask for contributions. In hi:
county he was going to appoint solic
iting agents at each precinct and h<
wou.'d get 50 cents from each of them
anyway, and as there would be j
good number of them, the amoun
thus raised would ba considerable.
Mr. Dean stated that in his opinion
the plan proposed by Mr. Rocne wa
the most equitable. Let the monej
be raised, even if hot suppers h.td tc
be given as a last resort. GreenvilL
would come up with her share and hi
moved to vote on Mr. Roche's plan.
Mr. Tucker of Charleston arose ant
said he thought Charleston's stocl
had bepn watered. He submitted i
plan, whereby each county should b<
assessed according to populatioi
and wealth. By this plan the assess
ment of Charleston would be reducei
from $1,215 to $750. Changes woulc
be made in all the counties by thi!
plan, the amount being raised in som<
and decreased in others. This was :
moral obligation to raise the amoun
under Mr. Roche's plan and he die
not want to leave letting the member
think that Charleston could rais
$1,2U0. What right did this meeting
nave iu assess lauturies, uuuas u,
anyone else? Some factories in thi;
ritdte did not care aoy thing about th<
exposition, They didn't want nev
factories built and have competition
As for the Atlanta exposition, Charles
ton had given $t,fc'00, but he did no
think there was any hope of getting
the $1,200 assessed.
Mr. Ligon of Anderson regretted t<
hear Mr. Tucker speak as he did. I
did look to him as if $10,000 spent nov
would do more good than any otlie
investment. The assessment of Ander
son, compared to Charleston's wa
large, and it was time for more patriot
ism to be shown. He urged that th<
motion be passed and all get to worl
with a will.
Mr. Tucker would not make a speed
ou Charleston's record, but he woul<
say that her past record spoke for ll
self and could not be impugued.
Mr. Kay ofsAiken said he had com
here to get enthusiasm and not th
oiues. Aiken's amount was twic
what her people had expected, butstil
they were going to try to raise it.
.binaliy, the assessments ot the dif
ferent counties were read and remark
made thereon by the representative o
They are as follows:
Abbeville, $4U5. "It could probabl]
be raised," said the commissioner.
Aiken, $349. "Yes; they would In
Anderson, $348. "Yes."
Barnwell, $373. "Three hundred
and twenty-five dollars would be raised
and maybe the whole amount."
Beaufort, $211. "The county was in
debt and had a large negro population,
but efforts would be made to get $100
Berkeley, $302. "No wealth except
land and negroes, yet it would do its
Charleston, $1,215. "Of this $750
could be raised."
Chester, $223. "Chester would give
Chesterfield, $91. No remarks were
made as the county was not represented.
Clarendon, $157. "It would be
Colleton, $251. "The amount would
Darlington, $221. "Yes; we will
Edgefield and Saluda, $365. "That
will be raised."
Fairfield, $211. "Not much encouragement
from the people, but as
much as possible will be raised.''
Florence, $215. There was no one
A / l_
10 answer ior uer.
[ Georgetown, $119. *lNot less than
; $150 would be raised," said the commissioner.
3 Greenville, $470. "It would be
5 given." ' f
1 Horry, $96. "At least $100 would
? be "given."
t Kershaw, $150. "It could be given."
Lancaster, $131. "She would give
Laurens, $239. No one from there
e to answer.
Lexington, $L98. There was no
commissioner from this county, so the
chairman appointed Mr. W. P. Roof.
Marion, $249; Marlboro, $149; Newberry,
$298; Oconee, $l55 0rangeburer,
$110; Pickens $125; Richlaad, $443;
would all be ready with the cash, so
their commissioners stated.
Spartanburg, $643. Mr. Twichell,
the commissioner, was absent.
Sumter, $377; and Union, $195.
Both would try and get their amounts.
Williamsburg, $155. "Afraid it
could not be raised."
York, $365. "Could be counted on."
After the reading of tBe assessment
of the counties and expression of opinions,
Mr. Manning wished to hear
from Mr. Roche as to what his views
and aims were.
Mr. Roche said the display to be
J made at Chicago depended on how
much money there was at the disposal
1 of the commissioner. Maunfactories
_ would be urged to make individual
g exhibits, and >f they did so the money
. required would not be quite so much.
Work should be started at once, as the
5 exposition opened by the middle of
August; and fruits, vegetables, e rains,
etc, should be gathered and put througn
some process of preserving.
Seven Statss have gone into this
show, and it will be a general southern
States exposition. All the resources
of the State would be shown, and this
was an opportunity to work for South
The matter of advertising by individuals
came up, and so did the question
as to how much would be charged
per line in the proposed hand books.
This was referred to the committee on
A full discussion was had as to the
best way to raise the amounts in each
county. All were generally in favor
of subscription lists.
Mr. Morgan of Georgetown moved
that all the commissioners raise their
funds by the 20th inst. and send them
to Mr. W. A. Clarke, the treasurer of
the exposition funds. This was agreed
to. Mr. Folk introduced a resolution
thanking the railroads for furnishing
free transportation to this meeting. It
Governor Evans made a few con
' eluding remarks. He said the factot
ries had shown great lukewarmness in
' aiding in the Atlanta exhibit. He had
\ to make personal appeals to them, and
even then he met with poor success.
t This was a southern State exposition,
and it would be the means of carrying
manufactured products to a new
market. This should remove the fear
of new factories coming in and comg
peting, for they never came from the
? west, it being an agricultual region.
He spoke of the advantages of emmigrants
coming into this State from the
" west, and urged Charleston to do her
3 best for the exposition. Twelve hun3
dred dollars could be raised there
* without trouble.
5 Mr. Roche was instructed to send
i out to the county commissioners a cir1
cular stating what had been done at
1 this meeting, giving the scope of the
work and the assessment of thecoun>
ties. This circular is to be printed in
3 the county papers.
7 The finance committee was autho}
rized to give the commissioner a suit0
able salary for his work.
3 The meeting then adjourned.
Mr. Roche left for Atlanta last night
* to attend a meeting of the advisory
? committee, composed of members from
1 iU/\ /-v v-? art si* i n Ua cv.
liic do v *>Li, utatoa uimu^ pai t m iuc ca3
!- Diaz's Startling Story.
i Jacksonville, Fla., May 2.?The
1 Rev. Alberto Diaz, Southern Baptist
3 missionary, expelled from Cuba by
8 Weyler, in a long interview tells ap1
palling stories of atrocities being comt
mitted by Spaniards. In the last
i two weeks in the rural districts of San
s Miguel, Del Pardon and Minas Mr.
e Diaz says Col. Fonderville has had
? more than one hundred persons butchr
ered and then reported them to the
s outside world as having been killed
s in battle. Among those killed were
7 children 12 and 14 years of age. The
victims were compelled to dig their
(* own graves before being shot. As the
1 steamer was leaving Havana Mr. Diaz
I says word was brought on board that
twenty seven more peaceable citizens
3 had been butchered by Col. Fonder1
ville's iroopsnear Eavana. Col. Fonv
derville is one of Weyler's favorites
r and is acting under tne Captain Gen
e New York. May 5.?As the result
? of the explosion of a gasoline stove in
a Brooklyn tenement house today,two
i women aud two children were so badi
ly burned that they died soon after.
Two other children were also seriously
burned. The dead are: Mrs. Ree
ueeea Cohen, 231 Johnson street; (Jarl
e (Jolren, aged 2years; Solomon Cohen,
e aged 3 years; Mrs. Rasternek, 234
1 Johnson street, Solomon and Rosie
Rasternek, one aged 8 months and one
' months, were seiiously burned.
i A lawyer may keep her hat on
when addressing the court down in
Jersey, if she happens to be a woman.
y Such was the decision of Chancellor
ilcLrill the other day when opposing
/ counsel ungallantly called attention 10
the fact that Miss iJhiibrook, attorney
had not removed her hat.
A MARKED IMPROVEMENT J
IN THE CONDITION OF THE CROPS OF
THE STATE. t, /M
Weekly Ualletln of the State Weather A'ijla
Observer Issued Yesterday?The Rain 'jff
Relieves the Situation Somewhat.
The following is the encouraging
weekly bulletin of the condition of
the weather and the crops of the State ,: 'M
issued yesterday by State Weather
This bulletin covers the weather
auu ?rup uuuunions ior 1116 W86K enu- ;-jD
ing Saturday, May 2, and in its preparation
were used reports from one or
more correspondents in each county .&% :i
of the State. weather.
The past week was considerably
cooler than the previous one, with* H ^
mean temperature about 2 degrees
above the normal. The mean for the ' 'mBus
week was 69 degrees, that being the JSj J
average of 40 stations reporting mean V'jaB
tempeeature; the normal for the same :'M
period is approximately 67 degrees.
The highest mean was 73 degrees, and. J3 JB
occurred at Shaw's Forks, Aiken coun-VjjaH
ty; the lowest, 66 degrees, occurred at ^Kifl
Little Mountain, Newberry county# _ rJJ
The maximum temperature for the'v^wi
week was 90 degrees on May 1st, re- - W*
ported from Gillsonville, Hampton
county, the minimum was 48 on April ;
4/ili, re pur i eu iruuu ujrjuuu, x? lureuuo
county, and 50 on the 26th, reported '.
from Elloree, Orangeburg county. , i:%Wm
The excess in temperature over the
normal since March 1 was slightly in- '
creased, and now averages about 1.5 V$S|
degrees per day. ' :
The late drought was effectually re- ) ,|$0:
lieved at most places during the week, , f
but the showers were scattered and *]^B|
partial, so that there yet remain many
localities without beneficial rains, but
generally the rains were sufficient for i
the present needs of crops. In rich- ,'^Ww
land, Newberry, York and portions of
Sumter, Kershaw, Lancaster and Ler- ' ^s
ington but little rain fell, and practi-> *e| I
cally none along the southeastern
ceast. Elsewhere the showers were '
well distributed and in places heavy.
The following; heavy rainfalls were re- - QM9
ported: Society Hill, 1.60; Green- vrjfg
2.84; Pickens, 1.82; Camden/ 1.27;
Averill 1.53; 8partanburg, 1,04; Poverty
Hill, 1.20; Santuc, L2L Tea
other stations reported measurements
ranging from 0.50 to 1.00, and 26 reported
f rom none to 0.50. The average Xjfjsm
of 43 rainfall records for the week is ' Jif|n
0.54, and the normal for the same
period is approximately 0.79. ,
Note?Special reports received since tragi
the regular reports were closed state \
that rain was general over the State
on Sunday and Monday (May 3 and 4.)
Liberty, Pickens county, reported
over 4 inches. The special reports
will be recorded regularly in the next
is a decided better tone to
crop reports as compared with tlw&^|sl
previous week, and with but few
limited exceptions all crops made satisfactory
improvement, due to the rains .mm
of this and the previous we jk. The ;
full beneficial effects of the late rains -SWm
are not yet reflected in the reports, ex- ~
cept where anticipated, so that con
tinued improvement may be expected.
Corn made satisfactory advance dor- t fflin
g the week. It has received its first '. 'f[j?
work genei ally, and in places its sec- fjj:
ond. The later planting has not at- ..
tained good stands yet, but will be
materially helped in this respect by .ffip
the late rains. Corn retains a good t'%
color, but cut worm* are damaging
the stands in a few counties. But . ?&#
worms were injuriously active in Lex- W,
ington and Edgefield counties during ;I&
the few cool nights. Much bottom ' >'-11
land corn yet to plant. All reports i
on corn are favorable. ;'m
Cotton planting is practically fin- r^Saj
ished, reports indicating that in a few &
counties from 5 to 10 per cent only |
remains to be planted. That that ,.ijn
which is up has a vigorouns stand of
good color, but later planting coming jjj
up to irregular stands, but daring the a
latter part of the week a great im- j
provement was noted in this respect
Chopping out has been actively begun. .
The hot, dry weather of the past two
weeks affected cotton favorably, except
that it retarded germination. Sea ^
island cotton nas a gooa st&na ana ^
color, but needs rain badly.
The failing tendency of grain was
effectually checked by the rains. Oats jftgj
have shown much improvement during
the latter portion of the week, but
it continues to be the opinion of most
correspondents that oats cannot fully ^
recover from the damaging effects of '
the late drought. Fall oats look more
promising than spring sowing. Oats
are ripening in the southeastern counties,
and heading generally. Wheat
also has improved, and in places has
sufficient length of stalk, and is stooling
and heading satisfactorily.
Tobacco has grown well in beds. >
Plants are small in beds that were re- %
planted in March. Transplanting has
been slow, some farmers watered the \'K
plants by hand previous to the rains.
Transplanting will now be pushed
rapidly, as the weather favors it.
Plants continue comparatively scarce.
Rice seeding contiunes, and what is
up appears to be doing well generally,
except in Florence county, where
poor stands are reported. Tne weather
favors late planted rice.
The different reports continue to express
a diversity of opinion as to the
fruit prospects. In some localities
fruit is dropping freely, while in other
localities the prospects continue prom- ./]
ising. Generally in the extreme eastern
and extreme western counties the
trees look most promising.
Grapes appear to be putting out numerous
bud clusters and promise well.
Small berries are ripening in the
southern cc unties. Strawberries are
plentiful every-where. <s
Gardens have improved where
enough rain fell, but in some localities
continue to fail, although seasonable
vegetables are comparatively
plentiful, and quantities of peas, beans,
radishes, cucumbers and cab
bages being shipped out of rtie State.
Sweet potatoes putting out plenty ot ^
draws, which appear to be more plenti- /
ful than for many years; In places
considerable transplanting has been.
done. Irish potatoes generally doing
well with rapid improvement noted.
Dugs are numerous on the coast potato
lipids, aud are reported from a few '
other sections ol the Slate.
Mrs. Fannie R. Allen, of Athol,
Mass., who is 75 years old, recently
took unto herself a new husband.
This is somewhat remarkable in view
of the fact that the bride is a great- ?