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WxCLE SAM'S JUBILEE. :
gW SIXTY YEARS OF CROWTH IN THE ,
|||f UNITED STATES. <
H? Great as England Is. the United State* Are
>fjp Greater? In Population, Wealth, Manu- <
^ *>.?11 frtuilu V/lnrutlnn lint] Pro- 1
ductlve Power This Country Leads. ]
The burden of the Victorian jubilee
song, says the New York World, is the 1
great growth of Great Britain at home '
and abroad during the sixty years of 11
But, in the language of the Man in f
the Street, "there are others."
Uncle Sam's jubilee, for instance, *
"wottiu t>e very rnucu mure nuinccsi.c
even than Qneen Victoria's. <
The British Empire in 1897 includes 1
a total area of 11,335,806 square miles i
and a population of 380,000,000, using ]
round figures. While a great part of ]
this vast territory was acquired either i
AMERICAN 0'n/% ?
RAI LROA O
by conquest, treaty or settlement, in t
the reigns of Victoria's predecessors,
yet the population and development t
thereof have been accomplished mostly g
within the past sixty years. t
It is not the number of square miles i
that make a nation great, but thenum- d
* 1 * !._ _*i.1 i.~ A.V ~
Der ana tne quauiy 01 me meu w iu?
In 1841 (the year of the first Vic- a
torian census) the United Kingdom p
had 27,000,000 inhabitants. In 1891 \i
it had nearly 38,000,000. It appears _
that the Queen is ruling to-day over
n.hnnf. 11 000.00ft more subieets than
she did in 1837.
During the same period the United
Kingdom has sent out about 9,000,000
surplus population, one-half of whom
have come to the United States.
The actual increase in the number
of the Queen's white subjects at home
and abroad appears to have been about
23,000,000. Sir Walter Besant estimates
that, scattered over the whole of
the British Empire, there are now
about 50,000,000 people speaking the
Tint tVio oTAwtVi nf fho TTni+Afl StAtes
?- o ? I
in population has been far greater. In
1840, three years after Victoria became
Queen, the population of the United
States was aboht 17,000,000. In 1897
the population of the United States, ~
according to estimates made for the 4
World by the Governors of the States ?
and Territories, was over 74,000,000. f
| POPULAT/OH t
While the people who speak English i
under the British flag have been about t
doubling themselves, the people -who I
speak that language under the Ameri- c
can flag have multiplied four and one- a
third times. Putting it most gener- f
ously for our British jubilee friends,
we have been adding to our population u
twice as fast as they have for the past $
sixty years. I
Passing no-re- to the comparison of c
wealth, there are no official figures 4
^ V E A
AMfclVON , , <W
available to show what the aggregate .
national wealth of the United Kingdom 1
was in 1837. But there are abundant i
later statistics to warrant the state- f
ment that, great as the growth of
British commerce, manufactures, rail- s
roads and the resulting total produc- i
tion of wealth has been under Vic- ,
toria's rule, the contemporaneous |
creation of wealth in the United States \
has been much greater. (
Editor Stead, in the current Review ]
of Reviews, says that the wea'th of the j
TTnifa/1 TT1 n cm nni Vine Kuan m nl + tnlitt/1
four times siuee 1837. If he is correct,
its valuation when the Queen \
was crowned must have been about
The census taken in 18-10 showed i
that the aggregate wealth of the
United States was about $4,000,000,- 1
000, or an average of $410 per capita, <
As last computed, by the census of
1890, the total wealth of this country
is $65,037,000,000. That is justabout
tjurty-three per cent, greater than the
r , - computed
total of the wealth of Great a
England's total wealth to-day is
jstimated by her own famous statisti- fa
nan. Dr. Robert GifFen, at $50,175,- al
300,000. So she is behind the United E
States in the size of her pile by about ni
?11,000,000,000. Uncle Sam's farm is d
tvorth more than John Bull's in the pi
proportion of at least thirteen to ten. la
In the one item of real estate the tl
raluation of this country stands rela- G
lively tp that of Great Britain as two
:o one. The lands and buildings of C?
:he United Kingdom -were last valued I p,
it about $20,000,000,000, and those of
he United States at just about ?40,- C(
The wealth in houses in this "land tl
)f the free" represented an annual in- I]
restment of about ?12.50 per inhabit- h
int for the twenty years ending with ei
1890. The annual average in Great st
Britain represented an annual investnent
of less than ?6 per inhabitant for ic
t- cn c
WTH M CROwrk
he same period. pc
Inasmuch as economists tell us that Si
he outlay on houses is the surest
;auge of wealth, it thus appears that re
he average accumulation of property Bj
a the United States is more than t^
louble what it is in the British Isles, isi
Coming next to commerce we find or
Ir. Stead claiming that British trade St
nd shipping are about five times as ex- fo
iensive and valuable in 1897 as they as
rere in 1837. He points to the fact
BRITISH EXPENDITURE fon ?
c r\i /? a ti nu
t. uwun i IUII
FOR EOUCATION ro
hat the value of the annual exports jj
nd imports of the kingdom rose from ,
1700,000,000 in 1837 to nearly $3,00,000,000
in the nineties.
But we can dwarf these figures also. ?
lixty years ago the total imports and
xports of the United States were less i
han $200,000,000 per year. Now they .
re over 31,500,000,000 a year. While
Jritish foreign trade has been multi- 1
dying five-fold American foreign trade
ias multiplied seven-fold. ^
In the matter of railroads, Mr. Stead
ays truly that the great bulk of Brit- ^
9h railroad mileage has been built J
ince Victoria began to reign. Even
o, our railroad building record beats
b "all hollow."
The total railroad mileage of the *:
Jnited Kingdom to-day is about
1,000 miles. The railway mileage of ?
he United States is more than nine fc
imes as large. We have over 180,000 ||
ailes of railroads already built, and
hat is more than the combined rail- 3
oad mileage of all the nations of Eu- ^
ope put together.
Coming next to manufactures, Mr. ^
Stead gives a diagram showing that
letween 1837 and 1897 the value of
British, manufactures lias about dou?led.
That is a good lively gait, but
t does not touch the pace at which ?
he manufactures have grown in the ^
Jnited States. Our statistics are not "
omplete enough for close comparison
,way back in 1837, but we have the
igures from 1850 to 1890.
In 1850 the gross value of the man- P1
ifactured products of this country was ^
>1,000,000,000, using round figures. m
in 1890 the gross valne of the product er
if American manufactures was ?9,- S1
tOO, 000,000. So that in forty years a'
. v at
'o V/ORMNG J<
_ ' working a
American manufactures increased in
t-alue nine-fold, as against a two-fold
ncrease in the value of British manufactures
in sixty years.
Mr. Mulhall, the celebrated British
itatistician, has pointed out that "the
productive power ot a nauon can oe
r >asured at each census with almost
;he same precision as that with which
the astronomer indicates the distances
jf the heavenly bodies." An ablebodied
male adult has a daily working
power equal to that required to lift
500 tons one foot. On this basis Mr. \
Mulhall reports the physical power of i
the American nation to-day to be equal '
to 6406 millions of foot tons per day.
To that he adds the horBe-power and
steam-power of the country, and reports
the total daily lifting power in
the United States at 129,806 millions
of foot tons. The meaning of this statement
is better understood when o
it is added that, by Mr. Mulhall's o
computation, "the United States pos- t<
seas almost as much productive energy j d
-i i -
s Great Britain. Germany and France j
He tells tig further that an average j
irm haud in the United States raises s
: much grain a? three farm hands in \
ngland, by reason of his superior j
tachinery and tools. Whence we de- I
net the fact that the daily working
ower, or capacity for productive ?
.bor, of the United States is about |
iree times as great at least as that of |
reat Britain. C
Finally, there is the matter of edu- ~
ition, and perhaps after all this is the
oint of comparison of which we have
le best right to be proud. The 1)1
snsus of 1890 shows that eighty-seven lll
er cent, of our total population above b'
le age of ten can both read and write. w
i the words of Mr. Mulhall, "l!n the &
istory of the human race no nation ai
rer before possessed 41,000,000 in- w
ructed citizens." b
Great Britain is no doubt the lead- 11
ig nation in Europe in the matter of E
>f BRITISH /AAMUF/kCTURE.
?r AMERICAN " i.,,c*r>Tnn e
' in'ivrnvwnb Ul
>pular education, but the United la
;ates had a common school system ir
vay back when Victoria began to b
ign and long before, while Great h
ritain has only had one for about g<
enty-two years. Even to-day Brit- ti
li expenditure on public schools is s<
dy SI.30 per capita, while the United f?
ates are spending $2.40 per capita
r the same purpose, or nearly twice b
SWAN'S NEST UPON A ROCK. fg
Unique Sight In New York's Great ci
Pleasure Ground. ti
There is a swan's nest in Central ei
irk, and two big black swans take ol
rns in guarding it. There are four ft
g oval eggs in the nest, and they are s]
ry precious, for they are the only T
an's eggs that will be laid in the | aj
irk this year. The nest is built on j a:
bare open rock ten feet in diameter | d
d rising but little more than a foot j it
ove the water. It is in the lower is
nd, near the arch of the new stone j p
idge and only fifteen feet from the ir
>oded and rocky shore. tl
The nest is shallow, but measures
e feet across. It is round and is h
lilt of large twigs, grass and leaves. tl
is in the very centre of the little p
cky islet. fc
The female sits on the nest almost a
1 of the time, while the male seeks ti
r food, or lies in wait near by, ready p,
dash at any enemy that moy ap- c<
oach the nest. The hatching will be ti
matter of weeks. Once in a while ci
e male bird relieves his mate from a1
ity, and takes a turn at keeping the i ir
ur eggs warm while the female flies h
) and down the pond. g,
Big swans are formidable foe3, and d
len angered by anyone approaching
eir nest fight with wonderful fierce- tl
88. it is a bold man wno dares to m
ik his eyes in a battle with them. ir
- _ s1
^ ? -r- f?
span's nest in central pa.sk.
it a swarm of little sparrows, as if ii
lowing how easily the big birds are g
igered, like to hop and twitter mis- tl
ievously abont them. f(
The Park keepers are greatly sur- i<
ised at the spot chosen for the nest. 1<
ast year there was also one solitary 1
;st for the entire season, but the par- s'
it birds, a couple of white ones, made I e
eat effort to hide their home, even a
lopting the remarkable expedient of p
lilding a false decoy nest to attract b
tention from the spot.?New York ii
A Kat Killing Duel. ^
A bet was made at Villa Rica, Ga., a
w days ago between W. H. Etarton
id John Bass as to who could kill the
ost rats in two hours' time. The ^
po men repaired to Barton's barn. It
as full of corn and fodder, and an in- rj
ting home for rats. They moved the
>rn and the rats moved out in great
umbers. Each man was armed with a
ub. Barton killed 441 and Bass ?
J6, Barton winning by five rats. In
cotton basket the dead rats were put
id weighed an even hundred pounds.
-Douglaaville (Ga.) New South.
inister Born When Washington Was 0
This is a picture of a Coldwater e
Hich.) preacher, who was born when ?
Washington was President. He was *
REV. W. B. 9PRAGUE. ll
ne hundred years old on the last day 0
f last February. It was his ambition ^
) round out his century and live U?- b
er still another Administration. jj
\ '" V
?^=T=cT=ci-r.t.?-?-?.Li,i,i-? '- - , ?-^rrr' finui ma
*<>. y^\ K
The beauty am] value of ft flowered
or a farm depends not a little
pon a well-chosen and well-kept
jrder. We have never met a person
ho admired a farm bordered with
ilapidated fences overrun with briars
ad weeds, or a fine crop surrounded
ith tall weeds. Cut 'em down in the
eauty (?) and vi|jor of youth, and relove
the old run-down fences.?The
The Cairn Drinking: Pall.
Calves during the first summer are
requently pastured in an orchard or
ethered by a rope near the barn. In
il:her case water must be carried to
lem and their puil is vejy likely to be
pped over.?American Agriculturist.
Curing Hay for Home Use.
In hay making, two points are to be
jnsidered, writes J. S. "Woodward, of
ew York. First, how to get the
rrli4- cmsth Kotr oc ia mnof
?T Ol^Ut V4 OUVU UtOIC *4 UiVOU
i demand in the market and will
ring the highest price, and second,
ow to get the largest amount of diestible
stock food to the acre. The
rst is from the standpoint of the hay
slier. The other from that of the hay
Fortunately for the farmer, the hay
eying public has not yet "got onto"
le fact that for all animals for all puroses
for a driving horse even, there
i no hay quite equal to early cut, well
3red clover, so the market calls for
mothy hay and such will sell for sevral
dollars per ton more than any
ther, and it must be made from grass
illy grown and ripened to a point just
aort of the shattering of the seed,
here is a prejudice in the market
gainst hay that is too green in color,
ud although hay cut early and of a
e.ep green color is far better to feed,
will not bring as much as that which
i lighter in color, in fact, almost white,
roviding this color comes from fuller
nturity and not from bleaching by
While no other of the true grasses
f\s nearly so high a feeding value as
ie northern bluegraaa, "Poa cornreasa,"
and nothing increases the
seding value of timothy hay more than
mixture of this grass, such a mixire
injures its market value in proortion
to the quantity of bluegrass
Mitained. So then, for market, clean
mothy is wanted, and it should be
it just before its seeds will shell and
t this stage can be cut in the morn.ig
of a good hay day, and drawn and
imsed in afternoon, especially if it be
[>ne over with a tedder soon after
But as to the best time to cut
ie various kinds of grasses, best
lethods of curing, handling and stor:g
to get best results in feeding farm
;ock. We do not cave for bulk but
;r amount of digestible food. A well
tablished fact in vegetable growth is,
:.at during the early season much of
ie growth of hay plants is at the exjnse
of nutriment stored up the preious
season, and that up to a certain
oint of maturity the plaut is largely
jer and water, and that beyond this
me the plant is taking in carbon from
le air anil uniting that with the water
ml forming the carbohydrates?first
ugar, then starch and lastly fiber;
rnt the further this change goes the
oody fiber increases and the digestile
A rapid change also takes place in
:ie constituents of grasses in the cur:ig
or drying process. While the green
rass may contain much sugar, when
le same has been cured but little can
>und, it having passed on to the starch
>rm largely, and doubtless more or
isa has gone on into the woody state,
hese facts true, grasses of all kinds
aould be cut when they have the greatit
quantity of sugar and starch per
ere, as these are both almost comletely
digestible. If allowed to go
eyond this the hay may increase much
1 weight and still lose much of its diestible
With all the grasses, clover included,
[lis point will be found just at the
eriod of full bloom. I know many
ave a notion tliat tiae pollen on tne
rasses makes the hay dusty, but if
tiat be the only dust on tho hay, no
ninial will ever be injured by its use.
.'here is one objection to this early
utting of grass for hay?it is much
lore work to cure it, but the far
reater value will more than compenate
for the extra labor.
I have tried almost every way of hay
laking but, all things considered, I
refer to do most of the curing in cock,
like to start the mower about four
'clock in the afternoou and keep it
unuing-until 10 o'clock the next day,
xcept for a couple of Lours in the
arly morniug. Ii the grass is heavy,
; should bo shaken out with a tedder
efore noon and by three ic the afteroou
it will be rcwly to rake aud go
Few men know just how to make a
ooil hay c;?c!:. Almost anyouo can
lake a bunch, but it takes an artist
3 put up a hay cock so it will shed
din anil not be blown over by every
ttle breeze. It should be small on
Lie ground, rather tail and 30 built up
liat the outside coat shall shed rain
ke the thatch on a stack. This is
a.-ily done by "one ^\vho]| knows how,
ut difficult to describe so that a novice
an make one just right. Hay put into
ocks after beinsr fully wilted will, in
ood weather, sweat aud cure out,
eady to go iuto the barn, in two to
ve days, according to the weather.
When cured enough on a bright
loruing after dew is off, the cooks
tiould be deftly opeuod into just good
ized forkfuls, and in an hour aud a
alf oy two hours it is ready to draw
nd put into barns. Of courso where
ne has not storage under cover he will
e compelled to stack the hay, but I
elieve this is a wasteful practice and
hat even with t!ie beat system of atqofc
. v U'l v WW*
' ' ^**11
in 5, enough will be wasted in a few
years to pay for a building in which to
stjre it. The old notion was, that the
bt rn for storing hay should be open
ar.d that the doors should all be left
open to air the hay, but now people
hnve learned that the tighter the barn
and the closer it is kept shut, the
greener the hay can be stored with
safety and the better it will keep. In
b lying a lot of clover hay in England
to feed a flock of sheep which I was to
b ring over, while on ship I was struck
by its dark color but delicious fragrance
and the fact that the sheep ate
e rery portion, even to the coarse stalk,
a id i'rom then till now I have been
trying to cure clover like it, and have
succeeded pretty well by curing it in
lt.rge cocks and putting into mows
quite damp.?New England Homea.parl
Excellent Cheap Chicken Coops.
It is well to utilize the leisure of
winter in preparing for the rush oj
work that always comes when spring
opens. One such preparation is the
preparing of the needed chicken coops
for t!ae broods to be hatched out during
the spring months. A simple arrungament
is shown in the cut. Empty
g-ocory boxes are pvocuredand turned
upon their side3, the cover being replaced
by slats, the cover being reserved
for closing the coop at night.
Upon the top now nail three strips
that will project fifteen inches in front,
n aking the middle strip higher than
the other two. Tack upon these strips,
a:i shown in the cut, a piece of tarred
piper, and a waterproof roof will not
only be secured, but a protection from
SIMrLE HEN COOP.
the sun in front of the coop. This will
be very grateful to the chicks in hot
weather, and to the mother-hen, which
often suffers in the ordinary coop in
the heat of summer.
These coops will answer their purpose
admirably, can be made with but
a few moments' work, and need not
cost over fifteen or twenty cents apiece.
?New York Tribune.
Farm and Garden Notes*
If AnwlVt Trnnfo OT /?lr
illULIiCl Cdi bU nauwo uua uwvu
scratched after showers.
The successful farmer not only
knows how to do his work well, but
does it as well as he knows how.
Dig out and haul off, or bury, the
rock that dulls your plow or sickle, or
you may have a break to repair next
Our rule has been to begin turning
the horses on pastures nights as soon
as the crops aTe in and the pasture
good. We consider it a good plan.
Tomatoes, sweet potatoes, turnips,
etc., may well follow extra early potatoes..
sweet corn, lettuce and radishes,
thus securing two crop3 from the same
Many a behind-hand farmer might
succeed in raising a profit by lowering
the cost, through a more intelligent and
indr.strious use of better teams, tools
Tie 'journals of grass and grain
cutting machinery must be kept well
"-' ? -1 it. a nn/1 illrt I
UIItHlj tllO CO ouai^f auu vuo ^/ivmuu i
of such length that the sections will !
exactly centre in the guards.
On farms where much feed is ground |
for stock a good feed mill will often be ;
found to pay; the saving in toll will j
soon amount to the price of one and j
then the grain will not have to be I
hauled over bad roads.
In harrowing sod ground first time j
over it is best to go same way the
plow went, for the harrow will then be
inclined to push the imperfectly
turned sods over to their places instead
of tearing them up.
Much American butter goes abroad,
but whether consumed at home or
abroad, competition is sharp and
quality must be just right or down we i
go. Questions of competition usually j
turn upon the matter of quality.
Water the horse before feeding; the I
before-dinner drink is the more j
copious and hearty, as it should be,
though in warm weather we always
water after dinner as well. Water is I
cheap; give the animals plenty of it.
Dairymen well know that beets and
marigolds are excellent for cows, toning
up the system and increasing the
flow of milk; and now an experienced
Nebraska man claims the feeding of
sugar beets to hogs is an almost certain
preventive of cholera.
A smile should now play around the
corners of the improved stock breeder's
month?at least the one who is
stocked up with good animals. Our
stock industries have been running
down hill long enough, and now the
upgrade seems to have been reached.
Hardwood ashes are a commercial
article, and are shipped into this
country in large quantities for fertilizing
purposes, yet how many
farmers forget to save up and utilize
a nice bunch of home-made ashes
which may be secured without money
and without price.
We can hardly afford to be satisfied
with only one litter a year when tho
outlook is as promising as now. rne
heavy losses by cholera have, in many
sections, been followed by unfavorable
weather conditions and a high death
rate in the early spring pig crop.?
Of home-made hay caps the Massachusetts
station has found cotton impregnated
with tannin more durable 1
than oiled cotton. Caps of some sort
have been found "extremely useful,
especially with, such crops as clover,
millets, oats ana peas and other slow (
caring crops, especially those muoh !
injtired bjQiQ^Bsiyq UaPdling.'^cjJ"?
WORDS OF WISDOM. ^
Some people consider it hard to be
poor, but the majority of us find it T]
Don't get into the habit of vulgarizing
life by making light of the sentiment
of it. T'
a.ic.i __ _.a j 11..1
oemauuess is uiieu so reuiieu luuu
it is deeply wounded at the least remonstrance.
If we had no defects, we should not
take so much pleasure in discovering
those of others.
There is no man easier to be deceived
than he who hopes, for he aids
In his own deceit.
A pound of water in the ocean tempest
has no more gravity than in a
Our happiness in this world depends
very largely on the affection we
are able to inspire.
The feeble tremble before opinion,
the foolish defy it, the wise judge it,
the skillful direct it.
Don't express a positive opinion unloaa
vAn ltr nnrl ArflfcjiTlfl wllflt
you are talking about.
True genius much resembles a mus*
tard plaster. The secret of its smartness
lies in close application. h
If a man tells us what he thinks of w
his neighbors, we can generally tell
what his neighbors think of him. tl
He whose ruling passion is the love
of praise, is a slave to every one that q
has a tongue for flattery and calumny.
We are oftener more cruelly robbed 31
by those who steal into our hearts |!
than by those who break into our n
Fun is the most conservative ele- a;
ment of society, and ought to be ai
cherished mid encouraged by all lawful
It is an inevitable law that a man ^
cannot be happy unless he lives for ?
something higher than his own happiness.?The
While no one will question the ad- t]
disability of using fresh fruits, grain tl
and vegetables when they can be ob- *
tained in a fresh and wholesome state, p
it must be admitted that there are times d
when properly-prepared condensed or a
concentrated foods are extremely de- i(
sirable. It is also worth while to note
that inexperienced cooks and careless
housekeepers are often at a loss to I
know just -what to do in an emergency.
Gradually they are, learning some of jj
the advantages of prepared foods un- i
der such circumstances. Among the
aew introductions are prepared soups
In cakes or blocks. These have meat
Juice with a sort of Julienne soup pre- ^
paration carefully blended, seasoned c
ind put up in a dainty and attractive li
manner. When one wants a dish of a
goup all that is necessary is to provide 3'
the proper amount of water, which l
mnat Ko of Viniiinir nnint. and in a ves- I a
IUUOU KJ\J U? ^ J _
lei which must be closely covered. Put ?
as many of the meat blocks as are re- 3(
quired into a given amount of water,
jover closely and allow to stand for
twenty minutes. In emergencies less Q
^ime will answer, but the full flavor of g,
Jhe soup is not brought out save by a s;
little time. This is destined to be;ome
one of the regulation articles of t)
iiet. There are also biscuits made on i
the same plan. These biscuits are i*
.vrapped in waxed paper and furnished ^
io local customers.?The Ledger. ?
A Knowing Bird Dog. t<
Colonel J. W. Barnett, in New Or- j*
.eans. told a story of an unusually fine ^
bird dog that he once owned, the best
log, he said, that ever was in his possession.
He had trained the dog with
jreat care to know a bird by the ^
feathers it dropped. Did a partridge c,
drop a feather the dog would take the r<
acent and find the bird's retreat. One
day the Colonel hit a wild duck, but
only knocked out a few wing feathers, ig
The dog sniffed them and started li
away. After a little his master called ?
hi?n, but got no response, and at the &
end of an exhaustive search of the r<
neighborhood went home, expecting
the dog would come along later. But
the dog didn't come home until a week |a
afterward, when one day he appeared, tl
thin and bedraggled, just able to trot,
slowly along the road, but carrying a j
dead duck. The Colonel had saved 0
the wing feathers which he saw the j s<
dog last sniff, and upon comparison j cj
frmnd that thev had belonged to the j t<
duck the faithful brute brought home, oj
Apparently the dog had followed the bl
quarry until he found its roosting place
\nd nabbed it asleep.?New York Sun.
Woman Suffrage In This Country. C<
The total number of women registered
and thereby entitled to vote on
the suffrage question at the ilassachu- a<
setts election held November 3, 1896, g
was 39,242. Of this number only 23,- *
068 voted. The vote was as follows: fr
In favor of female suffrage, 22,204; C
against, 864. Women voted on equal M
terms with men in Wyoming under
the Territorial Constitution from 1870
until 1890, when Wyoming was ad- ai
mitted into the Union. The State a|
Constitution, containing the clause j
for woman suffrage, was ratified by j
the people before admission. In I
Tr V>otra fho riffht of suf- I ai
I^UilStiS WUU1CU uu TW v?vr - -Q ..
frage in muaicipal elections. In 1891
over 60,000 women -voted in the
State. In many of the States of the p)
Union school suffrage exists for wo- aj
men. Women in Montana who are
taxpayers have the same rights at the
polls as men. By popular vote in
Colorado in 1893 theje was a majority
of 5000 in favor of woman suffrage.?
Boston Transcript. m
The Cuckoo's Note. te
A curious criticism has been made 01
iw a /^nrrfisnondent of the London ^
Chronicle of H. E. Krehbiel's book,
"How to Listen to Music." The cor- tb
respondent says that Mr. Krehbiel ra
seems to be uitder the impression that
all cuckoos sing the same interval,
"Either yfx. Krehbiel has not heard 01
the cuckoo very much or he has not bi
heard many cuckoos. I have heard
the cuckoo sing a rather sharp second
?sometimes a minor and sometimes a
major third. Last Sunday at West lo
nr:_1.U?aai\nr a 'mirth Whether
>Y icauam uo ?* ?w?..
the same cuckoo varies his note or different
cuckoos sing different intervals ol
I do not know." To this it may be re- oc
plied that probably Mr. Krehbiel re- cc
ferred to the American cuckoo, which,
while closely related to the English
cuckoo, has native peculiarities of his
own that may extend to a different vo- ^
oal method from his English cousin.? C(
New York Advertiser. tl
'K - : 1 . . .. . I;.
. TEMPERANCE COLUMN;
HE DRINK EVIL MADE MANIFEST}
IN MANY WAYS.
ike the riedRe?Xo Truth In the Widespread
Id?a That Seer Drinking Is
Practically HnrmleM?Insurance Doctora
Declare Beer Makes Bad Bisks.
Has the evil habit grown?
Take the pledge;
If to drunkenness you're prone
Take the pledge;
For those who often fall
'Tis the surest cure of all;
It will cure and disenthrall;
Take the pledge.
View the world?look around!
Take the pledge:
8ee the evils that abound;
Take the pledge;
Ask whence the mighty tide
Of sorrows deep and wide
Which flows on every aide!
Take the pledge.
Count the thousands drink has killed!
Take the pledge;
And the hearts with sorrow fllledl Take
Hear the hapless widow's sighs,
And the starving children's cries,
Bead the old man's tearful eyesl
Take the pledge.
Dangers of Beer Drinking.
Those who believe that beer drinking 1M
elpful rather than harmfal ought to reaa
bat the insurance doctors are saying. At
convention here last week thev discussed r V^J
le matter seriously and scientifically, and!
ley held that the habit is injurious andl
takes persons bad risks for Insurance. Dr.
ogers, of the New York Life Insurance
"Recently I had occasion to make some
;udy of what happens among persons en-?
aged In the manufacture of Deer, defined
enerally as brewers. My cases Included!
ot only the workingmen engaged In brewries,
but also the proprietors of brewerieaJ
: is a curious fact that the mortality
mong the proprietors is about as high aa
mong the workmen, showing that theyt
re all given to copious libations. x
"Another curious fact is that the data
iat I have been able to secure Indicates
lat Urtello's point, emphasized by Dr.
ernackl, that mortality is very high at ad- V ; v:
anced ages, is very well Dome out. 'X'tta
lortallty is strikingly low ambng brewers /
1 early years. Up to forty or thereabout^
rewers seem to be about as good risks afl
retty much anybody else. After forty th4 * ffiaM
lortallty rises very high, and I should saj
iat at flfty-flve or sixty years of age aboul
tiree brewers may be expected to di?
'here one average person dies."
It is already clear that beer Is not a ternerance
drink. Now, acoordlng to the > *
octors, it saps the vital forces, and this 14 :
n extremely weighty indictment against
t.?New York Independent.
A Total Abstinence Admiral.
The New York Sun says that Secretary
iong of the Navy has paid a compliment to
be prohibitionists of tne country In giving / 'few
tie name of "The Foote" to torpedo boai
'o. 8, now being built by the Columbian
ron Works of Baltimore. The sailors used
3 sing of Admiral Foote as the man
"Who raised our pay ten cents a day
And stopped our grog forever." ,
'his was literally true. Away back In 1848
.dmiral Foote conducted a total abstlneno^
ampalgn at the Philadelphia Naval Asyi
im, where he was stationed, and persuaded
number of the inmates to give up theiz
at tons of grog. Then he Increased th?
cope of his temperance operations, devot*'
ig his efforts to inducing the Naval Depart'
lent to abolish the allowance of Uqaor to ;
ach enlisted man. In this he was suoce?h \
al, and there has been no free grog in thr
The Season Why.
Dr. Newman Hall, who is eighty yean
Id, was asked how he accounted for hU
plendld physical condition, and he anwered:
"Sober habits, attention to the laws aqd
abits of health, going to bed in, decent
[me, and not working hard late at night.
have never been a diner-out, or indulged
1 heavy suppers. I take a cold bath all
lie year round, and have always been
'alker; I can now do ten miles at a stretoh
Ithout fatigue. My sight and hearing are
effect. Teetotalism has had a great deal
} do with my good health. My father and
lother were total abstainers, and I have
een one for sixty years. I have neve*
Bismarck's Confession. * v
Bismarck says: "My health is recent!>
mch impaired by the recurrence of a pro*
ounced facial neuralgia. The pain be3me9
at times so unbearable that I can find
slief only by pressing my fingers upon fly
heek bones at both sides for minutes at a
me. In that case speaking is difficult, beluse
I can scarcely open my mouth. There m
poetical justice in this, for I have sinned
i my life mostly with my mouth?In eat-,
ig, drinking and speaking. Alcohollo
rinks bring relief, but this relief is followed
y a reaction, the rest is insomnia and ner*
How Paupers Are Made.
Investigations made by the bureau of
tbor statistics of Massachusetts showed
lat of 3230 paupers examined, 2108, or
S.26 per cent., were addicted to the use of!
quor; 866, or 26.81 per cent, were total abtainers,
while in regard to the other 256i
r7.93 percent., no information could bq
jcured. Of the total abstainers 41 pet
snt. were minors. Out of 2701 cases 1274;
r 47.17 per cent.,attributed their pauperism
) their own intemperate habits. In 1543,1
r 64.82 per cent., out of 2379 cases one or
oth parents were addicted to drink.
O A nltinom
Dr. Gracey, our Consul to Fodchow one?
lore, is a man of most decided temperance
jnvictions. When he was in China before;
urlng the Benjamin Harrison administraon,
he refused to serve State dinners with!
quors. Everybody was dumbfounded, andf
rerybody was enraged. The leading An- .
lo-Chinese paper exclaimed about a man
ho had the temerity to serve a winelesi
inner. We never heard of fatal results
om such repasts, and were all proud of ,
onsul who dared to live up to his convicons.
Temperance News and Notet?
It never requires manliness to indulge In
lything. It always requires manliness to
Dstain. i "
One of the most touching pictures for the
jar is a "snap shot" of two little girls In
igs standing bare-footed just inside the
iloon, with men drinking and carousing,.
id timidly asking, "Has father got her?
In a small town in South Dakota the
tree saloons are owned, controlled and
jrsonally managed by the mayor, marshal
ad clerk respectively, and citizens not
jlding office are not encouraged to enter
tis branch of trade. -' ^
The prohibition that gives society tb?
lildren who never saw a drunkard cant
) such a big failure.
With so many good uses, why debauch
ankind with cider grog! A cider drunks
d is the meanest of all topers. With th4
mptation so strong as it is this year, sa
uch cider having been made, we need to
><;ak very plainly, and insist upon recti-1
iau in sue use ui uiuer.
When Spain would found a society tot
ie prevention of cruelty to animals, she
,ised the requlreil sum by revenue fromj *
sr bull tights. We laugh at this idea, ana
>t America deems it quite the thing to}
in city. State and National Governments!
1 revenue derived from a traffic tM)
utalizes and demoralizes the DeoDle.
Mysterious Treasure Trove. ^
k woman employed In a rag room at Belws
Falls, Yt., found a sum of money reintly
stitched into the lining of an old
>at. She quit work at once and no one
is ever been able to ascertain the amount
1 her find, but she has erected a neat andkl
imfnr+nhlA hnnw And Li nroaDeroufl andL
>ntented. * &
The Eastern Question.
Tho poltoy of playing ofT one Power
gainst another in toe Eastern question
ill goes on. while the Sultan of Turkey,
mtinuos the colonization of Thess&iy &aaj
ie augmentation of this army. . __ . 7 '