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Tntlai JHaoj Varittiti to Se.
lKt the Most Profitable?
^ Experiments la Cross
By O. H. Biraklll,
Y 1 T HB improvement of xrheat Is
1 * a *ery important matter. ?nu
| !t i? only natural that the
C work should be undertaken
I %y the experiment station of the leadto*
wheat State of the Union. Minnepgnwiwi??ii
v 'I^BD Jra
uj-.iS :\ |^^^^H^^?M||BHB|BB|HM
PLANTING TEST PLOT8 WITH
Ota. The station is located at St Anthony
Park, which is between tke
<4ties of 8t. Pan! anl Minneapolis. Tlfc
proximity of the great flouring mills
Of tbe latter city gave excellent facilities
for testing tbe milling qualities of
tbe various wheats with which experl nit
were made. All tbe variety
testa were not made at Sr. Antbouy
Part. however. A large number of
axpertaenrs were made at tb4 MAttU
It Spalding term. In the northwestern
yurt of the State, near Warren, in the
fa mo uc Red Hirer Valley; at Gljndon,
In the southeastern part of the Red
Klret Valley; at the Northwest Expertaant
Farm, near Grooluton. Minn., and
at the Northeast Experiment Farm,
aaar Grand Rapflda, Minn. Extensive
taats made at tla North Dakota 8tntlaa
vara alao talkeo Into consideration
Hul V I
Kj v- nangmnHnm f ? |MHXjW?i
rXJOTSP TXBS9 TlJtl> TP TO PHOTZOT
L to drawing concmslous. The average
P rosults of tests made at all these wlde[
]jr separately points cannot help but be
comprehensive and conclusive.
The variety tests were begun In 1888.
gad have been patiently continued until
the present time. Nearly 200 varieties
or samples were secured in the be?
ginning from Minnesota and various
* other States, as well as from Ruxsia.
Pwmi ? an*! nthpr KnmiWHn rouutrlM
And from Canada.
The method of making the Odd tests
fa Interesting. The land at the univerBtty
farm la divided Into plots eltcbt
rods long and one rod wide. A shoe
Itrlll a half rod wide Is used, so that
% cae round will plant a plot. After one
variety la planted the aeeder is cleaued
fcy hand, and thea every remaining
I seed blowu oat -with a bellow* and
I robber tube. An alley two feet wide h
1 left between the plots of (rain. Ai
^ (wheat la nearly alwaya self fertilised
Sr there la little cross breeding of varte
B gH, After the grain beada out, tlx
K (lota of newly secured varieties an
gone over. and all plants not of that
variety an? removed.
The different varieties are planted
in the order of thi?ir ripening season,
beginning at one side of the field. The
earliest variety can thns be cat first,
and each succeeding plot as it rlpt?ns.
The binder is carefully cleaned after
each plot, and the varieties are marked
by placing a stake beside each shock.
The aeparator used in thrashing is eoni
structed so that it will clean itself
thoroughly when run a few minutes
after the feed is stopped.
To further guard against the admixI
ture of varieties, the first half bushel of
j a variety is placed in a largt> sack, and
A PLANTING MACHINE.
tbQQ a half bushel is caught and placed
in a small sack and saved for seed.
The remainder Is placed in a large
. "" !'? .- ?-y^v> 1 ?ao i n.<
sav&? XUtr * UUIUjr Ul llic IO i ?.??**-**
Id a germiuatlng chamber. In which
the temperature is asjow as that of
the noil at sowing time. Where necessary
the seed is treated for smut.
' Many of the Russian wheats were
found to be hadly mixed, although
they were samples of the best varieties
grown In that great wheat country.
Some contain from two to four distinct
In 1807 the 200 original varieties bad
been so closely culled out that only
eight of the best were still retained
for further testing In order to still
further decide among these, small
amounts of each kind were made into
flour and were subjected to careful
tests, known among milling experts as
the "color test," "gluten test" and the
"baker's sponge test"
The gluten test Is made by mixing
? Ultm ntia AftnAQ a# ffnttt* fldi)
nam w HUUI uuc uuuw uv?i
then kneading It into dough, rthicb .
is held under a stream of water and ,
pulled and worked until the starch has t
all been washed out. The wet gluten j
is weighed and then dried and weighed (
again. In order to ascertain its moisture (
holding power. It is stretched into
long threads and the ductility is noted. |
Lastly It la moulded into a round hail ,
and laid upon a card. The better the ,
flour the better the gluten hall will ,
retain its shape. The poorer the gluten ,
the more It will flatteu out and spread ,
over the card.
In the baker's sponge test the volume
and time of rising of the dough are
- > rtl..tnn Rnlton'a Ulna
l*uiru. UIUICU ????u wva?vu o wiuc j
Stem produced sixty time* Its volume ,
of loaf, while Illo Grande only pro- ,
duced fifty times Its bulk of bread. |
though It contains one per cent more |
gluten than the Blue Stem. (
In 1800 the work of improving wheat
by selecting the best individual plants
was begun. In 1802 400 kernels of
. each of -.lght varieties were planted
singly in hills twelve by eighteen
inches, and the best plants were selected
from each variety. In 1808
1200 of the largest hard kernels of
Bolton's Blue Stem were selected and
planted by baud, four inches apart
each wny. As the grain approached
maturity the poorest stalks were removed.
Successive culliugs reduced
the number of stalks to seventy-tlve.
Thwu? were rarefullv saved and used
for succeeding trials. Other varieties
were tested In a similar manner.
Another method of Improving Is that
of hybridising or cross polleuating.
The grain Is planted with a machine
which places each two kernels four
inches apart. One hundred seeds are
planted in a plot, which is called a
Cross fertilizing, or polleuating by
hand, is an interesting and delicate
operation. The best stalks are selected,
and when the flowering period ap
no. . WB?
I ZING BY HAND.
I proaches the upper and lower splkelets
i are removed, leaving six or eight on
i each head. The anthers are withdrawn
, with sharp-pointed tweezers to prevent
Kii-ienuoiuoD. lonen grains irom
? another plant are placed upon the atlft
ma and the bead wrapped In tissue
paper to exclude polleu from other
The hybrids produced in this way
generally show a great variation in
type. A cross lietween Blue Stem and
Fife produce*! over a dozen different
varieties. In thin way ninny new varieties
have been origins!tod. though few
are equal In value to the parent plants.
Comparatively few trap crosses are obtained,
and only four to twenty-flve
per cent, of the experiments in artificial
fertilization are successful.?New
Bird PmtMtloa NM'd la Egypt.
Dr. W. I tines, in the Journal of the
Khedivia! Agricultural SoHety mils
attention to the marked diminution
which has taken place in the numbers
of the more common specks of birds
met with in the neighborhood of Cairo.
The rockdove. It Is admitted, does an
appreciable amount of damage to agricultural
product*, but the majority of
birds, and especially the birds of prey.
are ocncui'im. m mc iii.ti*uuiutu
group the diminution In numbers Is
very noticeable. Quite as strloua is
the almost total extermination of the
cattle-egre^ which a few years ago
tvlis common on wet lands or might
be seen following the plow in search
of mole-crickets and larvae. "This
bird was ho common in th?? past and
Jld so much good that many travelers
R :i 1
THE PRESIDENT'S C
confounded it with (he sacred lbl* of
indent times. Although its nesu is
Door, this bird has not escapnl sojailed
sportsmen, who kill It simply
For the sake of killing."
If the birds are not speedily rehabll* ,
itated resort to other and expensive
means of destroying deleterious In- |
MK-ts will be necessary. The writer
urges the authorities to take such
jtepa for bird protection as may seem
most suitable without loss of time.
For Shooting PoImmmxI Arrows.
Indians who use poisoned arrows do
not trust alone to the venom with
which they anoint their darts. In adlition.
they often apply poison to the
bow itself and utter certain spells over
it, with the idea that it would launch
ileath with the arrows it shot. The
head of one of these Indian bows for
Bhootlng poisoned arrows Is shown
above. It will be observed that rattlesnake
rattles form an hu|>ortant part
of its decorations.
The latest invention In the domain
of ceramics is the manufacture of violins
ami mandolins from porcelain. A
well-known manufacturer of the Meissen
ocarinas and pori-elaiu organs has
invented n process for the manufacture
of violins and mandolins from clay.
Some violins have already l>eeu o>nipleted,
and the Inventor has applied
for letters patent for the same in dif
Under tliIm process the violins are
cast. and every violin I* guaranteed
a success and to be unexcelled for producing
music. The latter quality constitute)!
precisely the ehief value of this
Invention. The porcelaiu Itody, it is
rlaimed, Ik letter able to produce sound
than a wooden one. since it co-operates ,
In the production of sound, malting the
notes soft and full.
Arretted For Not Going to Church.
To such an extent does religion prevail
at Gonoatoa, in the South Seas,
that every man. woman and child on
that island who does not go to church
at least tnrec Times a ?? ? ? uauie i?j
be arrested and fined, the fine going to
The mortgage Is alwajs looking for
somebody to fire it a lift
- - -. ??? - - -
t AN ODD OLD CflilR. i
J Used bj the Presidents of Harvard f
J For Manj Generations. f
ONE of the most Interesting
pieces of ancient Colonial
furniture in this country,
says the Boston Herald. Is the
chair used by the President of Harvard
University during the annual commencement
exercises in June. Aalde
from the fact that it is very old. the
chair has the distinction of being nlmost
the only one of its kind In America.
so far as collectors have been able
The President's chair, as It Is always
called, has been used by thirteen Presidents
of the college and university.
It is stoutly constructed of oak. In the
style known as "thrown." or turned,
and dates back to the sixteenth century.
so that It was alrendy something
of an "antique" when It was brought
over to this country by some early
Puritan or Pilgrim. Oliver Wendell
Holme* bag described Ik thus:
"Funny old choir with a seat like a
Sharp behind and broad front edgeOne
of the oldest of human things?
Turned all over with knobs and rings?
But heavy and wide, and deep and
for the worthies of the land."
CARRYING THE BABY.
Head and Spine Troubles Caused Where
Incorrect Ways Are Used.
Tbe Accompanying imggestlons and
Illustrations, for which we are indebted
to Leonard's Illustrated Medical
Journal, are worthy of attention:
BOW TO CABBY BABT.
"The child should always bo lifted
with both hands, held lightly, hut
firmly, the entire length of the hack
and the head being carefully supported.
One of the most common and
dangerous errors Is leaving the tack of
the head unsupported. When this Is
HOW NOT TO CABBT BABT.
done. the movements of the body of
the mother or nurse in walking, or.
indeed, the middeu lurching of the
baby itself, may seriously affect the
hea4 and spine."
Wblt* I'ruM en Luggage.
[.ondon Truth returns to Its charge
that on the (.'outlnent there exists a
system of marking luggage at hotels In
order to Indicate the owner's value
from the point of view of tips to ser
varus, ana quotes its correspondent ou
the Riviera ia explanation of the meth^,1.
..aA/l MA umall wIiUa i.m... I.
uufl utn.\i. i\ oumii tvuiiu viuno in
placcd on tbe luggage close to the hotel
label If the tips to servants ore unsatisfactory."
Truth's informant tested Its
effect when moving about by comparing
the behavior of hotel servant* when
be arrived with his luggage marked
this way and when be had wiped off
IE PRESIDENT'S JOURNEY
Itinerary of the Long Western Trip
Announced at Washington*
WHERE SPEECHES WILL BE MADE
Addresses la row Stat* Capital* Before
Visiting the St. LoaU Kxpocltloa?Will
8** Yellowstone Park and Graad Cann?_Th?
n> lit ill. r?.ii Irilt
Visit Tw?BtT*two Stales.
Washington. D. C.?All arrangements
for President Roosevelt's Western tour
have been completed, and the Itinerary
has been made public. The President
leaves Washington on Wednesday.
I April 1. at 0.03 a. m.. over the Pcnnsyl*
| vanla Railroad, accompanied by Secretary
Leeb. Assistant Secretary Barnes,
the Surgeon-General of the Navy and
three stenographers, railroad, officials,
newspaper correspondent* and others.
Chicago, the first stopping place,
reached on the morning of Anril 2.
At Minneapolis on April 4 the President
will be entertained at dinner at
the Minneapolis Clnb 'and afterward
will deliver an address at the Auditorium.
He will deliver an address at
Bismarck. N\ D., on April 6. at the
State Capitol. He will also deliver addresses
on April 28 at Des Moines and
Ou arriving in St. Louis on the evening
of April 25) the President and his
party will be escorted to Odeon Hall,
where a few minutes' visit will fce
made to the National and International
Good Roads Convention; thence to the
St Louis University, and later to the
St. Louis Club where the President and
party will be eutertained while In the
The following morning, at 10.30
o'clock, the President will review a parade.
and in tbe afternoon will attend
the dedication of the buildings of the
Louisiana Purchase Exposition. Later
the President and bis party will dine
at the Administration Building, and
will view a display of fireworks In tbe
At Kansak City on May 1 the President
will deliver an address at Conrention
Hall. At 2 p. m. be will be met
by a committer from Kansas City,
Kan., and escorted to that city, where
he will make a brief address. On bis
arrival at Toneka at 0 p. m. he will
take part in the exercises of laying the
cornerstone of the Y. M. C. A. building.
In California an interesting program
has been arranged. On Mav 7 the
party will remain at Redlands for three
hours. Governor Pardee will welcome
the President to the State at that point.
Two hours will be spent at Han Boron
nli no in the afternoon, and Riverside
will he reached at 0 p. m. The party
will proceed to Casa Blanca and take a
drive over the famous avenues and
through orange groves to the city. The
President will make a brief address.
After visiting Claremont and Pasadena
the party will go to Lo.i Angeles.
Santa Barbara and San Luis Obispo
will be visited the next day. At Santa
Barbara the President and party will
visit the old mission.
Sunday. May 10. will he passed quietly
at Hotel del Monte. Monterey. On
Monday a brief stop will be made at
Pajaro. and Santa Cruz will lie reached
at J).nr? a. m. The party will be taken
by special train to the Big Tree grore
where It will he entertained at an informal
luncheon by the citizens of
Santa Cruz. In the afternoon it will
arrive at San Jose, and will be taken
for a drive through th?* valley r.nd
foothill orchards. On Tuesday, the
12th, a visit of tlit-eA hours will lw> I
made to Stanford University, at Palo
Alto. At Burlintrame the narty will he
entertained at lunehenn by the Hon.
Henry T. Scott of San Francisco.
San Francisco will he reached at 2.15
| p. m. The President will remain here
j until midnight of the 14th. He will
I visit the University of California, at
Berk-Mfv. and will nlso tro to Oakland.
On Friday. May 15. the President and
party w'll reach Raymond. Cal.. at 8 a.
m.. and the next four days will be
soent In resting and vlewlnc the beauties
of Yosemite Valley and the bis:
At Portland. Ore., on May 21. the
President will take part In the laying
of the cornerstone of the Lewis and
At Olympia. Was!?.. on May 22. the
President will attend the 'ayintr of the
cornerstone of the Masonle Temple.
The President will make addresses at
Walla Walla. Spokane. Helena and
Boise City. At Salt Lake City the
President will speak in Ihe Tabernacle
ivnd take luncbcon with Senator
Oil the morning of May .TO the PreMdrnt
and his party will stop at Laramie.
He expects to take a horseback
ride from Laramie to fheyenne. On
I reaching Chevenne after his ride the
President will deliver a Memorial Day
address to the \-eteran? who will bo
| assembled there.
| Lincoln. III., will lie reached on tlio
morning of .Tnrio 4. and a stop of ton
minutes will Ih? mado. Four hour*
will be spent at Springfield. Here the
program will inolude a drive to Lincoln's
Tomb, an informal luncheon
for the party at th*? executive mansion
by Governor Yates and an address
by tlv* President either In or :id|oinln*r
the Slate Capitol. Decatur. III., will
be the last nlaeo visited by the President
on his Western four.
T'non leaving Decntur th<? return trip
to Washington will be made quietly,
only stopping for necessarr railroad
requirements. The President will
roach Washington at 7.0."? p. m. on June
5. The time occupied on the trip will
bo ?lxty-six days. The distance traveled
will ho about 14.000 allies,
through twenty-two State*.
President Roosevelt has made the
following appointments: William A.
Ruldee. of Wisconsin, now ConsulCe-eral
at Havana, to he f'nnstil-fJenprnl
at Vienna: Frank Steinhnrt. of
Illinois, to he Consul-general at Havana:
Denn R. Wood, of Now York,
formerly Vice-Consul at Madrid, to be
Consul at Ceibu, Honduras.
Baalnaaa Failures Tor m Week.
Business failures during the week
numbered 220 in the I'nlted Slates und
twenty-two in Canada.
A. Simons' Major Mansir won the
New Louisiana Stakes, four miles, at
V?.w Oploand mmi tmrlf
|Ur 41VW V. %??? tww
Columbia and Princeton will not meet
on the gridiron this season owing to
failure to agree on n suitable date.
JU. X. Pillsbury finished third la the
international chess tournament at
Monie tnnu. larrascu nan i?>- wilier.
The Canadian Auocintion of Amateur
Oanmen want a permanent course
laid ont at tbe old Welland Canal, St.
CUBAN TREATY ADOPTED
Island Senate Approves Measure Unhampered
by Any Conditions
PrMUnt RooMTtlt rromliM la Cafl u
Kitra Seuion of Conpeu to IUk?
Uw CoilMtlM EfltCtlf*.
Havana. Cuba.?The treaty of reel
procity between Cuba and the United J
States aa amended by the Senate of
the United States was approved In
the Cuban Senate by a vote of .
twelve to nine. This approval in ab- '
solute, and Is not hampered by any ,
condition*, the questionable time limit i
amendment having been dispensed '
with through the receipt of the cable
message from Secretary Hay in which
It was positively declared that President
Itoosevelt would call a special sea- i
sion of Congress prior to December 1. j
The parport of this assurance wa?
transmitted to the Senate by President |
Paltna, and read at the beginning of ;
the session, an understanding having :
been reached previously with Senators
Bustamente. Capote and Dolx. com- ;
posing the majority of the Foreign Re- j
latlons Committee, that the objectionable
condition in the report be elimln- j
ated. This was done by the offering \
of amendments by other Administration
Senators substituting the uncondi- ,
tlonal adoption of the amendments to
the treaty by the American Senate for j
tht> Qualified accentance contained in
the original report.*
Final action was delayed for a long j
time by the discussion of an amend- ;
mcnt offered by Senator* Sangullly.
Tamayo and Recio. requiring the j
House to pass upon the treaty.
The amendment requiring the House
to pass on the treaty wag defeated by
a vote of five to fifteen.
An amendment to or a substitute
for the committee's majority report
was then offered by Senators Frias, !
Monteagudo and Betancourt. This ap- ;
proved and ratified all the amend* ,
ments of the Senate at Washington,
and recommended that the Cuban Ex*
ecutlve take action conducive to ob- i
tainlng effective reciprocity as soon as
possible. To this substitute report was
added the following:
"This recommendation must not be
taken as an amendment to or a modifi* |
cation of the treaty."
The vote was taken separately on ,
each section of the substitute report
The vote on the unconditional ratlflca* j
tlon of the treaty was 12 to 9; on the
recommendation to the Executive it .
was 11 to 9.
The present session of the Senate t
than /Hiuimxl Ttirt will
I (UCU UUJVUft H?\l, AUV ? ? >??V?.. ?w .. ?? |
| b<? exchanged by cable. .
EXTRA SKSDIOX OF COJfflBIU.
- ? I
Mrittrj Bay SitI Cabaaa Auu aneS '
That tki President Weald Call One. I
Washington, D. C.?Intelligence of
the ratification at Havana of the
Cuban treaty as amended by the
United State* Senate was received
here. The action of the Cuban Senate
In thus accepting the treaty without :
any amendment simplified matters, and
insured the exchange of ratification
in this city before Tuesday, March 31. :
Article XI. of the treaty provided that
the ratifications should be exchanged
at Washington as soon as could be be* ;
fore March 31.
Secretary Hay. when apprised of the
action of the Cuban Senate, expressed
his gratification. Secretary Hay added
that in bis message to Minister Squiers
I he gave the positive assurance that the
President would call an extra sesalon
of Congress in the fall. The time waa
not Ktated, but the Secretary said that
Congress would be convened sufficient- j
ly in advance of the regular session 1
to assure Its action on the treaty as re*
quired by the Senate amendments be- ,
fore December 31.
DEWEY EXPLAINS INTERVIEW.
No Intention of Reflecting on German i
Emperor or Nifjr.
Washington, D. C.?At the instance
of the President. Admiral Dewey called
at the White Housi; and made a full
explanation of the recent newspaper in- ,
terview in which the Admiral was '
quoted as saying that the Caribbean
Sea maneuvres were "an object lesson
to the Kaiser, more than to any other ,
person." The Admiral assured the
President that he had no intention of
reflecting on Germany, her Emperor, or
her Navy, and that while the statements
credited to him were substau-'
tially what he said, he neglected to
caution the interviewer against quoting
At the close of the interview the Ad- '
miral returned immediately to hia
Kiiode lsiana nrenuo uouic. up u<rclined
to make any statement for publication.
At the White House It was
said that the Admiral's explanation
was satisfactory to the President. It is
not believed that further official notice
will be taken of the incident.
The cabled reports state that the
comments of the (terman press upon
Admiral Dewey's reflections upon the
German Navy are very bitter. The
Cerman Foreign Officials say they do j
not believe that a diplomatic incident
will result from the interview.
CANADIAN BEEF BARRED.
British W*r OSce Inauta Upon Enfliik ,
or Irlfth Grown Meat Tor tb? Army. ;
Toronto, Ont.?A cable from London |
says Mr. Brodrick's statement in tho
House of Comiuous iu reply to Alfred
Dnvies shows that the War Office still ;
excludes Canadian beef from army |
contracts. The beef must l>e English
or Irish grown, not frozen or chilled, '
and not from animals killed at Dept* J
' ??'! ?? ?l.niflinm ivltliin loll il.1V.ll of '
arrival from abroad.
Mr. Brodrick added In typical Waf j
Office phras??olo;ry. that there "would !
not appear anything required to make j
the terms of the contract clearer."
Clark Ualv* rally to Oct It* SJ.OOO.OOn
Judge William T. Forbes, of the
Probate Court at Worcester. Maw.,
handed down a decree in the petitlou
in etjully filed by the exerutors of the
will of Jonas (J. Clark relating to liequests
to Clark Unlversitj-. As a result
nearly $'.5,000,000 will be paid over
to iht> trustees ?f the unlvernlty if there
is no appeal from the decree within
llang*<l For m Triple Mardcr.
For triple murder A. L. Heldlng hat
been hanged at Portland, Oregon.
Abe Slopaky Acqukttcd.
After deliberating over four houra
the jury in the case of Abe Slupsky,
charged with murder in the second degree,
brought in a verdict of not guilty
In Judce Douglas' court at St. I.ouin.
Mo. Slupsky shot and killed Charles
Plnkard on April liO. 11)00.
Dies at tli?> Age of 101.
Dr. John P. Wood, of Coffeyv 11 le,
Kan., died at the age of 101 years and
two montba. nr. Wood was a practic.
tag physician for seventy-five yearn,
aad was the flmt Probate Judge of
Douglas County. Kausar.
THE GREAT DESTROYER
SOME STARTLING FACTS ABOUT
THE VICE OF INTEMPERANCE.
A Brilliant E.licorlal Tram tha If aw Tor*
AmaHcaa on tha Rabjad of Modtnte
Oriaklac-Alrohol Hladm PI?H?
?Ba 8oclahla Bat Km* labff.
The sot ia the product of over-drinkiag;
and againat auch drinking thia paper ha*
ever lifted iU voice aa atrenuoualy u it
If men will drink, let them drink ia
moderation. The whiekv habit ia an evil,
hut it ia Tint an murk nf an ?wi1 >k*n in.
dulgcd in moderately as when it is carried
About the logic of the nropoaitioft there
ia no .'oora for dispute. So one will think
of questioning it.
Excessive drinking t* a bad thing.
But what about the so-called moderate
drinking? That it doe* one a great deal of
harm to drink to excess no one denies, but
how about the other question: "Does it
do one no harm to drink in moderation?"
Take France for an answer. The French
people are not drunkarda. You might travel
all day in France without finding
drunken man. The *ot is a rare phenomenon
ia France. And yet for continuous
respectable alcoholiam, the screwing-up of
nerve* and heating of blood, day and night,
year in and year out, Franee goes ahead of
all other couatrie*.
And what has this habit done for Franee
?France, where drunkards are almost unknown,
where a sot is a living curiosity,
where icarceiy any one drinks to excess,
but where nearly every one drinks moderatelv?
Tne answer is given in three words?tuberculosis,
On* nf tlm vnsMfr rlief inmii e\f livifltf
Frenchmen. M. Melureur, Director of tb?
Department of Charities of Paris, ia responsible
for the Above statement, which
he has had printed in larm type on placard*
that are posted up all about tha gay
It u a fact worth thinking about.
Frenchmen and Americana are made oat
of the same material, and are aubject to
the same physical lawa, and if it ia a fact,
as M. Menureur claims it ia, that moderate
drinking haa scattered far and wide in
France the seeds of consumption, epilepsy
and insanity, it is fair to presume that it
will do the same in this country if given a
This is a good place to notice the argument,
made by certain people, that moderate
drinking aids digestion.
Does it? The active element in the process
known as digestion ia pepsin. Now, if
a small quantity of gastric juice is put into ,
a bottle, and alcohol is added to it, the
pepsin settles to the bottom of the bottle ia
the r.hape of a 6ne, white powder.
This ia precisely what happens in the
stomach when one takes alcoholic liquor.
Alcohol neutralizes the effect of the pepsin
in the gastric juices, and as a result the
food ia improperly digested.
There is another way in which alcohol,
hinder* digestion. *r
If you will take the white of an egx and
pour a little alcohol upon it. yop will no
tice that the o? JwaTia to harden,
iiiiii trerc being coo! ;<ed. Something jm
similar to this take* place when alcohol u
taken into the stomacn. It hardttU the in*
coating of the stomach?in other word*,
paralyze* the thousand* of little arms that
are tupposed to take hold of the food and
digest it. "y
Upon this matter of drink a* an aid t?
digestion Sir Henry Thompson. the mat*
est authority in the world on the snbjeet,
say* that alcohol, so far from aiding dilution,
only obstruct* and retards it, and
that the only safe rale U to abstain from
Sir Henry's book, "Diet in Relation to
Age and Activity," is one that every one
It is sometimes claimed that the use of
whisky promotes sociability and makes men
congenial one to another.
We hear this said very often. But did
you ever stop Inns enough to uk vnursclf
this question: ''What sort of good-fellow*
ship is it that either cannot or will not
show itself until it has been given a glass
After you have got that sort of sociability,
is it worth very much to you? What a
shady compliment it is to your friends and
.voaraeH to sav that you cannot sit down
together and be sociable u-ithout first addling
your brain* with drink.
Can t you be sociable and be sober at th?
same time? I? the sociability in the glass
of whisky, or u it in the iientimenta of
But the reply may come. '"The whisky
stimulates our mind* and helps ua to bright
thought*. After a gla*s or two we can
think like lightning and talk like a hotue
Yea. But about what doea the whiakjr
help you to th?nk and talk?
It la a very important question. Quality
counts for something in this world, especially
when we come to the matter of
thought and it* expression.
A dozen words spoken out of a clear
7>rain upon a noble theme are worth a
thousand'thrown off in the heat of drink
upon chcap or commonplace matters.
Whisky never nut a great thought into a
cheap man's head, and whisky never
helped a great man to a thought that be
might not just as well have arrived at
without the whisky.
That whisky innkes men talk ther.* is no
doubt. But. besides being "cheap" talk,
especially the talk that is induced by
drink, is oftentimes not only humiliating
but dangerous in it* consequences.
Many a murder has leaped, red-handed
and terrible, out of the talk that came
from the "whisky bottle. ^ ,
And it i< innri" than nroliablc that manf
who shall read thin editorial will be able to
recall tim?? in their live* when they would
have (riven anything in tiie world not to
have talked so much at a certain time and
place while they were under the influence
Tliey did not mean it?God knows they
did not?hut they naid it, Mid it in conseSience
of the fact that they had addled
eir brain* by drink, and the mischief
Upon the whole, then, it i* best to keep
one'a head clear and cool. And in order to
do that it is necessary to let whisky alone.
If you do not trouble it. it will not
trouble you. Rut if von set mixed up with
it, the chance* are that before the mixing
is over it will throw yon and throw you
bard.?Editorial in the' New York American.
Against Treal Inc.
A new league, to be known as tlw AnH?
Treating League, lias been started in Dublin,
Ireland, bv i"?me member* of the Roman
Catholic priesthood. The members
wear a small bulge, and at their initiation
th?v promise an long as they wear the
l>adge and are member* never to invite
into a public house any one for the purnose
of treating them. The league i? niaking
rap'd stride* among the
can* arc feeling the effects o^BMGBnFjHHHfKK
The CraM?l? In
.1*1 if Uil Vllf I f illH' III I
India is directly traccs^MH|H^g^QB^^H
There are 809t) womr
have been convicted
iikeiy 10 the ? ^HgnH9R^H^9BMw|KH
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