Newspaper Page Text
I The Press and Banner
S3 |3F"Publl8hed every Wednesday at 12 a
ear In advanoe.
SJ^^Wednesday, May 27, 1903.
In the program of the MtCannel School for
Thursday and Friday of this week as published
last week, the names of the following essayists
were unintentionally onimitted:
. Miss Bessie Morrah?"America's Conflict
I with Spain.
Mlos Pearle Sutherland?"Music"
These young ladles deserve to rank with the
best in their class. Forrest Stllwell,
Wanted (o Sell.
Wanted to sell at a bargain a good flour and
grist mill, a good location and doing a good
business, run by a 40 borse power engine. .
A ginning ouUlt, SO saw gin. feeder and condencer,
Boss power press, 4-horse power engine,
shaftings, pulleys, bells, etc.
250 Acres of land 1 1-4 miles from Due West
on the road to Donalds. A good farm and
Du^ West, S. C.
v The Keotiickliin'n BohnI. c
Keitucklans boast tbelr fast horses, fine s
whiskey and beautiful women, but everv t
housekeeper In this Pity who uses "Clifton" (.
i flour, made of native Keutuckey wbeat,
knows tbat this great State possesses another c
product of unexcelled merit. L. T. & T. M. ti
After Lh (irlppe. '
Ltst a worse thing befall, rebuild the cod- ^
turned tlisues and renew the supply oi red
blood corpusoles with tbe quickest digested
and most nutritious floor made?"Clifton."
It Is tbe product of native Kentucky wheat.
L. T. &T. M. Miller.
A Towel Iu Addition.
There Is no use going to tbe dry goods storf
to h?iy your towels when you can gel a good
60 iDCh towel by buying a 48 lb. sack of "Clifton"
flour. Wnen you buy "Clifton" you not
OLly get tbe best Sour made, but get the
towel In addition. L. T. & T. M. Miller.
All lots and premises will be Inspected
from time to time from now on. A full use
of lime la recommended.
i / City Clerk.
The dwelling bonne of Mr. Foster Searlg ht,
near Due West, was burnt last Monday
Dr. Q. G. Green, of Woodbury, New Jersey.
' Sole Manufacturer of Green's August Flower
and Bosebee's German Syrup, whose advertisement
appears In our paper regulaaly, will
end to any ODe mailing a two cent stamp to
pay postage, one of bis Dew German Syrup
and Angust Flower Puzzles, made or wood '
and glass. It amunes and perplexes young
and old. Although very difficult, it can be
v mastered. Mention this paper.
DfL F. W.Phifek. graduate of the Unlver- '
ally of Baltimore. Maryland, who has been C
practlolng medicine In Abbeville for about a t
year, will take his departure today for his
native town, 8talesville N. C., where he will 8
practice his profession in the future. Dorluti
the Doctor's stay in Abbeville he has bad a c
good practice, where be has made mauy ?
friends. Because of his good stand In the 1
i commonliy our people are sorry to see him 1
go away. Good lock to him. t
Pbes. George B. Cromer, L. L. D., of New- y
1 berry College, will deliver an address to the
students ot Mt. Carmel Graded School on u
, Thursday nlgbt, 28 Inst. Everybody is In- r
vlted to bear blm. No obarges. j
Josh BllllDgs says# that a family with J
nothing but pedigree, generally lacks sense. *
And advises against marrying pedigree, un 1
leu It la backed by bank notes. r
Shoe Sale? 50 pr. ladies button shoes and a
llDpera brokeD lots, former price 31.20 to u
$150. Now on bargain counter 75c. at Had- ?
j ^ don'a. '
10 pr. ladies fine button shoes, broken lots- *
Former price 8250on bargain counter 81 00 at b
' Haddon's. v
Rev. J. W. Elkins, of Donalds,-will preach jj
at tbe Methodist Church Sunday morning j
W.?and' night. Q
Rev. M. McGee will preach at Boulah on ^
tbe 5tb Sunday. k
Rev. Mr. Fennel will preach at Hopewell at p
11 o'clock, a. m. Also at Mt. Carmel In tbe s
air. Jimi ittgsurt is iu lue cuy spouuiug n
white with ble mother.
Wanted?Two or three boarders. Applj *'
to W. A. Templeton. c
'i Mrs. R. S. Galloway Is In Augusta. b
J , . 9
Hnddou'K LochIh. o
Silk gloves and silk mllta white and black. t
All ?lze? at Haddons. V
Wblte goods. Paris lawn, wash organdies, (
Peiilan lawo. embroidery and laces to trim c
name at Haddan's.
Velvet ribbons?all widths at Haddon's.
Towels?50 doz. towels, the largest and best '
towel on tbe market for 10 cents at Haddon's a
The new Jane patterns In full variety at a
A fnll supply of fashion sheets for June at a
Now la tbe time to subscribe for tbe June ?
Does It Pay to Buy Cheap ? t
A cheap remedy forcouebBand colds in all 8
right, bat you want something that will re- J
lleve and care tbe more severe and dangerous ^
results ol throBt and lung troubles. Wbai ,
shall you do? Go to a warmer and more reg- J
alar climate? Yes, If possible; If not possible t
lor you, then In either case take tbe only c
remedy that bas been Introduced In all civilized
ooDntrlea with success In severe throat 11
and long troubles, "Boscbee's German Syrup." (j
It not only heals and stimulates tbe tissues to L
destroy the germ disease, but allays Jnflumatloii,
causes easy expectoration, gives a good 1
night's rest, and cures the patient. Try one f
bottle. Recommended many years by all u
druggists in tbe world. You can get this re- ,
liable remedy at Speed's Drug store.
t3lenn m LocrIn. c
Nfrd Corn?Yon can And the Golden e
l)ent. White Dent, SnowHake and Stowells,
Evergreen at Glenn's.
Bean Seed?Now Is the time to plant. '
You will find all seeds at Glenn's fresh and f
pure. Valentine, Wax. Greenpod, Ky. Won- ?
der, tbe great pole bean, also pole and dwarf
Limit butter beans. 1
Pearl Millet?Good to cut green for your 8
oow. Seed at Glenn's. ]
?.;bieken Food?Mixed grain and crushed \
corn for young cblcks. And it at Glenn's. ?
Smoking tobacco, cigars and plrg tobacco (
at retail and wholesale by -P. B. Speed, tbe
,'is! bhd drU" 1H 1
LOOKING OVER THE GROUND (
carefully we have come to the eonclu- J
siou ? uuu uur uuoiuujfrs uuve aisu
decided?that our blend of
is superior to anything sold elsewhere.
The berry is carefully selected from
choice grades of new crops and roasted
by tbe most approved process.
None of tbe fine aroma is lest.
This cofl'ee is strong, pure and delicious.
L T. & T. M. Miller.
If you expect to paint any tbln spring It
trill nav vuuto mb me before vou buv Your
5>uInt, anything from the cheapest to" the 8
Oest at Speeds'Drug Store. i
Our soda fountain Ik running Id full blast, I
With two competent soda men at the helm,
we oati please and cool the most fastidious
Yours to plaaae, C. A. Mlitord, The Druggist.
I. . I. . . ...
t- ^ ^
' Look T1
^ There are many thing's
customers il* he only sto
^ possible to take some art
^ paper and otter it to those
a. These special goods are in
(are worth the price at \vh
it would be easier to ere;
^ profit to make them move
(iloes Down to Jericho,
Jerusalem, March 9, 1908.
At last oil my journey I have reachid
the Holy City. It is certainly the
lirtiest, dustiest, filthiest place 1 ever
aw. JBeggars, some lame, some tieormed.
and many bliud, are begging
?n every corner, and especially at the
loorsof the churches, moMjues, and
md in the Jews' wailing place. The
sitv outside the walls is new, mod
>rn aud tolerably clean, but wheu
,'ou enter the gate you fiud all tilth
ind dirt, rags and beggars.
By carriage I visited Bethlehem,
vhereyou tiud the church of the Naivity
built over the birthplace of
Christ. Three sects have churches
juder this roof aud soldiers are staioued
there all the time to keep them
rom fighting. This little village has
everal shops and small factories
vhere souvenirs of mother of pearl
md olive wood are manufactured to
>e sold to tourists, and the work is
rery good considering the looks of
be workmen. Caravans of camels
ind the patient donkey with his
leavy load are ever present.
The mosque of Omar, which was
milt in the 5th century bysConstanine,
on the site of the temple of tsoliiuoq
and afterwards the temple of
ierod (these temples have all but a
ew fouudation stones been destroyed)
vere located on tne Bummit or
tfount Moriah and in tbe center under
ho dome is the rock upon which
Abraham prepared to sacrifice Isaac.
The rock is still here about 30 feet in
liameter surface measure. Under
hese temples and now under the
nosque of Omar is Solomon's stables
vbere thousands of arches support
he buildings, and the court above
hese stables is hewu out of the rock
md arched up for strength.
On the way to Bethlehem is passed
oany sights of interest, one of which
s Rachel's tomb. The Jews Wailing
^ace is of great interest. As I visitd
it on Friday hundreds of Jews
yere there wailing for the downfall
f the Temple and praying for its
estoration and the return of the Jews
o this city (but I would adviHe all
ews la America to stay there.) Tbe
llouut of Olives, the pools and quaries
of Solomon, the Hill of Zion and
ud Garden of Gethsemaue are of
reat interest, but I would advise my
riends who have great respect for
Jible history and reverence for the
ioly place to stay at home rather than
' ? ? 1
lBlt Jerusalem, wueu uuc luuno ai
be rocky, barren soil, the poverty and
istress, the half clad wonderer aud
be poor, over-worked camel aud douey,
he is bound to say Moses was a
oor judge of a couutry to pick on
uch a place as this for a promised
1 am stopping at a French monasery
outside the Jafla gate. It is very
lean aud they are very kind. The
ed is fairly good but the floors are
lone, the walls stone, the ceiling
tone, no tires anywhere; in fact no
ue here ever has a fire. There is nobing
to burn. You are fed on bread,
yell cooked, honey and horse meat
well done,) goat's milk and black
oftee, but when you tramp through
he city (no streets are wide euough
admit of a carriage) or ride a donkey
round the country you can eat with
good relish what is set before you
,nd ask no questions. I would not
dvise young people to come here to
peud their honeymoon. You would
ire of it soon.
I left the ship at Joppa, or Jaffa as
t is now called. This city is older
ban Noah's flood and the country
round raises the fiuest oranges,
tmous, dates and olives I ever saw,
tut after you cross the mountains of
udea and get up here it is cold aud
>ut little more than a desert. Jn
lompany with Dr. Cotter, of Califoriia,
I spent one day visiting the leper
[Uarters and hospital. At the German
Leper Hospital there are 51 paients,
many with their hands aud
eet gone, some blind, some minus ears
iud noses, and Bome confined to their
teds. I took photographs of most of
hem end have a nice collection of
tictures of this ancient aud dreaded
lisease. This hospital can only be:
intered by order of the German con-]
nl. This was obtained thrc^igh Mr.
Jlark, the American vice-consul who
urnished us with a guide and cariage.
After we got through there we
ook donkeys and visited the leper
ettlemeut outside the city walls.
:Iere we saw over 30 of the worst
vretches on earth living in mud and
itone houses wiih dust lloors, no winlows,
in dirt and filth, almost starvng.
They could go 10 tbe hospital
jut their religeou (Mohammedan)
eaches ihetn thut if Alia desires them
,o suffer they must do it and not com>lain.
On Saturday at qood I took car iage
for Jericho, the Jordan and Dead
sea. Jericho has about 350 population
iviug mostly in mud huts and tenls.
rhe Sheck or head man, took us to
lis lodge where we saw the sorrow
lance as the cholera killed 30 of their
lumber recently. In fact the quaran,iue
was only raised three days before
A-e were there. We went dowu by
he road traveled by the Good Satuarian
when we found the traveler bleedug
and robbed by the wayside. An
nn now stands on the same spot
ivhere the inn of old stood. I
itopped there and got a cup of black
We passed the brook where Elija
,vas fed by the ravens, not birds but a
ribe of Arabs that dwelt there at
hat time. So the miracle goes to
After spending the night at an inn
n Jericho called the Gilgal, we visited
he mountain where Christ was tempt;d
and by Satan was shown all the
vorld and was offered it if he would
all down and worship him. The
nountain overlooks the valley of the
tordan from the Dead Sea about 20
niles north and the desert beyond the
iver. The whole thing would be
iigh at 30 ceuts for it is only a barren
vaste. I then drove to the Dead Seii
ind afterward to the sacred spot by
he Jordan where the waters parted
md let Israel's host cross. They
ould have built a bridge in a couple
>fdays as it isn't over 40 feet wide
md not deep, a small, muddy stream.
Vt this spot is where the Saviour was
M any other historic spots- were
*-^rr' , . .II?
hem Up. J
a merchant can otter his *
ps to think. It would be
itie for each issue ol* the ^
who wanted that specialty, a
every establishment. They i
icli tliey were marked, but i
ite interest by cutting the ^
nn the return. This was a I
drive of GO miles through rain andl
mud, over mouutains and through
The flowers of Palistine are beautij
ful. The lily of the field is the nicest
i wild flower that grows; but not a
jbird, rabbit, mouse, snake or any
'living creature is seen (nothing but
After my return to the Holy City I
. spent one-half day In the church of
the Holy .Sepulchre. This covers
the ground where Christ was crucified
and buried, also the grave of Adam,
the center of the earth, and many
other holy places.
The church is large, many stories
high, has several domes, aud caves
uuder it. Four sects own it and soldiers
are stationed here also to keep
them from fighting. Only last year
three men were killed here in a free
for all to settle the question as to who
I 1 ? f t/v omAort if Ail f TllO
ilttU a Hj;ub IU o vr ccji; iu vuvi auv
ulchre;of the Virgiu Mary, ibe tomb
of Absalom, the pools of Siloarh and
Jove and many other places were
vi9ited, but I have neither time nor
space to describe them.
I have tried to give you a short
sketch of lower Palistine, uot as seen
by one prejudiced in any way, but
just as it is. The city has about
50,000 inhabitants, of all nations,
colors and creeds and a hard lot they
are. Will mail, this from Cario,
Egypt, as there has uot been a mail
here for over three weeks and Turkish
postal laws are very queer, as only a
part of the mail Bent out ever reaches
its destination. The time must come
when Turkey will be blotted from the
? mu? Cl.iltovt Koo nrr\1> o HunflTTlft
LUa[i. 1 lie ouilau naa ^u> t.
and dyamite mixed iu his fertile
brain and will not allow any electric
lights in the kingdom for fe: r they
will blow him up. A primitive railroad
connects Joppa and Jerusalem.
The engines are built by the Baldwin
people of Philadelphia.
On the way from Smyrna to Joppa
I stopped at Bayrout one day. The
American college here is a credit to
any country. We also made a halt at
Mount Carmel. I am glad to leave
here. I now "go down into Egypt."
Dr. G. W. Allaman.
To the People bf Abbeville Connty.
We call special attention to all readers
of this paper that we have found
the remedy at last. It is a recent
Discovery for all Nervous Diseases,
Rheumatism, Dyspepsia, Sour Stomache,
Heartburn, Distress after eating,
Costivene^s, Liver Complaint, Backache,
all Kidney and Bladder troubles, i
^'A?v.nloJr?Jo nr ontr
J'A'zeum. reuiuic ^uuipiaiuv.i, ? ,
disease arising from Impure Blood,
Our New Discovery is the name of
this wonderful medicine. ,
We give an absolute guarantee with ;
each bottle, aud if you are not benefit- .
ed after taking one bottle, please till
out the guarantee slip and mail to
us and we will gladly refund the '
Price you Paid. We offer $1.00 re- '
ward to any person or persons show- <
ling where we have failed to comply
with the terms of this guarantee. ,
For t-ale by all Druggists, price $1.00
per bottle. If your druggist can not j
supply it, we will deliver it to you '
upon receipt of price.
Our New Discovery Med. Co. 1
Laprens, S. C. 1
If you are a millionaire i
there is no special reason 1
why you should secure any
of our Drummers' Samples, ;
because money is no object 1
to you. But if you would (
like to have a little more
money than you now have
there is absolutely no reason ,
why you should not save 33
cents on every dollar's worth
of goods you buy in the line 1
of our Samples. ,
A. M. Smith & Co. 1
The vast majority of us drink water 1
simply because we are impelled to do i
so by the seuse of thirst, without considering
its necessity iu the maiuten- ,
ance of health. Yet all thoughtful (
medical men must agree with the ,
well-known dietician, who says that .
"drinking not enough water is the
greatest ami most common of dietetic 1
errors." To fully understand why 1
the omission of a liberal amount of i
drinking water is so grave a crime
against the laws of health we must ]
understand what water cau do in the j
prevention of disease; aud to realize ?
this fully we must know the function '.
of drinking water in health.
A most scien'ific and discriminat- 1
itig professor in physiology asked his
advanced class the chief use of water
to (he body, and he was well satisiied
with the simple and practical unswer, t
"to wash the body out." The "iu-'t
ternal bath'* is far more esseutial to'j
health than the "external bath," just,,
as much more important as the in- :
terual organs are to" it than the skin,'
and it must be obvious that for cleaus- 1
inir these organs, pure, clean water is 11
There is a perpetual water famine
in most human systems, a condition
of things to which Is accorded the,1
responsibility of the sad fact that the |
delicate flower of human youth and' (
beauty so soon fadeaway. The most1 ,
amateurish gnrdeuer needs no lessons':
on the value of water for the welfare
of his plants, but few indeed are the j1
keepers of the priceless blossoms of I
human life who realize the necessity j
for the same delicious draughts of j
supporting vitality. Women iu particular
abhor the simple glass of water, I
sipping tea, cupful after cupful, doting ?
upon their breakfast coll'ee, but of a
water quailing not a drop for days, |
even in summer; preferring the 1
sutrary pleasures of the soda counter to, *
offering their scorched throats a swallow
of refreshing wate^< | V
WbvpayScfor a "hum" cigar when you
can get the Ctnco for,Yhe name price, nothing
like It for the HRint; money. Kale? three to
nix thouxand ever^moiith con' *ollod here by .)
I'. B. Speed. / ? M, i r
. a aa> . vrvv.-r.rr.-. ?r,Try.,
VALUE OF GOOD ROADS.
Effect of IliBhwuy, Improremcnt In <
The Importance of good roads and
their value to each district having
them have long been advocated, but ;
not until recent years has the public
been awakened to their full significance.
After all, it was not by argument
that the public was convinced,
but from necessity in the beginning
and then by example. The state of
New Jersey is wedged in between New
York and Pennsylvania, with one of
the great cities of the country on Its
eastern borders and the second largest
city on its western borders. Its farmers
are mainly engaged in raising truck
for the millions of people living In
those two cities. To do this thousands 1
of them drive to each city daily with a
load of truck, starting in the morning !
anywhere from 12 to 4 o'clock to get to
the markets early enough for the hucksters.
"Jersey mnd," a clay loam, Is proverbial
for its stickiness and disagree
able nature to travel tlirougb wlien
wet, says the Putnam (Conn.) Patriot.
The Jersey farmer knows the value of
a dollar and is opposed to taxes, but he
could reckon the difference between
what he lost daily by reason of bad
roads and the tax he would have to
pay for building a smooth rock road.
That having been worked out, one good
road was built, and those near it got to
market regularly and easily, rain or
shine, saving enough each trip to pay
the road tax. "Seeing is believing,"
and farmers in other parts became con- :
vlnced of their economy, and the example
was followed, slowly at first, but
gradually going on more rapidly.
Last year 100 miles of new roads
were built in that state at a cost of
about $300,000. This year the demand
for them is so great that the state will,
the coming year, venture to put $,1,000,
000 into 200 miles of macadam. The
state commissioner of public roads declares
that this movement has increased
the taxable property of the
state by $27,000,000. Just think of
BAY STATE ROADS.
Some Facta About the Highways of
It costs on an average $9,000 per
mile to build a state road in Massachusetts,
says the Boston Globe, but
the actual cost depends on locality and
conditions, hardly two cases being
alike. One-fourth of the cost of a
state road is borne by the county In
which it is situated, the balance being
contributed by the state.
The work of the highway commission
has developed a number of nign class
professional roadbuilders. Many of
the younger and more ambitious have
entered the employ of the national government
in Cuba, Porto Rico and the
Philippines in the same line of work. J
Most of the state roads are of broken
Btone. but a few are of gravel. The
type of road built Is determined by the 1
engineer, who makes careful examlna- 1
tion of soils, drainage, gravel, stone,
grades and traffic.
The thickness of stone on state roads 1
varies from four to sixteen inches, the i
lesser being placed over good gravel or ]
Band, the greater over heavy clay. The <
broken stone used on state roads passes <
through half Inch, inch and a half and 1
two and a half inch screens. The lar- gest
size Is placed on the bottom, the
second size on top of this and the ]
crown is made with half inch material, j
Ail are rolled separately and thor- ]
The cost of trap rock for roadbuild
lug vanes rrom $i.iu per ton 10 ?x.w
per ton. The state owns seventeen
steam rollers, which are employed In
state roadbullding. The standard
width of stone roadways In Massachusetts
built by the commission is fifteen
feet There are some only ten and
twelve feet wide, but they are not
leemed economical to maintain.
When a state road is constructed. It
remains Under the control of the state
highway commission. The local authorities
are taxed an amount not to
exceed $50 per mile for maintenance.
FOR BETTER ROADS.
Men of Wealth Interested In Highway
Men of wealth are evincing a practical
Interest in road improvement for
the benefit of their fellow men. George
Gould has offered to bear one-third of
the entire cost of the improvement of
the public highways In the vicinity of
Lakewood, N. J., and Colonel J. J. Astor
has spent large sums on the roads
near Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
Recently Harley T. Proctor, a Bummer
resident of YVilliamstown, Mass.,
offered to give the town $10,000 for
the improvement of the roads, providing
the latter raises $50,000 for the
3ame purpose. Mr. Proctor makes the
?ift because he believes that better
roads would iucrease the popularity of .
Williamstown as a summer resort He ,
recently had the stone hill road put .
in excellent condition at a cost of $500. (
Ihe town furnished the drainage pipes .
md permitted Mr. Proctor to use the j
.uau cui jpu.
The Secret of a Good Road.
A hard surface, well rounded so that
:he water will run off quickly. Is the
secret of a good road. Attention after
i road Is once permanently built is imperative
so that the washed out places
ind depressions where water stands j
nay be repaired. A little timely work i
ivill keep a road in good shape.
Civilization and Good Roada.
There Is perhaps no better test of
:he life of a civilization than that to
ae found In the extent and character
)f Its public highways. The degree of ,
perfection of country roads corresponds
ilosoly to the degree of civilization
?*hore the roads are situated. 1
Remember always that, you mynt
;ive some thought, and a considerable r
.mount of it, too, to the care of your lealth
if vou exDeet to be of anv use H
ii the world or comfort to anybody.
>Vhat you are to try to acquire above
lII else is repose, and the calm power
requently iacking in the sons aud
laughters of the nineteenth century.
You will be compelled to have a hoe, goto .
. R. Glenn and examine the larcest aHHort- '
nent of Scovtl and Uoose neck hoes to be
ound in Abbeville. 1:
: v '-v
* '' ' /
-V.V-" ..viv.w.tri;.!, fri>' rr, rr-r"?rrrVi-^'rirrrrsaaa
BURDEN OF BAD ROADS. n
(Tut Expense They Annually Place
on the Farmer. Oi
In a country as large as tbat In
which we live, with the greater part of gc
Its producing regions widely separated
from the markets which they serve, P'
the matter of transportation is one of b)
vast importance, writes Hon. Martin
Dodge in Forum. This applies partlcu- ki
larly to our agricultural products; for, c?
while a great portion botli of our man- h,
ufactured output and of our farm
growth must be moved long distances ai
by rail or water before reaching a mar- llJ
ket, practically all of the latter must Bt
tUSU UC uauoyuiitu iui ui icoo u<
distances over the public highways, jjj.
The question of marketing these agrl- Bt
cultural products, amounting in the p<
United States to $1,000,000,000 annual- Kfl
ly, on terms that the dealer can'afford h
to pay and the grower to accept, often JjM,
reduces itself to a question of cheap p<
and quick delivery; In other words, to
a question of economical transporta- a
As far as the railways and steamship ^
lines are concerned, this problem has )C
been dealt with very intelligently and
satisfactorily. Skill and money have
been applied without stint to the provision
of enlarged means of convey- -
ance, Improved ways and increased
power. These influences, under the
stress of strong competition, have re- t<
duced long distance freight rates to a
reasonable level. t
There is one phase of this transportation
problem, however, which has ap- 0(
proached no satisfactory solution. That lB
is the matter of wagon road haul. As ^
has already been said, while the great- w
er part of our farm products travels by e)
steamship, canal or railway for a por- d<
tion of the Journey to market, virtually ra
all of them are conveyed for some dis- 01
tance over the public, highways. It is la
unfortunate that this is often the most
expensive part of their journey. It has
been shown by mathematical demonstration
that It costs more to move a
bushel of wheat or a ton of hay ten
miles over the average country roads
of the United States than to transport
the same burden 500 miles by railway
or 2,000 miles by steamship. It has
happened many times in different parts
of the country that farmers have let
croDs so to waste because the cost of
hauling them to the nearest market or
railway shipping point over wretched
and 111 kept roads amounted to more
than could be realized for th*m afterward;
whereas, If good roads on which
heavy loads could be hauled had been
at hand, the same crops could have
been marketed at a small profit to the
producer, while the economic gain resulting
from their application to useful
purposes would have been very consid
HIGHWAYS OF EUROPE.
Prance Leads In Syatem of Building
Two hundred years ago England had
the worst roads in the world because d
the peasantry living on the roads alone (;
were required to work them, Bays the
American Asphalt Journal. In speakIng
of them Macaulpy says "that a ,p
route connecting two great towns which
howo a lnriro nnrt flnnrlshine trade with e'
each other should be maintained at the
cost of the rural population scattered b
between them is manifestly unjust It
was not until many toll bars had been
violently pulled do>wn, until the troops
had in many instances been forced.to
act against the people and until much
blood had been shed that a good system
Every class now contributes to the
maintenance of the road system in Eng- P
land. The French have probably the
most efficient laws and regulations in J
the world for the building and repair- jj
lug of highways. The minister of pub- tc
He works has the general superintend- m
snce of all roads and ways by land and 3.
by water. There are four classes of D
road recognised by law?namely, (1) Q
national, (2) departmental, (3) military, pi
[4) crossroads. National roads are built 18
md kept up by the national treasury. Q
Departmental roads are a charge upon
the departments through which they
?ass, and part of the military roads are m
iept up by the government and part ^
ay the departments through which the E
The crossroads are kept up by the Q
communes, though sometimes In thinly Cl
populated regions these communes revive
assistance from the government
specially when these roads become of
The national roads are paved like a _
jtreet having an average width of 52%
teet. The departmental roads are 50
feet wide, and the military and crossroads
are of variable width. Piles of Jbroken
stone are placed at convenient
llstances, and a man Is constantly em- I
jloyed In repairing each section- ti,
Concerning Side Dltclhes. In
When the road, is In an excavation, ?
?reat care should be taken that a side D
litch is provided on each side to carry A
may the water so that it shall not run p!
lown the middle of the road, as is fre- ?
juently the case. Every road should
lave side ditches, even one that runs
jtralght down the side of a hllL The
iteepest road needs the side ditch most, ed
jut often has none. Frequently the u
ivater runs down the, middle of the gi
:oad on a side hill and wears It Into
jullles, which are a discomfort and U
perhaps dangerous in both wet weather
ind dry. The water must not be suffered
to run In the road, but must be m
&ade to run off the road. "h
Cities and Roads. J
One of the speakers at the good J
oads congress at Buffalo maintained ,
iat If the tide of migration to our
:ltles Is to be turned it will have to b?
lone by means of roads that make easy
:ommunlcatlon with the surrounding
rountry. In that light the good road*
luestlon takes on a new aspect. j
Teachers' Examination. re
I "'UK KEGULAK EXAMINATION FOR U>
white and colored teachern will beheld
t Abbevl lie Court House, Friday, May 22nd,
30;>. Beginning at nine o'clock a. m
F. C. DuPRE, 8e
Co. Supt. of Ed.
May 5. 1WK. tf B(l
Found at last? Where? At Glenns. What
8 It. The bent lot of farming ImnlementH V
ver brought to Abbeville. ' j
If you need a genulDe Victor Sweep oall od.
. R. OleoD. ai
If you have to tine a Terrell Scrape see J
i. (Jlenn before you buy.
'. < * ; - ; , '
gagMMft _ /ii.rirr '.rrrr-Tr m.., ..w? r? rr
li. tt', Wklte'it Locnla.
Our trade in embroideries has been phenomlal.
We- bad tbe largest stock of tbem we
rer had to begin with, and yet we received
jo large additional shipment* last week,
ur nrlcf's are tbe lowest ever known for
iese goods. Come and see them.
L. W. White's immense stock of white
>ods Is still holding out. He still offers the
iclcest things to be had In white madras, Ina
linens, waist linens, organdie*, batistes,
ques, nainsooks, cambrics, <kc., die.
Black voile oontlnues to be the leading
ack goods of the season. Since L. W. White
rst received his spring stock be has sent lorard
five different orders for black voile. He
eeps In Rtock two different grades, one at 50
mis a yard and another at $1.00 a yard.
I' ynu want cheap goods you will surely
id them at L. W. White's. Those white
wns more than a yanj wide at ft cents a yard
tnnot be matched anywhere. We have sold
ready more than fifteen hundred yard*) of
L. W. White always carries an Immense
ock of cotton goods. His prices are as cheap
5w as they were when cotton was five and
x cents a pound. HU stock of unbleached
teetlnes, bleaobed long oloths, full wldtfa
leetlngs, bed tickings,glnuhams, prints and
creates was never larger than at present.
Hamilton Brown Company shoes areo"ly
nd In the city of Xbbevlile by L. W. White,
e has a good slock of them now. Shoes for
dies and gentlemen, misses, bo\s and chll
en. This make of shoes Is not excelled In
)lnt of style, comfort and durability.
Tfty 1 \17 \W hltn'a 111
X I J AJ, TV* TfUIICO lunoicu wuiiccatiu CCUIO
pound. It in a bargain.
State of South Carolina,
COUNTY OF ABBEVILLK.
ly the County Board of Education
08. H.Tolbert, J. Blyth Allston and L. J.
Britt, Trustees of School District No. 14 :
T APPEARING TO THftSATISFACTION
' tbe County Board of Edueatlon tbat tbe
we whereby an election may beheld fortbe
iirpose of repealing a special tax of two
illls in District No. 14. bad been complied
Itb, it is therefore ordered tbat you bold an
eel Ion at tbe u?ual voting place on the 18th
ly of June, 1903, for tbe purpose of deterunlntr
whether tbe said tax shall be repealed
r not. Tbat y.ou give the notice required by
,w before holding said election.
FRANK C. DuPRE,
R. F. GILLIAM, /
J. FRASER LYON,
County Board of Education.
May 26, 1903.
innot be greater than our ability to
Jl tbem. We make many varieties of
aily besides many sorts of delicious
akes, Pies and Pastry.
All our efforts are directed toward
roducing things of superior quality,
bat is tbe point in wbicb we work to
Those who know say our bread is
J. W. Breihahn,
, D. K'ugh against G. W. Syfan, Executor of
G. W. Syfan, Sr.?Execution.
VIRTUE OF AN EXECUTION TO ME
rected,lo tbe above staled case, I will sell
i tbe highest bidder, at Public Auction, wltb
i tbe legal hours of sale, at Abbeville C. H.,
C., on MONDAY, the 1st day of June, A.
., 1003, all tbe right, title and Interest of
. W. Syfan, Sr., In the following described
operty to-wlt: All that tract of land, conInlng
ne Hundred and Thirty and OneQuarter
(130 1-4) Acres,
ore or less, and bounded by lands of Dr. J.
'. W. Marshall, G. A. VUanska, Nelson
vans and Estate of Samuel McGowan,
Levied on and to be sold as tbe property of
. W. Syfan, Sr., to satisfy tbe aforesaid Exeitlon
C. J. LYON,
Sheriff Abbeville County.
May 11 lb, 1908.
H. Wrenn against J. Altheus Johnson ?
5Y VIRTUE OK AN EXECUTIONTO MB
rected, In tbe above stated cose, I will sell
tbe highest bidder, at Public Auction, withthe
legal hours of sale, at Abbeville C. H.,
C., on MONDAY, the 1st day of June, A.
1903, all tbe right, title and Interest of J.
ltheus Johnson, Id tbe following described
operty, to wit:
ighteen and Two-Thirds (18 2-3)
ore or less, In tbe town of Due West, boundI
by IaDds of William Hood, A. D. Kennedy,
. P. McGee, Robt. S. Galloway, Barbara B.
rler and others. Also,
ne Hundred and Thirty-Five
ore or less, located In Calhoun Mill Townlp,
and bounded by lands of J. W. Morrab,
iseph Brlltand others.
Levied on and to be sold as the property of
Altheus Johnson to satlBfy the aforesaid
cecutlon and coats.
C. J. LYON,
Sheriff Abbeville County.
May 11th, 11)03.
1*. B. Speed has anything you want In the
le of drug", stationery perfumery to!let
tides and confectionary. Hie prices will
it the size of your pocket book.
l'he best evidence of the merit of the Clnco
Kiir Is that everybody smokes it and every
liilier wants to sell It. We sell from three
five thousand every month. P. U. Speed
You can always get, fresh candy from P. 11
Just received the tiuest lot of pp. at ever
en In Abbeville, at Mllford's Drugstore.
II JUU WUUb LUUUUCU Ujr lUC U(U ?L > UUICle
prices go to P. B. Speed?The tobacco
Try our Egg Phosphates. Slilford'a Drug
/e are tbe Deople for line soap of every
ad. Mllford'8 Drug Store.
Unheard of bargains In ladles shirt waists
id skirts. They are the latest styles?DrumI6'H'
Samples?and dirt cheap?A. M. Smith
7ia"ai iyn?-n"^';7^mrrTrfi -vt sa
DOES A BABY PAY!
'A V*iher'* Tletr of tbe EtitrlM Ifofe
on tke Family Ledger.
Does a 2-year-old baby pay for itself up
to the time it reaches that interesting
I o ci T A:mi. T
age: aunieuuie* x luiu& uuu x mvuguk
bo yesterday when my own baby slipped
into my study and "scrubbed" the carpet
and his best white dress with my bottle
of ink. He was playing in the coal hod
ten minutes after a clean dress was put '
on bim, and later in the day he pasted 50
cents' worth of postage Btamps on the' <'
j ' ir wall and poured a dollar's worth
01 the choicest white rose perfumery out
of the window "to see it wain."
Then he dug out the center of a nicely
baked loaf of cake and was found in the
middle, of the diniAg room table with the
sugar bowl between his legs and moat of
the contents In his stomach. - j.
He has already cost $100 In doctor's
bills, and I feel that I am right in attributing
my few gray hairs to the misery I
endured walking the floor with him at
night during the first ye r of his life.
What hns he ever done to pay m for
that? " " " -M
Ah! I hear his little feet pattering
along out in the ball I hear his little
ripple of laughter because he has escaped
from his mother and has found bis way
up to my study at a forbidden hour. But
the door is closed. The worthless little
vagabond can't get in, and I won't open
it for him. No, I won't I can't be disturbed
when I'm writing. He can just
cry if he wants to. I won't be bothered
for? "Eat, tat, tat," go his dimpled ?
knuckles on the door. I sit in silence.
"Rat, tat, tat."
I tit perfectly still. - 1 > *}
No reply. >
"Peeze, papa." ,
Grim silence. '.
"Baby turn in?peeie, papa."
He shall not come in. r * v
"My papa." >
"Papa," says the little voice; "I tab my
papa. Peeze let baby In."
I am not qnite a brute, and I throw . i't
open the door. In he comes with outstretched
little arms, with shining eyes,
with laughing face. I catch him up into
my arms, and his warm, soft, little arms
go around my neck, the not very dean littie
cheek is laid close to mine, the baby
voicp says sweetly:
"I tab my papa."
Does he pay?
Well, I guess he does! He has cost ne
many anxious days and nights. He lias ; 'A
cost me time and money add care tind
self sacrifice. He may cost me pain und
sorrow. He has cost much.. Bnt he has
paid for it all again and again in whispering
those three little words into my , -/
cars, "I tab papa."
Our children pay when their very first ' ' ;S
feeble little cries fill our hearts with th(
mother love and the father love that
ought never to fail among all earthly pasoUna
Do our children pay??J. H. D. in De- v'|
troit Free Press.
' THE SPEED OF BIRDS.
It la No* Nearly So Great u.Hu Been y .
If you consult the usually accepted authorities
on the speed of birds in their
flight, you are likely to be misled by an
exaggeration of from 100 to 300 per cent.
This is because figures have been given
on hearsay, appearance and very superfl- 1
cial observation. But recently American,
English and French observers have been
comparing notes and aTe practically ;&8
agreed, after most careful calculation,
on the Bpeed of the best known birds.
They started with the carrier pigeon rA
and have made him a base-of comptrison.
He has heretofore been credited
with 110 miles an hoar, but it is now '
agreed that be is entitled to 50. A qulte
recent long distance, carefully conducted
test of 592 miles, from the Shetland islands
to London, showed that the most
!J miila H7 ml Ion an honr.
rapiu pij,cuuo luuuu w
On shorter distances none made more
than 50 miles.
Because frigate birds have been seen
Car from land and have been supposed
not to fly by night or to rest on the water
they have been credited with a speed of
from 150 to 200 miles an hour. If they'
did fly at that speed, they would have to
overcome an atmospheric pressure of from
112 to 130 pounds to the square
foot of flying surface. There is no cer*
tainty that they fly more rapidly than a
passenger pigeon or that they do not fly ,
at night or do not sleep on the water. J?
The swallow, that is indeed a rapid
flier, has been credited with 180 miles - ?3
an hour, but he must be cut down to 65
miles, and the marten is five miles behind
him, though authorities have placed him <,.53
ten miles ahead.
The teal duck 1b brought down from
140 to 50 miles an hour. The mallard is ^
five miles slower ana Dies uie nuue u u?
canvasback, while both of these are fire ' )
mUcs ao hour ahead of the wild goose and
eider duck. * ':1&M
The pheasant makes 88 miles an hour,
which is three miles ahead of the prairie
chicken and quail, though the latter ap- ?
pedrs to fly much faster on account of
his temporary burst of speed that seldom
exceeds 200 feet The crow flies 25 miles
an hour. 4 ,
Small birds appear to fly more rapidly
than the large ones and hare deceived
many observers. The humming bird doe*
not fly as fast as many awkward appear-, . 'J,
lug, very much larger, slow flopping
birds.?Chicago Times-Herald. 1
Proud Father. ' '
A member of the New York Yacht'
club was proudly boasting to an old 'r>
friend he had not seen In 15 years of the
merits dl bis children. "Henry, as you '.
may possibly have heard, is at Harvard.!
As yet he has done nothing for the fam- \ i
Uy. Archbold is at the Leland Stanford
university. I wanted to bring up my,
? ^aoaIWA "honA
sons as iar upmi uo tiusmmc, ?w- (
lessiy different and varying dream-,
stances. Of coarse Archbold has not aa , '$
yet done anything for the family, Har-!
riet is married to young , and, well, I
I really can't say that she has done any- j
thing for the family. The youngest child'
is Virginia, who is just becoming useful." <
"Indeed? And what does Miss Ylr-I
ginia do?" ? ^9
"She has just reached the age and
stature when, she can wear her mother's
old clothes. Captain, will you accoxnpa-J
ny me to our grillroom?"?New York.
Well Posted. ,
Mrs. Greene?That was a fine article ^
our husband wrote about "The Smoke i
Nuisance." Mr. Greene says it is the;
best thing that has appeared oo the sub-!
Mrs. Gray?Yes? I suppose it ought j
to be. My husband smoked no less than ' -: 'V;
* ? -1 ? ? xklU nrrlfin* It?. Rnutnl I
lea u^aib ttm??? ?
Transcript. ... !
We can furnish the ladles with muslin underwear
oheaper than they can buy the cloth . ~y
and make them. But we do not ask them to
take our word for it. as the (roods and prices
do the talking. A. M. Smith & Co. 4
Our sample neckwear and hosiery are the
greatest bargains you ever saw, and it will
give us great pieasifre to show and price
them. A. M. Smith & Co. f
Toilet sets, mauioure sets, vases, leather a
?- ?? j u ? * ?#n/,./*'o hfner 1
koouh, auu uuo uuiugne. aw iumuiua
Fresh candy every week at MUford's Drug
Stry. ' tsk
Call on L.T. & T. M. Miller for your en
rent*, ralHlnfc and citron. 1
Old mountain Huck Wheat Just arrived. W?
alio h*ve the self ralHlcg buck ? I
L. X. <fc T. M. Miller. |
. . ? . v;