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T he Abbeville Press and Banner. |
^ BY HUGH WILSON. ABBEVILLE, S. C., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1903. ESTABLISHED 1844 ]M
What matter, though enshrined in plainest
If a pure gem within that casket llfk !
fWhat matter, though a faco is plain and
If a pure soul is shi Jing from theeyes? '
We never give a thought unto the casket,
If but the gem within Is pure and fair:
never gaze as critics on the features
Of those we love, if the true heart is there.
We grieve not though the ge?n has plainest
If hut the llle with dfpflwor love hdihiuu ,
(W? cure not for the lading earthly beauty,
If but Mod's linage In the heart Is found.
^ ? Klleu Ling.
TARE ON COTTON.
^ Home Tilings the Farmer Oiitcht l<>
Tare on cotton Is an Important Item for
consideration by producers. It presents a
distinct Item of charge on every bale of cotton
wnich is prepared for market, and in
order that we nrwy fully understand Just what
this tare 1?, and how to reduce ita. co?t to the
minimum of expense, it Is well at this time
to go Into the details of the subject somewhat.
Oo all products that have to be baled,
boxed or barreled for market there are three
Items which have to be considered by the)
buyer In pricing such articles, and thoae are
the gross welgbt Including the covering, the
tare which is the weight of the covering and
the net weight, less the covering.
In all products except cuituu wooc
Items figure In the account sales rendered,
but with cotton tbe price made to tbe producer
Is appareutly based on the gross weight
of the bale no matter whether the covering I*
20 pounds on one bale and 80 pounds on the
other. The tare Is nothing more nor less
than the difference between the gross and
aet weight of an article, hence the bagging
and ties on a bale of cotton represents the
tare, and its weight must be deducted from
the gross ?lght of the bale In order to determine
and arrive at tbe net weight of tbe
lint. The same Is true of a wago-load of
' ootton seed. The wagon loaded Is first weighed,
and then weighed again after being un,
loaded, the difference giving the net weight
of tbi seed, and the weight of tbe wagon
bel the tare. The tare or covering of an
article is always furnished free by the seller
and is never paid for by tbe buyer. It itk
? well that every farmer should fully underkA
stand this. The cotton buyer or spinner does
not pay for a single ouuoe of thi< bagging and
ties that cover our cotton any more than a
^ merchant would pay for tbetbox that eggs
are shipped to him In, or tbe crate that contains
chickens, pigs or auythlng else. If we
ship a merchant a crate of chickens and sell
them at 10 cents per pound, the merchant
would deduct the weight 01 me crmu m
settlement and pay only for the net weight
of the chickens. On the other hand, the
railroad would charge freight on the gross
weight of the crate and chickens comblned.
Ah to Cotton.
The method of handling our cotton Is different
from the rule applied to ull other products
on this subject and while It Is done on the
i hauls of a uniform weight, and that weight Is
f figured off In the price, making the deduction
of tare on cotton operate indirectly and not
openly as In the case of other articles.
Now the amount ot tare which has always
been allowed by spinners, or the amount in
weight lor bagging and ties which has been
uniformly deducted by them from the gross
weight of the bale has been 6 per cent. This
1b usually equivalent to 9 yards of two pound
bagging and six bands weighing two pound"
each. In other words, when a Dale ol cotton
reaches the spinner weighing gross 500
pounds, the spinner knocks off 30 pounds lot
covering, and pays the exporter lor 470 pounds
In all the account sales rendered to the
spinners by our exporters the tare of 3(1
pounds to each bale Is deducted and payment
is received for the^lfference.
If an exporter ships 50,000 pounds of cotton
that is, 100 bales each weighing 500 pounds, to
a manufacturer his account will read as
f "Too 100 bales middling ootton,
I lbs 50,00(i
Less tare, ti per cent 8,000
Leaving net lint 47,<XjO
And the spinner pays only for the net lint
Of 47,000 pounds, throwing the covering aside
as useless and of no value for spinning purposes.
Now the buyer knowing that he will
get nothing for the covering as a matter ol
course so arranges his prices as to make the
BSag^^ Joss fall upon the farmer who has to bear tne
burden ot putting the products into marketSfnw^Bable
nf&E^Hayjyblle the buyers apparently pay for the
EjfH^^^ba&glng and tires, as a matter ol fact, the
|Bb prrV^lbso arranged as to cover only tbe nei
value*of the lint, and eech farmer who puts
30 pouhds of bagging and ties on his cotton
looses the cost ot the bugging and ties. Those
who put on only six yards of bagging and
six ties, reducing the weight to 20 pounds,
* lose not only what tuey paid for the covering,
: but they give away ten pounds of lint Id
) each bale so covered. The deduction fo;
tare Is 30 pouod to each oOO pound bale, or 6
t percent of any weight bate, that Is, on a
t_i. nnnnHo thw lintlrtn fnv
uaio weifcuiut, -iw ? ? ? ?
tare would be 27 pounds, and on a COO pound
\ bale, 36 pounds. Farmers should therefore
pack their cotton Into bales weiguing 500
1 pounds gross as near as possible, and put on
->i 80 pounds of bagging and ties.
Cotton Bayer*' Xew Rale.
Last year the Southern Cotton Buyers' association
undertook to enforce a new rule
adopted by themselves to force farmers to
use only Blx yards of bagging and six ties,
bringing the weight of the covering down to
about 20 pounds per bale. They provided in
that ruling for a cnarge of 50 cents per bale on
all cotton that had more covering than prescribed
in their rule. I understand that similar
efforts will be made the coming season
to enforce the same ruling. Now, It is perfectly
clear to the buyers and to every other
man who has studied the situation that If 80
pounds of tare ib cbargea oy ioe spinners
against a 500 pouad bale of cotton, and the
farmer is Induced or forced by buyers to put
6 on only 20 .or 22 pounds, tbus falling short
elgbt or ten pounds of tbe tare deduoied, that
he loses tbe difference in lint, and any
W scheme which promulgates such a condition
f Of affairs is a olear case of cheating and
k swindling. Therefore, any cotton buyer,
ft wbo charges a farmer 50 cents for putting
0 more than 2) or pounds ot bagging auu
B ties on a 500 pound bale ol cotton Is guilty ol
SB ' cheating and swindling, aud can be prosecuKM
outed under the laws of the state. No farPP
mer should submit to such a rule, and those
who undertake to enforce it ought to be presented
to the grand Juries of the counties
where tbe transactions occur.
' When cotton bales have ouly C yards ot
bagging and six ties are bought and shipped
to the compress, and order goes with each
shlpmeu t to "patch," and tbe additional allowance
of elgbt and ten pounds of tare Is
patched on at the compress, and the buyers
make what thev h:ive robbed tbe farmer out
of, an amount quite sufficient to net 50 or CO
cents per bale. If tbe splnnors will agree
upon a straight deduction of ill or 22 pounds
per. bale as tare, then it would be right to
restrict the weight of covering to that
amoant, but so long as the tare stands as it
does at present every rarmer is lusuneu ju
putting nine yards of bagging and six ties on
each 500 pound bale, and no buyer has the
the legal right to demand that It be less.
One reason why the farmers are treated so
i badly by the public Is because they do not
post themselves and demand fair treatment.
Remember that we get nothing for our
bagging aud ties, and we always lose fust
what It cost when we put on every pound
that is deducted, or 6 percent of the gross
weight of the bale, and when we put on less
we lose as many pounds of lint as the difTerenoe
amonnts to between the actual weight
pot on and the total amount deducted. Until
we take a positive stand about this matter
the producers will anuually lose many thous
ands of dollars on that feature ol the cotton
crop. Hakrv Jordan.
Don't argue with a fool about religion.
Uon't discuss dancing with a vulgarian.
TVmM renpiw ? vultrar story. If you wouic
oomtrmnd the respect of yarboos who gutliiv
at the joke.
Don't aNHall the character or repeat a dara
aging insinuation against any woman. Tht
rule with gentlemen is not to repent sue!
Ik stories. and even it they ever heard them
Bn they affect Ignoranoe.
Doa't believe evil reports until verllled bj
Two bottles of Our New Discovery curei
SKB36 eczema when l'J bottles of other blood medl
oines failed. Write to Mr. s. L. Davis, Lau
wH rene, S. C? about It. Sold by C. A. Mllford.
o^Fine Glotong jfea* '
sion of the tailoring art
eral effect being chosei
put?dress, ' clerical or 1
The picture is inte
the new three button,
collar, and the latest p
fellows are wearing.
We Have Them at
A merchant tailor would charge
much style, and keep you waiting a
| We have other styles for other
in and let us talk it over.
This is On
Jt?as noz xcm
Although it is now mid-s
the time when business
pected to be quiet, all ha
kept busy at his establishment, ar
hours of the day you will find hi
filled with liberal buyers. The r<
this is not far to seek. His stock
allowed to run down, and even n
about as full and attractive as it 1
at any time during the year.
If vou wi&h to reaL
compare the pi
} Bmln LeahN. ir you do not believe
i . . . .. . , ? make others believe it,
Love lightens the heaviest load.
' The fool says, "I d
f i Hypocrisy Is the tribute evil pays to truth, says, "I believe." God
| Building castles in the air is better thau n/Hny younK men I
: Beveling in the mire. trying to~keep~a|. with
I A high Ideal unreached Is better thau a
! low success achieved. Thank goodness, the
1 1 form a trust and coatr
| Satan in always satisfied when he sees a
*: sinner "stand pat." Some men keep thur
the corners of their ey<
s - .
J WISE ,51
5 who buys his COLD WEATHER
m) SEPTEMBER. He has a larger
from,' and he gets longer wear for
flip. added satisfaction of bcin^ th
up-to-date apparel. It's the old
How much wiser then, is the
his September selection to
/- I At
A SCHLOSS-MADE SUIT i
The design, the materials, the honest woi
i with the specific view of adaptability to
nded to show the very latest favorite in F \l
double breasted cut, with square effect shot
eg-top trousers. This is the natty suit the
$10, 12.50, 15 a
you more and give you no better fit or
week or ten days, beside.
men, at other prices, tfeiore you ouy your
L, & ANDERSON,
>utfitter& to Particular People.
e of the Seasons W1
-fcxxrn wfin^ TJiill HT^-nnri
J .XJL JLXfcCV LAAA
ummer, All THAT is sti
is ex- Tv buyers, th
jids are about the
id at all been, although, big
s stores made in many lines
sason of bargains will be ofie
is never of August, and all ti
ow it is ty are cordially in
las been what we can do for
Ize how cheap Cotti
"ices of them with t
otton ruling now.
^onnnt Good humor 1r the best medicine, but some I
Ityouraun jrou canaoi people reject It because it is not wold on pre-!
oubt." The Christian , , , . ,
jjnoWH Men pinch and save to meet life In surance
premiums, and nevor give a thought to soul
lave gone to the bad insurance.
"good society. (Sometimes we wish we could be ?i? happy
nnvnr he able to nH th.e.b?yJUHt "Wrtlug on a visit to his
u\ baby laughter. (,'rHuuma H "OU8e
The mau. wlio is bo busy taking < ?iro ol hla
faoBH to the right, but money tl'.at bo has do time to e pjoy it dote
upon tbe shorlll. norvea no Byinputby.
_ & ANDERSON,
s to Particular People.
3BEVILLE, S. C.
-# mr w m ^ m ar a m. yr
! CLOTHING IN
assortment to select
the same price, with
e first to appear in
story of the ' 'early
man who confines
is a perfect expresrkmanship,
use it is to be
ilders, close clinging
best dressed young
quality, and not as
FALL SUIT drop
11 more interesting 1
e prices of Goods a]
i same as they ha\
advances have bee
. A great many goc
sred during the.monl
tie people of the Cou]
vited to call and s(
)12 Goods art
Don.t think because a man is taking
houh oh the harp that he doesn't expec
live much longer.
Occasionally when a man doesn't k
lust what to say his silence la mistaken
a superior brand or wisuorn.
When n rich man marries nyoungr wife
i expects ber to keep his memory green ]
J on ho Is the victim of a homemade gr
1 goods game.
J Occasionally women make fools of
but they aro not responnlble for all the 1
Fino rot of Second-Hand Plunk ShnttcrN,
Suitable for liariiM, Stable*
antl low Slifl(jN.
The great wooden shutters on the Court
House windows and the swinging Iron barR
that hold them, are no doubt torsale at a great
bargain to relic hunters or to persons desiring
to put ugly plank doors on their baroB, saw
mills or cow sheds. Considering the thirty
years of service, and tbe wear and tear Incident
to being opened and shui dally fortblrty
years, they are In good condition, and would
last for a time on a mule shed. Irrespective as
to contact with the heels of these valuable
It is Intended that the Court House of Abbeville
County shall keep pace with the progress
of tbe time, and for this reason the valuable
shutters may be removed from the hlngea on
which they have so long hung, aud that they
may henceforth protect cattle from the
weather, and keep them In doors.
The needless dally opening aud shutting of
mese Rtiuners snail no longer remind uh oi
the'fellow who wound his clock every night
for twenty years before be discovered that it
was an eight-day clock.
Away back in the Middle Ages, some people
imagined a wooden abutter made an office
burglar-proof, but since burglars can go
into great iron safes with about the aame ea?e
tb?tyou could break into a cigar box, faith in
w Kien shutters haB been somewhat shatter-'
Court Houae officials, from force of
hao. 11 cling to their old Job of opening
and closing their great plank abutters every
day. They fear robbers. Some of the offices,
we know, ought to be safely locked by one of
the most improved "time locks." We refer
particularly to the Supervisor's office, where
a lot of valuable irons are stored. The sort,
for Instance, that are broken off of the road
scrapes. If a less skilled burelar than an expert
could get into that office, a ton of old '
Iron might be sold next day to Mr. M. F.
Cromer, who has paid for scrap iron a price so
uiku t?o iu aiuiuai. luuuve lueiron iounaers 10
make him a shipment. If It were not for the
scrap lfon In the Supervisor's offioe, there can
be no doobt that al I the shutters that give the
Court House a barn-like appearance could be
thrown on the market. The shutters on the
Court House, however, are not quite as large,
and are not near so heavy as the doors on the
warehouse. It will beremembered tbatCapt.
Lyon was Supervisor for a long time and ' '
bis office In tbe Court House, where It is
slble that be Imbibed an Idea of tbe Importance
of the plank shutter. At any rate,
when he went to put up doors on the warehouse,
"hesaw the Court House shutters, and
went two better." Instead of one ply of
plank as in the case of the Court House shutters,
be made tbe doors of tbe warehouse
three ply, and then drove perhaps a few
thousand nails into them to bind them together
as a solid mass.
It is faii; to presume that tbe warehouse
manager would refuse to sell the door shutters
of that Institution, but we feel quite certain
that a deal could be made for tbe Court
House shutters. Intending purthasers ought
to apply early, as tbe,supply is limited. These
sniuterR are tbe only relics of the antedeluvlan
age hereabout. For further particulars,
apply to G. N. Nlcklee, Conn ty Supervisor.
We are still in position to
supply Shirts, Hats, Underwear,
Neckwear, Belts, &c., at New
York wholesale prices. It
will surely pay you to examine
A. M. Smith & Co.
TRACT OF LAND CONTAINING
known as the S. W. Cocbran place, situated
three miles north of Abbeville Court Honse
adjoining the Gordon and Noble lands.
For terms apply to
J. H. COCHRAN,
Greenville, S. C.
or C. M. Cocbran on place.
j. W. Mc
? Buy your Groceries, Dry C
? Kee. We carry a full line
~ of Crockery, Glassware an
? have a full line of Canr
Spices, Hams, Shoulders a
Candies and Crackers.
Fruits, Vegetables and P
anything in our line be su
= Yours to plea
J. W. M
j % THE J3EST MEDIC
\ AND THE BEST S
iiv Is none too good loi
i!c who is sick. We kt
if: buy, and keep 011 di
W best Prescription Cl<
W your Prescriptions o
WS Yours to plea:
t C. A. rilLFO
?, ?? ?-?
for two t
foot of ?
n9w n.? Xh,.v?iin-Willinma
~| Abbeville ]
' > ^CalflkiV 'Jhdi
!for your new Fall garments.
It is the only proper and sat- jja
isfactory way of buying your
clothes, being1 that ''GOOP
CLOTHES ARE ALWAYS if
MADE TO ORDER." Make
your selection from the tailoring
line of - -
Chicago, Est. 1877
Good tailora for over a quarter century
You'll find a world of pleasure
in wearing the clothes
made by Strauss Bros.,?
faultless in style, fit, finish J?
and materials. They're so
much better than the ordi- . jJ
nary run of clothes, yet
prices are astonishingly low,
and your perfectly safe in ordering,
because if garments
are not satisfactory, you
needn't take them. WE
WILL BE PLEASED TO fQtfg
SHOW YOU OUR GREAT
LINE OF SAMPLES? . :>.k>
CALL ON '
v~ v ^
RUBBER GOODS FOR HOUSEHOLD
carried in stock by us fill all the requirements
of the housekeeper, the
nurse and the physician. In design
and quality they are perfect. Many
improvements are found in all these
articles which increase their utility
convenience and durability.
We are showing a fine line of
HOT WATER BAGS, SYRINGES,
of the most approved style. ^
The prices will prove as attractive
as the quality.
P. B. SPEED'S.
:KEE, Jr. " J
roods and Shoes from Mcf.
We also have a nice line
id Lamps. In Groceries we
led Goods, Teas, Coffees,
nd Breakfast Bacon, Fine
We handle at all times
roduce. When in need of
,re to call and see us. " . v^JB
cKEE, JR." I
3//VH | M
r any man, woman or child jj|%
?ep tlio best that money will
nty all the time one of the JK
irks in the State. Bring us W
r tell your Doctor to do so. Mf
RD, The Druggist. \|jf
C. Phone 107. w
cent buys enough
:oats on one square
Paints Cvucr the Earth