Newspaper Page Text
The fierce fighting men of the Tu:
against the Macedonian revolutionists
thrown. The Turkish soldier is a fa
in the future life will be all the grea
Though it fits right into a mission
L -Scheme of furnishing, there is nothing
to prevent this mission bookrack from
being utilized in any room where a
, bookcase is suitable. If the room be
| -done in mission style the wood should
J of course be of the same sort as other
I pieces of furniture, the beautiful tea
[ brown being a general favorite. Such
k pieces may, however, be stained in
any color or to represent any wood.
This one is characteristic of mission
Hi = :^
THE n us I ON
pieces, being solid and well designed
generally. It may be used as it is
or it may be fitted with a rod and
hangings. All this must naturally be
governed by the rest of the room.
t Perpetual Light.
A small quantity of radium salts in
he Currie laboratory, where this wonderful
substance was discovered, was
sufficient to render the walls, the instruments,
the air, radio-active. That
is, the walls, the instruments, the air,
gave off radiations of their own merely
because radium was or had been
present. Imagine the gain to mankind
when n nrocess is evolved for
making those radiations luminous. Or-dinarily
gas or electric light would no
* longer be necessary. There would no
longer be dark corners in the world.
Everything that had felt the influence
of the radium would shine, and since
the energy of the salt is well-night
perpetual, there would never be any
need of renewing the lighting contract.
?Theodore Watlers, in the September
Oshkosh, the Menom
Was: Named a Prosix
Oshkosh was the name of a Menominee
chieftain who had been very
Hand who remained
death. His grand
BhsI ^^HRHH^Hp;^ .-Wi-t^Wi
son, Reginald Oshkosh, a graduate ol
B the Carlyle School of Indians, was
p present at the recent celebration of the
r fiftieth anniversary of the founding oJ
! . J*
ers of the Turkish j
JJ_rrTTT7. ?TT>AX-T,y T)PPI?FVT TH
'JL' _L JLJL 1~J a v* ...
rkish army who may be called on to def
i, or foreign invaders, as the case may be.
talist, and fights with an enthusiasm insj
ter for having died in defending the faith.
Guard For the Rings'
It so frequently happens that the
possession of a ring has some sentiment
attached to it that it is held by
its owner at a valuation much greater
than its intrinsic worth. On the other
BIKO GUARD. <
hand, rings very often represent the
investment of a great deal of money,
and in either event the owners are desirous
of enjoying the pleasures of
wearing the precious circlets without
the constant fear of them becoming
separated from them. For this purpose
the guard shown here has been
devised. It consists of a bracelet, to
the inner part of which is attached a
shield, and each of the rings on the
finger is fastened by a holder, which
will not permit the ring's removal,
either by accident or design. This
mechanism fits in the palm of the
hand and is not at all obtrusive.
Tirurrrni: dtttc y
WAS BORN "
L'Ulustration gives us the picture of s
the humble dwelling at Riese, where j
the new Pope first saw the light of t
A tumbler combination lock for postoffice
boxec has been inveute1 for those
prone to lose t^eir l:eys.
tinee Chief For Whom
srous Wisconsin City
j the town and delivered an address.
The semi-centennial celebration and
! the agitation that has resulted from
j it have brought into existence a moveI
ment to remove the bones of Chief
Oshkosh from the Kesliena Indian res- i
ervation, where they now lie, to the
city that bears his name, and above
them to erect a monument. i
' - r
m vv mm mmm m m. ft
end the Sultan and his government
form a bulwark not easily overtired
by his belief that his' reward
WHY DO PLANTS
HAVE THORNS ?
From an Article by Ferdinand
Faideau, in La Science Illustree,
Paris?Condensed and Translated
For Public Opinion.
The influence of the environment i
rery great in the formation of thorn:
so great, in fact, that we frequentl
Ind that a plant in one place ha
thorns and a few miles away is devoi
)f them. Observation and esperimei
ire in agreement in showing that thre
:auses are in operation here, namely
mpoverished soil, dryness of the a
mosphere, and intensity of light, eac
which Drovokes or accentuates th
condition under discussion. Iu thl
connection it is interesting to stat
that cultivation diminishes the nun
t>er of spinas and iu many instance
makes them disappear after seven
M. Lhotelier has shown by a Ion
series of experiments that thorn
slants when submitted to the actio
)f humidity tend to lose their spinei
'j r ' my . ,
" lit t
IJ : jfcj
:horns of eglantine, sloe-tkei
and gooseberry stems.
the reduction taking place in tw
ivays. In the case of spines whic
ire produced by modified leaves o
nodified stems, there is a tendency t
evert to the primitive type, while I
hose which originate iu stipules?a
>rgan unnecessary to the life of th
jlant?the spine diminishes ,and i
nnnv rns<?s nnmnlotp'v riisnnnenrs Th
jartial deprivation of light also pre
luces a more or less complete suppres
?lon of the thorns, as proved by man;
It thus appears that thorns are th
esult of insufficient nutrition, but thi
tnswer by no means exhausts the sut
ect, for the question arises, what i
he use of the thorns, and how d
hey benefit the plant? Grindo
:laimed that the thorns have no us
since they are found in a large nun:
>er of families different both as t
!orm and as to needs, but there ca
)e but little doubt that the thor:
s a means 01 proiecuon to uie pian
ind that its purpose is to inspire
icaltby respect in quadrupeds. Th
horn protects the creatures which cai
y it, and where the case be that of
ledgehog or thistle, beast or bird, i
illows its possessor to the more el
'ectually defend itself. To pluck
>ouquet of eglantines without tearin
he clothes or wounding the fingers i
in operation which requires consum
uate cleverness, and thus in nuinbei
ess instances from the sloe-tree to th
rnnsphf-rrv we see that nature lin
liade provision for these members o
aer family, so that they may defen
:he young leaves and tender buds s
lecessary to the continuance of tliei
A Hidden Portrait*
An important part is played by hit
len pictures in politics, particularl
n Frcnch politics. An example c
?ncli pictures is that shown above, th
)riirinal of which was sent to the Thi
ulelpliia llecord by Will Leigh, of 1/
iaska. Pa. The head of Napoleon i
'ormed by the leaves in the uppc
iprhthand corner of the bunch of vie
Statistics show that 29,470 bodie
vere cremated in France last year.
THE WHITE ANTS
OF SOUTH AFRICA
ADR.1EN LOIR, in La Nature,
HERE are found in. South
I ___ Africa a considerable nurnO
I O ber of insects belonging to
^ the termite family, but the
'WOW most remarkable are those
called white ants. Eecause of the
destruction which they cause these insects
are a real scourge to the country:
they live in myriads in subterranean
nests, and are one of the great*
est obstacles to every form of agriculture.
During the night these insects
perform their destructive work,
the greater part of the time being invisible
and moving under the shelter
of small tunnels which they construct
on their way as they move forward.
Not only do they attack vegetation of
all sorts, but they also invade houses
and even when the exterior of these
appears sound they aro often filled
with ants which destroy wood and
undermine masonry. Tue house may
appear intact, but some day it is discovered
that the building is really
about to fall into dust. Tne rapidity
with which the insects work may De
judged when it Is stated that a lawyer
of Bulawayo found after an absence of
a week that the insects had made occupancy
of his house impossible. Eight
days only had suffice for these do
stroyers to raise in tne chimney a nest
as high as a man. I have seen cases
of wine from Europe, the corks of
which had been entirely consumed by
ants, leaving the bottles to waste their
contents on the floor of the storeroom.
One frequently comes across these
ants' nests, little hills erected at short
distances from each other around a
hill of earth flftten feet in height, at
the top of which is a gaping opening,
the entrance to the nests. The nest
1' AN A>T'S NES T. ^
e Itself is composed of galleries hollowed
[s irregularly, all ending in a larger gal;e
lery, which may be considered the
i- principal avenue of the city. This are!S
nue leads to the deepest part of the
nest, where we may find the residence
of the queen. When sovereignty has
S been placed on the head of a aueen,
y the workmen tear her wings off and
n place her in a cell proportioned to her
3- size, with an adjoining cell for her
As in our own climate, each one of
these nests forms a small republic, containing
a queen, royal guards, workers
and other useful members of society.
As thousands of eggs are laid
each day in these nests, it is not difficult
to understand the ever-increasing
number of ants that inhabit them.
These small but fearful enemies of
mies which live in the same neighborhood,
and two ant nests never live
man themselves have implacable enetogether
in peace, even where they are
I lnnaDirea Dy inaiviauuis uiuseiy reiui*
I ed to each other lrom the standpoint
of race. The most formidable enemies
tj of the white ants, however, are the
large black ants called Matabeles, because
of their color, which is anala0
gous to that of the inhabitants of
11 Matabeland. The black ants are much
r larger than the white, und a legion of
0 Matabeles is sufficient to throw an
n entire city of white ants into a state
11 of absolute panic. Much more vige
orous than the latter, armed with for11
midable mandibles, the invading black
e ants throw themselves on the poor
'* frightened creatures of the white city,
seizing as many as thirteen at a time,
y and carrying them quickly to their
own hill. In this case the Matabele
e is not inspired by .my bloodthirsty
9 desire, for it does its captive no harm,
being content to keep it in a condition
? of slavery. Much less diligent and in?i
telligent than the lfttle white ant, the
j black ant makes the former work for
* the black colony, the white ant laborli
ing faithfully in the domain of Its
^ masters, constructing for them com^
fortable cells, taking care of their larvae,
and digging tunnels which permit
' tiioip nwntnrs to j?o from one nlace to
a. the other sheltered from the wind and |
? rain. Thus It is that frequently we
find entire tribes of white ants living
a in the Matabele communities.
Large and small ants have one common
enemy, the ant bear, which is
a- very numerous in fhose regions where
? prey is abundant. There is absolutely
3 no safety when one of these animals
[' enters the nest, althouph this does not
prevent the number of ants from ine
creasing in enormous quantities, in
? places the nests of these insects occupying
such an extent of territory
that they form small villages, attackinrr
nvorvthintr flAvotirinc evervthinp.
***?, ^ ^ "" C?? ~ " - ?
cutting tiie roots, destroying the leaves,
hollowing and emptying the interior
of branches and leaving only the bark,
the whole tree falling into dust. At
Bulawayo in the municipal park out of
every fifty trees planted one only lives,
and it is estimatted that the da mace
In this town nlone amounts to 2o0.'
XX) francs per year.
Arie'g Parlor Trick.
George Ade attended recently a din
ner of theatrical people in Boston. The i
stage folks sang song and told stories,
but Mr. Ade, who is very quiet and '
retiring, would neither sing nor speak.
tto whs. he said, no cood at anything
of that kind. Finally, though, the calls
for .Mr. Ado became too vehement.
The young man had to yield. He rose
"I will toll you an excellent trick in
parlor magic. You take a tumbler and
fill it two-thirds full of filtered water,
j. Then you insert in the water a lump.
j of sugar and a spoon and you begin
*f to stir. In a few minutes the sugar
e will become invisible."
A Bi?i Tomato Vine.
A tomato vine, nearly sixteen feet j
' hierh. was on exhibition at the Illinois I
r> State Fair. It was grown at Para~
In the city of New York there are
3 ! only 737,477 white persons bora of
1 t '
Sixteen Crushed to Death at Indian'
apolis in a Collision,
j PURDUE'S ELEVEN DECIMATED
, Purdue University Special Hit# a Switch
Engine Head-On?Seven Players, Two
Assistant Coaches and a Trainer Killed
Outright ? Fifty Persons Hurt ? Tho
Game Abandoned and Team Disbanded
Indianapolis, Ind. ^Running at tho
rate of thirty miles an hour, a Big Four j
special train of six coaches, loaded
with students of Purdue University,
including the football team, was
wrecked just inside ^the city limits
by coming into collision with a switch
engine hauling a train of coal cars. Fifteen
persons were killed outright and
fifty were injured, come of them so
seriously that there is no hope of their
There were 054 students and spectators
on the train, and the football team,
which was scheduled for a game with
the Indiana University team here, was
in the forward car. and four players,
three substitute players, two assistant
coacues anu oue Trainer were Kiueu
outright, and live members of the team
were seriously aud several slightly
injured. The train was a special, made
up at Lafayette, and, with few exceptions.
all the passengers were Purdue
Many of those killed and severely injured
were among the best men on the
team, and there will be no effort to reorganize
it this year. The Indiana
University team came in a few minutes
after the wreck occurred aud assisted
in me worK 01 rcseue uiiu 1.1 c-uiiuy
for the injured. President Stone, of
Purdue, was on the train, but was not
The trains came together with a
great crash, which wrecked three of
the passenger -coaches, in addition to
the engine and tender of the special
train and two or three of the coal cars.
The first coach on the special train was
reduced to splinters.
The second coach was thrown down
a fifteen-foot embankment into the
gravel pit, and the third coach was
thrown from the track to the west side
and badly wrecked. The coal cars
plowed their way into the engine and
demolished it completely. The coal
tender was tossed to the side and
A wild effort on the part of the
imprisoned passengers to cscape from
the wrecked car followed the crash.
Immediately following the wreck the
j students and the others turned their attention
to the work of rescuing the in*
I jured, and by the time the first ambulances
arrived many of the dead and
i suffering young men had been carried
out and placed on the grass on both
sides of the track.
The dead were removed last. Several
wagons belonging to teamsters living
in the neighborhood were pressed
into service and the dead were carried
away as fast as they could be taken
from the wreck.
Many of the bodies were so mangled
tliat they coma ue laeiumea umy uy
letters anil other paper in the clothing.
The cause of the accident has not been
explained. The engineers of both
trains say they had the right of way
and were proceeding without knowledge
that another train was on the
track. There Is a sharp curve where
the wreck occurred, and many freight
cars were standing on the side tracks,
obscuring the view.
The following were taken from the
wreck dead: W. H. Grube. substitute
player. Butler, Ind.: Walter Furr, member
of the team: E. C. Robertson, assistant
coach; Walter Roush, substitute.
Pittsburg: R. J. Powell, Corpus
Chrlsti, Texas; W. D. Hamilton," centre
rush. Lafavette; Walter Robertson; Ga
briel S. Drollinger. beheaded; Sum
Squibb. Lafayette; Jay Hamilton, substitute
player. Huntlnsrton. Ind.: N. R.
Howard. Lafayetto: Patrick McClair,
assistant coach. Chicago; Samuel
Truitt, player. Noblesville; G. L. Shaw,
Lafayette; TV. S. McMillon, Indianapolis.
William Bailey, of New Richmond.
Ind., substitute player on the Purdue
University football team, died on the
afternoon after the accident from internal
injuries received In the Big Four
wreck. This is the sixteenth death.
Boston. Mass.?Cutts. the football
coach, injured in the train wreck near
Indianapolis, is Oliver Cutts. the Harvard
player about whom there was
SUCU IUSS two jeuis aiju.
FUNERAL PARTY KILLED BY A TRAIN;
Three Men, a "Woman and a Coffined Cody
Ground Under Wheel*.
Charlotte, N. C.?Three men and a
woman, riding in a wagon in which
there was a coffin containing the body
of Mrs. Kate Lewis, on the way to
interment, were struck by an express
train on the Southern Railway six
miles north of Concord. The occupants
of the wagon?Mrs. Lulu Townsend.
John Key, Benjamin^Tippet and Daniel
Weaver?were instantly hilled, their
bodies, as well as that of Mrs. Lewis
being ground to fragments.
The wagon was proceeding, drawn by
two mules, on a road alongside the railroad
track. As the locomotive reached
rvHii n fon* vnv.is of the wagon the
mules became frightened and bolted
fairly in front of it.
Cost of Army Jlaneuvres, S3C0.000.
The army maneuvres just finished
at Omaha. Neb., cost the Government
?3o0.000, according to reports of army
officers made on request of MajorGeneral
Bates. " i
Quit l'ulplt For Business.
Because he believes that the ministry
v.-ould not in nice a sufficient provision
for the support of hims'elVand family
wlien old age shnll have overtaken him, I
(iiq bnv t a tnimsrtii. nastor of the !
Birmingham Methodist Protestant
Church, at Pittsburg, has laid aside
the work of the church and entered
upon a business life. He believes that I
a man's ability in his useful days j
should be employer to provide for his
family, and that this is a feature overlooked
by the church.
Ogden. Utah, has passed an eighthour
Rubber workers at Indianapolis, Ind.,
There are S.j.000 trade unionists in j
JNew soura w aies.
Laboring uicti of Pittsburg, Pa., are :
founding :i hospital.
Chinese arc being driven out of ped- :
dling by organized labor at Ogdeu, j
The normal German working day is I
ten hours and the normal week sixty, (
cdneyIsuRd fibe-swept "
Fourteen Blocks and 400 Building?
nitr\r\ a*!1 rurniiP Da^/m^'.
UCvlIUJCU III 1 CMIIUU3 IIWJlll
NOTORIOUS BOWERY WIPED OUT
Fivo Hundred Persons. Homeless anil
Loss Eitlmatccl at 91,000,000 ? Scarcitv
of Water Gives Free Stray to Do
structlon ? Many Fair.oas Resorts Go
Up In the Flame*.
Now York City?Coney Island was
swept by a fire which in a few hours j
destroyed property to the value of '
about Sl.OOO.OOO, made 500 people !
homeless and entirely wiped out the |
acres of dives, cheap shows, restaurants,
dance halls and various other
characteristic Coney Island resorts 1
?i,? .i ii.. T> r? ..:..? !
WHICH niieu iue xju>vcijr tut iiuuui uiuc
blocks and extended as far south as 1
the surf line of the sea. ,
The region destroyed was practically
the same as that which was burned in (
1896. except that this time the area
left in ashes is much larger than it was i
at the former lire.
Five persons were injured?only one j
mortally. He was Albert Itubein. proprietor
of the Silver Dollar Pavilion.
The fire started in a vacant building,
known as the Hippodrome, adjoining
Tlce's Albatross Hotel. It spread so i
swiftly that soon not only the Hippo* i
drome, but Tice's hotel was blanlug 1
Both of these buildings are on Til- ,
you's walk and close to the large structures
of Steeplechase Park. There was
a light wind blowing at the time almost
directly from the west, and the
sparks and flames were carried along
in a line parallel with Surf avenue and
seemed to threaten the destruction of
the mile or more of buildings in front
The buildings at Steeplechase Park
were scorched by the heat, and several
times burst into flames, which, howWAttA
/11IIA1?1*? CtlKflllA/1 KtT fll A firO
CYC1, n CI C IJUIUU1J OUUUUCU UJ IUC lit Vapparatus
which is a part of the park's
From Til.vou's walk and the Bowery
the fir<? worked its way diagonally iu a
northeasterly direction toward Surf
avenue, which it reached at Schreickert's
walk. From there it went eastward
along the south side of Surf avenue
to Stratton's walk, Henderson's
walk, and finally to Thompson's walk,
where it was held in check by the
heavy brick wall of Henderson's dancing
Explosions followed one another at
short intervals, increasing the danger
as well as the difficulty of fighting the
fire. They were caused by the bursting
of branch gas mains, gasoline tanks,
siphons for charging beer kegs and
kindred devices. Small stocks of cartridges
in rifle galleries went off. the
6lugs darting in all directions.
Stauch's and Henderson's were the
only brick buildings in the burned
| zone. Henderson's Theatre, on the
north side of the Bowery, and his pavilion
on the south side, with the baths
at the rear, were said to be valued at
?125,000. Stauch's plant, on a conserI
-i-? X- 1?- -1 _ A. AAA AAA
vauve esumaie, was vaiueu ai
There was a heavy handicap at the
start. Coney Isk.nd gets its supply of
water from a pumping station at
Daly's lane, behind Sheepshead Bay,
where there are many sunken wells.
When Coney Island became a part of
New York some of this water was diverted
to Flatbush and elsewhere,
leaving a supply utterly Inadequate.
It is estimated that besides these
larger buildings there were on each of
the fourteen blocks, eighteen smaller
buildings, making 252 buildings in all
that were destroyed. The average
value of the smaller buildings was
about $2000. This would bring the
total loss on the smaller buildings a
little over $300,000.
FIRE COST TWENTY-FIVE LIVES.
Result of Thirty Minute Blaze in Over
crowded New York Tenement.
New York City.?Twenty-five persons, I
twenty-one men, three women find a j
baby, were suffocated in an early morningfire
in a tenement house at U4G '
Eleventh avenue, between Thirty-fifth .
and Thirty-sijcth streets.
The "House of All Nations" this particular
building is called, because of
the babel of mingled English, Italian.
Austrian and Hungarian speech in its
halls and stairways. On each of the
live floors lived four families, two in
front on each side of a central passageway,
and two in the rear. Each of
these families accommodated from
three to ten boarders,#and there were
150 persons in the house at the time
of the fire.
One woman, who jumped from a
third-story window, was fatally hurt.
As far as loss of life is concerned
it was said at Police Headquarters that
no more disastrous tenement house fire
ever occurred in the city.
The fire was remarkable because so
large a loss of life occurred in so short
a period. Twenty minutes after the
firemen arrived the fire was under control,
and the flames could not have had
4-/vn minufftp' llflOiltV'OV 1 >. A- '
1HULC Lliclll LCll 1U1UUICO ucauiiuj ww
fore the alarm was sent in.
In that time more than two score persons
huddled together in the crowded
rooms, died just where the devouring
flames and blinding smoke discovered
them. It was not known until the fire i
was subdued that one had perished, but
the firemen's short and terrific buttle
disclosed heartrending scenes.
Poor Arctic TVUalc Catch.
A vessel arriving at Onalaska reports
fh,e catch of the arctic whaling lleet ,
Up to October 21 as sixteen whales.
"Whalemen say the season has been the
poorest in the history of bowhead :
Ex-Senator Smith, receiver of the
United States Shipbuilding Company,
made his report to the court, declaring ;
the trust a swindle, and accusing Chas.
M. Schwab of the deliberate purpose of
Tomailo Tear* Up Oklahoma. i
Two persons were killed and nine in- '
jured by a tornado that formed three
miles north of Hydro, in Caddo County.
0. T. A half dozen farm houses were j
destroyed. The preperty loss is eui- ;
mated at ?50,000. i j
Dynamite Wrecks City. (
A carload of dynamite exploded in i
the yards of the Pennsylvania Rail- |
road Company at Crestline. Ohio, com- 1
pletely wrecking 300 box cars, a nuin- '
ber of passenger cars, demolishing t
thirty tracks for a half mile and in- J
mciing senuuf tuima^v UJJ cici.i ^
in the place. The most wonderful part | J
of the entire explosion is that only one i i
person was killed. j <
Tos.is Ball rinycr S2iot.
TV. B. Tackaberry. a well-known ball ]
player of the Texas team, was shot ;
and killed by Prince No well, manager |
of a messenger scrvice at Fort Worth. (
TIE GKEAT DESTROYER |
SOMI STARTUNC FACTS ABOUT
-rue wi/?e r\c imTCmD~B iurf
I nt V iwm \jr n? i wiin
Why the Side Door of the Saloon Ha#Opened
the Way to the Downward Path
For WonieR-Vigorous Expressions oa
the Subjcct by Mrs. Edwin Knowle?.
Unquestionably the greatest evil thai
menaces our national life to-day is drunkenness
among women. Enough has been
said in both light and serious vein about
the practice of "genteel tippling" by women
of the so-called unper classes, and L
shall refer to them only incidentally. Of
far greater import is the increase in drinking
by women in humble circumstances,
the wives of hard-working mechanics, themothers
of large families. It is of far
greater import, because these women are
of the "plain people," and there are more
"plain people" than any other sort. So.
long as they are sober, industrious and
virtuous it makes little difference if they
rive dinners to monkeys at Newport or
now many cases of champagne are consumed
at pink teas on Fiftn avenue.
With these women opportunity means
i great deal. In some respects tne word
opportunity is the biggest in the English,
language. But it has an added signifilance
when it clears the way for these
ivoraen to become habitual drinkers. And*
the side door of the saloon leading to
wine rooms for women ? "ben coops" I
call them?is just another definition of the
vvord opportunity. The side door of the
saloon has opened the way to the downward
path for more women in humble circumstances
than all other avenues combined.
'ihe poor creatures think they
need a stimulant. Possibly they do. But
I doubt whether they would resort toliciuor
if it were not for that side door.
These women would not think of going
in the front door of the saloon. It would
not be considered respectable, and they
efill rofm'n u rprfnin nmminf. nf rtri/fo as
to their standing among their acquaintances.
Even the bartender who serves
drinks in the wine room would be most ... righteously
shocked if thev were to come
up to the bar and ask for their liquor.
They could not go into the swell cafe?
where their more wealthy sisters sip their
cocktails and highballs. They wotud not
be admitted. Trust the waiters in the /
cafes for being good judges of wardrobes.
So they go to the side door of the saloon*
which always stands invitingly open from
long before sunrise until long alter most
honest people are abed.
Thus the side door is the main opportunity
for women. It is the women'* a
annex to the saloon. It is there for' no
other purpose. When a man wants a
drink he goes in the front door. With
him there is no necessity for concealment
unless it is on Sunday or after closing j
hours at night. Then his skulking is for
the purpose of protecting the saloonkeeper.
The question might not be to serious if
the women of the poprer classes were not
so serious about their drinking. Your society
woman is not nearly so liable to become
an inebriate. She starts to drinking
because she thinks it smart. She ma/ -i
grow to like it. but, after all, drinking is Mm
largely an incident with her. The dip- .
humanize ?suun an eupneniisuc term:? . .
is the exception. If she becomes a real
drunkard she haras no one so much as -gja
herself. She may injure her reputation, v|g8
but that is easily repaired. She has no
family dependent on her work, no cbil- ' .'V
dren crying for her attention, and she
never loses hqj-self to such an extent that
she neglects her lapdoe.
Radical steps should be taken with the
saloon side door. It is the gateway to
damnation for women. If it is not feaai*
ble to force saloonkeepers to pay an eztrai
license for this accessory, close it up. It <v,
is ruining the homes of people who appreciate
homes. Home life means every*
thing to the poor peoDle. Their amuse*
nients are largely of the fireside variety.
A trip to the theatre is an everit, not s
nightly occurrence until they get bored
to death. They don't go out to dinners
or attend balls.
The women come in closer contact with'
their children. They have no nursemaids
to look after their little ones. What can
be the effect upon the younger generation
when the mothers get drunk? A
raomer in tne ponce court answering u*
the charge of intoxication! What a spec- "
tacle for a child! ,
If you want to stop nine-tenths of the
drunkenness among women, who are the
wives of workingmen, close the aider door
that admits them tg the "h^n coops." Io!
that way you remove the opportunity and
lessen the temptation. I am not sanguine
enough to believe that such a step
would reform all of them, but I believe
it will beat all the temDerance lectures - .;
that can be delivered and all the pleases
that can be signed?Mrs. Edwin Knowles,
in the Xew York Press.
More Dangerong Than Malaria.
The famous Dr. Wulfert has lately published
a paper on the effect of alcohol on
Europeans in tropical countries. It is
more dangerous, he says, that malaria or
climate fever, and at the same time affects
4-Vta /ii/voal-ivo (irajna fho hrain. and the
nervous system. A person addicted to the
use of alcoholic liquora will there have his
s'jimach entirely out of order in two
weeks. It is the same way with the nerves*
The moderate use of alcohol continued \
with the heat causes ah intolerable eom- S
nolence, weakness heaviness in the limbs*
difficulty of working, and low spirits.
The effects on the brain show themselvea
by dizziness and in fits of bad temper *-v ?
that sometimes cause real madness. These
effects of the alcohol show themselves especially
during the rainy time, when the
air is saturated with moisture. As a
proof that these troubles really come from
alcohol can be mentioned that the Hollanders
in In^ia who do not use alcoholic
beverages are able to work hard either at
mental of muscular labor even during th?
The Greatest Curae.
Undoubtedly the greatest curse to the
poor of this city is the drunkenness among
the wives and mothers. A drinking man
is often sober, but a drinking woman almost
The saloon with its side door, its drinking
booths for women in the rear, is, I
firmly believe, the greatest obstacle in the
way of reform. It affords an easy opportunity
for women to get their liquor. It
is more than an opportunity; it is a temptation
to idle women or a restless temper
It is true that a person bent on getting
liquor can buy it at some place or other.
But the saloon side door is far more potent,
and in my opinion constitutes the
gravest menace of all that threaten the
poor of New York. It has wrecked thousands
of homes by degrading the wives
and mothers, and has dotted Potter'#
Field with the "raves of women.?Statement
from the bench of Yorkville Police
Courc by Magistrate Charles A. Flammeo.
New York City.
The Crnsada In Brief.
Go'dsooro, X. C.. is planning for a Ircal
Prohibition campaign under the leadership
of the Anti-Saloon League.
The City Council of Sault Ste. Marie*
Mich., has violated a State statute by granting
a license for a saloon to be located
within 200 feet of the hi^h school. Tha
school board will carry the matter to tha <
L. J. Gibbon, of Corydon, Ky., who waa
indicted for selling alcoholic liquor in thkt
Prohibition town, has brought suit for
?5000 damages against two wholesalers of
Padacah, who. he alleges, sold him the
liquor in question as non-alcoholic pale lie.
Philadelphia brewers and distillers are
charged with putting salicylic acid into
their products, and Dr. B. H. Warren*
State Dairy and Food Commissioner, ia
launching a crusadc against them on thaS
Nine hundred and twenty-tiro licenses
for liquor sellers have been issued in Vermont
since the license law went into effect,
and reports from ail quarters indi- 1 E
late that the State is growing heartily
sick of its experinent, 'drunkenness ani
:ri'.nc increasing steadily.
The workings of high license in New;
Hampshire, after fifty years of prohibition.
may be inferred by the published ut- v
nf .Turin* Pillsburv. a prominent
irrist of that State, who says tersely and
significantly: "May God have mercy on
our State till we vote agiin."