Newspaper Page Text
f QUEER SUPS MADE BY
F0S6ESS OF BANK NOTES
Jefferson's Eye Gone, William Win?
. (Join's Lip Swollen, Webster's Nose
Flattened, Grant Deprived of His
Shirt Stud and Justice Afflicted
With Club Fest. ?:? :*
ON'T take any bad money
5 ?W while you're out."is advice
! O II o harder for the New Yorker
i to follow than for auy else
/- 1 tCOW in this country.
wj According to tales published in the
Jj Current "Dickerman's lf. S. Treasury
/ jOounterfeit Detector*' there are thirI
leeu different kinds of counterfeit
' l>auk notes of this State, ranging in
|denomination from $2 to $100, to say
Nothing of the phony gold coins and
email change. The bank officials of
(Massachusetts, which comes second
;'?u the list, only have to keep their
leyes peeled for ten different lunas 01
Jaative counterfeit bills.
i1 Unless a mau's an expert, he would
^Aave to carry a small chemical las^Roratory,
a pocket tool chest, and a
SRomplete collection of United States
^B^urrency, indexed for immediate reJ^perenoe,
if he would be absolutely safe
^against bad money.
W 1 It would embarrass some folks, howf
.fever, to hold up the box office line
(while they droppedacidon their change
and counted the hairs on the buffalo
ia the five-dollar bills. The only proI
jteotion afforded such people is that
<tlerived from a hasty glance at the
.color of the note and tha workmanchip
on the portrait.
,*k Judghig from the descriptions of :
/ 'Counterfeit United States and Treas- 1
/ wry notes given in '\Dickerman' De/
Sector" the most genera! defects are J
f in the portraits. Watch out for the
jevil eye, bad complexions, tousled hair
?nd the shaue of the nose; if you do it :
Inay save you money.
a 'For example, if a two-dollar bill on
twhich Jefferson has only one eye is
offered to a man, he shouldn't take it.
Neither should he accept a bill upon
iwhich a white'streak runs across the
Iris of each of MePherson's.eyes.
11 If MoPhersoira hair and beard
haven't been carefully brushed, or if
be has a "staring look, and the head
^.appears tlat." have nothing to do with
Bk biui. And above all things shun him
I it, he has "many yrhite spots on his
i Now for the.-ten doiiar-note. Be on
your guard against Gen. Sheridan under
these conditions: When his "face
bas a moth-eaten appearance;" when
jhis "right eye and mustache are hardly
visible;" when his mustache and ,
chin whiskers "appear smoothly
brushed" (they should be straggling
and bushy): and last but not least,
when the "right end ot" his forehead
and right cheek is a mass of white
t Daniel Webster should be avoided
?a ten-doikir biHspvhen Lis nose is flat. ,
! In twenty-dollar bills keep an eye on x
[Alexander Hamilton. If his '"nose, s
Instead of being round on the end, is ,
brought to a sharp point," and if "his <
Chin, instead of being double, is ?
square," he is an impostor.
f The man who takes a bill with the
line of Benjamin Franklin'.-? mouth and
jthc opening fcf his ear too pronounced,
imay be out fifty dollars. He may find ,
iconsolation. however, in the fact that ;
indistinct tail feathers on an American
leagle might have cost him a hundred,
if Admiral Farragut has too long a
nose and his upper Hp protrudes, that's
also a sign that a hundred-dollar bill
: As might bo expected in a counterfeit,
the figure of Justice in the ?."300
kind is somewhat out of pinmb. The
scale sh?? holds aloft is. very appropriately,
I* In addition to this she is club- c
(footed, and her toes are too short. If <
(further proof were needed, it may be j
ifound in the indistinctness of the lobe <
Of J. Q. Adams' ear.
| In the silver certificates even Mar- <
jtha "Washington's complexion doesn't ,
Cscape the hands of the spoiler. She <
receives mention among tite one-uouar
(Counterfeits as having "white patches
ion forehead and face."
i On two-dollar silver certificates it is
Veil to make sure that Gen. Hanicock's
hair and mustache are smoothly
brushed, for one counterfeiter has
mussed them badly. Also be wary of
JWilliam Windom. especialy if his "upper
lip appears a little swollen," or if
liis "cheeks appear sunken and his
chin out of proportion."'
i Gen. Grant is chief sufferer in counterfeit
five-dollar silver certificates. In
one case "two white patches appear
on his lower lip, near left corner of
mouth." In other instances "he looks
pock-marked" and "has a moth-eaten
appearance." One counterfeiter seems
jto have had all the instincts of a com>tn'on
thief, for in his production the
Vstud on Gen. Grant's shirt front is
| Ten-doliar silver certificates are dangerous
when Hendricks lacks a right
i On the twenties look out for Man
mng. Don t let the left side of his i
face press against the background too i
closely, and above alt things see that :
his mustache is nicely curled. One i
bungler has sadly bedraggled it. I
j,' In the only described counterfeit of '
bne-hundred dollar certificates Monroe <
Is the victim. His left cheek bone is t
missing, and this, as might be sup- c
posed, gives his face "a different ex- i
Of course, the portraits on some
Counterfeit bills are not defective.
(With these, and in the case of coins,
bther methods are necessary for detection'.
But any one who thoroughly i
masters all the portraits on our currency
will undoubtedly find it some- j
jtliing of a help.?New York Sim,
Ervglluli Imports of Iron.
! Ttio imports of Jron into T^rur
>and ? about one-third of the totai
ncQount consumed?-is not due to any
fear of the exhaustion of the supply
[ in Great Britain, bnt to a desire to
\pave the non-phoepkarus iron used in
acid jjroce&see, ,
AM EXPLORER'S INGENUITY
Some Incident* in the Career of a Famous
There was a jubilation in Queeualand
on the last birthday of the "Grand Old
Man" of that State. He is the Hon.
Augustus Charles Gregory, eightythree
years old, and a resident of Aus
tralia since he was ten. He will De
remembered as one of the greatest explorers
of the continent.
All maps of Australia showing the J
routes of the explorers who solved its
mysteries mark-the tracks of Gregory
through North Australia, through the
inner part of West Australia and along
the southern edge of the desert. He
brought to light important regions that
were fit for settlement and are now
among the prosperous parts of the Commonwealth,
thought it was long supposed
they could not be turned to good
During the many speeches in his
honor on his birthday much was said
about the remarkable inventive genius
which stood him in good stead at critical
periods during his explorations.
Clocks were few and far between when
he went to Australia.
Young Gregory decided that his parents
needed a clock, and when he was
fourteen he made one out of such materials
as he could pick up, and it kept
good time for eight years. When he
was eighteen he built the first flour
miH in Queensland, forging all the ironwork
for it from old bedsteads and exploring
the mountains for millstones.
which he picked out ana lasmoneu
with his own hands from the granite
near his home.
.He was scarcely more than a boy
when he designed the apparatus for
the first revolving light on Eotnest Island,
wher? a lighthouse was needed
for the safety of shipping. His contrivance
worked without a hitch for thirty,
five years, till it was replaced by a
During his explorations he discovered
a bed of Iron ore In Western Australia,
fused some of the metal iu a blacksmith's
forge, turned it into steel, made
a penknife blade of it and mounted it
in a handle of kangaroo bone. Some
officials expressed doubts that it was a
bona fide production, but Gregory was
able to prove that the steel was actually
the product of Western Australian
When liis chronometer got out of or- j
3er he was able to repair it in the desert
and continued the observations in
which it played an important part. j
Not a few of tus astronomical determinations
of geographic positions have
stood the lest of later observations. 1
One day wtfien he was traveling in
the vast deser; plains he decided that
liis provisions were too heavy for his
party to carry, and yet every ounce of 1
food was needed. He set to work to
reduce the weight while preserving the
autritive qualities. 1
He found that he could greatly reduce
the weight of his salt pork by ;
aelting it. He also discovered by ex- j
perimentation that the flour he turned '
into biscuits weighed more than ttie 1
The bright id?a occurred to hitn of (
nakins meat biscuits. So he mixed 1
Jour with melted pork and tinned beef. I
rhe biscuits turned out . weil and
iveighed only at>?ut one-half as much
is the meat a-ad flour separately.
These are only a few of the many
svays in which his ingenuity and ready
resource contributed to the complete '
success of his enterprises. He was for
nany years Surveyor - Genera! of
Queensland, and in his peaceful old age
ill Australia delights t? honor him.?
S'ew YorL Sua. t 1
Discipline in the Russian army is
confined to the essentials very strictly. 1
mil does not concern itself about '
things not immediately connected with
the movements oC troops and their eon- 1
luct in action, according to 0. K. :
Davis, in, the December Everybody's. 1
fhey will tight maguiticently, but for
the rest tliey are a lawless, unkempt.
sloucliy. dirty lot, whose clothes seeru 1
perpetually unwashed and whose
aands are in everything that is not
their own. I 1
There v/c-re a dozen different breeds | 1
>f fighting men in the Pekin relief
:olnmu. and among all of them I saw
instances of unprovoked cruelty and
savagery. With the others sirrh cases :
svere sporadic-, but araoag the Itn=?iians
discipline does not se^ui to undertake
to provide against that sort of 1
thing. I never saw an officer make j
in attempt to stop a Russian, soldier '
Crom such work, but I saw one sp.ink 1
l mau for letting a horse fall down.
The officer who was in cinnmand of
be guard that was escorting uie on
jne occasion stopped hi* meci to lor>t a 1
shop and let me go and find my way
is best I could without Aiem.
The Duke'a K?>Be> Garden.
There is at least one mau in Eli?- 1
and who maktjs money out of his recreation.
and tfant mau :s the orto- 1
;ertariuu Duke of Rochester?Deau 1
lole. Combining deen learning with a
ar^e fund of bright wit aud broad !ui- 1
nor. lie enn spare time I'rotn his heavy 1
ecclesiastical duties to add five thou-- :
.and dollars i year to bis income by
growing roses in the musty old town
>o well known to the lovers of L?kk.*ns.
For sixty yesrs tlie l>ean bus
jeen studying the national flowor of
England, anil during that time as
nany as tivo hundred varieties have
passed through his (muds. He is his
?wn gardener, eveu jt hu> present ad>-aneed
uge. As eariy j* seven o'clock
n the morning be may be seen in his
garden looking after his pets, and bis
method ot" disposing oC his growing is
through a London wholesale florist,
ft ho cuts them at Rochester under t'ue
critical eye of the Dean and removes
hem to G'ovent Garden market. Many
>f the varieties are rare, and it is no
uncommon tbing for a single blossom
to fetdi as much as two dollars.
F.8#t?ac*: of Orans^ Ceares.
One of the remarkable industries of
i iiriimia.y i.- me iuc(iai5iiuu ui iw.nvc
of orange leaves. More than oue bundred
and fifty years ngo tbo Jesuit
priests, who then luled tbat secluded,
country, imported orange-seeds and
planted groves, which have now become
immense forests, filled wiib
smnll establishments for extracting
the essence, which is exported to
France and ihe United States for use
iu soap and perfnmery making. It is
also employed by the natives in Paraguay
as a bealiag cnntmeat aad a hair
Wagon Road?. '
<?tOJC. HERE is pending: in Con
j# __ gress a bill called the
o *P O Brownlow bill, introduced
ft ^ by Hon. Walter P. Brown
low. of Tennessee, wliict
appropriates $24,000,000 as National
aid for tlie building of wagon roads
This sum is to be available at the ratf
of $8,000,000 a year, is to be divided
according to the population of the
different States, but no State is to re
eeive less than $250,000. Every Stat(
receiving National aid must appropri
ate and spend a like amount.
The asserted growth of sentiment ir
f?vnr of the measure has been chieflj
due to the institution and extension ol
the rural free mail delivery system
which has brought the disadvantages
of poor roads home to the farmers and
other country dwellers. Applications
for the extension of the free deliver?
system are being refused by the post
office authorities on account of the
roads, and the disappointed communi
ties demand their improvement. Theii
demands are so in excess of the abil
ity of the local boards to respond thai
for a year past Highway Commissions
nil over the country have been putting
th-mselves into record in favor of Na
It is claimed on .behalf of the bill
that the plan of distribution is more
equitable than the distribution of som<
?."52,500,000 a year under the rivers anc
harbors bill, which goes principally*t(
the seaboard States and to the Missis
In support of the Brownlow bill as
n measure attention fc called
to the fnct that France has 23,COS
miles of wagon road, which are built
ami maintained by the nation, and
Italy about 5000 miles, while many ol
the States of the Union spend hun
dreds of thousands of dollars annually
lu highway improvement.
The farmer should be particularly
Interested in having good roads, first
because he is usually taxed to main
tain them, as real estate cannot es
cape taxation. Secondly, for the rea
son that he has occasion to use then;
to a great extent iu the prosecution oi
his business. And the last may ofter
outweigh the first in dollars and cents
when taken into consideration the mov
ing of heavy loads for a considerable
distance over poor roads.
Here is a view of the case thai
should not be lost sight of. It is no)
alone those who drive for pleasure oi
business over our highways that should
ask for or demand their improved con
itition. This is for their interest and
convenience, it is true, and rightly too
and the farmer who has to move his
produce to market or place of ship
ment or in the daily prosecution of his
work needs to use the roads, gains oi
loses in fhis direction iu accordance
with their good or bad condition. Good
roads in such cases mean the saving
of time, the greater durability of ve
hide and the wear of teams.
Now, the farmer, to say nothing ol
the others, can afford to pay a fair 01
liberal road ,tax. provided he is as
nured that it will be so expended as te
result in a corresponding improved
condition of the roads.
Nothing will go so far toward re
conciling farmers or others to paying
what may be termed a large tax as tc
tindthat it is being faithfully expend
ed, and. above nil, that a certaic
ivmount is annually devoted to im
provements of a permanent character
This is evidence that cannot be over
looked or refuted, but is an ever pres
ent fact, a raonumeut to tbe skill anc
faithfulness of the intelligent road
maker. We waut just all of this kinc
of work that can practically be devot
ed to ihe purpose.?Boston Cultivator
Aid For Rnildlnfr WairOU F.oaill.
There is a bill now before Congress
introduced by Hon. Walter F. Brownlow.
of Tennessee, and Hon. Jacob
H. Gallinger. of New Hampshire, appropriating
$24,000,000 as national aid
for building wagon roads in every
State of the Union. This appropriation
is to be distributed according to
the population, except that no State
is to receive less tban $250,000. This
sum i.> available at tbe rate of $8,000,D00
a year for thr.e years, and every
State receiving this national aid must
udd a like amount, so that S4S.000.000
will in three years be spent in building
splendid State and national roads
in every State of the Union. This bil!
will cause to be built from 100 to 300
miles of road iu every State, or, say,
i>000 to 7000 miles in al!. While this
number of miles will be of great benefit
to tbe farmer, yet its greatest benefit
will be as an object lesson. Where
ii community ha.? good roads they always
want more of them.
Motor Cars Dainac* Road*.
With the lluest country road? in tb<
world. England and France are facing
a serious problem in the effect of ino
tor traffic upon the ordinary broker
Hint and gravel highways. It has been
found thar. the large rubber tires ol
cars mo vine at a high rate of spee<3
riislodsc the tine covering oti the sur
face of the road, leaving only the iarg
er aud sharper pieces of rock, thus
rapidly destroying the highway. Ef
forts are now being made to discovei
some method whereby a smooth ant]
hard surface can be obtained whicli
will stand the wear and tear of tht
heavy motor traffic common to thosf
Poorest of Koarift.
Colonel Brownlow says that wo nave
over 200.000 miles of the finest rail
way in the "world, more miles of rail
way thau all the rest of the globe pul
together, yet we have the pooresl
wagon roads of any civilized country,
He believes that no one thing will dc
this country so much good as the
building of wngon roads, as provided
for in this bill. As thes<? are to b?
built in every State in the Union thej
will bo especially valuable as an ob
ject lesson. Experience has shown
that wherever good roads exist eyerj
oae wants more ot fbeaa.
\ * .
MAKES THE ANiMALS HAPPT;
The Home That Women Have Made For
the Lost and Sick.
Thero is near New York City a
stretch of pasture land in which usually
a number of happy dogs are capering.
and the land and other things belong
to these same dogs. There is a
barn for them v/ith its comfortable
kennels heated by a coal tire, quite the
same as folks have, and in the house
near by is a friend ready to make a
. pilgrimage to the kennels with medi
cine and bandages day or night. And
I this is not for some especially pampered
breed of dogs, but for all unfor
i. tunates of the race.
I A woman not long ago realized' the
practical good that would result from
i establishing a home for dogs, cats and
I broken down horses. She has organ?
ized a band of workers to carry out the
plan, and the result has been this home
> for them, the Bide-a-Wee Home for
Animals at Yonkers Park.
The object of the bome is to provide
i a place where animals will receive kind
. treatment and care if'they are sick?
t just like a city hospital for humans. If
the case is hopeless the animal is chlo!
roformed?not dumped into a gas tank
[ with a dozen others to fight for a last '
breath of life.
There are many people who would
keep a dog or cat instead of turning it
into the street to be abused and finally
caught and killed if it could be taken
~ O A.MAi...:i.A..n1rr n A
cure Ui. giaiunuuaijr jlul u wuiic. auj
. animal taken to this .borne is welcomed.
. If a release is signed the animal is
placed in a good home and visited from
, time to time by an inspector.
[ Similar homes are doing good work
elsewhere in this country and abroafl.
[ The Animal Rescue League, of Bosk
ton, cares for more than 1000 dogs and
i cats each month, placing them in homes
[ where they remain under the superj
vision of the League.
Some of the women who run this
home have been asked why they don't
direct their attention to human suffer,
ers instead of to dumb creatures. One
, of the reasons, they say, is that there
are 134 institutions in this city for the
[ relief of humau beings, and there was
, only one (two now) for the benefit of
The home seems to be a welcome
charity, for it is finding many sympathizers,
and since it has become known
that it needs and appreciates gifts tc
help its work along, it has been receiv.
ing many?some in memory of lost ani<
- mal friends.?New York*Sun.
Horse Knew Land Wm Near.
When Thomas McGuiness, a well*
, known horseman of Philadelphia, went
' to Europe some time ago, he took'a
1 blooded horse with him. The animal
' was in a specially prepared stall on
' deck and enjoyed the trip despite the
rough weather. When Mr. McGuiness
thought land should soon be sighted,
; he asked the captain how far the ship
was from the Irish coast. The com.
mander of the steamer, in his usual
gruff manner, said: "Your horse .will
" tell you; watch him."
The owner of the animal could not
; understand what the captain meant,
and he was not particularly pleased
with the answer. Finally, however, a
couple of hours before land was observed,
the horse, which was a magnificent
bay, poked his bead through
) the grating, and, stretching his necfc,
' .whinnied loudly. "There you are,"
said the captain to Mr. McGuiness;.
"your horse smells the land." The
^ horse was like a different animal thereafter
until the coast loomed up.
The captain, in explaining the odd
i occurrence, said that the thoroughbred
detected the odor from pasture lands
that was wafted far seaward, and that
horses on board ocean steamers always
' give the first signal when land is near."
* ? Philadelphia Telegraph.
Counting the Razor Stroke*.
"Very few men realize the manual
[ labor entailed in the operation of shaving.
aside from the constant care and
^ skill that must be exercised." said the
_ j handsome barber as-he paused to strop
I ' his razor. "I didn't realize it'myself
until the other day. The man I was
shaviug was a stranger to me. and he
seemed a trifle nervous. When I got
through with him he said to me: *Do
, you know how many strokes of the
| razor you used in shaving me?.' I
looked up at the clock. It had taken
me nearly twenty minutes. 'I give it
up.' I said. 'I never thought about it.' I
'Well,' said he, as he buttoned his col-1
lar. 'you used just 459 strokes with the !
( razor. That's pretty fair for me, be,
cause I'm nervous. I have frequently
' j been up to near 060. You see. I-'suffer
I from insomnia, and the only way I can
I get to sleep at nights is to He in bed
and count. In that way I have gotten
into the habit of counting the razor
j strokes while getting shaved, and I
, j .want to tell you that 430 is a pretty
good record for me.' Say. do you be,
lieve that?"?Philadelphia Record.
Daniel Webster's Brother.
Secretary Root, on the day he sailed
for England on the Celtic to act as a
. member of the Alaska Boundary Com.
mission, told .an Interesting story of
Daniel Webster's boyhood.
"Little 'Dau' and his younger
brother," said Mr. Root. ';had each
s been given some money. They started
; out gleefully, and it was evening be.
fore they got back home.
i 1 " 'Well. Dan.' said the senior Webi
ster. 'what did you do with your
I " 'Spent it.' the boy answered,
" 'And how about you? What did
j' you do with your moneyV" the father
. asked the younger brother.
3 " 'I lent it to Dan,' wa6 the reply."?
I New York Tribune.
i Precion* Stones Scnrce.
i The United States can supply all the
wants of its people for coal, iron, cop
per. petroleum, and all the useful minerals;
gold and silver are also found
? in generous quantities; but of precious
stones the diamond, the ruby, the emerald.
the topaz, etc.. it 1ms practically
; uone. except what it has bought
i abroad. In 1002 we paid $25,000,000
, j to foreign countries for precious stones ^
j that we imported, while during that ]
> year precious stones of the value of ]
1 only $338,000 were found within our ,
i borders. These were principally j
. sapphires frcra Montana, tur(juoise.s .
from New Mexico, Arizona,. Nevada ?
t und California, and tourmalines and ,
, vhrysopvascs from California.?Na* ,
tiouaJ Oeoeraohic Mp^azine. i
_ (ffifTn rhnm^nmhint7
i// ijy c/ j
The cathedral at Ulu). Wurttemherg.
possesses the highest church
spire in the world. It i* 533 feet high.
Tn pulling down the old Cathedral
of Metz a strong box has been found
containing coius and watches valued
The earliest railways were designed
to be tollways, oi: which any
man could ruu his own cars on his
A Chimman is compelled, by the i
law of his land, to leave his possessions
*o his male children. He can
make no exceptions in favor of any
South Dakota claims the largest
cave in the world. It is Wind Cave, j
at Hot Springs, extending ninety
miles in different directions and containing
In a Berlin insane asylum is a patient,
it is said, whose hair changes
color with her temperature. When she
is cool and quiet her hair is a light
yellow, but when she is restless and
it becomes auburn.
In Taranaki, Australia, Is a church
labeled in large letters oil its outside
walls with the names and trades 1
of a grocer, a draper, a painter and a
miller. These tradesmen built the
church in return for the advertise-ment
Some years ago the sexton of the
Catholic Church at Grand Falls, N. B.,
had a head of pure white hair. It became
.thinner and thinner, until in
1900 he was perfectly bald. Then a
crop of thick black hair begau to
sprout, intermingled with gray. He
is in his eighty-fifth year.
The beggars of China have organized
a regular system of blackmail.
Every,town has a band of them with
a "King;" The "King" goes among
the merchants and others, collecting
tribute, in return for which
he gives a signed document insuring
them against all annoyance for a certain
length of time.
BLOODIEST OF MODERN BATTLES
B6rodino a Useless Fight Which Didn't
Influence the World's History.
The battle of Borodino, fought between
the French and the Russians
near Moscow in 1812. was the most
murderous fight, not only of the last
century, but, perhaps, of the last 500
The records show that Borodino engaged
armies of from 120,000 to 130.000
on each side; that there was bat
one day of vigorous fighting; that the
French .iftor nourinir a most murder*
ous cannon tire upon the Russians, |
advanced upon the Russian's position,
were repeatedly repuisefa with terrible
loss, and finally rnshed the soldiers
of the Czar off their feet and out of the
vantage ground. The French won, but
lost 12,000 killed on the field and 28,*
000 wounded. Fifteen thousand Russians
were slain and 30,000 wounded.
Out of r.bout 2HO.OOO men who made
up the contending armies, 85,000, or
thirty-four per cent.?more than onethird?were
struck by bullets, bayonets
At Waterloo about 4.1,000 men were
killed or frouuded out of perhaps 200,000
engaged. At Gettysburg about
100,000 fought F.ud eacn army hgd,
approximately, 3000 killed and 14,WW
wounded. In the Wilderness probably
200,000 men were in action, and
the fight?which lasted a week or
more?resulted in a combined los3 of
about 8000 killed and 40,000 wounded.
Borodino, a fight now alaost forgotten,
which had no influence on the
history of the world, and which, so far
as actual results went, need not even
hoi-a hoon fniirrhf VMS thn bloodiest of
modern battles. Napoleon's victory
availed bim nothing, for he was
burned out of Moscow, anyway, and
the Russians simply sacrificed men in
the vain attempt at a triumph which
the .snows of winter soon brought them
anyjjbw. The most gory of battles
was also the most useiess, and is
now one of the least remembered.?
Baked Mad a Food.
Consumption of earth as food is said
to be common uot only in China, New
Caledonia and New Guinea, but in the
Malay Archipelago as well. In Java
and Sumatra the clay used undergoes
a preliminary preparation for consumption,
being mixed with water, reduced
to a paste, and the sand and
other hard substances removed. The
clay is then formed into small cakes
or tablets about as thick as' a lead
pencil and baked in an iron saucepan.
The Javanese frequently eat small
figures roughly modelled from clay
which resemble the animals turned out
j Chi'/viffA Trihnna
ill our pastry am/fa.?\_/i-iiv_^_,v? Afeik#M.v.
Huuor For Berlioz*
Whatever iudifference may be displayed
by other countries towards
Hector Berioiz's centenary, it i3 only
natural and proper that in France, just
now, his name should be especially
honored. All th? same, there is something
a trifle bizarre in the appellation
given to an hotel which it appears has
been opened at Saint-Andre-Legaz,
near Grenoble. It has been named
"Hotel de la Gare 'et Berlioz." We
make no comparison, of course. But
what would be thought here of the
title, a century hence, say, of "The Station
and Sullivan Hotel?"?London
A curious barometer is said to be
used by the remnant of the Araucanian
race, which inhabits the southernmost
province of Chile. It consists of the
rast-off shell of a crab. The dead shell
is white in fair, dry weather, but the
approach of a moist atmosphere is inlicated
by the appearance of small, red
apots. As the moisture in the air increases.
the shell becomes entirely red,
md remains so throughout the rain/
A STORY OF CRANES
Hoir the South American* Utilize tb
The natives of Venezuela and ad
.joining countries on the north side o
the River Amazon often avail tliem
selves of the services of the nativi
crane to care for their poultry, an<
also use it in the place of a colie o;
shepherd dog to guara ana iiera taei
domestic animals. Tim remarkable
bird, which'the Indians caNydkamili
and the ornithologists-Fsophia Crepi
tans, is found in a wild state-In-grea
forests that lie between the northeri
coasts of South America and the Ama
zon and British Guiana. The bird
never leave the forests unless shot o
They travel about in flocks of fron
100 to 200, in search of the berrief
fruits and insects upon which the;
subsist. Their usual gait Is a slow am
stately march, but they enliven them
selves fro a time to time by leaping uj
in the air, executing eccentric and fan
cy waltzes and striking the most aS
surd and preposterous .attitudes. I
pursued they endeavor to save them
selves by running, i'or their flight is ?<
weak, according to Schomburg, tha
when they attempt to fly-over a bod:
of water of any considerable widtl
they are often compelled to drop upoi
it and save themselves by swimming.
vvnen aiarmeu mejr unci iuc pcuuna
cry whi:h has obtained for them thi
name of trumpeters. The sound i:
something like that produced by a per
son endeavoring to shout the syllable;
"tow, tow, tow, tow, tow,' with hi
mouth shut, or the doleful noise madi
by children on New Year's Day wit!
their trumpets. The yakamiks usuall;
deposit their eggs in a hollow In th
ground, often at the foot of a tree.
A nest generally contains ten eggs o
a pale green color. The'young "bird
follow their mothers as soon as the
are hatched, but do not lose their prei
ty down c6verlng*urktil several week
old. The yakamiks are very readil;
tamed and prove valuable servants t
the Indians, who domesticate then
and as they are courageous and wl
protect animals intrusted to their car
at every risk to themselves, even dog
are obliged to yield to their autnority.
Tbey may be trusted with the care c
a flock of sheep or domestic fowls, an
every morning will drive the ducks an
poultry to their feeding places, anc
carefully collecting any straggleri
bring them safely home at night, j
yakamik soon learns to know and obe
the voice of his master, follows hli
when permitted wherever,he goes an
appears delighted at receiving his cj
1 resses> It <plnes at his absence an
welcomes his return, and is extreme!
jealous of any rival. Should auy an
mal attack Its master the yakamik i
! utmost fury attacks it with wings an
beak, driving it away.
It presents itself regularly diirin
meals, from which it chases all dc
mestic animals, and even the negroe
who wait on the table, if it is not wel
acquainted with them, and only ask
for a share of the eatables after it ha
driven away all who might aspire t
a favorable notice from the family.Montrea!
Helping Oat the Law's Allowance.
They do say tliat^hls actually haf
peued in this county not a great whll
It wrs a part of the incidentals at'
j wedding of some note. The ministe
had just finished the ceremony \yhei
he was accosted by the groom: ?
"Say. how much do you charge?
asked the new Benedict.
"Oh," said the minister, "I make n
specific charges for services of thi
kind, usually being satisfied with what
ever sum the generosity of the happ;
groom may prompt him to give. Th
law, however, allows me a fee o
"All right," said the^groom, handin;
the minister a. piece of silver. "There'
I another dollar. That makes $3.50. Wil
that do you?"
And the astonished minister had t
say "Yes."?Winchester Sentinel.
w A ftunn of Lefcinerton. Kv.. ha
suggested a unique, feature for tb
Kentucky exhibit at- the world's fai
in St. Louis. There is, according t<
him, in eastern Kentucky a family o
seven sons whose height' runs fron
six and a half to seven feet, and h.
proposes that the State arrange fo
them to form the nucleus of a reuuioi
of giants, which would undoubtedly
prove a popular attraction at the ex
position. There wereneight In thif
family, but one of them died. The:
ate middle-aged me0;-i6aiuly farmers
finely built, and of good appearance
The committee to whom Mr. Gunt
sent the suggestion has taken the mat
ter up with the Kentucky Exhibit As
socialion. disclosing the identity of tin
family, and an effort will lie made ti
induce the men to go to the proposct
Liquid hydrogen is by far ihe colder
liquid known at the present time. Ai
ordinary atmospheric pressure it boil!
* A**'* ^A/?i?Aoa I? anrl Ol
at cco , ?*??? ?
the pressure by an air pump brings th<
temperature down to?132 degrees, a
which the liquid becomes a solid, re
sembling frozen foam. According t<
Prof. Dewar, to whom the credit is
due of having liquefied hydrogen It
1898, the liquid is a colorless, trans
parent body, and is the lightest liquic
known to exist, its density being onlj
one-four teen tli that of water; \ ttu
lightest liquid previously known-was
liquid marsh gas, which is sis times
heavier. The only solid which has s<
small density as to float upon its .surface
is a piece of pith wood.?Cas
A Child's Natural Wonder.
A story illustrative of the severe logic
of some juvenile minds is related by a
reader of the Sun, who got it from a
friend, a woman of family, one mem
ber ot' the latter being a four-year-old
daughter. One day this observant
miss saw a lame man oa me ttireei,
oud asked her mother what made hitu
walk so queer. The mother told her
it was because one leg was shorter
thau the other.
"Well," she said, "there is o girl
around the corner who is that way."
After a few minutes' meditation she
"Mamma, wasn't it funny that Clod
didn't give the two long, legs to the
man and the two short ones to the
Our. Budget ,|
of Humor- jf
I, r> r. i i
f The Bleflftingpt of Old Age.
r "I am old," said the man, a* he shook hjus
9 gray lockn;
:: "I am old and quite feeble and weak;, .
When I tiik to myself I ne'er make a re?
t For I'm deaf and can't hear myself
?Columbia Jester, j
A Nwtowwl Horison. . , )
r Stella?"They u^ed to think the'world
of each other." . ^|a
1 Bella?"Yes, hut now they only think
^ South Dakota."?New York Sun. - <
3 An Exception.
i- Friend?"The hand that rocks thtf
P cradle rules the world."
! - Henpekt?"Not much, it don't! Mrs.
Henpekt makes me put the baby to
f sleep." ?
t "Do you believe-in telepathy?"
p "Well, this morning a man paid m?
i $100 he owed me, and this afternoon I
i got a letter from my wife asking foe
, More Generally the Case. * -|J|
j She?"Don't you believe that 'a sofl
answer turneth away wrath?'"
3 He?"Oh, yes. Ofteuer, however,
8 wrath frightens away a soft answer.'*
& ? Kausas City Journal. *
^ Abont an Even Thins.
y Mr. Mlllyuns (engaging valet)~"l
0 warn you that frequently I am.exceedingly
ill-tempered and gruff."
Valet (cheerfully)?"That's all right,
? sir; so am I."?Stray Stories. '
No Joy For the Blnger.. .
9 Yeast?"How joyous the wedding;
7 bells make every one feel."
0 Crimsonbeak?"I don't know about
> that! Did you see the fellow who was
11 ringing them ?"?Yonkers Statesman. ^
S '* Difference#.
"Singing is a great art," said th$ ' |
if music lover, < ' m
d "Occasionally," answered the moroae
d man. "With some people it's an art
I, and with others it's merely a habit/*
^ Baihlnf BaslneM.
v Yeast?"So he's busy at his restaur*
n aui* . :*
,3 Crimsonbeak?"Busy's no name for
t, it. Why, he hardly has time to go out
(j to get his meals!"?Yonkers States man,
' Got Slipped Up On.
"Do you know anything about flirt*
S ,ne?" ":"%M
"No," he replied sadly. "I thought I
JI'l K?*- r 4-hJA/I 5f hangar! If ^
U.IU. UUl nucu A, U icu ll, MUU^V-U V-'?QS
* girl didn't marry me."?Chicago Post, ^
s. "What Manner of Mant -^a
Mrs. Brown?"How are. you getting
s Mrs. Jones?"Splendidly. Charle?
0 has two schemes that can't bring less
~ than $1,000,000 each, and a ten-dollar*
a-weelc Job."?Smart Set. .~*rnil
'* Hawkins?"I have lost all; not M
e thing remains." 1
Bobbins?'"But think of youc
a friends." ( ,,
r Hawkins?"That's so. It'-s . pretty ?
a hard on them, too."?Town Topics. ^
Book Learning. fi
' Mr. Newedde?"Tbese biscuits art
^ awful." ,
1 Mrs. Ncwedde?"Impossible. Why*
3 tin* rpppiot sars ther are excellent."-*
r f New York American. ~1
7 Not Hia Fault.
Magistrate' (sternly)?"Didn't I tell
* you the last time you were here I
7 never wanted you to come before me
Prisoner?"Yes. sir: but I couldn't . J
i make the policeman believe it."?New
Yorker. , - ' * 1 .1
> Setting the FmIiIobi,
, "Where have you been, Tommy?** "!
I ' Been out watching people &it dowtt
on the sidewalk." i
'''Nonsense! .No one sits on the side*
walk this weather."
t "Yes, they do: after we made th*
t bricks slippery."?Chicago News. ^
e nf f!udfnTii.
? I The handsome young dentist slipped
t the diamond ting on the lovely girl'*
. shapely linger. I
, "If you breai; this engagement, dear5
est," he said, with a dreamy, farawajj
i gaze, ''I shall have to charge you for
. my time, you kaow."?Chicago Trifrj 1
k Didn't Apply in His t'aw.
"Some ot' the proverbs about trt
1 men," said Mr. Ilenpeck, "are ridicu)
"As, for instance?" queried Meekton.
| "Well, that oue that says 'the hand;
that rocks the cradle is the handl
j that rules the world." "?Philadelphia;
Leaser. . >,
1 Friend?' How did the count propose1
to you. and you accept, if he could not
understand your language, nor yotr
^ his?" i
American Heiress?"It was very simi
pie. He showed uie his family tree*
and I showed him my bank book."?
New York Weekly.
Gayeboye?"I understauil tliat Wllda*
ooye's father left him nothing."
Highflyer?"Nothing but his debts.* !
Oayeboye?"So? And how is thd
j vun^ciri #|,riuu(, .
Highflyer?"Veer nicely, indeed. He's
i managed to increase bis legacy bjj
thirty thousand."?Smart Set
......... - -t vv ffT'-fiM