Newspaper Page Text
X vvu ,
f I News for tl
BY JNO. C. BARKSDALE, CO
LETS PLANT SOME c
CLOVER THIS FALL d
* ? ?T
We wish every tarmer 01 tne cuau- ?
ty would take a day off and study C
the system of farming adopted by g
Mr. B. H. Hodges, Hodges, S. C. Mr. t?
Hodges attributes his suc'cess as a r<
farmer to crimson clover. Many of ci
us knew the Hodges lands before the V
present owner began to build them f<
up by the use of crimson clover; we
know that it would not grow cowpeas 0
successfully and that it took from 6 ^
to 8 acres to make a bale of cotton. a
Today with a decreased application Ir
of commercial fertilizers these sameT
lands produce a bale of cotton per.a]
acre and grow corn equal to bottom :C1
lands. When we stop to hunt* the!
reason why we see that by the use of j
, crimson clover Mr. Hodges has increased
the fertility of his soil to
such an extent that his lands withHfcV,
: * vrr
stand drought and give a larger
*??? qcm on'fVi fhp emano used,
7-J. JflCJW c f
.enabling him to grow larger crops at
a lowered cost of production. This
' * is good business and is a system that V(
many of us would do well to adopt. a;
It is not an experiment but an estab- g(
fv' " a
A number of our farmers, accompanied
by the County Agent, visited J
Mr1. Hodges' farm last week. There .
are fine crops growing on the Hodges j*
lands?cotton that will make a bale
per acre and corn on uplands that or
S?;.?v-- would do credit to bottom lands. 01
This is not an extra or flush season a
on the Hodges farms; we have seen
(Mr. Hodges crops before and they
always show up to advantage. The so
time to see them is in September,
when all other crops have stopped
growing and putting on fruit, the
crops growing on clover sod is still or
growing and fruiting. To hear Mr. ar
j Hodges describe his method of crop ^
production on clover sod with scarce- pj
ly no fertilizer seems like a dream r
to us who have been accustomed to J ^
growing crops with a stimulus 'of j
commercial fertilizer. We are not
> against the use of commercial fer^
tilizers; they are necessary to cropjcc
production on our soils but we arejp(
against their abuse or rather permitting
them to abuse us. We pay outpi
annually a large amount of money gj,
for commercial fretilizers when we aj
could grow a great portion of the 'j
nitrogen fertilizer right on our own w
lands and effect an annual saving ^
that would soon spell independence'^
on the fertilizer bill. / ^
% CRIMSON CLOVER
g; r> , HAS NO EQUAL ^
For building up a run down soil or tc
for maintaining the productiveness
* ? ' -i-*1 ?. -*il AwtwAfiAM rtlmrnw V?Q a
01 a ieruie sun, umiov/u uv?w **?*.??
no equpU It is especially valuable as
a source of humus, an element much m
needed in our soils, and as a source f(
of nitrogenous fertilizer for corn. ^
It draws down nitrogen from the air ^
valued from $10 to $20 per acre. p]
As a source of humus, it is an in- a]
surance policy against drought. Soils ^
that are rich in humus are productive
because they retain moisture
v % longer, they do not set up or bake L,
after hard rains, they respond more ja
' readily to cultivation and to the use cj
of commercial fertilizers. Humus e(
and nitrogen is the crying need of
southern soils and this great crop f(
supplies both at a low cost per acre
and does it while the land is resting.
? ^ ? I Wj
Most of our lands lay idle during the sj
fall and winter?an easy prey to hte
washing and leaching rains. We f,
need to protect our soils from the ^
actions of these agencies and to con- q
serve the plant food that is lost e.
through drainage during this time. jr
We need cover crops to absorb this j f,
plant food and to store it for the | s<
following crop. Our mild winters 0.
with alternate freezes and periods of,
V i thaw make it necessary to protect ^
the soil. As the land thaws after a!^
freeze, plant food is loosened and j r,
unless assimulated by a cover crop ^
the plant food is lost by the next u
rain. Crimson clover is a valuable
cover crop, ready to plow under in ^
April and is a splendid fertilizer for '
h: - ct
GROWING CORN AND
COTTON AND CLOVER SOD "
By using clover as a fertilizer for
> corn, we can "Move the Corn Belt
South." We have recently seen corn! '
gorwing on clover sod that was hardi
to beat?not a leaf fired and without
a particle of fertilizer. Clover ;n
can best be utilized as a fertilizer forjP
corn though i* can be used eco-jri
nomically foi cotton production, j
However, we ar? of the opinion that j tl
clover sod had b^st be seeded to cornig
and some other cover crop be uteliz- c
ed for the cotton lands. Abbruzzi p
rye when turned at the right stage n
V ? (from 6 to 8 inches high) is an ex- d
ellent crop to turn for cotton. It
oes not interfere with the early
lanting of cotton which under boll
reevil conditions will be imperitive.
Hover does not make sufficient
rowth to enable you to get the cotm
in early enough, and for this
eason, we recommend clover for
orn and abruzzi rye for cotton,
fhile we do not recommend clover
Dr cotton we cannot recommend it
>o highly for corn. A single crop
f clover has been Known to aouDie
ie yield of corn per acre and on
verage lands it will enable you to
lcrease your yields per acre from
ear to year, and to lower the
mount of fertilizer necessary to
VS. BURR CLOVER
We have been asked repeatedly
hich do we prefer or which is the
;st for soil improvement, Crimson
lover or Burr Clover. Both are
jod soil builders, but the Burr Cloir
has a slight shade of advantage
} a soil builder because of its lar;r
growth. However, we maintain,
lat Burr clover should be used on
permanent pasture, because were
e to have a large acreage to hane,
it would be impossible to handle
successfully and prepare the seed
id as it should be; Crimson clover
i the other hand, tits better into
lr system and is more desirable as
cover crop because it can be haned
more easily in the preparation
r spring planting, and for this rean
is a more desirable plant.
Jelly making is not an art that can i
lly be mastered by long practice
id experience, but can be successilly
made by anyone if a few sime
suggestions are followed.
-In making jelly a fruit juice conining
pectin and acid in proper |
oportion is required. Pectin is a1
immy substance having the ability!
i form jelly when extracted and
?oled. It is found chiefly in the
;elings and cores of fruits, and for
lis reason this part of the fruit in J
eference to the flesh of fruit
tould be used. Oranges, lemons
id grape fruit are particularly rich
. pectin. Pectin has not matured j
ell in green fruit, and has begun to(
;compose in overripe fruit. It is
i prime or best condition just as
le fruit becomes ripe.
When fruit is lacking in pectin
>mbine with another fruit juice conlining
much pectin or add orange
r lemon pectin, using 1 cup pectin
> 1 quart of fruit juice, pour in
ectin. If fruit is lacking in aci<J,
imon juice may be added.
Sugar is not necessary to the fortation
of jelly, but is always added |
>r flavor. There is usually some
oubt about the quantity of sugar,
lat you should use. This should be
roportioned according to the
mount of pectin the juice contains.
pectin test may easily be made by
During one teaspoon of grain alco!>1
into one teaspoon of the cooled
lice. If the juice congeals into a
^rge lump, pectin is present in suffient
quantity to warrant the use of
iual portions of sugar and juice,
: it shapes in globules, use three
jurths as much sugar as juice. If
le solid portions are only' in flakes
illy one half as much sugar as juice
lould be used.
For extracting juice, put clean
uit in kettle and add a cup of wa?r
to every 4 or 5 quarts of fruit,
ook slowly until muss is soft and|
isily crushed. Turn hot material
lto jelly bag, .which has been wrung
rom hot water, drain without
lueezing until all juice has dripped
Put the juice in a saucepan and
ring rapidly to the boiling point, j
dd suerar slowly so as not to lower
~ ' 1
ite of cooking. Do not skin during
oiling. Continue boiling rapidly
ntil material sheets or flakes from1
poon. Skin and pour immediately;
ito clear sterilized glasses. Chop;
ieces of parraffin in bottom of glass
nd pour in hot jelly. This melted
arrafin rises up thru the jelly, takes
p air bubbles and forms a covering
ver top to exclude air and bacteria.
Failures in jelly-making are due
3 lack of pectin and acid in fruit;
so much sugar; too long cooking or
)0 short cooking.
The most desirable fruits for jelly
laking are currants, crab apples, aples,
quince, grapes, blackberries,
asnberries anj plums.
If a mint jfclly is desired, remove;
le leaves from, mint stems, using six
ood sprigs for; 12 glasses of jelly, j
rush leaves; ,tie in cheese cloth J
lace in kettle with apples to boil. Iflint
leaves are not available, add 6j
rops of mint extract to each pint of
'fruit juice, and six drops of green
I vegetable coloring.
Orange or Lemon Pectin.
M lb. white of orange peel or lemon.
Vz cup water, 1 teaspoon leimon
Grate or scrape the yellow from
the peel of the orange. Put the
white portion through a food chopper
and weigh, combine ground peel,
water and lemon juice, and let it
stand 4 or 5 hours. Add 3 cups of
water and boil 10 min. Let stand
over night; next morning boil 5
min. cool, put in jelly bag and press
to remove juice. Drain juice through
a clear jelly bag. The pectin may
be put into sterilized jars while hot
and kept for later use.
GOVERNMENT CROP REPORT
FOR SOUTH CAROLINA
Washington, D. C., August 14.?A
summary of the August crop report
for the State of South Carolina ,as
compiled by the Bureau of Crop Estimates,
U. S. Department of Agriculture,
is as follows:
Corn.?August 1 forecast, 45,800,000
bushels; production last year,
December estimate, 32,088,000 bushels.
All Wheat.?August 1 forecast,
1,870,000 bushels; production last
t-s ?v.?_ o ooe nnn
ycai f i/cuciiiuci
Oats.?August 1 forecast, 6,320,000
bushels; production last year,
December estimate, 9,000,000 bushels.
Tobacco.?August 1 forecast, 55,800,000
pounds; production last
year, December estimate, 20,280,000
Potatoes.?August 1 forecast, 1,071,000
bushels; production last year
December estimate, 750,000 bushels.
Sweet Potatoes.?August 1 forerast,
7,490,000 bushels; production
last year, December estimate, 5,676,000
All Hay.?August 1 forecase, 329,000
tons; production last year, December
estimate, 340,000 tons.
Apples (Agricultural Crop)?August
1 forecast, 286,000 barrels of 3
bushels; production last year, December
estimate, 196,000 barrels.
Peaches.?August 1 forecast, 1,124,000
bushels; production last year
December estimate, 545,000 bushels.
Cotton.?July 25 forecast, 1,333,000
bales; production last,year, Census,
Prices.?The first price given below
is the average on August 1 this
year, and the second, the average on
August 1 last year. \
Wheat, 255 and 121 cents per bu.
Com, 220 and 104 per bu. Oats, 112
and 69 per bushel. Potatoes, 265
and 115. Hay, $21.50 and $15.90 per
ton. Cotton, 24.7 and 12.6 cents per
pound. Eggs, 27 and 19 cents per
Look arid Feel
Clean, Sweet and
. Fresh Every Day
Drink a glass of real hot water
before breakfast to wash
* ? j
Life is not merely to live, but to
live well, eat well, digest well, work
well sleep well, look well. What a
glorious condition to attain, and yet
how very easy it is if one will only
adopt the morning inside bath.
Folks who are accustomed to feel
dull and heavy when they arise, splitting
headache, stuffy from a cold,
foul tongue, nasty breath, acid stomach,
can, instead, feel as fresh as a
daisy by opening the sluices of the
system each morning and flushing
out the whole of the internal poisonAlio
uuo obaguaiiu uiavv^ii
Everyone, whether ailing, siick or
well, should, each morning, before
breakfast, drink a glass of real hot
water with a teaspoonful of limestone
phosphate in it to wash from the
stomach, liver, kidneys and bowels
the previous days' indigestible waste,
Four bile and poisonous toxins; thus
cleansing, sweetening and purifying
the entire alimentary canal before
putting more food into the stomach.
The action of hot water and limestone
phosphate on an empty stomach
is wonderfully invigorating. It
cleans outall the sour fermentations,
gases, waste and acidity and gives
one a splendid appetite for breakfast
While you are enjoynig your breakfast
the water and phosphate is
quietly extracting a large volume of
water from the blood and getting
ready for a thorough flushing of all
the inside organs.
The millions of people who are
bothered with constipation, bilious
spells, stomach trouble; others who
have sallow skins, blood disorders
and sickly complexions are urged to
get a quarter pound of limestone
nVinsnVintp fvntn rlnifr cfnrfj TViic
VVT..V. V4* -...~
will cost very little, but is su:ificient
to make anyone a pronounced crank
on the subject of inside-bathing: before
TO DESTROY PESTS
Common Pocket Gophers Cause
Great Loss to Crops.
WORK INJURY IN MANY WAYS
Rodents Eat Growing Grain, Cause
Loss of Hay In Digging Burrows,
Ruin Gat-dens and Damage
Trees In Orchards.
(Prepared by the United States Depart*
I ment of Agriculture.)
* ! Pouched rats, commonly called
pocket gophers, are among the most
eerlous of rodent pests l:i most of the
states west of the Mississippi river.
They occur also In parts of Georgia,
Alabama and Florida, in the greater
part of Illinois, and In fiouthern Wisconsin.
Pocket gophers do harm In many
ways. They eat growing grain and
cover much of It with soil. They cause
loss of hay In digging burrows, by
throwing up mounds which prevent
close mowing. These mounds also Injure
much machinery. Their furrows
admit surface water and aid It to wash
out deep gullies on sloping lands. By
piercing dams and embankments tne
tunnels cause costly breaks. The aninr
^ I I
Convenient Probes for Locating PocketGopher
mals ruin gardens anc! Injure field
crops. Besides all this l:hey kl}l trees
lr. orchards and forest plantings by
gnawing off the roots.
Two practical methods of killing
pocket gophers are always possible?
trapping and poisoning. The first
method Is slow, but very effective on
small areas or where bat few pocket
gophers are present; the other Is the
better plan on large fields and for cooperative
work on adjacent farms.
flia nrritnorv atoc-l 'iTflTl TTIfl V bfi
IT UUV V^v U4?u* ^ w?vv ? ;w ~ ~
used successfully for pocket gophers,
much better resdlts can be obtained
with tie special traps for these animals
commonly on the market. In
irrigated districts, wlbere water is
available, flooding the land will drive
out the animals, and they may be killed
by men and dogs. Fumigation of the
barrows with carbon bisulphide or with
sulphur smoke, while often recommended
as a means of destroying pocket
gophers, has been ifotmd extremely
uncertain and costly.
Poison for Pocket Gophert.
To poison pocket gophers, cut sweet
potatoes or parsnips into pieces whose
largest diameter lis less than an inch.
Wash and drain four quarters of cut
baits. Place in a metal p:in, and from
a pepperbox slowly sift over the dampened
baits one-eighth onnce of pow|
dered strychnine (alkal oid) and one
tenth as much saccharine [well shaken
together or ground together in a mortar),
stirring is to distribute the poison
Tunnels of pocket gophers, which
are usually from three to eight inches
below the surface of the ground, may
be readily located by means of a
probe. Any blacksmith can make one
by affixing a metal point to a shovel
or spade handle and attaching an iron
foot rest about 15 or ILfl inches above
the point. By forcing litis instrument
into the soil near the pocket-gopher
workings or a foot or two back of
fresh mounds, one can ifeed the open
tunnel as the point brecks Into it. The
* nnlowro/1 nnH Its strips)
nine may ue cuuu^iu uut*
made Arm by pressing i:he soil laterally
with the probe. A bait or two
should be dropped Into the tunnel and
the probe hole covered. Care should
j be taken to place the baits In the main
tunnels rather than In die short laterals
leading to mounds. Different forms
I of probes have been used successfully
by the biological survey In its demonj
elation work. Two of the better kinds
j are illustrated.
BEST PRACTICE OF MILKING
Where Cows Are Not Stripped Loss of
j One-Half Pound or More May
Occur at Each Time.
Milk each .cow dry at every milking.
If the cows are not milked dry It not
only dries them up, tut It is found
that a loss of milk from such a prac'
tlce may amount to or e-half a pound
or more at each milking. By stripping
a hprd of ten cows after the regular
milkers, the owner may often ob|
tain five pounds of milk at a single
132d Year Begi
Entrance examinations at all the
o'clock A. M. v '
. Four-year courses lead to the B.
medical course is given.
A free tuition scholarship is assij
Spacious buildings and athletic g
excelled library facilities.
Expenses moderate. For terms j
. t , . .
' It takes a long time to build
BUSINESS and I have made
line for twenty years and evei
as well as every repair job \
your money gladly refunded.
' * . "I ' , '
When you are in town ms
-j- . i_
. store ueiure leaving, mi mj
grade merchandise will be intc
do not care to buy.
W. E. JOHf
I / ' '
M The reports
K show progress
H vestment. Strict a
M ing laws, careful
business and hoc
our depositors' i
tial and reli
' great i
r ^ EASY ANO
KILLS LICE, TICKS, FLEAS
EASE QERMS AND
YOU ca 't afford to le
eat your stock alive. Get
follow directions. It will
and give the stock a char
Use It Jn barns, hog pens,
nels?any place where the
KRESO DIP Is a coal tai
water. It does not burn o
does not blister or take the
Jess and does more than a
better Investment than to I
tloks, mite* and fleas and
* the germs.
One gallon rof KRF.SO
when mixed with water,
by the manufacturers, f.ho
* . . T
i's Oldest College
ins September 28.
county-seats on Friday, July 18, at 9
A. and B. S. degrees. A two-year ff*? /
jned to each county of the State. f< yjty
rounds, well equipped laboratories, on- ^
and catalogue, address
. " .. ?;?
A.RRISON RANDOLPH, President.
, ' y.
[ up a reputation in the JEWELRY ? i Vc's
a special study of this particular ' ^
ry article that goes out of my store :v?
must give perfect satisfaction or . i
ike it your business to visit my- - v, fi'j
/tavsAilltr saladfad o+r?/?lr nf Vlio+I II
VCWV4VVW- O ?
(resting for you to see eVen if you . ; '.yy>.
rille, S. C. .
! I _J I
I I s
nts Faith \
i of this bank M
and successful in
dherence to the bank-1
transaction of the B ( '
test consideration of
nterpsts go to make K
a safe, substan- .
able depository. Jm ,
cord justi- (
faith of our
itors *and .. ;
1 SAFE TO U8C. *
!f MITES. FOR MANOE, SCAB,
IES, ETC. DESTROYS DISDRIVES
AWAY FLIES. >
FECTIVE. INEXPEN8IVI. !
t lice, ticks, float and mites
a supply of KRESO DIP and
put an end to the parasltoa
- - t
ice to thrive ana pux on nesn.
chicken houses and dog kaa*? II
>re are vermin. II.
r product. It mlxea readily with
r Irritate llko carbollo aold. It
hair off like kerosene. It oosts .
ny of these. You can't make a
buy some Kreso Dip to kill licet '*
prevent disease by destroying
DIP makea 60 to 75 gallons
Each lot is STANDARDIZED
re'ore always the sams.
r A TRIAL. I
t :/ ' &