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News for t!
IN PUBLIC SCHOOLS
Cottage cheese is ar? economical
meat substitute. It contains a larger
percentage of body-building material
than meat and furnishes it at a
much lower cost. The making of
this kind of cheese furnishes an
economical way of utilizing skim
milk and it can be done on a small
scale with no special equipment.
Realizing these facts, the Department
of Agriculture of Winthrop
College has prepared the following
directions for the use of teachers in
giving a lesson in cottage cheesemaking
in the public schools. Teachers
of the State are urged to work
out this exercise a3 a demonstration
before their classeB.
Two methods are described. In
the first the skim milk is allowed to
curdle naturally, and in the second
it is curdled by means of a junket
The equipment necessary is 2 gallons
of sweet skim milk; 2 cups of
sour milk; two vessels, each of which
will hold a gallon of milk; two vessels
a little larger than the others;
a long-bladed knife; a large spoon;
a thermometer; a piece of cheese
cloth; a piece of muslin; a junket
Directions for natural curdling
method; During the afternoon,
place a gallon of the milk in one of
the smaller vessels and bring it to
a temperature of 75 degrees F.f using
the thermometer to 'determine
the temperature. If the temperature
of the milk is too low, pour hot water
into the larger vessel and place
the one containing milk ig the water.
If the temperature is too high,
use ice to cool the milk. N&ct, add '
, a cup of sour milk to start the souring
process and leave ttfe milk undisturbed
until the next day. As
soon as a firm smooth curd has formed,
cut this curd into cubes an inch
or so in size. Then, place the vessel
in hot water and raise the temperature
of the liquid to 400 degrees F.,
and keep it there for about a half
1 : 2.1? raAM4.
nuur. JLTUrillg me ueaiiug, am gently
from time to time. Next, drain
the curd through the cheese cloth.
In 15 or 20 minutes the curd will
become muBhy. When this occurs,
raise and lower the sides of the cloth to
hasten the draining of the whey.
' When the curd is rather firm and
the whey has nearly ceased to flow,
it is ready for salting. One and a
half teaspoons of salt is the average <
quantity used for the cheese from
a gallon of milk. Sprinkle the salt
over the curd and work it in with!
Directions for the junket tablet
method: Late in the afternoon,
place a gallon of skim milk in a ves-,
sel as before directed. Heat to 80o
F., and hold at this temperature for
5 or 6 hours. Then, dissolve oneeight
of a junket tablet in a table
tents into the milk. Allow th.; milk
to stand until a firm curd has form- '
ed (this will be early the next day).
Without further heating and with
no cutting of the curd, drain through :
the piece of muslin. Cheese cloth is
too coarse for this kind of curd.
After the whey has stopped draining,
press the cloth with the curd
in it between two weights of some |
kind to expell any surplus whey. (
When the curd is about of the same ^
consistency as described for the (
other method, stop the draining of ;
the whey and salt the curd. A finer
curd should result than by the other j
method. - j
Store cottage cheese in earthen- j
ware or glass vessels and keep in a v
cool place. It will not spoil for sev- l
eral days. j
PROGRESS IN DRY FARMING. |
Twenty-four field stations on the ?
Great Plains are now contributing (
valuable information to dry-lai\d 1
farming problems. Five of these sta- ;
tions this year completed a continuuous
record of 10 or more years of i
farm experiments and 11 others had
continuous records of five or more
years. More than 4,000 permanent 1
plats devoted to crop rotations and .
BfcUUitJB Ui. cultural lueuiuus arc nuw i
furnishing records every year. Ree- ]
ords of such extent and continuity <
furnish better evidence concerning j
many fundamental agricultural pro* i
in mi iiiiii iiifliiiiiiiiiiiiinfii iiiiii iiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiniwiiiiiwuiiiiiiiwiiMiiMiiiw?Mww?jnir
blems than has ever before been
available and enables the United
States Department of Agriculture
to advise with increasing assurance
on the questions of adaptation of
crops, the response of crops to cultural
methods, and the agricultural
value and possibilities of each see*
tion represented by the stations.
HANDLING PERISHABLES. S
Fruit and Vegetable Grading Stud*
ied by Bureau of Market*?-Ten.
tative Grade* Worked Out.
Extensive studies in the grading
and handling of fruits and vegeta>
bles were made by the Bureau of
Markets of the United States Ds-|
partment of Agriculture this season,'
and tentative practical grades have
been worked out for apples, peaches,
and strawberries, according to a recent
report of progress from the bureau.
The work has covered the
principal producing sections of the
East, South, and Middle West and
also the mort important markets.
It has included grading, packing,
packing-house construction and
equipment, and the effect of different
methods of handling upon tbs
physical condition of the fruit The
operation of sizing machines and
other labor-saving'devices also were
studied to determine their efficiency
Department Prepared to Make Re*
As b result of this work the department
is now prepared to make
definite recommendations as to grading
and packing these crops, fruit
packing-house plans and equipment,
and general handling methods. Special
attention has been given to apples,
peaches, potatoes, Texas Bermuda
onions, cantaloupes, and tomatoes,
and a study of the various
operations of harvesting, grading,
packing, inspecting, and shipping has
been started on other truck crops.
As a result of these investigations
the Bureau of Markets was able to
recommend immediately, in conjunction
with the United States Food Administration,
on the request of the
Federal Reserve Board, potato grades
for use by member banks when,
in August, the banks were authorized
to make loans against warehouse
receipts for potatoes properly
graded, packed, stored, and insured.
These grades are described
in a publication of the department,
Markets Document 7.
Grades Put to Practical Tast.
\ The tentative grades worked out
in 1916 were put to a practical test
by being UBed as a basis for the actuel
field grading of car lota of onions
and potatoes to compare the
movement and selling price of graded
stock with that which had not
In this work experiments have
been made to determine the efficincy
and practicability of machinery
for sizing these crops. It was demonstrated
that the work may be done
economically and with more uniform
results by the use of machines than
by hand methods. (
POULTRY CLUBS GROWING.
The girls' and boys' poultry clubs, *
first organized in 1912, are being 1
continued in eight States, according 1
to the annual report of the Bureau 1
of Animal Industry, United States 1
Department of Agriculture. '
. In Georgia, Kentucky, Massachusetts,
North Carolina, Oklahoma,
South Carolina, Tennessee, and Virginia
249 counties are organised
with 1,121 clubs and 11,224 members.
In the past year members set
84,171 eggs, hatched over 59,000
chickens, and raised 38,327 matured
fowls. More than $8,000 worth of
poultry products were sold or consumed
at home. The total receipts
nf ?QQ RAR OK nm.
V* yww V??l/ gUT V Ull ?V ViH^V J/1 Wfit
of $14.72 for each member reported.
CHEESE WORK GROWS IN WEST 1
Work to develop cheese manufac- <
ture in the Western States, begun in 1
July, 1916, has resulted in 12 new i
:heese factories, says the annual re- 1
port of the Bureau of Animal In- 1
iustry, United States Department of l
Agriculture. Improvement of the '
milk supply produced a better quali- i
.v/l.v -J* j- r-t'JzAifiiaSiLSjik
ty of cheese and greater yields. One
factory reported that the improvement
of the milk supply alone increased
th net income of chees at J
least |3,000 a year. Possibilities for 1
expansion of cheese work in tfie 1
West are said to be almost limitless, 1
but no effort is being made to en- <
courage the establishment of factor
ies where there are not cows enough '
or where other circumstunces pre- 1
vent successful operations. '
BEEKEEPERS HELP 1
FEED THE NATION 1
Response of beekeepers to appeals 1
to increase honey production, thus ]
helping to meet the food shorta&e, 1
and especially the sugar shortage, <
has been, strikingly large, according '
to a report by the Bureau of Enfco- 1
mology, United States Department
of Agriculture. 1
The honey market news service 1
inaugurated by the Bureau of Mar
kets of tft? depurtment is expeciea j
to curtail speculation and make the
market more stable.
CASEIN FROM BUTTERMILK.
Casein, an essential in the making 1
of paper, and in great demand be- 1
cauae of the failure of imports, may '
be made from buttermillc, says the 1
annual report of the Bureau of Ani- 1
mal Industry, United States Depart- >
ment of Agriculture. Whils the best <
vmH* of euMin si made from wlrim 1
i r. .
milk, improved methods can produce '
from buttermilk a quality only slight ]
ly inferior to the best grsdes. 1
THE NEW WAR FLOUR.
The grocers o:f the city sre ex- c
pscting esrly shipments of the war <
flour which is to be sold exclusively *
later on. This flour is composed of ]
a larger percentage of the bran and <
allows an economical and at the '
same time a healthful broad. t
The flour ia approximately 95 p<sr i
cent or me grain, wnerciore it win x
be considerably darker than the flour
to which the average man ia accus- ]
tomed. The mills began grinding
this new product nearly a month ago.
The flour which was in o rdinary uiie c
was approximately 70 p<ir cent of i
the grain, the bran being taken out t
At present all local grocers are 1
handling the flour which is about *70 1
per cent of the grain and, of course, 1
will continue to handle it until ti e }
supply is exhausted. After that tine i
the war flour will be sold alone. The j
bread made from war flour is said i
to be palatable and is healthful. It j
ia -nearer the "whole wheat" flour cr
Pew plays can boast of the rec- ,
ord held by "Human Hearts," which a
will appear at the Opera House on Q
Jan. 28, (Wednesday), either as a 0
money maker or equal the hold it
has on the amusement loving public.
The play which is in four acts and ^
six scenes is replete with thrilling
dramatic situations and bright a
wholesome comedy and the many g
add characters in "Human Hearts" c
furnish splendid opportunities for
the canable cast that has been en
gaged to portray then. P
The story of the play is woven I
about Torn Logan, an honest young *
blacksmith in the Arkansas Hills, P
who marries a refined confidence d
woman. Things go smoothly enough n
st first but the wife soon tires of
country life and g;eU herself and /
poor Tom into great trouble. The
play will be produced here with its .
full cast and a complete scenic production,
and is brimful of good P
healthy eomedy. f
HOW TO BURN FINE COAL. f
Here's convenient way to use J
the slack and powdered coul?if you tl
ire lucky enough to have even that: f
Mix a half pint of kerosene with a p
peck of coal, then put into small pa- if
per bags or newspaper packages and
how easy it is to get your fire
The classes in Agriculture at Win d
thop make use of the planting table o.
jiven, in their garden work at tl
the college. Teachers in the State L
srill And this a helpful guide in giv- fi
ing instruction in gardening to S
their pupils. It is compiled from a
U. S. Department of Agriculture ^
publication and has been thoroughly lc
worked out for conditions iin South k
EXPANDING ITS BUSINESS
According to a recent announc<
ment made from the home office i
Greenwood, the Abbeville-Greer
tvood Mutual Insurance Compan;
which does a large business in th
rounty, had added another count;
Saluda, to its list of counties, mal
ing seven counties in which it
low doing business, as follows: A1
bevile, Greenwood, Laurens, Mi
Cormick, Edgefield , Lexingto
and Saluda. The company no
lias over two and a half millions c
dollars of insurance in force and
increasing this every week. The con
pany asks for support from the pe<
pie in these various counties n<
Dnly because it is a home enterpris
but because of its record of payin
ill claims during its twenty-fi\
pears of existence, it solid financii
standing and its low rates.?Clinto
IN LOWER HOUS
rhe State, Jan. 18.
Ua?mKami t\f fliA Vi/mian loof
ill ViilUVi O KJJL bUV uvugv lOOV
passed to third reading the resoli
:ion to ratify the federal prohib
tion amendment by a vpte of 60 t
28. Prior to taking this ballot th
louse refused by a vote of 29 to 6
:o place the question in the primar
lext summer. The motion to strik
jut the enacting words of the resc
tition was lost by a vote of 31 t
38. Ratification is likely to tak
place today by the same majority
which was in excess of the conclu:
on-of the body.
Several hours of continuous d<
>ate was indulged in again last nigh
luring which time the martyred ghos
>f State rights was again wildl
italking abroad, accompanied by il
jhantom rival, negro domination o
'quality. Champions of the violate
'issues" exhausted their "munitio
lumps" against an. invincible wa
nachine. The hosts had come, no
? praise, but to bury Caesar.
VEW SCHEDULE ON SEABOARD
The schedule on the Seaboard wa
:hanged last Sunday and the follow
ng is the time oI leaving of th
?lo. 30, due at _12:34 P. B
J* K -+ io.cn t> ti
IVi U UQ .VU X* x\
tfo. 29, due at 3:58 P. J
Co. 12, due at 1:39 A. B
*o. 6, due at 5:30 P. 1
4o. 11, due at 3:45 A. I
*o. 18, due at 10:00 P. 1
^o. 17, due at 5:00 A. S
ABBEVILLE PEOPLE ABROAD.
John M. Denny of Savannah, an
ifiss Lillie Mae Bowie of Donalds
vere married in Columbia Tuesda;
ifternoon by the Rev. A. N. Brun
on of the Washington Street Meth
>dist Church. ?The State. ^
J. T. Simmons was in our offic
i'riday and subscribed to The Pres
ind Banner. He is a farmer and i
;etting rich on high price cotton be
auee he raises all of his supplies.
J. D. Duncan of Route 1, was i
ileasant visitor in our office Friday
le renewed his subscription ot Th
*ress and Banner . He thinks ou
taper is fine and he doesn't want t<
lo without getting all of the lates
away from homi
Rev. D. W. Kellar has been ap
ointed as one of the campaigner
or Anderson district in the cam
aign to raise $300,000 endowmen
or Columbia, Wofford and Landei
olleges. The campaign begins or
anuary 20 and continues through
lie 31st Mr. Kellar will be abseni
rom the city two Sundays, but hi:
ulpit will be- filled by visting min
CUT OFF FROM CIVILIZATION
(Lincoln, Ga., Journal.)
Owing to the fact that Jack Frosl
ied up the Savannah River to t
epth sufficient to carry the wcighl
f a man and successfully blocking
lie ferry boat from making trips
incolnton has been without mail
rom McCormick and points on th?
eaboard for three dyas this week.
A force of men went to work on
[onday cutting a path through the
:e for the ferry, but the severe cold
ept forming ice almost as fast ac
le men worked.
i- New York Americans will play in
i- ten Southern cities, Orangeburg,
;o Greenville, and Spartanburg, being
ie among the ten.
y Canada's Fisheries Mission came
:e to Washington to discuss plans for
)- the conservation of Fish foods in
o the waters adjacent to the two
j- The Atlanta merchants at a meeting
have agreed to pay their emi
ployees on the Mondays that their
t, places are closed by order of the
i} government. \
* The Post says that Maj. Richard
>r Lloyd-George, son of the premier,
d will go to America with Earl Readn
ing, high commissioner in the Unitr
?t ' - .
Marshall Joffree is stated for a
seat in the French Academy among
the forty Immortals. He will /be the
seventh marshall of France on whom
3 such an honor has been conferred.
r" The last one being elected in 1775.
The Hartwell grocerymen are or^
ganizing and from now on will sell
^ their "eats" for cold cash. They say
^ that this applies to bankers also.
^ This move was made on account of
^ the war and the uncertainty of
Orders forbidding all Socialist
propaganda in the - German army
hvae vbeen issued by the German
^ military authorities, according to a
dispatch today from Switzerland.
'' Socialist newspapers are forbidden
y to be sent to the soldiers.
bomb addressed to Gov. William
D. Stephens, mansion at Sacramento,
has been intercepted at the
ferry postoffice. The package contained
several sticks of dynamite.
s The executive mansion was damaged
December 15 last by an explosion
Brazil says that she will not embarrass
her co-belligerents by any
8 premature indorsemnt of peace
r plans Brazil became a belligerent
"I I _ _ . '
bccause Germany brought the war
to America and her action was not
taken for material gain nor marked
by any hatred of Germany.
During the last six weeks the
army remount service has lost 4,777
horses an<^ mules, valued at $83,975,
says an announcement made i
public recently. The great propor- ;
tion of these deaths, it is said, reP
suited from influenza and its comi
} The immediate taking over of all \
. the packing plants in the- United
States will be urged upon President
Wilson by a delegation representing 1
every craft in the industry and head- .
ed by John Fitzpatrick, president of
the Chicago Federation of Labor
|.1 which departed for Washington last
1 __ 1
> In some of the Western States the
, people will be allowed by the Food
[ Administration to eat all meats ex.
cept pork on Meatless days. On ac- 1
count of the high price of foodstuffs ?
i some of the growers have been (
i forced to market their stock. At I
I first beef was included in the meat 1
i to bo saved but , it can be tat?n alio \
. . .
-t - ' ->..i oV;-... ; .. /.:-..v
c_ Representative Long has. introducis
ed a bill prohibiting the writing of
5_ insurance on the life of a child unc_
der 12 months of age.
w The woman's auxiliary of the
>f Episcopal diocese held it's thirtyis
third annual meeting in Union last
5t Governor Manning has appointed
ie J. N. Nathans, of Charleston, a memS
ber of the state board of education
e to succeed J. Rutledge Rivers, of
" Charleston, resigned.
The coal dealers in York were delivering
to their customers last
Tuesday, cannel coal which they had
? obtained from the mines. It burns
almost as freely as rich pine.
if DiiriiKr ifa training spnsnn fhp
L NEWS I
In the surrounding small towias 1
the stores will all be closed onMon-/;
days according to the order of the* -/.
Fuel Administration. Those stores
that ,are really entitled to exemption v
such as the grocery stores. The %
owners figure that the housekeepers ?
can lay in a sufficient amount of . ?
supplies to last over until Tuesday.
The State Farmers Union elected '
J. H. ClafFy, of Orangeburg, &s
president to succeed H. T. Morrison '
of McClellanville, who declined
election. The other officers were re- velected,
J. T: Williams of Sumter;' ^
vice-president \ J. Whitner Reid, of '
Columbia, Sec. and Treasurer; J.
W. Shealey, Executive Committee- %
man for- three years and \T. B,
j Thackston of Orangfeburg, State Organizer.
? ii i vx'/v.
Although Marked progress was
made last week bu'nkerine carfra
p> .v. w
steamer and coal carriers in Norfolk,
Va., the local shipping records
show 127 Vessels -jtill awaiting service
at the local coal piers. All are jjloaded
with cargoes and "ready
get away as soon as coaled.
Mrs. Bettie Ingram, of Pratt City,.';
Ala., widowed mother of GnnnerVMate
Osmond Kelly Ingram, . killed I
October 15, when the destroyer^,
Cassin was attacked by a submarine,1 *
has received the first payment
the soldiers' and sailors' iniuranc?
bureau to the dependents of a ?ol- ; ,
dier or sailor killed yi action. v ;
Leon Trotzky, the Russian Bolihe- ^
viki leader, was in Spain in October
1916. The police thought he was a
dangerous anarchist and they a*- '
rested him and on his release he wa#
made to leave the country. ' ~
? & yifft
The movement' of coal from Pottsville,
Pa., has increased considerably.in
the last week. It is said over
5,000 cars were strung klong tha
mining districts. The railroad hope*/
to break the congestion by the en# /:,
of the week. Vr&SfiP
- . V.. xt.^.
? - T???? ii.i ?
Aicwa uuui JTixna says uiab aaiu^?(>.
from the usual artillery fire there ,
is nothing to report says the war of- \
fice communication. v .f
The salesmen of the American Tobacco
Company will * sell Thrift.
Stamps during this weekk. They ar? <
not to take any orders for tobacco.
Th^re are 1,500 salesmen.. -i
?? ' r
The people of Chicago want thre? r
fuelless days a week instead of onfe
There are 45,000 women wor)cer? /
in the munitions plants in Germany
today. This is an increase of 20,000
since 1914. v j
The whole sale price of butter
has been fixed in Chicago and New'
York by the Food Administration. .
a pound of butter will be 47 centa^ :
until the end of the season which
lasts about two months longer.
The two y<iung men who wer? in
love with the same girl decided to
end the love affair .by fighting a
duel. They both died instantly.
This happened near Stearns, Ky.
Gen. Pershing's forces have be?* .
made weaker by the death of 12 m?n>'
and one unrse.
Henry Ford is to make a .tour of
the South to select a site for th?
shipbuilding yard. Ho will visit
A bill authorizing the president
:o order the registration and drafting
of all males betv/oan. eighteen
md sixty-two to be use! in the conluct
of industries necessary for pro- H|
notion of the war, was introduced
jy Senator McCumber and referred
:o military committee. |H
100,000 Austrians h.ive gone on
i strike. It is said that the demonitration
is Anti-German and also gj
iconomic. Their aims tre for peace. BH
3ublic demonstrations have been
leld in many places and hostility
vas voiced at the Germans for try- flj
ng to makf them continue the war.