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Httaeks and 8ple?.
I after we had silenced
mans sect over gas. It
is unawares, because the
i made to order, that Is,
ng from the German ,
rd ours at the rate of
bs per hour..
d been passed down the |
a sharp lookout for gas. 1
w man at the periscope,
oon in question; I was ;
fire step, el&nlng my j
railed out to me:
lort of greenish, yellow
ilong the ground out In j
I for no more, grabbing ,
ich was detached from i
the alarm by banging
case, which was hang>ri
scope. At the same
:arted ringing down the
tal for Tommy to don
?r smoke helmet, as we
llckly, so yon most not
; yon generally have
or twenty seconds in
your gas helmet
is made of cloth, treatIs.
There are two winres,
in It, through which
tslde there Is a rubberhich
goes in the month,
rough your nose; the
bugh the cloth helmet,
py the action of the
I fonl air Is exhaled
le In the month, this
Instructed that it preIg
of the outside air or
I is good for five hours
I gas. Each Tommy
mem slung around his
laterproof canvas bag.
this bag at all times,
ng. To change a delou
take out the new
ieath, pull the old one
i now nna avoi* mnr
I the loose ends under
)mber8 running here
en turning out of the
pd bayonets, to man
Is were pouring out of
I were busy mounting
I on the parapet and
|a ammunition from
heavier than air and
Inches and dugouts,
|i known to lurk for
I until the air is purllarge
quickly, as Fritz
|the gas with an In
Ion our right was
on his helmet; he
d, clutching at his
a few spasmodic
;st (died). It was
a die, but we were
Sim. In the corner
Be, muddy cur dog,
iy's pets, was lying
s over his nose,
iat suffer the most
a, cattle, dogs, cats
ring no helmets to
ly does not sympai
pa been known to
bsults, fifteen miles
e helmet, as It is
I Is a vile-smelling
long before one gets
Ifrom wearing it
Inders were burstpd,
In an effort, by
disperse the gas
lined with crouch
IilACU, a UU L/ULliUo
(1 the expected atpat
a barrage of
jrman lines, to try
attack and keep
line gun on their
s were faking the
me, bayonets gllsesplrators,
k front, they lookp
ph, rifles and malur
leads. They went "
lew ones took the
| Nothing could
L Tie Germans
Iwlre, which had
[olished by their
Inb against bomb,
Iseemed to burst i
In mv ear. Then 1
n it m
OWENT * * :
?1917 BY '
my head began to swim, throat got
dry, and a heavy pressure on the lungs
warned me that my helmet was leaking.
Turning by gun over to No. 2, I 1
The trench started to wind like a J
snake, and sandbags appeared to be
floating in the air. The noise was horrible
; I sank onto the fire step, needles
seemed to be pricking my flesh, then
blackness'. *>* s
I was awakened by one of my mates (
removing my smoke helmet. How de- <
11 clous that cool, fresh air felt In my !
A strong wind had arisen and dis- 1
persed the gas.
They told me that I had been "out"
?>*?? hftnM than thnncht T WHS
XVI IU1 UVUiO) WW ^0?. ?
The attack bad been repulsed after
a hard fight. Twice the Germans had
gained a foothold in oar trench, bat
had been driven out by counter-at*
tacks. The trench was filled with thf$r
dead and ours. Through a periscope
I counted eighteen dead Germans in
our wire; they were a ghastly sigtttln
their horrible-looking respirators.
I examined my first smoke helmet.
A ballet had gone through it on the
left side, Just grazing my ear. The
gas had penetrated through the hole
made in the cloth. .
Out of our crew of six we lost two.
killed and two wounded.
That night we burled all of the dead,
excepting those in No Man's Land. In
death there is not much distinction;
friend and foe are treated alike.
After the wind had dispersed the
gas tiie R. A. M. C. got busy with their
chemical SDrayera, spraying Qttt the ]
dugouts aud low parts of the trenches
to dissipate any fumes of the German
gas which may have been lurking In
Two days after the gas attack I was
sent to division headquarters, In answer
to an order requesting that captains
of units should detail a man
whom they thought capable of .passing
an examination for the dlvlslonaMnt
el I lgenee department.
Before leaving for thlff adsrgfflhfelif !
I went along the front-Une.4rench.8ayi .'
lng good-by to my mates and lording It
over them, telling them that I ?&d
A Gas Helmet
clicked a cushy job behind the lines,
and how sorry I felt that they had to
stay In the front line and argue out the
war with Fritz. They were envious
but still good-natured, and as I left the
trench to go to the rear they shouted
"Good luck, Tank, old boy; don't
forget to send up a few fags to your
I promised to do this and left
I reported at headquarters with sixteen
others and passed the required examination.
Out of the sixteen applicants
four were selected.
I was highly elated because I was, I
thought, In for a cushy job back at the
The next morning the four reported
to division headquarters for instructions.
Two of the men were sent to
large towns in the rear of the lines
with an easy job. When It came our
turn the officer told us we were good
men and had passed a very creditable
My tin bat. began to get too small
for me, and I noted tbat the other man,
Atwell by name, was sticking his chest
out more than usual.
The officer continued: "I think I can
use you two men to great advantage
In the front line. Here are your'orders
and Instructions, also the pass which
gives you full authority as special M.
P Hotallorl nr> Intolllironpo wnrlr Rp
port at the front line according to your
Instructions. It Is risky work and I
wish you both the best of luck."
My heart dropped to zero and Atwell's
face was a study. We saluted
That wishing us the "best of luck"
sounded very ominous in our ears; If
he had said "I wish you both a swift
and painless death" It would hare been
When we had read our instructions
tve knew we were In for It good and
What Atwell said* is not fit for publication,
but I strongly seconded his
opinion of the war, army and divisional
headquarters In general..
After a bit our spirits rose. We were
full-fledged spy-catchers, because our
Instructions and orders, said so.
We immediately reported to the
nearest French estamlnet and had several
glasses of muddy water, which
they called beer. After drinking our
beer we left the estamlnet and hailed
in empty ambulance.
After showing the driver our passe#
sve got In. The driver was going to the
part of the line where we nad to report
How the wounded ever survived a
ride in that ambulance was lnexplleat)le
to me. It was worse than riding on
ei gun carriage over a rock road.
The driver of the ambulance was a
corporal of the R. A. M. C? and ha
lad the "wind up," that Is, he had an
aversion to being under fire.
I was riding on the seat with him
phile Atwell was Sitting in- the ambuance,
with his legs hanging out of the
As we passed through a shell-deJtroyed
village a mounted military po~
Iceman stopped us and informed the
lrlver to be very careful when We got'
rat on the open road, as it was very
langerous, because the Germans lately
lad acquired the habit of shelling it
rhe corporal asked the trooper if there
was any other way around, and was
informed that there war not Upon
this he got very nervous and wanted to
turn back, but we insisted that he profeed
and explained to' him that he
prtrald get Into serious trouble with his
-'ULUUJeUJUlUg UliiCCi IX us ictuiuvu
without orders; we waated to ride,
From his conversion we learned
that lie had recently come from England
with a draft and had never been
under fire, hence his nervousness.
We convinced Mm that there was not
much danger, and he appeared greatly
When we at last turned Into the open
road we were not so confident On
each side there had been a line of
trees, but now, all that was left of
them were torn and battered stumps,
rhe fields on each side of the road
were dotted with recent shell holes;
uid we passed several in the road It- ,
elf. We had gone about half a mile
when a shell came whistling through
the air and burst: in a field about three f
hundred yards to our right Another
soon followed this one and burst on
the edge of the road about four hundred
yards in front of us.
I told the driver to throw in hl?
speed clutch, as we must be in sight
of the Germans. I knew the signs;
that battery was ranging for us, and
the quicker we got out of its zone of
KaWa? Tha HHmp a t~rpm
UiU U1V AMV *** ? <F?w -%?-r-. .
bllng like a leaf, and every minute X
ixpected him to tfile us np In the ditch.
[ preferred the Gefman fire.
In the back Atwell was holding onto
the straps for dear life, and was singing
at thci top" of his voice:
We beat you at "the Marne, ?*"
We beat you at the Aline,
We save you hell at Neuve Chapelle,
And here we are asaln.
Just then we hit a small shell hole
and nearly capsized: Upon a loud
yell from the rear T looked behind; and
there was AirWeli sitting' In the middle
of the road, shading his fist at us. His
equipment which he had taken off
upon getting lilto the ambulance, was
strung out on the ground, and his rifle
wafl in the ditch.
I shouted- to tlie driver to stop, and
in his nervousness he put t on the
brakes. We nearly pitched out headfirst.
But the applying of those brakes
saved our lives. The next instant
thpra a hllndlnsr ftaoh end a deaf
ening report. All that I remember Is
that I was flylbg" through the air, and
wondering 11 I would land In a soft
spot. Then the' light* wait out.
When I came to, Atwell was pouring i
water on my head out of his bottle.
On the other dlde of the road the corporal
was sitttnir, rubbing a lump on
his forehead with hid left: hand, while
his right arm was bound up in a bloodsoaked
bandage. He was moaning .
very loudly. I had an awful headache
and the skiti on the left side of my '
face was fuH of gravel and the blood
was trickling from my nose.
But that ambulance was turned over
la the ditch and was perforated with
holes from fragments of the shell. One
of the fhmt wheels was slowly revolving,
so I could not have been "out" for
a long period.
The shells wer?( still screaming overhead,
but the bfcttery had raised its
flro and thov wpi* hnrsHnc In n little
wood about half a mile from us.
Atwell spoke up. "I wish that officer
hadn't wished us the best o' luck."
Then he commenced swearing. 1
couldn't help laughing, though my
bead was nlgb to bursting.
Slowly rising to my feet I felt myself
all over to make sure that there were
no broken bones. But outside of a few
bruises and scratches I was all right.
The corporal wob still moaning, but :
more from shock than pain. A shelf
splinter had gone through the flesh of
his right forearm. Atwell and I, from
our first-aid pouches, put a tourniquet
on his arm to stop the bleeding and
then gathered up our equipment.
we realized mai we were iu a uuugerous
spot. At any minute a shell
might drop on the road and finish us
off. The village we had left was not
very far, so we told the corporal he
had better go back to It and get his
arm dressed, and then report the fact
of the destruction of the ambulance to
the military police. He was well able
to walk, so he set off Id the direction
o:' the village, while Atnell and I coqtlnued
our way on foot^
TflthouT ffcrfHeF mrshap we arrived]
at oar destination, and reported to brigade
headquarters for rations and billets.
That night we slept In the battalion
Bergeant major's dugout. The next
morning I went to a first-aid post and
had the gravel picked oat of my face.
The Instructions we received from
division headquarters read that we
were out to catch spiles, patrol trenches,
search German dead, reconnolter In No
Man's Land, and take part in trench
raids and! prevent 1:he robbing of the
I had a pass which would allow me
to go anywhere at any time In the sector
of the line held by our division. It
gave me authority to stop and search
ambulances, motor lorries, wagons and*
even officers and soldiers, whenever1
my suspicions deemed it necessary.':
Uwell and I were allowed to work to-!!
ether or singly?it was left to oar;
sdgmeat We decided to team op.
Atwell was a food companion and
Wry entertaining. He had an utter
Contempt for danger, bat was not foolhardy.
At swearing; he was a wonder.
A cavalry regiment would have been
proud of him. Though born in England,
he had spent several years in
New York. He was about six feet one,
and as strong as an ox.
We took up our quarters In a large
dugout of the royal engineers, and
mapped out our future actions. This '
dugout was on the edge of a large
cemetery, and several times at night
in returning to it, we got many a fall
stumbling over the graves of English,
Preach and Germans. - Atwell on these
occasions sever Indulged In swearing,
though at any other time, at the least
stumble, he would turn the air bice.
A certain section of our trenches
was held by the Royal Irish rifles. For
several days a very strong rumor went
the rounds that a- German spy wan In
our midst. This spy was . supposed to
be dreased tn the uniform of a British
strttf officer. Several stories had been
told" stent an officer wearing a red
hand around his cap, who patrolled the
fWmt-Une and communication trenches
astlhg suspicious questions as to location
of bfctterfefl, machine-gun emplacements,
and trench mortars. If a shell
mm A monlilnA min
uruppcu m n uavici jp vu a iuauuu? 5UM
or even near a dugout, this spy was
The nfmdr gained such strength that
an order was Issued for all troops to
immediately place under arrest an?Kie
answering to the description of tbn
and X were on the qui vive.
We constantly patrolled the trenches
at night, and even in the day, but the
spy always eluded us.
6he day while in a communication
trench, we were horrified to see our
brigadier general, Old Pepper, being
brought down it by a big private of the
Boyal Irish rifles. The general was
walking in front, and the private with
fixed bayonet was . following in the
- We saluted as the general passed us.
The Irishman had a broad grin on his
face and we could scarcely believe our
eyes?the general was under arrest
After passing a few feet beyond us, the
general turned, and said in a wrathful
voice to Atwell:
-? ? * 1 ?T TTaIH
~xeu uub a?11 idui xwuu x aw. uc o i
arrested me as a spy."
Atwell was speechless. The sentry
butted in with:
"None o* that gassln' out o' yon.
Ba<;k to headquarters you goes, Mr.
Fritz. Open that face -o' yours again,
an* Til dent in your nqpper with the
butt o* me rifle."
The general's face was a sight to behold.
He was fairly boiling over with
rage, but he shut np.
Atwell tried to get in* front of the
nentry to explain to him. that It really
iras the general he had under arrest,
but the sentry threatened to run his
bayonet through him, and would have
done It, too. So Atwell stepped aside,
amid remained silent, I was nearly
bursting with suppressed laughter. One
word, and I would have exploded. II
is not exactly diplomatic to laugh al
? ?A nwA^llAamonf
jruur gcuciai iu ouui ? ^icuiviuuv-m
i The sentry and his prisoner arrived
at brigade headquarters with disastrous
results to the sentry.
The joke was that the general had
personally issued the order for the
spy's arrest. It was a habit of the general
to walk through ti e trenches on
rounds of inspection, unattended by
any of his staff. The Irishman, being
new in the regiment, had never seen
the general before, sp when he came
across him alone in a communication
trench, he promptly put Mm under arrest
Brigadier generals i wear a red
band around their caps.
Next day we passed the Irishman
tied to the wheel of a Ember, the beginning
of his sentence of twenty-one
days, field punishment No. u Never
before have I Been such a woebegone
expression on a man's face.
For several days, Atwell and t\ made
ourselves scarce around brigade Jbeadquarters.
We did not want to lmeet
the general. \
. Till spy was never caught. ^
(TO BE CONTINUED.)
Naturalists predict that the 102,000
head of reindeer in Alaska will
increase to more than a million, by
Miss Mary Douthwaite, who enght
years ago entered the employ of
one of the greatest woolen manufacturing
concerns in England as a
stenographer, has now been elected
a director of the firm. A captainess
of industry. ' ^
CALLS FOR 3,0(
(Left) "Brothers fh Armtf'-^-aii tnlii
rendered by the Army Y. M. C. A seer
a Red Triangle hut in Prance. (Lowe
"The leadership of a T. J?. C. A hut
tn France has bigger possibilities of
national service than most of the hank
ind college presidencies and big city
DTiinita in America.**
It was with the above cabled statement
that E. C. Carter, director of the
overseas work of the American Y. If.
C. A. In France, emphasized the seriousness
of his appeal for men sent oat
from Paris headquarters. With all welfare,
entertainment and physical work
and the conducting of the post exchange
stores among our soldiers In
France, England and Italy in charge
of the American T. M. C. A at General
Pershing's request and the French,
Italian and Portuguese governments
appealing for trained American Y. M.
C. A workers to perform a similar
service for their soldiers, it Is obvious
that an enormous number of Red Triangle
men are needed "Over There"
?3,000 new recruits within the next
ninety days, or more Y. M. C. A. see
r^taries than have Deen seni ociudb
during the previous twelve months.
"It Is imperatlTe that we meet our
obligations to the American and Allied
armies," continued Director Carter
in his recent cablegram relayed
to Southeastern War Work council
headquarters of the Young Men's
Christian Association at Atlanta, Ga.
"There are ninety-six important posts
here without sufficient workers. Forty-seven
of them are near the front
and thirty-eight positions are under
Pratt Offers $100,000.00
Herbert Pratt, vice president of the
Standard Oil Company, now in Prance
as an American Y. M. C. A. Worker,
onhied to New York City na
tional headquarters urging that' hundreds
of men be sent at once.
"Carter and staff are doing remarkably
fine work," read Mr. Pratt's car
blegram, "but often are too tired because
of lack of assistants." Mr.
Pratt has offered a personal gift of
$100,000.00 to defray the expense of
sending more secretaries overseas.
To All this crying need, special efforts
are being made by the National
War Work Council at home to enlist
secretaries for service under the Red
Triangle "Over There." Every section
of the coon try has been especial*
ly organized within the past few weeks
for this purpose. Governor Whitman
of New York, 'Governor Rye of Tennessee,
Harry Lauder and Gipsy
Smith, famous British evangelist, are
typical of the type of men heading the
campaign committees and speaking at
mass meetings to enlist Army, and
Navy Y. M. C. A. secretaries.
500 Men Southeast's Quota
Within the next ninety days, from
the seven states of the Southeastern
Department?Georgia, North Carolina,
South Carolina, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi
600 secretaries must be recruited;
- J OAA *AA\
300 for service oveiueaa ?juu *w o?uitlonal
to fill op the gaps in the Army
and Navy Y. M. C. A. forces In the
cantonments and training camps in
the southeast. Dr. W. W. Alexander,
director of the Southeastern Department,
war personnel board, 1? in
cbarge of the campaign in this section
with headquarters at Atlanta, Ga. Recruiting
committees hare been appointed
in every state.
One of the reasons why it is so difficult
to obtain men who are satisfactory
for service abroad is described
by A. G. Knebel, executive secretary
for the War Personnel Board of the
National War Work Council, in a recent
, "Nothing Tame About 'Y' Work."
"Thousands of applicants rejected
Include many who picked out the Y.
M. C. A. as a nice soft branch of war
-['he thousands accepted are
^ v i-o are willing to face hard^
n i ! :iger?often under a rain
' and machine vnn fire.
' ' ' :
the m e. a.
help win war
itad m&B's conception of the- aerrloe '
etary. (tfpper right), Camouflaging
t rights-Army "Y" dugout under
There is nothing tame- about the Red
Triangle work in this world conflict
it is no tajik for a man faint hearted
or of low physical titaHty.'*
Nat every secretary who goes crrer
teas is sent to the front line trenches
?but he may be. ' THe Armjr and
Nary T. M. C. A. follows the flag and
the lighting men of the Allies everywhere
but over the top. The7 man
who goes up to th& trenches pitches
a tent, erects a Sheet iron hut or finds
a deserted building, cellar or dugout
tt which to b^gih work.
Wlll^ Beat His Sons to Prance.
Most "admirable are the ambitions
of many fathers of soldiers and sailors
to enlist for Held Triangle service, and
thus,!' perhaps, meet their sons in
Franco or onthe high sew.. The Personnel
Board has the record of a man
who rtcehtiy safledfor Prahce, who
hai one son an officer and a*other an
enlisted man. He is very proud of the
fact that he will be "Orer There" before
his sons. <
Recruits for American Aifeiy and
Navy 1T. M. CL A. service overseas ?
need be "only ordinary men' and good
Christians/' as described by Dr. Alexander
Of the Southeastern Department
Personnel committee. Mea ot almost
any profession or vocation are acceptable.
but they must be over the draft
age?thirty-one yearsr-^or hare beep
rejected as physically unfit because of
a noticeable defect, such ae a deformity,
loss of eye or limb, which at a
glahee will Classify the secretary.
Absolute loyalty ttS the4-government
and sympathy with the cause of
the Allies lit our fight to the end for
a world Bafts- flw democracy, must inspire
the Red Triangle worker. A
man whose father or mother was born
Wahyof tW countries with which we
are now at war cannot serve overseas.
A secretary cannot be accompanied by
hie wffe. no more thin <Jan an officer.
Redognfced by Military.
Wearing the1 regulation United
States army or navy uniform distinguished
by the Red* Triangle insignia
on the left coat sleeve overseas, bnt
OS this side uniformed' fa olive green
of a cut not unlike the British uniform,
(he Y. M. C. A. secretary has been
recognized as a part of the military and
naval establishment vitally necessary
to the winning of the war. An Amer- <
ican officer recently home from the
French front said: "Three forces will
win this war on land, the army,
tne nea uross ana tne i. m. *j. a.For
full information,' Write to your
Stat* Retfrufltliig Secretary, care Array
and Navy Y. M. C. A. Recruiting Headquarters,
located as follows:
NORTH CAROLINA, CHARLOTTE.
SOUTH CAROLINA, CHARLES
"Clean Up" Week For Red
Triangle Collections In May
Atlanta, Ga., April. ? "Clean Up*
week has been designated from May
1st to 8th. This does not mean the
furbishing up of municipalities or the
date set for burning rubbish in back
yards. It is the date set bj the second
Y. M. C. A. war work campaign fund
organisation in the Southeaster^ military
department for boosting collections
on the last campaign.
In a report by R. H. King, director '
Ul uuauuc 111 IUC ouuiuctwu wweu uu
April 15th, it was shcvwn that 78 per
cent of the collections had been made.
It is his aim to make that percentage
climb to 86 per cent by the end of
"Clean Up" week and local committees
will act accordingly
Two states have already exceeded
the 86 per cent mark; Mississippi and
Florida. Georgia comes next with 71ft*
per cent, the others are as follows:
Alabama, 70; South Carolina, 68;
North Carolina, 68: T^nn^see, 60.
"The mobiliznt'pi <f 1'ars in direct
gifts to bo npp <?> ).''"t>nal defense
is a shor? ' vvtfg
the war," f:- r1 - ' a
when told c ' \
of pushing . . , *
- 1 i ' " '