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Abbeville Press and Banner!
? . .
Established 1844. $1.50 the Year. Abbeville, S. C? Friday, October 25, 1918 Single Copies, Five Cents. 75th Year.
IN THE MIDST OF '
Americans Engaged in
Hardest Test of Pres- i;
ent Offensive. s
GRAND-PRE REGION jc
SCENE OF CONFLICT ~
Huns Resisting for Their Lives With|
Their Backs to the Great Series !
of Woods Behind Them, Which ?
Are Bristling With Machine
With the American Army North- '
west of Verdun, Oct. 23, 5 P. M.? j?
The stiffest fighting of the American; .
offensive west of the Meuse was un-j^
der way today. The line is swaying
back and forth.
In the region of Grand-Pre, on
the western end of the front, the ^
Americans threw back repeated vio- j.
lent German counter-attacks. * \ g
On the northern edge of the Gran-'
Pre the Americans captured 52 pris- ^
-.ers, including three officers. They a
also took eight enemy machine guns, p
W lin tneir u&CKS to a great series ^
of woods, the Bois de Bas. and the r
Bois de Bourgogne included, the j.
Germans are fighting for their lives. r
Prisoners assert that the woods are
literally full of machine guns and ;
guns of heavier calibre, and these s
prisoners have expressed the opinion ^
that the Americans can never cap- c
ture Bourgogne and the woods to
the northwest. ! p
The American troops fought all f
Wednesday in the face of machine n
gun fire from Talma farm to Hill 0
220 northwest of Grand-Pre. Upon v
the slopes to the north of Grand- J <]
Pre the German machine gun nests
extended from Hill 204 to Belle-|c
jouse farm. j a
North of Campiegneulle several j v
light attacks by the Germans were i p
repulsed. In one instance some,
Germans were wounded and two a
were captured. These men came c
forward calling "kamerad." Then ;;
opened fire with rifles which had e
been strapped on their backs. Light j
forces of infantry attacked immedi-j fc
ately afterwards, when the Ameri- j c
cans refused to rush forward in re-! v
sponse to the "kamerad" trick. U
Along the same part of the frontj f
the Germans are using light rolling o
machine guns, moving from place't
to place, particularly at night, with' n
the object of concealing the posi- c
tions of their heavier guns. The
r<?_i.:n o !
vrcjLuiau ncavy aiuueiy diieueu OUHJ-IC
merance and other towns in that 11
region and as far as the Meuse; n
drenched the woods within the Am-1 ii
erican lines with gas at intervals. J a
An early morning mist and smoke | s
screen assisted the Americans, who j s
advanced for a distance of about; f
two-thirds of a mile at certain points:
and gained positions of advantage a
including ridges on either side of a
Grand-Pre. During the day the Am- v
ericans took 200 prisoners, and oth-jt
ers are now coming in. t
The Germans are using for the n
most part machine guns and light
artillery with plenty of gas. The;
enemy machine gun nests were
ponded all day by the American ar- j(
tillery and by bombing machines, !*
but the Geimans apparently had dug P
in against shells.
SERVICE FLAGS. C
The Abbeville Chapter U. D. C. c
has ordered two service flags to r
hang in the Court House, in honor '
of the brave soldiers of Abbeville P
county, and Mrs. P. A. Cheatham,
President of the Chapter, asks that ]'
each one who wishes a star put on a
the flag for some loved soldier, will c
- ?nd his name and 5 cents to Mr. s
T. S. Cochran, or to her. It is asked ii
that this be done as soon as possible, v
as the chapter is desirous of un- e
furling these flags, one for the b
white soldiers, and one for the color!
ed, as soon as possible. j
Luxemburg May Join
Allies After War
URNISHES IRON FOR MUNITIONS,
WILL CUT LOOSE FROM
Washington, Oct. 23.?Luxemurg,
from which Germany is drawng
iron for munitions, will cut itelf
free from German domination
nd join the allies after the war, acording
to diplomats here today. Alied
military succosies may maVe
his possible earlier^
Information leading to this conlusion
has been received in official
quarters here. it. is stated.
After the war Luxemburg will be
1. An independent state under
iro^ection of the league of nations,
2. A province of Belgium adoining
Nominally an independent grand
luchy, Luxemburg has been held
assal by Germany for years because
if her extensive iron mines which
lave fed the Krupp munition ftc
ories and made possible Germany's
Misled by a pro-German court,
he people of Luxemburg have no\\
ippealed to President Wilson foi
irotection and have demanded thai
he German armies evacuate her teritory
which was overrun at the outbreak
of the war in violation of s
Popular resentment was long hel<J
n check by the grand duchess, whc
anctioned the marriage of her sis
er to Prince Rupprecht, Bavariar
Hut dispatches here indicate the
larliament is striving to cut loo3
rom Germany and join the allies,
They have demanded an explanation
if the marriage allying their court
irith that of the kaiser. Popular inlignaticn
is high, reports indicate.
Luxemburg contains a percentage
>f French and Belgian population
tnd French is spoken among tl\? edicated
classes and dominates the
>easant dialests, experts say.
Germany signed treaties in 1867
ind in 1902 guaranteeing neutrality
?f Luxemburg and promising not to
ise her railroads for troop movenents.
But without a seaport, Luxemturg
was forced into the German
ustoms union and German tariffs
yere exacted on all goods coming
. i__ t_ j m. _
nto ner Doraers. one was tnus
orced into economic dependence
n Germany, having few manufacurers
and being forced to take Gerlan
goods in exchange for iron,
oal and farm produce.
Allied military successes have enouraged
parliamentary leaders in
Luxemburg to protest against Gerlan
usurpation. The tiny country
s without a large military force
nd will be helpless to defend herelf
against Germany until allied
uccesses push the kaiser's hordes
rom her border.
Her vast mineral resources and
gricultural products will be of great
id to allied peoples nearby and she
rould in turn have better access to
he sea by obtaining free passage
hrough Belgium and France, diplo
nats point out.
Sheriff Burts has received the folowing
telegram, which means that
he quarantine will not be lifted for
ome days still:
"A careful analysis of the influnza
situation throughout South
Carolina indicates the necessity of
ontinuing the present quarantine
egulfitions in force at least ten days
ongcr. Under authority of para;raph
1G14, South Carolina code of
n.ws, you are directed to maintain
iresent quarantine status in the
roa under your control as regards
losure of schools, churches, picture
hows and all places of public meetiiff
until November 3, unless otherrise
instructed by this office. No
xception modifying this order will
(Signed) "James A. Hayne,
"State Health Officer."
OVER TWO MILLION :
GO FROM THE U.S.
j Correspondence Discloses
Number of Soldiers
HAVE ONE COURSE"
German Request For
Armistice Sent to Allies.
NOTE OF WARNING
Declares That if Autocracy is to Be
Dealt With Now or Later Only
Surrender Will Be Effective and
Cessation of Fighting Must
j President Wilson has answered
j Germany's latest note regarding
j peace. In brief, he informs Germany
j that the only armistice he would
l feel justified in submitting for conj
sideration to the allied governments
i would be one which would put the
11 United States and the allied powers
! in position to enforce any arrangelj
ments that may be entered into and
| to make a renewal of hostilities on
' the part of Germany impossible.
. To this end the president has
.1 transmitted his correspondence with
J the present German authorities t%
j the allied powers.
I "Not peace negotiations, but sur;
render," will be the dema^d^if the
United States has to deal with the
'military masters and the monarchij
cal authorities of Germany.
^1 The allied armies in France and
Belgium are still driving the Ger,
mans toward their border but the
k process is now comparatively slow.
| On the sectors that are requisite
I to the stability of the entire German
line?where a crash through probI
ably would mean the immediate ?olj
lapse of the whole of the defensive
,1 system?the most stubborn ' resisti
ance is being offered by the enemy
J and what gains are being made by
I fhp nllipQ nrp virfnnllv font. hv frtrvJ
j in the face of the hornets of the
r| battle line?the machine guns.
r Americans Face Picked Men.
, Particularly vicious fighting is in
progress west of the Meuse River,
where the Americans in their en,|deavor
to overcome the natural obl!
stacles barring the way northward
! to Sedan, are faced by picked troops
. I with orders to hold them back at all
J costs; in the region from Le Cateau
. I to the north of Valenciennes where
.ithe British and some Americans
, I gradually are tearing their way
J through the enemy front between
I Tournai and Audenarde, where the
. I British also are hard after the enei
Notwithstanding the frantic en
deavors of the enemy to maintain
, their positions on all three of these
. sectors, material progress has been
i made. Likewise, northeast of Laon
i the French on an eight mile front
j have delivered a thrust that carrier!
i them forward from two to three
miles. Into the hands of the BritJish
have fallen 2,000 more Germans
i j while the Americans west of the
i'Meuse also have gathered in num,i
bers of the enemy and a consider
able quantity of his guns.
| Nests of machine guns are being
| encountered by the Americans as
1 they attempt to press forward along
the front from the Meuse to the
, town of Grand-Pre situated north of
| Grand Pre situated north of the Argonne
forest, but in spite of these
obsticables they have taken further
ground and at last accounts were
, steadily keeping up their pressure
against the enemy. Extremely heavy
counter-attacks have been successfully
sustained north of Grand
Pro nnrl nil this: KPP^nr nnrtiflllflV
trong consentrations of enemy artillery
fire have gone almost for
nought. On the western hank of the
Meuse the town of Breuilles has been
taken, the enemy having burned and
evacutated it and retreated in the
general direction of Dun.
i Mr. Frank W. Wilson of Watts,
|\vas here Wednesday on business.
LETTERS EXCHANGED BETWEEN
WILSON AND BAKERI
Secretary Feels Proud and Thankful
of the Results Obtained. Losses
Exceedingly Small Considering
Size of the Force Transported.
I; Wahington, Oct. 23.?Embarka-;
,'tion of 2,008,931 American soldiers
> i I
r ] to participate. in the war overseas,
jj was disclosed by correspondence be-(
| tween Secretary Baker and President
, | Wilson given out at the White House
,1 tonight at the same time that the
.' President's reply to the German note
i was made public by the state depart-1
,1 "I am sure that this will be a mat!
ter of deep gratification and assur-;
j ance to the country", said the Presi-^
! dent replying to a letter from Secre-'
| i # J
! tary Baker reporting on the number,
; of men who have sailed from American
ports to October 21.
I The correspondence follows:
I "War Department, Washington,
'j October 22, 1918.
f TIT Art* 1VT ??
it a v j-/cat iTj.1. i icsiucub.
t "More than 2,000,000 American,
j soldiers have sailed from the ports
j in this country to participate in the
'j war overseas. In reporting-this fact
! to you I feel sure that you will be
' i interested in the following data j
j showing the progress of our military'
j "In my letter of July 1, 1918, I in-,
'i formed you that between May 8,|
'(1917, and June 30, 1918, over a mil-j
I lion men had either been landed in,
i France or were en route thereto, j
'l Since July 1, 1918, embarkations by,
'] months have been as follows:
i "July 306,185; August 290,818;
j September 261,415; October, 1 to 21,
li 131,398. Total 989,816.
>i T?l,r 1 1Q1Q 1 mo J
| JLJiuuaii\cu tu u uiy x,
1115. Grand Total 2,008,931.
'! "In our overseas oprations I feel
j that we have good reasons to be
] proud and thankful of the results ob-.
tained. Our losses have been ex-j
1 ceedingly small considering the size'
of the forces transported, and this is j
due to the efficient protection given j
American convoys by the naval forc-i
1 es. We also have been greatly as-!
1 sisted in the despatch of troops a-|
: broad by the allocation of certain!
i vessels from our allies principally,
i those of Great Britian.
"Newton D. Baker
"Secretary of War."
'i TVifl rvresi dent's renlv follows:
i "The White House, Washington,
October 22, 1918.
"My Dear Mr. Secretary:
'I am very glad to have your let';ter
of this morning reporting that
j more than 2,000,000 American sol!
diers have sailed from the ports of
i this country to participate in the
i war overseas. I am sure that this
will be a matter of deep gratification
and reassurance to the country
; and that every one will join me in
congratulating the war and navy de.
nartment upon the steady accomplishment
in this all important application
of force to the liberation
of the world.
"Prtt /li'ollr orirJ e in^ovolv T'AllVC
"Hon. N. D. Baker,
"Secretary of War."
RAILROAD MEN GIVEN
MORE POLITICAL LEEWAY
Washington, Oct. 2-1.?Employes
of the national railways today were
fjiven more leeway to engage in poli
tics. 'Modification of the anti-politics
order of the railroad adminis'
tration bearing the approval of President
Wilson was announced by Dij
rector General McAdoo.
Planned By Allies
ONLY TWO PLACES ON WEST
FRONT WOULD MAKE FIGHTING
With the American Forces Northwest
of Verdun, Oct. 23.?Unless
they are saved by their plea for
peace, the Germans will be subjected
to steady hammering along the great
er part of the western front throughout
the winter. Indications are
that it is not intended to give them
a breathing spell, notwithstanding
It is pointed out that decreased
activity would enable the Germans
to recuperate to such a degree as to
make certain" a prolongation of the
struggle. During previous winters
the enemy has been able to rest up
his forces and replenish his supplies,
especially ammunition, and there is
no reason to believe he would not
avail himself of the same opportunity
now and to a much erreater ad
There are two places on the front
where it is conceded that military
operations during the winter will be
virtually impossible, but American
officers insist that 75 per cent of
?he front offers no real obstacle to
a continuance of the fight. It is not
questioned that operations will be
slowed down, but, even so, the advantage
will be with the attacking
side, especially since it is known
that German material is growing
Last winter was much more severe
than is ordinarily the case and those
responsible for plans of campaign
calculate that, by the laws of averages,
the coming winter will be milder.
It is indicated that the Americans
are settled indefinitely into
their present positions and their part
in the general program is well defined.
It is to be expected that they
will continue to deliver short
smashing jolts against the pivotal
center of the long sweeping line. The
big gains made between the American
front and the sea are conceded
to have been due in large measure to
the menacing demonstration by the
Americans and by the enforced employment
by the Germans of thirty
divisions here. The enemy will be
compelled to continue to mass forces
of men and materials in front of
General Pershing's troops at the expense
of other places, because to
fail to hold the line between the
Meuse and Grand Pre would endanger
an enormous area.
The spirit of the Amercians is unbroken
by the determined opposition
of the Germans and both officers
and men speak confidently of
the day when they will break through
to tj?e vital connecting road extending
westwardly through Stenay.
Daily counter attacks by the Germans
reflect the desperate character
nf their defense. Rugged, wooded
hills which serve as natural aids are
supplenmented by the most elaborately
prepared series of defenses
on the western front. Around the
Viirr ovn fVin Unno n-f vfleiefon/^o nr\v?_
verge as they approach Verdun. In
front of the Americans they are almost
within rifle shot of each other.
HAPPY SEAL SHOT.
Lewis Seal, the young son of Mr.
and Mrs. Sam C. Seal, was painfully
injured by a gunshot wound on Wednesday
afternoon. He and Hal
Mfore, son of J. Howard Moore,
went out in the Long Cane
section hunting, and in some way
the shot gun which Lewis carried
w-.s aceidently discharged, the load
passing across the right breast and
making an ugly wound near the
right arm pit.
The physicians were unable to
vpnnli nn an/nirnfrn pnnnlncirm oc
the extent of the wound further
than to satisfy themselves that none
of the bones were injured. They
feared however that some of the
M.-cles might have been torn, and
Lewis was taken to Chester for a
ALLIES PREPARING 1
MOVE OF MOMENT
i Indications of Major
Attack to Come
! ... :.<m
FRENCH ARE HITTING
HARD BLOWS EVERYWHERE "
Hammering at Flank of Position
Before Which American Army
| Now Stands?American Thrust
to Follow Release of First
Washington, Oct. 23.?Further indications
of an impending major atI
tack by the America armies on the
| m - ij;
Verdun front came today in reports
of fierce fighting around Vouziers,
where the French are hammering at
the flank of the forest position which
; appears to have been holding up the .
general American mnvfvm pnt.. Offi
cial German reports show the intensity
of the fighting and admit advances.
There is little doubt that "i
the enemy views the action as of
The line here forms almost a right . I
angle with the French forces which.
have crossed the Aisne heading east- ^
ward through the hilly and wooded
region north of Grand-Pre. The Americans
stand along the base of the
I angle heading northward into the
same difficult territory and the fighting
today indicated a pincer movement
to force the enemy out of the
completely into the open ground be;
If this is accomplished, the left &
flank of General Liggett's American *
First army will be released and ob- . j
servers here feel confident that an ' *
American thrust possibly covering - -r'
' the whole American front on both
' sides of the Meuse will shortly follow.
The objective of such thrust
I would be primarily, it is said, the
smashing of the German left flank
between Metz and Sedan.
I WHAT STYLE WILL DO.
i , ' 4
i In giving the subscriptions to the
Fourth Liberty Loan, the New York
Times gives the Butterick Publishing
i Co., as subscribing for three hun- r J
i dred thousand dollars worth of
bonds; The Pictorial Review two
hundred and fifty thousand; the
| Home Pattern Co., forty f.heusand; *
' and McCall's, forty thousand dollars.
SURE BUT WILLING.
i Len White, five years old, lives
across the street from Son Bill.
: Since the flu got Bill his only view
of the outside has been through the
front window. He watched young ' $
Len rolling up a pile of leaves "bigger
than hisself" Wednesday afternoon,
and when we got home from
a hard day's work down town, he \
told us that Len was "a sure but
i HELPING OUT.
! Several of the farmers of Abbe -3
ville County came to the assistance
of the canvassers for the Fourth
Liberty Loan and by good subscriptions
helped to put us across. Among
the most liberal of these subscribers
were: Mr. James A. Gilliam with
$7,000, Mr. C. D. Thomas with
S3,000, Mr. Joe Hill with $3,000, '
Mr. Henry Hill with $2,000, Mr. L. j
A. Jackson with $2,000, and Mr. I.
A. Kellar who took $1,500.
CHARLEY ARMOUR WOUNDED
Mr. .1. R. Glenn has received a
postal from "Chas. E. Armour, dated
.Scntenrlier 00th. saying that he is
wounded and is in a Base Hospital,
hut that he is doing '.veil. Mr. Armour
is well remembered in Abbeville
as one of Glenn's popular
salesmen. I'e went over with tha
Thirtieth Division and has been in
l!u' thick of the fight until he waa