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GOV. R. A. COOPER'S I
Sensible and to the Point is <
the Address Made by Gov. Cooper t
Tuesday Promises General As- 3
sembly That He Will Be Perfectly
Cw'ambir. .\;n."21.?Following ? is t
?- - * Al.- - An V
the i mpie ext 01 wie auurco^
'live. :.l by C'_ -.'Robert A. Cooper, at t
the State Houae today, to the General o
' Assembly, following his taking the: C
oath required by the Constitution tojs
uphold and defend the laws of the 11
State of South Carolina: j c
Mr. President, and Gentlemen of the "
General Assembly: n
By authority of the qualified elec- e
tors of South Carolina as given at the ^
ballot box, I am here to assume thep
duties of the office of chief executive
of the State. I would be false ^
to my feelings if I do not on this'
occasion express my sincere gratitude i a
to the people for the honor which; ^
they have so generously bestowed j
upon me. If I fail to meet their ex-;
pectations in rendering efficient and;
effective service, I shall at least make ^
an honest effort to justify the con-J *
fidences of afflictions. I believe firm-' *
% ! v
ly In the democratic doctrine, that ^
public office is a trust, and that no
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public servant has a right to use power
and authority temporarily entrust-' ^
ed to him for apy purpose other tha'n
to promote the general welfare, pror-j!
perity and happiness of the people^,
whom he serves. The oath of office
which I have taken does not permit ...
fe to be governor of a part of the
people, or to attempt to be the rep- f
reseV>tative of any faction or party. ^
In entering upon the duties of the r
office I therefore, in this presence,'
most solemnly, declare so far as it a
is humanly possible I shall forget' ,
tjiat any division has ever existed ^
N among the democrates of South Car- .,
olina, and shall certainly not consider j
that any now exists. It is natural ,
that we shall differ as to measures,1 ?
f,- i F
and as to method, but mv a&oeal is .
L. ; for a unity of purpose. I do not ex-j ?
pect that you shal lapprove every | c
v ?Ttflr??<?"tjon I may make ,or agree with' j,
. my views on every public question, i v
You are bound by your oath of office e
,n ' to exercise your own judgment-- in
. passing on the "various questions
which will come before you from
time to time. But while we may
disagree as to specific measures nec-|;
essary for the accomplishment of a <5
common purpose, we are certainly. ^
I' agreed in the desire to enact such ?
laws,and to adopt such policies^ as (.
will promote the best interest of all j *
tv1 : 1
the people of the state. - 10
Will Be Perfectly Candid. j A
It' is my purpose to deal with the t
Legislative Department with perfect p
candor. Ishall take you fully into '
s ;ny confidence on all matters, and t
recommend for your consideration t
such legislation as seems to me wise t
and worthy of your serious thought, g
You will find me as ready to receive a
as to offer suggestions.- If the peo- a
pie-of South Carolina are to have at c
this time the service from us all that v
is sorely needed there must be ab-' y
solute harmony and perfect under- c
standing between the executive and
legislative departments. I cannot p
hope to accomplish anything of a o
substantial nature without the sup- c!
port of the c^neral assembly. No a
Legislature, in my opinion has ever t
assembled in South Carolina with t
jrre'atsr opportunities, and more t
grcve responsibilities than that which y
faces vou todav. We are a nart of :
the greatest governfent in the world. ^
We have just emerged from the ?
greatest upheaval the world has ever ?
known, and thoughftul people every- "
where are thinking of the problems
of peace, qf the matter of readjust- f
ing ourselves, both as states and
individuals, to new and changed con- t
ditions. The world as never before
is looking to America for leadership, n
If this is an indestructable union of a
states the standard efficiency of the
general government can be no better :
than hte average efficiency of the *
several states. > !
Lessons of the War.
The war ended as we wished it to eac!.
It ended as right, justice, and "
the interest of humanity demanded it 7should
need. If the fruits of victory *
are to be saved to us, we must now ?
. lay the foundations for a world peace >
with its varied and intricate problems.
It seems to me that the first step
in this program is a mental readjustment
of ourselves. We should so
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liscipline our minds as to be able to
hink on every question with that
pirit of sacrifice and disinterested-!
ess of purpose which characterized
rar people in time of war. Let us
naintain the psychology of -war in
ime of peace. Only in this way can
v*e approach every question wit'i
hat breadth of view and singleness
-f purpose necessary to enable' us to
COOPER'S ADDRESS? Galley ?2
ee conditions as fiey really exist |
1 J 1 1?_V 1? I
inoDSCureu uy senisix wi a puiciy iual
interest. Our aim must be to
:ive, and not to receive. The comlon
good, and not a personal interst
must be our concern. Do you
ave a feeling of anxiety about the
mmediate future? Do you expect a
eague of nations, so much talked of
oday, to give us a permanent peace?
3very right thinking persons want
peace of this character. Will we be
.ble to establish) it i3 the vital ques
ion of the hour. Representatives of
lie principal governments of the
rorld are now in Paris to agree on
ieace te'rms. But the question of a
iermanent peace depends on the atitude
of the governments of the
irorld towards one another. The ten ]
lency throughout the world is ce#
ainly toward the American idea that
.11 power and authority is vested in
W A /lonnnf fV?a!
tv v v>Hituvv uuw
satriotism of our people. Their wilingness
to sacrifice and serve has
ieen recently demonstrated that no
uestion can arise along this line, but
he preparedness of our people to
nset the issues of the hour may be
[uestioned. The serious problems of
oday can be traced t^irectly to the
:eglected duties of hte past. Could
re have realized ten years ago that
t world war of immense magnitude
i-as a real danger, we would have
ieen so well prepared to meet the
ssue that no war would have come.1
f we can now be made to realize th?
[angers that threaten us in time of
ieace, that Bolshevism, anarchy and
ommercial greed .which naturally j
ollow in the wake of war are not1
onfined to European Nations, but
3 a real issue in America as well, we
fill no longer delay the adoption and
xecv^ion of a program of prepared J
tess which should have been carriet j
ut years ago.
During the canvass of the stat !
^st summer I stated repeatedly tha !
South Carolina could no longer postone
the adoption of an educational
irogram which meets the demands of
re presnt,' and adequately provides
o rthe future. This I regard as the
re essential thing for this General
L^sembly to do. I am aware of that
his has been the favorite theme of
loliticians in all of our camnnioms in
X' ?-to"- *"
he past, and that it is expected of
he Governor in his inaugural addres
o have quite a good deal to say on
his "important subject." But gen j
;lemen I beg you to believe that j
m not approaching the subject as
. matter of form, or as following a
ustom. I wish to submit to you seme
ery definite propositions, and urg3
our most serious and thoughtful
I recommend the passage cf an r.c;
roviding for a minimum school term
f seven months for every schocl
istrict in the state, and an rmcncient
of the present compulsory at
andance law so as to require the at
endance at school of all children bevveen
the ages of eight and fourteen
ears during the minimum school
mi.!. y * ? ' '
cx-iii. mis age nmt snouid De raisd
to sixteen years within the near
uture. It is useless, however, to
rovide for a minimum school term
nd a compulsory attendance law
without adequate provision for enorcement.
It must be made the duty
f someone in each county to see that
lie compulsory attendance provision
3 enforced. It isn't necessary for
le to urge the importance of school
ttcndance . A parent, guardian, or
ther person having the custody and
ontrol of children who neglects or
sfuses to erive such children thp oH.
cntional advantages offered by the
tate, is not exercisng parental auhority,
but denying to the children
;ho are to constitute the future citienship
of this state that light an
;no\vlcdge which is essentially neccs?.ry
for the future well-doing of the
late, as well as the best interest of
he children. Military training was
ompulsory in itme of war. If we
irculd avoid conditions that lead to
(Continued or Page Six.) . j
THE whitening bones of millions
of massacred men, women and
children are strewing the plains
i of Asia Minor from the Blaok Sea to
the Persian Gulf. ,
In a single day's travel, an American
relief, worker saw the mutilated corpses
of more than five thousand outraged
I women, piled by the roadside.
- Thousands of living babies have been
hurled into the rushing tides of the
Euphrates, the Tigris and other rivers.
From the town of Harpoot eighteen
thousand persons were deported, mostly
women and girls. Deported?driven for
endless miles over mountains, plains,
I deserts in bitter cold and parching heat.
Their mounted guards, ex-convicts,
, - criminals, ruffians of the lowest order.
At the end of sixty-four days the
suryivors, one hundred and eighty-fiveout
of the eighteen thousand, staggered
into a town hundreds of miles from
where they started. Covered only with
rags they were shuddering skeletons,
half dead of their suffering, half blind
I with starvation. ,
' Of the others, some died of privation
and hardship, some starved to death,
some were eaten by wild beasts. God
alone knows how the rest came to an end
at the hands of worse than wild beasts.
- The story cf Karpoot is the story of
Fftt- fViA honor of America we canno
I have passed through unnameable hells <
past. But before God we are respons
ible for the rebuilding of these race
Every dollar subscribed
goes to the Relief
All expenses are pri- AMERICAP
* All funds are cabled 1^
) through the Depart- /ri . .
ment of State , (Formerly A
All funds are distributed
through U. S.
IL Consuls or American
Our Government is pre- ^
vented from giving aid
The Red Cross is not
organized for Relief
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: for their Future ,
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hundreds of towns;Jin~the Near East In ^
wretched groups,the survivors are strag- ^ <;
gling in from the deserts. Armenians, '?*' '*&
Syrians, Greeks, Jews, bringing disease,
famine, woe as they come. ' 1
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"' " -?-?>? : J* "V J
There are four. million of these ref- ?1 11 w
ugees. They have not even a crust of t
bread unless we provide it and four
hundred thousand of them are orphaned
children, little more than babies, helpless,
resourceless, hungry. Seventeen
cents a day, five, dollars a month, sixty .
dollars a year will keep the breath of life
in one of those emaciated bodies.
tf ? .* flit V/'V'-'V /*.* 1. ' ' < ? - " .... ^ t.,l
If this were the end of the story, u
appeal would be useless. Turko-Ger- I [I
man fiendishness would maKe aia |. i
almost unavailing. . *
But these oppressed peoples have been
freed from Turkish rule, through the
victory of the Allies and* America.
They need only our help for a little
time to re-jestablish themselves as selfsupporting
nations. : t
It will take thirty million dollars to care '
for their immediate needs in food and
onH hnv tnnls farmimolements. I:
seeds, live stock to put them on a self- 13
supporting basis within the year. ^
This is the work we have to do?
to raise that thirty million dollars? j g
and to raise it now before the sur- 11
vivors perish. j >
t let their misery go unheeded. They 3
)f suffering. We [cannot blot out their
ible for their future?we are respons- ft
8. This is our work. Are you ready? L
4 COMMITTEE FOR RELIEF I
[ THE NEAR EAST I
jnerican Committee Armenian-Syrian Relief) 1
' A <
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