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Abbeville Press and Banner j
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Established 1844. $2.00 the Year. Tri-Weekly Abbeville, S. C., Wednesday, Aug. 3, 1921 . - Single Copies, Five Cents, 77th Year;
TALKS OF TAXATION
' SUGGESTS THAT LEVY BE MADE
ON BANK CHECKS, INCREASED
POSTAGE, FLAT RATE FOR
f AUTOMOBILES AND TOBACCO.
Washington, Aug. 2.?A tax of two
cents on bahk checks, a flat license
tax of $10 on all automobiles, irrespective
of cost or horsepower, an increase
of first class postage rates to
three cents and an added levy on
cigars, tobacco and cigarettes are understood
to have been among tax revision
suggestions presented today by
Secretary Mellon to the House ways
and means committee, meeting in
Other suggestions were said to
A reduction of 50 per cent in transportation
tqxes, both passenger and
freight, next year and their elimination
+Via vear followiner. /'
Repeal,of the taxes on soda fountain
drinks and ice cream.
Repetd of the excess profits tax and
elimination of the'$2,000 exemption
on corporation's incomes.
, Increase of the normal income tax
^ ^on corporations from the present 10
per cent to 15 per cent.
Elimination of the income surtax
brackets above 40 per cent with the
surtax rates on incomes ranging from
$6,000 to $50,000 increased.
The revenue bill as revised in accord
with these suggestions would be
designated to raise approximately
v four billions of dollars next year, it
. -was said. Mr. Mellon's memorandum
embodying his views was withheld,
but Chairman Fordney pormised to
make it public tomorrow.
Representative Garner, of Texas;
ranging Democrat member of the
committee, attacked the Treasury
Secretary's proposals, declaring that
every one of them constituted a
"shifting of the tax burden from the
classed to the masses."
Mr. Mellon was said to have estimated
government expenditures for
next year at $4,675,000,000, but
Chairman Fordney said this was de_
pendent upon how much of the $500,_
000,000 due the railroads would have
< to be advanced out of the Federal
Treasury, the cost of operating the
government merchant fleet and the
size of expenditures for the army and
Aside from internal taxes, the
Treasury Secretary was understood tc
have estimated customs receipts foi
next year at $450,000,000 and miscellaneous
rep.eints. inclnHin? rbIvhc#
at $350,000,000. He was said to have
I ' figured that the $10 license tax ?a
automobiles would bring in $100,009,
000 and that added levy on cigars^tobacco
and cigarettes an additional
- $25,000,000. Increased postal rates
have been estimated to yield another
$75,000,000 but the estimate as tc
the income from the proposed tax on
bank checks was not disclosed.
The loss ff revenue through reduction
of the transportation taxes has
been placed at approximately $150,000,000.
After the committee had heard Mr
Mellon, Internal B6venue Commis?
- ? sionejj Blair, Dr. T. S. Adams, Treas
. ^ary tax experts and4>??$rnscai om
cers of thje government* ;CJ?iimM
v.- * Fordney reiterated his statement oi
last Saturday that he believed the nation's
tax bill could be cut $500,000,000
and the government run for foui
billion dollars a-yHar.
Representative Garner said thai
government expenditures in excess
of that sum next year would be s
"wilfnl nn<>1rai1 woofs ftf fiinili
wholly indefensible." He asserted
that the Federal establishment could
be run for $3,500,000 adding thai
Representative Madden of Illinois, the
new chairman of the appropriations
committee had declared in an address
that this sum should be sufficient.
\ Before the committee heard the
Treasury experts, the Republican
members were in conference with Mr
FOR MISSING MONEY
Express Company Officials Woulc
Solve Mystery of Alleged Disappearance
of Big um
Charlotte, N. C., Aug. 1.?Expres;
- ? ?? ?J A /%4-AnfiTToc on/
uumpaujr uiiiuiaio auu uctcvbiTvo ?**\
private lawyers are engaged in
fort& to solve the mystery of th<
alleged disappearance of slightly
more than $57,000 in cash said t<
have been shipped by express on Jun<
22 last from Concord, N. C., to Chi
cago, by Gaston B. Means, according
to a statement made by intereste<
attorneys and express company rep
Means claims that he counted ou
the money in the presence of wit
naues and immediately wrapped i
and shipped it by express to Roy D
Keehn, Chicago lawyer, who is at
torney for Mrs.. Mary Melin, admin
istratrix of the estate of her sister
the late Mrs. Maude A. King, wh<
was shot and killed near Concord ii
August, 1917. Means' attorney, Jak<
F. Newell, explained tonight that thi
shipment was a payment of the Kinj
estate and the $57,000 representei
money earned her through a deal ii
: raw rubber in which Mrs. King an<
i himself, as her business adviser, en
gaged prior to her death.
When the package arrived at Chi
, cago, according to Mr. Keehn's re
port to Mr. Means, it contained noth
ing more valuable than a block :
. wood in a wooden , box. The ex
press agent at Concord tonight ad
mitted 4hat on June 22 Mr. Mean:
; shipped a package through the Con
cord office of the Southeastern Ex
press company valued at $57,000, bu
said he knew nothing of tfye content
of the package.
Means is seeking to recover thft al
leged loss from the express coinpan:
through a claim, which the compan]
Means was tried and acquitted ii
1907 on the chargeo f Bordering Mr
ERSKINE TRUSTEES MEET
May Name President For Colleg(
Todaj) at Gutonik.
I t y ??
The, Board of Trustees of Erskin,
College met today at Gastonia, N
, C., for the purpose, of considering
[ the election of a new president
succeed Dr. J. S. Moffatt. Leadini
, candidates are said to be D?. J. W
> Larson, D. D., of Newberry; the Rev
R. C. Grier, of Columbia, ;;;and Di
Oliver Johnson, D. D. of Winnsbcxrc
It is rumored here that Dr. Moi
t . % V
fatt has been called ti> the pasfcorat
of the A. R. P. chtrreh ^in Anderso;
and that he accepted. This repor
could not be confirmed today.
1 ? .
j J>R. ROBERTSON COMES '
i Pastor of Galveston Church Wil
i Preach Here Sunclajr
Dr. J. P. Robertson, past<& of th
. First Presbyterian church at Galves
j ton, Texas, 1*31 preach in the Pres
hyterian church here next Sunda;
morning and evening. The mornini
. service will begin at 11 o'clock in
. stead of 11:15. Dr. Robertson, wil
. also preach in thea?UM ehuwjith
folio-wing Sunday,V-V |?. t n
1 . W#
t ; COTTON OPENS EARJL.Y
Mr. Claude Winn; of the Levc
* Land section brought to this offic
today the first open boll of cotto:
; seen this year. It is well matured.
i Madden for a discussion of expendi
, tures next year and the needs o
I Shipping Board, the army and th
t Examination of the Treasury offi
i cers concluded the committee's hear
i ings on the revision measure and th
t Republican members plan to get t<
work tomorrow on a final draft o
the bill. Chairman Fordney reiterate*
that the committee could not com
plete the measure under three w?eks
CHAMBER IF COMMERCE; MERCHA
COUNTRY WILL COOPERATE TO
' . THAN DOLLAR DAY.?IF
TRADE IT, IS
In order to keep the interest of all I a
j the people of the county centered on v
. Abbeville, to the exclusion of points ?
? outside, the Chamber of Commerce j
f has been working on a jjJan to cele- a
* brate the second Saturday in each ij
month as Cooperative Marketing day. P
, Saturday, the 13th is to be the first fc<
j of these days and it is planned to j1
make the day so full of pleasure and
profit that it will be ever remembered ^
j. and repeated with enthusiasm. "
It is planned to piake the day somet
what on the order of dollar day with P
the exception that all the people will d
be invited to offer bargains and the *
volume of a particular sale willonot si
be confined to the somewhat ^narrow 1(
j limits of a single dollar. Anybody |"
^ maay bring anything he pleases and 1]
j park himself on the square or anye
where he wishes and dispose of it in n
, any manner he thinks wise. He can v
: R RFDFflim
- PRESIDENT HARDING SPEAKS ft
* AT TERCENTENTARY CELE3
BRATION OF LANDING OF PILGill
t RACES EVERYWHERE. 1 .
B < '
Plymouth, Mass., Aug. 1.?Ply
- mouth Rook, for ? three centuries a fi
P landmark of American freedom, t
f was rededicated by President Hard- v
ing toay as a symbol of "real human j
l hwvfViAiOwuvl" -friT Sill fVl#> WfVulH. h
3 Speakng at he tercentenary cele- i'
bration of the landing of the Pil- o
grims, the President declared his t
fervent hope that the principles of I
toleration and liberty for which our h
8 fathers- crossed the Atlantic might'
soon awake a new world ideal in 5
which peace and understanding t
e would be insured among the nations, s
He referred in particular to the na- t
t tion's effort toward disarmament, f
0 asserting his faith that the move- li
? ment would succeed. v f
' ' .With his tribute to the filgrims o
\ Mr. Harding linked a eulogy to the t
' achievements of the English speaik- c
Ing race everywhere, and declared he f
" jaras. convinced that the mission' of
^ the race would encompass even great f
n er things than it had yet accomplish- I
t ed. The leadership of the English- *
speaking peoples in the present world i
crisis, he said, could not foe denied i
nor doubted by anyone. *
The President's address, delivered 1
14 within a fe^v hundred feet of the t
spot where Plymouth Rock has ibeen I
e enclosed in iron palings to pre3ervg v
h it for posterity/was part of an an- s
i- niversary celebration in which Vice v
jr. President Cooilidge and many other I
Z high officials of. State and nation par- f
i- ticipated. f
11. - 'Earlier in the day he had headed (
e and reviewed a parade, of civic, military
and naval .organliations throngfa 5
the historic streets of Plymouth and't
tonight he witness the tercentenary i'
pageant reproducing the landing of v
il the Pilgrims. e
e With Mrs. Harding and a party 8
r* of friends the President reached g
Plymouth from Washington shortly h
- before noon on his yacht Mayflower,
i- named for the Pilgrim ship which en- ?
f tered ths harbor under such widely t
e different circumstances three hun- V
dTed years ago. Three battleships q
p and six destroyers formed an escort c
for the Mayflower of today. She was b
e. welcomed by a booming of the presi- v
d dential salute from a battery
f ashore while a British cruiser, the
3 Cambrian, dipped her flag at her v
- anchorage, just outside Plymouth n
;. (Continued on page eight.)
E MARKET [
MY, AUG. 13
lNTS, citizens of town and
make day even greater
you dint need it,
uction it off, trade it, sell it at priate
sale or give it away. Most' peole
have something lying arouiid the
ouse that is of no use whatever (to
ie owner, yet it may haave value t
nd someone else may need it: So it a
i believed that if the folks can be
ersuaded to bring such articles to
>wn, they can dispose of them at a
andsome profit, or at any rate turn
; into something they do need. There
rill be a lot of trading between inividuals.
The merchants have indorsed the
roposition and they will of course ^
o their part to make the day worth ^
rhile. Lemonade will probably be
erved free again and a band may be
nn tVio animrp in tHfi after
v" WMW ?" J
oon to make the time pass pleasantj
Wtttch the papers for further an- j,
ouncements that will be to your ad- ^
antage and possible profit.
1ATFIELD CAREER !
ENDS WITH BULLET i
IAN LONG NOTORIOUS IN WEST
VIRGINIA PISTOL EPISIDES 8
MEETS DEATH ON STEPS OF j
CIURT HOUSE.?HIS SLAYER
Welch, W. Va., Aug. 2.?Sid Hatield'8
career in West Virginia ended
oday on the court house steps of this
illage. it remains for a coroner's
ury to pass judgment as to who shall
ie held for trial on a charge of havng
fired thfc shot that ended the life
f a picturesque, figure in the indusrial
strife of Mingo County. C. E.
jively, a private detective is being
eld pending a verdict.
Hatfield, former chief of police ' at
ilatewan, and central figure in the
rial early this year of more than a
core of men charged in connection
irith the killing of a private detective
ourteen months ago, together with
lis friend Ed Chambers, also a deendant
in that trial, fell as a result
?f pistol shot wounds suffered as the '
wo men were entering the little
ourt house, where Hatfield was to 1
ace trial on another shooting charge '
According to persons near by, Hat- ^
ieldf with a party of friends, ap- s
iroached the entrance to the court '
louse just before noon, where they 5
net Lively and a group of comfan- <
ons. Friendly greetings were said to *
lave been exchanged, but a moment .
ater those on either side were no- !
iced to assume a hostile attitude. 1
joud talking was indulged in and this
7as followed by the crack of pistol
hots. No one, however, could "or
voulH sflv who commenced shootine. i
iatfield and Chambers were seen to <
all. Examination revealed that Hat- <
ield had beep shot in the chest and <
Chambers in the head and breast.
One of the g\ms. carried by the i
lagnolia constable?witnesses aaid <
le carried two^?had been discharged, 1
t was said by those who rushed for- <
yard. All shells in the pistol were t
mpty, it was said. It was further <
tated that Chambers fiai but one ^
run. Some of the shells in it alsoi
lad been fired, it is said. i
The shooting, although creating t
ome excitement, did not cause more t
han a flurry, and the large crowd in t
Velch for the trial was dispersed 1
[uickly by local authorities. The I
harge on which Hatfield was to have I
een tried today was in connection t
rith the shooting up of Mohawk, W. t
fa., about a year ago. t
Mrs. Sid Hatfield, who formerly a
fas tlje wife of Mayor C. C. Tester- t
lan, one of those slain in the Mate- s
(Continued on page eight.) t
DIES IN ITALY
VORLD'S GREATEST TENOR 1
SUCCUMBS AT NAPLES, FOL?
ILAS Wfliiv* UT E.IVA 1 IVrtl-*?flinv I
DELIGHTED HEARERS OVER
Naples, Aug. 2.?Enrico Caruso,
he world's greatest tenor, died 'here 1
t 4 o'clock this morning.
'His golden voice was stilled for- 3
ver when he failed to rally from a
elapse following an operation for 1
n albscess. ]
Caruso's death was expected for
everal hours before the end came.
He never had completely recover- (
d from the effects of an f operation 1
kw pleurisy which he underwent in
Jew York last winter.
As^a result of this operation, phy- ,
icians stated, he suffered from a
liaphragmic abscess. ,
Another operation-was performed
n an euort wj rwnuvc tut: awuiwuated
pus, but it left Caru90 badly
weakened and he sank rapi<Hy.
Last Thursay the famous tenor
md his wife, the former Dorothy
benjamin, went to a sanctuary in the
"ompeii valley, where he offered 1
>rayers of thanks to the Blessed Virgin
for the recovery of his voice,
leard a mass and gave.20,000 francs '
is a thanks offering.
Afterward Caruso visited the ex- 1
avations at Pompeii.
On Saturday he felt pains in his
ibdomen. Those were the first
earnings that the final illness was at
He called a physician who advised
MA XTorrJ/va on/1 /*ATifln1+ snp.
bV gv UV WytVM VVMWWAV
:ialsts. Arriving at Naples Sunday
light, Caruso called Professor Sorgi,
Harozanzasodo and Moscati.
After a long consultation these
rpecialists diagnosed his case as
icute peritonitis with a tendency to
iprtad. They decided to operate.
Caruso, whose fortitude when suffering
great pain was considered renarkable,
continued to keep up his
jood spirits. < ^ .
However, he sank steadily. His
igony increased. His strength wanid.
Injections of camphor were retired
every two hours to stimulate
lis fluttering heart.
Has breathing was difficult and be-,
:ame increasingly labored.
His wife who also maintained hqr
iourage, remained at the bedside for
She saw her husband steadily
Irawing nearer to ttie gates of death
i)ut rememlbering the successful
ight he made against what were considered
overwhelming odds during
lis previous illness in New York,
she maintained her composure and
jonfidence that he again would w*aiher
(Following the operation, surgeons
stated that Caruso's death was only
i matter of hours.
Caruso'* Voice Live* Forever.
Thousands'of people may have the
dea that death will stop the produc;ion
of Caruso records. But this, ac-(
jording to The Echo* local represenatives
of the Victor Co., is not so.
The Victor Company, they state,
las "master Teoords" of every solo,
kiefc or other air in which Caruso
las ever sung for the talking maihine,
and these "master records" in
he Victor Vaults can produce
!&ru9o records as long as they last,
which will be just about forever.
Caruso has been making Victor
ecords since 1903 and had a conract
with the company that was not
0 expire until 1934. The 1921 Vicor
catalogue lists 109 of Caruso by
liraself, six in duets with Ceraldine
'arrar, four in duets with Louise ;
lamer, five in duets with Scotti, six- i
een in miscellaneous duets, three
rios by Caruso and other artist, fif- !
een quartets in which Caruso sang,
1 total of 158 Caruso records now on
he market, with others held in reerve
by the Victor company yet to '
NIL WEEVIL TOLL
row m an J
LOW CONDITION REPORT DUE
LARGELY TO RAVAGES OF INSECT?FIGURES
PER CENT OF NORMAL CROP.
ESTIMATE OF 8,433,000 BALES
Washington, Aug. 2.?The boll
weevil playefl havoc with the South's
:otton crop during July, heavy rainfall
aided in the destruction by pro-moting
a rank growth of weeds and
jrass and as a result a prospective
production of 8,203,000 bales was |
forecast today by the' Department of
Agriculture, basing its estimate on
conditions existing July 25. That ia
a loss of 230,000 bales compared with
the production forecast a month ago. J
_ . . . ' -'AW
Jhe crop declined 4.5 points durng t
the month, much more than the avefage
decline, bringing condition, to ;
64.7 per cent of a normal, the lowest
July 25 condition on recqpd with one j
exception, that of 1866, when it was , %
Unpromising is the present feondi- :
tion of the crop throughout most of. " '*>M
the belt, and there >is very serious " "
threat, the department experts say, of
continued apd increased damage from
the boll weevil, while grass and . : ^
weeds are' exhausting much of the i.^jj
crop that remains.
A crop of 8,433,000 bales was fore- v -0
r>oct fmm fho nn .Tnna^f? ' 1
which was 69.2 per cent of a normal: i
The condition was 74.1 per cept onr . vr p
July 25 last year, 67.l i^ 191if ?nd
the ten-year July 25 average'id 75.4.Last
year's crop was 18,365,754 bates -v vj
that of 1919 was 11,420,763* bales! ; > * j
in 1918 it was ,12,040,532, in 1917 it "Y ^
was 11,302,375 and in 1916 it
The condition by States follows. ;
Virginia 82, North Carolina 75, - ^
South Carolina 62, Georgia 59, Plor-/
Ida 60, Alabama 58, Mississippi 68, *'i|
Louisiana 59, Texas 62, Arkansas 75, ;;
Tennessee 55, Missouri 80, Oklahoma
68, California 83, Arizona 89. All '
other States 88. 1 i Jl
Summarizing conditions, the de-^ j
partment issued a statement saying: J
"Cotton suffered more than the 1
usual decline during July, being dam- J
aged particularly by the boll weevil. ' Jj
especially in the new invaded t?rri- |
tories in South Carolina. Eastern I
Georgia, Southern and Eastern Okla- I
homa and Southern Arkansas. Dam- j
age from this insect throughout the |
belt has been heavy and the threat of
continued and increased damage is
very serious. In many sections it
promises to take on new growth.
"This condition results largely
from the heavy July rainfall, which
has also washed out much of the
scanty supply of fertilizer and encouraged
a heavy growth of grass
and weeds, which is exhausting/much
of what remains,
"Farmers are unable to give a fin- \
al dressing of fertilizer in most in- ,
stances, as had been the custom.
Through most of the belt the present j
condition of the plant is unpromising,
Since it faces on the one hand the
danger of drought and on the other
increased damage from the boll wee- ^
"Conditions are favorable only in
the fringes of the belt in Western
Texas, Eastern Oklahoma, along the
Mississippi river from Northern Mississippi
through Tennessee and into
Missouri, in Virginia and North Caro'**
- nnrfinw rtf > SmitK
Ulltt, LliC HUlbil^u |/VA v?v? w*.
Carolina and in the delta section of
Mississippi, where the plants are well .
rooted and sturdy with a good set
of first crop bolls." . *<
New Orleans, Aug. 2.?The cotton
new year, with its annual statistics
and rush of excited trading, was
marked today by an advance in price
which experts estimated would bring
Southern planters $41,000,000 more
for their crop.
Miss Clara Adams is visiting her
sister, Mrs. DesChamps in Bishopville.