Newspaper Page Text
Abbeville Press and Banner
Established 1844. $2.00 Year. Tri-Weekly Abbeville, S. C., Friday, June 2,1922 Single Copies, Five Cents. 78th Year.
IN IRISH SITUATION
WINSTON SPENCER CHURCHILL
MAKES STATEMENT IN HOUSE
TEST WILL COME AFTER ELEC
TIONS IN IRELAND WHEN
THOSE CHOSEN FACE OATH.
London, June 1.?The facts of the
Irish situation were presented in a
? ? ?- 1 TTT * J n m
Statement oy Winston spencer onur
chill, secretary for the colonies, in
the house of commons, today, but the
fate of the treaty which serves to
bridge the difficulties between Great
Britain and Ireland can not be de
termined until after the Irish elec
tions, when those chosen at the polls
will be put to the test of a treaty
Mr. Churchill, in the commons, and
Lord Chancellor Birkenhead, in the
house of lords, announced Great Brit
ain's position as rigid adherences to
the treaty, which the pact entered
into between Eamon de Valera and
Michael Collins is declared to have
The return of Mr. Collins to Dub
lin, with Arthur Griffith remaining in
? London, together with the announce
ment of a further postponement of
the dail eireann's sessions suggests
the possibility of further negotia
tions after conversations between
Collins and de Valera to see how
far the points made at London can
be met at Dulblin.
Mr. Churchill's speech seems to
have created general satisfaction, ac
cording to reports from Dublin and
Belfast, while Collins and Griffith,
who heard the statement from the
gallery, adjudged it "a fair presenta
tion of the facts."
Sir James Craier, the Ulster pre
mier, speaking in the northern par-1
liair.L'nt, said there was not a single!
word in Churchill's speech to cause j
the slightest misconception or mis-j
understanding in Ulster and there j
seemed to be running through it the j
right tone of dealing with those who
would in any way attempt to over
throw the honorable understanding
arrived at in the treaty.
Lord Birkenhead told the house of
lords the British government stands
for the "treaty with Ireland to the let
ter and spirit and would not go an
inch beyond it. Under no conceivable
circumstances would the government!
consent to the republicans becoming!
ministers in the Irish government,
and should such a crisis arise the re
sources of Great Britain were by no
The government's policy corres
ponded with the wishes of the dem
ocracies of the two islands for whose!
political fortunes the government J
was the trustee.
FREE PICTURE SHOW
The boll weevil film will be
shown in the opera house tomorrow'
afternoon at 2:30 o'clock. There
will be no charge for admiss'on.
This is a Department of Agricul
ture film sent Mr. T. M. Cheatham
by the Southern Cotton Oil Com
pany and is produced in Abbeville
tomorrow afternoon through the
kindness of Manager Verchot of the
opera house. It is for the purpose
of educating our farmers in the
use of calcium arsenate on the boll
weevil, and should be seen by
every one who expects to use this
?poison on crops.
SELL HOME PRODUCTS
Manning, June 1.?The merchants
of Manning are receiving from lo_
cal growers various vegetables and
according to present indications
there will be no occasion during the
neKt several weeks for the shipping
into the town of truck from other
sections. Quantities of Irish pota_
enon Koans /?nMv??'P and Va.fi
ous other items are being brought
to market daily by Clarendon coun
ty farmers. Especially are rapidly
marketed quantities of strawb#iries
blackberries, plums and peaches of
excel! int quality.
HENRY FORD REITS
CANNOT CONSENT ELIMINA
TION GORGA5 PLANT-?WILL
MAKE ANOTHER EFFORT.
WOULD GO TO WORK AT
Washington, June 1j?Henry
Ford's re-modified offer received 'by
the house military committee in re
ply to its counter, proposal for de_
velopment of the government's ni_
trate and power projects at
Muscle Shoals, Alaibama, was care
fully studied by the' committee to
aay in executive session ;uui, nu
action was taken by that body when
it adjourned to meet again tomor.
row with Mayo and J. W. Worth
ington, Mr. Ford's representatives.
Washington, June 1.?Henry
Ford's reply to the counter pro
posal drafted 'by the house mili
tary committee for development of
the government projects at Muscle
Shoals, Alabama, was presented to
cay to tne committee oy u. rr.
Worthington, a representative of
Mr. Ford, immediately upon ar
rival here from Detroit, where he
conferred with the motor manufac
Mr. Ford's answer, made in the
! form of a letter to Chairman Kahn
definitely rejected the provision in
the committee plan which eliminat
ed the steam plant Gorgas, Ala
bama, from the properties to be
disposed of by the government with
the Muscle Shoals T>rooerties.
"I cannot consent to eliminate
the Gorgas plant," the letter said,
"because it is necessary to the eco
nomical operation of the Muscle
Shoals property. If my revised of
fer for Gorgas is rejected, then I
must understand that the accep
tance of my offer for Muscle
Shoals as a whole and pot part is
refused." Mr. Ford's reply further
stated that "if congress votes ac_
ceptance of my offer, we will get on
the ground at Muscle Shoals at
once; but if congress rejects, that
will be but the beginning of a
more determined effort on my
part to save Muscle Shoals for the
Konofif r>f +)ip nilhlie."
The report on the condition of
cotton on May 25th issued by the
government was given out this
morning as G9.6. The figures were
a little, higher than expected by the
trade, but seemed to have little or
J no influence on the market. Some
idea of how the local traders ex_
I pected the. figures to go may 'be j
had from the following guesses
registered at the Peoples Bank this
S. G. Thomson, Jr. 65.2
Shelor _ 68.3
S. G. Thomson, Sr. 64.0
W. F. Nickles 62.0
Henry Carlisle 56.0
R. M. Hill 67.2
W. E. Leslie 65.0
J. H. Prince 65.0
J. F. Barnwell 70.0
Frank Leslie 65.0
Mr. F. L. Harky, marketing
specialist, will be in Abbeville Mon
day with County Agent W. G. Mc
Gowan, and would like to see those
farmers who have large quantities
cabbage on hand, or those who
would be interested in getting up a
co-operative car' of cabbage to be
shipped from Abbeville.
MOTOR TO CLEMSON
Miss Winona Barksdale, Bill
TT 1 - J *11 T
nugntw aMu -rvueu juvug 'mu/wicu ^
Clemson College Thuisday.
JUDGE J. HARDIN MARION, OF <
W. W. MOORE, OF RICHMi
ING EXERCISES AND A
On Sabbath morning, June 4t
ment exercises of Erskine College
W. W. Moore, D. D., President (
Richmond, Va., will preach the bac
Sabbath evening, at 8 o'clock tl
Winn^boro, S. C., will preach bef<
Erskine Theological Seminary.
Monday, June 5th, at 8 o'clock ]
celebration of the Euphemian, PI
4-u : . i_
aiy kjuuictico, me piiuuipie icauui'
debate between the Euphemian ai
Darlington Trophy. This debate ii
and promises to be this year.
Tuesday, June 6th at 10 o'clock
senior class will be held, at which
graduating class, consisting of tw
this exercise addresses will be del
of Chester. At this time also Re
ducted into the office of president,
colleges for men in the State will
Following the exercises of the i
Banquet in the dining-room of the
jail returning alumni and especially
'17, '12, '07, '02, and so on. Thif
decennial alumni reunion system i
ternoon the visitors and returning
enjoy an hour of social and recrea
Of the Abbeville High School.?Dr.
R. C. Grier of Erskine College
Will Make the Address.
The graduating ex'ercises of the
Abbeville High School will be held
tonight at the Opera House, begin
ning at 8:30 o'clock.
Dr. R. C. Grier, president of Ers
kine College, will make the address
of the evening. The commencement
exercises of the high school always
attract a large audience and tonight
the theater will probably be filled
ononoinfonnoc o n rl rolofivoc
the members of the graduating class
and with friends of the school. The
following program will be given:
1. Class Song.
2. Salutatory?Miss Maria Neuffer
2. Class Poem?Gilbert Nabers.
3. Class History?Miss Cecelia
5. Music?Miss Lillian Grubb.
6. Class Lamentation?Billy Long.
7. Class Appreciation?Geo. Smith
8 Class Prophecy?Jack Bradley.
9 Class Will?William Cox.
10. Address?Dr. R. C. Grier.
11. Music?Mi?s Glayds Breazeale.
12. Presentation of Diplomas?
Supt. J. D. Fulp
13. Presentation of Certificates.
14. Valedictory?Miss Ada Faulkner
At the conclusion of the graduat
ing exercises the following students
will be awarded certificates of honor
by Supt. J. D. Fulp for diligent and
earnest study, punctual attendance
- J ? J I ?V> ft /4q
ana correct uepunuiciu, (laying iuaut
the honor roll each month for the
past nine months:
Virginia Wilson, Jennie Whfrte,
Frances Gilliam, Lucy Highsmith,
Fannie May Mundy, Jean Mllford,
Estelle Lyon, Minnie Ella Swetenburg
Adair Aiken, James Fulp, Susan Min
shall, William L. Cheatham, Sarah
Hill Neuffer, Mildred McComb, Edna
White, Sara Smith, Frances Johnson,
Mabry Miller, Martha Lewis, Emily
Morse, Frances Evans, Margaret
DuPre, Winona Welsh, Mamie Lewis,
S. Edwin McCuen.
Certificates of award will also be
presented to the following students
for being neither absent nor tardy
during the school term closing to
night: Mary Elizabeth Brown, Char
(Continued on page feir.).
CHESTER, ONE OF SPEAKERS.
WILL BE PREACHED BY REV.
DND, VA.?THE GRADUAT
iLUMNI BANQUET WILL
h, at 11|:15 o'clock, the commence
will begin. At this time the Rev.
)f Union Theological Seminary, in
le Rev. Oliver Johnson, D. D., of
5re the graduating class of .the
p. m., will be held the annual joint
lilomathean and Callopean Liter
e of this occasion being the annual
id Philomathean societies for the
3 an annual event of great interest
i, the graduating exercises of the
i time seven representatives of the
enty-one members, will speak. At
livered by Judge J. Hardin Marion
v. R. C. Grier will be formally in
Representative3 from the various
be present and will bring fraternal
norning there will be an Alumni
> College Home, to which is invited
r the alumni of the classes of 1922,
j banquet will inaugurate the semi
n Erskine College. During the af
alumni and former students will
tional activity on Erskine Field.
nr mum onunni
ur wish oonuuL
Held Thursday Night at New Com
munity Building.?Splendid Pro
The closing exercises of the Mill
school were held last evening in the
beautiful new auditorium of the Mil
liken Building on South Main street
at 8:00 o'clock. Mr. J. Foster Barn
well was master of ceremonies, an
nouncing the varied and excellent
program rendered by the children of
tne Mill scnooi. ine enieriainmeni
was the best yet seen at this school
and the wonderful auditorium lent
exceptionally assistance to the ef
forts of the children by its splendid
The teachers and pupils of the
Mill school deserve much commenda
tion for the excellent entertainment
provided ;ast evening. The children
were well drilled and happy in their
, efforts to furnish an hour's diversion
for the large audience.
At the conclusion of the entertain
ment Supt. J. D. Fulp presented a
number of prizes offered by the teach
ers to children who had been unusu
ally diligent in their studies and to
those who had made the highest av
erages in their sections. Beautiful
books were also presented to a num
ber of pupils who had not missed a
word in spelling during the nine
The following program was ren
dered last evening:
Music by Band.
Song Vacation's Call)
Welcome By two children
Vacation Questions 10 Boys and
Recitation?My Best Girl
Vacation Joys Six Children
Song?Oh, No John, No.__2 children
Best Places 4 Boys and 3 Girls
Grandmother's Daisies. _ Three Girls
Music by Band.
Dialogue?School Bell Fever._
By Four Children I
Spring Opinion Two. Boys
Motion Song By First Grade
By Seven Children
Recitation in School and Out__
By Horace Carroll.
Rainbow Tableau Ten Children
Music by Band.
Prasentation of Prizes?Major Fulp.
AGREEMENTS REACHED WITH
FIELDS UNDER PLAN ADOPT
ED? ANNOUNCEMENT MADE
BY SECRETARY HOOVER.
Washington, June 1.?Maximum
fair prices for spot coal in five dis
tricts were announced tonight by
Secretary 'Hoover after reaching
agreements with committees repre
senting those fields, under the plan
adopted at the general conference
of operators from producing fields
for preventing runaway prices on
coal at the mines during the strike.
It was determined that in the
Alabama district the fair price
should be 25 cents below the "final
Garfield scale" or a maximum of
$2.20 a ton to $2.60 a ton.
On the Harlan and Hazard fields
of Tennessee and Kentucky, and the
Pocohontas, New River, Tug River
and Winding Gulf coal fields (smoke
less coal districts of West Virginia)
the maximum price was fixed at
$3.<50 a ton.
Costs of production have been
reduced in the Alabama field since
the final Garfield scales were deter
mined, Mr. Hoover explained. The
operators, he said, emphasized that
the price set was a maximum; that
anyone might sell below it, and that
long contracts for coal are neces
sarily below the levels set today. In
the other districts, he declared, pro
duction costs have increased since
the Garfield scale and that scale in
cluded contract coal which now
sells below the new maximum. The
operators are to absorb a reason
able selling expense at the new
prices, Secretary Hoover said.
Fair prices for the remaining
fields which are producing during
the strike are to be fixed tomorrow
after conferences between Mr. Hoo
ver and committees represeifting
/Jiofwln+ci wKinVt Tim To Qnnmnf
IUUDC UlObli^VO TT Uivil n V4 V
ed after the general me-eting today.
The plan adopted at the general
meeting calls for agreements be
tween Mr. Hoover and the different
committees upon fair prices for
coal at the mines in their respective
districts, based upon the Garfield
scale as modified by local conditions.
Moral suasion will be relied upon by
Mr. Hoover to ke>ep the agreements
in force for the duration of the
strike, it was indicated.
mi. i J. : - - ??
ino oest price 1111 tunun un uic
local market today was 20 3-4
Futures closed at 2:30 p. m.
11:30 a. m. Futures closed this
'October , 20.32
Futures closed yesterday
W. P. POLLOCK
./" wlnrw'kia .Tnno 9.?Vnrmer Uni
ed States Senator W. P. Pollock,
of Cheraw, died at his home at 7
o'clock this morning of appoplexy.
He had not been ill long. Senator
Pollock served in the Senate from
December 1918 to March 1919, fill
ing the unexpired team of Senator
Tillman. He was prominent in coun
ty and state politics, having
been at one time prominent candi
date for governor.
By Richard Taylor
Song No\r Ov School is Over.
FOR BUSINESS DEPRESSION
THAT CAUSED UNEMPLOY
ATTACKED AS A "SPEND
Indianapolis, June 1.?Indiana
democrats meeting here today in
their state convention laid the
foundation for their fall campaign
with a series of speeches blaming
re-puhlican managment of national
affairs for a tbusihess depression
that has caused much unemploy
ment Speaker also attacked the re
publican state administration as
In the keynote speech, Frederick
Van Nueys, of this city, declared
the failure to ratify the Versailles
treaty with its league of nations
covenant, was "largely responsible
for our present economic and in
dustrial difficulties." "We have
heard for a year that prosperity is
just around the corner," he said.
"The people want some tangible
evidence of that fact." '
The Washington conference call
ed by President Harding and out
of which grew the fouispowea* pact
and the naval limitation treaty, was
described by Mr. Van Nueys "as
the shadow of the substance" of
th? league of nations.
Samuel Ralston, the party can.
didate for United * States senator
charged the republicans with fol
lowing a "blind policy" in th?' M
work of reconstruction since the
world war. Business depression and
unemployment, he asserted, were
the results, and he added, the claim
that the .pending tariff bill before
congress would '".absolutely close
the doors to foreign markets."
Th& four-power pact was des_ vi2j
cribed by ,Mr. Ralston as a "very
short step in the right course" to
end war and he said he was willing
"to see it trie>d out as the next best
thing" to the league of nations. He
added his opinion that the league
would not be. a campaign issue.
Miss Esther Kathleen O'Keefe, - ?
making her first speech since win
ning the- nomination as Indiana's
first woman candidate for congress
said she was nominated as a citi
zen, not as a woman, and if elected
her conduct would be guided by the
"spirit that nominated me." With
equal suffrage, women have new
ODDortunities. she said, t.r> aid edn
cation, stop child labor, reduce
taxes and "say whether rich ship
owners shall be subsidized with
public money while agriculture
ELECT CITY COUNCIL
Dr. Edwards Wat Again Chosen
Mayor in Edgefiedd
Edgefield, June 1.?The munici
pal election passed off quietly today
in spite of the very intense interest
that was manifested. Of the 519
persons who registered, 493 voted,
all of the 229 women who registered
voting except three.. Dr. J. G. Ed
wards was reelected mayor by a
majority of 45 votes over W. W.
P. C. CONFERS DEGREES
The Board of Trustees of the
Presbyterian College at Clinton, S.
C., announced at the commence
ment exercises of the college that
the degree of Doctor of Divinity
had been conferred upon the Rev.
Robert Calvin Grier, president of
Erskine College at .Due West, and
upon Rev. Chevis M. Smythe, mis
sionary to China.
Soldiers Hear Rumors
San Antonio, Texas, June 1.?
United States troops were placed on
guard on the International bridge
at Laredo early this morning fol
lowing rumors of a contemplated at
tack on Nuevo Laredo, across the
river by a rej>$l force.