Newspaper Page Text
Abbeville Press and Banner j
Established 1844. $2.00 Year. Tri-Weekly Abbeville, S. C., Wednesday, August 2, 1922 Single Copies, Five Cents. 78th Year. 'I
IS 70.8 PER CENT
OF NORMAL?THIS YEAR'S CROP
PLACED AT 1,1449,000 BALES.
BOLL WEEVIL INFESTATION
ft 9 Trt
ESTIMATED Ai i-iu/m ?*.?? .v
80.2 PER CENT TOTAL.
Washington, Aug. 1.?This year's
cotton crop was placed at 11,449,
000 bales of 500 pounds gross weight
in the second forecast of the season
announced today by the Department
of Agriculture, basing its estimate on
the condition of the crop July 25
which was 70.8 per cent of a normal.
There was a decline of 0.4 points
in condition from June 25 to July
25, th? condition of June 25*having
been 71.2 per cent of a normal on
which the first forecast of the sea
son, 11,065,000 bales of 500 pounds
gross weight was based. The average
change in the last ten years between
June 25 and July zo was a uw
of 3.9 points.
The condition of the crop on July
25 by states follow:
Virginia 80; North Carolina 78;
South Carolina 60; Georgia 54; Flor
ida 65; Alabama 70; Mississippi 74;
Louisiana 70; Texas 72; Arkansas
81; Tennessee 85; Missouri 90; Ok
lahoma 75; California 95; Arizona
86; New Mexico 85.
The final outturn of the crop the
Department announced, uc
ger or smaller than forecast today as
conditions developing during the re
mainder of the season prove more or
less favorable than average.
Crops of previous years and the
July 25 condition in those years fol
Year" Crop July 25
1921 7,953,641' 64.7
1920 13,439,603 74.1
1919 11,420,763 67.1
1918 12,040,532 73.6
1917 . 11,302,375 70.3
1914 (rec'd) __ 16,134,390 76.4
1912-21 (av) . 12,279,348 72.9
The acreage of cotton abandoned
to July first was summarized at 7.1
per cent, the Department announced
in a supplemental statement issued
in response to Senate resolutions.
County agents reported 80.2 per
cent and reporters of the crop re
porting board estimated 71.3 per
cent of the total acreage was infest
ed by the boll weevil.
In its supplemental report the De
partment announced 295 replies as
to abandonment of acreage had been
received from commissioners of ag
riculture and the agricultural agents
of the various counties in the cotton j
growing states. There are 846 cotton
growing counties so that the 295 re
plies received account'for only about
34 per cent of the counties.
The estimate of acreage of the
crop reporting board, issued July 3
which was 34,852,000 acres, related
to cotton in cultivation on June zo
after practically all of the indicated
abandonment had taken place, the
Department's statement said.
Miss Virginia Galloway of Due
West was in the city this week for
a visit to Mrs. M. R. Plaxco. Miss
Ga'.bway spent last year in Wheat
land, Wyoming, with Dr. and Mrs.
Phifer and has just returned to
Due West. Before returning homei
she made a trip to tne coast ox Cali
fornia and through Oregon. She vis
ited Yellowstone Park and came
d?wn through Ohio for a visit to
relatives. She has much that is en
tertaining to tell of her trip.
* ? I *11 .
Miss Killingsworth in ADDevme. ,
Miss Lillian Killingsworth is vis
iting: her aunts Mrs. Fannie Milford
and Miss Corrie Killingsworth, at
their home on South Main street.
Miss Killingsworth has been teaching
in summer school at Raleigh for the
past six weeks. She is always a wel
come visitor to Abbeville. '
MORE MEN NEEDED
TO PRODUCE COAL
ONE HUNDRED THOUSAND WILL
TURN TRICK?UNITED STAT
ES CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
ANNOUNCES RESULT OF IN
VESTIGATION OF SITUATION
Washington, Aug. 1.?Addition of
100,000 men "of equal producing ef
ficiency" to those now mining coal
would insure a supply of coal ade
quate for the country's needs, ac
cording to a report made public to
day by the coal bureau of the cham
ber of commerce of the United Stat
The bureau based its calculation
htr 1 8F> (100 TtiPTl
UU tuc |/1UUUV.W1VU Ktj
the number said by the department
of labor to be at work in the mines?
of something over 5,000,000 tons in
the week preceding the railway shop
There are positive indications, the
bureau said, "that certain industries
in various parts of the country have
reached an end of the bituminous re
sources." A development of the
strike which has caused much con
cern, the report declared, was the
interruption of coal delivery at Lake
Erie ports for shipment to the North
According to the bureau the chief
point of issue between the miners
and operators was found to be "the
basis upon which the operators shall
deal with the miners"?whether on
a national or district basis?with the
"check off" holding the next position
of importance. The report estimates
that $15,500,000 was collected an
nually by the United Mine Workers'
national organization from the
"check off" and that about $7,000,
000 of this was paid out to weigh
men employed by the union to veri
fy weights of coal which was paid
for by the ton.
EXPLOSION OF GAS
More Th&n One Hundred Persons
Hurt in Chicago and Neigh
Chicago, Aug. 1.?More than 100
persons were injured and an entire
1.1 1 J j. V>ir
neignuurnuuu icuun^cu wu?j wj
the explosion of more than 4,000,
000 feet of gas and the collapse of
The blast, accompanied by a tow
ering column of flame, came without
warning and spread burns, desola
tion and fear through a district cov
ering about six blocks and peopled
mostly by foreign laborers.
A group of boys playing baseball
more than 100 yards from the gas
plant had their eye brows burned off
and their hair singed and suffered
burns on their faces. The millions of
feof nf ms. ienited from some mvs
terious cause which engineers have
been unable to explain, lifted the top
off the huge circular tank.
After the explosion the tank col
lapsed?a mass of glowing, twisted
iron. The loss was placed at approx
SENSATION IN NEW YORK
New York, Aug. 1.?The govern
ment cotton report created a sensa
tion in the local market today and
led to excited buying which quickly
advanced October to 22.85, repre
senting a rise of about 165 points.
The condition was only 70.8 and
lower than any of the private condi
The trade was fully prepared for
a condition of 73 . or better. To
make the report still more bullish
the abandoned acreage reported
n'oc nniienallv Vllfrli
VISITORS FROM DUE WEST.
Mr. Seldon Kennedy, Selden Ken
nedy, Jr., and Rev. and Mrs. N. E.
Smith of Due West were in the city
10 BE VOTED FOR
ON AUGUST 29TH.?ENROLL
MENT SAID TO BE NEARLY
r\aiioi i? tuit Ar iaon F5.
uv/udll i n/\ i vr 1 ^v.
TIMATED THERE ARE 2,000
Columbia, Aug. 1.?Democratic
enrollment throughout the state
which nearly doubles that of the last
election year, 1920, is forecasted by
the reports that are reaching Harry
N. Edmunds of Columbia, secretary
of the state Democratic Executive
Committee. The reports are slow in
coming in, but those received so far
indicate an enormous enrollment of
Democratic voters, as compared with
the figures of two years ago.
Newberry, with two small pre
cincts missing reports an enrollment
of 5,874 as compared with 3,898 two
Sumter county has an enrollment
this year of 3,825. In 1920 the club
rolls showed 1,978 names.
In Union county the enrollment
runs close to that for Newberry. The
rolls show 5,554 this year, as com
pared with 3,406 two years ago.
Richland county has enrolled this
year 12,669 as compared with a to
tal last election year of 7,172.
The county Democratic executive
I committees will meet in all the
counties next Monday to complete
arrangements for the first primaries
on August 29, and the second prim
ary two weeks after that date.
It is roughly estimated that there
will be two thousand candidates
whose names will appear on ballots
throughout the state in the first pri
mary. The enrollment is heavier
than ever before in the state's his
tory, due largely to the women's en
rollment. These facts will make the
election machinery the largest and
most bungersome the state has ever
handled. It will necessitate the use
of more boxes and election managers
and persons to count the results. The
county committees will make ar
rangements to meet the demands of
this increased enrollment.
OPPOSITION TO TOLBERT
Dial May Ask Harding to With
Washington, Aug. 1.?Efforts
were understood today to be con
templated by Senator Dial Demo
crat, South Carolina, to have Presi
dent Harding withdraw the recently
submitted nomination of Joseph Tol
bert, Republican national committee
man for South Carolina, to be Unit
ed States marshal for the western
district of South Carolina.
Senate confirmation of the nomi
nation of Mr. Tolbert has been held
up temporarily and it was learned
today that a number of Republican
as well as Democratic Senators were
opposed to favorable Senate action.
Senator Dial has issued a state
ment in which he makes several
charges against th^ national com
mitteeman. Friends of Mr. Tolbert
here, however, deny the charges.
GERMAN MARKS STILL
DECLINE IN NEW YORK
New York, Aug. 1.?The price of
German marks dropped to 14% cents
a hundred, a new low record in the
early dealings in foreign exchange
today but rallied later to 15 1-4 cents
Demand sterling and continental re
mittances also eased slightly.
.Foreign excnange aeaiers repuiu
that little commercial business is
being transacted in marks, German
business firms for several weeks past
having made all contracts" on a dol
lar basis. A large percentage of the
marks now being bought are being
'acquired by individual citizens for
I transmission to relatives and friends
LOYD GEORGE TAKES HOLD
OF THE PROBLEM?TELLS
PARLIAMENT GREECE WILL
NOT INVADE NEUTRAL ZONE
London, Aug. 1.?The action of
reece in threatening to march on
onstantinople and proclaiming
iTtonomy for Smyrna and its Hin
?rland again has forced the diffi
alt Near Eastern problem to the
jrefront in diplomacy.
Premier Lloyd George in an im
ortant statement to Parliament
>day was able to give reassuring
? X 2 - ? ^oo ?? *tM i-U A /IWlfllfl
iiurmauun cuiitcniing unc v-nou
> the effect that Greece had re
ffirmed its previous undertalqing
ot to invade the neutral zone, in
uding Constantinople, without the
>nsent of the Allies. The pre
tier expressed the opinion that
le motive for the Greek action
as to expedite a settlement of
le Near Eastern question. He add
i that a meeting of the powers
liefly concerned would be con
2ned to discuss the situation.
Great 'Britain, France and Italy
11 are agreed not to permit Greece
> force matters by a march upon
nnofontinnnlo Hllf tVlOV OTP hv nO
leans agreed on a general policy
jncerning the Near East. It is
>nsidered that it was knowledge of
lis disagreement which induced
reece to attempt to force the situ
aon by proclaiming the autonomy
f Smyrna, hoping by so doing to
revent the proposed solution by re
irning this territory to Turkey.
Meantime it is not generally be
eved that Greece will proceed to
ie extreme. Although she* is as
;mbling large forces of troops at
odesto the cowers are taking the
ecessary steps to resist any at-1
tmpt upon Constantinople. A strong |
ritish fleet is gathering in Turkish;
aters and allied reinforcements
re being sent to Turkey.
One view of the situation taken
1 political circles here is that the
love of Greece is a bluff on the
art of King Constantinople to save
is face in his own country and in
uce the powers to recognize him.
TIPPERARY IS CAPTURED
ree State Troops Continue to Gain
London, Aug. 1.?The town of
'ipperary was captured by Free
tate troops Sunday morning, says
dispatch to The Times from Dub
in. The attack was commenced
aturday by troops from Dublin.
No progress was made for some
ours, owing to the absence of ar
illery. The irregulars were well
ortified and commanded the main
oad with machine guns.
The firinc died away just before!
lidnight but was renewed at 5
'clock in the morning and the
'ree Staters succeeded eventually
1 getting around the town and
urned the positions of the irregu
Sharp house to house fighting
ollowed, but the town was won
nd forty-four prisoners were taken.
IEW ORLEANS COTTON
JUMPS $8.50 A BALE
New Orleans, Aug. i.?cotton
umped $8.50 a bale at the local
xchange today immediately after
le reading of the Department of Ag
iculture's report, placing the con
ition of the growing crop at 70.8
er cent of normal. October touched
2.50 and most active months were
arried from 169 to 171 points high
r than yesterday's close within a
sw minutes after receipt of the
Cotton on the local market today
Lt no 1 o /.onfo
rougllt UU x-^ vcuw. I
IN MINE MASSACRE
FIVE HUNDRED MEMBERS OF
MOB CAN BE ARRESTED.?
REPORT OF NATIONAL COAL
ASSOCIATION PLACED BE
FORE GOVERNOR OF ILLINOIS
Pittsburg, Aug. 1.?The National
Coal association in a statement issued
here tonight announced completion
of a "sweeping impartial investiga
tion of the Herrin massacre" declar
ed that the leaders of the mob were
known and that at least "500 mem
bers of the mob can be arrested any
time that Attorney General Brund
age of Illinois gives the word."
The association in laying its Evi
dence and finding before the govern
or of Illinois statement said:
'Particular emphasis should be laid
on the point that survivors of the
massacre are able to point out the
official of the United Mines Workers
of America who gave the word to
take the unarmed prisoners off the
roads into the woods and shoot them
down in the manner of an army
squad executing spies or traitors"
says the announcement.
The statement adds:
"The National oal association re
ports supports the contention of the
Illinois attorney that the massacre
was not spontaneous."
The statement announces that its
investigation corroborated stories of
"barbarous treatment of wounded"
an reported by press associations and
newspapers and declared that some
bodies were found to have been
cccrrTs nc QTRilfF.fi
NOW GET ATTENTION
Industrial Disturbance* Making
Themselves Felt Upon Business,
Washington, Aug. 1.?Industrial
disturbances have begun to make
themselves felt upon business, but
the outstanding feature of the great
er part of July has been the contin
uance of business and industrial ac
tivity at the relatively high rate re
cently attained, according to the
? Mimmawir lectins) VlV
iliuiitiny ouuiiiiaij ioouvu ~j
jthe federal reserve board.
Production has shown further in
creases in some lines, the board de
clarfed, while in those normally af
fected noticeably by seasonal influ
ences the decreases have been rela
"As the current month progress
ed," the board said, "the effects of
coal and railroad strikes began to
make themselves felt. This influence
has served recently to resttrain pro
ductive activities in various lines,
nntir^flhlv iron and steel. The plans
recently announced by the adminis
tration are expected to reliev^ the
Bituminous coal mining has fallen
off greatly since July 1, the board
declared, and consequently stocks
have been further drawn upon. An
thracite production the board assert
ed, has been neglible and stocks,
with the exception of pea sizes, prac
tically exhausted. The petroleum
output, however, the board found,
continued large with stocks accu
Agricultural prospects, the board
said, are still very satisfactory for
the country as a whole, although
'there has been considerable deterio
ration in the condition of wheat and
oats. Fruit crops were reported to be
above the average and the tobacco
outlook in general was excellent.
HOME FROM SUMMER SCHOOL
Miss Mary Lou Bowie has return
ed home from the Winthrop Sum
mer School. Miss Bowie will teach
next year in the school at Hamlet,
vr n will Jiavp eharere of t he
seventh srade there will tT'ain the
REIECT PEACE PLAN
COURTEOUSLY BUT NONE THE
LESS FIRMLY DECLINE PRO
POSALS OF PRESIDENT HARD.
ING TO SETTLE STRIKE.
HOOVER ON HAND.
New York, Aug. 1.?Railway ex>
cutives of the nation today firmly
but courteously rejected the program
advanced by the Harding adminis
tration for the settlement' of the rail
strike. Willing to accept condition- '
ally two suggestions put forward by
the White House?that both sides
abide by wage decisions of the rail
road labor board and that law suits
springing out of the strike be with
drawn?the heads of 148 roads de
clared emphatically that it was im
possible to reinstate strikers, with '* *
unimpaired seniority rights, the third
provision in the president's plan.
After being told by Robert S. /,
Lovett of the Union Pacific that
there was no moral or practical rea
son for budging from their position,
the executives disbanded, caught the \
first trains for their respective head
4uaibCiD auu muivawcu wum vuv/
were going ahead and would operate
their roads with forces they had as
sembled since the shopmen walked
out on July 1.
The decision not to yield on the
question of seniority was made
known to the White House by tele
graph after the rail heads had lis
tened to a 20 minute address by
Secretary of Commerce Hoover who,
as direct representative of the presi- \ i
dent, told them in effect that the ad
ministration held the seniority ques
tion of minor importance in com
parison with that of upholding the .3
railroad labor board. This action was .
taken in the face of a letter from .
President Harding addressed to T.
DeWitt Cuyler, chairman of the Am
erican Association of Railway Exe
cutives, embodying "the terms of
agreement, as I understand them, '">
upon which the railway managers , .
and united shop crafts workers are
to agree preliminary to calling off'.
the existing strike." f
President Harding had closed his
letter with these two sentences:
"I need hardly add that I have
???="? frt Koliovo i-Vipsp terms will be
l^OOVU VV WtAVT V WMW~V __ _
accepted by the workers. If there is
good reason why the managers can
not accept, they will be obligated to
open direct negotiations or assume
full responsibility for the situation."
In addition Secretary Hoover had
urged upon the executives at their
meeting when the text of the
Harding letter was read, that settle
ment of the rail strike was impera
tive in view of the complicating con
ditions introduced by the coal strike.
BIG FIRE IN HONG KONG
American Hotel ia Badly Damaged
Hong Kong, Aug. 1.?The most .
disastrous fire that has swept the
European business quarters in Hong
Tr ?mt ttoqtkj Virnkp out to
A.UJlg 1U1 man;
night and is still burning fiercely.
Among the buildings badly damaged
is the Carleton Hotel on Ice House
Road, the only American hotel in
CAMPING AT ANDERSON.
Dr. and Mrs. F. E. Harrison and
their family left Monday for Ander
sonville. They will spend about two
weeks there camping on the Harri
son plantation. The trip to Anderson
ville was made by automobile. ,
Dr. and Mrs. Thomas L. Davis of
Augusta, arrived in the city this af
ternoon just as we were cocking: our
!_i.: traV nflF this TSSUe.
They come to spend sometime at
the home of Mrs. Davis's parenta,
Mr. and Mrs. J. S. Stark.