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Abbeville Press a,nu Banner 1
Ustahlished 1844. $2.00 Year. Tri-Weekly Abbeville. S. C.. Wednesday, DecemW 20, 1922 Single Conies. Fivp rw? 78th Yea>\ jj
FURTHER AND\ INTENSJVI
TESTS TO BE MADE DURIN<
YEAR TO COMBAT PEST
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICUi
Washington, Doc. 19.? Step
taken by the department of agricu
tare to combat the cotton bolli wet
vil have brought about a eituatio
"*?ore favorable than ever before,
Secretary Wallace informed Sens
tor Harris of Georgia in a letfce
* atade public today by the senator.
Mr. Wallace declared his depar
! ment had found effective the dus
'%g method and the new metho
developed in Florida and had r<
queste the cooperation of the wj
department in the further testin
?f the possibility of airplane dus
"With these two major and higl
ly promising developments of tfc
past year to thoroughly test out th
coming season" the secretary wrot
''the scientific forces of the d<
partment will be fully occupied an
those who have been studying th
problem feel very confident thi
out of these method* and the on?
now in use will be found a satii
fnrtrvrv combination for practical!
The agriculture *ecretary's lettc
was in reply to one from Senate
Harris, inclosing a communicatio
from a constituent who expresse
the belief that "half had not bee
done by the department whic
should have been done."
"The damage from the cotto
boll weevil varies considerabl
from yeo? to year and this lett*
coming as it does just at the clos
of one of the most seriously ii
jurious seasons experienced in ri
cent years," Mr. Wallace wrot
"no doutbt truly represents th
state of mind of a gre'al} many pe<
fie in the South. Those, howeve
who have been closest to the prol
lem realize the difficulties wil
which the scientific workers
ktd to contend in tlie developmei
f control measures for this inse<
and consider rather that the a<
ancements have been more tha
ould be expected.
"In fact, just at tne present uu
*ke situation is more favorable tha
ever before. The dusting methc
kM in the face of heavy infesti
fcien of this year proved itself ca]
able of satisfactory protecting th
xjroduction of cotton in large are?
f the South. This method seems 1
be especially adapted for the moi
productive areas and where tfc
staple cottons have been develope
aid in those regions where t>
yield per acre is half a bale t
?ore the method has been prove
"Just recently, as? you no dout
laow, Dr. Newell Mid Mr. Georg
' Auith of the Florida experimei
station have published a bulleti
pricing a complete and detailed ai
count of a long series- of exper
Mtents in the usaj of another metho
ceatrol. which aippears to be peci
liarly adapted to meet the cond
Imbs in the Florida region and i
tfcer regions of the South in whic
tie cotton production practically f
fckat before the weevil invasio
seems to warrant the conclusio
tfcat this will prove to be a chea
a?d efficient method over a larg
a?ea in the South. The departmei
i? just at this time requesting c<
deration of the war departmei
mi the further testing of the poss
Wity of aeroplane dusting1.
"The remarkably successful r<
wwlts obtained elsewhere by th
Method seemed to abundantly just
the additional expense that wi
lie incurred in a much more oxter
sfre test to be; carried on this yeai
which should determine conclusiv<
ly whether these machines can h
WINTER WHEAT IN
Soatk Carolina Has 179,000 Acre*
Washington, Dec. 19.? Winter
wheat sowings this fall, estimated
13 by the Department of Agriculture
" today at 46,069,000 acres, are the
third largest ever planted by the
farmers of the country ibut the condition
of the crop la somewhat low,
>s being 8.4 points below the ten1
year December 1 averag condition
J- X I1C CI up ivyvi V4ii^ WVM^M ?
n no forecast of the probable produc"
tion but in an official statement
i- based on average abandonment
>r during this winter and average
condition prevailed until harvest
t- places production at from 575,000,
t- 000 to 600,000,000 bushels. Th<
d first forecast of winter wheat pro
?. ductien will be made by the croi
ir reporting board next May when iti
g estimates of acreage abandonee
t- during the winter will be an
The plantings this fall of wintei
? wheat are about one and one-haU
? million acres less than the revisec
estimate of the plantings a yeai
^ ago and about 540,000 acres lesj
^ than those of the fall of 1918 wher
the record area wa3 sown. Thej
^ exceed the average sowings of tht
last ten years, which is 42,420,000
acrs by almost 4,500,000 acres
The average area harvester in th<
last ten years is 38,416,200 acres
the average abandonment has beeT
9.57 per cent and the range froir
1.1 per cent during the winter oi
** 1918-19 to 31.0 per cenfl during th<
v The area sown to rye this fall ii
5,508,000 acres, or 11.3 per cenl
less than the revised estimatec
n area sown in the fall of 1921 whicl
y was 6,210,000 acres. The conditio!
:r of the crop on December 1, wai
>e 84.3 of a normal, compared wit!
v 92.2 a year ago, 90.5 in 1920 ant
90.8 the ten-year December 1 aver
ie The average of winter whea
sown in Southern States and th<
r' condition on December 1, were x
Virginia, 860,000 acres; condi
tion, 81 per cent.
' North Carolina, 615,000 acres
~ and 83 per cent.
South Carolina, 179,000 and 84.
1 Georgia, 219,00,0 and 89.
Tennessee, 453,000 and 83.
16 Alabama 23,000 and 90.
' Mississippi 4,000, and 84.
' Arkansas, 85,000 and 83.
;0 The Winthrop girls will arriv<
.e at home Thursday and willj liven u]
ie things in the city. Misses Adi
:(j Faulkner, Annie and Margarei
ie Wilson, Mildred Wilson, Hilda Sy
)r fan, Lydia Owens, Mary Reec
n Moore, Mary Stevenson, Margarel
:Dawson, CeiliA Chalmers, Ophelis
. and Cornelia Clink/scales, Virginit
>e Leslie, Janie Vance Bowie, Carri<
Hawthorne, Addie Bowen, Jani?
Milford and Ruth Coleman ar<
, among those who will spend th<
happy season at home.
j. A LANDSCAPE GARDENER
n Mr. H. B. Burley, who has beer
:h in Abbeville for some time, went tc
;o Charlotte for Sunday and spent the
n day. Mr. Burley is landscape
n gardener and has been at work foi
,p some time beautifying the ground*
:e around the Community House,
A FAMILY HOUSE PARTY
i- During the Christmas holidays
Mr. and Mrs. R. G. Hagen will en?
tertain a family house party having
is as their guests Miss Stella Brown ol
i- Greenville, Mr. and Mrs. J. G,
11 Hagen, of Columbia and Mr. and
i- Mm. Reid Ashley of Level Land.
v_ depended upon to materially as,e
sist in the control of this pest."
TRYING TO PUSH
SHIP BILL ASIDE
. BOTH SIDES STRUGGLE FOR
, DOMINANCE IN SENATE.
JOHN SHARP WILLIAMS
SAYS HE WILL NOT VOTE
FOR EITHER MEASURE
Washington, Dec. 19.? Support'
ers of the administration shipping
f bill and members of an alliance be
tween opponents of the measure
' and proponents of the Norris agri'
cultural financing bill struggled for
dominance in the Senate today
? without definite result.
' ' The issue, which was before the
5 Senate throughout n six-hour ses*
sion, was embodied in the motion
> of Senator Norris of Nebraska,
5 chairman of the agriculture com1
mittee, and a leader in the new
progressive bloc, to lay aside the
ship bill and to take up the Senar
tor's own measure to create a govI
ernment capitalized agency to buy
i and sell farm products. The ques"
tion was the subject of numerous
i conferences, and several speeches
i including the maiden address of
r Senator Brookhart, Republican,
An attempt was made soon aftez
. the session began to obtain unans
imous consent for a vote on the
, motion late tomorrow and appeari.
ed on the point of success, but s
t j wrangle over the detail blocked the
: j way. Renewed efforts are to be
i made tomorrow with prospects fa
voring a vote before adjournment
5 Remand that the shipping bill be
t laid aside was made during the
| session by Senator Brookhart, Sen
i ator Borah, Republican, Idaho anc
i Senator Fletcher of Florida, leadei
5 of the Democratic opposition to the
i measure. Senator Ransdell, Demoj
crat, Louisiana, In a four-how
. speech, urged prompt passage oJ
the legislation while Senator Jones
t j Republican, Washington, in chargf
> of it, stood firmly ?a his deter
3 mination to keep tho bill before the
Senate until rural credits legisla
tin could be reported to the Sen
ate by the banking and currency
committee. Chairman McLean o:
Ui.s committee, announced during
the day that such action might b<
expected early next week.
One Senator ?John Sharp Wil
liams, Democrat, Mississippi? an
nounced he would not vote eithei
way on the question because hi
said he would feel himself "disgraced
either way." He said he hac
not thought "it was within the
realm of human ingenuity to frame
a bill worse than the ship subsidj
1 bill "but that Senator Norris bj
1 his measure, "had accomplished the
1 CHRISTMAS AT SCHOOL
1 The schools closed today and
1 iboth teachers and children were
made happy by the closing. In most
of the rooms Christmas trees vrer?
given and the pupils trudged home
through the rain with an arm fall
of eifts. Major Fulp received sev
eral pleasant tokens of esteem a?
did the whole corps of teachers.
i BIGHAM IS TRANSFERRED
> From Death Houte to Main Call
Columbia, Dec 19.?Edmund D.
5 Bigham, of Pamplico, who has
been confined in the death house
at the State penitentiary here for
wenty months, pending his appeal
from sentence to death for the ki.lj
ing of his brother, Smiley Bigham,
. early in 1920, was transferred today
to the main cell building upon
oraers 01 001. j\. rv. oauucrs ou^ci,
intendent of the penitentiary who
1 has announced that hereafter no
prisoners under death sentence except
those who9e execution date
has been definitely fixed will be
kept in the death house.
TALES OF HARDSHIP
IN ICY M NORTH"
TRUDGED FOR THREE DAYS
THROUGH BLINDING SNOW J
STORMS OVER ROUGH COUN- '
TRY IN SEVERE COLD?RE- v
LIANCE WRECKED i
.Sault Ste. Marie, Mich., Dec. 19.
?The tugs Gray and Favorite were
expected to reach here today with
survivors of the wrecked tug Reliance
which was disabled on the
rocky shores of the Lizard islands
in northern Lake Superior nearly a
Four persons lost their liveB
when the small craft founded and
a fifth was reported near death toi
day from exposure.
The dead are Captain John Mc'
Pherson, Fred Regan, Gus Johns
' and an unidentified man, who were
swerpt from the deck of the Reli
ance as they were about to lower a
' life boat with which they hoped to
reach the mainland.
i Nine of the thirty-six persons ;
, aboard the Reliance when shej
smashed her propellor on a rock (
, last Wednesday,/were successful in
reaching the shore and after a ,
' three day's track over rough coun .
try, through blinding snowstorms
) and the severe coid, seven reach
ed a railway station and came to j
i this city. Two were left behind at!
i a lumber caimp. They were Jack|
? Hartens an4 Mrs. Bartens, cooks on
- the Reliance. Mrs. Hartens may not
. survive the shock and exposure,
s according to word reaching here.
Others aboard the Ill-fated craft
. were taken off by the Gray and
I Favorite after five days of sufferr
ing from cold and hunger and the
; fear that rescue boats might not be
. able to reach them.
r The fate of those remaining in
f the Reliance calbin was not known
t until a wireless message yesterday
> froun the Gray announced the four
. deaths and that the others aboard
? the tug would be brought heTe to
Captain McPrehson was an old
j time mariner and a veteran of
f many Lake Superior storms. His
r home was in this city. Regan was a
> member of the forestry department
of a pape* concern ?nd Johns was a
. seaman. The fourth v.'ctim was be.
lieved to have been another emr
ployee of the paper concern and a
; passenger on the tug.
1 Theatrical Producer Bankrupt.
; New York, Dec. 19.?Alleging lia
j bilities of $750,000 and assets of
j $300,000 three creditors today filed
r an involuntary petition in bankrupt>
cy against Max Spiegel, theatrical
producer of this city.
HERE FOR THE WEDDING
[ Miss Louise Long of Charlotte, (
has arrived in the city and will take ,
part tomorrow in the marriage of ,
her friend Miss Winona Barksdale
and Mr. Doyle Hendricks. Mr. and
I Mrs. J. D. Bundy of Monroe arrived ,
* ml i
also ana coming on muraaay mc
, M-'ss Vivian Hendricks and Mr. Leon j
Hendricks of Easley and ?r. and ^
Mrs. B. O. Williams of Clemson (
SAM HILL HOME <
Sam Hill, who is one of the
teachers in the Rock Hill schools,
is at home fo^ the holidays and will
spend the time with his parents,
Mr. and Mrs* R. M. Hill. Mr. Hill
is makng his way in his chosen profession.
* " on iTi
Mr. anq Airs. a. o Layy ui
Madisonville, Ky., will arrive in thel
city Friday and will spend the holi-j (
day sason with their daughter, Mrs.lc
Charlie McNeil on Parker street. 11
OES NOn EXPECT
AMERICA TO MAKE LOAN
Fewspapers Reject The Idea That a
Loan ia Now Possible
London, Dec. 19.?Those newsiapers
to which the British public
ooks for solid and conservatve
;uidance completely reject the ides
hat an American loan to Germanj
3 probable, or in her present con
litions, possible. The journals bas<
heir skepticism on long report:
'rom their correspondents in thi
Jnited States who appear to hav<
jrolbed important sources of infor
nation over the week-end.
The possibility of American in
,erven?ion in Europe's troubles stil
jngrosses attention here. Two o
;hree of the morning papers reiter
ite with more or less striking em
)ellishment last week's stories cor
rerning an impending loan . Th
consensus of opinion, however, i
;hat "there is something in th
ivind and that there is a distinc
possibility that America in som
svay that has not been divulge
will take a hand in helping to solv
the difficulties which hitherto bai
fled European statesmen.
The Times, while depreciatin
exaggerated optimism, says that tb
rumors of American interventio
doubtless have a substratum c
fact. The newspaper welcomes ind
cations of "the fresh Interest an
understanding the united States
showing in European conditions."
The Morning Post, also welcon
ing the "obviously increasing intei
est" of the United States thin!
America "is beginning to recogniz
more clearly that sooner or lat<
ber own industrial prosperity imu!
be affected by the political and ec<
nomic conditions in Europe.
The Daily News, although it do<
not regard American interventio
for the present as more than
"It is highly probabie that sue
intervention would change tl:
whole course of events in Europe.
In all the comment there is
clear eagerness to see interventio
and there are many indicatior
that this desire is bused on a coi
fident belief in the nigh America
LARGEST FOR YEA
Totalled $383,000,000 or $12,000
000 Greater Than October
Washington, Dec. 19.? Amer
can exports in November reache
the highest point or the year a<
cording to official overseas trad
statistics made public today by tb
Department of Commerce showin
an export business totalling $383
mi. vr 1 CIO AAA
lne iNOveinuei" luucu is f??.,wv
000 greater than the value of Octc
ber exports and $90,000,000 greal
er than the value of commoditie
shipped abroad in November las
In comparison with Novembeb
1913, the increase was more tha
A brief statement by the depart
nent declared the November r
:urns showed that American agT:
culture and industry genjjrall;
Denefitted from the increasing ex
sort business. Detailed analysis o
;he trade, however, has *ot beei
nade by the department.
Deputy Dale Ferguson, who ha
>een holding down the sheriff's of
ice during the illness of Mr. Mc
L,ane, has the flu and is confine)
o his home near the city. Mrs
rerguson is sick also.
Dr. Jack Pressly took Mis:
JLadys Brazeale tc Anderson Mon
lay and the young lady had hei
\NCIENT LANGUAGE 1
BUNG RESTORED I
SECRETS OF INDIAN TRIBE
MAY BE REVEALED? DR.
i WILLIAM GA1TES, AFTER
r TU/UMTV VI? A DC AC QTI UW.
A TT bll 1 A ft b/IUW w w |
TELLS OF RESULTS
3 Charlottesville, Va., Dec. 19.?
i Restoration of an almost forgotten
- language with the aid of an unedu"
cated, nearly illiterate self taught
fullblooded Indian from the high'
lands of Guatamala, has been ac*
complished by Dr. "William Gates
r of Charlottsville during the past ,
The Indian is a Quiche, aB4 his
" language, which heretofore never
e had ibeen thoroughly studied, bears
3 the same name. The race and
e tongue are offshoots of the ancient
* Mayas, whose high civilisation, the
e most advanced of any early Ameri^
can people, flourished before the
* Spanish arrived in South and Central
The Mayas built marvelous : J
g cities, palaces and temples, the
e ruins of which dot Yucatan and
n Guatemala. Their descendants are
the Indians and a peon class wh'ch
inhabit that region today. Only the
^ mountain tribes have escaped the
1S advance of civilization.
Through the application of a new
scientific metnou, wnich reaches to
r" the root of language, Dr. Gates ex^
pect to restore the decadent tongue
:e decipher the hitherto unraveled seiT
crets of the ancient Maya hieroglyphic
writings and inscriptions "J
I which have baffled archeologists
for centuries, compile books for
!s the instruction of the Indians and
n eventually restore the literature.
a In his experiments the scientist
has been recording on a smoked
paper cylinder the vibrations of the
stylus actuated by the Indian's
" words spokon into a mouthpiece,
a These records are preserved for
,T1 study of the intricate variations of
18 pronunciation, and already, working
with manuscripts written in the
n Indian tongues by the earliest
Spanish missionaries, Dr. Gates has
found a remarkable preservation
of the ancient speech. The instruR
ment he used is known as the
"kymagraph" or wave writer, and
was invented by an eminent French,
ethnologist for language study. Dr.
Gates was aided by.John P. Harrington,
ethnologist of the Smithi
sonian institution, who has studied
d practically all North American In>
'e Probably the most interesting
e feature of Dr. Gates' work is the
g Indian, Cipriano Alvarado, who asi
sisted him. He nev/r had written .
or read a word until he taueht
r himself at the age of 25. He lives
>- in the almost inaccessible moim- > ...
tains of Central America and is of
s the purest blood descended from
the Maya empire builders.
Dr. Gates, who is director gener'?
al of the national museum of
n Guatemala, has been studying the
Maya inscriptions and ruins for
more than 20 years. As a result of
!" his present studies, he expects
l~ shortly to be able to translate thie
P entire writing system and reveal the
" knowledge and attainments of th?
* Maya civilization. Already, several
11 of the cabalistic symbols have be%i
read, and it is expected that an announcement
concerning the deciphering
of great importance to
ethnologists and archeologsts will
s shortly be made.
i THE SHERIFTF BETTER
Sheriff McLane is getting better
at his home in the city whieh will
J ? 4-? Pwinn/la itlA /*?+*
L?e ftUUU UCTTO tu XilCUUO 1U bile VJWJ
and county. The Sheriff is suffer5
ing from some stomache trouble
- and not from blood poisoning from
r a tooth as was stated in the Press
and Banner on Friday.