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W -- Ve will cing to the pillars of the temple of our liberties,
.LADORDE, Editor P-msAbWEEt
L R Edtr. and if it must fall we will perish amidst the ruius."
VOLUME 3. RaWN=sLU 0. !. (S. 0.) nseh f, 1S3d. w* a
The Edgeneld Advertiser.
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ORDERS. No. 58.
Columbia, Jan. 27, 1638. S
1r1 HE Commander-in-Chiefhas received'
the melancholy intelligence of the
death of Brigadier General 0, J. Trotti of
the 3rd Brigade; and in ordering the usual
tokens of respect, he is paying but a feeble
tribute to the memory of an Officer whose
integrity and beneficence endeared him to
his Brigade. In his zeal fi'r the organiza
tion and improvement of the militia, and
iin his anxious solicitude to discharge faith
fully the arduous duties which his commis
sion imposed upon him, Gen. Trotti was
conspeuous as an officer,whilst his kindnese
of manner, emanating from a benevolent
heart, secured for him the respect and es
teem of those with whom he was associated
-by his office.
1. The o1icers of the 3rd Brigade will
wej upon the hilts of their side arms the
usual badge of mourning for thirty days,and
at the first regimental parade after the date
of this order.
2. Brig. Gen. A. H. Brisbane will con
mnand the 2nd Division until a Major Gen
eral shall have. been elected and commis
3. Col. J. H. Iiogg will command the
:3rd Brigade until a Brigadier General shall
have t-ensi,'ected and commissioned .
4. Gen. Brisbane will forthwith order an
election, according to law. for a Brigadier
General to Command the 3rd Brigade.
By order of the Contnander-in-Chief
Adjutant and Inspector Gen.
Jan. 29, 1838 c 52
Tne Columbia Telescope, Charleston
Mercury and Courier will copy once a week
for three weeks.
A L. L. persons are hereby forewarned
from trading for a certain Note of
Hand, given to me by William I)ohy, for
Seventy five l)ollars, payable to me or bear
er, on the first of January, 1839. Said Note
has been taken from my possession without
my consent, I therefore caution said W.
Doby from paying said note without my
ZELPI1A ;- NOBLE.
Jan 1, 1838 c 48 mark.
A LL persons indebted to the late Jo
seph Brunson deceased, are reques
ted to make immediate paymnent, an all
persons having demands against the estate
of said deceased are requested to present
them duly attested.
TIIOS, BRUNSON, Admin
CALEB TALLEY, istrators.
an.41838 t 48
- LIL persons indebted to Mrs. Ilarrie'
.. Miles, deceased, are requested to make
immediate payment, and all persons having
demands againast the estase olsaid deceased,
are requested to present them duly attested.
D)AN1EL HOL LAND, Admnr.
Jatn. 15 1838 tf 50
&LIL persons having detmanids against the m's
11tate of Matthew Dalton, deceased, late of
Edgefield District, will hamnd thems into the subl
scriber, dulty attestedi, within the time limited be
law, anud those indebted to said estate will nsaky
immedinte payment.i M. UlRAY,
Jan l8, less d 51 Admainist rat ,r.
- EDGEIFIELD DISTRICT
MA RK L AMAR of said District toll,
LV.before me one (lark cream Ihorse,
with white main and tail with a streek iin his
free andi a wart on his left thigh, and somie
appearance of being hipt in thme right hips
five feet five inches high. Appraised by
Thmos. Powell andi A brami Laumar atseven
D. ATKINSON, J. Q.
ann. 31st 1828. e. 3
JUS tcie a fresh sutpply of INDIAN
PANACEA at the Edgefield Medicine Store
Edghefieild C. H April 3, l1837. 9)1s
A Young Negre Womnan capnle for
Ilouse or Field. A pply ait Mr. Penn's
t4. Fe1h in t e ft 2
Petit Golf Cotton sees
T H 8nbarlber of'er. for sale ghout OaE
TRIuoisino Bushels of .PETIT GULF
COTTON S SED, the product of "an (mu
portation direct from the Hills of Petit Gulf in
1835. Also, a few bushels imported from the
sameglace.thelast yew This seed his been
carefully selected fron tha early and best part of
thelastyear's crop. Price oftheformer 25cents
and the latter 50 cents per bushel. Early appli
cation must be made at his residence on Horn's
Creek, Edgefield District, on the Stage Road,
and five miles below the Village, opposite Horn's
Creek Meeting Horse and abotit Tour hUndred
yards from the road, on the right side going
down to Heimburg.
Jana29, 1838 d 52
The Greenville Mountaineer and Pendleton
Messenger ae requested to give the above two
insertions, and forward tlieir accounts to this Of
fice for paytnents -
Naunkeen Cotton Seed, For Sale.
F ROM four to five hundred bushels of
genuine Nankeen Cotton Seed can
be had atone Dollar per bushel by apply
ing to the subscriber at Mr. James Bones'
JOHN II. HUGHES.
Jan. 11837 c 48
Jist Received By
N-COSON & PRESLEY
Good assortoment of Men's and Ladies'
Saddles, Bridles, Martingales, Whips, &c.
Fresh Cheese, Irish Potatoes, Ijc.
They now. have on hand a good assortment of
ind expect constantly to keep up a general as
ortment which they will sell.on reasonable terms
Jan 17, 1838 C50
WILL pay a liberal price for a quanti
ty of Seasoned Waggon Timber, of nll
leseriptions, except spokes and Ibliows.
rhose who have timber for sale are reques
ed to inform me without delay.
Jan. 15 1838 b 50
ALL persons indebted to the estate of Matthe
Devore, deceased, are requested to make
)ayment; and all persons having demands against
ie estate of said deceased are requested to pre
sent thetn duly attested.
WM. BRUNSON, Adm'r.
Jan 18,1838 c51
ALL persons indebted to the late Ths. Rains
ibrd, deceased, are requested to make in
nedinte payment, and all persons having de
,vands nnainst the estate of snid decensed are re
uested to present them duly attested.
M A RTIIA IIAINSFORI), Executrix.
Jan 10, l:36 f 49
A LL persons having any dem.mds against the
Estate of G. Anderson, Sen., deceased, are
requested to present them, and those indebted to
smake pnyment within the time prescribed by law.
A. ANDERSON, Adns'trix.
Jan 10,1: I'If 4
A LL persons indebted to the Estate of John
lIackwell. decensed, are reqested to nuke
immediate payment, amnd those having der ::ds
to present thesm properly attested.
G TENNANT, Administrator.
March 28 18:37 tf
A LL1 Persons indebted to the late Charles
''husmas, decesed, nre regnested to imake
pay ment: and all personms having demands against
the estate of said deceased sre reqested to pore.
4ent thetm duly :attested. JAS. F. ADA MS,
Nov 127, 1r837 tf Adminisratr.
N7Vo ti ce.
A LL persoins havinr demantds against the Es
tate of William ''. Abney, deceased, are re
uested to render them to the Subscriber proper.
IV attested, by the first of Fehruary' m'xt. And
i)rose who ae indebted to said Estate are re
quested to make payment in bills of time Bank of
Ile State if South Carolinn.
Dec 12, 18:37 g 4-> Admsinsist rater.
A LI. personms indsebitedl to thse estaite of Samneo
Caildwell Esq1. laite ofA bheville District dec'd
are regnmested to smaike panyimenit innnediately, iad
those haivinsg demanimds to presenit thmi dialy at
tested witin time timie prescribed by law, to esther
of the sublscribsers.
A. G. CALDWEILL
August 9. 18:37 tf 28
LLPesonis inidebited to the Ilate Chir'- -
ianiiHreithanptli, dcese.d, aret regrLast
ed to miake ismmeidiate' paiyment. Anid all
persons hmavinig dleman mds agaminst thme estate
of said deceaisedl are regniestedl to present
them duly attested.
JOHN BAUTSKETT'I, Er'or.
Pseb. 215. 3-tI
A Lpesnsidetd nothe ot Jeffer
son iehrdso, dceasd, re request
ed to imiake imusmdiate paymenmt, and all
persons hasvinig demanids auginst thme estate
of said deceased are requested to presenst
thmems dimly attested.
JJI'GNJ. RIC i A RDSON, ' dmin
tMarch 8, 181(; if-5
A LL. Persons imdlbted to thme kite Mrs. THe
hmetlanmd ~dmims, dlecesedr, are requmestedl to
imaske imnnniediaite pnymient, timd all personms haiv
inmg demasm sa gainmst thei estaite' of stid de'enised
aire regnemested to psresenut the-mm slily aitte'~tste.
Dcc 1.1~37 DEN-J. MIMS, Exeentor.
Sing on-sing on-young sinless heart,
When morn first gilds the sky,
The merry birds from slumber start,
And warble as they fly.
Joy's flutt'ring wing will glance as bright'
In dawning Hope's delusive light,
As in the perfect day:
Then let the weary love the night !
'Twas made for such as they.
Laugh on-laugh on-gay, thoughtless on}!
For it is summer, now; 4
Why shouldst thou weep, when fortune's sun
Is shining on thy brow?
Vun gaudy cloud, that floats on high,
May hide a tempest, lurking nigh;
Laugh, then, while laugh you may !
[.eave care and grief to- watch and sigh:
Why mourn with such as they ?
Sloep on-sleep on-fond, trusting fair !
Love should no vigils keep,
thou dream'st of bliss; too soon, despair
May wake thee-but to weep.
file summer-breeze, that kiss'd the rose
And drahk its breath, now idly goes
ro warton with the vine ; t
Sleep on ! thy guardian-spirit knows
[f such a fate be thine!
Press on-press on-ambition's son!
The goal is yet towin ;
[leaven grant thecoursewhich thou will rup, I
Lend not to shame and sin;
Fond hearts are crush'd and left to pine-t
the ransom of a soul like thine,
Their price could never pay;
3ut. onward to the glitt'ring shrine !
Why pause for such as they ?
Great Inprortment in Domestic Econom,
Dispensing with Coal as Fuel.-We have
this week to notice a discovery which will
produce a greater change in the arrange
mncuts of domestic life, than' any discovery
perhaps that has been made for a hundred
years past: we allude to the substitution of
gas for coals in the warming of houses, in
cooking operations, &c. 'he principle
on which this is done is so very simple, in
its application so very easy, as to insure the
speedy and extensive adoption of the im
provemet in every place where a supply
of gas can be obtained. The principle is
as easy to describe is to api ly. and id
simply this; the mixture of gas with five
or six times its bulk of atmospheric air, and
the burning of the mixture through wire
The modes of doing this may be varied
according to the taste and fancy ofthe con
sumer. and great room for the display of
taste is aflorded. but we shall describe one
of the simplest modes of application, as
best suited for general purposes. Suppos
ing then, the fire is wanted near the ordina
ry position of the grate, a gas pipe is laid
to the sp)ot, andl the jet is fixed pointing up
wards, so tis to be about fotur itches from
the floor or hearth stotne. The jet is sur
rounded with a sheet iron pipe, or cylitnder
of a diameter frotm 3 1-2 to 7 inchtes, ac
cording to the quantity of fire wvanted, and
of thte height required. say from one to two
feet, and thte cyhitider is covered with a
ptiece of hine wire gauze, kept to its place
by a smnall iron htoop, circumuscuibing the
cylinder in the samte way as the hai r cloth
is seenared on the cotmmtotn sieve.
We: hatve spoken of the mixture of gas
witht five or six times its quantity of attmos
pheric atir, atnd thte qutestion ma~y arise,
htow are 'we to mix subtstanesg which are
neither visible tnor tangible? It fortunately
happens thtat nto care ott this point is neces
sary. Thel hottom of the cyltoder whtich
circumscribes the jet, and in which the
mtxture of air and gas takes place, has
sutpporters fastetned ont it to raise it an inch
or t wo fromt the floor, or opetnitngs are cut
otut of the cylinder itself, so as to admit the
air freely to enter at the bottom. Those
opetnings cant he easily varied by dampers
to admit stuch a quntity of air as may ott
trial be fotimd tmost advantageous. The top
of the cylitnder may pass through an iron
plate, whIch may he kept on u level with
a wire gatnze, and which plate will serve
to bold cotoking utensils in the kitchetn, or
matmle-piece ornaments in drawing rooms,
,tituini rooms, aitd bed rootms. If this ton
plate, as it may be called which may be of
any size or shape required, be exactly on a
level with the wire gauze, then It will be
necessary to place on it a small stand so
as to keep the bottom of a pan, or kettle,
three or four inches from the wire gauze.
A perforated piece of cast iron -nay be laid
on the top of the wire gauze, for the purpose
of raising the flame a title above it. and of
thus rendering it more durable.
_ We need scacely add, that any number
of these fire places cnn be fate! up in a
kitchen range, so that if room permit, a
dozen or a score of pots' may be boiling,
each one its own fire, while to make one
)oil fiercely, & another to simmer slowly,
no labor with poker and tongs is required :
ill that is necessary is a small touch of the
op cock, by which every fire in the range
may be tnnde to burn with diff'erent degrees
With respect to price, it is found that one
et will he quite sufficient for the ttooking
and warming purposes of an ordinary small
amily, occupying a room and kitchen, and
who are in the habit of keeping only one
ire burning. In the lighting of fires, no
:hips, no peats, no pulling and blowing
with mouth or bellows is necessary ; and
what in many cases is highly important, no
ime is lost. A person in kindling a fire
ias only to turn the stopcock, apply a luci
'er or other match and his fire in a second
s in readiness for boiling a kettle or frying
t beef steak, either of which it will do in a
-ery few minutes. Here, then, are coals
vholy dispensed with-here is a total
scape from the nuisance of cinders, ashes,
lust, and what is still more annoying
The discovery which we have been at
empting to describe, we fear rather imper
ectly, was made by Mr. James Cook,
blanager of the Gas Works here, a gentle
nan of teste and scientific skill, who has
lone more perhaps than any other man in
wcotland, in improving gas illumination.
1. i.: has no intention of inking out a pa
ent for his discovery. lie has permi"ed u.
": ' it no fully as we please, that all
vI choose may reap the advantages.
%. mny state in conclusion, that our of
it. was yestenly fitted up in a plain way
with this new variety of Promethean benme
Icence, so that those of our loc readers
who may not understand our description
Tully, may call and have that description il
lustrated by ocular dewonstration.-Paisley
Isaac Wtilton, in his admiral Lives, after
mentioning characieristic anecdotes of Hor
"In a walk to Salisbury, he saw a poor
man with a poorer horse, that was fallen
under his load ; they were both in distress,
and needed present help, which Mr. Her
bert, perceiveing, put oft his canonical coat.
and helped the poor man to unload, and af
ter to load his horse. The poor man bless
ed him for it, mid he blessed the poor man;
and was so like the good Samaitan, that
he gave him money to relish both himself,
and his horse ; and told him, that if he
loved himself, he should be merciful to hit
beast.' Thus he left the pbdr man, and at
his coming to his musical friends at Salis
bury, they began to wonder that .Mr Geo.
Herbert who used to be so trim and cleat
came into that company so soiled and dis.
composed ; btut he told them the occasion:
anal when one of the company told him 'ha
hind disparaged himself by so dirty an em
ploymtent, " his answer was, " that the
thought of whatt he lad done would prova
miusic to him at midnight: and that the
omissiont of it would have upbraided ana
made discord in his conscienice whaensoev.
er he should pass by that place. For if
he bound to pray for all that be in dis
tress, I am star that I amnbonad, as far ai
it is in any power, to practise what I pra)
for. And though I do not wish for the hike
occasion every day, yet let me tell you,]
would not willinagly pass one (lay of mn3
life writhtout comfortinag a sad soul1 or show
ing mercy; aud I paraise G~od for this oc
cason. AndI now let us tunte our instru
CuLTUaE OF TiHE MIND.-The culturl
of the mind should engage your early atter
tion, that you may sooner profit by its cout
sels and its powers. Mind is the great mat
ter powver, which instructs, guides and abrit
ges human labor-the grand source of initel
lectual pleasure-a faculty which distit
guishes man from the brute, anad which, a
it is more or less cultivated, marks the grn
dations in civilized society. Say no: tha
you have no leisure for this, that your timr
is engrossed inl providing for your animne
wanits. Franklin found time to bestow uipo
his mind, hirth and useful cnlture, ami ti
cares and labors of an active mechanic's
life. The hours that the avocations of the
farm allow to study, amount, in the aggre
gate of early life, to months and to years.
Knowledge is power; itis *alth; it is respec
tability; it is happiness; it enduree with life.
The mind may belikenedtothesoil. Both
are given to be inaproved; and the measure
of our enjoyments, and the welfare ofseie
ty, depend upon the good or bad culture *e
bestow upon them. Indolence may be
compared to the coarse marsh plants which
feed upon the soil and taint the air, without
yielding any thing comely or useful inre
turn, for man or beast;-intenperance, to
broken down fences, which permits beasts
to enter and conlsume the earnings ol'indus
try, and beggar the offspring of the owner,
litigation, to the thorns and thistles, which
rob the soil of its fertility, and mar the beauty
of the landscape. While, ou the other hand,
the faithful application of knowledge to the
useful purposes of life, may he likened to the
draining and manuring, which give fertility
to the soil, the good habits which we estab
lish, to the good culture, bestowed by thi
hsbandman-indicative alike of cheerful
ness and plenty;-and the embellishments
of the mind in literature, science and taste,
to the gardens and grounds abounding ill all
that is grateful to the senses, which should
surround and adorn our rural dwellings, and
beautify the countrys
You have chosen an employment which is
honorable, profitable and independent.
Devote to it your best powers, till you have
become master of'the art,or of such branches
of it as you design to follow-and until you
have acquired so much of the science-a
knowledge of the why and the wherefore
of the great laws of nature, upon which good
husbandry is based, as shall enable you to
conduct your operations with judgement and
success. "Who alais at excellence, will be
above mediocrity; who aims at mediocrity,
will fall short of it." So the udage teaches,
and so is the response of experience.-Buel's
A Compliment well descrc'l-and an Er
ample of Imitation.-W- have already al
luded to the many es ekznt impromptu
sentiments produced at ic Lthrrrial Fes
tival; and now express our regret that they
were not gathered up for publication. There
is one, howe'er, which deserves to be rescu
ed from oblivion, as well for thejust compli
ment which it pays to the memory of an
illustrious man, as for the good example
which it inculcates.
Mr. T. W. White of the Messenger, being
prdvented by recent domestic affliction from
attending the festival; trqusmitted the ibl
"ChiefJustice Marshall.-Justly revered
for his many vir tues and ubstillied integrity.
One trait in his character deserves universal
adoption by newspaper patrons. He never
aufered himself to be in arrears to the periodi
cal for wh he subscribed."-Richmond
New Kind of Spectacles.-An impostor,
apparently lame id both legs, his arms in a
sling, and a patch over one eye, presented
himself for charity to a crusty old fellow, who
could see as far through a mill stone as most
"A little charity forthe sake of humanity!
I have been almost cut to pieces fighting the
battle of my country, and am now. as yoti
can perceive. fjauite a spectacle."
"Yes,' was the answer, "I see througl
you quite distinctly."
T1he French Chamberof 1eputies contains
178 functionaries of various kinds. Amon1
the members are seven ex-ministers, 5%
advocates, 12 of whom have been magis
trates, 1 ox peer of France, 41 ex function
aries, 21 military men, 15 bankers, 57 mer
chants, 15 iron masters, 4 literary men,.
agriculturists, 4 landed proprietors, 3 naota
ries, 3 physicians and I soldier. 18 deputies
are members of the Institute.
Ia the gardena of Lambeth Palace which
cover nearly 13 acres, are two of the largest
fig-trees known in England; they cover a
surface tupwa~ ,of 50 feet in height and 4(
in breadth, trunk of the largest is 2E
inches ini circumference, and they are ofth4
B white sort. It is said on good authority
they were brought from Italy, and planted
there by the Cardinal Pole, who was creates
-Archbishop of Canterbury by Queen Mary
-"We have lost," said a gentleman at th
-table of the late Dr. Pearse, Dean of Ely.
s no loss than six eminent barristers in an a
-many months." The Dean .who was-quit
at deaf, rose as his friend finished his remarn
e antd gave the companmy grace: For this an
11 every other mercy, the Lord's name bi
n praisedl." The effect was irresistible.-E,
More's Electric Telegraph.-It is with
sonsedegree of pride, that it falls to our lot
irst to announce the compleW success of
this wonderfti piece of mechanism, and no
place could have been found more suitable
to pursue the course of experiments neces=
eary to perfecting the detail or uiachinery,
than the Speed*ell Works. replete as they
are with every convenience. Prof. Mora
quietly pursed the great nbject; anti has
finally suggested thb possibilty of convey
ing intelligence by electricity, but this is the
first instance of its actual transmission and
The telegraph consists of four parts:
1at. 'The llattery-A Cruickshanck's gal
vanic trough of 60 pair of plates, seven by
eight and a half inches each.
2nd. The Portrue-a..An instrument which
regulates the motioh of the rule. The rate
answers to the stick tt the printers, and in
it the type representing the numbers to be
transmitted are passed beneath the lever
which closes and breaks the circuit.
3d. The Register.-An instrument which
receives & accords the numbers sent by the
Portrulo from any distant station.
4th. ADictionary, containing acomplete
vocabulary of all the words in the English
The communication which we saw made
through h distance of two miles, was the
following sentence:-"Rail Road carsjnst
arrived-345 passengers." These words
were put into numbers from the dictionary.
the numbers were. set up in the telegraph
type in about the same time ordinarily occu
pied in setting up the same in a printing
office. They were then all passed complete
by the Portrule in about half a mintate,
each stroke of the Portrule atone extremity
marking on the register at the other, a,
distance of two miles, instantaneously We
watehed the spark at one and the mark o
the pencil at the other, and they, were as
simultaneous as if the lever itself had struck
the mark. tithe marks or numbers were
easily legible and by means of the dictionary
were resolved again into words.
The superiority of this telegraph over all
hitherto invented is, that day or night, in
clear or in foggy weather, intelligence can
be sent instantaneously. The advantage to
the Government and the country of such a
means of communication are incalculable.
[The cost per mile for constructing an
electric telegradh is estimated at about S600]
-N. York Com. Ado.
CorrespbitesAc the Baltimono Cor. Transcript.
uNOTOr, Feb- 14.
Air. Morse, the inventor of the Electro
Magnetic Telegraph, exhibited his machine
in the Capitol to day, to the gratifieation of
every one that saw the ingenuity of his in
vention. Nothing cfU be more wonderful
than to witness the manner in which the
most mysterious of all agents, is made to
convey to a distance the i.iformation by
means of characters. The Machinery is too
complicated, for me to give you an idea of
the way this invention works, and yet a short
explanation from the inventor makes it at
once simple and intelligible to all.
Mr. Morse exhibited two immense rolls
of sheathed wire wound round a steel bar,
which on being subjected to the galvanic
fluid, h wad the bars to be highly magne
timed, though the wire the fluid had passed
through to them, was ten miles in length.
This fully proved the prarticability of ap
plying this powerful agent on a large scale.
The invention ham excited great interest
among the members of both Houses.
Ely's News Gigantic White Wheat.-T his
is a new variety of winter wheat imported
from England and raised near London.
The size and weight of the berry stbrpasses
any thling of the ind which we have ever
oxatmined; the straw is stout, anid measures
from four to Ave reet in length. We would
i vi our agricultural friends to call at the
store of Air. Win. Blristol of this city, and
look at it, and if they do0 not say it is a little
better than the best we wvill acknowledge that
we are no jud ge.-Oncida (N. Y.) IIrhig
Distilled Spnii.-John Cooper, ineipec
tor general of distilled spirits for the cly of
New-York, reports that he has inspected
within the past year, 24,845 bhls. 3074 hhds.,
and 8506 casks of distilled spirits, containing
in the aggregate,.2,451,000 gallons 1st proof.
Courge.-lt is not the daringnesw of
Skicking a waiter at the tavern, it is not the
strutting with a cockade, dressed in scarlet,
s it is not uttering oaths and imprecations at
e every word, which form the characteristic
' of true courage That man only is brave
who fears nothing so much as comnmitting
a men action, anti undauntedly fulfils
-. hi duty, whatever may he thme dlangers tbat
(ee,atan Masare.--Chan. &.C. Bradr.