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. LADORD s, Editor. -"We will cling-to the pillars of the temple of our liberties,
and if it must fall we will perish amidst the ruins."
VOLUME =. U vI=L= C. . <.. ->match B, 183s.
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ORDERS No. 58.
Columbia, Jan. 27, 1838.
T HE Commander-in-Chief has received
the melancholy intelligence of the
death of Brigadier General G, J. Trotti of
the 3rd Brigade; and in ordering the usual
tokens of respect, ie is paying but a feeble
tribute to the memory of an Officer whose
integrity and beneficence endeared him to
his Brigade. In his zeal for the organiza
tion and improvement of the militia, and
in his anxious solicitude to discharge faith
fully the arduous duties which his commis
sion imposed upon him, Gen. Trotti was
cotispeuous as an officer,whilst his kindness
of manner, emanating from a benevolent
heart, secured for him the respect and es
teem of those with whom he was associated
by his office.
1. The officers of the 3rd Brigade will
wear upon the hilts of their side arms the
usual badge of mourning for thirty days,and
at the first regimental parade after the date
of this order.
2. Brig. Gen. A. H. Brisbane will com
mand the 2nd Division until a Major Gen
eral shall have been elected and commis
,. Col. J. II. Hogg will command the
3rd Brigade until a Brigadier General shall
have been elected and commissioned.
Gen. Bri bae will forthwith order an
election, accor ng to law, for a Brigadier
General to Command the 3rd Brigade.
By order of the Commander-in-Chief
Adjutant and Inspector Gen.
Jan. 29, 1838 c 52
Tnc Columbia Telescope, Charleston
Mercury and Courier will copy once a wcels
for three weeks.
A LL persons indebted to the late Jo
seph Brunson deceased, are reques
ted to make immediate payment, an i all
persons having demands against the estate
of said deceased are requested to present
them duly attested.
THOS, BRUNSON, Admin
CALEB TALLEY, S istrators.
Jan.4 1838 tf 48
ALL persons indebted to the late Jeffer
son Richardson, deceased, are request
ed to make immediate payment, and all
persons having demands against the estate
of said deceased are requested to present
them duly attested.
BENJ. RICH ARDSON,) idmin
THEOfIIILUS HILL, Iistratorsa.
March 8, 1836 6f- 5
A LI Persons indebted to the late Mrs. Be
hetliland Mims, deceased, are reqested to
make immnediate payment, and all persons hay
ing demands against the estate of said deceased
are requested to present them duly attested.
BENJ. MIMS, Execntor.
Dec 9, 18~37 tf 45
ALL Persons indebted to the late Chris
t5. ian Breithaupt, deceased, are requbst
ed to make immediate payment. And all
persons having demands against the estate
of said deceased are requested to piresett
them duly attested.
JOIIN BAUSKETT, Er'or.
Febi. 25. 3-tf
ALL persoins indebted to the Esta'te of John
J:.hlakwell. deceased, are requested to mauke
immtediate paynmetnt, and those having der~ands
to present thiem propserly attested.
G T 'NNANT, Administrator.
March28 1837 sVR
ALL Persons inidebted to the late Charles
.1. Thomas, deceased, are reqnested to make
payment: and all persotns having demands against
the estate of said deceased are requeisted to lpre.
semnt them duly attested. JAS. F. AIDA MS,
Nov 27. 183l7 tf A dnmnist rator.
ALL. pesn htaving any demands ngainst the
-I. Estate of tI. Anderson, Sen., dleceasedi. are
regnested to pre sent thetm, and thosem indebted to
muake payment within the timei prescribed by law.
A. ANDEltSON, Add, 'riir.
Jan 10, 1:% t 49
Nansakccua Couoea Seed, Feo' Sale.
R- O)M .,mr to five hunadred bumshels of
Vgeinuino ankern Cotton Seed can
lie had at oneo Dollamr per bushel by apply
ing to the stubscriber ait Mr. Jinmes Bonies'
JOUIN II, hlUGhEfs.
From Hoe's Every Day Book.
TO THE SUMMER'S ZEPHYR.
Zephyrs, stay thy vagrant flight,
And tell me where you're going
Is it to sip off the dew-drop bright
That hangs on the breast of the lily white
In yonder pasture growing;
Or to revel 'mid roses and mignionette
Or wing'st thou away some - fair lady to
If so, then hie thee tawny, bland boy,
Thou canst not engage in a sweeter employ.
'From kissing the blue of yon bright sum
To the vine-cover'd cottage, delighted, I By,
Where Lucy the gay is shining ;
To sport in the beams of her lovely eye,
While her temples with rosea she's twining
Then do not detain me; I sigh to be there,
To fan her young bosom-to play 'mid her
Soft o'er the mountain's purple brow,
Meek twilight draws her shadowy gray ;
From tufted woods, and valleys low,
Light's magic colours steal away.
Yet still, amid the spreading gloom,
Resplendent glow the western waves
That roll o'er Neptune's coral eaves
A zone of light on evening's dome.
On this lone summit let me rest,
And view the forms to fancy dear,
Till on the ocean's darken'd breast,
Ti. ;tars of evening tremble clear;
Or the moon's pale orb appear,
Throwing her light of radiance wide
Far o'er the lightly curligg tide.
No sounds o'er silence now prevail,
Save of the murm'ring brook below,
Or sailor's song borne on the gale,
Or oar at distance striking slow.
So sweet, so tranquil may my evening ray
Set to this world-and rise in future day.
One of the best legal stories we know of
is that RoundRobin, as it is familiarly call
ed in the lower circuits of North Carolina,
and owes its humor to the very fertile and
cultivated mind of a lawyer, who is still
alive, but in a distant Western State. All
the lawyers attending Court about the year
1810 boarded at the house of Mr. S.---,
who at the beginning of his life, as a publi
can was assiduous and provident, but riches
multiplied, and Boniface became lazy,
crusty and parsimonious. his accommo
dations, as they are usually called, from
being the very best, had by degrees degen
erated into the very worst in the whole
country. This was borne with mutterings
from time to time until in a fit ofdesperation
the whole fraternity of lawyers, after mature
deliberation in Congress assembled, Re
solved to quit the house and go to another
in the same village. The duty ofannoumac
ing the separation was devolved uponi the
gentleman above specified, who wrote thme
following, and sent to tihe Landlord, signed
with the names of all the decidents in a
round ring belowv.
"*When in the course of human events.
it becomes necessary for a half huangry,
half fed, imposed on set of men, to dissolve
the bands of Landlord amnd boarder, a de
cent respect for the opinions of mankind,
reqtuires that they shoukd declare the causes
which have impelled them to the separa
WVe hold these truths to 'oe self evident,
that all men are created with mouths and
hellies: and that they are emndowed by their
Creator with certain unalienable righsts,
among wvhich, is that no man shall 1be comn
pelledl to starve, ouit of mere complaiance
to a Landlord ; anti that every mami has a
right to fill his belly and wet his whistle with
the best that's going.
The history of the present Landlord of
the White Liom is a history of repeated in.
suIts, exactions and injuries, all having ini
direct object time establishment of absolute
tyranny over their stomachs and throats.
To prove this, let facts be submitted to a
lie has reftused to keep any thimg to drink
but buln-fmced ...i:~.:..
He has refused to set upon his table for
dinner, any thing but turnip soup with a
little bull beef and sour-crout, which are
not wholesome and necessary for the public
He has refused to let his only servant
blink-eyed Joe put more than six grains of
coffee to one gallon of water.
He has turned loose a multitude of fleas
and swarms of bed bugs, to assail us in the
peaceful hours of the night and eat our sub
He has kept up in our beds and bed-steads
standing armies of these merciless savages
with their scalping knives and tomahawks,
whose rule of warfare is undistinguished
He has excited domestic insurrection
amoigst us. by getting drunk before break
fast and making his wife and servant so be..
fore dinner, whereby there is often the devi
He has waged cruel war against nature
herself by feeding our horses with broom
straw; and carrying them off to drink where
swine refused to wallow.
He has protected one-eye Joe in his vil
lainy, in the robbery of our jugs, by pretend
ing to give him a mock trial. after sharing
with him the spoil. -
le hascut off our trade with foreign ports
and brought in his ball-faced whiskey, when
we sent him to buy better liquor abroad and
with a perfidy scarcely paralleled in the
most barbarous ages, he has been known to
drink our foreign spirits and fill our bottles
with the most dire portions.
le has imposed taxes upon us, to an
enormous amount, against our consent, and
without any rule bui his own arbitrary will
A Landlord whose character is thus marked
by every act which may define a tyrant and
a miser, is unfit to keep a boarding house
for Cherokee Indians.
Nor have we been wanting in our atten
tion to Mrs. 8- . or Miss Sally. We
have appealed to their native justice and
magnanimity we have conjured them to al
ter a state of things which would inevitably
interrupt our connection and correspon
dence. They, too, have been deaf to the
voice of justice. We are therefore, con
strained to hold all three of these parties
alike inimical to our well being and regard
less of our comfort.
We therefore,- make this solemn declara
tion of our final separation from our former
landlord, and cast our definance at his teeth.
From the Charleston Patriot.
ENCOURAGEMENT OF LITERA
TURE BY GOVERNMENT.
The legitimate mode of encouraging lit
erature by Government is the advancement
to civil stations of those individuals who
have distinguished themselves in intellectu
al pursuits. This should he the reward of
literary or scientific merit in a republic.
In the absence of a system of pensions, by
thus uniting civil with literary honors, ge
nius is flattered and patronized, while the
republic is served and elevated. General
Jackson gave his administration the crown
ing grace that embelished a great name,
when he placed Mr. Wheaton as Minister
near the Court of Denmark, and Messrs.
Irving and Legare in Diplomotic situations
in London and Brussels, Mr. Van Buren
seems no less anxious to pursue this liberal
-this sagacious path, Ile has constantly
promoted to ollice those whose literary ge
nins and acquirenments render their a-lvance-.
tmcnt an act flowing from the justice which
should mark the Chief Magistrate of a re
public, instead of the mere grace and be
nifice wvhich chiaracterise such promotions
in a Monarchy. The late applointment of
Mr. Bancroft to the collectorship of Boston
is an acknowledgement of this principle
wvhich event political enemies applaud, while
it is a theme for exultation to political friends
Mr.iBancroft by his history of the United
States has earned the chaplet of history.
With Mr Wheaton's IHistory of the North
men, and Mr. Prescott's Ihistory of the
Reign of lFerdinand and Issabella of Stalin
it will elevate the literary character of the
This is the system of literary rewvard in
France, btut not in Great Britain. Thbe for
mer recompenses her men of genius by giv.
ing them ollices-the last by giving them
pensions. The first not only conifers civil
distinctions on her citizens made illustrious
by science, but decorates them with ordera.
It is but a short step from the Institute to
the Council-from the Lectureship to the
Magistracy-from simple Citizenship to the
Peerage. In this manner all the talent
which is available by enlarged study and
high intellectual cultivation is enticed into
the service of the State. It is founded in
narrow prejtudice that literary or scientific
nurstira dusqtnalify for civil station. All
study Id meditation whatever invigorates g
the i llect. All modes of investigation a
give e largement to the understanding.- ii
All reasoning on the reldtions of things ii
sharpeds the capacity. Of this truth the e
Frencl Government seem to be fully cen- d
scions. Did Cuvier make a less able Mag- ti
istrate from- having explored the depths of it
science' Did his researches in Compara- n
tive Anatomy interfere with his noble plans y
of educhtton? Did Casimer Perrier pre- g
side witb less dignity or genius in Council a
from haying earned distinction as a Philso- e
opher? has Con'in, Arago, and a host of I
French Savans proved themselves incapa- u
ble Statesmen, when transferred from the h
Lecture Room and Cloister to the Legisla- 11
five Assembly, and the tribunal of Magis- y
tracy? 'lave the liumbolts given less vig- h
or to the Prussian Councils from having t
shed lustre on science? 0
In Great Britain the largess of the Mon- %
arch doles out a miserable annual reward ti
to personages made eminent in literature
and science, in the shape of a pension.- t
The literary or scientific man is a mere %
sinecurist with pauper Lords and Ladies ! p
How degrading to the receiver? How dis- r
honouring to intellectual pursuits? How fa
mean in its principle? How little promo- n
tive of justice or the ends of a noble liber- '
ality? The association between intellect si
in its several spheres of exercise-the union gi
of men of Letters with Statesmen whose
pursuits are exclusively political, presents
a combination that is reciprocally benefi- al
cial to the State and in general intellectual s'
culture. The man of abstract inquiry, who T
meditates on general principles, by his al. a1
liance with men of action and technical de- a
tail, accomplishes that interfusion of theory a
with practice 'vhich best realizes the idea it
of perfect statesmanship. The historian
who sagaciously explores the springs of %
human acyon can best assist to unravel the h'
tangled wob of political intrigue. T.he man s
of large general cultivation carries into the 0'
conduct of human affnirs that well balanc- G
ed mind,that liberality of philanthropic tr
spirit which are the best foundations of civil el
polity and political administration. It is fr
therefore the rankest prejudice that abuses ri
the incompetence of literary and sci- It
entific men for a political life and career.- ti
Machiavel was a profound historian us well c'
as an accomplished Statesman. Cicero al
was as wise in Council as he was richly in- ti
bued with the truths of Philosophy and se
ladened with the treasures of general knowl- ti
We feel proud then that the Republican 'I
Administration of the new world have be- c
gun to act on the principle of giving oflice c'
to literary an.d scientific men where it cap a
be done with propriety. This opens the c'
avenues of honorable ambition, in active C
life, to those against whom they have been
closed in that country from which we have
copied so many of our usages. But if in h
any land it is allowable to permit the lauels
that decorate the brow of the Statesman to t
become entwined with the wreaths of liter
ature & Science, surely it- is in this, where
the Constitution in theory draws no line.
between the citizens, except that of talent c
ANECDOTE or Da. RooEas.-The Rev. s
John Rodgers and several of his hearers O
were once summoned to appear before Sir u
Richard Craddock, a justice of the peace, e
rfor worshipping God according to the die- a
tales of theirconscience. WVhile they were (I
waiting in the great hall, expecting to be a
called upon, a little girl, 6 or 7 years old
who was Sir Richard's grand daughter, hap- t
pened to come into the hall, she looked at
Mr. Rodgers and was mtuch taken with his.
venerable appearance. Being naturally ~
fond of children, he took her upon his knee
caressed her,and gave her some sweetmeats. L
The childl being a particular favorite of her '
grandfather, had acquired so great an as
cendancy over him that he could deny hert
nothing, and possessing too violent a spirit
to hoar contradiction, she was indulged in
every thing she wanted. At one time,when
she had been contradicted, she ran a pen
knife into her arm, to the great danger of
her life. Trhis ungovernable spirit was in
the present instance, over-ruled for good.
While shew'as sitting on Mr. Rodgers' knee,
eating the sweetmeats, she looked earnest
ly at him and asked, "what are you here
ror, Sir?" Hie answered, "I believe your
grandfather is going to send me and my
friends to gaol." Upon this she ran up to
the chamber where Sir Richerd was, and
knociking with her head and heels till she
got in, she said to him, "What are you go
ing to do with my good old gentleman in
the hall ?" "That's nothing to you " said
he, "get about your business." "But I
wont," says she; "he tells mmeetat me, nmc ,
oing to send him and his friends to gaol,
nd if you do send them, I'll drown myself n
a the pond as somn as they are gone: 1 will g
deod." When he saw the child thus per- a
mptory, it shook his resolution, and in- t
uced him to abandon his design. Taking 2
te mittimus in his hand, he went down a
ito the hall and thus addressed these good o
an': "1 had here yegf mittimus to send *
ou all to gaol, as you deserve; but at my s
randchild's request, I drop the prosecution g
ad set you all at liberty." They all bow- n
d and thanked his worship. But Mr. o
Lodgers going to the child, laid his hand ']
pon her head, and lifted up his eyes to b
eaven said-"God bless you my dear child! i
lay the blessing of that God whose cause t
nu have now pleaded, though you know I
im not, be upon you in life, at death and d
) all eternity!' The prayer of the good
Id man was heard, and many years after t
as graciously answered in her conversion
An additional fact may increase the in- G
!rest of this anecdote. A son of Dr. R.
ho was, years after this. participating the
oliteness and hospitality of a pious lady, o
ilated at dinner the above incidents of his
ther, for the entertainment of the compa
y. When he was through, the lady says, g
re you the son ofthat Dr. Rodgers?'Ilo an
vercd yes. She replied, "I am that little
The Dying Man.-It is a very terrible s
ad amazing thing to see a man die, and -s
lemnly take his last leave of the world.- n
he very circumstance of dying men is a
it to strike us with horror. To hear such p
man how sensibly he will speak of the t
her world, as if he were just como from e
rather than going to it ; how severely he i
ill condemn himself for the folly and il
ickedness of his life; with what passion t
will wish that he had lived better, and had e
rved God more sincerely ; and how seri- 0
sly he will resolve upon a better life, if t
od would be pleased to raise him up. and
y him once more; with what zeal and
arnestness he will commend to his best
iends and nearest relations a virtuous and
ligious course of life. as the only thing
at will minister comfort to them when
icy come to be in his condition. Such dis
urses as these are very apt to move and
Tect men for the time, and to stir up in
em very good resolutions. whilst the pre
nt fit and imprvr:sion lasts ; but because
lese sights are very frequent, they have so
ildom any permanent effect 'upon men.
hey consider that it is a very common
tuse, and sinners take example and en
>ragement from one another; every one is
Iected for the present, few are so effectualy
mvinced as to be-take themselves to a bet
Prussic Acid in the Blood.-The following
arling fact is stated in Dr. Sigmoud's
etures on Materia Medica. However ex
aordinary it may seem it has been proved
y actual experiment, that the pruximate
rinciples of Prussic acid actually are pre
:nt in our bodies, and may under sonie cir
wmstances, be developed.
"This very poison, a small quantity of
rhich pure and concentrated killed profes
or Scharinger, at Vienny when diffused
a the naked arm may be said toexist within
s and circulate in our frames. It can only be
btained from us with the greatest facility
finer death, lbut isa formed in certain
iseases of the fluids of'the body. The blue
ain which is imparted to linen from blood
:a state of decomposition, owes its color to
is deadly poison."
A Steam Wind Instrument.--We notice
a the United States Gazette, that Mr.
korris of Philadelphia has applied a trom
one0 to steam locomotives, which is played
,ith such a gusto by the steam, that it can
c heard many squares, tooting away above
be noise of the steam emngine cars. Not
ontent with a single pi po, Mr, N. is about
a atdd several of dillforent keys, so thet there
ay be a concert a steam instruments.--N.
The quiet quaker population about Cam
en. N. J. opposite Philadelphia, are out
ather ferociously against horse racing.
tcounty maeeting at Woodbury denounces
lie Camden course, and says racing is no
etter than gambling in disguise-and they
re fer inferiority of breed in horses to a de
ravied race ofmen, "a nuacheus for the dregs
f society," &c. The peparatory Sabbath
rainings on the course on Sunday seem to
iave excited much indignation. They ask
ar a renewal of the repealed law prohibit
ag horse racing.
Fancy without judgment is all sail and no
Apprentices in the Navy.-Webelieveit is
ot generally known among parents and
:ardians, (says the. U. S. Gazette,) that by
law of Congress in 1837, apprentices are
aken into our navy to serve until they are
1 years old. They are taught reading,
writing, artbmotic, navigation, and the art
f seamanship, and are well clothed. After
erving out the time of their indenture, they
till be promoted to the situation ofgunners,
unners' mates, quarter ganners, quater
casters, and other situations of respeciahility
n board ship according to their merits.
"his is one step towards increasing the numn
er of native born seamen for our navy, and
will be the means of giving employment
hundreds of boys that might otherwise be
ropght up in idleness, which often leads to
,isgraee and ruin. We would be glad to
ee a law of Congress requiring our mercan
ile marine to carry apprentices. It certainly
would not be objected to on the part of our
merchants, whose ships are now filled with
sreign seamen, of every country, who can
ot feel that interest in the welfare of the
hip and cargo, that would be fu t by our
wn hardy sons of the ocean.
How to raise a Blister.-The Lnneet
ives the, following quick and simple mudi
f raising a blister:
"The surgeon cuts a piece of brown pa
er of the size and shape he intends vesicat
ig. This being well damped or moistened
rub water, is placed on the limb affected; a
Moothing iron, (such as is used by washer
romen,) being previously well heated, is
pplicd over the moistened paper, this plan
reduces a vesicated surface almost instan
mueously, being effected by the steam gen
rated by the contact of the hot iron and
toistened paper. This method of blister
ig, being more speedy and less painibl
aan that commonly adopted, is now gen
rally used in all cases where it is a mutter
f importance to produce immediate vesica
GEORGE BANCaOFT, the autior of the
listory of the U. States, has been appointed
,ollector of the Customs for the City of
loston. The Madisonian thus notices his
"George Bancroft has been appointed
,ollector of the Customs for the ports of
loston and Charlestown, in the place of
)avid Henshaw, resigned. Mr. Bancroft
t one of the finest scholars of the country.
nd perhaps the ablest historian of the age.
;is history of America, the second volume
f which has just been published, has been
onsidered equal to Gibbon's History of the
toman Empire, in point of profound his
arical research and philosphical acumen.
Ve know not how he may fancy an exchange
f his delightful literary retirement for the
urmoil of a large commercial Custom
From the Jackson Republican.
TurNcas wE HATE.-We hate to see very
ittle men ride very big horses, for if they
hould fall, the probability is that they would
We hate snakes, unless they rattle. A
nan is a fool to be bitten after fair warning.
We hate to see a man without money, and
ave a pocket full ourself. Prudence says
eep it, and the world cries hold fast; so poor
onscioetce is kept quiet by public opinion.
We hate to hear people in church sing
brough their noses instead of their throats.
t may be a very sanctified way, but not a
We hate to pay our own debts, but expect
very onel to pay us.
We hate sin, and like religion.
We hate men who are smarter than us to
ae constantly ringing it in our ears. If the
vorld thinks a man smart, it does not mater
sow big a fool he is in reality.
We hat. to see a young man go into a
grocery in day.light to take a drink. It
ooks so like dissipation. And thea goodt
aid mother 'Morality is apt to go inito lira
uhenever she hears of it.
An extensive Editorial Force.-A Crrman -
aper bas heen started in Philadelphia which
s edited and published by six doctors, one
najor and three privates, besides which they
lave beena promised assistance in the way of
'ditorials from four lawyers and a literary
Fire and Fury, Guns and Thumder.
['he first number of a neutral paper, com
notnced at Naples, (Illinois) contains the
'ollowing :-"With fearless footsteps we'1l
read the billows beneatika sky of' wrath,
mur halyards tipped with fire, carrying with
is a tongue ofthunder, and none shall con
juer unmil the last armed man has deserted
ir fallen in the conflict." This museh sa .