".We will cling to the pillars of the temple of our liberties,
-YE L D EEdior and if it must fall we will perish amidst the ruin.P LIS ED W EEEEY.
VOLUME 3. =nP3===L. c. U. (. C.) I..haS 1,3a. . 9,. 8.
The Edgefeld Advertistir.
EVERY THURSDAY MORNING.
TERMS.-Three Dollars per annum If pat
in advance,-Three Dollars and Fifty Cents if
paid before the oxpiration of Six Months from
the date of Subscrrption,-and Four Dollars-if
not paid within Six Months.' Subseribers out of
the State are required to pa in advace.
No subscription received for less than Die year,
and no paper discontinued, until all arrearages
are paid, except at the option of the Editor.
All subscriptions will be continued unlessother
wise ordered, at the end of the year.
Any person procuring five Subscribers and
becoming responsible for the same, shall receive
the sixth copy gratis.
ADVarTsaXzwrs conspicuously inserted at
,2J cents per square, for the first Insertion, and
43 cents for ech continuance. Advertisements
not having the number of insertions marked on
them, will be continued until ordered out, and
All Advertisements intended for publication in
this paper, must be deposited in the Office by
All communcations addressed to the Editor,
(POST-PAID) will be promptly and strictly at
Columbia, Jan. 27, 1838.
T HE Commander-in-Chief tias received
the melancholy intelligence of the
death of Brigadier General G, J. Trotti of
the 3rd Brigade; and in ordering the usual
tokens of respcct, lie is paying but a feeble
tribute to the memory of an Officer whose
integrity and beneficence endeared him to
his Brigade. In his zeal fi'r the organiza
tion and improvement of the militia, and
in his anxious solicitude to discharge faith
fully the arduous duties which his commis
sion imposed upon him, Gen. Trotti was
coqspcuous as an offlcer,whilst his kindness
of manner, emanating from a benevolent
heart, secured for him the respect and es
teem of those with whom lie was associated
by his office.
1. The officers of the 3rd Brigade will
wear upon the hilts of their side arms the
usual badge of mourning for thirty days,and
at the first regimental parade after the date
of this order.
2. Brig. Gen. A. H. Brisbane will com
mand the 2nd Division until a Major Gen
eral shall have been elected and commis
;I. Col. J. Ht. Ilogg will command the
3rd Brigade until a Brigadier General shall
have been elected and commissioned.
Gen. Brisbane will forthwith order an
election, accordFn to law. for a Brigadier
General to Command the 3rd Brigade.
By order of the Commander-in-Chief
Adjutant and Inspector Gen.
Jan. 29, 1838 c 52
Tne Columbia Telescope, Charleston
Mercury and Courier will copy once a weuls
for three weeks.
A LL persons indebted to the late Jo
seph Brunson deceased, are reques
ted to aiko immediate payment, an all
persons having demands against the estate
of said deceased are requested to present
them duly attested.
THOS, BRUNSON, Admin
CALEB TALLEY, istrators.
Jan.4 1838 tf 48
A LL persons indebted to the late Jefler
son Richardson, deceased, are request
ed to make immediate payment, and all
persons having demands against the estate
of said deceased are requested to present
them duly attested.
IIENJ. RICHARDSON,) ,dmin
THEO.PIHILUS HILL, : istrators.
March 8. 1836 tf
A LL. Persons indebted . the late Mrs. Be
hethland Mims, deceased, are requested to
make immediate payment, and all persons hav
ing demands against the estate of said deceased
are regnested to p resent them diuiy attested.
BENJ. MIMS, Executor.
SDec 9,1837 f 45
ALL Persons indebted to the late Chrig
.5.tian Breithaupt, deceased, are requat
ed to make immediate payment. And all
persons having demands against the estate
of said deceased are requested to present
them duly attested.
JOHN BAUSKETT, E~ror.
Feb,. 25. 3-tf
ALL~ persons indebted to the Estate of John
Blackwvell. deceased, are reqnested to make
immediate paymnt, and thoso having demsands
to present them pro >erly attested.
G T 'NNANT, Admnitrator.
March 28 1837 e
A LL Persons inidebted to the late Charles
Thomas, deceased, are reqnested to mnake
payment: and all persons having denmands against
the estate of said decensed a regnested to lpre
sent thmemt dhuly attested. JAS. F. AlDAMS8,
Nov 27. 1i47 tV Adin ist rator
LLT persns~~ hazving any demands against the
S.Estaite of (i. Anderson, Sen., dleceasedl, are
regnieted to present them, and thiose indeb~ted to
muake paymnit within the tinme prescribed hv law.
A. A NDERtSON, Ad:,'srir.
Jan 10. 139 tf 49
N ankeent Cotton Seed, For Sale.
g ROM four to Iive hundred butshels of
.' genuino Nankern Clotton Seed can
Ihe had4 ati one Dollar per hutshel by alpply
ing to tho subiscriber a t Mr. James Bones'
JOUN I1, iUGIIES.
ran. 1 tQ3 e .
From Hone's Every Day Book.
TO THE SUMMER'S ZEPHYR.
Zephyrs, stay thy vagrant flight,
And tell me where you're going
Is it to sip off the dew-drop bright
That hangs on the breast of the lily white
In yonder pasture growing;
Or to revel 'mid roses and mignionette
Or wing'st thou away some fair lady to
If so, then hie thee tway, bland boy,
Thou canst not engage in a sweeter employ.
"From kissing the blue of yon bright sum
To the vine-cover'd cottage, delighted, I fly,
Where Lucy the gay is shining ;
To sport in the beams of her lovely eye,
While her temples with roses she's twining
Then do not detain me; I sigh to be there,
To fan her young bosom-to play 'mid her
Soft o'er the mountain's purple brow,
Meek twilight draws her shadowy gray ;
From tufted woods, and valleys low,
Light's magic colours steal away.
Yet btill, amid the spreading gloom,
Resplendent glow the western waves
That roll o'er Neptune's coral eaves
A zone of light on evening's dome.
On this lone summit let me rest,
And view the forms to fancy dear,
Till on the ocean's darken'd breast,
The stars of evening tremble clear;
Or the moon's pale orb appear,
Throwing her light of radiance wide
Far o'er the lightly curlitig tide.
No sounds o'er silence now prevail,
Save of the nurm'ring brook below,
Or sailor's song borne on the gale,
Or oar at distance striking slow.
So sweet, so tranquil may my evening ray
Set to this world-and rise in future day.
One of the best legal stories we know of
is that RoundRobin, as it is familiarly call
ed in the lower circuits of North Carolina,
and owes its humor to the very fertile and
cultivated mind of a lawyer, who is still
alive, but in a distant Western State. All
the lawyers attending court about the year
1810 boarded at the house of Mr. S.----,
who at the beginning of his life, as a publi
can was assiduous and provident, but riches
multiplied, and Boniface became lazy,
crusty and parsimonious. His accommo
dations, as they are usually called, from
being the very best, had by degrees degen.
erated into the very worst in the whole
country. This was borne with mutterings
from time to time until in a fit of desperation
the whole fraternity of lawyers, after mature
deliberation in Congress assembled, Re
solved to quit the house and go to another
in the same village. The duty ofanniounc
ing the separation was devolved upon the
gentleman above specified, who wrote the
following, and sent to the Landlord, signed
with the names of all the decidenms in a
round ring belowv.
"When in the course of htman events.
it becomes necessary for a half hungry,
half fed, imposed on set of meni, to dissolve
the bands of Landilord and boarder, a de
cent respect for the opinions of mankind,
requires that they shoul declare the causes
which have impelled them to the separa
We hold these truths to 'oe self evident,
that all men are created with mouths and
hollies: and that they are endowed by their
Creator with certain unalienable rights,
among whlich, is that no man shall 1he com
pelled to starve, out of mere complaisance
to a Landlord; and that every man has a
right to fill his belly and wet his whistle with
the best that's going.
The history of the present Landlord of
the White Lion is a history of repeated in
suIts, exactions and injuries, all having in
direct object the establishment of absolute
tyranny over their stomachs and throats.
To prove this, let facts be submitted to a
H~e has refused to keep any thing to drink
ut hatlr-fci ...:o.:.1.
He bas refused to set upon his table for
dinner, any thing but turnip soup with a
little bull. beef and sour-crout, which are
not wholesome and necessary for'the public
He has refused to let his only servant
blink-eyed Joe put more than six grains of
coffee to one gallon of water.
He has turned loose a multitude of fleas
and swarms of led bugs, to assail us in the
peaceful hours of the night and eat our sub
He has kept up in our beds and bed-steads
standing armies of these merciless savages
with their scalping knives and tomahawks,
whose rule of warfare is undistinguished
He has excited domestic insurrection
amongst us, by getting drunk before break
fast and making his wife and servant so be
fore dinner, whereby there is often the devi
He has waged cruel war against nature
herself by feeding our horses with broom
straw; and carrying them off to drink where
swine refused to wallow.
He has protected one-eye Joe in his vil
lainy, in the robbery of our jugs, by pretend
ing to give him a mock trial. after sharing
with him the spoil.
He hascut off our trade with foreign ports
and brought in his ball-faced whiskey, when
we sent him to buy better liquor abroad and
with a perfidy scarcely paralleled in the
most barbarous ages, he has been known to
drink our foreign spirits and fill our bottles
with the most dire portions.
Ie has imposed taxes upon us, to an
enormous amount, against our consent, and
without any rule bui his own arbitrary will
A Landlord whose character is thus marked
by every act which may define a tyrant and
a miser, is unfit to keep a boarding house
for Cherokee Indians.
Nor have we been wanting in our atten
tion to Mrs. S- . or Miss Sally. We
have appealed to their native justice and
magnanimity we have conjured them to al
ter a state of things which would inevitably
interrupt our connection and correspon
dence. They, too, have been deaf io the
voice of justice. We are therefore, con
strained to hold all three of these parties
alike inimical to our well being and regard
less of our comfort.
We therefore,-make this solemn declara
tion ofour final separation from our former
landlord, and cast our definance at his teeth.
From the Charleston Patriot.
ENCOURAGEMENT OF LITERA
TURE BY GOVERNMENT.
The legitimate mode of encouraging lit
erature by Government is the advancement
to civil stations of those individuals who
have distinguished themselves in intellectu
al pursuits. This should he the reward of
literary or scientific merit in a republic.
in the absence of a system of pensions, by
thus uniting civil with literary honors, ge
nius is flattered and patronized, while the
republic is served and elevated. General
Jackson gave his administration the crown
ing grace that embelished a great name,
when he placed Mr. Wheaton as Minister
near the Court of Denmark, and Messrs.
Irving and Legare in Diplomotic situations
in London and Brussels, Mr. Van Buren
seems no less anxious to pursue this liberal
-this sagacious path, le has constantly
promoted to office those whose literary ge
niiis antd acquirenmeiits render their alvance
meat an act flowing from the justice which
should mark the Chief Magistrate of a re
public, instead of thme mere grace and be
nifice which characterise such promotions
in a Monarchy. The late appointment of
Mr. Bancroft to the collectorship of Boston
is an acknowledgement of this principle
which even political enemies applaud, while
it is a theme for exultation to political friends
Mr.'Iancroft by his history of the Utnited
States has earned the chaplet of history.
With Mr Wheaton's Ihistory of the North
men, andl Mr. Prescott'a Ihistory of' the
Reign of Perdinand and Issabella of Spain
it will elevate the literary character of the
This is the system of literary reward in
France, but not in Great Britain. The for
mer recompenises her men of genius by giv.
ing them offices-the last by giving them
piensions. The first not only confers civil
distincuions on her citizens made illustrious
by science, but decorates them with order.
It is but a short step from the Institute to
the Council-from the Lectureship to the
Magistracy-from simple Citizenship to the
Peerage. In this manner all the talent
which is available by enlarged study and
high intellectual cultivation is enticed into
the service of the State. It is founded in
narrow~ prejiudice that literary or scientific
nursuits disqalify for civiltstation. All
study 4d meditation whatever invigorates
the in llect. All modes of investigation
give e largement to the understanding.
All reasoning on the reldftions of things
sharpeds the capacity. Of this truth the
Frencl; Government seem to be fully eqn
scious. Did Cuvier make a less able Mag
istrate from- having explored the depths of
science Did his researches in Compara
tive Anatomy interfere with his noble plans
of educiataon? Did Casimer Perrier pre
side with less dignity or genius in Council
from baying earned distinction as a Philso
opher? Has Consin, Arago, and a host of
French Savans proved themselves incapa
ble Statesmen, when transferred from the
Lecture Room and Cloister to the Legisla
tive Asiembly, and the tribunal of Magis
tracy? Have the if umbolts given less vig
or to the Prussian Councils from having
shed lustre on science?
In Great Britain the largess of the Mon
arch doles out a miserable annual reward
to personages made eminent in literature
and science, in the shape of a pension.
The literary or scientific man is a mere
sinecurist with pauper Lords anad Ladies !
How degrading to the receiver? How dis
honouring to intellectual pursuits? How
mean in its principle? How little promo
tive of justice or the ends of a noble liber
ality? The association between intellect
in its several spheres of exercise-the union
of men of Letters with Statesmen whose
pursuits are exclusively political, presents
a combination that is reciprocally benefi
cial to the State and in general intellectual
culture. ;The man of abstract inquiry, who
meditates on general principles, by his al
liance with men of action and technical de
tail, accomplishes that interfusion of theory
with practice -vhich best realizes the idea
of perfect statesmanship. The historian
who sagaciously explores the springs of
human at4ion can best assist to unravel the
tangled wpb of political intrigue. T-e man
of large general cultivation carries into the
conduct o human alibirs that well balanc
ed minds-that liberality of philanthropic
spirit which are the best foundations of civil
polity and political administration. It is
therefore the rankest prejudice that abuses
the incompetence of literary and sci
entific men for a political life and career.
Machiavel waq a profound historian us well
as an accomplished Statesman. Cicero
was as wise in Council as he was richly im
bued with the truths of Philosophy and
ladened with the treasures of general knowl
We feel proud then that the Republican
Administration of the new world have be
gun to act on the principle of giving otlice
to literary an.] scientific men where it can
be done with propriety. This opens the
avenues of honorable ambition, in active
life, to those against whom they have been
closed in that country from which we have
copied so many of our usages. But if in
any land it is allowable to permit the laut els
that decorate the brow of the Statesman to
become entwined with the wreaths of liter
ature &Science, surely it- is in this, where
the Constitution in theory draws no line,
between the citizens, except that of talent
ANECDOTE OF Da. Roomas.-The Rev.
John Rodgers and several of his hearers
were once summoned to appear before Sir
Richard Craddock, a justice of the peace,
for worshipping God according to the die
tatesof theirconiscience. Whlile they were
waiting in the great hall, expecting to be
called upon, a little girl, 6 or 7 years old
who was Sir Richard's grand daughter, hap
pened to come mnto the hall, she looked at
Mr. Rodgers and was mu~ch taken with his
venerable ap~pearancee. Being naturally
fond of children, he took her upon his knee
caressed her,and gave her some sweetmeats.
The chilM being a particular favorite of her
grandfather, had acquired so great an as
cendancy over him that lie could deny her
nothing, and possessing too violent a spirit
to hear contradiction, she was indulged in
every thing she wanted. At one time,when
she had been contradicted, she ran a pn
knife into her arm, to the great danger of
her life. This ungovernable spirit was in
the present inistance, over-ruled for good.
While she was sitting on Mr. Rodgers' knee,
e'tting the sweetmeats, she looked earnest
ly at him and asked, "what are you here
for, Sir?" lie answered,'"I believe your
grandlfather is going to setnd me and my
friends to gaol." Upon this she ran up to
the chamber where Sir Richard Was, and
knock~ing with her head and heels till she
got in, she said to him, "What are you go
ing to do wvith my good old gentleman in
the hall?1" "That's nothing to you" said
he, "get about your business." "But I
wont," says she; "he tells meat n. i. ..
going to send him and his friends to gaol,
and if you do send them, I'll drown myself
in the pond as sorn as they are gone: I will
indeed." When he saw the child thus per
emptory, it shook his resolution, and in
duced him to abandon his design. Taking
the mittimus in his hand, lie went down
into the hall and thus addressed these good
men: "I had here yqy mittinus to send
you all to gaol, as you deserve ; but at my
grandchild's request, I drop the prosecution
and set you all at liberty." They all bow
ed and thanked his worship. But Mr.
Rodgers going to the child, laid his hand
upon her head, and lifted up his eyes to
heaven said-"God bless you my dear child!
May the blessing of that God whose cause
you have now pleaded, though you know
him not, be upon you in life, at death and
to all eternity!' The prayer of the good
old man was heard, and many years after
was graciously answered in her conversion
An additional fact may increase the in
terest of this anecdote. A son of Dr. R.
who was, years after this. participating the
politeness and hospitality of a pious lady,
related at dinner the above incidents of him
father, for the entertainment of the compa
ny. When he was through, the lady says,
'are you the son ofthat Dr. Rodgers?' le an
swered yes. She replied, "I am that little
The Dying Man.-It is a very terrible
and amazing thing to see a man.die, and
solemnly take his last leave of the world.
The very circumstance of dying men is
apt to strike us with horror. To hear such
a man how sensibly he will speak of the
other world, as if he were just come from
it, rather than going to it; how severely he
will condemn himself for the folly and
wickedness of his life; with what passion
he will wish that he had lived better, and had
served God more sincerely ; and how seri
ously he will resolve upon a better life, it
God would be pleased to raise him up. and
try him once more; with what zeal and
earnestness he will commend to his best
friends and nearest relations a virtuous and
religious course of life. as the only thing
that will minister comfort to them when
they come to be in his condition. Such dis
courses as these are very apt to move and
affect men for the time, and to stir up in
them very good resolutions. whilst the pre
sent fit and impression lasts ; but because
these sights are very frequent, they have so
seldom any permanent effect upon men.
They consider that it is a very common
cause, and sinners take example and en
couragement from one another; every one it
affected for the present, few are so effectualy
convinced as to be-take themselves to a bet
Prussic Acid in the Blood.-T he following
startling fact is stated in Dr. Sigmond's
lectures on Materia Medica. However ex
traordinary it may seem it has been proved
by actual experiment, that the proximatc
principles of Prussic acid actually are pre
sent in our bodies, and may under some cir
cumstances, be developed.
"This very poison, a small quantity of
which pure and concentrated killed profes
sor Scharinger, at Vienny when difisel
on the naked arm may be said to exist within
us and circulate in our frames. It can only be
obtained from us with the greatest facilitj
after death, but is formed in certain
diseases of the fluids oi'the body. The blue
stain which is imparted to linen from blood
in a state of decomposition, owes its color to
this deadly poison."
A Steam Wind Inatrument.-We notice
in the United States Gazette, that Mr.
Norris of Philadelphia has applied a trom
bone to steam locomotives, which is played
with such a gusto by the steam, that it cat
Ibe heard many squares, tooting away above
the noise of the steam engine cars. Noi
content with a single pipe, Mr, N. is aboul
to add several of different keys, so thet there
may be a concert o steama instrumaents.--N.
The quiet quaker population about Cam
den. N. J. opposite Philadelphia, are out
rather ferociotusly against horse racing.
A county meeting at Woodbury denounces
the Camden course, and says racing is no
better than gambling in disguise-and they
pre fer inferiority of breed in horses to a de
prayed race ofmen, "a nucleus for the dregs
of society," &c. The peparatory Sabbath
trainings on the course on Sunday seem to
have excited much indignation. They skl
for a renewal of the repealed law prohibit
ing horse racing.
Fancy without judgment is all sail and no
Apprentices in the Navy.-Webelieveit is
not generally known among parents and
guardians, (says the. U. S. Gazette,) that by
a law of Congress in 1837, apprentices are
taken into our navy to serve until they are
21 years old. They are taught reading,
writing, arathmetic, navigation, and the art
of seamanship, and are well clothed. After
serving out the time of their indenture, they
will be promoted to the situation ofgunners,
gunners' mates, quarter ganners, quater
masters, and other situations of respectability
on board ship according to their merits.
This is one step towards increasing the num
ber of native born seamen for our navy, and
it will be the means of giving employment
to hundreds of boys that might otherwise be
bropght up in idleness, which often leads to
disgrace and ruin. We would be glad to
see a law of Congress requiring our mercan
tile marine to carry apprentices. Itcertainly
would not be objected to on the part of our
merchants, whose ships are now filled with
foreign seamen, of every country, who can
not feel that interest in the welfare of the
ship and cargo, that would be felt by our
own hardy sons of the ocean.
How to raise a Blister.-The Lanect
gives the- following quick and simple nod.
of raising a blister:
"The surgeon cuts a piece of brown pa
per of the size and shape he intends vesicat
ing. This being well damped or moistened
with water, is placed on the limb affected; a
smoothing iron, (such as is used by washer
women,) being previously well heated, is
applied over the moistened paper this plan
produces a vesicated surface almost instan
taneously, being effected by the steam gen
crated by the contact of the hot iron and
moistened paper. This method of blister
ing, being more speedy and less painfbl
than that commonly adopted, is now gen
erally used in all cases where it is a matter
of importance to produce immediate vesica
GEORGE BANCROFT, the ath:or of the
History of the U. States, has been appointed
Collector of the Customs for the City of
Boston. The Madisouian thus notices his
"George Bancroft has been appointed
Collector of the Customs for the ports of
Boston and Charlestown, in the place of
David Hlenshaw, resigned. Mr. Bancroft
is one of the finest scholars of the country.
and perhaps the ablest historian of the age.
His history of America, the second volume
of Which has just been published, has been
considered equal to Gibbon's History of the
Roman Empire, in point of profound his
torical research and philosphical acumen.
We knownot how he may fancy an exchange
of his delightful literary retirement for the
turmoil of a large commercial Custom
From the Jackson Republican.
TurNos WE HArETE.-We hate to see very
little men ride very big horses, for if they
should fall, the probability is that they would
We hate snakes, unless they rattle. A
man is a fool to be bitten after fair warning.
We hate to see a man without money, and
have a pocket full ourself. Prudence says
keep it, and the world cries hold fast; so poor
conscience is kept quiet by public opinion.
We hate to hear people in church sing
through thteir noses instead of their throats.
It may be a very sanctified way, but not a
WVe hate to pay our own debts, but expect
every one to pay us.
We hate sin, and like religion.
We hate men who are smarter than us to
be constttly ringing it in our ears. If the
world thinks a man smart, it does not mater
how big a fool he is in reality.
We hate to see a young man go into a
grocery itt day.light to take a drink. It
looks so like dissipation. And then goo.d
01ld mother Morality is apt to go into fits
whenever she hears of it.
An extlensive E ditorial Force.-A German
paper has been started in Phtiladelphia whtich
is edited and published by six doctors, one
ma'jor and three privates, besides which they
have beent promised assistance in the way of
edlitoi'ials from four lawyers and a literarv
Fire and Fury, Guns and Thunder...
The first number of a neutral paper, corn
menced at Naples, (Illinois) contains the
following :-"With fearless footsteps we'll
tread the billows beneatte sky of'wrath,
our halyards tipped with fire, carrying with
us a tongue ofthunder, and none shalU con
quer until the last armed man has deserted
or fallen in the conflict." This mtist ho a.
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