Newspaper Page Text
- .E unrestic Iese
SPEEVi OF.Mlt ALHQUN OF 8. C."
Uti THE, SUB-'BascosUlY BLL.'
Ia he Senate of the U. States Feb 15, W38.
I regtrol this Inessure, wbich has been so
muc deo'iiic-d, uiity little more than
an attempt to carry out the provisions of
the joint revolutions of 1816, and the de
poJ% ' 1836. The former provides
that-fio notes but those of specie patyiUg
banks shilml be received in the dues of the
Government, and the latter that such banks
nly shall lie tie depositories or the public
. - .nnes and fiscal agents of the Govern
,nt; lint it omitted to make provision for
conitingenlcy of a general suspension of
sie- ptvnients, such as is the present.
!4)llowed, necordingly,'on the suspension
.a-siy list, which totally separuted the
ove Sumentit landi the banks, that the reven
was thrown into the h1ands of the Ex
TIC u1tive, where it has since remined under
it! exclusive control, withoul any legal pro
vilon for its safe-keeping. The object of
this bill is to supply this omission; to take
fhe public m11oney out of the hands of the
Exetive and place it under the custody
ol the laws, and to prevent the renewal of
a connection which has proved so unfortu
nate tio hinti the Government and the banks.
But it is this mensure, originated in an exi
geney caused by our own acts, and that
seeks to imalke the most of a change effect
ed by Operation of law, instead of attetiit
ing to imuovate, or to make another experi
ment. as has beena erroneously represented.
which Ins been denounced under the name
of the Suh-treasutry with such unexampled
In lietu of this hill, an amendment has
been otered, as a substitute, by the Senator
from Virginia, furthest from the chair, ( lr.
Hives.) which lie informs its is the first
ciioice of hiiiiself and those who agree with
him, and the second choice of those with
whoam lie is allied on this question. If I
my judge from appearances. which cann
.miily decei% e, lie might have said their
choice, under existing circumastances; anhd
tim;e aidet, that despairing of a Natiotial
ink, the object of their periornance, they
have adopted- his substitute, as the only
Iractcalo alternative at preseni. We
have, then, the question tihus narrowed
<iown to this bill and the proposed substitute
It is agreed on all sides, that one or tie of h
er must be selected, and that to adopt or re
ject tie one, is to reject or adopt the other.
The single question then is, which shall we
choiosei A deeply moomentous question,
which we are now called on to decide in
behalf of the States of this Union, and on
our decision their future destiny must, in a
great degree, depend, so long as thiir Union
In comparing the relative merits of the
two ieasures, preparatory to a decision, I
shall touch very briefly on the principles
and details of the bill. The former is well
understood by the Senate and the country
at large, and the latter has been so ably and
lucidly expluined by the Chairman of tihe'
Committee in his opening speech, as to st
persede the necessity of further remarks on
ni1 sumary, accompanied by a few brief ob
The object of the bill as have already
stnted. is to take the public funds out ofthe
hatids of the Exectitive. where they have
been thrown by operation of our acts. and
to place then under the enstody of law;
and to provide for a gratiduanl.atld slow, but
a perpetaal seperat ion between the Govern
ient and the banks. It. proposes its extend
the proecss of separating to the year 1845,
receiing unng the fitrst year oif the series
tins notes oif such banks as many pay specie
andil rednseinig hse-eafter the amoutit receiva
ble iti ntes onte sixth ainnutally, till tine sep-.
araitionl shall be fisnally consummtnated at the
TFhe pirovi~~sons of thne hill are thne -nost
simuple anid efleettual that ain able comtmit
see couldl devise. Four prlincipail rseeive'rs,
at few clerks, and a suflicienit numsbctr of a
gesnts ton exainle the state of the pulice
fimds, ill order to see thai all is right, at an
nr nuaal charge, tnt exceedinig forty or fifty
itouiami dlohlars, lit mnsst conistitte tine ads
iso perfom aill tine dunties hecretnfsre dischinr
ge:Y byv the banks, as dlepositorie's of tihe
piubilic imoney a ntl fiscatl nigents of the Treas
ntry. Thtis simpigle n;,paratums wvill plnee
:he' publIic treasurny ill an5 indelpendenit font -
a: anil give theo Gsivernmenit, .nl atl
timles, at certaini comandas of its limdiss to
hmeet its engagemie.its anid' preervec its hnsot
or' and faith invioilaite. If' it lbe dlesirablec
Io seperante fromt tine banisks, tile Goivern
iien1t miust hnave somels inidependsent agency
o~f its ow~n to keep) atnd sdistribiite the puiblic
reventne; arnd if it tmusit ha~ve sneh atn ageni
cyir nn tinmy opinioni, canl lie devtised
moesimple, more economical, more-i effi-e
tusal and safe titan thlit provided by thmis hillI.
It is thle niecessatry resnlt of tine sepasrtioll,
and1( to reject it, without p)roposing a bettetr,
(if, indseeud, a better catn be,) is to reject tine
-I tiow tarn to the subrstittute. Its oblrject
is directly the reverse ofilhat of the bi.
it piroposes to revive the league of State
bnks, and to renew~t 51ur1 conniexionl with
themt, one whbich aill neknowleudge ha*s coin
tribiutedl so tmutch to corruplt thle 'ommltunity
andI to create a spirit of speculationi, here~
toifore tiexamtpledh in onr history.
The Senator itn offleritng it, whether wise
ly sir not-lbas att least acted cotnsistsently. Ile
wass its adivocate at first itn 1 0i , when the
atltertsntivc wvas between it amid tine re-char
ter of thte Batik oif the United States. Ile
theti defended it zealously atid mnanfulh.
against the fierce assaults of his presen't
alhes. a lie now defends it, whben thtose,
who then sunstatinesd him., have aliandlonedl
the ma-rt'e. Whether wisely or not, there
is sosmeting heroic in hi~s adherence, and I
commilendt htiim for it tbuit, I fear I cantnot
say as mutchi for his wisdom andi discretion.
lie atcktnowledgedl, with till others, tihe dis
niater5 that have fllowedi tine first experi
-wnut, butt attribhutes the fuiluire to inatnspi
4'sst circumnstances, anfd insists that the
.."rasure has not hadl ' fusir trial. I grant
1 it a siee.imdt expeorimelnt may succeed,
i.- m first has failed , bunt the Senator
mi . connedse, in retutrn, that every failture
- .M w-eci'ssatrily weaken confidence, iioth
- ~.a '-ipe'rimleni tis n lie experimenter.
!-.- snt lie mnore contfident iti making
..',uiiro! tr'ii sa hn lie was ill the first:
m I, *s , iloiiit ilhe succsess then, atnsd prefer
rhe 'imuh Tireneusry toi his ienenie otsnkei
he must excuse w3e for still'a4hering to my
opkaion, and doubting the-vsucceua of his
second trial. Nor e'ught he to be surprised,
that those who should joiumbim in the first
'flhould -berather shy of trying the experi
ment again, after having been blown into
tie air, and burnt and scaldedby theexplo
sion.-But if the Senator has'een unfortu
nate in failing to secure the co-operation of
those who aided -him, in the first trial, he
has been compensated by securing tie sup
port of those who were then opposcd to
him. They are now his zealous supporters
In contrasting their course then andl now
I intend nothing personal. I make no
charge of inconsistency, nor do I intend to
imply any. My object is truth, and not to
wound the feelings of any one, or any
party. I know that to Itake out a charge
of inconsistency, not only the question. but
all tie material circumustanaces must be time
same. A change in either, may tmake a
change of vote necessary; and with a ma
terial variation in circumstances, we are of
ten compelled to vary otit course, in order
to preserve our principles. Ini this case, I
conceive that ercumstances ns fiar as the
present allies of the Senator are concerned,
hve materially chaunged. Then tihe option
was between ta re-charter of tihe late bank,
and tite league of State banks; but now the
former is out of tie question, antd tie option
is between such a league and tbtal sepera
ration from tie banks. This being tihe al
ternative, the mamy well take that, which
they rejected in 1831, without subjecting
themselves to time charge of inconsistency,
orjustly exposing themselves to the impti
tation of chaige of principle, or opinion.
I acquit then, then, of all such chantgcs.
They doubtless think now, as they fo- iner
ly did of tie measure, which they then de
nountced and rejected, but what change of
circumstances now compell them to, sup
port it. But it thus acqutitting them of the
charge of inconsisteney, they uitist excuse
mte, if' I shoutl avai myself of the fact,
that their opmon renains unchan ges, as
amt argument in favour of tle bill---gaintst
time substitute. They are in fite opposite
scales. To lake fromi the one is, itl effect,
to add to the other, an objection againtst
mite one, is atn argumneyt ealily strong
in favour of I lie other. I then do avail
imtyself of their imany powerful objections in
'34 against tihe mneasure, which this subsi
tme proposes now to receive. I cnil to
mty aid, and press into my service every de
nmnnciamion they then littered, and every ar
gmnent they thent so successfully mmrged a
gaist it. 'hey, no, we (for I was then as
now, irreconcileable to the mensure,) ebar
ged against it, anl proved what we charg
ed, that it laIced the purse and tite sword
itl the saie hnltd;s Ilhat it would be the
source of buindless. patronage and corrup
tion, and fatal in its cotseaiuences to ile
currency of tite country; and I niow avail
mIyself of these, and all other objectiois,
then urged by us, iin as full force againist
this subststte, as if you were again to
rise int yomt places. and repeat thetm now:
and of course, as so many argumients, itt
effect, in fivour of tite bill ; and ont their
strength I claim your vote in its fa'voui.
unless, itdeed, stronger objections cant be
uirged agarst it. bsay stronger,. because
to be revived by this stubstiitte. What
was then predicted is now fict. But wltat
ever objectious have now been, or mtay be
tirged against the bill, however strong thev
ttmay pltpenr in mgnment, remiain yet to bte
tested by tle unerring test of time and ex
perience. Whether they shall ever lie re
alized must be adili ted even by those who
may have the greatest confidence in them,
to be at least ttncertaii; and it is mite iart
ouf wisdom nandm prudlence, wvhere objeetions
are eq unaly strong nguminist twvo measuires,
to prefer titat wich~l ism yet nutmried, to m that
whicht has bteen tried antd failed. Agaitsis
is conclunsioni mhere is bt otne eseape.
It may be said, thait we nre somtetimies
comtpelled, in the tmdst of thme matty ex
tra'trdinnry circumnstances imt whichi we miay
bte pulaced, tat prefer that , wie b is of itse'lf
miore objectiaballe, tom thmat wh Iichm is less so;
becaut iith ie ftrm er maiiy more probably
lead, im the eti to satmie dlesiredl resumlt, thtan
te latter. To apply thle priinciple mo this
ense. It maym lie siad thamt thle substim mte,
lihtigh of itself obje --timiniable. is to lbe pre
ti'rreda, hieranmce it woutitl muore lira'nbly thmani
the Bill, leamd mto the esmlishm mtent of a Na
tiontal liamnk. wichrl yum btelieve to lbe the
ontly certaminm remieady fomr a lithe dlisoradnrs that
nlli-et te cuarrencey. I ad mit thea positint
to bet' soundim in pmrimnciple, bumt it is onie ex
ceedingm~ly hmold anda full of d atnger itt prae
tiee, amnd onighi unever to be ated omn, lbut int
ex tre'tme case<. antd whetra- there is a ramtiont
atl protspeel of accomiplishming thea objict uin
l imately niimtted am. The applintioin, itt
thtis case, I atmmut tink, wotuld b~e ratshness
itself. It miay lie safely assumead. thtat tihe
suuress of either, whieb ever may lie adlop
teal, mthe btill, or te suibstinumte, woutlad lie fi
ti to thle estalishiimntent of a Namionial Batik.
it cant ntever limt dlownm a succssfmtl mieasture
to) te ius p lc; anda, of couirse, thait wiih
is motast likely t fail, mtita re-plunmge thec
enutt try ito alil the adisasters atf a dlisordlered
:urrencey, its thait whiicht wouild most proba-~m
'ly lad to the restorntiont of a Nat ionmal
Ilanik; antd to prefer thte subistitutme ottn ihat
accounit is, ini fact, fo prefer it because it is
time worst aof the two. Bitt nre you eertaitn
that anoter exptlosion woumld be followed
by a batnk? Wea have nlreaady htad two;
anmd it is far moiare proabile, tat the thitd
woutld impress, utniv'eralmly and indaelibily,
alt the publiic mindtm, I lit thtere wvas some
tinmg radlicailly andt inenrambly wvrong int thte
system which wvoumld lowa upl the whiole
caoncaernt, Nttiontah bank ad all.
If I mmay lie permimedl ta express an opini
ian, 1I would say you htave piursiued a courmse
on this suibict unmfortuntate both for youtr
mlves anda time country. You aire opposed
both to time leaguec of baniks, andi then Sub
tr-easutry. You prefer a National Bantk;
ad regard it as the ontly safe tad certaint
rcgmlamtor of the curreney, lbut conisidler it,
for the present. omut aof tihe gntestion, atida are
therefore comnpelled to cebaose betweeni time
other twvo. By supportintg the sublstitutae,
y'ou will be hmeld responisibile for all thte tms
chief ad disasters, thait may faliw the re
vival otf te pietianik system, as im has beent
enliied, with lime atlmtost cermtin adefeat of
youar firat anal cherishtead choaice: and thmose
yout Oppose will reap all the bettefits of the
ptower. patrontage anud influmence, which it
may place in their hanads. wvithoumt intcurrinig
anty piortion of the responsibility. Butt that
ism nio al. The sucess of the sumbstitute
wnoba ic thei defeat of rite bill. whu,.h. i~o,a
in like nijer, plac on"- yputhe responsi
bility of itdefdat, and give those you op
pose, all the advnntage of having supported
it without t"Ty of the responsibility, that
would. have belon~es to. it, had it becn a
dopted. .itada dgifqrcnt course beetj taken
-had you joined lo. aiding to extehd the
custody orthe laws over the public revenue
in the hands of theExecutive, where your
own acts'have placed it' and for whibh you,
of course. are responsible, throwing the
blame at the salmo time on those, to ivhom
you attribute the present disordered Itste of
tihe currency, the burthen of the responsi
bility, you would have stood ready to profit
by events. If tihe Sub-treasumry, contrary
to your anticipation, succeeded, as patriots.
you would have cause -to rejoice in the uni
expected good. If it failed, yo, would
have the credit of iinving anticipated tihe
result, and might thc ifler a double tri
umpi of sagacity and foresight, hae bro't
forward your favorite measure, wi _ a fair
prospcct of success when every other had
filed. By nlot taking this course. you
have lost tle only prospect orestablishing a1
Nor has your course, in my opinion,been
fortunaie for the country. Ilad it beendi f.
ferei.t. the currency question would have
been decided at the cnliled Session; and ind
it been decided then the country-, woulh
this day have been in- a much hetter condi
tion; at least the manufacturing nad con
nercial section to the North, where.the de
rangemnent of the currency is felt most
severely. rhe South is comparatively in
an easy condition.
(To be Continued.)
Fronm the Correspondencr ofthe Charleton Mercury.
WAsINoTO, Fell. 28.
The funeral or the lamnented Cinlle took
place yestr'damy, at the Capitol, anud was
conmducted with great pomp am i-eremo
ny. An umusual number of ladies nud
gentlemen attended. The feeling cen
sioned by tihe cireurnstnnes of his deati,
lens been increased by the publication of the
"statcmtent" of time seconds, Messrs. Wise
anld Jones. It is alledged that no cause ap
peam for calling Mr. Ciliev out, and tt, tn
the ficld, tie alfl'ir could not, under the rules
of honor, have heen pressed, after the over
tures made by 'Mr. Cilley's fiietili. This
feeling is deep and universal; and it is be
gmmnig to connect itself with party and
As every one expected, the House has ta
ken the imaiter i) in it very serious manner.
As soon as the Journal was read this morn
ing, Mr. Fairfield, of Maine, rose and asled
leave to offer a Resolution, which was rend
Resolred, That a Committee of seven be
appointed to inquire into tie causes which
led to the deat I of the I Ion. Jon. Cilley, late
a member of this I louse. and the ciretun
stances connected mtherewith, and report ie
same to this House.
Resolved,,also That said Committee have
power to send for persons and papers md
onve leave to sit .during the sittings of the
Mr. l ill ibijCectel to the introductiot (if
me i eeolution, it time re.entm i& e, wit14it
there wa; s, much agitation on t!.7 mbiIet
Mr. -'airiield movel t -suspien 1mm .' 11.
ruie., to enmable him to oier the Is -sobiu .
andt it wats areed tO, Yeams 117, N m1%- ....
.li I'*irf;l. mtemn oitered time. W mc!wien.
witha rema rk merely that the i % .ii..i i in
proposed was ettc to le <etnc.,eed and to
the charneter of this lloue
Mr. Wim. Cost Johnmien 4pp!'ccde di, i..
solution as likely to lead l ommh anl m,,eb-,
commotion utd exciteimt . The iluh iv
w"ould, ini his opiiont, eimrace maniny prmivate
topicsc of a naturei' thait couh14 not lie allumdedl
mo, wiithmout produicinig time tnost untpirt!;asant
consequences. That Cominht tee wouild harve
to prepare themselves wimth strainng ner'tves
for time dhischar~ge of time duty1. lHe wvould
not sit onu it. wrmitot aminmum imtself, andI
htrneinmg his nierves, for the conflict. lie wotld
go as fari as anty oneI ini replrolhnting mime cum
torm of (duelling, amid int prcventinig it. lie
disputedi time powter of tihe ilouse to etmer
uponlt time propoisedi scrutiny inito time condnimet
(It metnmers, withm or withmout somne spmecifme
ebmarge. If anty mnembler would rise in his
pllace nnd say that tiny parlmty to time dutel
watis gnily of a violationm of time rtmles of~
honor, hie would chmeerful ly vote for thme lie
smolution ; amid, shmould time ciharge h~e madie
omit against any mewmber, lie would vote tol
expelI him, nelt emnmy fi-om tis Iuse, but
from time faee orn iatumre.
Mr. Dawson,. of~ Georgia, thouigh, hie said,
no otne ihere lfet more d1eeply grievced by
the tragical aml'air whichi happented, wats 41o
posed to time investigaion, ns. calcumlatmed
mnt to1 agitate t his I iouisc, bumt this nattion.
The 11mment timis. inivesligaltiomn Was com-l
pmced, time publlic attenttion would lie
Irimw Ecxclusively to it.
Mr. Bell imtpl(oredI time Iloiose to pam use amid
conisidIer what mnisciefs mmigiht grow utm of
a rash moveitmnt on this mntter.
Bitt time I Ious'e wais detrmined to have
time itivestigamtion. andte time motioni to posNt
plone wais lo1st, iby a large maj~oritv. After~
Mlr. Elmotre, oufSouthi (Unrolina, recmarkedl
ilhat, ii time qutestionm was plresemmed ats onet oft
pririlege, ihe shmouid contsier it his dlovt,
sternmly ajind wvithuouti regardI to consequtenices,
to imeet it. If iit was mnerelyimntendedi in
p~rodneme nnm exp~ression of feelinig U!inimst
dunellimng, Ite tihought it woIulmld eseiess, andu
wiouild vo1te ngaiinst time Recsolution.
Mr, Famirfieldi submseqmuently stated tihat lie
it the proposim ion distincetly omnthle grnmd
(If pirivilege, and lie modliil time Resolttin
so as to direct time Commuite. Mr. F.
tmore thani onice declaired, ini the deb'ate',
that Mr. (U. wais called omit andmsho(t domwnl,
for wvords spokeni in debaite, mud thait them'
memmbor gumilty of' this breach if. privilege,
ought to be expecled tromn this hiouse.
in ordler to prev'ent time risins dlispoition I
for a gemnerail and excited debate, time lpre
v'ious qustiomn wais rescortedi to, andi~, at half
past1 3, time llouse pai~sed thle Rqtolutiont, bly
anm uttlinense maljyrity, Yeas I .2, Nays .flp,
Every nlewspamper, of both aarties, thtt
comes back toI us front time Nrot h, is fumil at
demnunmciationi agaitnst thea perpeIrattors of the
"muirder," ats they term it, amtiof de'imnds5 <
for imnvestigattion. The cutrred~ of pola~~mir I
feeling, out ofthme IiIottse, runis mnore stronmgly I
against WVebb andu Mr. Wise,thian aganinst I
lit time Senmate, to-diay, Ar. Fremu; gave
not ice thazt lie wouhiimi merobei a Ihil to )
.ono'ress dueltlingK in the 1)istat; eel I eom
bin. All tilat is noeonse. There aro-laws
now iquidmst luellbng, both in Alaryland and
Virain, under one of wbiech tle case collil
be brought: and laws ofConress woule ie,
in like mauner, a dead letter.
- WAsusm u-tox AMarch I.
In 1h' Senute, to-they, Alr. Davi. of
Massachusetts. finisited his speecb agaiist
agImiinst tihe Itndependent Treasttry Bill,
and Mr. Slranmge of' No;th Corolina, look
tihe floor, oan time ut her side of tie qiles
iun. The Senate theu went into leei
ini the (louse of liepresenmimaives, when lie
Journal wts rend, the fidlowiig i, genlenkiei
were unnmouunced a.s tihe Select ComiIilttee?
onl tle Rtesolution for inuiairy mto Ihe cir
cumstances comieeted with the death ofil he
lion. .Jonathanm Cililey, of Alninte, lit t
member of the flouse: Alessr. Touiettv, ofI
Connecticut ; Potte:, of* I'ennisylva .ill;' El
more, of' Sothlm Carolina; iriggs. ofAla.'a
chusetts; irtiuyn. i)f New Yo'rk; Iiarrison,
of' lissouri; and Parisler, of Indiana.
Alessrs, Birig- and liarrison were exensed
rrom serving. onl thle gromnd mihat-iley lave
too much Coitmmitttee hutimteness oi iaid
A new rtle was aiopted to-day, inl re
latiot to the idmis ioi l er.mns on time floor
l' time I louse. It was ilititel to exclude
Webb. of lit New York Cottier, aild smmie
other. utishiel' imakers. It canl, how ever,
have liit little elleet ill promoting time har
monmy of time lionmse, provialed they are dis
posed to be quarrelsomie.
VAsunzc-roN, Marci 3.
Alr. Cambreen.'s lill for the e(tblish
ment of ai Iendoentdimi treasuV amid ihrj
time restoration OF the contssitLtin'al currem
ey, dillers a little from tile Senate Hill.
It dispenses with a gtood deal of' time minai
clinicry (i sfs anl valtit, aid simplifies
tieoperatimn of* tlate plani. It provides for
sevemnil depoitimries, at iostim, NetV York,
Philadelphia, \Washintm on, Chartlestona, N.
Orenicas, and St. Lomis; time Collectors at
lstion Cifrleston, nnil New York, are to
act as Pmldie Receivers; time Treasurer ofi
tIme United Stattes is to i t in tihe sadlme ea
pieity ni Washingtoin ; tie Trensutrer ltelii'
Alint, at'hilbimdelpia ;:In Treasurv of, the
liranch Mitit, at New ( 1rleims: Llil the
Receivers of the Publie .ands at St. Lo
is. The present securities and salarie:- illf
the oficers will he increased. Twelve ami
ilitional Clerks are prm ided for Every
receiver of' ptie nionmey is to pay over tIll
money received, daily amdi weekily, Is lie
may be reiuired, to Imie General litce'iveTs.
The provisioni for tle- graduaml resorntion I
the constilntioiail currene, is similar to
tihat proposed ly tie Setimiv ill. After
tie sixth year, iolhing htt iard imlone- amild
Government paper will lie receivel in' -
mament of' time public dtars. The cliekls 'amimI
truards filr tie preventtion of frrand<l te % ery
'mpe. .1lr. C. nill rall for tie consiera
lioni of lilt Bill, :- mil ms time appropriatioi
hiills arm mspiseii .f
We atr ihim i.eth ';; uh. -,..., o;
10. m.oa i'~'.
I hi I Ia.
Xith :1ial' int) openi Ohw do4or ofi'I
11md1 suieced-d im breakina iff a e! '1.r 1rd
Xheln .r, (:., ho14) S l ,o1d rtmdy, wVishI I ale d(ifi.
jarrel :,atm, fired tipon him, and it ii it
lo.ei, killed him. as time hoard lie belid %:I,
wstneared w% ith illool. The fm mmily Io .i.illr.
I. ere ina athe hous'e tat the time, nimnd bointh
ue ;ad thmem ideservi, iine uc reii Ih r tie ir
:iinr'age vim thema oceasimin.-llatchggumn.
Czuani.:m-roim, M:ar'eb 5.
IFrom I'lorida.--We learnm by a hei stemaer
amies Aidamis, froimtm Inmdiantfliver (V'iiiriida)
lhat thle fitrtiher' aessa thio ' ohost ilitie's, tai
umninneaim fiw' 5 idays, toi allow thme Indmiam-- im
omie in,. hmada beena nrired' to lby Gena. .1 e~sup,
vhicih inedi nmot expmired at thme Inast aeountts
romm time army.
Somte imnrihe ar mmtiealam's odf time mtiann
hioly f'ate of' a le late lm'. i eialies', have 'a
meen commitaented tom ms. Infaorman~t ionm
mu reebied Sm. Anmgstmiming ha 1)r. ILeimner
vntms taken'm alive, byv miiw limiiamni, hmmt vr
ei'lverl wommi'd-...rhey caimie tom thme coiri
' isiontom pi'iresere his. life., li rdera to amvi
hemaiselveas of' his profes.~'siional 'eri'mces, a mil
hae greaitest care' itoi mae hmi' sit mationm as
ioimieir able ais poassibile. Afler' they' madl
>r've'edled thlii ilt mac, howeveri, a vmoino~r~
mauiia.lilan, I ho had os t a rothe i time'hmtii.
iih Cmii, Tiaylori's coimmansd, r'ushed'm umpon
)r. Leitamer, asn hte liy sin a bilankerm, andim
endlinr tsy a hmellishm yell, ilhot hmima il--mal
titha his riflie.-CUouri, r.
I'uron, lite -l/u:,.i,t 3ii'uiry.
Imllth, for' :hte'.' ye I -:7. I.i-,'ibel're mm' \V
umamiber ofi aloath s ini mii. i'aii 'Ingjit. tn
'aar w as;:h0.
"etmlmes. in~lte, 55.> ;-ii-lmrs
liale's, bbwki', I4 "i-' i oib e-r .,.n'.'
aeimiles, bmineik, 1 : .\:mmi it:.-ism:,
i .' 10,00)0, wiehi'l imi,!, ':- pn isporiima
d'iemat aimn' isa forty' ei ' r. imim- 1 i a
I' dili-rent varie'ieis ot i. ve i ii, mfiii
nm iptiion ;>0 o iii' rhmini : i .r ah-l .- -
IIi' flebility : 33: of' ibl :a': -,'.' mmli
nimii us. 187 iof thae dai:Si' n ere of clii
Im'enti uder -> yearns: - !? beit weem 70 an ggl j
7 hecrw'een 80) andma ii ; ii0tihe uee 90 andl
(Il. andms onem orl er 1001 ye'ar aomu asge. Thuts
7 were''t Overt 70( erso nce.
Thie re.pormt is'eajmai aly favo'mtu'rablem to mouri
liimate, las we i mid Ihait 5 he14 mpeadingii ebar-"
c er' ofi time weather' in duin: ertm ('ry' mmhi
um time yeari, wlas fadir.
(o 'a.m'v mt i, 'ltam'cih 10, 18:18. a
mut in thme rearim ofi' lie S"tori' aof Al'smr... C hmanii
ers ~& Cammpbiell. ini te tper part minf ilhs
mlwn, mmian idstroyead twoi I narehoiiti-i'es and
hmeir conitenmts, c'inasist ini omf mhoiur :l.10 beah-is
f (Comitto, n mulilt)1 alocks5, 'Thea c'mon -i
elongmeda to latera'ms iin thme countmiry, fori'
rhiomi it wams storedm, anmmd thema eilocks to aa
ii'rchan mt of' York(.-T,/i I'arone-'
'i'll UnsDAY, MARnCH 15. 1836.
The attention of onr cilizens is called to
the Conivention of* Merchants which is to
aISimnmble' at Anltnsan, on tie fimt Monday
in .\pril. It is a subject ofgreat impoiartane,
and111 we trust thIaII . ge-ichl Ditrici will
prove its interes by mnoving strongly iln tie
aittcr. We are. repilrestedilo call a Publie
meeting of our Citizens at the C. House,
*r Friday the 23rd inst at 9 oelock, A. .1.
wvilli the view of appointing Delegates.
W comimence tihe publication of Mr.
C.llhonln's Speech uipon thi(1 Ie tindepeindent
T, vnsorv Bill. nd will concimilde it as carly
is po-oihde. The- charrer of Ole Amhor
vill cmaanimai for it Ile atetin of our
'Mn . Couaerr, y's .F:c-'rt e nt.:s.--This gten
Ileian litis just concluded a course' of Lec
lures upon Astroiomy. to ;a large class inl
uir Village. Being about to leave us, we
mnniot withhold tle expression of our high
regard for him, as a popular Lecturer and a
gentleimnan. This nost attractive and use
lii baunchi of Science, has not received the
rittemtioi from the community generally to
wi hicl it is cntilledl, and it is too mnmel the
nolii i that the Star-ger, (a, ithe Astroio
imier is oftfen called,) is but a half-witted sort
If geninis. who is unitted for a residence
upon this Planet. The time is comting
when these erroneous noions will ie lissi
pated, and Wiens, by commion comsent As
Irolonmy. inl the liiigm:ige of a distin-nished
Profes..or, will lie recogiized oir only " as
he Queen of' Scienue, hit the only perfect
ime." We give checerfully to Mr. Courtney
lhe iiht of our himuible opinioi, a( re
omm nerl bimn cordially to the Pnblie.
CA VA.A.-Tle acconia s froip the Cana
in frontier are vrowdiig upon us. but it is
iicrpsible to gi: at the examct pmositionl of
Il'airs. We know that there is a strong
liso.;tauti on the part f mnany of our citi
.ens io violate those sacred primiciples,
vh iclih rbolil ,e ulate our iniercourse i ith
I friendly ptower, and think, upon the
6% hole, tIhat tihere is some dangCr of a colli
-ism wiih Great Britaii. Oor Government
idoinr all inl its power to prevent it. To
li-; enld, in addition to what has bceen done
taretofore, ihe Iloue of Iepresiiatives
ma vpased the Neutrality Bill.
. Ofli, -aminennt of to:- ite duel
.......,- *''l- i cctms '.e ' .t' ht w5e have'
iin bii,.amin '. ph. r is m .~ . :w~ s. (ir
Bn-n <.I -it :. 1 1, h t-tchnically called
:n aqi'ir of ionor hetwLi n t%% o Iigh faume
ionaries of Iie laniid, ammil conduicted as tle.
aonorable friemis would m ale its believe ac
iirdlinrg to t heict rui, nles of gent leimn anlyi
iamrfare, ii iiiemnds t he grave andii salemni m
itmeiinin (ir everay ciiizemn of thle coutry.
Ilie moral inifluen'ce lutist he gmreaa, amid in
s welilo trn it to thei best acionmt. Ne ver
nee the iiieiainchiolv'tineetitig of limiilton
Imid l in, hais an iis~aina ocen rrience am
racted so lairge a share of publdic atientioni.
I gives it, sincere P leasuire to kniow lh:m
lie Congiiires.. of time N a tin has dleterminced
0 invest irnte mime anamtel, amid we hmope tha:t
hme ('ode of Ihonor' inny now iweliurged of
01me of' its munzimirliess zaudt ics.
The extracts wichi follow frotm amn excel
aim attiic inm th' Chiar liston Courier, wsill
niove mmtemrestmmng tio thle readeiir.
.I..lellinmg, aultmhouigh pirevleniit chiefly in
1ivibized aiii chiistianu coint ries, is at I~es.t
ha marbarmoins anieimd nchist iant ra--tice; bm
lie ciricum,,itancies of'ci ithite personl dcoim.
at. hem weemn less.mis. Gravi's if Kenmtnekv~,
mmnd Cilhey of~ Alaine, n iihi terminiaateid In
lae utimefy dleathm of the' minter, -taanmp it
vimhI :'ciaac'iteir miaore thiianm nisnal ly mrevoitI
ii i. So far ais we hatve beieni aile tio ib
erem' iori iarnm, limt tome fe'elinrg iiofii hrrr
onediol ei~ i~ite ar enus oafi honor.i caa
itic oft tlhe th, atis ho mamer cninirom
thie ra-plant i!:ity ofii tis atroiiioa:" af
aim'. 'The chift weiiivh ut minmesodbl
ay, icanithmar an.i a s:nae oif iranim' ua.:tji .
iiom samouti emabor by that mm I'irma
-ni:ihile nouti'et, ams a iitharbe oaf thme
tcire anmmd meiod uner'' otf ouri mnaim:tna legis
aturea. iiThe stamrmni tof t he rwov :.a''oaids
s imws betfire ther lpublie ; andl weill motn.
hey,' or: onte of ithim at least. expriess uhi'e
:: tha m't mhm' tr~masctiion shitithl bi'ee f aiimh
a' bauid ini sii'ice: bar a catse' ofi moreu
'obl lothi.id, wsa monaim dei iulieraae sacri
eaf' hiumain ii fc ha ne aver baeen premsented
ii lie ;mnma!s of c dueling Th''iie pub'l ientioni
if tis~ tonmnt, iad thii cirni'imsanii es ofi
hei Ii'.,ms ic' oiu, r'equimredm amnd demanded'a thei
rmm of' mlhe pres; and w shrSmmik mnot fr'im
ur share ofith' pai nfed mi hnt ntLeessoary ie dut."'
A fter coiimaientin mm iost fi hily mapon tie
atutre of'aim m thei (ovrsy ewe'3ess
Iiley amnd G r: vets, andi th~e ha varins temps
.t niegoi'im aion apoti mime fiil, mime Editors in
omncilmsioni, r'emar mi
"'Thme miioc'ker'y of Ifmrihe nii'egotimat ion was
i'hrigith im mbadionied; and 'iir. \\ise ini a
pin, wieb'i ii wetiamniotit ii':, tu. a.
anmginarymm', mankes tihe re'vohamtin i derkm
ion tio 3ir. Jonems--f' fhis nmmater is noma ter
riitatedi alas shimt, I wsill prop~lose'Ii to e ahria
lae distanmce,"' tio5 wichl ailr. ,iuares. rep'iliia
'A f'ter' t his shmot withouit Iefli't, I w ill cu,.
aini thet pr'iiosition. "' limre t,.a ,a.
ranaiilestedl a idetermintation flor l..i.
iii'tion ti n~'lenn ' -t......rt.. ~ ,.
coud nut posribl be to i.cw d or
.idiialmIItI-an~d tils nbom,31iaht pIip,.ml
itllicated tlat oie. victini .i:.:eA.t ma t be
sacrificed (pnt the shi.ne1 (f ilese hnor--onle
heart at least iusi bleed out its enerous
tide oI life, and nunmerous teller bossomss he
pierced w itlh Iseen anguish, t1 sntistv' a point
of elignetLe. awl 111 NeCond of, tile Lhallet's
ger talks of' shortening tiho listance to speed
the aceutr-sed consum11 ti onlail iii ! 11ut the o
Casion for the loimnly propo'nl never came.
Tihe deadly woajpons are again3 levelled,and
the bloody tragedy reaches its Cnastroph,
-the gallant and uniortunate Cilley re
ceives in a vitial part ile ball of his udver
sary. and lie lies prostrui in instant death
-cut ofl'in the prime of lil and in the
misi of a high. usefu and honorable career
-the Widow and tile orphan left sorrow
strickci and desoltie--aid a whole country
iestifyinig its syipathy with private grief
and vense of publie-loss. Brave and latein
ted spirit! the South will record thy gener
un champltionship tohei'- riglts and Initeress
and emhaln thy memory in grateful recol
lection.ilthe mat ionii lainent~s the early quench
in.g of thy bori'li m31glorious promise-and
the tear of universai symnpathy will water
tile n illow hat shades thy honored grave.
W'! have mn:urely reflected on this w'hol
tran'action. ats developed by the statement
of' tile two seconds, and our reason as weil
as our feeling, revolts at its shocking and
wanton harbarity. It is marked by features
w:hich betrav thatspirit titterly devoid ofso
vial order,and fitally bent on mischief, that
nalice prepense, which would suflice to sus
lain ao indic ment for murder. Dlue:s as
ordinarily conducted are much too gently
dcalt with; but the present instance calis
as well for tie scourge ofjustice, as of pub
lie oapinion. The two seconds speak of
their cordial agreement "in bearing unktuali
fied testino::y ft fie fair and honorable
manner in whicli the duel was conducted;"
and the-y even prate of having been regula
led in the allitr "by magnanimons princi
pIles aid the lawsof humanity." The laws
of' humanity have never been more attro
ciously violated, mocked and defied-ithe
code of honor has never been so grossly a
bused, and as for magnaninity in the trans
action, it consists In thle wicked gnibbling
away of.a fellow creature's life. They say
that the object of their statement is to allay
excitement and prevent further controversv
"uilpon a subject which is already so full ;f
woo." They who caused all this woe have
good reason to shrink fi-ont public contro
versy-but %%e trust that, however desirous.
tile friends o:tlose concerned may-V he to'
hush ilp the transaction. the pres swill not
stay its jus~t indignation, btt, on tie contra
try , proelim trilinpel loo -ngel, tIllouglotit
the Uni-on, the deep damnlation of this ti
kin-, oli. Again, 1le.' seconds i.:',l us that
:neither has alaken the least e'xception to tIh
course ol the oiber"--this mav make lieo
partakers of a common guilt, bitl caim
lalliate it. Tho country will take excep
tion to the bloody trantts:ieion-wlether
viewed in reference to the Iaw'~ of' God. the
law of the land, or even the lax code of
honor, it hears the indelible marks of wilful
and deliberate nurder."
[oR ' I: .1 aA : . ;
The me pry of our - a o
in the recollection of ot1r e-Cial ;fill
3iitiuiglh the pleasures whib ."
this sonrce me miiiled! . V ,i h m a.
by the unfaililing obtrusion 4f the reflction
It'it ticy can never he recalled, it is a feel
itig 110m, painful inl its nsainre. The tiniver.
sality of tihe ,.stitny wlaicihprononnees the
paist irrecabsle, C3nciles to our13 lite
53nd( robls it of' its hsittern. It appears at
first sight. pa in St ran ge 313= all men
however vatrioust Iheir tils, shlon1 i-rivec
ipleastire iroum reenrring 1(3 the days of1 t he,
y'ouith. So far from a seasn of tnualloved~
enij'ymeni it lhas becen a ri:gorolls servituale
with many amti of1 hlaras-sg resitraits with
the llaslues of t hat partionl of' our1 cx.
tene', woutlld steeln to b in a1 '2reat deigree
of at mere aimaiiil nsaure; al e'!ass 411 en
joymenlclts nt hiehi tihibrute crea~:tion 'shar(' inl
possible thaut imeisllectuasl man:1 conlI I verv
Learne3st ly cot I. A d. to this 1 ta t3u
mletal Icapacits are4 thent nol.ev'eloped':,
its immliltauri ty probabhly inlcapa~ble, of its
highest grattifit i ons ad thle wsoler in
crea'sses, 1hm3 'tut ini the mIidt o4(f all the' ad'
vani!tges invlved inl thle poiesioni3 of' his
f'ully ripsend I pwe(rs.I 3h-m(d sigh for the
iral al inite'lan titil.tho.'.5. Th'lai the
:1re ! delhsl~ tui ree':i and3 grieve us th3at
we emotnli paor ik- it them is iknownit i
mits iln my3 view of eatsy sltion131.
The evilIs to which tmanho is)30 pee~1('3 nvi
liaible asre thsose' from1 whlieb y,'lmb! is abno3st
ita!|y e'xt'mpr. It is te naiturel of 33111 to
rt gard( presentt et ils as greaiter than tI hose at
II distance. II encse that condl~itioni of1 lifh
whIieb~~ is un tn panaied bsy te evils whIich
hei ntow' emlllirs, appearli' ill hi eye far pre
fer'ableh to, hs presem' stalte. iTus it is thati
piectsu. The14 abtsosrbsio enreCa's atud wa'sting
antxiites" whilb wet is'w feel were thten tun
1. mm n. TIhte hleavinless of' spiril wvhich oft
tilneis t''3w (o''pre(sse's tus was 3'te unfhiiLh.
'ITe ilhs.sions tot hiopje and~ pictures of fimttc
uere 101 thien liarmre bsright ?331d dazzlini'
ihant now' $anutinec amd aIrdIt we then':
never f~'oreblodti pajin or' disapp~jOi- lo? me -
W''ith siuscei'b ilitie's iof entjoya-ut 133 unhhut
edl by exceess and( I in iig fitr'i ndlil ul re,
w~ithI a keesnuess of' aip!'tit'' stimulIlated' bsy
hut ""Ive':ty n i fresness of aill Suirr onad3ingi.
ibjec;,., n~ iths an isstabti lily alI etnthusism
ext '(trag~r le:I-ttre f'romt ill things, ytotb
iiutt' nott itsese of satiety and14 reganils
litf' as' 4one3 sene (of unch'l(eneredl re(velrv ando