Newspaper Page Text
- nor4s can make it. I ask the Secretary
to read the first article, 9tjn section, and the
4latuse next to the 1at,
" No money sbal be-afrawn frAJitbe
Treasury, but in'ceusequence of appropri
ations made by law; and a regular state
meut and account of the receipts & expen
.diures of all -public money shall to pub
lshed from time tiune."
How clmarl How explicit! No money
to be drawn from the Treasury but in con
sequence.mof hpprop.iations made by 'law;
that is, the.object on which the expenditure
.is to be mside, to be designated by law, and
the sut ftlouct to Offect it, sperified, and yet
we have lived In tie daily and habitunal vi
alation of this great fundamental provision
frorn almost the beginning of our political
ex'htence to this day. Behold the conse
rqiuences! -'It has prostrated and engnlphed
the very institutious. whicti have enjoyed
this illicit fatvor, an) tainted, zjllove all
other causes, the morals and politics of the
whole country. Yes, to this must be trac
ed, asone of the minn causes, the whole
system of excessive re% enue, excessive ex
penditure. and excessive surplusses; and
to then, especially the ihst, the disastrous
overthrow of the banks and the currency,
and) the unexailmiled degeneracy of' public
and private morals, which have fullowet.
We have suffered the affliction, mnay thet
biessing which follows chastisement, when
its jusiness is confessed, come in due season.
But I take a slill higher ground. I strike
at tile rout of the mnischmief. I deny the right
of this Governm tnt to treat bank notes as
money in its fiscal transactions. On this
great question, I never have befinro commit
ted miyself. though not generally disposed
to aibstain from forining or expresing opini
iorns. In all instanevs, in which a natiornal
Bank has come in question. I have inva
riably taken my ground. that if the Gov
ernment has the right to receive and tret
bank notes as money. it hadil tie right. and
was boumnid under the constitution, to regu
late them so as ito make then unifonrtn and
stable as a currency. The reaszons for this
opinion are ob ions, and have benn so often
amid fully expressel on formier Occasonms,
that it would he useless to repeat them now;
but I never examined fully the right of re
ceiving, or made tll my minid on it, till
since the catrastrophe in May last. which,
as I have said, entirely seperatecd the Gov
ernnetnt from tine ianks. Previotns to that
poriod, it was an abstract question, with
no practical hearings; as mutach so as is now
the constitutional right of admitting Louis
anna into ilnhe- Uinin, Thiings are now alter
ed. The connection is disolved ; and it has
becomea practical question ofthe first tag
Thle mover of tine substitute assumed as
a postukite, that this Governmen hnd a right
to received in its dues. whatever it night
think proper. I deny the position in toto.
It is one that ongtht not to ie assumed, amnd
cannot he assnied, and cannot ie proved.
and which is oppised by powerfli objee
tionms, The genius of our constitution is
opposei ti time assnumiption of* power.
Whatever power it gives is expressly grant
ed: and if proof were wanted, the imnerous
grants of powers far more obvions and ap
parent nieh niore safe to be assumied tian
tine one in gnestinOn, wol allord it. I shall
cite a few stiking instances.
f any, powvrs m ihtge1 assumed, one
pay tine deits of the GIoverninnetnt, and hor
rowing it to carry oni its operat'ons would ie
amnonig them;-yethot h amre expreasly provi
ded for by tie Conititution. Agaitn to Con
gress is granted tie powcr to declare war
and raise armies aind navies; yet the pow
er to grant leters of m1arquemr and reprisal
and to make rules for- tihe regulation of the
Arumy amd Navy are not left tf asstumption,
as obviouis as thiey are. hat are given by ex
press grmnt. With tiese and other instances
nnot lnss strikinmg, which tm ight Ine addw~jh
a hohnil step to naan)e w.i1tliit fioathme fair
-.et~ss~pls 'uffrier of the Goivernmentre
(:Ltymg~ whamtever it pileases in its dntes as
tmoiney. Sneh an aissumpi jt ion wo(nhi ibe in
dliret conflict wi:h Im he great pnrinciples
wichi t State R ithnts parmty, with wh vichm
thne Semnator 4 lr . iti vi) elaisses hi imseif,
laen eer adopnlt ed in the contrunct in o nf mte
Cnstitution. Bimt, ifI tine fonriei' caunnot hec
anssumedn, it wonli bei i vaini ton attempt to
pronve thati it hans beenm granted, or that it is
niecewary atmi pnroper ton carry ainy oft time
gramnie po 1nwers into e'll'et. Non snehi it..
temp [t hias hne en miade, tour can he, withn sne
ces. On tihe cmnra ~rv, themrne are strn
obhj:citis to the poiwer," whichi, ini mynopil
ion e.nmnmnt be sunrmnontedl.
1 fonem admmitted, it wontii leah by conise
quenice tom a necem'sirV nter'nferencme withn ini
dividl and S tate 'onicer'ns never contem
platedi by then Connsm tmit um. Let ins, finn
inlstanle,' siu~ppose? tha~mt. aictimnC on tine as
sunmtionn of tine Senartor, the. Governmaenit
shoumld choose to seie tilnacco as an arti
ele to bec received in paymenat of' its dines,
wvbichn wonhin be as well' ent itled tin it as any
oilmen- pnrndnet, amhdi in which theim Semnatnr's
conistitumen ts aire so inh nn'nniere'stedu. Doues
ine nont see thle conisegnhtennces ! in ordier tin
make its tanxns nunifonrnm, wh iichi it is bnotund
to) do by the Connstituntion, amid whiiebm cannmn
be dommne utniess tine noedi inm inn whmichn it is
panid is so, tihe Governmecnt woulid have to
ansume an generad conitroil over tine great
stalint qmnestron ; ton reguilate tine we-ighnt
iof thne bomgshiead or packa';.ge; to estabil ishn
inispections inudeir its own ollicer iminnorder'
tin deernmne thme qtuality, andl whatever else
miighnt bei necessary to mrake the payments
into tine Treasury'tnnifornm. Sun likewise, if
tine stili greater strapie, cottn, hec seleeted.
Tine weight of' tine hurle, thn qtuality of tine
cotton, amd its inspetionn, wvould aill nieces
satily fail under them 'otntrol (if the Gonvernm
ment ; andi dloes inot tine Senantor see that the
exercise onf a power that omust leadi to sueh
consqegnees-conlsenecnces so far bneyonid
tine sphere assignedm to this Governmeni'nt by
the Connstituion, mtnst hne uncotnstitutional
Nonr does time objectioan extendi onily to tihese
andli other staple articles. It "ppilies witih
egtnal, if not gr'mter f'orc', to rceivingf tihe
notes of Statie hinrks, an' propnwdi hny tihe
sutbstitunte, in the tine's of' time Gnvernmecnt
anti time nimng- mtii t of its fiscatl concerns.
It must invmnive rthe Go vernmernt in tine
neessity otrconntroinimg andim reginht inrg Mtate
bnaniks, as this subhstiturte abnant tly pnroves,
a well am thi. whole history oif nnr co'nnnee
tioni wih thm'tn andl it hnas hint shin tt n
bnanks are, ant least, as fan' nrmonve" fronnm tihe
contr l' f this Ginvmernm retit ais the enitiva.
tors of tine soil, or any owher claiss of' citi
zens. Tio this I mmighmt addhn anothenr obje~c
ein. not lessstrong. tht for the GJovermnent
to rcqivo Qanl treat bAk notes as transy i
in its dues, would be in direct conflict, in 1
its effect, with the% important pover con
ferred expressly on Congress of coining
mflney and regulating the value. thereof:
but as this will come in with more propriety
in answer to an argument advanced by the
Senator from Massachusetts, (Mr. Web
ster,) I shall now state his argurnent and
Tol y to it.
He asserted again and again, both now
and at the extra scssion, that it is the duty
of the Government not only to regulatebut
to furnish a sound currency. Indeed it is
the principle argument relied on by the
Senator in the opposition to the bill, which
he says abandons this great duty. Now,
if by currency be meant gold and silver
coins, there will be but little diifference be
tween him and myself. To that extent tie
Government has a clear and unquestiona
ble right by exprcss grant; bnt if he goes
farther, and intends to assert that the Gov
ernment has the right to make bank notes
a currency, which it is bound to regulate,
then his proposition is identical in efreet,
though diffierently expressed, with that of
the Sehator from V imi-nia, (Mr. Itives,)
and all the arguments I have urged against
it are egually applicable to his. I hold, on
my part, that the power of.the Governnent
on this subject is limited to coining mioney
and regulating its value, andt) pulishing the
counterfeiting of the public coins; 1Iat is. of
the coins made eurrent by law, the only
money known to the Coinstitition. It is
time to make a distinction between money,
(or currency, if you ilease-bCtween that
which will legally pay delts, and mere cir
culation, which has its value from its prom
ise to be paid in thet fortnert and uncler
which classification, bank notes as Iwell as
bills or promisory notes of individuals, fall.
Those are all in their nature private and
local, and cannot be eievated to the level of
currency, or money, in the fiseal tanlsne
tions of the Goversnment, wit hout comngo
into conict, more or less, with the oljert
of the Constitution in vesting the very p'ow
er in Congress, which I shall now proceed
It will hardly be quIestioned, that the ob
ject wn to fix a slantril in orler to furnish
to the union I currency of uitform and stead
y value, and was therefiore united in the
sanie sentence with the relative Power, to
fix the standarl of weiijhts and measures
The olbjects ling similar. Now,if our ex
perience has proved any thiung it lhts amply
shown that so long ai the rioveriinment is
connected with the banks, and their notes
received in its transactions, as money. so
long it is itmpossible to give any thing like
stability to Ihe standard of value : and that
the power of coining, annd regulating the
coins, becomes in a great teastre a nere
nullity. Every dollat issued in bank notes
when it is made the substitute for money.
dri ves out of circttbation more or less of the
precious metals; and when tho issue be
Coies exlorbitaut. gold and silver almtost
entirely disappears, as our experience at
this time proves. The elli-ies are atnalin
gous to alloying or clipping the (cin, as far
as stability of stanidard is concerned: atnh it
wold be not less rational to f.uppose, that
such a power otn the part of individuals,
would lie consistent with a tuniform anl
stable curreney, than to stuppios: the recciv
ing and treatintg batnk notes as a subastitute
for toney iv the Govertnent, would be.
Iotheir propenshaure,~;cuciT__te in coin
Mon with hills of exenange or other private
and local paper, for the convenienee of hu
siness and tirale. So far from snch a course
operating injutriously on the people, or from
being liable to the charge of forming one
cirrency for the people and another fihr the
Governnictt, as has beeni so often atil with
snch effect repeatcd--it is the.yeqy reverse. II
Goverinient by r'Ftsh.g-to receive halk
tnotes,..as~itstind to do, wol in fact fu
'lid1lachioice to the people. to taike either
money or tnotes at thiei r pleasure. The de.
tmail of thte Governmenzt will always keep
a piletntiftul suipply of thIe fortmer itt the cont
try, so as to a llhrd thte peopile a choice,
while the oppoliin woil expel the mioney I
and leave no option to themc but to take
banik notes or worse as at present.
I have now shtown how~ it is proposed to
formi thle league of bank ls.& ha:ve~ presenlteil<
lhe constittutionai iimipedimiets thatt stand
ini the way. These areO tnumetcronis awl <
stronig;so mn th s'o. that~t they ought to be
iaresistible with aill. except th Itaktittintous
itt construction ; bitt Ii int expect t hey
wlliprodnete t hr ir full efleet. I kntow too
wsell the force of lon;g en terta.inted implres
sions, however erront(Ions, to lbe satnginte; I
kinecw how sttong theL tiiti rebels against I
lie expulsioni of the old and thet admaissiont
of new" oii'os. Yet, ini tist case, where,
we cleariny see bow gradua slly andl tih-ti l
error crept itt undiers thle dis!gnise of wordh.,
applied to tnew and totally dlifTerenit ideas,
wjt ihont excitinig tnotice ot alam : .nd wthenhai I
we have expterieniced sneh deepi disalsters in
conisCegece ofi pating from the platin in- (
tent ari meaingt~ of the I 'onst Itnioni, I
(enninot hut hope- liat all wh o bldieve thait ?
the sucecess of the Govertnmenit dlepends ont
a rigid adherence to thes Constittion, will1
lay aside aill previous imipressionis, taken tip<
wvithsout reflection, atil give to the objee
tions their dune weight.
(TIo bee Continuecd.)
rom, the Correspondencref fthe Charleston, ('ourijrr.
Wasturo), Mdareb 7,
The Stub-Tresstiry hill wais thlen takenti
tip. the question being on the muotioni of Mr.
ib:chanani to ptostponte this bill tintil niext
session. A fter sonme few remiarks fromi Mr.t
Calhoun, Mr. Webster. Mr. M.:hs is amd Mr. I
Preston, the queistioni was tatken atnd det
eided as follows:
Y'eas.-Mossrs. hiayard, ltchianati, Clay
oflKy., I Itayton, Critrtnden, Davis, Grundy&, I
Knight, McKeani, Merrick, Prentiss, Pres.. 1
Sotuthiard, Spence. Su ift, ''Tlzmadge, Tip- .
ton, Webster, White-23.
Nays-Messrs, Allen, Benton, Brown, r
Calhotnt, Clay of A ha..Cttthbhert, Futron, I
l ibbaird, King of A la., Linni, I tmnlpkin, I
L-yon, Morris, Nichoclas, Niles, Norvell, I
Pierce, Roane, Robiiiinsonl, S!e'vier, Sithi of v
Th'e question then reel rred on) the amniid-d
meit off'ered by Mir. RIives, w hich was
dliseiis .d. t
Mr. P'restoin having mioved an amteiimtenit, -d
prvdn thiat twentty-ftve baniks shahli e ti
selecteid out of those whose- stocle, in wihole b
Elr part, I i wned by the Stattes in whtich they C
arrce mnntedna md whmr tio ...h enth are ..
itunted, that the Srates shall- select the
ntnks--alkup, that all notes of sound, solvent
:anks be received by Government tip to a
-ertaiu day, and afterwards, that the notes
if specie payin. banks shall alone be re
ived :--Further, that when the'deposites
exceed the circulation, the -aorpluis shall he
withdrawn in specie, and placed otn apecial
Mr. Morris asked for the yeas aind iinys
on, Mr. Preston's amendment.
Mr. Rives said he had noohjection to one
portion of the amendment, relating to the
selection or banks in which the States hold
Btock; but he objected to the other parts of
the amendment. The amendment was
discussed by several Senators.
Sun3 TREASURY IN TIE SENATE..--OV
Thursday a vote was taken otn an amend
mtent proposed by Mr. Preston to the sub
stituIc of Mr. Rives. The amendment re
tttired the Secretary to give the preference,
in solecting banks as depositories of the
the public money to such banks as arc
owned, in whole or in part, by the Statei
im which they are situated. It was rejec
ted by the illowing vote:
YEa-As-MessrS. Bayarl, Clay, of Ky.,
Crittenden. Davis, Kniight. Merrick. Nicho
Ins, Prentiss, Preston, Ifiveq, Robbins,
Smith, of Iin., Sotitliard. Spence, Swift,
Tallnadge, Tipton Webster,W Iitc-19.
NAYs--Messrs. Allen, Benton, Biown,
Bn'ehanan. Calhoun, Clay, of Ala., Clayton
Cuthbert, Fulton, Grundy, Hubbard, King,
Lina, Lumpkin. Lyon. McKean. Morris,
Mouton, Niles, Norvell, Pierce, Roane,
Robinson, Sevier, Strange. Smith, of Coun,
Trotter, Walker, Wall. Willams, Wright,
From the Correspondeince of Ciarleston Mercur.
WAsINTo-roN Marchs f.
A painful report- agitates the City that
General Vinfield Scott has been acciden
tally shot lay one of his militia men. The
ruimorA frot the Canada frontier are sa
freqtently erroneous, that no confidence i,
to ie placed in this. It is now quite cert ain
that the whole Northern frontier is tran
quiliized. The insurgents have been dis
persed throigh the prompt and ctertetic
menastres taken by Generals Scott, Brady,
and14 Wool, and cal. Worthl.
The Neutrality Bill, which hung hetweeti
the two Houses, by a disagreeient as to an
inendment of the Senate, was finally pas
ed to-dav, aller a long debate. T'Ie Bali,
as it passed. leaves the trade in aris, &c
opnC, "by sea,' as heretofore.
The House was occupied, after3o'clock,
in a discussion of the motion heretofore niade
by Mr. Thoinmpson, of South Carolina, for
the re-consideration of the vote by which
the louse passed the Bill for the relief of
he heirs of Robert Fulton Mr. T. spoke,
t some lengI Ih, ill so ppiort of his motion, ;and
tI general delhntte ensuel. The tmaotioni "will
lit the Senate, to-day. M r Rives present
d a ititemorial from a publie mneeting held in
Virgini.a onf the subject of ihe death of
Jinathan Cilloty. Several incinorials of a
sitilar t-enor were presented by other Sela
fors. The Pension A ppropria:ion Bill waq
passed. The Senate then took tup the
Independent Treasury Bill, atnd Mr. Bavard
-oncluded his reutiars in oppositioi to i
%Ir. Morris followed in a speech partially
IIIl IIPorting thia Bill.
fo1~ r a UVlI C'a
hat Mr. Calhoun will speak ntain, on the
,eteral subject, to-morrow or Monday.
It is currently said to-day, that the fit
leieiident Treasury Bill will pass the
linse. That it will pass the ,'eiate is cer
ain. It is sd that, if the Committee oil
Ways and 'Meais had reported a Resolmtion
lee-laring that it is expedient to sepeiate the
loveronment from tne llank-4, it wolil have
tieue crried by a major-ity of~e itte or e-igt.
l'hae Subil-Treasury B ill, either ini the fiormn
vhich it thas rec-eiv-ed frontmte Senate or
'rnt the hiotuse C~ommttittee, will, hos.5ever,
is it is now helievedl, pass the hlouse by iwo
'ir three vtotes. But it wvill be a loij timae
wefore the I Iouse will reach tihe fanal qutes
ion, probabily not for twio mionths,
TIhae Presidetit's drans ing room wals opeti
ast night, for thle first time this season, fromi
ighat till ele'ven o'clock. 'IThe rooms were-i
cry t-Ieicow~ ded, bit here was mtor-e fir
e-r t han lhas of late yer beeni nsual at the
Fromt the (hlueston Courier, March I2.
Lyra From Na-:w YoRK.--'The splendid
ew ste-amt ptaiket Nepttnne, ('apt. pen
toyer, arrtived lherie otn Saittrday vmiorntin"
ast, at seven o'cloack, fromt New'1.rk,hav
tig til t hiat port on u ednaesdaty afternoon,
it a qitairter pas foutr tt'clock, makhinug thet
nat in less than siJrtq/-/irehours. The Nepj
itae hats, th<. refore. maade a shorter trip by3
tie hour, thtan lhas ever before hi-en acct-etu
.llihedl by steamt, (te 1 lotte haiti oni haerau
tecondt pass" jt ont to this poti, rna it ,t
4 hourtts,) anid we bel ie-ve, as fier ats our re
ollectioan serves, quticker thtan anoy oilier
tiimmtunercicat ioni has ever- been made b'e
wee-n New York and C har-lestt, fromtt
vharf to wthatrf. The Neptunce wasdtetaiti
11i ait hour or two, h.- conlsequncetC of otto o
ler pa~ssnter-s, ( -.. Booth, the clebiratetd
ratgedian) hauvintgt::,rownt himnselfoverbotiard,.
ati to wvas foartunati-ly resenaed fromt his
ur'rilons sit uat ion tthrotgh ihe promai pintes%
ond decision oft Capt. Pentnover-r Tlhe i.
hiwing arc tie parttientlars oflIllis occturrence
Iiebt, we are happy tol say, was not traigi
al its resuilt.
"'Mr. Buooth, the celehrated tracedian, at
emrnpted to destroy himself while on his
assage fromi New York to Charleston, atn
er the following circumst.ances: Mr. B.
vent on boardl the above packet, ini cotmpa
ly with his friend, Mr. Flynn, the well
tnowna Comted ian, otn Wednesdaty ev-ning
it't, andt ont the passage showed evident
ympitomnt of insanitv, butt beinig carefully
vnehed by lisi atnxionis friend, hail no op
outtmity oif oseaping his vigilant eye, andI
ppeaired to improve gradually undrct M r.
'lynn's friendly caire, unttil the after-noon of
'riday last, thle Dilt inist. when 36 mtiles N.
'. o Fry-int Patn Slthial, dturintg dlinner,
ht'n Mr. Hootht exensed-i htimsaeir fronm the
title, t ook advsantatge oif his friendl's abisenice
nil oweredl himttse-If fromit the promnenadle
ee-k, whicti attrac-ted the attention of the
it-t. Capt. tPenniover, Mr. Flynnat, and
te rest oft tie passentge-rs being ealled from
inner endeavored to persaade himt toa ae
arn, on hoardl, whetn he n0t only refusedl.
at inmmenidiately plutnged into thte ocean.
apt. Pennoyer instatly stopped the boat
htieb was thien going a the rate oc e...e.
miles an hour, nud by his prompt exegtions
and-presence of mind, a safety buov wis.
thrown over, and n saftliy boat immediate- I
ly launehed. The gallant Caiptain took tho
helm, and Mr. Booith. uhough then a half a I
nuite from the boat, was rescuee from a
The Neptine anticipated the express
mail about thirty hours ; but the Iapers
brought by'her-aud we receivi l copionsti
files fromin ill the northern cities-coltained'
no news of importance. There hod been
no later European advices received.
The Charleston Conrier states, that
Booth, the tragedian now in that city, came
very tcar killing Flynnt, another actor, wbile
in bed, on Monday night the *12tI int. in
a fit of detirimin: He broke a cast irni fir"
.dog ovor his head, :a-l otlierwise .tvett-lv
bruised him. Ilis wounds are not danger.nm,
. 'rom the Charoston Anrrury.
Several contradictory reports hai.vingi
rcached us of late, of the cptuare .f : numim
her of Indians by Geni. Jessttp, we take
pleastire iii presentim to oir re:lers tihe
following extract of a letter received in this
City, fromn a sortiee eititled to credit, that
they may learn the tr:e state of all'irs in
INPIAN Rtivi-..a Pin. 11.1rch -2.
"At preseit I here is ai quasi peace with
tihe I nmdiantq. Ilostilitie4 have (ca'ed but
how lotn- this state of tiingi. mttay coitinnIte.
I cantinot con ierture. The-re are' said to be
5 or 600 lmmlininns;. (womimenm CrhidIren and
warriorm.) at or ntar Gen. Jestip's Camp.
at Jupiter Intel. with whomn he( wa-I- having
-a talk. hIe coullbrence tnay or may inot
terminate in their agreeing to abide tlie (e
cision of the Presidttnt ;Is to remaining or
remtoving WXest of tihe Nli'issiippi. Tihe
proposition of Gen1. .eupi-4, that het will
receominetid to the Presilent that the In
dians ule pernit ed to remaii itn Florid;,
bit if the Prsident refuises, theni the Ilm
diam ist go. If the Iwelians a-ree to this
prolposition, theit ihre is a prolability that
the war may soon lie over.
LATEST FROM FLOR:iA.-lly the straml -
hoat Florida, arrived at Savamnah, fromu
lack Creok. on Sisunday, the latest intelli
gec frontm ei. .Jessip's iea'd mmimrter,
near Juipiter liket, is to the Ist inistant ftroni
which it pliears that there were etcatptled
halfa mnile fmimi tie Gueneral's ptositiont, tl
wards of 200 114mliansa, mer. women ad
chilren. unler the chief Tus-ke-gee, a air
ing some de-i-ion in reference' to thtiii,
consequet on proloitions w hich they made
About one hundred and forty Indian tic
grocs. wIho caie in with Ttuskegee's party
left Fort Jupiter. timider anit escort on thte
1st Alarch, for Tampta Bay, forembarkatin
to the West, and who, it i-1 .:ail, beloi
mostlv to Indians who have already mi
grated. It is fwtrther said that tbott thirty
or fCtriy neroes :ire still ott, !o ithat nea'rv
;i! te btlacks havfe left the feh'l4l. hv ciptmirse
or rtlrrentder. ;&tIm .Jtinmcs i" ndeerstiowl to
ie about one hundred :ni tlft,. intes so4ui: th
of For, Jiirtt't, 20tJ iuile., mmy) Shark 'im
ofT Cape Sable.
R u-:ors.-The v estern Georgina of hi
26th utinimm'ays: --It is rimm-ed ht'-r that
G'reteral Charles 11. Nelson, sivS l illi ia a
recent emgagetment it th in 1mtdian's.
sing a Couneil of h+, countrymen. A fur
ther report has reaceehdrim the C hero
ke Agetncy, that Johnmi1 Rois'u, pritim'ilpal
chief'of the Cherokces, lad Conttitt ted sii
Some of the New Vork parie;'; estimte
tle number of lAioreri s utii of eimpiloicimen
in tlttt cil, to bt., atae-t rt tho1s1i?..
'Ilhe mtstreiss a montg this e'la:-s, is i worr
kodmi of ismre"ss. It is g~eer::ly di'tress fhr
luotd andtt r:-im it
F"CO. liFR .NClE A N) E:N( LA.\I).
chan. .-lTere hans not beitn m I'Leemua
for si'veratl yeatr4 so deser.t'n'ive a lire ne~ thatr
whtich omcurreid onttheii 10th .1 n:mnary. CTe
l'uchanimge is etirely 'd ie'st roytdI 'Te
lliatmes wer'e Ii rst dis'cive'red issuini frm'ima
- Lolod'(cife hoise', itt abmliit h-ft ptI
tenm by~ onem ofl the wamthmetn ofthlie hantk.
Thie amlarm wats instaniitiy givent; btle bthre
thme entitmes arrijved tihe ftametsi wert'ettom
tmtitedmi to m le l'achange:'.ri. tf omtie
lan'ed hettiiire wtiem'eri coni hem pi'iroure,an md
raiity. Anoi themr it' ay iiccutrn''I-lef
the gtes'u colt lie mup'.- iia et-ibl hu1e enim
pities to et'erui the coutrt yardi ;lbut whent ant
enmtrance('i waspai idI it wa<i too late t, avye
thme buuilihnte. By mtidntight thle wi lhle edli
firet wam- itt am bbi:., '-o ib:n ito' 'r':tions' itt
thme firetme-nI ger' frm'i t le'. 'Ti'e'iconflagra
tion wa,- vsille timr mih-is mmtadm it h
than live hoiurs f'rom tiin- --ilaiio''rmu- etit of
the lire then whliih- ''itti' was' ini rins.
(hytm.y to te presence' oif~ themtjiitry, :mt
lie giteeraI goodii minuet'r of th "rowil ft m'c
tb'ita mvedat pil.e m .iiti.'now xi'--um.
was utib'-i lni'he reimmmn. of' t'hles Ji l a utt
'sttit' of ir. lm To a irimhin 'he pm an i
lietl'tcm' notinjured.l A u notwm t-hiaIag
ist'lety talkied(e of. mi'iioem s~i
Fille x. - m hlirn mt:t'ing ima ira
rymmt thu ftluian'u Oean n.irm lim m ai was~.
elcnsmd ty ~ire.tttm Te aberm~fl wa give o
te tamte tinigts ;tu be otw thrndn
bireulpa cnued. On li jmitrlle of thedicorwa
ktumiiud'b a~u iiit tndeatiting troum elmcapen
frtof thecfambi'rl. t An ilsurane had ,win-en
tol'itur, rtt till amunt the'000 htinnesion
thme'. t the tdt' mcontetls. mitle l
puerirl wIma hof bSt.uv l'a s amu g.-Th ihum -i
pemi paace, ori tew woir fm p liato the
rnpetidroi wlis burnts' ttel tlro mu e t
liethi'ipti of ecmer a 'tt, lie times w iebmi
broke ont'' a tit. o'okat, nihmsit senl
ine. Aete mminl- orm'thieialr m hm tta, us
pero, ithiu his itry, wasm te teatryI' e.
otl n the nytgevsmwaug It- s tirn e in
tAl cileor to0 chek ihs e re roe or lest
injured on this occnaion ; hut this accrount i6
Some ialc of fie extent of this ciditiee
may lie gathered from the Fact that 15.,600
persons havebeen accominttitdated in it.
Several individtialst have c been arrested on
suspicion of setting it onl fire.
CANADIAN AFFAIRs.-The Englis;h pn
pers are principally oecupied with the of
fairs of Caada. ill tihe hmoverInenmts w hiebi
have hirt 4ore filled our journais being
copied entire-with very free remarks ispos
tihe course of the people and the Govern
!ment of the U. states. Both the French
and1( tihe Euiglish journas seem to havo an
ticipated that our people would friely ex
pre-i their sympatty, but t hat our Govern
n111,11t wvolm aet in good faith For the pireser
vation of its neutralitv. The Proclatma
tIm f G'v. Jeni.,o, 'af VeImaiont, seemed
t) haive atlibrdei titmtm satijufacitiin, as a de
iminstration tif' the pui.iic anthorities fin
The Arty preparations in Great Britaiit
for the Canadas are - trv native. Ti
Dandy Corps of Great Britain, tie Gudad
ame coming over. It is tihe handsoumt's
looking corpt, in the- world, time officers be
ing all ofhigh familfies, amni ti men picked.
The 1.4andont tiis says tihat inciting a.ll
un'ler' aoriers't'mre tare .even thonisand rank
The Loadn pncket Samnpson. Capiain
Sturgis. which sailed for i New York, has onl
board Sir George Arthur, Governor of U.
Canlad; ' witlh Lieut. West Arimr, Aides
dle-Can ;Lieuts Jones an! Cooper, af the
military force it Canada, and Messrs.
Wiakor anid Watrren of the Royal service.
Several otlier civil gentleren wenm ont itn
thisship, who are intinded to set, onl theii
arrival in Caummala, in the foriamation of vol
ui.teer coirps. All time February packet
shlips will come flreijitmed with Briish
oflijers, Col. .oddere'l. Col. Shawe, Major
(General T. Penrson, le. Gneral Clithic
row, Lient. Col. Cox. 1iis1jaors Williams and
Mcl'hail, and Captains Ie itttenburg mi
S% 1:1m, Lient. Cha'rs Gs'lascoi ne, Patersoni
Nit kle. and Lormig, a1 j. I Lend ai Capt.
Homretof the Usrds will elmiark for
Qmme. time liast wee'a'k ot' Feirtutry,-a
most periliis voya-;i'ge- for tlit port it iamt
sa.slonm: Tl I ltSuho 1id In faitry have cot.
mmoncnaed hevmy aarebing duty in the vicini
ty of Liamdon to bie ready ftr serion, bitsi
ness in Canada. All ilie wives of tie sol
diers are to be kept at liomie. The light
rengnimitts seit to Canadha, and for emihar
caiion, viz. lime 43d, 71st, and 85th. are to
he clot lied in grey-a cloth very mineh the
color ofa bark of a tree. Tilis is a very
proper change., says a I.oidiont paper, as
the'r Wil be mntteh blsh-fig lIa n, and our
red coats n ill not lie so good :1an object for
tie Anericn rl Canadian riflemin.
ANsO-HRtt AL.Anl or FIRu- A-r -rT.: ROT \I.
-nss-:.--liIeteth th ours oftwo d ;1t
the -llk yesterday afiterntcooni, in l.irn,
s rai bhrm-l empOwioed im I mhrt
the ruius c th Hox.l Xc iissre tai-it tha
dne hmi nati i::dh agsainm stoni it-ei'!
it' a it ----~:a 1-' arm~t' tl i~itsi iimmg
i--, r r b.,- tihea l trner of the bptini ny
Ii w'c ht : -.:ns 'a vat' i a ieb etam ii
a I i :' i ' :5-hi:o . h-at, a .., ima Cs
e4 p *A I it s r i : in';ssr'. it stheru is im.
fi toinii atl- ''4aw ii 101111#r1mny l dohilut. h::
tiie'e tim ortamt aoeam' aimen t. in C'aflmtliiem
w tit ' o iher propertyt, wil be complt iv ti'
.'Ire iave been reports current for some
dasys pat tiat several Polish amd other ofi.
'ers had la-i in London a n d41 Liverpool pack
t-ta for New York, n it : he v r f lit,,.
the rebeis ini Law'-rmm 'a saA il-it aint j 1,'
;in! stra had abt bn4 rn .! t.
same dt-:iin m 'it imptiries. 't ''a
t -,, it a i n;';. they 0 a t ,,ni . . qi-.
L asmdona hin'- maf par'.1t ha. im[nri', . E1,-h
n si! 1e:m~ iv m in ri hr tiday ors tao-rm,..-. ,
iii or !2 lii'i-m 0;!'-'-- i'r t '.ss:m:.a i'
emplot'i'u t' m' t la..miz g the mi' ikim a teda
mmnt mee e trgmt .m ijel t' tti reta'ii asii i.5
ufit rsm'a r e~ pa''lroceed'ainmg Ii .om ismas t4- to N n.
\'air] to :ail time IFrench't (a;ti:aw in tis r
.Pos-rTsm nir-r- J;--: .1, I) ':rx !,' - -
imemkat shsip . )'ar, sR ahi- -tam'. hla,:: :i o e --
firm iverpool whenttma;ce shei saih m oan Ib:.
Is.t ofi lFebi.
By :is arrivali time Ediitors of time Mer'
'mmnaiiml! ie Aetair, hat reli-tv ex tmive'rpoai
Lotia's0y, .Jan. :u.
sv in" ati'lt in tie iEngli,,hm 80t-e' 3msaket
mi ':aturdaya.it -I. iai ref erenc tao (C'iniatian titt
a'r', st'u'rns to lae giradutaly ri n 'ii ;m-a
ioth-. fomr isoihmsa,,- cotim- to himadt m'm
ism in atm 1 inai.tmsatier' mii repoart iof usa' r'eptl.,'
a,' ia' l'riusmti lads at Nasvv i'.shmai, andA
in- n' hoime r'f'ts onm v aiue raimtsr's ini tae I~.
'nm'a s'taN' I. 'e -is.ieverfdai!'
vill 'i:' 'lit mntetr comp leta-y at ra--t.
:s we(re' la-st msmarka-i sit ('a- --.hm
ti-mitaa-y ma] the~ acemmj~t. --in-guert~
mm dayvri at;'s tim (-is pim ml.
lairbani tmo 'antmis. ( 'smptamin lis'e ihm
irlar-y (iaya, ofi tihe 5tha Baims-ar iii
H-.ario zaysi: LIi,-uit. thels o nits iF-A-i ii-, V'jj
irN, mof the ('mbi stre :nn' (srard--,- .1f I 'rd
Iese; s i ( t. ('enrs-m ga mmi
a-h aim.: hea ti' i t-hmsinst-d Aidis-s11.'( t.p a
Te .hirney )m stametf-m
ort Ba'i'e.l, i h a t'a'been t~ r !d i -a,,-. il m
Itork iharbaor. 'wtith ith l' i's! lt'l o tahIi- .
c'rmm t'ri. ibany ra'rt'.
IFnotat -rnt EI: ti '- m:s ' n--.The Inlt#dingp~
F or, .s d..isandedI.-( I hir ial detiiamt i''..-gii
am'n. 'a4 tat1 sandi Col. V thil, Weiiim thea for
ama'of the ii' 2amd it.. ;and the lmt~a r oaf 11.e
Mr. "ihtowa thmr at ot .n thie Noairth-m a -
':ve' bmeen abLsper-sed, aind ii';st tr'ialpaiity
am'- been't reta'., I int tin rv- ireenaotr.
(ien5. Wooatl warint s 'hasr tha- c'ttire' ftmamt
imifer lbs N'-;mat ,.ml (''r,, a-inSt (:.
ensung:, Le'-rei.t red' tat htim ;,t r2 ,,-gar 'i, I
d. nm th; Ist tsmstntc near tihe (C'ewadas lim-,
havt' onei ti :n.rthi of ;he' iv'ill sae oif Al
'arghm Sptrinsg-,, Vt., with sail 5iheir mc:mnnen
marli iarmas, anamiaettt:m i tion. I'.ii' out's ti
his Gemn. WV. hadmi taikn one pa'ri ,- rih..
ry. nrd ii:e lo:adl of .* i.:.'r nr-l
for artillerv and musket . 1 r.. N. :Er
'arte ii erre inl ti enes11stosty 4f Gerr \\ a14, h1V
whomI they would bie linrretaieried to ithea
civil iatiorities. The B itisih iroops v ere
within G or 8 mileR a.f the ilavading camip at
the time 01 tihe s'-rend:ae'rr.
The whole Fro'- tier, fri Ft A lban-; to
W%:atertown, is entiraly tran piliv-d-.r'b
ably not tl lie aai dist:!hed.
Gen. Wool left St. Allb:os for Plattsbutrgh
and Clamplain yesterday morning.
BI"rALo, Marn h 2.
Tie State Arm*. stolen from Col. Ran
'non's onliao-e in Clarnce on the night of tihe
22d tit., r-re reovered-at few days after
ward in itncaster.-Com. A'dv.
FnoaM Til: Fn' rI.t..-nother Patri itt
flairc up.-On the 26th Feb. about 280 la
iriot-. tear Sandusky, (thi, crossed over
from tihe Peniisula oppo.ir. that place, -a.nl
calpttired somgie hoes oi I'iaini land, (in tho
Canndal sii. The distancie teaross the Lake
on tile ice in this paert ii 19 milea. Aid an
attack on the I- aand firot tihe British was
1) e S~tit se 1r.
l'J)G1,'IL.LD C. II.
THURSDAY, MlARcH 22. 1838.
Thle attenion of our citizet s is called ti
tie Convention of Merchants which is it)
asemble at Auigusa, onl the first M1onday
in A pril. It is a subject of great iniporarter,
and we trust ilat Edgefield District will
prove its interest by tmoving strongly tihe
natter. We are reisteim(d to call a iublic
meeting or outr Citizens at tie C. iiouse,
onl Friday the 23rd inst. at 9 o'clock, A. M.
with the view of rappointring Delegates.
"Urnirine" anti "Tycho" are received,
but unavoida!ly postponed until our n<-xt.
The rimor or tle death of (en. Scott,
we hoipe. is a hoaix, as it has not rcceived
SAFETY OF THE STEAar PACKFT NWjw
YORK.-The New York, Capt. Spinney,
not long since on-her passage from New
York to Charleston, encoutered :a scvero
gale oil' Cape Ilatteras,;, :ttd was near be
ing wrecked with the loss of all oan board.
H1appily however no harm was dlone except
soel injury to tie Boat, which will ie re
p-:ired in a few days.
Now, we have nothing to say against the
.Sifits of tire Bon, tor would we be so tin
reasonable .-as to dispute tire justice of the
very higIh < neomiurms %% bic Iht Ole Passentgers
linre passed uipon the Captain, for we
now notig about either; bu. retninded
of the mel.eancholy fate of the "Ilomte," and
tie pulf upon puf, which sie received
iuring the shrtt :,-.iod er her existence,
and fu13lly sensib of theif great evils which
haeve flowed firom tile systen of pufing,
We Wonld venrture, as we have often donre
-l'ire, fo n'rri Yamniojfrftg-int i t;-e
are sorry indeed to see it. A good Boat
need fear niothing, for it iill reeeivn tira
ihtiic confdlrerae, w lentr it shall haveea-Ird
it. We' et I lit lifIt e valle npon that charera
r, 1ic. h1a1 w to I e bolstere! up hv r(rtif
',w hter it he arna:, n ta e ar;a
for a l'a-en: tree. :de'rhavb:eg caed the
rn: of ''the va-d il,'e'p" ta> lhis. Iri ('r
tam r atnd this 'ai''n toe) when hr id'ee-r'r (
C"""b ht~et fenC(t .e. It all thev aorild wera'
wourrld heir ir,'rre tie l~ihn;r noat tiata we
woa.!ra a:r o he rlmre ity aof lhe ]';r .:
rcee., hiat ilth:r rrm rally the an'vre tot pmrat
tri.i a', andari Isr i ftcle 5('t- Ilt ien c -
nat ra detrac o sfa. ,un the we nt of i air c'
is thI elauppoie ay3f ir th etieg (f.2n
C'iiren, to) tarl~e in1to conseidle rt arin the pro -
prriety of appoinIIting llaegrresa to t he rl er
ireas ('anventitona, art .-\ntae g.r srt'.
it c'ttant hre ecesr'-:r ar a, .g ta~t * a
cortrnmanrirty thre ;.:reat iaroprlatra-e aof thr~
-'randrl(trr connn(ieri eterpr'~tize, icha it i a
Sthe ail~j:-at oft Iris t ('aonv:entionr to n'airomlin h.
'orehl we lay hra a our r eadrers; thIe v'( rv.
aleA, d~reran of ih-- .\rgrtn 'arv(ea:'r
tar thre l'e'aph-' a fl thre c 'uthle'r'r : at' I '
Wearn A esv, w isnoaw' t~rmr thea mroat
irhe-ann;r~rti anorhl he ineaitedl tar wa. trm '.tr
Vi:torr'a .ac'ion. \Ve ns il ha're' givea. am few's
frats whrreh wea hatse adrrwn ftrm th~at elao.
<per ;r'.l prari iotie ppr
"i la 18e6, h, s' holei i-r-a'ra. af thre 1'.
Stte noar.i 'a r ie remairnubee;'rrarogli.r,
<d! : ' 'S I t t(.t.t. n hi!a tina": af rai tha
.\thmrtie' m'ate'.. S.,tth of' tihe I'e't-amar,
:arnd tha' St.rta.' .'r thre ( aintr ef 'Jaii.r, it
rt''an:a'd tar ''nly: 2(q.r0g, tflt, aemrl those, of
eru!h (': a'ie ar ra d arargina) airI g
:nt'.e00. lhn an tire nte.car, tire a
rtrarltia exporats af ahe L'trite ed States, amnrt
eel tar n$ ?ryO00. Go tot wichel N. Y. ('Xrartedi
aronly&I G ,,04., egaintst ant impr;orntof 118
mrillionae~s whilst the Saes Soth anicd Southl
\ est arf tihe Poatoae,a erxportedl $78,00p,.
000, agatinst ran imrpaort orf otnly $20,000,.
4000, anda Scoth alrolt'rina anrd Georgia, eaich
havrinrg ra acomrercinr a' r aport, wsith iira cf
hrarbra aon tihe At': rt'e, aexaaa-rid : 21.(co..
(000, argdustt ant itmpfort of ors ig~e
Theira a rrrasts hre' a'x hi.teda, arre rara: nad
it.:; :rad, it ;s aI: liaed, that i tev mre'" nth
a'ut at prrarll in d e b'aory art i ra!aerrrudett
"trat'". -Un aYo'rk imreda 'i r timesg. thre -
amtm~trt af he r exj 'e'rts, n iie th.e 8rnrthenrr