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111. LABORDE, Editor. "we will -cling -to the pillars of the temple of our liberties,
and if it must falf we will perish amidst the ruins."
VOLUME 3. EDI.IEFEI, C. II. A. V. 1ay 3, 1838.
-=.= -a~ meuss==mu=== mau w tn-aases!5
EVERY THURSDAY MORNING.
TERMS.-Three Dollars per inaun if paid
i advance,-hI'rce Dollars anud Fifly Cents if
paid bet'ore the expiration of Six Months fron
the date of Subscription.-aid Four Dollars if
not paid within Six Months. Subscribers oitof
the State are required to iay in adrance.
No subscription received fur less tinin one year,
and io pnper diseontinned a.ti alllarrearrges
are paid, except at the option of the Editor.
All stbscriptioins will he continued nuless oth
erwise ordered, at the end of the year.
Any person prooring live Subsc'ribers and
. bieoming responsible for the same, shall receive
the sixth copy gratis.
AnvzsrisEMENTs .oenspiCttortsly inserted at
624 cents per eqatare, for the first inserlion. and
43.j eents for eac h conitinnlane. Adve'rrtisemunts
11ot having tie number of insrertionms marked on
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All Advertisements inteinded fror Ibliention in
this paper, iust be deposited iii the Office by
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CLOCKS, WATCEN AND
.E PELLERI V.
No. 242 BIaoAD STRET, Aut-STA, GEo.
(Near the United States lotd )
T IIE Subscriber olhers to the Citi.zens of
Edgelield District and its vicinity a itich
and Fashionable assortment of'
WATCHES, JEWE.TmRy, &c
of tre latest Style and Importation, consisting
in part of the iollowinc Articles:
Gold Independent Second Watches, with
from 17 to 25 Jewels,
Gold and Silver levers, Plain & full Jewelled,
Londo Duplex and Anchor Escapement
Gold aid Silver Lepine and Verticil Watches,
Ldies' rich Gold Neck Chains, new patterns.
Centlemen's Gold Guard and Fob Chains,
Keys, Seals, Finger-Rings, Breast-Pins, Ear
Gold arid Silver Thimblos, Pencil Ctses, Spec
tatles. &c. &c.
Mantde Clockv, Flower Vanes and IIusinc
A General Ausorftneuit of
SILVER TABLE AND TEA SPOONS.
Sc.urn Tocsa, Sour LAOLS, C.s-ront ANiD CAKE
U3ASKJers, CMCNDLES'TiICS, S~ir SgooN s, &c.
A ine assottment of iote Ens', E.r.rrr's and
W s on & BUtrrcuI's L! ZORS, PI'NKNIE'ES
ANI) SCISSO US; alsoit aoud r.sortuenit of
UJW 'IE ILNIVES and DiIRKS.
JoMN B. MURPIHY.
N. B. CLocKs and W. reiics carefnlly re
paired. nd 1irrauntd to perlarmi well.
An;:ista, Ga. Mareli 1 tf 9
BLUOCK TEW AND N 3
I' e H E.
T fiE Stiscriber htson liand a very Inr-e
suipply of ready made 'TIN W A I E
of all descriptione, which he olers nt whole
sale or retail, at as low price as can ie if
thrded in this prt of the cointry. ITe has
also a large supply of the newest faishion of
.1 APAN W AR E,mogethier with English innd
Bllock Tin WVare of excellent quality. Aisn
Copper arid Sheet Iron WVare-Shie'ting
and israzing Copper,-lllock tin, Stove
Spelter, and Tint Plate-n i of w ihihe of
fers for sale low for cash, ait No 1 (1'9I mrod
streer, A u,,nsn. 11. F'. Ch!! EW.
- Fihe Snblscriber bein truly thankrl~ful for
the very liberail piatronage heretofore lbe
stowed uipont him hv i friends and thre hitb-l
lie genierarlly, respeictfurlly sorlicits ai cnont ii
tunee cit 1heir favor-aind oilers hris servi-'
ces in either of i he fllo ~ winig branches ofi
hris hnsiniess-C(opper' T1in, Shee'(t liron, atrid
Roofo1. IF. C.
Augusta, Gn., M, arch 5 t f 5.
DlRUGS, OlLS, A'c.
T II 11 ubsc~ rib lers repreictfiilyk i nvite ire ait
tentioll (If Mre 0 birc , lanrtr-t. P'hysician s
and otthiers to ilicir ltr Stoc(k of
Oils of all Ikinrds, Pauints, 1be Sb.Tf,
Windo:v Glass, 1BrusI~s, &c. k'c.
ATs -rus:nu Stoncers r~s
IIAMBURG1 AN!) AUGUSTA.
Their Sup pily is hecavy', their assortmnrct guiond,
and( their articeis fresh.
Dl~cinig entirely with tihe Man iufaicturers or
oru.iial imiportets, they enn sell theijr goods~
as howu as ainy bonrtre in tlwe Sourtherrn C2otunty.
Please callf arid exam5rinie.
Our Store in llamrburrg i.; next to II. 1.. Jser
r'lites &00ot. lIt Ai!ita, (ihbioiitc to IIEAi.i
Pr STOv.\LL's Waiie Iloren.a
- 1KlT('ilN & RLOBERT1SON.
F. M. I i;t.On', I. 1).
ne-nrmber 6. 19? ? h 45
iiew spriesg an1d asimnivicr
G OND S.
T II Subscribeis beg leave to inrmitr their
friemds amid tie public generally, thant Ilev
are now receiving their SPitNG AND 'Mf
M lIt Stock of (OOI)S, consisting of
ilack and bie black Italian Luistring Silks.
Colored Gro de iap do
lilack Sinclew do
Siier. Black lomibazines,
A good assortment Ladies incy I1mimkrchiefsA,
d1o do do do do Blelt IRibbons,
Lalies black and while Silk and Cotton Gloves,
do black and colored Kid do
do bilk, whito & color'd Cotton & Silk Ilose,
di4 greeni, white and black (amze Veils.
Pl, Jackonet. %hill, Swiss, & Book 3lnslims,
1'igured and Checked do
Mtiuslin Worked Collars,
lMain lobinet Footing and Fdrinm,
A good assortmeiit of* Prints, Ginghaims aind
Printed Jiaekonlet do
Plaid Swiss do
Printed French Cambries,
Am nmassortment of .adies 1onnmets,
Bonnet and Cap Itiblibon,
Fine Satin stripe white Musliis,
"1 " eibroidered do
r-4 and (-4 Linen Sheetiiz-s.
Also,fiir Gentepmen's Summier IW'ar,
Black. bie and brown Camblet.
llaek imid brown twilled Siminer Cloths
Ilromi and white )rilling, and brown Linens,
A few piecs (e!or-i:t Natikemms,
White & color'd .\larseilles & Valeti Viesting,
Silk Pocket Handkerchiifs.
Also, Mlack, bluem and invisible Green lroad
G~enitlemen'is color'd. whlite andtbro hiiv tal' Iloe,
do plmain and pleated Hlomnbazine Stocks,
do (o do Satin do
do Linen Bosoms amd Collars,
do black andl([ colored Ilosk. (Gloves,
4-4 Irish Lines and Bleached Shirrings.
A good stipply of:I-4. 7-8 amd .1-4 brown mm Shirt
Imig -4 Siheetiigs,
Plaid and striped I)oimestics. :md fed Tickings,
A lirge sttply' of Siumner I laits,
Gemnlem'e's ihoes and Fine' Pumpsa,
Iadies and 31 isses Shots and line Slippers,
School Books, Cup ani Letter Paper.
Also, a general assorimmit of
llardware, Saddlery. Crockery and(I Tin Ware,
Together wiith a sipply of
Vaucluse Osnabturgs dnm C4otInn Yarns,
And manry other articlis too tedions to enmerate.
hlliey feel very thrnkliil for tie liberal patron
age heretofore received. and hope by strict atten
tion to businesa to imerit a contimimre of the
saine. NICIIOLSON & PRI-SI.Y.
Idgefleld, March 14, 18d tf6
New Spring and Suamaanser
r =Ise Lcrhilers respectfully in rmi
their chstomers and the publiek gener
ally,that they hatvejust reeeived n large sip
ply oichoice Englrih,. French amd Aimericni
goods eimlbracintg every variety of sia ple amid
lantey g oods, suited to lie i 1ig td Stilm
mer trade. Also a large supply of (roeres.
Croecker,,, Saddles, Hats, Shoes anl 11o1s.
ill of whelh they will sell oi the itost rea
somiable rms. 'for cash, or oi credit to
Thomse who wish to get good bargnins will
d1o well to give them at casll.
Is. L. & 1-. PENN,& Co.
LEdgeficld, March 14, 1'38 If 6
New Spring and Mumner
CL 0 T"I1AG,
W IE live ijnst received at beuttifil assort
imnemnt oI GOO)S for (eintlemen's Smn
ntr ('ilus, I*antalpons and f'csts. which thev are
m;pr:iei'd to ihave imle till in the most l'A'Sil
it N IlIlE S''Y L E, anid oi reasonahile termis.
\'st, a general assortment Ready .lade Ci.orni
'1, siited to tie seasonm.
HlA TS. SHOES-3 ANI Bl OOTS.
J 2OO Pair of Shoes tainti 1100 e'inbacini e very
-tyle Iaid variety thve jtut been rem"'eie by the
S.nbscribers, wiih toprther wvilh their th9*'nner1
'tock. imake a gmeral ati complete a'sstii tmtien't
shliom inmd inl the coumtry.
.\lsom a handstromme a'siortm'ent olfA I-.SilltN A
11.0I[AT8. sulited to the eaon To whichl
they' invite the attentionl of' thme'ir enistomlim s.
G. L. & EC. P-NN L Co.
School and N1 iecelancouix
TI IisSbcibe'rs hav e on hoItml a ~ein
assor'ttment of Shool and .1liserl
lneous Books, amon...gst n hieh ate SmithI's
A ritimetic, Stmith's Geograph~dy amid A t las.
ammii Simitih's G ram marim, whieh aire highily
apprti"ovedl of amid recroiiimmlete b ly te bes't
G.I,. k IL. PisNN, & Co.
N o1 i e ((.
Q M iT IIS (iaanr Gocography teil
S Atlas,onm thei Prodnieiive Ss'tm . A lso.
Stmit's Practu'ica:l andu 1 rmntl Amrihmeric,
wvimth n vaie'ty of other Si our. linot-r. .',
miaty lbe lfoun d at thle Store ofi
C. A. 1)OW!).
31 arebl '7, 18:i8 ml' 5
A L L~ personis imb-breimd to thme Estate' oi
gueist('d to mattke itimmdinte patyitmenit, a mm
tose havinig dem'andsirlto iiprto therm limo.
Errmeu'ti'r w~ith the WJill ainn<u.red.
M arc'h7, 1838 . i 5
V i 1l N ottes ande Are'nits mit Dr). . amites
Sptait, decceasedm, ha ve Ibeen leflt withI
im'. I1. I.. .Ielers, in I Iambuitrg. All per'
sosindebhed to Dr S pannti are regtnested(
to call and pamy Mr..Jeeders, w ho is thtlorized,(
to r'ece.ivye t he: mo ney; tand those hatvinig
deimantds aginmst tihe Istate will pleasre rcni
mdor themr to him. E. SPA~NN,
M!archm 2G. WMJ' tf 9 , dn't-jr.
From the New York Mirror.
Tim Htn.NiNu SnIP AND THE SIGNAL
GuNs.-Late in t autumn of 18-, ha11
pened to lie in the southern part of the .
States, when some aflfiirs of importance re
qimred my spee.ly appearance in Italy.
I engaged a passage in a vessel which
was aoult to Riil freom Charleston, laden
witi Cotton, ror Marseilles. The ship was
conainded by Capt. S., who was also the
owner of the4 enrgo.
Without any note-worthy occurence, we
had arrived within a few days' sail of the
c0nis of Spain, when we spoke a ship which
hal just come from Marseilles; the vessels
exelangel the latest pnpers of their respec
tive Countries, used went on nanini in their
several courses. When the French papers
were opeied within our schip. our captain
read with unetxpeCte'd delight. that so siall
was tIhe sUp)ly of cotton in the nauket, and
so strang the demand for it, that the next
vesse'l that arrived with a frcighat ofit, mnight
cointld almost tiny price whichi the ava
rice l the owner should dictate. The cap
tain perce'ived that lie might, pretty certain
ly. relize a splendid foinue; a considera
lion which filled himl with the most enthu
smnstic joy. .very Sail was expanded to
the wind, and we advanced with the great
On the' following morning a light was
descried apparently directly in the course
which we were makinig; as we proceeded
briskly, however, it 1ell to the south of us, I
iad we perceived that it was a ship on fire.
lhe light increawed every moment, and the I
signal gtuns fell upon our cars with distress- I
ing ra pitlity. The captain was at this time i
Paing the (leck, as lie had dtonle almost I
consiaily since the intelligenrce had reach
ed linm from the passiitg vessel; for the <
restl..,smess of expectalion scarcely allowed
h, im to repose, flor i isoment. Ilii eye was
lirere'd resolttely towar-l the niorth, and
althouig he' light non glared unshunable,
and tle fretaeur shots could inot he uithard, i
and the commot ion anid exclaiations of the
pass-ngers cotld not he imnotteed---his
glainces never fel iIupon the object which
engiiss'eLd aill others.
After a ti-w moinetats of intense wonder I
and excitement among the passengers and I
crew at liesilence of' theeaptain. the steers- t
man called to iam and asked i' we should J
tot turn out to the distressed vessel; but the
ruely ordred i to
solicitation of the whole coipantiny on board,
I wenit till to the captain aud said to him
that I deemed it nmy duty to inform him that
ihe universal desire of the crew was that
relief shou d lie given to the burning ship.
lie replie'd with a1gitationa that the vessel I
could not Ie saveel, ialil should only lose the
n% ind ; anid inteidiately went tow to tie
clIin and loc'ked tlie dour. He was a kind
hearied man by nature, and oi ordinary
occasions feiw% woutll have takcn greater
trotlelmr to bIenaefilr a fellow beintg. But tle
proelac of riche- was too much for his vir
tue: the hope of' great gain devoured all the I
better feclings of his nature, and made his
heart as hard as stone.
The crew, ini this condition of things, hail
niotlitig to do iaut to lament the master's
cruelty, aid submit to it. They watched
the4 liery mis, conscious that a large com
lian of their biathiern was perishing within
their siltli, who, by their efrorts, tight
probialay lie sur ed. It wits not for several ,
liurs that the clitain appeared again upont
toe deck. al from ihis appearance then, I
i:giite that a he coanflict during this solitude
iurist h:ve been severc and trying. I stood
e u hn as lie catme i). Ilis face had a
igid, yet arious look; tle couantenatace of
a man wiho baved, vet feared somie shock.
Ilis bjac'k was turneid toa the qlnarter from
%n I'elh we caie, :and1 iU that position lie ad
dlressedt meit calmn'lv some inliflerent obtserva
tions. While the conversation went on, lie
cast ftalieasent hurried glances to the seouth
aind easI, till his eves had swept the whole
horizou. and lie l:nl satisfied himself the ship
was no loeret' inl view
When we eelied our dest ination, I found
a ship jist prat'frinug to sail liar lorenee.
anda I tooak tiy passage, leaving tfie capataini
tea dispose of' his carge, at his pleasure.
Abaoat eight aioenihs after' this, wheat I had
ralriost foargotteni the occt'turee. I was sit
titag ini the priv"ate panrlor eaf at Lotidon hotel,
when a letter wias putt itato mny hiatnds rom
Ciapt. S. It statede, that the writer, who was
iti the eii y, haad haeardl eahiay ara'ival, & wotuld
estceemi it a v'et'y " teat kiindnaess if I woauld
visit himi at my13 el'iest le'isure ; nmy comaiing
wunitae he of' the utmaost impjor'tancee to himi
self no othe aers; his servanmt, it aiede, waiteed
toashocw tie the wv'. I immrneiately set,.out
tea coplyl withI the req1ue'st.
Iliaii entteing i lie roomti I was shocked at
lie change whtich te aie place ini his iap
peariance. I I wias thin, plelt aied haggard,
withi a wvildnesas of' eye thirt alnost indicated
lirat his reasoat was un iseittled.
-I have takeni the Iiberty',' said lie, 'of
esir'inlg youri comani ity at this time, biecause
yoi ar'e the only personi int Lotndoin to who'n
I caci veanre to make application, and I
Iami gainig teo lauy ipon yau a~I commltisstion, to
whsichli umaa sure yout will not eabject. TFhe
c'irc'umtistanies eof outr voyag~e tea M arseilles
wvill occur to youar maind witheout my repeat
iaig ftem. I seald my) cargo upon thec most
adevanitrageonis termns~; andh was renadered at
onae at rich maen. Th'le poss~ession of wealth
was new tel tme, ratnd its enjoaymaent aded, ini
myu case, to its tusual gratification, ahe charmi
oaf noavelty. lii the Capital of Paris, I spent
maniniy weeks 'if the highest pleasuire, unitil
one day, oni ete'irg a cnfo I took upaa Ga
zette, riian ty eyes fell tupon an aeceonit of
the awful hurnaing of' H. 13. M. ship--..My
beurcrt beat und my frame shivered ut ?
read every n ord of tie article. The vessel
which I had passed the duy before had seen
the light from a great distanee annd immntedi
Itely rut back to render aissist 'ance, but ar
rived too late to rescue moro than two or
the crew. They reported that a vessel
passed to the north of them within half an
hour's sail, but paid no regard to the repea
teil .nals ; upon the corn mmander' o tal t
ship, thne article concinded, must rest the
loss of two hundred persons.
Aly peace of mind was gone forever.
Wherever I went that day, I was haunted
4y remorse. I retired to bed that I mnigtn
rorget in sleep the tort tires of the day ; hut a1
terrible dream brought belbre ity ind tihe
whole scene of the con flagraeion, wii h a roar
f sngual guns. I awoke with horror.
rhrice on the same night did I compose
,nyscit tosleep, anl thrice was I awakened
by tie repetition of the drenn. For many
nurs ott tihc succeeling day my spirits were
thockingly depressed, but life gav conpany
which 1. frequented gralually restoredi mtfe
Q serenity, and by night I was tolerabiv
:oaposed. But the evening again brouglnt
error; the sanie vision rushed upon mvy
nind ani racked it with agony wheneverl I
1el1 into a slunber. Pereciviinng that it I
rielded to this band of tortnentors I shouhl
inickly be maddened by sull'ering, I resilvedl
o struggle with remorse, and to hard .en tiy
eart against conscience. I succeedied al
vays when awake, in mastering the VImtU
:on, but no powert otn earth coull slnield
ne from nine tornents of sleepn. Inin-iniog
it length that tie prostrate posi:ion of my
>eds was one cause of the vividness of my%
Ireams, I took the resolution of slteepin'r
npright in a chair while ny servant watched
>y Inc. But no sooner dfl finy head drops
Ipnn my breast in incipiennt sliunner, thaln
Ine fire again tortured my brain; the om1in1
runS again rang npon mny ear. I soufht aill
liversions; I wandered over Eturope, seek.
ni to relieve tnyself fronm the doninion if
hnsfantasy by perpetual cnangefsiglts &
uccessons of sounds; but in vain. l'-ilv
he borrid picture more & more enslaved t ny
magination, until at length even in wakin
while my eyes rested ott vacanev, a burting
hip was painted in tie air, niid n mi ny
vakingears Ilheari tie eternal gnnns.
norror has absorbed ay being. I an sepa.
ated by a circle of fire froin the world.
1 now, I see nothingz but tine widie sea
in ie incessant flamne upon if: I heir nlow
heo-gonzing siguals, booi ! boom'
unfortunate mann paused for n mo
nouents, his account.
'This must soon end. The purpose flor
which I have sent flor you is brieflv tihis.
'he whole sum of mnoney whici'l gain.-I
ny my ship's cargo is in the Ink11n nof* Enn1
and. I shall order in ny %%ill that everv
ent of it shall obev vour disposal. I wi4l
ou'to discover Inlefailniies oft those who
ierished in this vessel ; you will Iearn their
names by innqiring si the admiraltv. iDis
ribute to them every cent of this inney...
f'ou will not deny tihe lasnt regInest vf a dly
ng man - promise mne that yunn will fIaith
ully perform my wish.'
I gave him the promise which ie dezired],
inm left him.
That night, Captain S. took poison.
From the raitintore Gailtr.
THE NoT:-noon or .% N.vrre.%twr.
In his tan parris, tlqjue intistt .t. s. utr rani.
Quantfes. qt t inetica-obilis Iu i. !
Last fall I was conversing with antn fi.
eiettific neiglbor ott the infinite number of
tiinals inl the world, and, after exciting hi,
istonishncnt by the recital of so:ev fts'N ott
lie subjects that are fiamiliar to the innitinted,.
inazarded my reputatim for truth in his
opinion, by informing niti nlhat in a few l-n-s,
could produce as many aniinals of a pir
icular kinId as ie wouli wish to see. lie
ooked increiulous. anl intliiated that I
vas blasphenously assumning the preroga
ive of the Creator. I guieted his appre
tensions ott that, score, aind i old himn thalt I
vonld neither employ witenrieraf nor Iny\
liabolical agency, I .ccOrdtitng ly vroctleedl
.o work and took several glass tonbnlers,
talf filled with water, and pitt a sanll por
ion of hay in onne, witLnered ln.wer's in aI
econd, andt pottoet ;neelintgs in the tird'n.
lie shook his htead aind cotnl not compn jre
netnd whatt I wats ab~ott. I punt thne tminnhenrs
ni a secure place and reqtuestedl iin toavn'e
patience an few days, whnen I would diisla~y
nsiomlshting woniders. Whlen thne timle hll
tlapsed, I broughnt otnt mvy mticroscope., wt iebl
is of highl power, and firepa~nred ihnr tihe re'
view of rn'y atnitmals. I took thne te inhier
witht tine hany itt it and shtowed' im thne *slimte
in thne stnrface of thne water', and punt inng an
smiall drop of i tnder' thme inslttument, I rn
qiuestedI hiim to look, lie Iootked a'nnl slr'gik
bazck im amnazemnent. lie sanw annimansls of)
every shtape and ligutrc, nronnmi, snlptmre, setr
pent me atnd contvolutte. I took at dropi1 fronm
each ttumbler, atnd tine samine phnmnena
wecre exhiibitedl. Thne tnumbler wats imn
mense, and so plenaed was hie with thne view
thnat his oye~s stmartedl aenttely frotm thne long
cotitnued inspection of thetm. Siomen ilok
ed like little~ ishtes, annd onthers like greast
whlales floundering atbot tine sea. Somine
times thtey shot straight forward like at hn-n
gry shark at a poor flying fish, antd sudelenly
sitood still ; again thney turnedi as nnn aitn axis
atnd described citrcles ; sottetitmes they con-.
tractedl themselves atnd thnen suddlenly ex
panded, & cut all snorts of 'fantastic trieks.'
He ackntowledged that I had keptz my
wvord. Thien said I, we were speaikinig ti'e
other day of the nutmber of animalss in thne
wvorld, and here itn one drop of waster, I
have showed you monre titan yoin carn cottnt.
Howv many then, sire there ian the wholhe
tuntmbler ? in all the tumblers ? ini a potnd
in the dismal sw amp ?. in the world ?
"P-r-o-d-i-g-i-,n.u-.s!" w'as i bnrief reply.
The microcopie animalcules which I ex.
hilited to Im v astonished neiglhbor are call
ed, im scienjtille Ianguage, infusoria, he
cause they are found in Ivater after certait
sul-tances have been infused therein acriat
or imldiscernibles, and anorpha, or withoi
florm. According to Spal Inzani the germ
or eggs of thee inifiniisnials of creatio
are coniained in the air, s) that they ar
douhtless received into otr stomach. in th
blood aed other secretions of man; tle tar
tar' of iis teeth is full of theii-all vegeta
bilo shstantices teem with them-in sand
tiles, wells; on mountains, phains, every
where tare t hey found. Their rinutenes
is incalctilable, hundreds of thousands ma3
he sEen inl a drop of water, and dhise atolm
have it niith id several stlomachss. Tle3
aire woliderfilly diversifieil ill their organi
zantii as well iss their li vore. Some lool
like a biell, others like a funnel, and other
like nii12 else iti reati(it, which we liav<
ever seen. Some have tails and others ar
dlest itte of that appewhf'ige; som3e havc
11ile, two, three., Iotar eyes, whilst other?
have nione; sone have I oth ii and sto
imch, lit i other orifice. Sose cxhibi
the ruditents ofa iervotu- syStenit. whicl;
ei' not ,le perevived ill otlhers. They are
notit mere annial phitils or ziophytes, fill
they have pmn ers oh l*oioaotion and volui.
taty aerlilin. They move ahout theirocean.
drop ot waier like jther animals of rthe sreai
dleep; they dexterously avoid each otlier iin
their rotary gyrations; mliove fast and slow
at pleastue chanige their plaee Suddenly
and stop instantanseliuly, and exhibit many
atheir sins Ii of' voI Sit1on.
The mijnue specks of erention have not
r'hnilell ithe sertinizing observations of the
iatiralists. Several distinguished m1en have
made thent objects of study, lut Ehrenburg
f GermiaNy, spent fen years il ihe investl
"ItiOn of thern, and has written learniet
reati;ees ol iheir history. lie has divided
htem into vaiins classes, genera and spe'
,ies. I 1e speaks of them1 as minutely (just
is thouagh he handled their limbs,) as a com
)arative anatomist would of the gigatitc
on11es of a snastodinll.
liee Lre tnimals smaller than any thin
ver seeni. vet with aI complcte organization,
Visth life, motioni, appetite and means to
;atisl'y it ; daigef-tion, nutrition. and powers
if reprodnetion. Maniy will not believe it,
mt here are the lfaecZ.examiiinc for your
elves. Since the creation, they rioted ini
'ar blood, entercd with one food, planted
.oloies between our teeth, lived every
wlere, blit unknown. unt the microscope
minniw plena stint Jortis. Aid yet it is likely
lar even these indiscernible creatures have
parasites preying oil them, an(] that there
lie rileS whi.Ib meape liuman observation
is fiar beyoad Iinfuaries, ats the later are he
vn nlii ele-phlsi. The mind is no w over
vhvn.-Ited ill contemnplafing ihe extent of
inuial creation, and is led to adore the
widonm atd power of Ahnlighty (God in
rei and ust' 'ng this wonderful uni.
Giod made nothing inl vain, and what end
inbs nuoisane!Would mankinid
ne it 11ey were extersiated ? doubtless
liy ierlhi ;tn iptiortant oflice inl tle
eIonIny of na1ture, or they would not he st
iiversally diflised. They mnay serve as
rpu/ruifors and contribuite to preserve a
h'ality action in the sibsitmCes inl which
tiey are foluind.
The rovidfence of' God is adorable-its
woin!ers are jia.t finding ont-lIis works
praiOe hinm, for ill his witdon lie iajad
'rim the ar Orteans I'iripinr.
l'ris .i.s.-- \a :coiil of% y0ung friends
i '. litt tal uIrby 1 Laike, who conduct a
pape-r in "(c'Ots," are so jealons of' their
ideiitiv. thal the'y mark all their ediioriah
'ith their respeelive iniliils, to prevent the
possibility of hiors falling oil the wromn
tih:,. We have 1111 1111 auler of their pa
per ty i but h %%e recoll'ee to l haveseen some
snell otics as 1h fIllowiln:
The weathier is very warn and the roach
are thick with ilust. S.
The New ( )rlsans papers complain very
sinlcha of duill times said pressurec in th
Aloney martiiker. S,
reelnen oif Mi %issippi! Come111 to thu
po11, itand do not1 permiit the locof'oros t<
tr'nnlph a1 t ies ex t eion. G
TIlm tdi~tiy of' the lonofoco presss i
maekmlg ai parly imiter of' till duel1' at Wshl
'ver'y genicrouts iln plse, evei'y sen tiient ii
Somiiebodity cried fir'e yetsterdaty; bitt it wa:
a t':alse atIlrm. s
ThelI winterl is fairly ov~er no0w, and11 win
pant ahX~tns a1re aill thle rasge. 5,.
TIhe yliung ladlies ill our1 nieighiborhiod sir
rsa;her 1 lhiiime ltan otherwise. S.
TheLaboina~j~tble dog mlas of' Col. IBentot
aret w'orthiy of' sill ex''er'ation. G.
A wa5gon ra~n oI'f yesterayi indw
hill. Nobody was hur, a n why!i Becaus
noboidy' wa'5s ini it. S.
Ilints to II'rita rs,,jor .Seuspapers.--Wr'iti
plain; not1 imere'ly so plaini thiat the edlito
canl *miake it our1,' hnt so thsat lie c'ommmiti
compolisiitor can~l not1 fail to) readl every syl
ble. l'Take(rrcof'orthography. Puinctuait
coIrrectly), andI do not1 leave half of1 thsfl tasl
for the editor. Mlake slome distinaction he
tween little u anda lii Iuc. D~ot j. Cro.
('very t. Wh len I iaid J'tre in the word, ii
not ~~ cross ht hof' thieum. Whlen yion cross
do no~t place thel imark so as to) make
doubtfuil whethera y1o11 infltdedI it for' a I or
Il'you sare no1t Ilitite bat isfied with your' ar'ticl
Hec w~hn foresees ealamnities, suffeors thei
Ba usswcr,, (Geo.) April 19.
Mammoth IBone.-In the exeavatioi of
j tie Brunswick mid Alatamiaha Canal,theire
t has been discovered, about live Mailes frOmla
t this place, a large deposite of hoie' of x.
j traordimiry size, and in a reiairkable state
of preservation. Several vertebra',of eight
inehes in transverse diameter, have been
discovered. Teeth, inl which the to,) is 9
inches in the longer diameter, and 5 inatees
inl breadth, anid about as large as a niau's
hat, have also been excavated. Th t
were evidently of* a molar character. There
have beet fonnd also smaller teeth of' itore
solid structture, wviti pointed crowns, and
apparetly belonging to (omne Carnivorous
aninal. Porions of l:re tusks l:ve also
been excavated, of the perfect striututtre of
ivory. These last wereamuch eriiihiled,
but to judge by the size oft the circles inark
ed in the ivory, the original diameter of tlif
tusks could not have been less than ten or
twelve imehies. It is probable tat tire priii
Cipal deposite of bone- has scarcely been
reached as yet, though1 several Car ll1ad s
have been excavated, all that have vet been
discoveied were wilihin six feet oftie sur
face. They lie mostly rnhebledded in a blue
clay. Thus far they have not been fin
covered with care. and ni notes have becn
taken of the relative positions in whichi the
diflerent species of* bones have been brund.
hi ftture the excavations will procced with
the attention die to the discovery of such
curiosities. We believe they are the fir.t
of the kind that have been found in Georgia.
Specimens will bo forwarded to $ Scientifie
Soeieties, and we wait tho result of their
examination with great interest.
In tihe salt. marshes upon tho shores ol'our
bay are flound, at the depth oflitom 6 to 15.
feet, frequeut roots and stumps of' the ev
press-a tree which grows only in fresh
marshes. May it not bi that the Alatama
ha once dischar ged its waters at this por c
and that in the convulsion of* nature which
chianged its bed-removing it 12 mailes to
the northward, these giant animals were
destroyed and embidded together, having
sought for security what was tien tire high
Cst point of land.
_.t:LAn PuENoMENA.-The London
Literary Gazette states that at a late meet
ing of the Royal Asiatic Society, ai ex
tract was read of a letter front a naval ofli
cer who sailed on board the sloop China
irom Bombay to thu ':-iati Clt ini the
year 1812, detailing a r'manble phenom
AdrE cbSeiyio.. ogboardwvit.
"Inthe month ofAugust, about 12o'clock
nt night while the ship was rapidly nd van
eing with strong wind aid hi h sea. thev
were, without any interval instantly s
rounded by water. as white as milk. The
color near the ship was of a dead white; this
brightened as it rceeded from the ship tin
til, towards the horizon, it became a silvery
hue. No horizon was however, visible, but
the white color seened to ascend tonsards
the zenith, becoming constatuly more hril
lianti and dazzling so as to obscure the stars
which had been befere fully visible. The
sea becatie quite siouth, anid the ship per
fectly steady, as though in a ealm, nor
could any appearance oi'her cnt tinig tlirotglh
the water be discerned: notwith-istandin
which, the wind still coniitnued to blov.,
and the ship to advar:ee as rapidly as eL
tore. The water when taken utp in a bitel:
did not difrer from the ordinary sea wate ;
it became phosphort scelit oi heiui :atituted
but not more so tlan usual; no phosphoreb
cence was visible in tie sea itself', being,
most probably overcome by tie color of t ie
water. The vessel sailed about I5 milr
lirtiogli this white sea, then left it as sud
denly as reachcd it, meeting in anl i:st:t
ithe Ctnnlttious sea it had been sailing inl
. before. The change inl bothIf places wis :is
rapid as a flash of lightning. The 6:.:11
plhitometioni was again obpserved two se'
eral times for periods of about t nenty nmin
ites duratitn; and t lie appeariite inl
both instances, as deseribed. Col. lri g
rema..r ked upon the hat t en' thlat ie himi tifCe
witnesed a similar plonomenon otn board
the Benares, in tie year 110: that some
..irm was at first ..used by it but that the
Caprtaini hadie witnessedi thisriemia rkabjl ep -
piearance hre'i're. Iia het, hte unmdler-tacod
that it was by no mecan, rare but had been
nioiteda by mnost vessels sailinrg iin these
'lTheo editor of'thre Boston Jlournal says:
We once witniessedl a iphenomenontir rsime
nwhait similar. ini te Atlantic (Ocean, w lben
the neatest soundeing~s Biermnuda, was ,tmp
!posed to bear N. W. live hrundredl umile..
Th'le light green patch apperd to bre aboutt
hae larkil in lenath, rind 'onttrast'ed n i Ih
th akblue of' the ocean, look1 ed rlv a -
,Iarmitng. WVe passed rover it, o? ' Ion m-g!r,
bitt hound nio bottomr with 103 1.. brozn cf
T 'he press is wa~kitig niy 4)n the -tibject of
Southetrnt impottti. Th'le Wetm p!h
Setinit, andi thle Moltbile ChIronicle recom
mndr at conveioin in tMiobile or New
Orbe'anIS bimiilar' to Bthat tnow it siein at
A .inta. Hiow w~otuld it anhiswer t o all a
rt'al C:onv~entiont for thet Soutth andi Sotuth
West. at Vicksbuerg or N atcez,, anid let it
assemle oti thle f'ortht of' Juril? u fhat miy
you, broth ern?--N. 0' Picaj,/unec.
President Iloustoni of' T1exas has been
challenged by W. S. Fisheir, late Secr-:'tary
of War. The President haddtihe ebhal
t lenge to his seryant boy Tomi, who'ititermn
Sed Cot. Fisher's secontd that he would think
or the affair-' At all evenits," said Thom,"I
will give it the attention such a thring tmer
n Give praise wvhere praise is duie, but deal
out centsure sparingly.