Newspaper Page Text
From the Cormspoandece of the Charleston Mer,
WAsuateo-oN, April 17.
The fouse having nothing else to do
are about to take some lessons on the sci
ence of Meteorology. A Mr. Espy has ap
. plied for the aid of the Government in pur,
sain his inquiries into the science of the
wea ier. Ile has convinced some of the
mPembers, particularly Mr. Adams. that lie
can learn evrr one to tell a fortnight be
iffe hand which way the wind will blow on
it particular dlay.
It is thought that the science may be
available to politicians as well as to Davi
gmlors, farmers, &c.
h'lae Committee to which the subject waI
referred, reported at Resolmion granting the
use of th lIall of Represenatives to Mr
Espy, fir the purpose of delivering Lee
tureb to the Members in support of his thee
ries. Soeio opposition was made to thle
.5i r. Pienoats suggested that, in this IIouse,
it was quite nnecessary to resort to a pub
lie Leetiure, for instructims in regard toiuind,
The I iouse. however, sustained the Reso
lttion, thiking, perhaps, that they woulh
learn from he Professor soine new way o
wisingf the wind.
e t April 19.
The Scule took uip the Bill to proven
the issuing nad circulation of the notes o
aite Bank of tle United States, as currency
and the debate was continued through thc
Mr. Wall saicl the present Bank clam
imto pozsession of the property of the lat<
B.-ank of ihe United States, as trustees, fo
tle limited and specified purpose of liqui
dtaing its debts and disposing of its means
'Thle new Bank fiiud amongst other proper
ty and papers thus transferred, about six
teen millions of dollars in uotes, Somec a
which land beetn issued and called in aan
discharged. They immediately seized up
oil this hand as their owan property, and il
vioilation of their trtst and of the rights oi
the corporation or tiae oid Baank, put it i
ciruelation. It was their principal stock ir
trade. They had issued of their own note,
oly about three huiadred thousaand dollars
The Charter of the late Ba.nk having ex
pired, there was no obligation any where
for the redemption of this paper. 'the nev
Banak was not legally bound to redeena
theim. They might be hound in equity
but that warnot a riatter for our considera
tion; because the very object of a charte
was to create legal rights and remedies.
He uaggested that the Government havin<
given existence to the Corporation, ant
been a part of the Corporation from which
these notes originally emanated, knowing o
licir circulation, and permitting it, migh
hle in eqmity b)ound to redeem them, in cas
the Pennsylvania Bank should become in,
solvent or refuse to pny them. Taat i
anighit become insolvent was not impossible
in its much as speculations in produce ai
stocks wcre extremely ncertain, and a
particular eisis, miglat be ruinous. II
contended tant the whole transaction wa
a fraud on the part of the new Bunk, ans
that it was in the power of Congress to pun
Mr. Preston doubted the power of Con
defend the course of Mr. Biddle in issuin
these notes. His own opinion was that r
was highly improper. The Governmen
ias a Corporation, in the late Bank, could ill
a complaint in equity against the Pennsyl
vania Bank, in any Court of Equity it
Pennsylvania, for any injury done to thi
Corpora'tion, 113n1 procuare ain i.ju.nction.
As aan itndividual Corporation, if'he thouagh
his rights impaired by the course of thae net
Bank, lie wouttld seek redress ina that wav
But thme Gov ertnment had no right to uasaar
juriicttiona in the ease. It was clearly
matter foar thae decisiona of the State Couarts
If Congress consid'ered tihe course of Mr
B iddle as imapro'per, they miaghat, as Corpora
tors, stuimp thecir reptobaation tuon it, by
Resoluttiont to3 that elleet.
A rati 20,
Te Cumbeiarland Rond Bill, wvhaich a fet
<lays atga was rejected, lay a vote of 9t to 9E
wag, to-day, after havting bieen conisideredi
dhi4cussedl ill theo Ilouse, att n avassed ori
adf thec Ilnase, fiinlly paassedl to a thairdl read
inai, lay a vote of 100 to 95. This show
thaat very little deapciendec is to be placci
itt te aetion of thae fouse, beenuase at nae
ver acts, as a body. upon aiay p)rinaciple, bti
athat of' stront locial and1( party interests.
Whlena, lay inadividtal imiptulse, it goes right
tihe same causes will barinag it hack ngnlin.
Very stroaag aad eloquenat speechecs wer
tmndol~ againast thec Bill hy Messrs. Rhecti
Piecens, alld Clownaey. Air Corwin re
lled nat length to) daiy to these gentlemen
A fine oppofrtuanity has thuts beena lost lby th
friendus of reformai anal ret renchmtaenat to shot
thte sinacerily of thaeia professioans.
Mrd . Pickeans called uapon the f'rienaas e
the Adaainaisaratioaa to patase inl their enree
of fependitulre, if thaey wvished to stustnii
thae Aainministratiun. If alley cotald not brin;
thme disbuarseameits within twenty-three nmil
hanas, the Admainaistrajtionacoauld not stanad.
lie referredl to thec postponemneant of thac 4th
inistahnaentt, ai measure witha which heo w a
idenatiied, andl hen named the Slates of Nevl
Yorllk, North Carolia anad thercts, wlahah
aso harge an inaterest inl thaat instathnent, thxa
thaeso sappropariaations wolid baeggar thaa
Tlreasiary ad rendler it impaiossiblie for tha
iovernent to pay that inastlalmenat to tht
Thea hill was finaltly passed lay a vote o
6 tat 80. Its friends finding thatt thtey hra
secutred a mliarity fora the lill, were unswil
ling to trust it for a sinagle day to thecchanea
oaf anaother reconsidleration. It is stupposec
thowever, at theo hill wvill be lost ill thae
Senaate, tat least therec is a very good chane<
for its rejetionm there.
Th'le Sen ate to-ay signlalizedl its wvisdlom
firamaness atnd patri otistm, by a triaumpana
andt odeeisvo vote ia condemntatation of' Mr
Biaddle's condat, as thae corporationa soib
(as bao is ini fact:) called then Unaitced Statet
Blantk oflPennsyvanain. The bilh to preven
thae istiang tandt circulationa of the nlotes 01
alrafts of the laite Bank ofthte Unaitead States
hby thte presenat Utaited States Bank of Penan
sylvania, was passedl to a t'hirtd readinag, by
a vote of 27 to 14. Mr. Cialhotan andt Mr.
Rites ade very able argtuments ona thae
quaestonl (If the powier of Congress to sup.
press these tnotes, anid to entforace thenir saup.
pression nlgmnsrt thec Banak of the Unitead
States. All theo conservaives joined with,
whige opposed it on the gmaund of enconsti
tutionality, but admitted that Mr.Biddlo's
conduct was a high handed and daring a
buse of power and trust.
On motion of Mr. Preston, his resolution
relative to th.e. Annexation of Texas, was
made the oider for Monday next.
THE REPORT ON TIE DUEL.
Mr. Toucey, of Connecticut, Chairman
of the Select Committee of Investigation
on the late Duel, obtained leave to make a
The Report was not read; but it recom
1st, Tihe expulsion of 51r. Graves, for a
breach of the rights and lprivileges of tihe
House, and an oll'encc of a high character
against the vital principle of a deliberative
assembly and of represenututive governament
2d, Trhat Messrs. Jones and Wise, as
seconds, deserve the severe censtre of the
House. The Committee dwell on Mr.
Wise's conduct as particularly censurable
in resisting any accommodation without
3d, The Committee entertain no doubt
that J. W. Vcbb lhas been guilty ora breach
of privilege of tihe House, but as he is amen
able to the civil authority for a conspiracy
to assassinate, they recommend that the
House bestow on him no furtier notice.
This Report was made by four members
Messrs. Grenuell and Iaridon made a sepa
rate Report. Air. Elmore made a Iteport
distinct froi the other two. The Commit
tee moved the printing of tihe papers and
the postponement of the RIeport till Alon
-lay fortnight, pending which motion, the
From the Correspondence of the Charleston Cour
WAsu:NoTON, April 21.
Thle Senate did not sit to-day.
The following ire the yeas and navs, by
r which the bill for prohibiting the circtiation
I of the old U. S. bank notes, was ordered to
Yeas-Allen, Benton, Brown, Buchanan,
r Calhoun, Clay, of Ala., Cuthbert, Fuhtilon,
Grundy, Hubbard, Linn, Lumpkin, Lyon
Niles, Nor.vell, Pierce, Rives. Itoane, Rob
inson, JRuggles, Smith of Conn., Tipton,
Trot ter, Wall, Williams, Wright and -Young
Nays-Clay of Ky.. Clayton, Critrenden,
)avie, King, Merrick, Nicholas, Pretiss,
Preston, Robbins, Smith of ladiana, South.
ard, Swift and White.-i.i.
From the N. Y. Commercial Adrertiser, April 17
BANif CoavENTrox.-This body ad
jotirned yesterday sine fie, the Alaryland
Delegation having withdrawn on Saturday,
and several other Delegates returning to
r their homes on the same day. Thie result
of their deliberations is embodied in the fol
lowing preamble and resolutions:
-"Whereas it is found necessary in order
to simtltaneous action by the basnks in time
resumption of specie payments, so to pro
ceed in designating a period for that pur
pose as to secttre the nearest approach of
unanimity-and whereas while in the jutd
nient of this Couvenfon, the return to spe
cie payments and preservation of the curl
rency mn a sound condition, will depend es
seutialy on the course of the general gov
ernmei -..iet this Convention
t good faith, exclhsive of any direct reference
i to the prospective measures of the govern
ment. At the same time, the Convention
t has been happy to observe, in recent letters
from the Secretary .of the Treasury, spe.
- cifte assurances of an intention to sustain
the banks so far U3 it may be done through
the fiscal operations of that department
of the government
"Resolved, That it lie recommended to
all the Banks of the several States to resme
spee payments on thme first Mlonday of
January next, without precluding ;an earlier
may find it necessary or deem it proper.''
Thme discussions of the Contventin have
been animated and' able; and wye have reat
sonm to believe, notwithsanding. its sittings
were held with closed doors. fliat however
widely the members maty have differed up
on other questions,but one0 opinion prevailed
,im regard to the cause ofour financial ditli
culues-thme untoward action of the govern
. ment. Mr. Galhlatin, it is stated, has sig
a nalized himself by his exposure of Im'e
I wretched measures of the p resent and( last
. administration upon this subject.
tThere was no difTrenee of opinion in re
gard to the high obligatiotn of the banks to
resume sp)ecie payments the momenit they
couldl do so with safety, without apprehent
sin of a second sttspension, and with a due
regardl to the busiiness relations of the whole
country. The only questions agitated re
lated to the nanuing ot a precise day for a
New York,nmot only from the requisitions
of thme law, but fromt its own poIsition) ami
f strength, desired thme shortest time, andI Alis
r sisuippi the longest. Origimnlly foutr pro
positions were intormally entem tained, nmamn
tung thme 1th of Mlay ensuing: thme Ist of'
October: time 1st of .ianuary, andl thme 1st of
April next. The Committee reported int
ifmvor of the 1st of October. Trhe Newv
York delegates moved to strike out the ist
of October and insu.rt the 1ith otUMy. Tlhe
I ayes on this qitestion were Neuw York, in
diana, Missouri. Illinois and Msiip.
Th~le finad vote for nmig te bm Monday
January for~ resuming was as idlows:
Ayes--M~1aintie, Vermont, Minssamchumsetts,
IRhodle-Island, Gonnecticut, New Jersey,
E Delaware, District of Columbia, Virginia,
I North Carolina, Inudianma, Illinmois and Alis
souri. Noes-ouje from Ne w York and two
I It is utnderstood thtat the Ne i Entglandl
D~elegates avowed themselves ready to re
stite with Newv York, provided they could
be satisfied tomo so, irrespective of tihe sitit
niiont of time bantks of the South andi WVest.
But of this fact they were ntot sattisfied
thteir opintiont beinig that the business relaitioni
of the whole country onght first to lbe so famr
adjtusted, ats to enatble the baniks of thei
Union to resnme simnultaneoutsly. The
Co)nnecticut delegates fronm tihe fi'rst avow
ed their readiaess to resmimne with New
York,provided ime baniks of te latter would
assture them thamt their depositors were to
be paid int specie. Th'e funids of time Con
neeticut banmks beinig mostly in New York
on deposite, they should of'course look to
the New York banaks for time mneans of sus
taining their own resumption.
it is not to be denied, however., that the
Eastern deo'--:om~ wern ,ne-,.t... .
avor the Philadelphia and Bahimore.banks
Ahan those of New York. In a free conver
iotion with several of those delegates, they
rrankly avowed that their interests and sym
pathies were with Philadelphia and Bati
more, for the reason that while the course
of the New York banks, during the year
past, had in a measure closed New York
against them as a market, the opposite poli
.y of Philadelphia and Baltimore, had o
pened those cities as markets for their man
The proposition that has been adopted.
however, does not fetter the operations of
any bank whatsoever. Any and all are at
liberty to resume at pleasure, at any tno
ment, and without farther consultationl with
any. Those of New York, it will be seen
by the following proceedings, will resunie in
nbedience to the law of the state, on the 10th
Ni.w YORK, April 16, 1838.
At a meeting of the delegates of the city
and country banks of the statesof New York,
held inl this city, this day, the following
preamble and resolution were unanimaouply
adopted, and ordered to be published:
"Whereas, the law which legalized the
suspension of specie payments will expire
by its own liititation on the 15th of May
next; and whereas the effect of a resumption
tire considentions which more properly per
tain to the Legislature than banks: therfre.
withont attempting to fore see what tihe ef
fects may be. ut hoping that they may not
he injurious to the commuerce and industry of
the State, and with a determination to ren
dor to thiose interests all the assistance which
shall be found compatible with a discharge
of our legal obligations
itesolved, That the banks of this State
he recommended to resume specie pav
ments on or before the 10th day of May
G W. LAWRENCE, Chairman.
W. M VEa:sun.yp, Secretary.
Snien:-New York Banks, &e.--lt is sta
ted in the New York papers thnt arrange
ments have been made by the Bank or Eng
land, in connexion with Messrs. Baring,
Brothers & Co. of London, and Mr. James
G. King, of New York. to send out to the
address of Messrs Prime, Ward & King,
of New York, One Millioni Sterlings ($5,
000,000) in specie. Two hundred thousand
pounds have already arrived by the packets
Sheridan and Columbus, and the residue
will come by the packets, in succession:
. 100,000Io by each.
it is stated that Ihis large sum is qett out
to New York with a view to aid the Banks
iu resuming. The American adds
"It is estimated by those who have good
means of knowing, that ten millions of dol
lars will be imported before June 1st. and
that, without reducing the amonut of bul
lion in the Bank of England below ten nil
ion pounds sterling-as the tendenev of
gold was constant from the continenIt to
From the New York Erpress.
A notice was put tip in front of Prime.
Ward & Kina's ollice this morning, that
arrangements had been made by the fank
of England and Baring, Brothers & Co.
through the agency of Messrs. Primes and
their partner Alr. James G. King, noI in
sumne specie payment. Of this-sum, 6M,
000 dollars have arrived since Saturday.
The notice has excited qnite a sensation in
the street. Etiquiries are now made how
this has been obtained; what Banks are
particularly interested: and how have funds
been piced inl London to pity, as all these
points are important, if the specie is really
gnitg into the vaults of the banks to enatble
themi to resume.
Specie Payments and Mr. IBiddle.--The
Senate, yesterday, undertook to give a side
comimuent to 1air. iliddhle's letter, by pis
sing a resolution appiroving of the suspensiton
of specie paymets. Thie Ilouse had a little
more indeendenc-e-(the Ilionse represents
souls--the Senuate diolla rs,--antd rejected the
resolution by a vote of nearly tuo to one.
much to the ama.zemient and chagrini of the
liiddleites. Mr. Cantonl gave notice that,
im ease the Newv York banks agreed to re
sutme. andt any Massachusetts hank refuasedl
to, he should immnediately move for a comn
nittee of investigation itito its all'airs with
imstrnetions to report its actual condition,
thtat the|Ll egislatutre might know wvhetheur it
was actually banikrutpt or nt, atnd whether
its refusal arose from necessity or caprice,
Fromi lthe AMilledgerxile airrorder, Apjril 24.
Geni. Scott who has been~ ap)poited to
the command of the troops stationed andt to,
lie stationedl in Cherokee, lias, nttuder the
aiuthority of the United States, matde a re
qumsition on the Gonvertnor of GZeorg-ia for
twvo regimlents, ten comipianies each, ofi in
limitry for that service. TIheo Governor has
recogmzi-ed thle reqluisitioin, bty ordering,
thurotigh the respective colonels, one coam
patny Iromu eachl regiment itn the folloiwing
counites, the motst convenient to the scetie
of operattionis: two companies hlall, two
liabershamn, one Jacksoni, cite Gwinneti,
one DeKalb, one Camrpbell, oneo Carroll,
one Coweta, otte Fayette, two Ileurv, tine
Newton, nte Waltotn, one Clark, one 'Madi
seot, two Franklin, tine Elbuert.
These trtoops are to be raised as volun
teers, or by draught, and will rendezvous at
New Echiota as speetdily as practicable.
Reqtiisitioiis have hecht mtado likewise
tupon North Carol ina, Tennessee and Ala
hamta, wvhich, with the Georgians and the
Umited States troops tnow in the conntry,
and those ordered from Florida. will een
stitute a force so formidable andt itmposinig,
that wve hope, most sanguinely, that all dis
ptasitionts to hostilities ont the liart of the
Cherokees, will be quielled, withouit resort
to violenice, or theo ell'usion o~f blood.
Misssissippi Itanks--T he New Orheans
pape~rs hldltly charge the Mississippgi baniks
with tdeprecitatinig their own paper ini that
city, and butymng it up at the heaviest dis
enuntt. The Picayune says that the charge
s trite becyondh all mistake, and that the
conduict tof thies shavers deserves till execra
iotn wvhich can he mueted out to thema.
A New Territory.--The Territory of Wis
yonisin hats bieeni dividetd by law of Contgress,
and0 all that part lying wvest of the Mississip
Pi, tufter the thtrsd day o)f o~f July ntext, is to
ontst itte a separate terrorial government
uiailar to that of other erritores.
From the Journa of the Amer. Tem. Union.
IEETING OF THE CONGRFSSIONAL
TEMPERANCE SOCIETY. g
This important Society,-composed or se
veral members of the government, and of
Lhe Congress of the United States. held a S
public meeting In the Hall of the House of
epresentatives at Washington. on tle 27th i
ult.; the day * simultaneous Temperance iI
meetings throughout the country and the it
The Hall was well filled with a select
andience of gentlemen and ladies. Amnong I
them were noticed the ion. Mr. Adams,
Ex-President of the United States; lion. C
Judge White of Tenn., and many Senators i'
and Representatives in Congress. the Cler c
gy ald Medical Faculty of Washington, I
and other valuable citizens. t
The lion. Felix Grinly, Senator of the r
United States, front Tennessee, and Pre.i- a
dent of the Society, took the Chair. The 'l
meeting was opened with prayer, by the '
Rev. Mr. Reese, Chaplain of the Senate.
Mr. Grundy offiered a few remarks, explan- C
atory of the object of tie ineeting; after !
which, in lien of a report, the Correspond- It
ing Secretary of the Amnerican Temperatnce 1)
Union gave a brief view of the present state
of the Temperance cause. both in this arld e
foreign cot.tntries, and offered the followin. N
resolution: " C
Resolved. That the great success which
ha rewarded the Inbours of Temperance
Societies, should encourage them tm contin
uc their elorts until the triumph shall be d
completet and that % hilst engaged in, pmsl- Fl
ing firward the reformation, which it is e
their putrpose to consimmate, they should
carefully avoid every thing of a party po- h
litieal or seetartan charaeter, and dirict all 1
their energies to save their fellow beings il
and their <ountry fron the curse of intem- i
Thie resolution was seeonded by the llon. ti
Mr. IHall, mnember of Congress *from Ver- t
maont, and unanimously adopted. a
The ion. Mr. Reed, nmcnher of Con- 'l
gress front Massachusetts, ofilered the fibi
lowing resolution: lb
Rlesolved, That senmen, whether in the C
merchant service or in the navy, fron their h
exposed situation, ans well as from the tre- C
mentdous responsibility of their trust, re- s
quire tie peculiar symnpathy and protetii m
of their fielow tmen to preserve thenta from
time evil of intempernw-e
Mr. Reed sustained the resolmtion b-y a I
speech of some length; after which it was s
secomded, w ith a few retnarks. liv Edward r
C. Delavanm, Esq. of New York, and unan
iimol y achaptpgh
rhe [Ion. Joseph C. Noyes, imember of
Congress from Maine, ofl'red the following
Resolved, Thiat the reformation of the
grossly intemperate was, fir too long a pe
riod, looked upon as hopeless. The signial
success which nhas attended the efforts of the
friends of tie clause of Temiperance in this
particular, wherever they have beenm fully
and faithfully exerted, all'ords the stroigest
argunments for renewed perseverance in, so a
desirable an object.
The resolution wasseconded by tie lion.
Mr. Morris, member of Congress front
Ohio, and unanimously adopted. 1
The Hon. Mr. Randolph, mem.,er of I
Congress front New Jersey, offered tie fol
both Ilouses oTCoiii c
are entitled to time thantks of this society,
and of tie whole country, for their pmmpt '1
adoptiotn of a joint standinmg rule, excltudi.. a
ardent spirits froim tie restaurateurs of the
Capitol, and the public grouids adj:acont
M1r. R. sipported his resoluioh in an an
when time resoutionm was secomnded by lDr.
Ilarvey Laimdley, of Washitngton, and unam
VTe limn. Mr. Briges, membmher of Con
gress front M. issnehnmserts, anmd Cim an~i~ ofa
time Executive Commmittee, ofi'red the fol
Resolred, Thmat, while we rejoice at the t
signal victories, w hich, umtnder Prmovidetnce.
haive been achieved by time friendls omf Tent
pmerantce mt our counmtry, we hail with sat is-e
fteom its tmroduction and triummphs itt othm
er lands, anmd wouldiecheerour own brethrenI
who hmave thmere emmbraced tihe samte benme
Alien a few reimairks froam Mr. Briges,the l
resoluttiom was seconmded hv thte I limn. .1lameses
Silk linekinghlam, late metmher of th itBriit- i
Mr. Biuckinghmanm, for whmom most ofthie
eveninig lhad heen intentiontally reserveid, nad- t
idressed thte atudietnce for abmotut aim imour antd ia
a htal ; andii, thouitgh latbotuing mmtnder a se- t
vetre cold andii speaiking with dilietnty to
hmmmself, lie wams isteneid to witht thme great -
est idelight ainid attenmti.
Thme meeting wvas idismtissedl by thme Rev.
Mr.. Saicer, Chtaplaitn of time House of Re- e
At hamlf Imast tenm, time next tmorninmg. thme
souety tnet it time roott of thme Judiciali Comtt- ci
mittee, andii electied theo follow-ing iiiileen.
for thte year entsui"mg
Ilonm. Felix Grundmy, United St ates Senm
ator fromt Tiennmessee.
Ilonm W'illiam C. Rives, United States s
Sentato~r from Virgimia,
lion. Jmems M. Wuayne, Judge of thme
Supreme Court, U. S. '
hion. Samuel Premitis, 1U. States Senator
Hlon. Franmklinm Pierce, .Iember of Cont
gress fromt New llamplhmii.
1an. Johnm Reed, ?Member of Conigress bi
from MIassachuiset ts.
lion. Elisa Whlittlesey, Metnber of Con.g
gross frotm Ohio.
Honm. Samuiel Southard, Uttited States e
Senmator from New Jersey. c
Hlon. T ileniry, Mlembher of Cotngress a
Hlon. Ar. Loottis, Memaber of Congress
from New York.
Hlin- Edtmundti Dehmery, Moember of Con-v
gross ft oam Northm Catrolina.e
lion. Geaorge N. liriggs, Metmbler of Con- si
gress from M assacumsetts.
Ilimit. iletnionitn Swill. Utnited States Sc- di
nammor from Vermnt-mt
lion. Georye (Irennmel, Metmber of Con- sa
gress hom Masachulmsetts. c
Iln. David Potts, Member of C'ongress sm
fronm Penntsyl vanmia.14
Ilon. William Slaide, Menmber of Comm- b
gress frotm V ermonmt. a
J. S. Mehan. Librarinan onCnmrom.
lion. Joseph C. Noyes, Alember of Con
'Cs from Maine.
lion. Lewis II. Machin, chief clerk to
enate of tihe U. S.
Onl motion, Resolved, That the thanks of
le society be given to the lion. Mr. Buck
gham for his able, eloquent, and inmtemest
ig address, delivered before the society on
me evening of tihe 27th.
Rtesotred, That all tihe proceedings of the
eeting he published in pamphlet f1ornm.
Resolred, That in future, the Excentive
ommittee make an annual report, nud that
r their aid, tihe secretaries of all State so
eties, anmd of* the Americau Temperance
mion. be requested to forward to tihe chair
man of tihe cotmsittee, by the first of' Feb
mry, annually, all such important fliets
nid statemnents relative to time ndvance of
me Temperance cause, as may be in their
The very respectble gentlemen who
impose the imeeting, seemed fully resolved
: sustain the association, and give it a more
ifuential character than it has hitherto
ossessed. It is hoped that secretaries of
late societies will without further motice,
)mply with their request. lion. George
. llriggs is Chairman of tie Executiv,
Ioanct nm.-Some two months since,
r. Thomas It ivers (if Mil's Point, we mi
eriiand, had a personal dilfliculty with a
mani by tle namne of Ferguson, 'lrmierly
mnectedi with time omllce of time Frankfort
rgus. The dilliculty, it was supposed,
md been imicablly wiliisteas; oi Friday eve
ing last, however, while Rivers was walk
ia tie street, with a little daughter by time
miul. Ferguson shot him through the heart
ith a rifle, fired from a rest, in a iotse oi
mc street side. Ferguson was iinnediately
mken into custody; but John Rivers. Esq ,
brother of the deceased, who lived some
ules below, reacbed town during time night,
nd time next morning about eight o'clock,
roke in:o the room where Ferguson was
omlimned, who immediately escalied by
11rsting throigh a window. Jones follo'w
I himn. and at time distance of eighty yards
Pot him through time back, aid coming up,
espatched him by atnother shot. Such are
me particulars we have received of this tra
ical :drair, firom a gentleman of unques
onemt'd respectability, who left tie Peint
nee tie occurrence transpired.---Kash
From the Ncm York Ece. 11erahl, April 22.
MPoRTANT FROM ENGLAND
SIX DAYS LATEI--GIEAT IE
\CTION IN THE BULLION MAIL
Early this morning we received our let
ers and papers from Liverpool by tite pack
tship George Washingtn, Capt. Hold
edge, to whom we beg to express our warm
ekuowledgements for his civility in for
varditng thema to us, und also fur commer
al intelligence, and the latest Liverpool
aper. The Geo. Washington left that
ourt on time 2Gth ult. and brings Liverpool
ates of that day, and tie London Sunday
aper of thie 2.5mh.
'n onstuneta asem
he intelligence by this arrival to mill parts
f tihe country by the express mal of this
The commercial mlews is interesting; it
pears that cotton bas.fallen a trifle in Li
The specie continues to arrive in great
hunidantce. Abmout #I1,000J,000 at least, by
his packet, as fiilows:
18 boxes spiecie, Primem, Ward & King, 2
o. Grimnnel, .inturnm & Co.; I do. Iieck
her, Coste~r & Matdfieid; 1 do. Caimtmannm
mmd ~U luehoumse; I do. liaruwaall & Co.; I
o. order, iin all d'104,000 sterlimn-.
Mr. King is also a passenmger~. Tme re
etioni im iglamnd towards time U. Stattes is
reater~ thman ever knmown. It is believed
mhtt time trade, govermtmenmt, amnd inistituitonts
1. ltmglai.d deipend onm time comamrce wvith
me United Suites. Om:r extracts on these
oimts are highmiy imteresting.
Thme Anglo-Amterican hIousessNot withi
tanditi time stagnmationi of alitmost every
ud of btusness which imas existed itt the (I
tales, the dlebtsq of time suspimede Aiimericant
rums ini Londtont hamve beemn worked off well;
ndl we believe we miay say thmat omne of'
se estabhlishm ents, whose ali~airs our m co
smpojirary regarded ats hle~lss a'nd forlorn,
ais reducted its liabilities to aibout ?1150;
> niothintg, inm fact, as compiared withm its
tisatimn mit time period time irm "'as Coimpiell
I to 3 icai1 th le pressure of thme timhes.
'lie Ammeiicatns hmave strained every nerve
in pamy oll' their debts. Th'ley have rt frmin
miii sacritied er cry I hmtng to tihe omne gr'anmd
oimt. thamt of tmaun:aiimug thiir credilt. 1mm
iscuising ihmese~ tmatters it shoiuldl never be
inrgmt tenm how cotmpuiltely time tw'.o conmries
re nmow idetitfed inm itntere*st, andmi it is as
mmch for thle betnefit of English t radce tht
ssjstancmme shull lbe remnderedh to time imer-.
hmats of Newv York, ais to time merchanmts
f L~ondonm, Liverpool, or~ Leeds. it is a
tyinig itn Lanmcashire that New Yonrk is Li
erpooli, and Liverpool is Newv York.
E'.rpotationm of GoldI to thme U. States.
Ve are truly glad to fimmd that the Banmk of
imgland hias, at length, determminmed to tmake
ship~mentt of gold to time UJ. S. This wiill
tonmy lie time maans of givinig life amid
Lnmation im time United States, biut w~ll
ad to extensive orders for otur variomus
canufactures. it is evidently time harbrin-,
er of mmotre chmeerful timies. Tme batnk in
m1ds to sendl 4,000t,00t0; Messrs. Roths-.
uild, ?25),000; amid various oithier firtmis
lI'erenmt aimouts, umaking itt tihe aggregaute,
he whtole, wve believe, is conusignmed to
[essrs. Pmrimie, Ward & Kitng; but a pourmionm
it, repourt says, is onl accounit of tihe Go
ermnmenmt, to ameet bills from Camnadam. Tme
ct producedl by this (opieration ini thme U.
tlaes will be qutite astonishing. Theim re
ttmption of ensh patymenmts has beenm the
-eat contsidertion for a long tiime, btut time
ilictulty of insurinig periamency to som vital
:neasutre, hmas delayedci it. About 200,0t00
vereignms were sipped otn board tim pack
shmips Cinlmbums mand Sheoridatn, which
iled for New York omn Sundiay wecek. A
mit s100,t000 itre alism, it is saidi, shippted (mi
iarud time packet ship Gecorge Wa~tshtington,
buin is expected to sai! to-day, for time
mte port. Mr. Kitng, whlo hins beeun in
rectors of the Bank of England, goes as a
asseuger on board the George Washiug
From the Toronto Colonist, A ril 12.
EaX.CUTION oF iF.sSRS. LOUNT AND
MATuswa.-This morning, at 8 o'clock, the
last sentence of the law was put in execu
tion against Samucl Lount and Peter Mat
thews, for high treason. They walked with
a firm step to the scaffold, and after an im
pressive prayer b) the Rev. Mr. Richardson,
they were launched into etornity. An im
ience concourse of peole were present,
by whom the greatest o er was observed.
The square in rear of the jail, in which the
seafrold was erected, was surrounded by
the volunteer corps of provitcial militia,
now stationed in Toronto.
Corre.pondence of lte Alany Frening Journal.
BUFFALO JOURNAL OFFICE,
Saturday. 6 Pl. M.
Dear Sir-I have before the mail closes,
an opportui y to convey to you the latest
news from Ioronto. The cars have just
arrived from the Falls, and from Jacob Sei
bold 1 learn that he saw the execution of
Lount and Mathews, at that place, on the
morning of the 12th inst., at 8o'clock.
Petitions had been sent to Gov. Arthur
for mercy, or even an extension, signed by
some three thousand citizens of Toronto
and its vicinity; the Executive Council had
been called together, but naught availed to
stay the execution. The bodies notwith
standing the earnest application of their
wives atid friends, were delivered up for
4 need not tell you that it has created a
new a strong excitement.
Seihold states that four-Theller, Mont
gomery, Anderson, and - , are to be ex
ectted on the 30th; and seven at Hamilton
on the 24th.
The British Colonist declares that it has
good authority f1or saying that Sutherland
has made no disclosures whatever.
PENSACOLA. A pril 14.
Important from Mevico.-The Ui. States
ship Natchez arrived here on Monday trar
ning last from Vera Cruz. The Natchez
arrived at Vera Cruz the same day on
which the Vandalia sailed. The French
squadron consisting of one frigate and five
brigs of war, were then lying at Sacrificio.
Four of the brigs sailed two or three days
after. The French minister was on board
the frigate, corresponding wit h the 'Su
preie Government,' and had given the
Mexicans until the 15th of present month to
decide upon and pay the indemnity demand
ed by the Freneli, which has now been re
duced by them to about 1800,000. This
sum, it was supposed the Mexican Govern
mnent would pay, but it was rumored and
generally believed that the govornment
would at once pass a law, banishing all
French subjects froi the republic. In this
way, by means of confiscations, &c. it was
supposed the sum required would be raised.
From the N. Y. Com. Adrertiscr.
LATE FRO3M IIALIFAx.--We have received
frot Mr. Keefler, our attentive correspon
dent at Halifax, papers of tilat place to the
5th inst.' The frigate Pique sailed for St.
John on the 11th, with the remainder of the
11. 51. shVifI ercilcg 28 Wag f~prnCorkV
with four hundred troops, being detach
'aents of the 15th, 34th, 6th and 85th re
The iblowing interesting letter we copy
froi the Halifax papers of April 3.
From the Ialifax Norascotian.
NOBLE CONDUCT 1OF AN AMERIICAN '
11er Majesty's Ship llercules,
llalifax liarbor. March 28, 1838.
Mr. hlowe, Sir-Mtay I beg te favourof
yourl giving isertion to the followitg state
On otir passage f.'om England to this
port, when in Iatittude 42 N. and longitude
42 WV. we observed a sail haul tup for uts,
apparently with the desire of speaking tis
ship. 1 immediately closed with her, and
fthund it to he the American, ship "Comn
umerce," of and from Charleston, bound to
Liverpool, commnanided by Capt. Perry,
and that his object in communicating wvith
us, 'was, to beg that we would receive on
heard part of the crew of the Elizabeth
Caroline, of St. Stephen's, New Bruns
wick, which vessel lie had met dismnasted
anid waterlogged, Ja latitude 39 N. and.
lotngitude 45 WV. and hail taken all the crew
ofl the wreck six (lays previously.
Trhese unforttunate persons had beetn 23
days (in the f'orecastle of the vessel lashed
to the windlass, exposed to every sea, with
barely snflicient food to sutstaini life, atnd all
the water they hatd remaining was but twvo
gaillotns, wvhen the Commerce full in with
My motive in detailing to you these par
tieunia, is principally to express miy ad mi
ration. andl that of aell those under mny comn
mnamil, at the generous andi humane conduct
of Captain Perry, as it has' been mnado
kntownm to us by the men belonging to tho
It a plears itat the Commerce fell in wvith
this w'reck by the merest chance, at about
half past nine at night. on the 4th March;
tandl thiat on hearing the cries of the crew,
the "Comtmerce" instantly shortened sail,
wore ro)und, and wvent close alongside of
the waterlogged vessel-Capt. Perry hail
ing thenm in these cheering words, as the
men have themselves represented: "Keep
tip your hi'arts, boys, there is too tmuchi sea
to board yotu now, butt I will never leave
yott till I take yotu oil';" anti thro' the night
le twiee or thrice passed round them, re
peating those consoling 'words, and offering
to veer to them water and pirovisionis if they
wvere in immecdiatte want of either.
These generotus assurances this bravo
sailor rigidly fulfilled, and after piersevering
ly keeping close to the vessel for two nights
aend a day, blowing very huard all the time,
he at hetngth succeeded in getting the people
aell otut oif her into tihe Commerce, whe're ho
clothed them, and treated thmeim with a kind- -
ness whbich, as they grateftully say, they
never can forget, or 'will ease to acknow
I have the honotir tue be, sir, your v'ery obe
Captin 1I. M'. S. Ilercuiles.
Shtort Passage --The ship Richa~rd An
derson, frotm Iiumpiihton Reais, arnivedl at
ive rlpool &hl M arch, int thie short- passage of