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M. LABORDE, Editor. "We wt to the pillars of th temple of our liberte ,
and if it must fall we will porih amidst the ruins."
VOLI B E 3- EDGEFUIELD C. ( . .) ay 10g.
The Edwftehi Adve tinr. I Ie~w rum'.u-'- I.
EVERY THURSDAY MORNING.
TERMS.-Three Dollars per annum if paid
in advance,-Three Dollars and Fifty Cents if
paid before the expiration of Six Months from
the date of Subscr'ption.-and Four Dollars if
not pad within Six Months. Subscribers outdf
the State are required to pay in advance.
No subscription received for less than one year,
and no paper discontinued uatil all arrearages
are paid, except at the option of tie Editor.
All subscriptions will be continued unless oth.
erwise ordered, at the end of the year.
Any person procuring five :Subscribers and
becoming responsible for the sanine. sliall receive
the sixth copy gratis.
ADVZRTISEMZTS conspicuously inserted at
02 centsper equare, for the first insertion, and
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not having the number of insertions marked on
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All Advertisements intended for publication in
this paper, must be deposited in the Ofice by
All communications addressed to the Editor.
(POST PAID) will be promptly and strictly attend
CLOCKs, WATCHES AND
JE WELLER V.
No. 242 BROAD STREET, AUGUSTA, GEO. 4
(Near the United States Hotel)
T HE Subscgiher offers to the Citizens of
Edgefield District and its vicinity a Rich
and Fashionable assortment of
WATOHES, jw-ZMy, &e
of the latest Style and Importation, consisting
in art of the following Articles:
Gold Independent Second Watches, with
fiom 17 to 25 Jewels,
Gold and Silver Levers, Plain & full Jewelled,
London Duplex and Anchor Escapement
Gold and Silver Lep ine and Vertical Watches, A
Ladies' rich Gold NeCk Chains, new pattern,
Gentlemen's Gold Guard and Fob Chains, a
Keys, Seals, Finger-Rings, Breast-Pins, Ear- ti
tacles, ac. &c.
Imautle cleeke, Flowes Vases and musleal
A General Assortment of
SUcR AS P
SILVER TABLE AND TEA SPOONS, g
SUGAR ToNGS, Sour LADLES, CASTOR AND CARE 1
BASKETS, CANDLESTICKS, SALT SPooNs, &c. 11
SUPERIOR CUTLER I a
A fine assortment of RoGERs', E.LIoTT's and s
WADE& BtrrcuTa's RAZORS PENKNIVES
AND SCISSORS; also a ood assortment of
BOWIE KNIVES and DI KS.
JOHN B. MURPHY.
N. B. Crocxs and WATcHES carefully re
paired, and Warranted to perform weli.
Augusta, Ga. March 28, 1838 tf 9
BLOCK TIN AND JAPAN
Woff R E. t
T HE Suscriber has on hand av large
supply of ready made TJNe A RE
of all descriptions, which he offlers at whole- .
sale or retail, at as low prices as can he af
forded in this part of the country. He has
also a large supply of the newest fashion of
JAPAN WVA RE,together wvith English and
Block Tin Ware of excellent qtuality. Also I
Copper and Sheet Irotu Ware-Sheeting
and Brazing Copper,-lock tin, Stovea
Spolter, and Tin Plate-all of which he of
fers for sale low for cash, at No 168 Broad t
streer, Augusta.- B. F. CH EW.
The subscriber being truly thankful for
the very liberal patronage heretofore be
stowed upon him by his friends and tho pub
lie generally, respectfully solicits a contin
uance of their favors-and offers bis sorvi- I
ces in either of the following branches of I
his bnsiness-Copper Tin, Sheet Iron, and
Rooofing B. F. C.
Augusta, Ga., M~larch 5 if5
DRUT68, OILS, di'.
T lIE Subscribers respectfully invite thme at
.tention of Merchants, Planters. Physicians
and others to their lar Stock of
-- TR3BR MEDIOINES,
Olse of all kinds, Paints, Dye Stuffs,
Windoto Glass, Brushes, jc.- kc.
AT TuEIn STOREs IN
HAMBURG AND AUGUSTA.
Their supply is heav, their assortment goodl,
andl their articles frs.
Dealing entirely with thme Manufacturers or
original Impiorters, they can sell their goods
- as low as any house in the Southern Country.
Please call and examine.
-Our Store ini Hamburg is next to I. L. Jzr
jr5n & CQ's. In Augusta, opst oBa~/
or STOvALLt's Wnrc Homsee.
KITCHEN & RODERTSON.
WLtAn K. K:Tcurie,
. M.U4RNFg'CS, M. D.
G O ODAP .
T IIE Subscribens beg leave to inforn their
friends and the public genernlly, that they
ire now receiving their SPRING AND SUM
MER Stock of GOODS, consistinig of
Black and blue black Italian Lustring Silks,
Colored Gro de nap do
Black Sinciew do
Super. Black Bomnbazincs,
k good sassortment Ladies fancy I lankerchiefs,
do do do do do Belt Ribbons,
Ladies black and white Silk and Cotton Gloves,
do black and colored Kid do
do blk, white & color'd Cotton & Silk Hose,
do green, white and black Ganuze Veils,
Plain, Jackonet, Mull. Swiss, & Book Muslins,
Figured and Checked do
Muslin Worked Collars,
Plain Bobinet Footing and Edgings,
A good assortnent of Prints, Ginghans and
Printed Jackonet do
Plaid Swiss do
Printed French Cambrics,
An assiortment or Ladies Bonnets,
Bonnet and Cap Hibbons,
Fine Satin stripe whie Muslins,
"I " embroidered do
i-4 and 6-4 Linen Sheetings.
Atso.for Gentlemen's Summer W1ear,
Black. blue and brownm Cannublet,
Mlaick and brown. twilled Sunnmer Cloths
Brown and white Drilling, and brown Linens,
% few pieces Georrin Nankeens.
Wiite & color'd 'M arseilles &. Valeincia Vesting,
silk Pocket l1andkerchiefs, I
kLso, Black, blue and invisible Green Brond
entlemen's color'd. white and brown half Hose,
do plain and pleated Bombazine .<tocks,
do do do Satin do
do Linen Bosonis and Collars,
do black and colored Ilosk. Gloves,
-4 Irish Linens and Bleacned Shirtings.
L good supply of .1-4, 7-8 and 4-4 brown Shirt
ing and 5-4 Sheetings,
'laid and striped Domestics, and Bed Tickings,
large supply of Summnoner Hats,
sentlemen's Shoes and Fine Punnps,
,adies and Misses Shoes and fine Slippers, 1
School Books, Cap and Letter Paper. U
Also, a general assortment of
hardware, Saddlery. Crockery and Tin Ware,
Together with a snupply of
Vaucluse Osnaburgs and Cotton Yarns, t
and many other articles too tedous to enumernite.
They feel very thankfil for the liberal patron- a
ge hereofore received. nid hope by strict .itten.
on to businests to merit a conntinancnce of the
iMe. NICHOLSON & PI.SLEY. ti
A =1 P - 19911tfo V,~
Jew Spring and Suesnmner "
G O O D S.
IlE Subscribers respecitnully inform
rtheir custonmers and the publiek genner- li
lly,that they hnive just received a large sup- p
ly ofehoice English. French and Anerican i
nods embracing every variety of sonple and at
tucy goods, suited to nie Spring and Sunm e,
ier trade. Also a large supply of Groceries, c
,rockery, Saddles. fats, Shoes and Boots,. e
i of which they will sell on the most rea- (
anailne nerns. for cash, or on credit to n1
unetunl customers. 8
Those who wish to get good bargains will I
o well to give them a call. a
G. L. & r. PENN,& Co. a
Edgelield, March 14, 1838 tf 6 1
New Spring and Munner n
7F. have just received a beantifuel assort- r
ment of GOODS Ior Gentlennen's Sum- n
c- r wants. Pantaloons anti Vests. which they are i
w pared tn hamve made Ip in the nst FA'8 H
L)NA BLLE STY LE, and on reasonable terns.
Jmst. a genneral tossortinent Ready Made C(.o-rn
G, zinuited to the : eason.
RI:IT R. -U10ES .INI) BOOTS. '
,200 Piirt-t 'nohes and Boots ebnh- nacing everv c
vie and variety have inst been rece-ived by the J.
nnhscribers, wfcich together with their 6hormer v
rock. make t gnenral and complete assortncent t
ldcmn facnnnd in ihe country.
Also. a hndnsoncmessorttent o FASII IONA
12A' H ATS. sunited to the seasin. To which
toy invite the attention of their custoners.
G. 1,. & E. PENN & Co.
-'dgefield, March 14. 148$ tf 6 t
;chooI and Msicellancousim
H Subscribers have on inand a eenm
eral assortmnent of School and Mise!
'ieous Bookst, annonngst wiih are Snmiihs
Lrithumetic, Smiith's Gengracphy and \thins.
ndl Smithn's Grammannr, wiich are hnighly
pprvend of and recconmmnennde. by the best
G. L. & E. PENN, & Co.
Edgefiel, March 14, 1838. tf 6
1 M I T II' S Grmmannr, Geography and
Atlas, ontine Productive Systemt. Also.
smith's Practical ande Mental Arithmnenic, :
v'ith a var-iety of other Scunoor, BooKs,
nay be. found at the Store of
-# C. A. DOWD. J
M arch 7, 1838 tf 5
L Lprotns inldebied to the Estate of
Mrs. Sarah Wise, dceaseu, , re
1uested to mnake immediote paymnent, and
hose having demands to p)rese'nt theam pro
EKreculor w'ith the WIill annexred.
Mlarch 7, 1838t5
T IIE Notes and A ccons of Dr. Jamne
Spana, decenedn, have been left with
6Ir. II. L. Jeffers, in Ihamburg. All per
nons indebted to Dr. Spannn are requnested
to cail and pay Mr. Jeffers, who is athiorized
to receive the money; andi those having
demands against the Estate will please ren
ler them to him. E. SPANN,
Match 20,.1839 tf 8 dMat'er.
Fnnn the New Orleans Picayune.
OUR TEXIAN NEIIGIlORS.
Their Colton-their Money-their Blooded
Stock- Racing at l lasco-Col. Whar
,on, 4iC. ic.
The rapidity n itlh whirh the delighlitol
country known ly hIe nanse of ''exs, is
leaving behined ail tihe vestiges of its inlan
cy, and rushing fierward to ovcpy its des
Inedi posiion as one amnmg flat' niationmis of
ihe earth, is ornly amstonishing. It is like a
liaari scene. Whenever we oipen Ollie of
heir newspapers, we tare hewiildered at tin.
ticimg fie intelligence they give of the an
ward march of inmproveme nts.
The exportation of Cottmn is beginniin,
ro assusme' a very ilipoctaa aspect. '
rop hs year nmonnvedi lo 30,oo hal.
iId snch preparatioas tre in progr --;s for
nativasing ilte soil next se'aasmon, that tile in.
,rease will he still greater. At preset? tie
mnerchants o' ousr city enjaoy the adv"lanat
>f being lhe factors liar Ilhe planlfer. itn TeX
is; and, with proper exeriis, they may
montinue in bhe. It wonld he well for'thesim.
'owever, to be casefil, lest tihe trade ise di
vered frI)nII this point. At pore-m. o ir
l'exian neiglhors are imakini virormhs land
>raiseworehy exert-oni to exiorm their col
ma direct to I-'urolpe. The ship Star, of'
.w York, is expected to enmter she trade
ome time next wintter. She is to change
ier flag to that of'Textas, and carr% a carro
lireet fo Liverpool firoi Vela-ce- a steane
'otion prelis b. ima- now% atily, inl promets
if ertelon it tie lainer place, for the puer
muse of preparing th(- hales for Ahiptistat.
W hether ahi lie aeimoplishel or nos, if
ill certainly lie advanaatgmeonts to) the 'I'e
arns, as well as to ourselves. to prevent the
xportation of Texianstaples Crim being
hdrawn aihogether Ifr'nm ahe hanidm cifotur
aerchatits. Other packets will be ine'eded
,y III-- Star--amd w hly should not lines lie
stablished by the eapialists of New ()r
%Res, as well as those of Nen. York?
'['here have lcen great mi representa
ons in this couatry respecing tie- 'rexin
indIs. #hy it is, we 'annot tell: hat it as
truth that amany pin'its. which olnglt to
ave been better itiferoIled. have jeisvel in
Iet,-.# disparaging eflrtfm, h1% represemin.
me exam mneytiev t lie at an eniornous e1s
'331.Some of ouir city nperg4 qinte..it at
ntlv froi 35 to 40. which is les th,111a tile
a nereciation it alissisipi onv n irh uf--.
''he citizenl- of oeir neigbilmrine Ith
C pay consilerable attention te the im
rovemzaent of their blooded stock. Fine
orses are raised. and the szerts of a he turt
re to le etoye! tlaere ii lull vieir. lThe ra
e-s over tIe New Market Couarse, at Velas
, as we Soet by the Brazria paper. are to
nme ofT in the first w eek of Miay. The
inh comprises somme of the most eminment
ames of the .otmtry-nmoiag hom, n e
,e that of 1)r. Archer, as Presiden;t: the
lon. W. If. Whartion. Gen. Felix iluastin
uad Gei. T. J. Rusk, as Vice Presidents:
nd Col. Wn. Ilynn, as Secretary and
'reasurer. The purses to he riu fillr are
heral in their dimensions:. tie arramge
ents for the accommalation if visitirs will
e of tle mnost ample natuire that the new
ess of the country will anliard: atnd, from
ie level fc"ee of the couintrv. we presumie
mat time tac:t will lie highlv favorable toa the
port. The town is siuaied immediatelv
n.the seoaconst, at the eameith of the hIrazos
e Dioe, aned is at till aiimets a place af great
-sort from all partas of tme lieuli.. I il
nly from two to three days rinn from this
ity-so thatl we may expect to se crowdls
oing down faiilam the Colmaiia ;anid other
essels, to enjoy the pleasmre of' the trip,
igether wish fhe excitement ani interest
f attemuing the New .larket titaces in
Cot. Ihaerton's Residnrne -At 0m dis
mnee of six tuiles l'reAmom Voehl) tiSei, tin:olier
rack is aliumt to be establishme~ed liv Cm1e11nel
V. 5l. Whartoi, oi his lamt catisi. This
state ii of' the most pietmresine kitid.
'lae lmasiona 0eN ie onefl the mot lih'anm
full sitinations tat cotba '- ehosen, bing
aented jam tan islanad eif'ivceioaks-(islandes, ini
'extas, are cilumbs oft firest n oode in time
idst oif prairies)-thae greiundes are earnaa
aenated wvtit ac gr'eat varie'ty of shrnha camel
rees.. anid inm fronat is aL hake eat clear w~aer
ithm bluff hanmks, spireadihng over atiomi ft'
cem acres, in athe shapsle of! ai horse shoei.
L'he hoeuse is situated onmma teioutsidle eof time
hue, as thme point of' the iake ceiarespondeinmg
a time toe of the she, the garden bieinn im
nediaitely on thei edge ofl thme water. Ilere
hie Gcd. laos ana aspparatuas for wa'tmerinmg thme
arden fromtt time Iake--ande in the bedls,
hae're are ftve huandreed kindsh oft exotic platits
vhmich (Xii. W -bhas himse'lf imphort eed. ile
rond time lake, tande i-i the eantre of the
morse shoe, is time arhar-where every
rariety of frauit thaat is siuitabile to thme eli
sote, balooimms in athe richest pereihsioan. Th'iis
rehardl is re'achied hv umeians eat am biaa,
shichL is always kept nat time feoot of the gsa'
lem for athiat purplose. fan time watmers ofl thme
cake ather'e is a greait ahmi nntaee of' ih
whlichm c'iren ssatance. w e undiaer'ssmmd. is like
y to re'nder thme little Whacrtonms pretty conm
ridlerale rivals cif the grecat lzck \Valein.
lan view of' snehl indulastry, enmtera pr'ise, skill
mnd taste as tihe aboieve hasty sketchtes indi
'-ate of' the TIexian c'haracter, we see thme
>righatest parospRects for tht re'imbilic Shme
.till suooni atande baef'cre tihe matiios oaf time
'.arth, as a arue canda genuino hraniciof thme
treat Anmghe-American fmilv, iths ali time
vigot, iad piersevercance, ami thmrit winchb
:huracterize thiat race.
Beaunty is a flower whient spoken of ox
ernally, limt tihe beauctie~s of the mind ren.
for a deformed persoD ugreeable,
K1Co NITIoN or Tr.xia A I l n y.PXVDy.-.
air l'&OLAN..-T Ae conseguent defeat of
Anteratjon an4 loss to the United States oJ
the conmmerce of this young bist groting Re
publit --We have been fiavored with the
perusal of a letter frot London, dated thw
15th d-,y of Febrnary last which nfrordi
mnuel itiformatiot, ii regard to the stiveest
which head this article. We would pre
uise thut the writer of the letter had every
opporunity of correct information, and Ihnt
whatever he says is entitled to the anost
.O is stated that the most friendly disposi
tions were evinced by the British Govern
mcnt tiowards Texas. That the delay in
receOimsng has resulted mainly from the
ontbreakin- of the Canada revolutio-n.
Antiher cause assigned for the delay, was
lie expecta tion that Mexico wowd have in
vaded Texas doring the past winter--the
(oovernment believing that if ever an inva
siou wajs attemupted, it would he at that time
- The writer expresses every confidence of
a recogninio this spring, ir 'no invasion by
Alexico should take ptiec. It is reinarked
further. that tha. Radcleal or O'Connel larty
oppose the acknowledgment of Texian in
lipndendne on anti-slavery or abolition prin
!'iples. 'Phis we see that the fanatical pre
judices which induce the northern and east
ern moemblers of the Union to oppose the an
nextion ofrexas operate against the voiog
itejiublic every where-which should'speak
volumes to the Southern aned slavehokling
Stltei. It night be deumoustrated niih
logical certainty, that the annexation of
*le-xmas is to themi indispensable: and that
!)pon it depends the permanence of slavery
instiii ton-4 in the South; otherwise, the in
creasing numbers of Northern and Eastern
bigots, faatics, abolitionists, and psendo
phihianthropists, maay anl will inflict, in a
few years. opon the slaveholding States, the
sine injustice which simnilarmeasnures have
w rosught on Jaanien and oiher slaveholdin.
liritish possessions, vi7* abolished slavery
and isttblished the abominable apprentice
But here we may be % rong. They can
not emaneipate our slaves, hut they mny
cause ahe next greatest evil; their vexatiolen
iutertieddliug. and provocationsc, and ioso
nrp, imigha l'rce the Soith to a din4olution
t i Union. It is mloreover stated by the
sanc writer, that whether Texian Indepen.
deiokthu recognised or nol, conomercini rela
r' Igla I 1n' (exas, "All ft! 'iolsi feerm
pilicy of reeiproeity. This- alnme will ,'.
t~al e it lllow Wit. The plicy or tifets,
be-ing almwo.'I exclusively a pin in g country,
a lead to a low inriff, if not to an entire
syst n of lice trade.
Englaind will thet find it to her advan
tage to monolpolize the cotton ofthat repnh
lie exchangime her usanfaeltiares wigho'ut
paig 1ny duty u pon them. and Texas
will of course prefer receiving Enalish
nianinaetures direct fromt anglanl rather
than frot iis countrv, after they have
pjaid ani nvernige dueity of mnore than'20 per
ceit. Under these circumsntanzces, the ad
valnt:ie if remuainig independent, will force
ji'll upon Texas, 11er proposition to un
nex herself, will lie witihdraw-which will
cause to the United States the loss ,of the
iammeno nd valuale trade of Texas lior
ever-and leave the southern iimbers of
the confederney t) the mllerey of fanatical
disorganizers at the nuo-rli.
Cannot, will not the northern fanatics
themselves he brought to see the imiportance'
ol annexation? and will not the soti h lie
untiritng and uncolproinising in their effloris
tto prolote that object--.r wait till it he
limever too late? We appeal to them oil
,ie subject with all ilihe fervor of n couvic
liecn resulting Erm a belief of the indispen
sale necessity of :nnexation t) the pros
perily if not to the permaonence of our po
hatieal insis tiu'in. A plication has alseo bleen'
"tade, we learn from the me.leiter, to tile
F- rench court, throngh the representative at
London, where but littledonot is entersnitned
.I the in iaiitle acknowledgmelnt of Tex
inn independeuce by France.--Bulletin.
From a Uirerpoo papr
Til1E STr im SiIHi P 'it N .YW-O RK.
'I'he Columibuas 'etieaml shipi reached Liv er
poolel Onl tuttrday, hatv; tn steamlled roundie
tromt 'he river- TIhames dturinlg the wveek,
aiilt maty noew the seen in the rafalgar
l)oek.. Silo will priceced on het "ovage
early in A pril; litt this being an ex'peri
miental ' cyatge she will not ca:rry puientge-s.
She ts a beataiful steam ship, and is nenaily
littede upl withI nceommodael~tionls for aibii
twenity-fivee I in pa~sslners. She is. it w ill
ic recolleede, propelleda by~ Mir. Ho4w ard's
piatenat vapotur enlginaes. of nlhout 120 boe
power, iie and enn-erry firty datys fuel at the
samelt Imlpr'esin as it steami ve'seI oif the
cani carry twelve dlay' fuel. She will meiii
abonl~t i i mils peri houri. WVe have-c re'cei s eed
lie llowiang escription ot I le ma ;chine'ry
elf this vessel romn a correspaon ens: ''This
ste'atmer dliff'era fromn all others having lite
rally no boiler, she has steam generators ill
whiich water in small quantities sit made tol
droll tromt ani orifice on a heatced plate, wi hiichi
resis upon a straitumn of mercnry aboelut thlree
inchies iaind a half thick, which is heated tup
tol the tempelratutre of thiree or feor hundr'l'ced
degrees bly tmeans of a fire nuider'neathl.
Tlhe rest of the engine is similar to thei comn
mlon low piressure engines, ex'epta that thei
e'oo wvater cistern is kept cool byr the mennas
elf pipes oif colad salt wvater runmtug through
it. kt is originally filled with fresh water,
so that the evil of usinig salt water for con
densatieon is tavoied. The' futel burnt is
c'ekk and stoine coal, and tile vessel will carry
sultiCient for 50 dlay's conlsumlption. Th'e
v-e.'sel ste -miedl the whole eif the wvay from
.Londou1 and frequently attained a sneed of
I knots per hour. Such is the constructiol
or this vessel; and it must be acknowledged
that great advantages, even for shon voyages
are obtained by the tse of machinery occu
pyng so little room as this does. Inta told
h'jwever, that it is found extremely difficul
te ;.eep the joints of ithe vessel contaiiing
the imercury perfectly tight, nad that the
effeel has'been seriously to alli'ct the health,
of the metn enmloyed. It appearu to tne,
iowever, fhat some substitute for this vola
tile and dangeroius metal might he emyloyed,
say Newton's fusible metal, which mcelts at
~(0*, aud which is not at ail volatile."
(We see by an advertisement that the
Steamn Navigation Companies want vessels
to take coal to New-York. The Sirius is the
first 41eam ship lue here, and she is expected
Important Invention.-A New A.rle for
Rail Road cars lis been invented by a Ilr.
Childs. by which the friction of tho side or
flangs of the wheel and the strain oi the
axle at short turns, are almost entirely pre
We learn by the United Si nens Gazette,
that mhe iivention consists in a socket axle,
fastened tio the right hiand wheel and exten
ding to the nave of the other. The main
axle is fastened to tie left hand wheel, and
exends itrough the socket and the nave of
Ihe right hand wheel, but is fastened to tie
itier. This invention allows the wheel to
play on at eurve, %w ithout straining fie uxle;
anid even shoild the oxie he broken, the car
would not fall, as the socket would sustain
the axle. though eitirely parted.-N Y Star.
The Sirius.-The wharives are crowded
w ith anxious gazers for the Sirius steam
ship, hourly expected. We think the cal
entlaisons of' he-r speed are so'anewhat exag
gerated. Shte was to have sidled on the 2d
from Cork, and from all experience we
should say that under the most favorable
cirsenimsiances ite seam ship cannot make
clear nore thani eight nots per hour, which
im) a listaimce ofin fll three thousand twiles,
wold requiire 16 days to.cross the Atlantic,
and the expermient. at that time, would be
a very fine run, because it could always
e relied upon barring accidents of course.
Timi Amsty or Cia.IN.-A mn',nk of the
areek chnreh in Rus4a was sent some
ile agecIcly t mc nvi ini into
rt fil cajoleries oft Ie manidarins' wive.,ias
-.!raiied ai exae knowledge of all hal 1he
:cs senot to -ara. acid or which ie has ren
dered the ftulowing accou-nt: -The Chi
nese aritmy is divided into rour parts; the
first is a &rnard composedl of maniciomis and
Moinl Tartars nud Clhinese, ntintuninga to
315,200 mien; the'sceond is called the Ar
my of the Con querincm Bamer, aa compri
ses 2t.166;ttimt lManichtois and Mogul Tartars;
the Ihird is tie artiy of the Green Banner,
formed of tihinese alone, amointinmg to 66.
300; and the fourth is lie Army of Thilbet
and Tuirkistancm. isiomiering 28,000 nec.
rl'he total ammoinit, it will he seen, is 1,275,
-utJ men. Ths armies are subdivided in
to corps, divisions, regimments, hattallions
squadrons like those of Europe."-French
U. S. Nrnzy.-The Navy Recister states
that mite nimiimer of our national vessels is
filty-five, rated as fillows:--One (the Penn
sylvanmia) is rated at 120 guns, seven at 80,
four at 74, one at 54, fourteen at 44, two at
32, eleven at 20. three at 18, six at 10: time
remaiaimg seven ire inder 10 guns. Ther
are 50 captains in the Navy, .19 masters
cocinmmandant. 276 lieutenants, 49 surgeons,
24 passed aistant sur-eois, 33 assistant
4.5 pursets, 9 chaplains, l1 passed mid.
shipmen, 27 sailing maslers, 25 hoatswains,
2. carpenters, and 24 saili-makcers. The
lamime Crops com prises I coloiel, 1 licuten
ant colonel, 4 majors, 13 captains, 19 first
lieitenaimt., and 20 second do.
The Fnihon steam ship, is lint included
mi tie li,t. We hear coiflicting necouints
of her fitnems.s and unfitness for service; but
one thmmg is ceai-if she is not fit, stemam
ves.sels.*ic hec tmadle soc. With our stretch
of coast, ouir inilandc seas amnd mmightty rivers,
we should have S'team war ships-onme at
least- shccnklihe omn every laikc, andl every
ptrinicipal haurbori souhmli he provided with onie,
Tme Civil wmar icn Spain wvould anpear
to be growinmg less bcrutal. A hemier cat'aris
from .earicmgossmacof thec 9th snvs,--Trhe ex
chanmge ,cl' pirisoners tookl pulace yesterday.
At 10 a clhck ini time morning, time chief of
thme stalil', Cunaro, aicco~mpanied by nme of
thme ufitaers oif mhe natiaal eunards, carriedl
oil dureinig the alfair ofC the 6thm, arrived at
ithe " hite hiousme. Ccaanero requmired nm
ly manmm focr mani but they gave him imp 1211
Uirbisis mactre, ais a resturn ihcr time manner
icc w hi lie hi~ad tmemted our men who fell
inmta his hamnds. A smtnppamcus entertainm
metic .wmis givemn, andim afier 3 hors was past
cc saceini imtercourse, ime parties separated."
l1'hmere hcave munucestionabaly bceen somne sa
vage scences ennected oni the Spmanishm Penin
sua, amid the effect aof so long potracted
wacr is seena ini the enmarr~ssnment ofthce na
tionam~l resources. We doubt exceedinigly
howeover if it hams very emchi iisnpedled agri
cultucre-tham is ste tagricuilturo of the ices
samnts for food for theiracwni consumption...
'1'he country is never half' cultivated in
peacce or war.
We have heard less of starvatin m war
raddlen uncd spcarsely populmatedl Spin than
in Irelanda, anal even in Englcanda, andI thmis
caontry. Asto thehbloody battes, a majority
of thmem have been on the Spamnish revolu
taaonary systemis ofn this continment, where
twvo meni would join opposing pcarties with
thetr caroines in tbe dava and nt niah -
I Ui' to ihe satme house to sleep, fnd comn
pare notes, for the noxt day's battles. it is
notorious that "armies" have laid aown1 to
sleep at mid day in sight of each ollier-.
tbat soldiers of the two parties have ex
changed eigars andI cOipliments--andiI thbat
any breach of the siesfa or nap, on. cith1-1
side, was not anticipated, as it would lave
implied a breach of politeness. Suicl :itr.
ines furnish the materinls for the i.ewsni.
per accounts of bloody battles-thae said
papers chronicling awful slau-hter, when
nothing but fleashad been nassacred by ei
thier party.-N. Y. San
A great sensation has liecti erntert in
London. by a horrible circumistance th;:t lit.,
recently occurred. A yonni mai, ii;;ined
Alison, and a girl of 17, with whom lie co.
habited, agreed to lake poison. as they roti l
not find means of subsistence. They swaI
lowed landauum, of which the tirl (ied,
btt the yaung man survived. IIe ..
brought before one of the poliee ohiietrs.
where it was charged that lie and tile de
ceased havimg resolved to die togeihfer, hai
swallowed equal portions of l;amlamntlm t;ir
that purpose, but lie was inade sick bv iLe
poiso, which he voided, and thns estalpwdl
with life, while the deceased perished. I'be
olilcer stated that he had, on searchinr tll
prisoner, found otn hiit a lisper Co-tniniti
what h had written wi bin iel~astwo
. 1 was piroticed and read as iolrn R:
h, poverty, povmiy! what would it ndot
make any one do? Death is betterthan star
vation-ten tihes better than to finger. .-n a
paiiful and miserableexistence, anaol at last
to die of starvatiou, while those v ho e.ght
to relieve us are rolling in wealth. Is it to
lie wondered at tht we starving crentires
should prefer death to life on sur h tirms'
No! death is the better of the two-to lie
in each others' arms; to sleep to- denth.
Oh! God, thait knowest I rfid not kill her.
Oh! my dear Emma, would to God I haitd
gone with you! Oh! God, thou alone who
knowest the inmost secret of our hearts.
look down with mercy ulmn a poor penitcnt
sinner. Gran- t that ilea eyes of'mp tmcrse
cutors may be opened, .and that they nmnv
show mercy towards me, for thti alonte
knowest that I did not administer any poi.
son to my poor loving Emma. Oii, God
I loved her too well to ir.ire her. I :tvc
mercy upon me now, I liv . frienid
in the wiorld. Would that I h-; '_!it ill
t!!fd~~& s o-nendled." he wi;a o.
inprovrmnts.-lt is gratI3 t-i: to seec tie
great number of uev bhuildiins that are
Krowiug up in the Second 31unaiciluity.
In every direction we see workiieni emii
ploycd on the foundatini or walls of some
new edifice-many buiblings di,pla-iia
taste in their plan and finish in construction
have been completed within a fevw moithIts
past. The style of building in our rity has
evidently improved. Architects of talent
and education have come among us, nA any
one %%ill readily discover, by Comiparmig I lie
clumsy piles oh' the olden time %% ith the el
gant and fusty creations -of the last few
Aiming other improvements it is Stated
that a new Theatre will, beore the coining
winter spring up at the corner of Maigazino
and Delor streets. It is to bit built on a
scale of magnificence that will be in keep
ing with the great emporium of tconitiueit.
From these facts, and others of a similar
character that Iiight be (ioted, it wold
appear as if the hardness of the times could
not retard, however it might oppose, thae
itdefatigable enterprise of our citizens. If
so much is accomplished itile face of dif
ficulties, that many would account to he in
superable, what might not have beien the
glorious results, if the last year had bea
one of ordinary prosperity-unmarrel hv
catastrophes that have proved so banefal:
NEW-ORLEANS, April 1".
Latest From jAeico.-rwo Fren, bri-s
of wvar visited Matamoras on the .14 tilt. aind
sent a deputation op to the tOwn 1(o a5-ure
the F'renchi citizens of thme protection "f their
governmeint, &. that if the Mexican govern
menit should niotcomiply satisfactorilj,hs the~
2th lmat. with reqluisitionls ailready tinade,i lie
ports ohf the republic will lbe blockad~edl....
One thousand of thme Mexican troops uinder
Caualizo were about to leave thteplmace, deus
MYrsTrasous.-A young lady, danch~!ter
of P. S. V. llomot, of Erie. Pm... whienm
returnfing from a party on the Ceeingz iof
tihe th tilt. nccolmp~aniedh by a y'oung. g..n.
tiemnan, was assaultedh on the sidewalk~ h,.
Robert C. Bristol, commander oft lie steanii
boat .James Madison, assistedi by hfour o lher
individuals, and a after .struggle was hereed
away andl conveyed to the stemmnhout hyaiia
at the wharf. which vessel itnmmedimate I
pushed oftf into the Lake, and althonii
pursuted imtiediately byv the rev-ennte entter,
succeeded in making his escaipe. It is tho't
that Bristol has crossed the lake to Catnada.
T1he affair, from its extraordinary character,
has caused a great excitement.
.A~sErwcE OF MirND.--A tall man in Vi-.
gumia, having hed a conversation with tan
other person of inferior dimensions, made a
low bow to his cane which stood in "tne cor
nier, and seized hisi friend by tile scalp walk
ed olf with him.
Another. A drunkard being visited by a
temperance agent just as lie was abiouit tom
tatke down his morning's bitters. kicked the
deentert~ out of doors, and1( swa1smwedI the