Newspaper Page Text
From the ChMeiet Merry, April 30.
THE LATE FIRE.
The re broke out about 9 o'clock on
Friday evening, and was frat discovered
issuing from a small old frame building next
to the corher of Berresford and King streets,
occupied by colored persons as fruit store;
the buildings were wrapped in fnames, be
fore the alarm became general. Thnum
ber of stores, tdwellings, &c. destroyed In
Kiu street, were as follows: west side, from
within three doors of Clifford street to Lib
erty street 66; on the east side, from near
Hlorltbeck's alley to Shelton's, (late Myott's.)
Hotel, corner of Society street, which build
ing was fortunately suved, 46; total in King
street, 112. On Market street, south side
Archdale to Meeting street, 27. Total in
On Church street, west side, 10, exten
ding from Market street to one door from the
corner of Cumberland street.
On Meeting street, east side, from the
Market street icehouse to corner of Society
street, 21; west side, and one house beyond,
20. Total on Meeting street, 51.
On Society street, north side, from
Meeting street to East Bay, 27; south side,
irn King street to near East Bay, 40.
On Hazel street. south side, from King
atreet to Maiden lane, including Trinity
church, 14; north side from King street to
East Bay, including the Jewish Synagogue,
21. Total flazle street, 35.
On Pinckney st., 4.
On Amon-st., east side, from Laurens to
Pinckney sts , 27; west side, from Pinckney
to near George sts., 17-total 44.
Ot Wentworth st., north side, from King
st. to East Bay. except one dwelling, 42;
south side from King at. to East Bny. in
cluding the Methodist Protestant Church,,
On East Bay, west side, 6; east side, 18
On Berresford at,, both sides, 20.
On Swinton's Lane 20.
Total number of dwellings and stores
destroyed, including Norton's old Rice Mills,
Kerr's wharf, set on fire by Rakes falling on
a pile of light wood and burntto the ground,
560. The number of out buildings destroy
ed estimately at about 598-total number
of buildings destroyed, 1,156.
Death by blowing up, Fred. Schnierle,
John Peart, Col Steadman and Robert
Messrs. Brown and Tarley badly injured,
several negroes killed.
Such is the more arithmetic of this fright
ful calamity-who shall count the mental
sullbring. the loss of hope. of security, of
comfort? Upon the best estimates which
have been made to us, up to the latest hour,
wo set down the loss of property at over
$3,000,000. The whole amount covered
by insurance, is not far front $1,500,000.
Of this $75,000 falls upon the Georgia
offices, at Augusta, The New Hotel was
insured in this city for$60,00, and 610,000
in Augusta. It is believed now, that the
offices here will pay all, or very neraly all of
It is censhiflg and adimating;W-oe -
serve the spirit which prevails among our
citizens under the calamity which has be
fallen us. There is no despairing or des
pondent postration, but a resilient elasticity
which will not leave it to time to repair the
loss, but will in a few years (a very few
we trust.) place Charleston as a city far
in advance of her position before the blow
The public auithmorities arc acting with an
energy andl ardor worthy of their satiou
and will he ably seconded by their consti
tutents. Some of the noblest of the edifices
destroyed, will be forthwith replaced.
Amoug these are the New Hotel, in Meet
iug-st., and the fine buildings of Miller,
Ripley & Co. at the corner of King and
Society streets, and the general topic nowi
is not what has been lost, but what mtgst be
done to repair the loss, and wvorthily em
brace the occasion for improvements in
streets and buildings, atnd we look forward
wvith confidence to see the entire burnt dis-i
trict, extensive as itis, presenting speedily a i
fairer anid more substantial appearance thtan
ever. It is to be hoped that among the first
measures adopted will be some much more
eflicient, than those heretofore adopted have
proved, for the preventing and arrestiug a
fire. Every practicable encouragemnt and
prohibitioii should he resorted to that the f
new buildinigs should be few or none of themi
of wood ; there should he a now and siren- c
ger organization of the fire police-and m,
stationary suction engines should be provided h~
at proper goints along both our rivers to s
secure an taehmaustible supply of 'water to
the Hose Companies. The Ilast mentioned s
plain has been suggested to us by a gentleman t,
who promises to develope it more fully in a 2
commanication, for whIich we would ask
attention in advance.b
At the meeting called for to-day, let every ~
man in Charleston make it a point of duty it
to attend, and give his aid andI influence to e
the noble effort which is due to the character
ofttur city and State. Charleston will a
not fold lher arms and wveep over her ruins- | t
but bating not one jot of her hope, bear
tup and press right onward to the bright des
Miny that is yet before her. - *
From the Charle~gon Mercury, May 1.
PROCEEDINGS OF COUNCIL.
8U4 DaY, April 29.
Present, the Mayor, and Aldermen Cog
dell, Memminger, Horlbeek, Mills, Chap
man, Ripley, Schmidt, Capers, Mordecai, B
Mer. Memminger submitted the following
Preamble and Resolutions, which wore u
nanimouisly adopted: s
The City Council of Charleston, in corn- th
mon with their fellow-citizens, deeply do
plore the calamity which has laid in ruins er
the fairest portion of our City. Desolation. lhz
andl misery now present themselves, where M
but yesterday was tihe abode of prosperity tit
and enterprze-and the smoking hearths
andI deserted fire-sides of our citizens, stand pr
amid the ruins like monuments of the past foi
and brinig with them recollections well cal- re:
culated to unnerve and paralyze the firmest all
mind. Theme ie, however, to every well tia
ordered amnd christian people, a source of liv
comisolation which will ever guard them ca
against despair, and while they bow with ph
gfamimaion to the AmgbhruLniseno, of cl
veutils theywB rely with humble cona
dence on hym'prmisei.to raise up and pro
tect even m whom diichasteneth. Trust
ing, therefore, that under his guidance and
protection, we may find means to mitigate
the sufferings of our people, and to restore
to them at least the blessings of which
they have been deprived, it behooves us to
advance to the prosecution ofour duties with
vigor and alacrty.
1. Resolved, Terefore, That it becomes
us to hunble ourselves before the throne of
Aliighty God, and toimplore the fostering
care and protection of his wnerciful Provi
dence, in our efforts to resuscitate our City
and its broken fortunes; that with this view,
Thursday next, be appointed a day for pub
lic Fasting, Humiliation and Prayer; and
that the Reverend clergy be invited to as
semble their respective Congregations and
unite their mutual and earnest supplications
at the Throne of Divine Grace and Mercy.
for assistance and support.
2. Resolved, That the City Council,
fully confident that an appeal to the public
spiritand generosity of their own fellow
citizens of South Carolina can never he
made in vain, and feeling too, that the pros
perity of Charleston is inseparable from
that of the State, do hereby earnestly ap.
peal to the State at large for its aid and aus
sistance, and that the Mayor, in behalf of
the City, do make application to His Ux
cellency the Governor, to take such meas
ures as in hisjudgmeut are called for by the
3. Resolved, That under Divine Provi
deuce, the fortunes of every city depend
mainly upon the vigor and character of its
individual citizens-that it becomes not the
exalted position which our city has hitherto
maintained, to quail beiore adversity, that
our citizens are therefore adju red by all the
motives of patriotism and public virtte,
which have ever governed them, to unite
themselves in an earnest, common and viro
mous eflbrt to remove the traces of desola
tion which surround us, and to restore to us,
as speedily as possible, the position from
which we have been swept.
4. Resolved, That the measures of first
necessity are; those of present support to the
destituto and needy-that the Committee
appointed at the last meeting of Council, be
invested with full authority to take all such
measures as in theirjudgment may be deem
d necessary for this purpose, and that any
contributioms which may he mnde,be placed
t their disposal. Resolved, further, that a
Committee of Citizens he appointed by the
%1ayor in each Ward of the City, for the
purpose of making personal application, to
the citizens in their respetive Wards.
5, Resolved, That the City Council deem
it absolutely necessary to take immediate
measures for the security of the citizens.
Therefore, that they call upon their fellow
citizens, vigorously to unite in demolishing
the ruined walls and chimneys, and to make
such provision as will prevent the exposed
cellars and vaults from becoming the sources
,f disease during the ensuing Sunimer-that
the Mayor do therefore forth with organize
the proper measures for ellecting these pur
poses-and that every citizen be invited to
contribute his aid by scndinig his servants
and whatever other negroes he may have
under his control, to work under the direc
cure the safet' of the City.
6. Resolved, That with a view to con
centrate the energies or the city, to meet the
present emergency, all city improvement
be suspended so far as they can he wit hout
itjutry to the works; that the citizens he
3ncouraged to proceed forthwith'in raising
their habitations from the ashes, and that
he City Council do0 hereby pledge them
aelves as soon as thte measures of presett
;ecurity are effected, to use their best exer
ions to assist their fellow citizens, either by
sorrowmng money abroad, and lending on
nortgage to those desiring to re-build, or
y any other means which may prove more
7. Resolved, That the thanks of the City
tre hereby tendered to the various p~ublic
nstittiolns aud individuals who have ten
lered their buildings to the use of the city.
8. Resolved, That the City Council deep.
y deplore the ultimate fate of those of our
ellow-citizens whose lives have been lost
a the late calamity-that they particular
y lament the loss of our useful and public
pirited fellow-citizens, Col. Steedman and
Kr Frederick Schnierle: that the exertiotns
f these gentlemen to suppress the confla
ration, has excited ouar warmest gratitude,
nd their lives wvere sacrificed in the con
inued effort to avert danger and destruction
rom their fellow-citizens.
9. Resolved, further, that the City Coun
il, in behalf of the City, do bereby tender
> their respective families their deep and
eartt'elt sympathies itn the bereavement
rhich they have suffered.
A Communication was received from Dr I
aml. Henry Dickson, Deatn of the Facul- I
f' of the Medical College, of the State ofI
outh Carolina, offering to place the dis
osal of their College, if it catn in any way
enefit the sufferers by fire, and that orders
'ill he given to the Janitor to do every thing
his powver to accommodate those who re
Resolved, That the use of the College be
acepted, and that t he thanks of Council be
ndered to the Faculty.
On motion of Mr, Chapman,
Resolved, That persons having property
any kind belongmng to citizens-..-deposite I
e same in the Citadel that they may ob
in the same.
Adjourned on Monday 50o'clock.f
W1LLIAM ROACH, C
Clerk of Coucil. 1
y the H~on. Henry L. Pinckney, Mayor of
the City of Charleston, l
Whereas. In times of general calamity, it I
tcomes a christian to humble himself before Ii
c mighty hand of God.
And whereas the City Council, in consid- e
ation of the late desomnting conflagration, d
.s directed that Thtursday next, the 3d I
ay, be set apart as a day of general Fas- ~
ag, Htumiliatton, and Prayer. a
Now, therefore, I do hereby issume this b
aclatmation, setting apart T HURSDAY n ext, a
the solem npurposos a foresnid ; nud j c
upectfolly invite the reverend Clergy, of 1
denomInations, to convene their respec. "
e congregation., on that day, and to de- e
er discouses adapted to the mournftul oe
nion. I also request that on that day, all
tees of business or amusement may be h
tsed: and I anetm.,1. :....:.. and eti.a ,.
the chsisks generaliy to'consecrate the day
irn the manner recommended, to humble
themnselves befre the-Almighty Disposer of
Events, 3n-k owledging their unworthiness
as individuals, and as a community,implor
ing pardoit for the same, and that God may
graciously avert his anger,and take this city
hereafter under his blessing anel prmtection,
knowing as they do, that iamin is a city
guardedunlbss it be one whose keeptir is the
Given under my hand and seal of the
city, this 29th day of April, 1831, and in
the 62d year of American Independence.
By the Mayor.
H. L. PINCKNEY, Mayor.
WaLLItA RoAcu, Clerk of Council.
From the Charleston Meecury,
The city has sustained an Irreprable loss
in the death of Col. Steedman and Mr.
Schinerle They exhibited throughout the
distressing scene-the former as a volunteer
in generons philanthropy aol the latter in
the zealous discharge of his official duty-a
courage. discretion and promptitude worthy
of remembrance and gratitude. With Col.
Steedman we were persouallyacquainted,
and he was a man-eminent for amiable,
benevolent and noble qualities. The friends
and acquintances of Mr. Schinierle, speak
of him warmly in similar terms.
REMARKABLE EscAPM.-During the thu
der storm on Saturday night the lightning
struck the House of Mr. Levi, on E~ast Bay,
two doors below Market street. The lower
floor of the building is used as a Clothing
store. On the same floor there were in one
room twenty-one persons, the family and
their friends and relatives, who were burnt
out by the fire the night before, and had
just assembled for supper. They were all
struck down by the electric fluid, and all
escaped unhurt, as did also five otherindi
viduals who were in the house at the time.
This is truely wonderful to any person who
has examined the track of the fluid, ctossing
and re-crossing the rooms, from the gar
ret downwsrds, and tearing windows, fur
niture, and every thing in its course.
There was a heavy rain at the time,
which probably prevented fire, and a fire
in that part of the city would have ad
ded much to the calamities of the night
From the Charleston Aiercury.
The universal confusion that snust of
course rein after such a scene as the late
fire, has (tetated to us the prudence of mak
ing few particular statements unless where
there was no possibility of mistake. Our
own feelings exaggerate every thing, and
the expression of them adds to the despair
which it is a duty rather to alleviate.
Charleston is not ruined-the spirit of the
people is not broken-hope has not fled.
But we have suffered deeply, terribly. By
what means we can recover from the blow,
will be the subject of immediate considera
tion to the whole State. In the meantime
it becomes us to make the record of the
great features of this conflag ration for futute
1st. The city was not prepared with the
means of effectually blowing up buildings,
and to all spectators it was apparent ihat
penued so completely in 'the jawaofthe fire
that there was no time to clear away the
rtil)bish or bring in the aid of the etigines.
In numerous cascA of blasting which occur
cd under our eye,thc ruins were wrapped in
flames an instant after the explosion
2nd. The extent of hose was not sufficient
to command water from the rivers, an the
long continuance of dry weather rcndercd
the supplies within the city utterly inade
qutate to operate on the fire efluectually even
ini the outset. These two things were in.
tiamately connected. The wvant of water.
rendlered it more necessary that the blast
ing should have been at such a distance from
the fire as to give a chance to clear the
Ilave the City Council considered the
practicability of constrtucting pipes fromu the
rivers, into which thme water could b~e drawn
in such eases, and conducted through soe
of the principal streets. If we are not mis
takenm this is the manner in which N York
is provided, and it senms to possess great
advantages over hose extenuded through a
great distance and of course liable to a thou
iand accidents in the general confusion of
3rd, The City seems to have been great
ly negligent in the care of chimnies. We
tre nut certain that the fire originated in a
rhimnecy, though it is so said, and is highly
probable. Blut no one can forget the fierce.
ess with which the fire burned in thechaim
teys generally. Their height, the strong
:urrenmt that shoot-s through them, the length
f time which the cinders retain fire, all
nake themi the most dlangerous part of a
urtning house, and we wvould strongly im
>ress upon those who have still houses to
ose, the necessity of immediately and geni
trally attending to this matter. We are in
as much danger of a second fire, as we were
if the first, and perhaps still worse prepared
4th, The structture and materials of build.
ng in the City are matters of deep consid.
ration. At all the prinicipal pOints of the
ire, it was stayed by a brick wall. Dr.
'orcher's honse was saved, and through it,
urobably the whole region frotm Church
treet to the wharves, by his brick office
Jeeting street was saved by the new The
tre-Liberty street by a fire proof dwellin~g
hat alone intervened between onte of the
ercest scenes of the fire, and whole squares
f builditngs, mostly wood. that must have
een swept, hut for the stout resistance of
his house. Ittis true,t hat at all these points
hie most heroic exertions wore made by the
remnen and citizens-b~ut they would have
een vain wvithiout the aid of brick walls.
is equally to he retnarked that many
locks of brick builihgs were lost, by the
untity of woodenm out buildings. fences,
La. with which they were surrounded. Int.
eed the imminent dlanger to which Dr.'
orcher's house was exposed, and which
tade it almost miraculous that it escapedi,
rose principally from a little wooden sta
le built up agatmst his office, andi the pre
3rvation of Mr. Iley wardl's costly mansion,
reled its it wvas comapletely wtth flames,I
-ould have been ,physically itnpossible,
ithout the protection of the brick wvall that
icloses the grounds.f
Nv~w LoANs.--A loan of.a millioni ofdol
irs has been negotiated in New York fori
ennessee. and one of 860,000n r nsi.:
Public Meeling in Walterboro'.-Wo are
authorized to announce that there will be a
general necting or the citizen of Colleton
District at the court house in Walterboro',
on Monday next, for the grateful and gener
our purpose of offering their sympathy and
assistance to the sulf'erers by the late fire in
Charleston. We trust this example will be
generally followed throughout the State.
South Carolina will not long sull'r her em
porium to lie in ruins.-Charleston Alercu
ry, May 2.
A false impression prevails, and may do
harm by going abroad, that the Insurance
offices in our city will not be able to meet
their liabilities under the losses by the late
fire. We have the pleasure of stating on
wiat we believe good authority. that they
will be fully competent to pay every dollar
for which they are liable.-Ib.
"Bis dat qui cito dat"-Ilc gives doubly
who eives quickly.,,
The North Carolina left here on Smnday
afternoon, hearins the news of our calamity
to Wilmington, North Car.>lina. By lier
return - yesterday mnorniuu, the generous
citizens of tiat city transmitted eleven hutn
dred dollars for the relief of the suff'erers by
the fire. This is- ain net of unsolicited anal
prompt philanthropmhv. and ii will le recor
died upon the hearts of our citizens.
Female Benevolence.-"A lady of Edisto"
has presented the noble donamion of $600 to
the suf'erers by the lite fire. Woman is
doubly amiable and doubly beautiful in the
office of charity.
"When pain and anguish wring the brow,
"A ministering angel Iiot!"
The Mayor of Savamnah, vws directed
by a resolution of Council to isque his Pro
elamation, convemiig the citizens of Savan
nah, for a meeting on Wedneslay, (yester
ay) to devise such measures as will aITird
relief to the sullerers by the late fire in tbis
The A ugumsta Scntinel 8- Chronicle of yes
terday morning, says:
"We understand that the common Con
cil of Augusta, yesterday passed a resolution
appropriating Twco Thousand lollars for
tie relief of the sufferers by the late disas
trous fire in our sister city of Charleston.
Committees have been applointed in each
Ward to receive contributions from onr citi
At a meeting of tie owners of lantids in
the burnt district, alon- Kina-street, held
yesterday, at which Alex. Black. Esq pre
sided, all present acceded to a proposition.
tmade by Col. Metintiger, as Chairman of
Cominitce of Council, to relinquish so
much of their land, as night be necessary
to give that portion of King street a uniforn
width of 50 feet. The and-holders not
present will, doultless, also give their as
sent, as soun as the~y can be communicated
with. The spirit of our citizens is unbro
ken, and witi the seasonable aid of the Lee
islature, and a clue exertion of their own
energies, we may not otly kindle the torch
At this mmeetiug~, Mr. Hertz suggested time
propriety of seizing the occasion to extend
Pearl-street(the location of tie new stores,)
fromA~Ieeting-street to King-strees: and time
measure will probably be submitted toCoun
cil.-Char. Cour., May 2.
From the C'orrepotukr'er of the Chearieston Mer.
WVAsummso-roy, A pril 24.
ANNEXATION OiF TEXAS.
Tme Senate wvas delighmteal, intstructed,.
and deeply intcerested, to-tiay, lhv a mnost
nole anal eloquent ormsioni from Mir. Pres
too, imi support of~ his resaolution for the amn
nexation of Texas. lie has put tihe subject
ini a tnew anad very strotng lighta. Hie snme
cessfully maintained thme positiomn that TIex
as was. umnder 'lhe treaty of Lotuisiana, an
ittegral part of oumr Terstitoryt that it could
no be cotnstittutionally al iena~ted and-trans
ferred; amid that it was proper to re-annex
time Territory, wvithm the assemnt of Tiexais, anmd
wvithm the conmtretmce aif tihe several tdepart
mneints of time governmnt of mthe U. States.
The considerations of policy whmieb mrge
time Southi to efFect thme re acqmisition of'Tex
as lie placed in thme strongest point of view.v
Tme British litmister, theo Alexican Chmarg'e
and tho Texiam Minister, wecre all preenta.
A pril 2.
The Senate, to-ay, was chiefly oactupm
ed on private bills. The resolmtion fur time
atnnexmationm of Texas tom time Unmion was not
takeni up. as Mr. Walker, who was to speak
upon it, wals iindispiosead. i
lim the hlouse, tihe discussioni of time re-a
port of tihe duecl commaittee was reserved.
i'he tdebate was rathecr uninterestinig unmtil
Mr. Fletcher asked the chmairman of the
comnmittee some questions ini regard to time
extent to whiich the parties wvere allowedl
by time committee to defetid themselves
rrom the charges atsaitnst thema. Ouajecioons
wvere mamde to to time inqtuiry. 'The Spmemak
er said it was not inm order tao allude, sat lpre
meat, to anmy tinitg wvhicht took place in time
:omtmittee. Mr. Gramves here rose anda pirm
tested against time narrowitng aof time ranuge of c
he debmate wvhicih hmad heretofore beetn taken. C
lie wishmed, he said, tom spemak on time sublje'ct,!
mnd to be allowedl time sae atitmde wimich
ind been taken b.y otihers. A fler the debmate
mad been carried on for soimie timme, Mr.
LBooni demandedl time readinmg of time report, ~
mying thmat ime comuld tnomt vote ni time ques- r
omn wvithaout knmowing time conitentms of mime
Jocument. Stromng obljectiotis were amade', r
mni time $jmeaker decided thamt, undem tihe Si
ule, amny mme'nbmer had a right to call fair time ~
eadinig. It must be remenmeredl here, toat
his call was madie before, butt not itasismed h
mpon. Thmose who wished tihe report to be g
'cad, and whose position renideredl it proper
or thmetm to call for it, were afraid to make
lhe dlematad. Th'ie comnmittee hmd anot ask
ml the reading of tihe repmora, buntt its pmrintaing. t
limhe mnotiotn to prma was resisted; btut, as h
he reports have tnow becen read, thmey wvill a
e printedi as a p~art of tihe proceedinmgs of s
lie Housate. The report of Mr. (Iremmneli
ndl Mr. Rariden, was thmen real. Tihe sop-h
rate report by Mr. Elmonre was alhen read. P
Caeh of time repaints was listenmed to with -
rofound attentiotn by the Ilouse. Thmey
rere exceedingly well drawn, anal cannom a
mi to lie read wsith painful initerest by every si
Ltlerican. Mr. E'lmnore's repoara doaes lhim SI
redhit, in its feeling, adisriiimation, reasotn- 01
ig and concluisions- ta
Trhe Commnittne arm amuimos o....
point, and that is. that Mesers. Graves,Wise
and Jones have been guilty of a breach of
privilege of the House. Mr. Elnoro does
not think that expulsion should be resorted
to, unless it should b thought absolutely
necessary for the preservation of the digni
ty of the House. Mr Grenuell thinks that
Congress having tolerated duelling for rorty
years,cannot now make a retrospective rule
on the sibject. But the majority of the
Commnittee, onl the other hand, prosent facts
which exhibit this duel in its origin and con
sunalion, in a very dillerent character fron
any that has heretofore occurred, and which
the H ouse have passed over without notice.
The detail of facts, as given in the majority
report, more than justifies thie views which
fhe press ani public have taken of the im
proper conduct of the surviving principal
and his seconds; and these facts, derived
from legal testimony, stand uicontradicted.
All (he pretexts which have been availed of
by the implicated parties for their conduct
inl forcing Mr. Cilley into a fight, and pres
sing the combat to death, are entirely re
The idea that there waseven a construc
tive luestioi of veracity is shown to be er
roneous; the excuse that a rifle was profer
red in it taust ing manner upon Mr. Graves,
is proved not to be iounded in fact, as the
rifle was sent at Mr. Wise's request; the
circumstance, so much dwelt upon, that
Mr. Cilley shot a( MI. Graves, at the sec
ond fire. after 51r. Graves lost his fire is al
So explained ; all the witnesses stating that
Mr. Cilley fired within the words one, two
three, and could not have known that Mr.
Graves had lost his fire. and could-not have
withheld his own fire. It appears. too,that
Mr. Cilley was prepared from the begin
not" to an ignominious concession, anti that
this was demanded afer the second fire.
It is proved, also, that the calibre of Mr.
Grave's rifle was nearly twice as large as that
of Mr. Cilley- tie forimer being 8o to the
pound and tihe latter i52.. It was also prov
ed that if Mr. Graves had fallen it was Mr.
Cilley's fate to be assassintated. The whole
comutittee concur in the representation that
the ground of challenge was disetzwly that
Mr. Cilley refused to receive a note from
W%'ebb calling on him for words spoken in
debate, and refised -10so to acknowledge
Webb as a man of honor and a gentleman :
and, therefore, they deem the challenge a
bra ach of privilege, inasmuch as it was an
attempt, ol tlie part of a m1iemiber, to hold
another iteaiber aecountable to Webb for a
proper and tinexceptiouable reference to the
records of the hlouse.
Mr. Grennell,of lassachusetts, now takes
the groutid that Mr. Cilley could have re
lieved himself by claining his prielege.
But this was what Mr. Cilley told his friends
he would not do. lie said lie would sooner
place himsellf before it park if' Artillery and
ie blown to atoms, than be driven to avail
himiself of his privilege.
It appears from tie message of the Presi
dent on the sau.-et of our relations with
Mexico, that there ;s no immsediate or in
deed tiny retitote danger of a collision be
tween tihe United States and Mexico. A
direct proposition has been made by the
government of Mexico to refer to the arbi
trationl of some friendly nower the diferenca
-.- --. " .. count es. gfnf has been
necepted by our government.
The bill for the establishment of a Board
01 Claims to hear and exatiine claims a
gtainst the United States, which passed the
Senate yesterday, was to day read isn the
House and referred. The bill gives no
power to the board to decide finally upon
cltaimus; bait they are to reporttheir opimnsi
with the latess upont cach cases to Congress.
at the coinmaencesatent of eacht session. The
tact s to conasinue in force four years and no
loniger. . I'he hoaird are to hold1( their sessions
in this city, atnd to consi .t of three commnis
sitners tatnd a Secretary.
T1hze Senmate dad not sit to day.
Ini the House, .Mr. Robinisoni, elected as
a muember fromst Mtane, in the place of the
late Mr. IGille~y,applearedi and was qualified.
The consideratiuon of the report on the du
el was resumed in the Hlouseto-daty; the
ituestion still being on the motion ofshe cosm
miattee so print the report anid postpone its
eos siderattiona till Mondlay fortnight.
''te debatte was untinvited, but, on the
whole, wvehi temipered. Mr. Robertsonz, of
Virgisuia, sp~oke at length against this mao
:sun, cohmendmtg that the committee had ex
seedied its power, and insisstig upon the
nopraety of a recommsitmenzt of the report.
61r. Stanley folilod on the same side.
hir. l'oucey, Mr. Gramiand, and Mr. Boon,
epilied. Mr. Wmt. Cost Jouhnson gave neO
ice thiat, if the maotiona to prinit and postpone
bould prevail, lhe would call up the resolua
inss every maornting, atiil the House deci
ale upon it. He could ntie suff~er those re
olutions to gzo upon she jouirnaal. withomt get
img a dlecisive vote of the House upon ithema
he arguted that the f louse hsad not supposed,
whleun they plassed the resolusion for the in
'esigiationt, thiat the commaittee would sin
lersake to paissjudgmnent uipon the parties
who might he founid to be imtplicatedl in it.
Ir. Girantinand, on-te other hand, declared
hat every one who voted for the resoluttion,
sail who voted for the referenice to shat coi
nittee of the miemorials of t wenty thousand
sizents on size subject, (lid expect that the
(tammiittee would expr-ess an opinion as to
lie conaducst ofithose knownato be conicerned
ia the duel, and ats to the coturse which the
louse oughit to take ini regard so tem.
'urther lie requtested that anay memiber who,
iah tuime, thoughts of the rule since refer
ed so an the nmanuail, andi considored it as
mniitmg the power of the comamittee,would
isc anid state the faics; aind lie would thzen
sk him w hy he dlid nohte at the time,suggest
for thte commhaistee.
Thelz rule referred to is that, when a mem
er* is founrd by a comisnittee to have been
mtity of a breachi of privilege, the conmmit
le is to reptort the fact to the Ilouse, and
ze mnember shll then be heard in his, de
nee, eithert im his place or at the liar. in
ns caste the wvhole agree that thecre wvas a
reacha of privilege, aind the ontly qulessioni is
to the form 4)f the trial, or whether they
il lbe sried as all,
Theii debate otn thze duael report will prohsa
ly continuie somets days loniger. it is imn
ossibile to say whether the report will be
ceomuitedh or not.
M r. Camabreleing implored the House to
ike this prehintunary quession to- uday. lie
udi that the 'ondlitiona of she Treasury was
acci thas he should lie undiser the necessity
asakinzg the Hotuse, on Mondtuay, to suspend
ie rules for the purpose of taking up the
We learn (says the New York Courier of
the 24th inst.) by gentlemen, passengers in
yesterday's boat from Boston, that at a
meeting of the officers of the hauks of that
city, held on Friday evening, it was resolv
ed to reticent ill their notes of the denomi
nation of five dollars and under, and that
the resolution was carried into effect on Sat
urlay, fihe banks on that day payiug epecie
for all their, pnper presented. Virtually,
the resumption is considered entire, as it is
understood that the banks will furnish any
amount of specie for onliuary bunsiiness pur
poses, and no demand for any other cau bo
anticipated at present."
The New York Herald slip of the 28th
inst. says-"The Philadelphia Banks had
a meeting oil Wednesday, and resolved to
resume specie paytnents on all sums under
one dollar. This is the first move under
Mr. Biddlc's suggestion of a gradual return
'o specic payments. They therefore re
deemt the fractional bills. Wild Cat money
is quoted at Detroit at $2 per bushel."
FRoar FLORIDA.-We lear from a pas
senger in the schooner Eric, Captain Nrz,
from St. John's, (E.F.) via Cockpur, tlat
previous to his leaving Savannah, it was
reported that Newnansville had been taken
by the Indians. and eight families murdered.
LATEST FROM ENGLAND.
The steam ship Sirius brings 7 days later
from Europe than the Wilmington. We
are indebted to the politences of her com
ntder, Licut. Roberts, for papers from
Cork to April 4, from London to March 3
Ist, Liverpool to April 2d.
The differences between France and Hnyti
are adjusted and the treaties published.
Tranquility ii restored at Lisbon. The
differences Between Holland and Belgium
wear a grave character. The subject of
the extension of church accommodation in
Scotland excited a stormy debate in Parlia
tment the tnight of the 30th.
ARRIVAL OF TIE STEAM sHIP SIhIUS FROMI
CORK IN EIoHTEEN DAYS.
This vessel reached Sandy Hook last
night and came up early this morning and
anchored off the Battery, where she now
lies. The anbouncetnent of this desired
event fleiw like wildfire through the city. and
crowds of persons firon an early hour have
been throngng to the Battery, and the small
craft of the Whitehall boatmen have iever
had more active employient-hundreds
flocking iff in them to the great lion of our
wraters. We hastened down with the mov
ing mass ofr population to the Battery, and
soon saw the gallant streamets of the noble
ship gleaming in the brightsunshine-tho
star spattgled banner at the firenmast and
Bri kannia-s standard hanging over the stern.
Every body was struck with the noble
bearing of this craft-her shiplike aspect,
though longer than ordinary ships for her
bulk andl the neat rig of her masts. In fact
she is a perfect sea boat. She is painted
deep black, except the light green tafliail
on the quarter and the gilding about the .
..., and. the paddc awd shas of tee
rim, and apparently delicate frame work of
the wheels which are red and of iron, but
ncvertbeless not in the slightest degree in
jured apparently, which to look at them
seens astonishirg. considering what billows
the ship has waded through, and what heavy
gales she has encountered. Neither is the
roof of the round house robbed apparently
of a single plank.
.On arriving on board we were received
with great lvdliteness by Li. Richard Re
berts, of her~ Majesty's navy, commnandeor of
the ship. The vessel did not stop htut eo
hotur in the wvholc voyage, and thtat wvas on
theo Bauks of' Newfiundland during a heavy
gale, and in order to fasion a screw. Ne
v'er laid too oncee during the whole voyage.
The ships's comnp any is 40. excluisive of
the Captain, Lient ,Ric hard Roberts, Royal
Navy; Mr. Wr. Ramsen, superinltendent
of the Engineers; First mate, John Dud
Icy; 2d do, Gen, T. Briggs; 3d do, Francis
S. Whitaker; boatswainu, Richard Jones;
first Enigineer, John Lambert of Glasgow;
2d do, Wmn. Dintner of Portsmouth. fifleeen
firemen, 9 seamen--the seamen all E uglish,
the firemen Irish, Scotcht and EnglIth; the
rest are servants, stewards, &c. All theI
crewv are British-passengers 46. Five
ladies it first cabin from London and Cork,
four in second cabin, a niumber of gentlemen
two schoolmnasters, three artists, and several.
mechtanics. Dutritng the whole course no
ver shipped a sea; never had the least ap
prehensions of any d'hnger; conseumed 400
tons of WVelh (bituminous) coal, and htavo
a supply otn hand; tnever cleaed the boilers;
the machinery worked beautifully during
the gales, and Samuel Hall's condensers
andl imp~rovedI engines, which were used,
fully uanud completely sustained the highl'
opinion entertained of them. No accident
To Lient. Richard Roberts, therefore, be
longs-, the honor of' having first achieved an
experiment which it wvas easy to1 foresee
was, from the extension to whticht coast
ste'aming in Europe and America had been
previously carried, on the verge of contsunm
nation, but wvhich it nevertheless requtiredl
serve andl decision to undertake. He ap
pears perfectly utnconscious of the impor
ance of the event which lhas been accom
plished thtrouhh his skill and courage.
His owvn country wvill mark the event, and
~onfer on the mana some high honor, as we
rust andl believe Capt. Roberts is also
~ommnander of the largest steam packet ship
afloat, viz: the British Queen, (late Victo
-ia) over 2000 tons, jest completing at Lon
Ion, and from which he sails in her in Sop
The passage of the Sirius would have
'nat least four to six days less, but for
Ito heavy gales shtortly after leavintg Cork,
and the constant westerly windls for all the
irst half ofthe voyage, with a deadl, heavy.
onfusedl sea on, andi especially during te
wuo day's severe wveather on the Banksa.
.Thte engine of this ship is entirely out of
aght, attd the pipte, w'hich is painted white,
vith a black top, and solid and broad, dloes
tot reach over some 20 feet above deck,
tanding as firm as when she left port. 'Tho
vbteel-houtse does not come much below the
udlgeon, leaving, therefore, the paddles andl
he light iron framne wvork of spoke and rim,
n which they are attached, open to sight.
r'he paddles are each in form of a flight of
brce ster's. cach sten narrotv.