Newspaper Page Text
From th Talahassem Floridian, May r.
We learn that the remnant of the Creek
Indians who, for same months past, have
been collected at Walker's Town on the
Apalachicoln, preparatory to their removal
to the wustj have again taken to the woods.
They left: in a body on Sunday nig,. lit,
about one hundred it till, ad procedc(I
down the river in a flat a few miles, and
landed on the eastern hank of a river firom
which n large heaten trail leads into the
forest. Considcrable apprehension prevails
1among the settlers it the neighbuorlrnod of
the deprodations of these litgitives, %%ho
have noother mians ofr obtaining ststenanec
than by plndering the white settlemenio.
-The following- facts .were comtmented
to us hy Capt W. L. Lyon, as having, oc
curred otn hi voyage from Liverpool to St.
InArks. They evmtiareckless disregard
Of life and propety; scarcelv exceedled by
the attack of the lawless ucanver which It
tery'mueh resembles. What exeise
Buslihy could allelan ;Ir enniilonlading a
vessel evidently within his power, aind after
coming pi) with her, diszclar:inIg volley ar
for volley of musketry tipon her deck, we
are at a loss to determine, ind he deemed
it his dty to board fhe Oconee, why was
it not done the day previots, duritng the
grenter-part -of which she was in the im
mediate, vicinity of the cruie,r's ret-remt
imotig the Keys. Such outrges by those
professing to he the protectirs of (nim
merce, Merit ths severest reprehiension
nod ptmishment. and the officer who com
initted it, should no longer Le permitted
thus to digrneo the fiag of his country.
Extract Crom the log Ibook or the ship oco
nee, Wm. L. Lyon, master, hound fr-om
Liverpool to St. Mairk, Hlrigha
A;pril 25 1828. At 7 o'cloch, P. Al.
p ass md the D oun l Ile d d -tort K eys.
distant about three miles, heard firing in the
diriction of the Keys; supipomd to procced
from a vessel in istress. The firitng con
,mned at int,-rvals 0tf* aboutt five v i innte-,
mnd at 10 P. M- discovered it to proceed
from n vescl astern, the shot iteit dropping
-longside; supposed tit vehsol to he a pirati
11i schoter, frtm the fact oh her chMitg
ont or the Keys at that hotr ofr the night
ite ship having becn itn si- ht of the Keys
tor several iours previois. At 1, nmittl
to the northwtrd. witi:he view of os .ail
lng t he vessel in tIbase, hmti fintditt she sig
gaited, and cotttintd firif:: Alot, at 1 o'
clock, A M. rounded to, when %e received
I Wo shots arross our deck, it'llowell Iy twlo
volleys of musketry itt <piek ponic essi'...
We were then hoarded Iy the Lieimtme
of hile vessel, whihel proVO!l to be her B. Al.
brig Wanderer, Ci paiin Buslily, :.Fcr va
t iots and minmte mnfluiries as io our ottetrs
eargo, consiteve, the port foL i-partuire and
destination, &c. the Licutenalt lft n s Iwitl
orders to lie uder his stern natil we re
ceived a sigmal to make snil, - lie wished
1t0 further coilnmnitication iw idt is; made sail
immediately, and resumed our course.
SAVANNATI, May 1 .
Late fro-n Fori(/a.-From an tfticrcr of
the ariy whbo arrived yesterday from St.
Atianstip, im the Revenie Cittter Camp
hell, Capt. Cost, we hear tliat Cl. 11arney
bad -,:irp skirmish with am Ja..sI
Uisenytne. Sam .1 ones thed with hi.s fohhtn:
ers, a large proportinn of' whom it1I'r wVto
iM1en 411td1- children, into the (-ver-h-:s, he
fore Col. I. conul come ilt with him.
One squaiv was capired. froln mi Coh.
It. learned tat Sam .oies Im]d mrimli a
.jpetion with the Spaniish Indi-am.; on Ie
Keys, ind that his Iay cottsistel of:t;
Pl iek.nt,kit--, an:d :27 Se'n Iitulet;s thalek-ek
1Iadhjo. of Ttnskogeo's tr'ibe, who h Iai beeni
se~n t ont to b.rim itn the Seinot,les at;tachedl
to Sam Jotte's party, had l:en shot byi Sam
.lone~s, wh Iich occasioned a ser'iots dhilferenicei
betwcett the aie ikaankh it's amnd the. Semiinus.
Coi- Ii. .inin st arted en the Gutih with rteni
days VSprovisions it putrsuit of Samu Jonies, antd
had unader his comtmantd (ine comipany otf.
-Fn;os FLoai.--Uv ihe sehr.. Emopiri.
4 nyt. Siouthw ic-k, itt I:2 lims from St
Angtme;t, we have- r'eceivedl the loruida;
tie atlh of' Sturdayi last.
We tnders.tandi, '-uis th lierl-a hi, that a
fiw days simee, a larigi bodly of ittdi sti. j
isted lDrtn' Ish;ttd. andi capwi-i.. a tinti
hier ofC nregrtes beiloing to Z.I ii;.rsei.
Esq1. and ctlariedl th;em it, the west sid 'If-;
t he St. 'Tohnis R iver. Thei~ niez-gs e;l s'g,
itheir escapet wile the ndian irts wvere '-mt-'.
9 ~td mn killing~ caulte, awil camte t0, P5h.'l I
A ntegro wvomnanitwas left ont thle landni andI
- a1 steambotat pass-init by took hter elf."
Fort Mlon it is sakjd is mo be abanidotted,
ati also Fort Pierce.
Trooyps were arriving at St. Anansitiner
dlaily from 'lhe south, ott thteir way to the
ChIerokee nation.-C/har. Merc.
Si'. A tv ens-i, Mlay 5.
We learn that threie ridhiers wereP rleetly
1- il hel neat'r iaiopy I;ast weekcl by Indtiami.
,Let ter's h'ttm New minnsville irifi,rm its that
Cirns is bietweien three aitd limr dollaris per
losihtel, andi bhconi 25 centts per' pioii. .
''he planitations antd critps arie all 'atbawtlet
ed. antd then 1 Indians hiavi.i 'omtple te pboases.
sin of the Coutrty.--I-/t//.
We regret to learin thiiat ii if.-entc' ia bteent
already commtittd rt'h v the (CheLrokes, withI
itt 01nr kntuts. Dir. JIohn lBr'uster', Iatei Sur.
'eyoir Ge neral of' the Stat.', hie fsl'i at
vitieno to thteiir hostility- II is l"rryma n was
killed, it is stated a few hiours pr'evietn,. :t
le F erry, fronit whence theimy pitoceide liiIt
i s h o i le . I f r is b o d I - a r i e r ce d b y f tu r
Sc/frerer's by the l'ire in Cihrlston -At at
tlie sessioni of, lie (Coineil Irist evenint, Mr.
J'eters introdnced a pr'e:tmbile a ndu restiluion
nipp)ropriaitimn thte si"t" of N2h00f to the aid
oft lie destitutto stifierers ity the late. c nami
totis fire in the city of Chli:estmo,; regniest
ing the MTayor to trantsmiit the sa-e to the
Mayor' and CJottieil of' thie city of ( htarles
ton, to bte a pplied antd distribu ted as they r
rnay dleemt expediet-t We hopeif tli.s mioli ,'
example, so credtirabile to outr eitv, will lie
f'ollowed by other Connteil5. E'~vet' ready ,
as our eun/zens always arc, to olpen iheir v
hands atnd hearts, never hauve tey been 'I
called upon under' more negravntedj Cirenm
stances tharn thin present. WVhateve.r may v
be (lone by the City, wve trust that intdividci- 'e
aI aid and etinzjs ...m .-- be ,csrc.
From the Correspondentof Char. Mrercury.
WASttNGToP, 5May 10, 1838.
In the House, to-day. a Inessnae was re
ceived from the President of tie United
Statesq, on the subject of the condlitioln of
the Treasury. TheI Pre)'sident re presents
*hat sa large -u i ntionitalIv -life to tie tren
sury, is un1lavnib-b0e, hinlig, oni deposite with
the States, or due by deposito banks, and
that there is but about inalf at inillion inl the
frensury subject at its disposal. lie urges
Congress to supply the ireasury with ieans
for meeting the current expenIlituires of the
government, and recoinends ifie pjassat
of the bill to authorize the issie of' trensury
notes. in the pince of ihose i-4141ed4 uder thi'
aet of October last, nad pnid back into filh
treasury and eniicellei. The nesagle was
referred to the comtimtitteo of the whole on
the state of the union.
Mr. Canibreeng inado an attempt to
pass over lie report (in tie duIel id like up
fhe pithlic usineSs but it was in l'ertil.
Ihe report %uns na-in taken up, and the
debaite wa;s contiued for soime time hv
3lessrs. Underwooll ;atl Tiois, When, fial
ietion of Mri. Thomas, th! report tvws Ihid
on the inable ly so votk, of' 202 to 79; ail
the terstimiony ittaid he iiirnal wai iteni or
dered 0t to e priied-89 to .1. So that is
the end of nul alluir which has cosnstmed
ihrco weeks of ite public tim; and n Iieh.
take it aloetithvir, will Orn a f.ml suid im.f'.
ffieable blot oni the ihisLory of the lo) tril (if
Betore Uen. Scott left Washiington, le
Id ill interview with Joih i , tand Ilre
(.1 hin to accompalny himl) to the Cheroikiv
coutilry and uitle with him there inll fi.et
lmg a peacealec removal, on terms mnu'sal.
ly Satisfactorv. Illi nasrli Hoss of' i,
prolf,ction i any (11'eat. amls pledged him
stlf to sti'er hit :11tny tie to leave, evell
for the purpos, if ho chosei of leadi! his
warriors to battlv; but ltw% delitii il
overtfir, oni tho groind that (-11. :(eo5t
acted unidiir ihe orders oaf supmrior to whmn
he was nerouiitable, n% Ito had not to h,
(Itos,s') knowled-o. :11boried thie 1COveritire
arill who would not le hoid Iv it. IlIe
also declareil that he %nobid oat d ' ithii
which Wnbili recogIize thw trealy; th11t tial
nleither he nor iis frsitns h:sl :any ide'ziet
resisting its forsibie C-4tmimi. It ap--car
tisht tile indians are -vierally so loslile to
the trcaty, fltt they n%oid witidraw their
conf,tece romii-es, and pl-rhapls -;acrifite
im, if' lie shohtild inl ay way eotiianace
or rucaglise it. Au i-' oiItlonl isneli
Hosss nud the Prc'id-i , i: soil,.et Ims
v'.ns:-d; and oi fth 2 ins-t., t' ir mv:
n ill I,w coninctced under thie dir- c,iol uf
The llwi-. osi motision of Mr. Cinnin-c
leng, "len inlto ( of* ihi h l, (ems
the sIte of tihle Unim, andi4i t(klli ip th,l 101:
t) aitilhiorize! th isvs of Tir'.mrv .\ omsZ it
the place of,thoi'e which llavv lte'11 or noi
ie issted, inditleri the Act f ( )'vo:'.r I ;.t.
Mr. C1brh.l.4-il; im1ade a S1.a11'malliil ofl ills.
colidiloln of, Ohw Tr 1,1r, !! adti.act
the ins.aue of the Brill as a plrtoper iusai..
for supplying it. liHt stated that he inca
sure was oilly in anti-ipi;ion of i-tsotiree
which ilte GoveMrnMIt h' f , hsugh t-v
were not no w available. Tils Guvertniien't
hnsld lueiy-eight nilliosl. on depo.sile n%iit
the States, and fificen millions ill the hands
pwrity, nd(i of a Ic,toration of' ait5n enr
rency; and broth lie loovk'l sii ::
lirihfth' of the %% i-lo sf the Adiiiii-aii(iii
ill piSting inl its policy ivY 1. il Il
finances. Tie siti:aio I'f thie T-s
WoUld soon bc reie-%ed by Ilh-: i'i:ral re%i~
va! of umes
MIr. Cu,,hing Oppose:i the ill, and, is
repily to M'Jr. Cambiireh'ii:, renn5er tkeds thi:i
thte retuirninsg prosperi!'ity i of thi' co1n' v.
nio moire to lie at trblti d 1(oi 5thei ci:'-s.' sif
wm'as to th' iniflusence' of thte siun. lie tih
ject'ed to Tlresudry' Nost's tIs nl enilrr'nev, fin
manyiS ner'otits, andl fs denied the rig ini' tile
Goveranmesnt; nttwh r the Constituition, to i,.
taic thlemIi5: astis'ih.
Mrs i. Thopson of(5 S. C., t'sl!owcd in .
very~ long an ad s'.is 't --p'a'.'ii ini opp.- sa,a
to the Iuil- lie said if thei gr',at cservsi'a
ny pnnplie of lih,h lIhe'tv. iii itiis
phe,:. shalil not hes tareteds isli us i'i h'. of'
ithe Aihini:istra:tiont tat'e s'formeidA, mn s- i' ..
iru'isly. :silhe redl K-> hiere. nso mss's, ne ofir
lief' for thei Ti'ea-tty s'ouh now he~us p ' .m
hint, hoswve'r inal b>y wm' sioiever. his C.e
venmen'SSlSt shaonhll be:niinijiislsn'red, lhe im.et
not nm at ihahihl ainy ni' 'e.--.ar'y s i . s s. j,
wo'nhuls nost, howein'ver, :: to~S5h ibi e-,o.e
l-ine he.ii di -ede;s it ta s ili,a if t ' .
rsti,ttion1 :and peiric'iin. itn it, remi!..i..n'
lie argtued uiaa tihe r,un.--s i"popowi s t a,.
tiid were4is .hlls of' cred'it i<-di'ly ,-iu 55-rS
nussl hierea wass nio otheisr powein'r ini vainu,-a ot
r.hiih the Govemisndent'couldl js., tis.
intes. ec.'sept th lao 1n erI iio horron-o im .
lie sulggestesd, nis a lie' ter imiiie f ar riev
nig I le Tr'aea'sr, :a ind tne for' wii'-hI'
msinls1 v'tle, a direct lotan, to t.e obsasi-rfied
I'ngI:and, or, if ini thtis conunyls', ill i f
ic arggiued, hei a greai inre' to slt hen li.
'Otit y. It nm tiahl hsaves tIe ceft ia rs 50-e
'-siilinuce andl ibi-;gis''s 5h:'.i:'a.,li i,
-lntyTtink, lie 'sln. wer'e'gi 5 .
Ct sound ishI ihevnr no' w t5~', at mii thedg e
Vm' one of 'oii lece, aiot uf 'a enneVy
Thel( Setnnite wma' ebiusly vn....'i.d lia~'
ii the shapjaticofhn-tinc..wm' s'c-ss: siii:"
'Itse lill to priden'i fair t h uni--hm. mnt of
onniterfeiting Tlreassry' N'ots's, wnma ti:.'i
In tiht house Mlr. Ifi1 ll'is Siflitmils
utt ina vins, lim arsidntee ai ilaiisiii yi~m'.
imie for tihe i."uei ofi tw mvi til'l~.ia of''.'s't
y Notes, matew!d of'th liill befeore thei
Air .. Hell nak"d leav'e to offer rhe f:hiuin ,~
RIesol vedl that thet' Coniin ISi of aV ~
its Means h'tISle inlirn'ieti'i to rsepors to thli,'
I stse', fort hwmith, :- all1 attizi n. s .~t 1
icerteitary oif' the Trea's':ury to r:si,e' him iani
ic stutm sof - - libts, sto's1J'nn
niimesdiate' demai:ndpsiitum th1e Tlrendstry' to
iet t wmlhi, thiei'e .ire' nts amvail i.lewe'a.mosi
M~ r'. Camibreleng ohijeeseid, and Mr'. Bei'hi
inved the ssuspenasiont of' the rulles, S tpoi
tIhich \I i. C.. askedl the' Ven's iai Ntavn"
:Iihi wmet'e, Yeas t'2, Navns t-2. TI'i'
toid seem to be stroingly i:'ilien:tive sifn
elr'aion tot the sutituiate of a iohan ir thai
'rasry Note IIill.
Ths lili fort flte ie' of Treausry Note's
'as atgainl ttakeni ny ini Commstii os:4f tlI
hle, zamsd Mi' rlhom pIson,of.S. C. Conclu
td his nrontmeas nio .
Mr. Rhett followed in a vcrycorrect, j
truly eloquent and Off'etive speech, in 4m11
t1or* of tihe mnonaslre and in reply to alle4
obajections made igninst it A more bok"d
ani enler-lctie speech has not been dtlelive"'
at thk session Itq discritninntion finoll(Ane
:1b1ility :-aned pnriotic tone. will also CoMA
iend iiselfto the public. Our,northern" d
tnotsitriliton men ,indl some fof ottrantiiV11
Bturen neit were highly pleased nith-th?
peech ; ror, while it .stoloporied the sit
right doctrines, it enftrced " ith great po-.
er- and ef'ect, tie obligations of the Slatedi
tIe Governnent of the Uviion. I hads
tended. if time was aflilee, 14) give voteal
drinnee it somile If tlhe topies which Mr.R.*
polr-Kueld. bait Iho mail is ab1)on1t to) close..'*
ihe dietission is still gioing oil, and a re.
-oioie determination is exhibited on iho
part of the 1riends of the hill; to carry it
throough the comintice to-night. Bil, I
fear, the- attempt will fail. t is (lifficul at
his senpon:i of tile ye:ar, and especially on
Sinrdariy ight. to keep meilbers in'their
In tae itouse tfo-day. to lhe surp'rise of
sroile. Mr. IHion of I nd(il IM, n very thorough
A dministrnil n menAber, moved lces"sp10n
;imi of 'he riles i i order too ennile. liito
iffi-r a resiition to resciid the Specie (ir
enliar. aler lite filr-t of June rex, and to
priohzilbit aniy oisteiin ion hereafter be
tw-ven the dli'lelreri silis of 1imd laken in
.nvmni( l of Goverimimnt does The fines
tin wa;s t.iken, Icy y ea-i aid Nays. and
oer< fppeard. yeis 95. ilys i; not lithe
111i1kit wc-Ihird. 'hlere are no udoult
wj ilbir.k oi both ilion-:, ilc favor of the
provpoisiitin, ant Cling -s % ill noit adjourti
n jotiaopniir it. it is bfodre I he I louse
h(iwi--tr. imc :not her irnic :is n !)nrt of the
Sh tre n -eil henfin im -n Se e.
ir. Cambren moved lh- S11 e'Rilc
ol'the r itl, m 4 rder to Ciable thle 1oisel n
tilse ip tle Dill it) isstw- Treasury Notes.
And it was .1greed to by a vowe 'of more
11han1 t wo-tird-4. The \Vhi.- heave heioni
larnetd at tile position in, hIlich they were
macle tio appear by Mr.Rhi, t in hisspeeeb,
t:ii(i now varnesty dimclaim the intention or
%-i:;- I:a ci ipple car rmbaira,s the Govern
meit, by lI,-iyic- or re usintia lite neressary
Slitphlis. iThev say now, the-refore, that
altr a diseossimi of a clay or two more,
thev will 1re-e to -4teir lte pirsfion it) lie
0!. (h .Saturday ni,!ht, the ..dini
in"ii'wri at;;eptei to tir out the
1.tion, i'.t the opii,itioti %e%aried lthm
11111. L.y Ili c.w:.-lit im i;11s 'or1 le C ol itilee
1a ri,v. :11w1 ;-y -pert les .iciin so
ti-. : r iihf-p-is ne ( i 'ccam-4 oil SCifla
ctri ite,, the ln' was obligi-ed la alj
Ahl. oi.rr f Ohif), Rpmie to-day n
W iw.a: Il.- 111. 11ndi M i. Ioiml f,i .e c
aw iiw sido. ir. I awes,nfter .,peaki<
lor teii nr filaci im i llt. faiio-1. C-11 into)
Ohw arms fif a :e, -md wa s.arried etct.
Tinp.:-!ir1ed 0.., 1 litOw cfnif iusimn aciddi
iay. afer whcshi, Mr. )icc, oh' 11diaunt.
ma i.1 I)fLee ol hail- lmr .a;inlt the
W11. Hi:l ir b ivw iundiltoirs, for iogt of
the timle, only sevenity or Thrci . e'
is n14) proincI tbat the qIestiocn will hat P
ken tu-ciiir, nad inved dhere will be UO
ellort ro press it.
ine the Senate to-day,,Mr. Webster. O*
.untled some rentinstines neaiit,tiboO4
co rol af the 'icjec*t, would give it Ih eir
AJr. Wili:.ios (of' Me., inlrodiicel, nrCe
aly to" pi. io'l-" "lice, a1 h-ill tainothfirize
he- sirvvy of he Ntrih-t',..r atotn-ars
acecurichn an the~ tr.-aty ofI G, iJe ipr'
jeose Ithat thce hn-oli'''tcat ice acs~ cerne cce.
acordi tig a recy, and 1- 4; i0S Grlt
imi in1 dial ficofill.i.14cie wi ih us in fixin
thact ine ii s ;th'Iie boundcalary, Io cake sneh ep
ehIi, b- e enpied. ih.. w'hcah- cliv.
yet, for cl Ivaemicirice of Al.
Iiors inc P1erc, :nr i 1 nler' th mc ha;lf' of;
tem~ lire prcIstnit ad- pc:i t mIembe Lrs of'
l<ac, I .'a . c' n.,o 1) .1f ti Ia 'erue'------ l'hie
Iiceiii th folloincvg isi I.r, reucie at thce
Deparctmeneat af $ talo:
('CN.c i nv-: or -r TI : TT. S-r.:s.
t hoera ccc, iccitedl Saime' Chci-. ii xi'.
lila toi rca t. Ile :ir,-iveh at (Tclagn, fc'.ccc
'5lpar-ii c, icc clie liniltedr 'tne, Ship ("
cenica, ( 11pt -.-l'e.ccmer, can the 2i icc,
a ee icierred ccn lice -2c ic,'at:ci. in tile 5ric
cbi ccn itr cc ac iem Vi , c d cl lc
hi or c dc ciccIo hi. r:ii, cemiic neCrio ,hc:c.il
it' ihe C'ijra l'y Ia eitcha-uiccc of IlT,i
.'- a-, ihn ish.. :mds i"rechl mi;caes mcid
y f r~ mCcile-c hy tc hci member lofii the
P--i '.l scr cc C(ih; by olici erhers cl' l.tedb
th )c1 remea ta~a-h~ Goenente'-r- t whe .tel ie
n cr-chilced. ci biy ca iliianc'rons Cocoursei of
hi eI icsct izenscc. ciii folirci;ers resijidet
')n (i/ e.IIun- t ie I-un . .-'air Thomas
Pcr:ic iardc diel mn I1%iladegilia,i en TPuesdayt~
-i'.,ce ccc Silb i ct., act ct dvcaeede age
rc',uo hl-fhu pe,rs. .'c c. Itridforcd entered
cc"i.I h- proaftc.w,cni fcan edcitori icc I 7;, dmi~
5amhed;i .icc by.i ti Ihe pcece.cfPaicris, which
r'i,s ed thaclccl t loodycii war calhed .;i'hro
!dc I- r''ei c c r" in thcis cca.clrv-.n "cii'The
evean ye'ars' War"' icc itcrope. J)arcng
oar Retvcoliitionl, ihe ws' UaCmmiessarys (Gnc
-rcal ofl thle i e'icnsylvaninc ivisiona, ctigl pcricc
e r cc lie (ciiniti'mlci (cCgr'e. The first
Vs a iivery unportan publ iicaic I rusr, scnd
troaves lihe high e'stjinii.inci in wvhcib Ih was
ccid for IIl 'i imiricy hnd knowcledge of' bucsiness.
Iche si-econdi showvs tha hiIie wats fcaoraly
<nclw em dcc. ofi lthe worrhiest bodlies of' me
had OVa ev e c as ele fi>r thce roccd ccf ancckicnd.
'a e pri ce n- e chat juni ililre his denth, he '
vas~ t'w ccldcest enmb er cofhie c tedrial emcpsi
cc dhi aeimatrc , andic perapisci te aon. fi.'rsi
hen c livmiag, in an y cmcannecr dl iectly Cacne
'c wc ih the ibody of cmena thcat signced tile
A ilianore paiperscivs.n aIuman Skele
on1 hcc' a e-cc bcreanght to Ihlni city I'rini thce
toaekv 3lcounatainsc,nceacr ihe hcencl'c aters of
ice Misceitri, ic hceight eldhtcfe-rt nine inch
-s. canal seighincg one hundred and cightf
From the Chareston Mereury.
The owners of the Georgia Steam Pack
et have greatly mistaken their own n.tereRt
in order'ing that boat io start, as-adve'hised,
on tie.same day and.hour with'rhe Pulas
;.01 It is a conlt9lpt of publip .O"inlion,
.vhich the.publie will 'resent, for dAere is no
blinking the matter' it Is well knowu that
,the olijept is monoioly. The eflort is to
,,rive the Potlaski (ont of the trade with Ial
timore, and lio ives of passengeri,iere is
every reaton to presutre, are to be endan
gered for this selfish end.
Stch a course cannot fail to impair ihn
well earned popuilarity which the aeorgia
Had South'Carolina have thus far comminian
led. We know of two faminiliett who have,
.t account of this advortisenent, adandon
their intention of going in the G. on file )re
rent trip; and we dare any there are ot ers
who have very prudently determined not to
incur the risk of stemit rae, or ifapprehend
itnK no danger, are yet i esolved not to Co0u
tenance s: barefaced an attenpt at ionopo
ly. and outrageous instill to public opinion.
If the nwters or the Georgia are tolerated
in this matter the lessons of the past have
been thrown away, an! Stenas Iloat Disas
ters oughot not hereafter to enisea excitew,.
The peoplle will only he paying the ponalty
of their own folly.
Tie contest between flie two boats has
not beel, anoofl is liit sought, hy the owners
(i te Pulaski. As appears by their publica
tion in the Cottrier, were they to change
the dav for the departure of their boat,the
orders are for tite Genrtia to aber her- day
accorlingly-, TO ENSU'RE Il I RACE.
If. therefore, in more stenn than is tsu
al and safe should be rnked, the passengers
would be indlelted to fhe self-control, pru
dence and itraniity of the respretive Cay
tains, and not to the exervise of tlise vir
toes by ihe ownlier, of the Georgia. It mist
be evident. that there is less chanigrr to ie
tippreheided from tle boat which endenv
ors to atvoid the race. than rrom the boat
which is ordered to seek it. Fron what we
have heard of Capt. Rollins, of the Georgia,
we are suire that lie wenild not endanger the
lives of his passengers in subserviency to
isi employers; but in n vnilinR a race, after
the hoiats lad stalted, he wohild net anainstf
the sjirit, and very probably the 1etter 44 htis
instrmetions. The spirit inl which those or
ders grgiatrd, ou.ght to be rebkil and
p3unihedl. Let those who are compelled
to go tlis trip in tine or the othe-r of the boat.,
give the prell-rence to tihe Pulaski: and let
the puie eone 0 fie fitxed dterminitation
not to tpatroi.p fl. oher line, utitil it is 'gov
rneci byv a dilleretil Poliev. This is ti,l
eostel of Publie ditty, and is indieated by
no prejiudiee or partinlity.
Scve-;al person4 who were to have E!one
in the Georui*. have, in) coeu(ilence of tho
race alverfisement, taken pssage ill the
Nepitie, & m111teh-i of, the taelin, ill, no
doubt' he transierr..d to iic New Vork line.
Perthaps tle Captain of* tho Neptie MaV
he itdneed to te h lit the Chesapleake.
Ifrso. will they order another bjoat to racc
him out of it?
Labors of Lov.-'Tiq an ill wind that
blows nlobody good. in one sense of the
phrase, we trust that our fellow citiz-ns of
rOharleston will find the truth of its applica
tion-nanely. in thse feelings of'geterous
nllen' lIn 'enfd irPi. i -t%i.
nifits, in view Or their recet sufi'er-ing by
oc.f:!gralion. A commitee (t rem-n.
iir-rmned it- osis morniii,. that lheir *iluvc!ss
in collectinA fdel (of contri-oution. ii s very
liceited wa!k. had alread% laren very insi.
it a. & plr111nied th1o Iaost liheral r V esu. e
-:a haneti.'.. st he. lorle. ctig
reqjueirer, or scbti s tli', aid;heitt it is chertino
ti" "'"' ah ltrits of Pit hee)olenft ac(tiepn' a-i
honoaer.able s.vtain:!hy iCine m: epressio) rand
utp.gregte ofta good.-P', hldel ha Gazette.
Ti1 Chuaeton I!ari-.--The~ adv"ert ise
tnnt titr 'onlt rac'ts fore s le rd.'contuction, of
a ii,nstuole c'dire i. northiy the attntion oft
seret'ri hblerss. W.e aire nowi~ rt IlibertyV toe
hopule tina it wvill sioon ri,r agarin, theL ot'p;
imentt amdi piride of I le city. Th'le eneter'pri
sting )propr'ietor,'s n ill thusj' ('onft r at substain
uaal benchlt ont Chiarlesto f~aiar prenter sthani
lie terte employ'tnnt of so mnehj cai tal
hocpe bcegets hsope-a le nielivity, rinergyV, re(
soitisoni antd prlompfliture in onie mant ~en
are itiat e el' pro'ti-eily ini whoscje iicthepro
d uc ts atl pats t ake..- C/ir. Ah r.
I"uri.-L.r1 a ight at eielit o ei.ekcl, a 'arc'
brcuke sout tta ra twoa si caay bicik betiMlai g cat
N cte )ame-str'eet, it few~ doors~. (Prtm le
r.rer' a ..' Alzr.ie. 'i cThe pr n-ind we iot -
otg stirshat sthe timte frsoma thle Noirtha Ea,st
whlichl craussedi lie fIt:stes teo spi'rad ra;picll
to ihe adjaettm uilinsls. lThe tare' enginte's
andh h ose comtp'~am e' bure'eied to thet spor w'ithi
ill jPp5siible (c'teit y, but so swift wa:s ile
po::ress oft the dlev'ourting elemenit cliat te
nisc, r'tr'elnusits exerrt ionst of touri iirenn.ni
O'v're for a whIile iinetl;.ttl. Thse emisir'e
ao is of t w tstr iP >rick li bibllinig. oil the c'or
ae'r of' NoPtre l)lame atnI.eg iapie ssreets,
:Omp jrasin 5 1 ot' (t dlwelling lntses, wea'e
-"ais"tuacl before thme fire wa'ns subdcaedl. 'iThe
iimsgs tt is said w5ere- tite p)roet vif Air.
h m ct . I lodge. W hethser aniy in'turane
vas u1ipn them's we* have nott feairnedt. The0
oss of the furnituire aind othe'r vasluable'
toss msits haiive beeni considecr ale, ais rall
tie bmbsllinsg'.svwere inhiteitd fp'b italit's,
mdie tie- groiisid ileiers ands bac'k y'ardis were
ieenie.d its a., -t:pises.
Desteructive Fire.- A lire broke otit in
en ark 0on ih liI lth inisi. in the (cemr se of
blockl hioundsed bty Pitt, WVille't, liev'ittgtt
id Stanstons streets, w~aihi bsefosre it was
rre'stecd estroyes ov'er' t wenty builintgs,
mai in the. course of' two hiours ttrnetd ot
ifhouse andte hloma uplwardcs of f'ify f'asmilies.
A Monastcr.-..On Sat rdc.;'. of' the 31st of
vlnrehl law~t a malec child was boiCana uni,
r.i Johna atl istbury, of Wi'3 a ottoh. in this
Miate, whto lad four C:irs.fJbur eyes, four
rms, andc ,four legs! It ulied the da:y 'after'
ts beirih. 'iThe dultiaea 'er.s acper-el a
rove thec li' rra.I. eye.s, in theo forteheadris.he
liate e-arsjutst liehin jte trite en es-thea
[uplhreat as grews frotm below and imtme
inilely itnsder ithe ttrue armes-n d thle cducp1i
ate' legs spa'tng f'romt the hlips atntd extesideed
short diseunce blelow te kneces of the true
Professor Tl wisq, of' lhe S. C. College, lhas
esicered his resignalion, whlich the T'rss
ees have accepledl, to sake place in Dcem
EDGEFIELD C. II.
TnRSDAT, MaY 24. 8O8.
Ve have received Capt. Parker's com
uni.1ion. It shall appear in a future
Is it not astonishing that the many awful
disasters which are crowding upon us, will
not open the eyes of the public! So kindly
does the people take these things,that steam
bont cantains and proprietors show but lit
tle concern. How elie can we account for
the fact, tiat the owners of some of the
boats running fromi Charleston,are attempt
Ing to introduce t/u system of racing, which
has caused such widespread destruction.
We are glad to see thi., attempt denounced
by the Courier and Mercury, and we call
again and again upon the press to do its
duty. If we have discharged our duty in
any thing, ince we have been connected
with tht! press, it has been in the course
which we have taken upon this subject. A
deep, a fatal delusion seem to have seiz
ed the public mind, and for years past men
have cared but little about violent and sud
den death, if that death was brought on by
the great and mighty power of steam. Tihe
disense is in the public mind, and we canti
not look for ;a better state of things until we
get into our senses. As long as editors and
pa.;sengers will continue their system of
u.fing. tid regard miere swiftness of tra
relliag, as the only recommendation of a
boat, we shall have people killed by the
thousand. To those who set some value
npon their lives, %%e will give a word of ad
vice, which we have drawn from a general
consideration of the terribly fatal disasters,
with which of late we have been an often
visited. A roid boats which are distinguish
0d as rapid trelers. These are the boats
of. what the world calls, character, and if
they had a hundred boilers, they would
burst them all, and sacrifice a Ihouand lives,
rather than fill short of public expectation.
It Isa fact that this is the class of boats which
i. most to be drended, and strange to tell,
these are the very boats that the mau crowd
i- loressin to get into. Look over the mel
aincloly chapter, read for yourselves, and
see if in almost every instance, (we know
no exception,) theso frightful calamities,
which nake on!'s hairstand on etnd to think
of, did not occur with boats of character and
rcputation. Flee thent as you would "war.
pestilence or famine," and if you take a
few hours or a few days more, to make
your journey in others, rest assured that
there is not one half the danger. A few
days ago, an intelligent gentleman from
a nillorimegs us, mu ne always took
his passage in the freight boats of the West,
and that frot extensive observations, ie
cuinl say. they furuished as safe a mode
ofconve. ance as the traveller could obtain
it) alny other wav.
The Cincinnati Post says, that our counl
try is rapidly acepairing a blootdshed reputa
tin th~roujghout the, world, It is with sor
tow and1 shiamte we cotifess the fact, that
tiere is too ineh reason fur it. Almost
every newspapier ill our1 hand bhas a large
poratlaon of' its colitumns devoted to the details
of' ourt enlrrel,t, mulrderous history. Let
evcry man read. the fullowing, and blush
for his cothitry.
Loo 0% TttAT PICTURI., Tny.., n
Ttis.-l' h' Laondloa ilIs of' motali ty lior
lSr,ge. th - numbe'rr of' deaths at "'twenty
le in this, but thet f'ne tim otnlyv one of'
th it nungetl,r was mutrdered' ndliihat in
a poptul ioti exceeding a million atnd a
Ii: hf.-nnd eren'ater by hundreds of thoui
sd ils than ainy State in thte Union, exceppt
.\ew V ork andi Penansylvania: thle hitter of'
wich, but little iiotre than egtnal,s it, and she
hias a heos iiumher of murders than ainy oilier
part of thei. Umont.
T'in-re aire States in this great vallev, willh
nlotttS st/h part of the 1.Opulation of' l'ndoni
whose miurder's w'ill average one a treek the
yjear roundI; add to this the coimpartness of
the~ populalion of Londton ts steh, and the
inass of' ext remue pov'erty so great. that thou
"anids are driven to the perptraltiont of'crimne
to ob'tain bread, ni bile in the Staites of this
vailley it may~ lbe ob'tained almost wvithiouttin
ellort. Hlut in London,n'-U,wie knives,'' and
-'Arkatnsas tooth picks" are tiot kniowtn, ii' a
ma . "takes the respon)sib,lty," he has to
makel,L it tzood, evenI with his lif'e.
Murderecrs are lnot bailedi out there, anti
these necountt for it. iInve we tnt ani ever
lhsting e'latter nhottt the ''march of mind"'
andI, "'the schloollmaster being abroad'' in
titr lantd, and ani everlasting exeitemenm
ke pt ti p on stime thteme, or ratt heri pr''een
itm2 those whoit would indt theitr oi busi
ness, fromt titing it ? Surely we havl%e- and
hamve we tnt proc'laimied to the wvorltd
touisandls uintd millions of times, t hat We' are
he most enilighutenedl people upon earth, uan
ial Come amoh.ne Is begin to thitnk so ? No
101nb1 of it. Y tI lie ignorant andt starving a
muong a tuilhion and a half in Lonidon, coal
ost but onte murder ini a year; wvl'ile hore,
ltiOng theu most enligtenede people tupon
earth, a popuslation of two or three hundredi
thouisani will commit fifty in the satme
period ! !
"If' ignorance is bliss,
"'Tis folly to he wvise."
Mr. Wecbster has presettd to the Sen
ite, the tmemorial of' cerin officers of the
Army, praying Conigress t) repeal a part
f the law which itllows whliskey to soltdiers
m fatigue ditty. The testimony of these
ertitioners to the yalute of temperance, is of
he strongest ebanracter, tand let it sink deep
uso tho heart of the reader. It is nao newa
Iiscorert, thlat soldiers can dfischarge their
aboious duties without tho hekp of ale.h@J.
for we know the fact that the Roman sol
dier'walked under a weight of about 60 lbs.,
and drunk but vinegar and water, and the
historian of Napoleon's retreat rrom Mos
cow, declares that the tenperatea lone were
enabled to meet the fatigues and sufferings
of that most destructive campaign. But
we give the memorial.
To the H1onorable Senators and Repre
sentatives of the United States tn Congress
assembled: The undersigned, otlicers of the
United States Army,beg leave respectfully
to represent, that in their opinion, the sub
stitutin of sugar and coWfee 1or the whiskey
part of the ration allowed to soldiers has
been productive of great good to the service,
and also the tnuans of preserving the health,
efficiency, and happiness, and frequently
effecting the moral reformation of-that part
of our any. And sincerely believing that
the gill of whiskey still allowed to men on
fatizne duty, by the act of Congress passed
March 2, 1819. not only fails to answer the
end for which it was granted, buteontributes
to a great degree to form and keep alive
habits of intemperance,the legitimate results
of which are insubordination. disease and
crime, we therefore respectftily and ar
dently petition your honorable body to re
peal so much of said act as relates to the
L. A. IRDSALL,
Assistant Suraefn U. S. Army.
A. G. BLANCH ARD,
1st Lieut, 3d Regiment U. S. Infantry.
I. H. EATON,
2d1 Lieut. 3d Infantry U. S. A.
Camp on Sabine Lake La, Feb. 28 1833
The petition was refered to the commit
tee on military affairs, and printed.
[FOR TnF ADVERTIsEt.]
Mr. Editor-There appeared in your pa
per ot May the 3d, a scientific cominimica
tion, sigtned Phantasmagoria, which I was
at ftrst rather inclined to regani as a hoax,
but the neat, elegant and sober language
in which the communication was conched
as well as the effect it has had upon the
community, both go to teach tne that I was
mistaiken, and that the author intended the
opinions there advanced as legiimato de
ductions from sound scientific principles,
and that they have been so received by
many of his readers. I hope he will there
fore excuso me for attempting to show
that his opinions will not bear a strict analv.
si, and that they are ulterly at variance
with the generally received principle., of
science. lie says that on the night of the
22d of April, ie saw a splendid phenone
non, resembling a shootimg star, in the con
stollation Hercules. It commenced a few
degress west of Vega-J,yra, shooting in a
perfectly straight line, and ending abruptly
in the remarkable nebula, between Mu and
Zeta Hercules. The circumstance of the
meteor having swlit through the heavens
in a perfectly strai;,ht litne, and being and
denly arrested by the nebula in Hercules,
he regards as sufficient. ground to justify
him ii supposing it not to have been an or
dinary meteor, but probably a comet,whose
centre of revolution was some one or all of
-the stars constituting that remarkable ne
bula; and he happened to see it at the mo
ment when it lost its centrifugal force, anti
suff'ered the greati catastrophe of beiug
drawn to its centre of revoha1ion, 'and ab
sorbed. In order to lrove that this was not
an ordinary meteor, he says, it is a general
law of ncteorie phenomena, that ini their
flight, thev deserihe curved lines with a
downward tendency towars the earth, but
the motion of the body iif'questioni was in
a straight line. diverging tupwards from a
line parallel to the plain of the horizon, and
formning with it an angle of somec 8 or 10
degrees. N\ow in thus opinion the writer is
cer ninly mistake.n, as this law hiold.i amnouw
no other class of me-eors exceptitng that
class called nmeeorites or fa!ling stone,
which alwsays descend in an oblique direc
lion, or in Eurved lines with a downwarud
tendlency towards the eart h; biut that class
of mectenrs caelled .hooting~ stars," seldom~
if ever descemil in curved lines. liut traverse
the heavens in all possible directions. in
aparen tly straight lines. They descend,
to lbe sure, towards the earth, lbut then, their
descent is always in straight lines. 'lThe
celebrated mete,,r obuerv'ed by Cavallo at
W indsor, August the 18th, 1783, was per
haps the most remarkable wimnessed in
mtodern times. It commuencedI in the north
wvest, and terminated in the eouth east. tra
versing a vas section of the heavens in a
(lirecuto nearly piarallel to the horizon.-.
'l'htis celebrated philosopher comapttedl the
distance of' the tmeteor at its nearest point
to Witndsor at I 30 mtiles, the length of the
path it described in the heavens at 550
miales, the diamieter of the luminous btody
at l1070 yards, its beight above the surfac~e
of the earth at 564 miles; and almost all the
great :neteors appiear .o have had abont the
same clevation, lint in ali the records oiftme
te'oric shoiwe.rq, I, find no mention tmado of
their dlesce*nding in curved lines, Showvers,
rif mteteuirs have fallen in A piril and No
vombier in tall ages of the 'norld. Theo
phlanies said that in the year 472. in Novem
her, near Constantmiop'le, the sky appeared
to be on ftre with the cortuseations of the
flying meteors. Mr. Ellicott, 0n the 13th
ni November. 1799, witnessed, bietween
Cape F.loridan and the West Indies, a splen
lid disphey of meteors, and t he satno was
lso witnend fby the celebratedn Ilumbtolt
udn( M. l130mpllatnd, in Soth America.--..
'l'hey sotmermi,tes app'-ar in great numtbers
". the sky over the mottths of voleanos.I
wvitne'ssed myself the celebrated display of
meteors which took p)lace the l:iz' of No
vember, 183-i, and I saw ttothing of the
eiirvedl lines or which the writer .<peaks,
and honee I concltude there was nothing in
h-meteor observed by the writer to distin-.
a;mish it frotm ordinary meteors of that class,
?xcepiting it was pcrhlaps a little more bril
jant titan utsual.
Now let uts examine what are the probia
tilities of its htaving been a cornet, the cen.
're of whose, revoht,i,,n was the neh1.!bi of
[Icreulee; and first let us consider the piro..
,able distance of that nebla 1mrm ths earth.
o be the nearest fixed star,' is. according to
mean of the calcutlationsof Dr. Herschel,
Blint and D)r. lirewvster, at least twenty
nillioni of millions of tmileq fromt this earth;
di dtance so great, that if it were to fall
owards us at the rate of a meillin of mUts~
per day, it wvotuld take it .13 300o years ton
-cach tus. A ray of light, trav'ellin'e at the
-ate of 200,000 miles a see'nnd, would not
'cach us from thoocarestlfixed atar in thrrm