Newspaper Page Text
Fom hk. TaUahassee Floridian, May r.
We learn thal the. remnaut of the Creek
Indins who, for some months pass, have
been collected at Walker's Town oi thle
Apalachieoln, preparatory to their removal
to the westi. have Ogain taken to the woods.
They left In a body on Sunday night last,
about one hundred in all, andi proceeded
down the river in a flat a fewi miles, and
landed on the eastern hank of a river from
which n- large heaten trail leads into lite
forest. Consider: ble appreheniision prevails
"mongthe seitlers in the neighhorinod of
the depredations of these itilives, who
lnve noother means or obtainini, SustennneC
than by plundering the white settlemenis.
The following facts were comin-mmented
to us hy Capt W. L. Lyon, as having, oc
curred on hi8 voyage froin Liverpool to St.
inrks. They evince a reckless disregard
of life and property; searcely exceded by
the attack of tho lwl,-ss Ienneer which it
very'much reseubles. What excnse Capt.
. BusIIy could alled--e Nhr cannonading a
vessel evidently within his power, aid after
Coming uotp wiwh her, diqcharaing volley af
ter volley of musketry upon her deck, wve
are at a lassto determine, Il he deemed
it his dtly to hoard the Oconee, why was
it no done the day previous, diring the
grenter.part -of whili she was in the imn
mediate, vicinity of the crniser's retreat
1amolig the Keys. Such outrages by those
professing to he the protectors of com
Illerce, merit ths severest repiehntision
and pinishment. atntl the ofieer who com
mnitted it, should no longer he permitted
thus to dMigraco the flag of his country.
Extract from the log iook oh the shilp Oco
nee, Wim. L. Lyon, master, houin from
Liverpool to St. Marks, 'lorida
April 25 1828. At 7 o'e!ceL. P. M.
passed the Douile Ileided -;hort Keys.
distant about tlree miles, heard firing in the
direction of the Keyst stpposed to proceed
from a vessel in distress. he firin;r con
iituied at intervals of abloit five mIinte4
and at 10 P. M- discovered it to proceed
from n vsseI astern, the shot Ilhell dropping
along4ide; supposed tle vessol to be a pirati
e. I schoonier, from the fact of lier Oaling
oilt of the Keys at that hour or the nliht
lie ship having been in sight of te0 Keys
for several hours previous. At 12, hatl-d
to the northward. with :he view of ont-mil -
ilg the vessel in base, hmt findin she still
tnined, ani contititied firing 2,ot, at I W'
clock, A M. rounded to, when Xle reci-i
to shots across otr *e, fullowed bv two
volleys of musketry inl itick sessi.
We were then ho.orded hy lite Lieutenant
of lhe vessel, whili providl to he her B. Al.
br'ig Wanderer, Captain 3uslhby, afier va
tious and minute inutliries as to oir owners
r ear"go, conlsiLnIve, the port of dh-partire and
destination. &c. the Lieutenant hlt us Ivitil
o rdlers to lie under his stern ist:il we re
veivcd a signal to muk snil, :s lie visheil
to further coitinicalion n ishli us; smlade sail
inimediately, and resumtied our course.
SAVANN AT, May 1.
Late fro.n Foridi.-From an oflicer of
the aroy who arrived yesterday from St.
Atiutstime, in the Revenue Cut ilr Camp
hell, C;tpt. Cost, we hear.thai Col. Harney
ha. . d ..rp skirmish with Sam J'esc4
Osy. a.ones fled wiih his fllon:
er.s. a large proportion of whon were wl.
1.Inen nud- children. into the everglds, be
fire Col. If. could coie sill will him.
One sqtiu%v was caill51red. from whili Cot.
1I. Icarned that :Sam .loes liad mavde a
Jlnetion with the Spalish India.m onl the
Keys, and that hispaty co -siste f ;
i*l iclozkie., mi:d:2 Semt,inotle,; '!n 1tileek
lladjo, of Trushegeo's t ribe, who had hemci
sen t out to b.rinu in the Semiinoles attnaree
to Sami Jotte's plar:y, haid beent shot by Sam
. osnes, w hichs occa,siotned as seriouls dtil're'nce
between the Mlic kastuk ies andi, thie Seinmioles.
Coa- 11L .ngnin .starmted on thet .Xh)ilan.
days pro)visieons m1 pursuit of' Sam11 . Jone.,, andI
htad uinder Iis comirmnd onhe comipany of.
slragoons, unad live cosmpanties of' artillery.
- Fnto: FLoann..--Uv she sehir. Tsmpir*,
C-nt. Soitharik, in 12 hiours froma --.
A tigustisle, we havye received 5the Floidat:
ti ile l of S:iisril;y la.s.
ti under'standi, iy s lhe f ler:thd, t hat a
few das Ssimee. a lasrge bodly of I n'titeis v;s.
ted I )ayton.., 1stlandit, tnd tinjiti. s- a numti
h elr of negmoes beloingto %.~ i K in:lsly.
Esq. a nd carrii thems to the west side o>f
lhe St..Johnis Hi ier Thle niegro's ehfer'4d
thecir esenpe wile I the 1 indianss were .ii"a.-.
9 ~tdl in killing (asttle, aii enmue io P'l.,i.
A negro womani wa*s left onsti the nil and an
a stenmhiiloat pais-iing by look her ilf."'
F'ort Melon it is saidj is to be abasndoned ,
ai alsoi Fot Pierce.
Troops3 were arriving at St. Auguistgine
datily fromi 5 le south, on their way to thec
Cherokee nation.-Char. M(r.
S-t. Atvusri.i:, May 5.
Wec learn that three soldiiers wecre rercently5
1.ilb-dn near Atlicansopy ;ast w'eck biy Iainis..
,Let ters fmms Newnoanville informrn ss thmi
Ceern is between three and four dolla,rs per
hts,ilbel, asnd bacon~t 25) (rensts per poundis.
'ishe plntttioensand cronps are tiltl aanditt.
ed,. a nd te Iiins hav e (com11plte. posses.
sion of the couny.-IeraI/d.
W'e regret to Ilearn t hat ' inlence lba's been
aulready commsi tted lbyt hie C.herokeens, w'ith
iii our limits. D)r. John IIrss.., ;m itSm--r
lvo<r Ge neralt of the Smti ,, h:i f;st Ii'tt
vism to their hostility. i i is lFerrym an "as
killed, it us stated a fewv liotrs pr'eviosii. a
hle Ferry, froma whence they pweresdedl so
Itis honse. Ib bod wtPl las p)ierced by fou
NK.:w onRP--Ns, M ay9.
Siiferera byj the Pire in Chaurleston ..t
the sessoni ofihe C onnseil last evening, MIr.
Peters mntroducted a prenmbr Ile and resonlu:ion
aippro)primtiog she sIom Of *$2000 to the aidl
of ibe destituto suti'ere rs by thle hate enlamni
totus fire im the eity of Charhe~s,wo; request.
ing the MTayor to transmsi then sanme io the
Mayor atnd Cinnse.il of he cisy of Charles.
ton, to he appilied sand distributedl as they
may (teem) expedienit. We hope, this niobr'e
example, so credasistible to our city, will lie
followved by other Conneiils- Ever readynt
as our eitizens always are, so open their
hands and hearts. nevenr htave they beeni
called upon under' miore negravtnt eir~cums
stances thani the present. WVhastever may
be (lone bsy 11he City, wve t rust that inidiviinu..
al ai4 and exertionus wiill not be Ivscnct...
From the Cor espondentof Char. rcrcury.
\VASHIINGTON, May 10, 1838.
In the House, to-day, a message was re
ceived from the PresiddlIt of the Ulnitet
Stntcq, on the subject of the condilitii o
the Treasury. The President re ireseti.
that it large suin noinally Olie to 1e tren.
sury, is tinavail:ie, being oi deposite will
the States, or due by deposito banks. an<
that there is but about half i millitin inl thii
treasury subject at its disposal. ie urge
Conaress to supply the Ireanry with mean!
for meeting the current expenditures of thi
government, and recommends the passng
of the bill to authorize the issue of treasuir,
notes. in the place of those imitied under thi
net (if October last, nnd pioid back into thi
treasury and cancelled. The mssge wa
referred to the committeo of the whole oi
the state of the union.
Mr. Canibreleng nade an attempt tI
pass over file report on the duel otd ake ili
the pItblic bu11silts-i lit it was inleflTeetulal.
The report w* as azain taken up. and thI
debate was continuil for soe ltime b)
31essrs. UnlerwooI and Titomas, whenl, oi
motion of 51r. Thoinas, tlit report was laii
tin the table by i voto of 202 to 79; an
tile testimony and the j-orial was then or
dered to be printed-189 to -1. So that i
the end of an affair which has constimie
thrce weeks of the piutlie time; and which
inke it iltoacther, will [)il a foul and int-1
fileable blot onl the history of* the louj c
Befnr. Oen. Scott left Washington, h,
l:td nil interview with Jolh Ri,;, a11nd tr!
ci hin to accoinpany himin to the Cieroke,
coniltrtV and unite with him there in eifret
ing a p'eaceable remuoval, oil teris iiit'tal
ly s-itisfatefory. H1e a Rsured osq f* hi
protection in anyl event, and pledgle d himl
sell to suller hii at any itne it) leave, ev-e-l
for tle ptirpose. if Ilo cbose of lei!in- hi
wvarriors to battit.;bu litl1"oss dec-litned Ilh,
overtire, oil the groid 1hat G4.nt. ricol
acted under the orilers of a stiperior to whnji
lit' was ncrountable, who had not to hI
(I oss') kno-wled.g. atimrimedt the overt1r1
11nd who wouhd not hie homd hv% it. Ili
also delhrel Iliat lie w% oildul nt doany hi
whicb wouild recor.nize the: treaty.; 1111t Iiam
licither he not Ihis frit-nds li:nl any idea o
re-sisting its firvible exeitiio. It ap--car
that the Indians are geirallv so hostie 14
lie treaty, that they % oild witlhdraw thei
con.fi.ten.e fr1om)l Ho.:s. ;11iid perhaps t ;acrifii
himt, if lie shothll inl :m1V way voutiilnliall.4
or recniomse it. All l;':otiaiiont istI%%t-l
Riss and tile Presititenit of' the s jcit las
c"'ns:'d; antd on lie 231 iwst., the W1mov:
will ,.m tainneticed under the dii-rticii, c
Tle Tloo-. on nimion of Mr. ( mb
long, vent imlo Colitmiinev of the %% ile to;
the stale of the Union, and11 tookl up th. bid
toathliorizel the isbue of lrt'am.irv N s, it
the place ofthose which have l'en or im)
lie issnetd, idur tlit Aet uf 's.r I
ar. Cambre!'en made a siatoiiit of lilt
Conldillou of the Ti-1,rv,fn aidvuealv(
the la.amrge of tit Bil I as a proptr tani.
for supplying it. .ie st.ted1 that the ina
sore wa,s oily ill ait-ipalion of resource,
which the Government had, though thi'i
were not now uvailable. ''he Goverime
hind twenty-cight millions on depusite itil
tile States, and frfteen millions in the hand:
li7t, %$ ilfiVid ne! m 941f/ I..
perity, and oif a re.,toration of' a -;omlt! .1ur
reic.; nod both lie looked up) toI a siga
lrot, of the %% isdlif of' the Ailaini,r.it. itb
in pe,r'histg in its policy in r4,iw1n i to thl
fiiiances. T.he sitation of' thi' 'Te.IS1111
woul sool l relie%ed h ti., gnraf re I.
Val of hllsiles..
M'ir. Cu~sing ti ppo))se:l the hilIl, and(, ir
replly to M'ir. Cambiihrele'n'., t't; rearledtth:
the r'etuiini:g pro~.peri ty of' 1:he 'oilnttry i.a.
n11 moire to lie at trhiuted to thet t,re w'~*i
the G ove'rnme'nt, thain the rise oft :h,. tide,
.iectedl to Trea.niry N otesas a enrre'nev,' 4or
tilany atc'oiunits, andl deiedC the rigi I't th e
Govertnent; tiidel r till Constitut in, to is
sueo theta no such.
MrIt. Tihiompsni of S. C.. fi',liowed in
veryv longt and 0.itneot s pch in i' 1Oppo-,im1n
to lie Bill. lie said it'thel' reat 4'llb,'rva
phia shall nott he :mantdi . toi li en ab~ous oj
the Admtii:iistrationi ate trtiirmed, wen.' i ,
oroiusly aidhetred to here. noi ti4:t,rei ri t
lifhot the il'' iren-imy coui 41 w hiijle y ..
100, bioi'evevr aml lay ' ltmsO,'vair this t ;e
not wiithhlohil any nere..siry sutpplie... 1i,
hei'.->t' h14 udr'e.e it at iti,na of iii.
Coinstitut iotn andI lteriin in i 2's,! i. .v
I le arigtiud thai the .-'s psriopaie,l ii. s -
tited were& l,his oft cediist.triitly, antIn-e
fore' uinconi.sittittinaI. ft wa ni tot a Itia i.
anitd there was tinoI otier powe~r ill viirt' (i
v.ichiil t he Govien tn(1 c Inh isro, lie
tnotes. except thle pun~ erI 1o ht'rrow moiney;
lIe' st2.estedt, as a beteri mod~e far relie.v..
miiz the IT'eaisry, andit onel fir whlich' Ih'
l''nglanod, or, if' in thli' couttn ',, in hils of
lie ar'guied, the a greal reib-f' ilo the wtI he
"0 51ound1 as I hev nr i''on0it, and ithoditta~s.m
was oine' of contli letice, inot of c'u irey.
The Senate wasi chir'ly enig.(d'ri.lfQ
im the dlispiatch oflihninet,.whiD t'h.'sed lllt:"u
'lThe 11ill to pirovide f'or thle piutli.,bmli lifu
lin the lloutse Mr'. Ilttplinis attempitedl
ry Note's, inisteuid of the HIll btefore the
Mr'. Bell asked leave tooifTr the folloitn ig
antd Meants Ihe insrted('tt to reposrt to it lii
Houlise', forithwiith, :. lI a uth'o'izintg I he
Screl'tairy oh' thte hlTeasury to r1ti, h4' loan41
the sum olf - - dlolars', 141 iuppiv Olt
imm nediate demand;lits up1on thett Tr'entdry ti
inedl whieb, there aire no avaihad meai tiins
Pa r. Cambireleng objected, and Mr. Beli
moved the sutspenisioni of thle rules, ,tpon
which \Mr. C. aked the Y'ens.andI Nays,
which werOie, Yeats #32, Nays 1-') Th~lis
woldt seem to lie strongly i ticaestive otf'n.
v'ersion to the sutittet of a 11oan far t
'1resusry Note Bill.
The Bill for' the ito.nte of' Trea'ury' Niote's
wvas aiga in ta ketn til itn Comtlmitd oC (f t t
whole, arid Md r. Thomapson, of S. C. Conu.
401d his irgiuilenlt ugninas it..
Mr. Rhelt folloVdC int a very correct,
truly eloquent and eff'etive speech, in tu1j
,porl of the monsulre ind in reply to iLt
objections made against it A more
find enortileie speech has not been delive'
nt this semsion It dit-rimn'ntion finanlij
;tbility and pinfriotie tonle, will Ifillo 'Con
mend iiself to the public. Our northern-de
moiitra'titi nmen imnd some of ouiranlti-M
Buren mett were highly pIensec n%itk'iI.O
speelh; for, while it.suppored thesti;
right doctries, it enforced %, ilt great po,
tr and effect, t:ae obligations of tile Statewg1
the Government of the utaion. I lat4nt
tended. if time was lalorded, to give vo,'a
lanie nt -(?fime of1 tile topies whibh Mr..X
MIlrqUed, but fihe manil is abhouit 14o cl IO.e
The discussion is still going on, and a re.
;Olute determination is exhihiied on th
part of the friends of the nil, to carry it
i throtigh tlio comittee to-night. Bu, I
fear, the attempt will fail. it i (lilicultat
this season oif tile year, sini especiallY.'n
Saturdaiy night. to keepl members in 'their
In tho litise tri-day. to the sirl'ris of
some. ir. Hoon orindiaina, n very thorough
Admimistraliont mei,er, moved Ilhestispen
%ioo of the rile; ill order to enlile Ijilipto
I olTr a resolut io t) rescind the Specie Cir
enilar. alter the fir-i or June next, and to
proahibit ian1y discl;fiialion hereafter be
f i ween thli differeiii kindis of Inds take n in
1ymvnicit of Goveroineitt e;es 'Ihe cites.
tion was t.ken. lav ve;t.i aid Nays. anid
tiere nppeared. yes 95. nays ,i3; not ihie
requIiiti tw -thirds. There a1e no( doubt
iwi tlir.1s or boll I Ime'--s ill favor of the
.IlT pr siti"n, l, Cn-sMsd Will not adjourn
% i.naqut i:lopt :r it. 1i is before the l louse
Iweiver. in ;oitther form, as n pari of the
I mill TrenstV: hill selit frfill tile "ielt.
M r. Cambreleng moved thei pesioll
o* tle le, in order 14) elaille tleI ltse in
It.le ip the IBill fit isRtsu! Treasury Notes.
A nd it waq Ir.-eed tO by a vote of more
tha tvwio-third-4. The I'ligs have become
- larned it fihe position in) Vhich they were
0ae 11 pTear bIy Plfr.ihet tin hisspceeh,
Ind now earie.stly disclaiil the intention or
wi: et ci ipple or emb: rass the Govern.
- b'ot, by tl,t-ayil" or re ::sill-a the necessary
slIPPhet's. ihev say now, therefore, that
i a lisell'isioi if* a) fliy or two more,
ry Will aino-e to a41fi-r he (Itir-soin to he
.()it Satur1I'da y nit,. lie .Aminii
'r:-ti Mr n: lmbe' a4 e ted to sit cot the
pteue ,;, :.t file op;lo,jtiim i e aried themn
tlt?. Iv Ill ..,,- it 1ioIoIrS 'i e (f'i tI m ittee
I e 'iv. :1"'l .). spc ( les l:hni . tm e: so
fit , nt l f:I-I , , )i1 l(n o'chleit-4 oil Stiniday
io wlitl':, the io wa ohiiged o adjoa o
Ah'. H..rper. of hio, oi pe to-day n
l:i Bhe Ill. and Allr. lwevs f,liow.el o
S idf.. Mr. linwes.fvter speakin<4
or tenl oi- fil(in n olilv4 m"Jm4-1, r ell iljo
Oe arils of a Inev;m-;I*. :I mi was v-arried et61.
1 1Ii!s pr: 'lue' .n linl!h' conilsion atd de
-li. M whel , :lr. Dilitt, of I11dinal.
ma- i s htll efi solne h ii- iiist-the
Bill. e lital ut few aiitors, for mhtbf
the time, only :evenlty or eii-tv. There
Iif)n prospvclthat flt (1pw1-ionl 'willb -
ken ti-might, imid mdved there will be o
elInrt Io press it.
In the Senate to-day, Air. Webster oi
t :enled somee remonstainees
TiTYEsMilli ~ lw WG ' e ,f- iT ill(og
voilrol of the suljeCt, Would e'ive it their
Al r. Wii:m of Mle., introduce-1, nnQree
;b1ly1 to pri%i' 311.4 liolit'e, 1 hill to4 nutihjorize
tie survey of the Nort-c---n l i''
act-rnhlift Io Ille H:-..;t
poies tt t he II(; ]i,).- shotht he- sert i .
cor'dmjg teo 11hnt tre: 'ay, aid t l-n if' Great
hliriIilin did niod c'iidee iih Ii s ii IiXill,
th amm line' as t'eiundasry, t o Ia ke siceh stepi
Ill y se- li(''.:re ry land preijt'.. 'ja.
The1re ae on (ily "i \ty13"'4 f'-e,ie'i.i OS
.vt,l: iwe.mIg ea1ier eof 1e'h- eef A f'
l:ir'' i Perni, :t:nl Ii;t nie:'h m af 11 f~
Ihemi a2r' pr:-sent am pAl a 1: St lneti*hers of'
Dler:h off1he Ilei.iele .efl;tr f. TJ,a
'(on, l .~ N. l'har.- Di .:u'rs ta I'eru---The
ra 3in i thean f lling' ci 3"e rce~ve l.at (etae
Dl'i~eartment eel State:;
CiNsUE,.'Ir': OF 'TIt' I. S-p.I:s
eel e'anenemtImai tea youi Ih.', eateh ofi ,:as.
114'ire to l'el. Heo arr'ivedl at Ca lnto, fr'omi
\'clpa;r.esoe, in the Unait'ed Stae,- Ship Fl~'e
meourhi , (''apit- 'leKeaeer, on'dm the' 3 . inl--f.
'"el 'i"reelo til he 2:-ib. llis r<m'aIinIs
n~ ee inlItereI o lie t 'he > in,It?i,~ at the iSrii
tie thle 3raivI l-y uma 't:e-ra ii n of' liii ted
Saters. H.aus.:: rnc aie n
'ilnfo';r I y . heeoilwe. of' all the forei.i ve's.
el f 1 :in Cole ;lhv 'ihe memb'eIlersi te the
. )ip1la 1:w je o.arps; by) ~olif(e'rs, aelq' ',ted by~
e' $he lupreme Goer:ltanen: to. Wich'l hel was1
accr''(el ited,I jene 1% by 1)1num e'rons concoueamrse of
In Ic- I,ow. ei tenals 31131i foreigners residentt
ih11. t:ial ;ni C.elinte.
Df - - f Ilena -nio.-W er
r''eni Ile- I;lhnree'' Sunmt. thmair . Thleio
if1iirm lr ediedmi f Phlibi:le'lpia, on iTuesed;ay
a l;trileon. Xh mi a e't. , at thie1 VOidt'd age
eel im Iiy-four get :rs. i'dr. Ba;efl'lir i e(re
u ipeon the paeetsoni of an e'ditor' ill 176:1, 11m
vIe'rsa. 'nazed;l,ce lby then peaclef ad''ri, whiic.h
termIa ina.1teed that bilotidy walr catlied ' h
( !fe l"'rench # a'r"' in1 this cou.Irv.nnmd ''The
reenya' Wart" inl En4ro;m- Duering
our lRe'el,ition, hie was1 Comm)tisarv Gen
e'ral cal I he: Pennsylvanitia Div ision1, mtad prini
Ier to the Cein tieial Conigres- The1 first
was 14 very itnptritnt pubihlic trust, antd
pirovses the high estitmalion inl wichl hEm was
hebl feir imle'iy and1( k toled0(ge ofl business.
'l'he secnd shouws lhat he wsas favonrabily
k3neow''~ ti u' of 114heeorthiest bodies of men01
m ha I eve'r amsseemlldc fihr the irood elf mateekinid.
:.J Po pesue liatIhat.insls helore his denlb, lhe
wVasi I be Oldest mlIIee"r ofithe eitoIrinmI cer ps
mn this c'ounlary, anmd perapIs the onl .erSem
lien hivimg, m aniy manneir diiretly connieer
el i wh tihe biody of men41 tht signed the
Decelarationm of ind!ependremite,
A Haltimore pa1per'navs, at IIunwn Skele
loot han been'1 bronmaht to1 that city f troin the
R uck' v eeuntatins, neatr time hiea'd waters of
time Mslseutur, im height hight feet nite inch
co-. andl weighing one hundred and cighty
-Fn ren t Charlot Mereary.
The owners.of the Georgia Stem Pack
et havd preatly mistaken their oW' Injereat
in treermng th'at boatt to start,tospdvehised,
in,"th'e.saqsicayaolhourwith rhe Puhis.
i.' h is a cont' t. ofV jtilip'.Oillion,
which tg.p~uilWeresen. fotAhere is no
blinking the matter;it Is-we knowu that
heiobjed. is snowpo.y. The efflort is to
Itive the Pilaski.o9t of the trade with 11n0
tiniers, and iho.live- or .passengers,tlere is
ever'y reaton th presume, are to be cndan
gored for thisselAsii'end.
Suah a course cannot fail to impair tho
well earned popularity which the Georgia
and South Carina have thus far comniifan
ded. We kn6w of two finilies who have,
,mi account of this advbrtisenient, adandon
their intention of going in th G. onI the >re
rent trip; and we daresay there are ot ers
who have very prudently determined not to
itcur the risk of nstenm race, or ifappreliend
jog no datiger, are yet iesolved not It CotIn
ln~ne a a barefaced oil afttenit of ntoml>po
ly,-and outrgeout insult to public opiion.
If the nwolers of the Georgin are tolerated
in this mailer the lesmonn of the past have
been thrown awny, antd Sean Boat Di-ns
ters ought not heroafter to encip exciteinenm.
The people will only he paying the penalty
of their own folly.
The contest between the two boats has
not lieeni, nitid is onot iought, by the ownerq
oif the Pulaski. As appears by their publica
tion in tile Courier, were they to chane
tile dav for hlit- departure of their hoat,the
orders are for file Georin to alter her day
itccordigljy, I'OENS1'I TlE IACE.
If. therefoere. pan more steain than is usu
al and safe should he rniqed, 1 he paspiseers
would hie imdebted to the self-control, pru
dence and humanity of therespective Cap
tains, nnd niot to the exercise of those vir
tues by the own'iers of the Georgia. it miust
be evident. that there is less danger to be
appreiheiiled from the boat whib vittlev
ors to avoid the rnee, thins from the boat
which is ordered to seek it. From vint we
have heurd of Capt. Rollins, of the Georgia,
we are sure that lie woild not endanger the
lives of lis passengers in subservicicy to
his employers; but in nvoifingt a race, after
the holis hoad stall ted, he wotild net a2ainlst
the sjirit, and v-ery probably the letter of his
instrteions. The spirit in whib those or
ders grigio.ted, ought to be rebilked and
puisiel. Let those who are ioipellel
to go this trip in otiefir the other (if thbe boat.,
give the prelereice to the Pulaski: and let
he 11:1blie c(oie to the fixed duterminationl
not to patroim- ohe tither line, uil it is -ov
erucd lv it dillereit policy. This is the
coun i of public doily, and is indieated by
no prejiidice oir parii.aility.
Sev-;ral lersons who '%erp to have eone
it) the ( r-ia. have, in vowseclence I ot the
raVe ad1vertiseinit, tnaken passage iii the
Neiulle, & much oft he 1raein 511, n ill, no
dooib lie transti-rreld to the New York he.
Perhaps the Caitain of tho Neptitme mav
hie induced to tMuch at tIle Chliesapeake.-:
Ir so. will lhey order another boit to rucc
him out of it?
Labors of Lotv.-'Tiq an ill wind that
blows nobody good. In one hen se of the
phrase, we trust that our fellow citizens of
Oharleston will find 'he truth of its applica -
tion-uninely, in. the feelings ofgenerous
wMRAi - V11i pe'Aled itai 'ri coii u.
oit ies, in view of their recent sui.'erinlit by
Co.01ngralion. A r'imlit:ee of getiiileme11
info-rmel ni this tmornito;,, hait heir sece
in rotlecting f.. rmm f oenntri:)ution. in a very
imilied Vi!k. hand ilread% lEeen vcry in'spir
it g. & promni,;ed th tiost Iihral resuIts. % e
m:y hem.ent th tep . ilrable ingene ( hat
rem sre. i or obl its this aisiI; tillt it is ch''ermim,i
tto see' I he fruiits of honei voient act io:r alii
Iiimortblt symip;:lhy iino itshiiwessiton awl
Thu Chuarle,ton I!o f</.-Thte adlveirtise
illen tio cotnts't4for i le recottruction of
tins nobtlet edIi hie is- n' othy the at tentliun of
Emi.iste bu) iiltrs. We arme now ill libert v to
hipe thait it will sotn ri ,e UCninu, the orna-:1
ment an prt ide of the eiiy. T1hec eterrij
si ig pmprjiietorss tullI t us tont m a substanz -
naml henth t oni Charlesttn lar prenter i h:int
t ilme emfploymient of so much capital
hope tiegets hope-the tivity. eergy, re
sohitotson antd prtompriilitde itn ine min s.al -
ter' their i.eed, trhrouigh a e-om ~iuirv, amta
iuer.s n al patake.--C('imr. Ale r.
.\Etreu hlitme-stree(t, at fewi door-i*, lio,mi ths
corne'r tl Malngazineu.. Thei ',-itnd was hih>n -
Ig tiresh,a h e t itm e tfromi 11he. NIiorth F;-%r
wh ib aused~ttt theit fit:iiis toi npreadl r*apt I
to thi- adjacenit tiuihtiings. Thei ti re A en imes
andl hose compame buriis ied to1 the spot with
naIl poissible celerity, hut so swift w as ihe,
pro-iaress ol the dlevouringu elemlenit that the
m)t.,t .sItenitlus exert tins of 0our cienn-n
wvere for ai while icii.etua( tll:. TIhe enatire
iirowit of ti otoiry bric'k hi ildings on2 the cor
nier tul Not re D)amie anl 'il.iaiie streets.
coiphrssinil 5 tir (i d wteInintg tittie-, e.e
conisiued thelbre the firse wa';s subdiuoiedi. TIheo
hiueiigt it is satid wuere thei roperty oif .'im
i im. lo. I lodge. Wh lethier nany in.urmancoe
wvas upon1 them wec have nit heairnetd. Th'le
loss of1 thle turniture aind ot hoer valuiale
gootds multsi have biein consitder. ble, as ail
the bushilling't we~re inhablitoed by timitets,
andi( the groil dtors andt back~ y':ards we-re
occuied as O ai.' -intses.
Dhstgructiv'e F'ire.-- A tire broke out in
Ne w i lurk (on ihe II b ih i,. iniIl theEi eoeo
ai blick hoiundedl by PIit, WVillet, l(onvitigtota
and Statonil streets, wihich befohgre it was~
arrested deistroyedi over' twenty twuilolings,
itaid inl the course tif two hours trtned ouit
of hiouise aund hiome ii puvward s of fifty families.
A li-onser--O Niat urony3, oh' the 31st of
Marchl buit, a male cihld wats born tita.
Mr'. .1 ohnt Salistiry, of Wt-3 ,,o b. ini thtis
State, who hatd four oars.fobur eyes, four
arttis, antI four legs! It. diedh the tday aiftei'
its birth. The dupiato,t 'yes ajpe'ar'e Iin
hove thet iia'-urail eyes, in tlohiifrt'eead-...-t he
dunpnlcat ears.just lbehiil the trute ei's-the
oduplicate armis grew frotm below anid imEiii
dliately tiideor t he trie arms-anad thle duplti..
entl' legs spruntg from I he hips and extendedoo
a1 shiort distanee bielow the knees of tho true
Pro-fesusor T wist, tofhe S.C. Clle-n, has
tenidered his resignation, which the Tlrus
tees have accepted, to take place in Decem
EDGEFIELD C. II.
ritUnSDAY, MAYr 24. 1838.
We have received Capt. Parker's com
nitininition. It shall appear in a future
Is it not astonishing that the many awful
disasters which are crowding upon us, will
not open tie eyes of the public! So kindly
does the people take those things,that steamn
iont cantains and proprietors show but lit
tle concern. How else can we account for
the fact. tiat the owners of some of the
boats running fromt Charleston,are attempt
Ing to introduce t/u system of racing, which
has caused such widespread destruction.
We are glad to see thi. attempt denounced
by the Courier and Mercury, and we call
again and again upon the press to do its
duty. If we have discharged our duty in
any thing, tinco we have been connected
wvith the press, it has been in the course
which we have taken upon this subject. A
deep, a fatal delusion seem to have seiz
ed the public mind, and for years past men
have cared but little about violent and sud
den death, if that death was brought on by
the great and mighty potrer oj steam. The
disease is in the public mind, and we can
not look for a better state of things until we
get ito our senses. As long as editors and
passengers will continue their system of
p.ffing. asid regard imere swiftness of tra
Vcllimg, as the only recommendaion of a
boat, we shall have people killed by the
thousamid. To those who set some value
upon their lives, we will give n word of ad
vice, which we have drawn from a general
consideration of the terribly fatal disasters,
with which of late we have been so ofrten
visited. Arab boats wehich are distinguish
a1 as rapid travlb.rs. These are the boats
of. what the world calls, character, and if
they had a hundred boilers, they would
burst thetn all, and sacrificen aihouqand lives,
rather than lll short of public expectation.
11 is a fact that this is the class of boats which
is most to he dreaded, and stran-e to tell,
these arce the very boats that the mat crowd
iA joressimg to gem minto. Look over the mol
ancloly chapter, read for yourselves, and
see if in alimost every instance, (we know
no exception,) theso frightful calamities,
which make on's hairstand on end to think
of, did iot occur " ith boats of character and
reputation. Flee them as you would "war.
pestilence or famine," and if you take a
few hours or a few dajys tnore, to make
your journey in others, rest assured that
there is not one half the danger. A few
days ago, al intelligetit gentleman from
lma smoren ui, tuat ne always took
his passage in the freight boats of the West,
anth liat from exteiisive observations, lie
c"uld say. they furoished as safe a mode
of conve.'anve as the traveller could obtain
in any other way.
TIhe Cincinnati Post says, that our coun
ury is rap.idhy acequiriang a bloodshed reputa
lion thr'oughlouat thie worl. It is with sor
sow anmd shatme we confess the fact, that
therei- is too tmucih reason fur it. Almost
every aiew~spapert im our lantd has a large
pormtioni of its col uumis deCvoted to the details
of our cuIrremit, muilrderous history. Let
every nman~ rced the following, and ltush<
for his coumntry.
,LooK ON 'rnAT PICTUnI., Tiiy.s oe
'Pu ns.-- ll' Lond bill t ofk 1 umcrtamlity fo
lS:i, ginea tu nuimmber of' deaths at "tIwentIy
w;j ihousand-" Thhe,re is nothing remarka
life mi this, butt the fact t hat onlyV one of'
that ntumaber wias gmurdered ' am'l that in
a pocpul uiom exceedling a tmillion antd a
ha l- -tid greuater. by humindreds of thomu
sitnds ilum anvm Statc in tIhe Union, ex'epm
New 1'or-k and~ Penmnsylvaia: lie latiter of'
which, bitt little hmre thtan egnalih. it, and she
hast h-'.s iitmber of tmutrders thtan anv~ oilier
part of the- JUnion. - .
Thlere arie States in thmis great valley, withli
not am st rIi patrt nf'he lipulapttioni of London, ~
whose imurdlers w'ill average onea n'cek thte
/car round ;. add Io tbis tIme comipar tness of
he popuilaion of London is stuc'h, amnd the *
nass ol' est reme povertty s.o gret'c. th at thmou- E
andmts are dr'iven tio thme pe'rpetraion: of crimne
ti ob,ioni bradi, while ini the Statesof't!is
dtlhey it mtay b le obtined abnitost wvithmoumt anii
ftlsrj. If am L~ondon '.f-wie knives,'" and ~
**rkan:as tooth picks" are miot k'nown, it'a'
na ''takes the responsiblity," lie has to
mnaie it cood, even wvith his lir'e.
Mutrderers atre tnt bailed 0out there, and
hmese accountt for it. Inve we nmot an ever
aisting elatter abont the ''march of tmitnd'"
tmi, "tme schioCihnafster being abroad'' in
itr land, amnd atn everlaisting excitemenmt
-e"lt tip oni sotne thmeme, or rallier ptreven-.
img tho4, i fnnh would mindl thetir own bumsi-,
mess, fm'om dimti it 1 Surely wve havye; ammd .
myve we nmot proclatiimed to th-e woirbil m
hionsandsle andm millionsof 1 rime, that we are
li.w most entlighmtenedl people tiponi earth, tun-'
ii somemi :ammnom tna begin to thinik sit ? No
i)ilint of it. Y Ii lie ignotrant and1( starving a-c
nlonigalhioin anid a hamlf in London, comm
mibu omne muarder ini a year; wvf'ile here,
hnong the most einlighmtened people upon
nmrthm, a population of two or three htundred.
hmonsnmmr "'will commit fifry ini thto same I
>e-riod ! '!
"It' ignoranice is bilss,
"Tis folly to be wvise."
Mr. Webster has presetnted to the Sea- b
tie, them mi'miatl of certain, oflicers of the
army, praying Cotngress to repeail a part at
sf the lawv which aillows whiskey to soldiers y
in fatigtue dutty. The testimony of these n
ietittoners to the yaltue of temperance, is of a
heo strongest chmaracter, anud let it sink deep t
mimo the heart of thme reader. It is no new r
fiscorery, that soldiers can discharaa their r
aborious dta without the hel,p of alkohol. n
br we know the fact that the RoWmanl Sol
lier walked under a .weight of about 60 lbs.,
md drunk but vinegar and water, and the
listorian of Napoleon's retreat from Mos.
:ow, declares that the eniperatea lone were
mabled to meet the fatigues and sufrorings
>f that most destructive campaign. But
we give the memorial.
To the Honorable Sena!ore and Repre
ientatives of the United States in Congress
istembled: Tito undersigned, ollicers of the
United States A roty,beg leave respectfully
o represent, that in their opinion, the sub
titution of sugar and coWfee for the whiskey
'art of the ration allowed to soldiers has
>een productive of great good to the service,
ind also lhe uans ofr preserving the health,
-iciency, and happiness, and frequently
-ieetng the moral refornatinn orthat part
if our army. Antd si--o!y believing that
he gIll of whiskey sti. ilkowed to onen on
aticue duty, by the aet of Congress passed
M61arch 2, 1819. not only fails to answer tho
:nd for w hich it was granted, buteontributes
o a great degree to form anti keep alive
iabits of intemperance,the legitimate results
if which are insubordination. disease and
rine, we therefore respectfully and ar
'ently petition your honorable body to re
ieal so much of said act as relates to the
L. A. IRDSALL,
Assistant Stirecon U. S. Army.
A. G. BLANCH 4RD,
1st Lieut,3d RegimentU. S. Infantry.
I. H. EAToN,
2d Lieut. 3d Infantry U. S. A.
Camp on Sahine Lake La, Feb. 28 183.
The petition was refered to the conmit
cc on military affairs, and printed.
[FOR TUE ADvERTISER.]
Mr. Editor-There appenred In your pa
)er of May the 3d, a scientiic comInulica
ion, signed Phantasmagoria, which I was
it first rather inclined to regard as a hoax,
)ut the neat, elegant and sober language
n which the communication was couched,
is well as the effect it bas hud upon the
:omnmunity, both go to teach mie that I w%as
nistahen, and that the author intended tho
)pinions there advanced as legitimate de
itclions from sound scientific principles,
iad that they have been so received by
nany of his readers. I hope he will there
'ore excuso me for attenipting to show
'hat his opinions will not hear a strict atnalv.
is, and that they are utterly at variance
wvith tie generally received principle. of
cience. Ile says that on the night of the
22d of April, he saw a splendid phenomhe
non. resembling a shootiltg star, in the con
stellation Hercules. It commenced a few
degress west of Vega-1.yra, shooting in a
perfectly straight line, and etiding ahruptly
im the remarkable nebula, between Mu and
Zeta iercules. The circumstantce of the
mieteor having swept through the heavens
in a perfectly strai;.bl line, and being sud
denly arrested by the nebula in Hercules,
he regards as aufficieti ground to justify
him in supposing it not to have been an or
dinary nietcor, but probably a comet,whose
entre of revolution was some one or all of
the stara constituting that remarkable ne
bula; and ho happened to se 't at the mo
ment when it lost its centrifugal force, and
ufered the greati catastrophe of beitle
Irawn to its centre of revomionl, 'and ab
orbed. In order to prove that ihis was not
in ordinary tmeteor, he says, it is a general
aw of meteoric phenomena, that itn their
light, thev describe curved lines with a
townward tendency towards the earth, but
hse mnohion of the bsody iris'qutestioni was in
istraight line. diver;:ing upwards from a
ine psaral lel to misc plain of the horizist, atnd
sranitg with it ain angle of srome 8 or 10
legrees. Now its thss opinion the writer is
ter ninsly mistaken, as this law holds amnons
so other clss~ of tas-eors ieepring t hat
lass ceni!cd mseteorites or fallitng stne~s,
'Ihich always descenid in an obliquse diree
ion, or in curved lines with a downwarel
tnetcy toswards the easrhs; bumt that class
if msete'ors c:tlled '-sooting~ stars," seldlora
fevesr descendsl m curved lines, but traverse
hse heavs'ens in all possible directions, its
tlppa~renutly straight lines. They descetnd,
o be sure, towards the earthI, lbut then their
lescetnt is always in straight lines. Thels
elebrated meteor ob'servedl by Cavallo at /
Vindsor, August the 1dth, 17833, was per
taps the tmost remarkable witne.,sedl in
undern times. It commesnen, a the tnorth
vest, atnd termsinsated its the eousth east. ira
-ersmgs~ a vatst sectiotn of the hseavenis its a4
arectiotn netarly parallel to the horizon.--...
lhas celehrnated philosopher com?puutedl the
istnusce osf the mietetir at its nearest point
1 WVindsor at 130 tmiles, thse length of te
a:th it dletnrihsed in the heavenss at 530
tiles, the diamseter of the lutminutis botdy
t 1070 yards, its heoight above the surfac'e
f dte earths at 564 mliles- aitd almost all the -
rcat meteors appiear to have Ih ahota the
ime elevation, bsut itn ai the records of me
'oric shsower't, I, fmnd no menation inatde of
hwar~ deCscntding in curved lines Shsowers
f mseteors have fallen its A piril antd No~
otmbetr it alil ages of the wotrld. Theo- -
hsanes sai that itn the yea r472, in Novem
or, near Constantinople, thit sky appeared
>ibe on fate with the corssseattons of thse
ying mecteors. Mr. Ellicott, on the 13th
INovembecr. 1799, witnessed, hetlween
~ape Florida and thse WVest Indies, a spln
id displaty of mteteors, and the sntmo wvas
Iso wvatnessedl by tihe celebrated lismbiolt
ind M. Bomsplandt, ins Soutth America.
'hey sotmeitimes app.-ar in great numbers
s ithe sky over te tmothis of volentnos.
'sttnissedi mtyself the celebsrated displnv of
leteors whiceh took place the l:3t:a of No.
ember, 183.1, anti I saw tnothsing of the
irvedl lines of which the writer speaks,
nil henice. I cotncluade there was nothing its
* 'timeteor' observed by the writer to distitt
nash it frotm ordinary meteors of that class,
Iceptiog i was p)ershps a little more bril
ant titan usual.
Now lor.ns examine what are the proba-.
ilities of its htaving beten a comne?, the eens.
e of whose* revontisn was thie neh-,!' of
iceules; and first lets aconsider tihe prto
sble distance of thatu nebin tram t h carth,
Strmts, which is thughm!by Plihiosophlers
>he the niearest fixed sltr, is. acconrdin0 to
meatn of the calentlationsof Dr. Herschel,
iou and Drt. Brewster, at least twensty
sillion of mslhiotns of milIes from this earth;
dtau'nce so great, that if it wvere to fall
>wartds us ait the ra'te of a msillin of miles
er dlay, it w-idc take it d13 :100 years to
each int. A ray of light, trav'elline at the
iue of 200,000 miles is second, would not
mhb grs from tho nearert fie ar .n. t ,s.~