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a -q T , .1 . 1 1. A.z*t...II-. "
RK.LAB RD , E ito. We will cling, to di'e pillars
RLL of our liberties,
and if it niust fall we will ist th ruins."EE
VOLUIVMS KID B." ED ly.;F1E,D C. Ill..ge18
VIN-A IMA.2- -2.
EVERY THURSDAY MORNING.
TERMS.-Three Dollars per annum if paid
in advance,-Three Dollars and Fifty Cents if
paid before the expiration of Six Months from
the date of Subscrption.-and Four Dollars if
not paid within Six Months. Subscribers outof
the State are required to pay in advance.
No subscription received for less than one year,
and no paper discontinued u.atil nill arrearages
are paid, except at the option of the Editor.
All subscriptions will he continued unless oth
erwise ordered, at the end or the year.
Any.person procnring five Subscribers and
becoming responsible for the same, shall receive
the sixth copy gratis.
AnvERTisEXESTS conspicuously inserted at
621 cents per square, for the first insertion. and
43j cents for eaci cotitiniance. AdvertisenjetL
not having the umher of instertionss marked on
thrm, will he continued uitil ordered out, and
All Advertisements intended for publiention in
this paper, must be deposiled in the Otlice by
All comnomicationq nddressed to the 1'dilor.
1W (PosT PAID) will be promptly and stricly attend
'T HE undersigned take p)lasure in being
able to stato to .1erchants of this
State, Georgia, North Caroliia, Teninesse
Vs aiund Alabma, who I have hitherto nade
thei- purchases in this city, that ilthoigh
many of us have lost a part of our Gotm(,
by the fire of Friday nihlit, 27th tilt., others
have been so fortunate as to save all, and in
the course of two or three days will resume
business as usual. We invi:e all who have
contenplated a visit to this city, this spring,
to come with the certain calcuntion (if be
ing able to replenish their nsortment, quite
as well as they have been able to do it at
this season of the year.
L. AL. Iiley, Parish Weed 4- Fanning.
* f Co. Gilliland,Son 4- How
Fort, Townsend, c eli.
Mendenhall. [I.qatt. Milurney 4
II. W. Conner. Co.
8-f G. H. Kelsey 's- '. Y. Wlaton.
Hakted. If. Stoddard, Miller
11ii-ral, Lyon 4- Co. 4- Co.
lannistrl Lanneamr. John Van Iinkle.
Jackson, Capers 4- Co./ Win C. Oakley.
Boorawn 4 Co. -I4tch,Fleming A-Co.
Miller. Rlipley ff Co. HaQden,®g $C
-Haviland, Harral 8; Ba er. Fry 4 Co.
Allen. IJas. R. Stecenr.
J. j C. Lawton. Edw. Winslow.
Stevens, Henderson I W. Jones 4- Smith.
Adger. Olis J. Chafe.
Farrar 8 Roinson. in. .Mllikin.
IV. Tinmons &- Son. Iillikin 4 IWlton.
E. Carqon 4 V. )orrance 4- Biglow.
Howland, Ward 4 Jan. Bancroft 4 Co.
Tafp. J. R. Simonton Ar Co.
Casinier Patrick. liiard 4 I'ade.
C. Burckmyer4- Co. |Nathan A. Cohen.
G. B. Locke 4 Co. IN. H. lildman 4 Co.
D. Crocker Ef Co. Starr 4 11illiams.
S. Chadwick 8; Co. t. Day.
J. L. Pezant 4- Co. 'Lord is Stocker.
Taylor & Kennedy.
Charleston, Nlay 3. 14
New Spring and Summer
G OO D .
IE Sibscribeis beg leave to inform their
friends and the public generally, that they
are now receiving :heir Si'Ut[NU AND -I1I
AILEL Stock of* GOODS, consisting of
Black and lue black Italian Lutring Silks,
Colored Gro de inp do
Black Sinchew do
Super. Black Homhazines.
*A good assortment Ladies ihney II-inkerehiefs,
do do do do do Belt Ilibbons.
.adies black and white Silk and Cotton sloves,
do black und colored Hid do
do hlk, white & color'd Cotton & Silk [lose,
do green, white anid black Ganzue Veils.
Plain, Jackonet, Aill. Swiss, & Book .11iuslins,
Figured and Checked do
- - Muslini Worked Collars, S
'lain Bobinet Footing mid Ed2ings,
A good assortment of Print:s, Ginghams and
Printed Jackonet do -
* Plaid Swiss do
Printed French Cambrics,
An assortmenat of Lad(ies Bonmnets,
Bonnet and Cap liibbons,
Fine Satin stripe white Mluslins,
" " embroidleredl do
5-4 and (1.4 Linaen Sheetings.
Atso,for Gientlneen's SummerF If'car,
Black, blue nad brown Unmblet,
BI'ack anid hrowni twialled Stnmtmer Cloths
White & color'd 31dnrseilles & Valencia Veiting,
Bilk Pocket llandkerchiefs,
ALso, Bliack,blues and invisible Green Broad
Gentlemnen's color'd, wvhite and brown half I.oae,
do plaitn and pleated Bomhlainae Stocks,
do do do Satin do
do Linen Bosoms and Collars,
do black and colored Hlosk. Gloves,
4-4 Irish Linens and Blenehed Shiirtings.
A good supply of 3-4, 7-8 mid 4.4 brown Shirt
img aind 5-4 Sheetinigs,
Plaid and stripred Domestics, and Ded Tickings,
A large suppy ot Sumnmer lIats,
(Gentlemen's Shoes anmd Finec Pumnps,
Ladies and Misses Shuoes and fine Slippers,
School Books, Cap and Letter Paper.
Also, a genernl assort ment of
IIardware/ Saddlerv. Crockery anid Tin Ware,
Together willh a supply of
Vaucluse Osnalurgs andi Cotton Y'arn,,
And ngmuy othier articles ton tedious to eninmerate.
5j0y feel very thankful for thei libieral patron-.
n - teretofore received, and hope biy strict aitten-.
tioii to business to tmerit a continunne of the
amne. NIC HIOLSON & PI5-ES LlY.
Ed(gefiehld, March 14. 1838 f
Y l IIO:SE ail LOTI. in the Vilinge of
Edgefield, tupotn termis to suit ai purchaser.
In tmy absecec, a pply to Col. 11ansikett.
A pri 12 ' f 10
iew ?!apring and Suanuner
. 0 0 D S.
r pIE Subscribers respectfully inform
their customers and the pIblick gener
ally,that they have jnst received n large stip
ply ofehoice English, French and Ameriean
goods embracing every variety of sia ple and
Inney g.oods, suited o to*he pring and Sum
mer trade. Also a largc sulty fof Groceries,
Crockery. Saddks, Hats, Shoes and foots,
all of which they will sell ol the most ren
sonable ferms. for cash, or onl crelit to
'lhose who wish to get good bnrgains will
do well to give them a eall.
0'. L. & 'E. PENN,& Co.
Edge.field, Mareh 14, 1828 tf 6
New S1pr1ingand 1%11uniaier
CL 0 2I1iVG.
. F. have ilt received i hetttifill assort
mewnt of (OUS ) for Gettlemein's om
ter Coots, Pantaloons and ists. which they are
prepared to lav made up in the most F.AS II
r4ONA .BLF STYI.E., and onl rensonmhie Ierms.
Also, a general assortment Ready Made CLTo
t;, suited to the season.
IIA4TS. SI1OI.S A NI BOOTS.
1 '200 liiir of Shoes aid Boots embriiacingevery
style :ni %nriety hiv-e jnt bme reco-ivei by the
bsilmcribls', wiich togither with thIeir former
Stock. make a general mid comnplete assortment
seldms foundi iii the colnitrv.
Also. n handisome ussortm'n tit of FiAS1IlONA
BlLF I irs. suited to the seseni. To which
they invite the atteition of their viistomers.
G. L. & E. PINN & Co.
Fdgefield, March 14. 1-:38 tf6
School and Mimcellaneouts
T HE Subscribers have on hand a ten
eral assortment of Sehool and Misel
luneous Bo1/.q, amongs-t which are Smith's
Arithmetic, Smith's Gvogralphy and Atlis.
and Smt.ith's Grammar, which are highly
approved of and reccoumeuded by the best
0. L. & E. PENN, & Co.
Edgefield, March 14, 18:k8. tf 6
ItProved Cotlon Ghts.
11 Esuscribers havin established a COT
TTON GIN MANILFAC:TORY in the
Town of I laionburg, S. C., on the improved sys
temu, of Mr. loatwriglt, beg leave to reconmwu .
their ,ins to the public. They warrant their
Gins to be equal if not suiperior to those- of Mr.
loatwright. (m accousit of Un halteration, which,
in their opinien, is adecided imtprovenent:. .hut
r1xV ~ ~ i tptang i'alking the ribm fof theirl
Gins entiely ofsteel and iron, which have prov
ed hy experience to be prefertible.
M-. Boatwrilht haviig declined the gin mo
king lbl ines in Attgiista. r. L. 11. Coon. who
Cnuucteil it there for hi t. bj'i::g one fof the part
ters in tIel collneern, they will endeavor to give
satisfhetion to all who may favor then with their
[[~ iins repaired it the shortest notice.
C0011 & KE-NNE.DY.
flattlmrg, S. C., Alpril 19. Ct I I
T F S rilers are Agents for the VAI'
T L MANUFA%'TUHIN(m C0M
PA NY, alnd Will kecep con-stan-lv (in handiat Iheir
Store inl llalhIrg, i sppiy of every Article
m1:1anu11etired at that -:stab1lishmle,It. '11d will
sell at F-rtory I'ries. Th o superior q 1aity of
the Vauchise Fabrics is known to all who have
examinIed them, anild they are most contldently
recoiiiiendedI to the Pllic.
If. L. JEFFERS & Co.
11nmhirg, March 2(i. 1838 ~ d 8
tate of1 Solbd Carolinla.
.liz'nhetih Willians, 8'1. Vs. Dillfinr Par
JnImes vliiams and others. tition.
I t ipem ing toi my sati-lheliol, that James
Willin ims, Preter Williams amd (&Ilt Iraige W il
liamis, .ote of the Del fetdamts ill this case r'side
beyonif the limiits of this State, on motion bfy
Wimlbish. Cml itplainat'%, Solwitor, Oti-redl that
they do ;ippear ai p)!enl, anlswer or doiiemur, to
the above tntaed Mill, within three montlis from
lie date' of the itblication. lereof. or the said lill
will, as agninst them, he takeni pro confsso.
J. T1l:luR, c. c. F;. F.
Com'rs Oliev, AI- 17. 1':38 ane 16
S TR A Y E D f'ronm tho Subscriber, at
Liberty Il ill, onl Ithe 2Sth 03' 29thI of
Mtarc'h last, a small sorrel MA IR E Mll L ,
ronteh minnei, ftn or twelv'e y'ear old, andl
has a blemish itt one eye. 1f anly person
htenring or seeing4sneh'l a Muile w'ill let the
Subscriber know of' it either by Idlet'r or
othlern~ ise, sne(h iniformtation will be t hank
Liberty Ilil, A pril 18, 1838 s ff12
F RlOM~ theo Subscriber otn the 27th of
April, two Mules; one a black Mtare
Mule shaved vety imuchl bty the gear, snp1
-posed to be about 3 years of tage; the othetr
nt sorrel borse mule abont the sameu tage.
Whlenm last heardi from they wer'e seen with
two wa'gon at Aiken, 'A renard of' $I0
will be given for the two ifdelivered to Mr.
JTohnathant Steedmran, at Auken, or
L. D-' JOIlNSON.
12 mniles from Aiken on Sou th Edisto,S. C.
May 17, 1838 e * 15
A LL1, Persons itndebtedl to the Into Charlet
. I Thoma.i, d(etsed,. are regnlestedl to ae
patyment ;and sill persons hatvinlg idemtands iagits
thte estate of said decensed itre regneistedl to lpre
senit themt duly attested. JA 8. F. Al )A M 8,
Nov 27,1837 tf' Adi,uinislrator
I IFMte of GI. Aniderson, Sent., deceased, tin
requtestedl to ptres('nt them. andc those inadebted ii
tmake payment within the time prescribhed by lawv
A. A NDERSON, Arimu'triz.
Jan 10. 1838 *., tI 41)
.I 11FCII OF Tl
11ONOR.\BLE' F. W. PICKENS,
On the Cunerornd Road, delivered in the'
llous( of Rolipresenlatives. April 20. 1838.
Mr. Pikens skaid lie did inot rise to litake
what niiglit be called a speech, litt merely
to present somno piaiieni considerations tot
the Hlouse conniected with the -fiances
and the present condition of the Trcasury,
to show that, as prudtent men, n%e ought at
tea-,t, to stspend lhis appropriation for line
year. But hefort- Ite entered upon chat to
1ie, he desirolto pav his passitia respe-:ts to
whiat h-I rm athlie gentleman rron Ken
ticky. (Ar. Calhooo.) IlIe would vall him
his friend, for dhre vas no eentleinni in
the Ilouse to whom lie nul id soponer use
that word. But he mult be permlitted to
say that the gentlemaiiu iad cerwiini de
livered a v,cry extara-r4inary speech.' lJe
comm) fliet'ced by saiy" .ing thait his volleaguie,
(Mlr. Underwood) and hims-ief dl' erel iafe
ly on iny questions. That (in this sulb
ject his colleaguf- was for somie general and
equal system. whilt lie was iterly opposed
to anly un.just. Ilt-qual, and cornpliltog, bit
very timen in l1avoir of this particular SYS
ten, aid hu weii so far as to say lie would
be in favoor of ainollitr which might be
propos-d to connet Ohw soithern Se 1jortls
with dhe interior Vte-l. Now. (AIr. P.
-said) hie would prefer the r ote of his col
league (01r. Underwood) to liq'spech.
lhe one is with us in theory, huri against
us in praelicv; while the other gives us the
reverse. The olte is with ifs inl teOry
whieh reverses Oh old doptrinie rK the gen
eral welfare. atio goes in part for the particu
lar n%ell'are, thus iturni"g the Onistitutionl
tipside down. If his practice were as good
as his selmltinlts, ie would have iiothling
to comphain of. The gi-nleanti (Alr. Cal
loon,) has ako very prudeitly thought
proper to declare his sentiieatils (in the tiOn
--he is utterly olp)Iosed to ally protective
ta ill, u:pion prlil ilklt, as unjut to others
and injurious to Kentucky aind that this is
is the sontiiment olfhis State. Al r. P. re
turned the vee:Ilemtian his thanks fhr these
anid hoped that lie should hereafter find him
-v)plymng the satle theory to thnt subjent
dhal lie hlad done' to inlerial iiprovemienttS;
that ie vould not he found against all gen
eral taril, but 1ihr any. patrtictlar one that
night he proposed; he hoped ho w.nid
ratain, s..th-arnuLt-.-am ni am
tovusfarit. Togentlemlanin hand also alb.
d(A to another d -licate subject, ot, whiel
lae uttered some high sentiments in relation
to Kelatuek beinle a border State. and that
she iiight again he re-chrislieid lie dark
11andl bloody land, lie defined his positiiii
nobly upon this point; hil Al r. P. was sat a
loss to understati tie n hole lleanlilg whenvi
he wenlit oil to spetk of flt People. on lith (1
sides of the Ohio being bound ltoUether in
once de1C..y, whiich nlo circumnsinnieentoui
alter or separate; tha upon tile delicate
doiestie uItoestion to whieh lie alluded the
States north oftliat river had done all that
could be desirell, and woul alway- to so.
lie would leave it to) the t tleillsim to ex
plain hon% lie cotld recoaaelle this %%ith his
allusin n Ken) ckyliiaok' eComlinlg "';a border
and frontier State.'' whivii lie eallad tipon
tie Souithi to rally anll dlefnt.
Iut tile et a n (AIr P fcolntinuilel) lad
givei a reasoii for stipportija this bill.which
W;as aistonishinaa: he ';ail thlia, tre,. no piart
of' tlh road would run thro:gi Kenitky:
ya t si rail aliong. not Car froui he#:r horder,
through iliec States; am0 it wvas well kmowti
fiha retail stores v.tuld have lo be ereeted
fiar the workmnen and contrsletors, and illi
these would be suipplied in arlt froatm K v.;
antrd thus she n totid receive tlie drippill'gs.
Ntiw Al-. P. said haital heard, lunler a fte
obl Constittion, iii North Carolina. when
her negroes were allowed to vote. Iha thI.-y
e'otld be botight with drams; hil thi was
the first time that he hald ever heart ol' a
whole State. aid stel a State, 1o. withl)
.s brave antil lieroic a People as ever weti
io battile atil to vietory in any a-,( or in any
-olntr% ,heinig dragged Ip he foro tlea shiamai
blc"t of' grotg shotpsa, anal lior gailin tm snts tip
en is tloor aeaitng ais auactioneears, whlere
n~ hole Si ares andt se'tliotns wereo ta hae bou tght
tad sohal. Th'lis was dlaong inij'asaice to his
tLhere Air. Catltoon explaineda. anal said
lae htad den'uied t hat this mative was to ta
Iluenice Kentutcky itn her v'ote, but lhe h;ad
mtei'elyai anarodu'ead ahias via'w to shotw atat
sIhe wans aei;.d interestedf in the' aippraopri
Ital.n as5 suppalines wVoi ha iivt tot be fatrnish
ed froti Loiuisv'ilIe aniid other lownis &.J
Alir. Pickiensatiinnead aan,I saida, perihoaps
he htad aued stronger' langutaxge I han lie gen-'
ttimant hadl iased, but tat lie haid expIretssedI
his iadeat. Now uponai this paint heo (AIr. P.)
wats glad to haar lhe exellet speech oh' the
Ka'epresetatve fromti Lauia.ville,(Alr. Graves.)
what cearbminly ought to kinowt thle iterests
of hj constitutttas. ile retuirnead Ik thanaks
tao ir. G. for htis weol -exparessedI t'i seimtsli,
anal atso for' his vo(te tuponl this hitl. Heia
hopedt it indaicatied a ntew staretof thtings.
But the geattlemtan (Mlr. Calhtooni)haad vted,
andh was aagaiinst tla'he apropriaitioni for this
nroad Iast year, and now gives as his reasona
foir that opphositiont, amnongst othcr rans,
that there wits then a mnajotrity of' somtie 30
voites ini this Ilouso- fiat Allr. VTan ilureni. tanda
lie theni feaaredt that the mtoney wuvtldth becor
ruptly spenat tto purchase flavor anud sutpporit
thtroughi the douibtful States.
Now w'as the genitlemia (confitiued Mr.
P.) aware that by -this reasoin lie 'irnisfied
the motst ptowverfal atrgumnlt th.it could fia
uadne'ed againisa thae wholoe systemt-i hiw
theo mrioy tmight he'a mitnadered in a profli
gala' tutiner f'or paolitienl purpmoses? Is he
aware that, by thtis relashat, Ite now shadoawn,
f'orth, ini no doubtltf'ul miannier. thte vietvs
tt hiebt ruay now iofluence too many in their
32 this hill at this moment? ie
Xt ho appropriationI last year, and
tam reason.; and now, forsooth,
is appear: he is agaihnst his col
Sfen river appropriation-this runs
dubtfuleountry---:.-ll oil one side;
( P -saidhe knew this w.vas no mo
tl tihe, geiltleman himself;) he is
a il general systems or internal im
prC~ lts by this Government; but tie
4"aC oind runs throuih three Ioubt
s! he is for that particular road,but
n ppropriation on a general sys
te r. P.,then said, gentlemen might
he'.. ken, they might votemillions inl
ti tion, and novertieless they would
ha elose struggle with the iuntiog
"hi , (he menti it in tin disrespet,
b11t iaie derived from the revofution
ary 'Inivers of Gen. Morgan,) who were
the (' lower.of that hero who had defended
thei , fintv and led them to victory du
rinKii Itnist war. Jud-ing from npiear
line 7he Vould suppose appropriations
coul&hot control or hiy their votes. Mr.
P. 'nbOIe must coneiss thalI tie gentileman's
(Mr., glhoon's) specch placed him in rath
or I wkward situation, siraddling ns he
did hio. with one foot on each bank.
It w. nnatural to him, and contrary to the
aen ,frankness, and open integrity of his
cha or. lie had not policy enonali to
be, i ; and had nor hypo- risy etiough
to e i,with eveni n thin veil, his oh
i.ect, n he spoke of political influences.
Th- til speech was a complinott to
the lP4ssness of hia heart. But, Mr.
p. S his principal object in rising was to
lra% attention ofthe House to the pres
ent e of the Treasury, in the embar
rass te of thlIIgIsin many parts of the
C01n1 In relation to this point the gen
Ienz rom Maonsaeuseftsi* (Mr Cashing)
h!ad -down fihedoctrine that it was of
no c qiuenice whether the Treasury was
frill mpty; it was snot worth considera
tio he proseenmion of Liberal and eat
lar .icy; fhe state of thfinances was
a*: f perfect indiferitce. &c. Now
Mr ught this was stra-nge doctrine.
H pply it to private affairs, and no
n aet on it withoit running to pro
t bankruptcy. lie said, let the
ei anve an estafe, from which he
000 income: if lie winted a road
ovedtent or convenience, which
V Lhim $3,000, would he not con
' dreihe woull execute it, antI
es al fidyelds $3,000. nnd another with
i ieldiin $5,000, should he inited
iht rt,.and tha the whole three should
enfer .1,ra gem-ral compnet that the whole
shadi e maiagerl by them jointly for the
ni t41'henefit of eacl, and that thei second,
whhld the etate vielding $3,000 shtitld
like*iie desire n enalil or drain that would
cot4,000, which would lie 81,001) more
thna his income; to obviate this difliculty
the first would sny to the second, let us
come to an agreement that my road ihall
he opened and your canali shall be dag, al.
though both ,hall !ost S7,000, which will
be $2.00 more than omir income WVe enai
di this hv taking it fromi the third est;tme
which has an income or $5,000. And thus
ly this oper ition. the tw-o who have a joint
incomne of S5,M0 wohtili !et 7.)00 ini the
appropriatimi. And lie oie w)ho hald an
inicome of $2.000 w%ould lose $20 in Ihe
odivisin of the joint iinome. And this(Mr.
P %aid) wouln hl noiing more ior less
ilhan swindling and plinder. under cover of'
Sjoimt coitrar made at first with lie real
iiteition of mutual lieneit for all. Yet.
in the system of collectiot and dishsme
mients, under this Government, this had
been precisely the operation toponi this Coil
fCederacy. Well m:vy the gentlemai from
.M wacu-lset (Mr. Ctshing) go ni a eii
lrated and liberal policy w ithoit reference
to the state of fle- Treasury, lIe said,
%fhat might be very enlarged and liberal to
him, might lie lie reverse to others, who
had to mke payients. le he2ged to lie
excused from this kind of libernliv.
CMshing) hal jst called iipon is colleague
(Mr. Clowvnev) to remieumbler shut the able
report from the Secretary of War (Mmr. Cal
houn) originally was the great foundaiona
of this-systema of internial imiprovemefnts.
lhit let it- be remsemblered that that rep)ort
wsas maide minder a special resolution of the
Ilionse of itepresentatives, directimig the
.secrebary to make a report uiponi somo gen
erail systetm. Ilei acted nusder orders fronm
thsi's )outse, amnd rese'rved time Constitution
al questin as to 1he piow~er'of' this Goverti
metntover the m:stier. lIe aetoel ts hie wsas
hound to do imn his ohl1ial capacimy. Blut,
Mr. C. said, it was imniiterial to him whoc
proiposedl the system; it was a matter of per
feet indiflerenco to hsims: he hadl seen~ and
exp)erienedi its operation; and nio aurhority
couild indnece hiin to adopt it, or sanction ii
by his vote. Mr P. said. it w'as not his piir
piose to eater- into a disenssion of its oriaim,
or the powvers of this (Goverunient on the
subject. ii was too late in the dlay to raise
nyp the Conistituition from thle tombih, and ina
v -ke its sp)irit against the lawvless dishur-se.
maents ofi his Govemrment. They had pint
grossed too 1far, atnd enlisted ton areat
combination, to lie checked byv appeaks e
of'thist kind, lHe said you mih as wtellna,
tempt to bitnd downm a strong man wviii
cobweobs, a sto arrest the couarse oif event
oti thuse appropriamions. hmmt there was
meis@ure witth which he wsas somewhli
idenBiled; which oght to have somte inuflu
ence uipon aentlemen in the course the
wecre to purs'se. lie allindedl to the suispen
sioni of' the fourth inisitlmenit tinder the hat
e~Iposite law, which wouldl berome due o
di t' r-anuar , 18:39. ife brouent thi
to y' upon'th ame primnciphi lit-at th
.kwaters ontheo Western prairies arrost lih
progress of fire, by firing against it. it
would he retenteredl that the fourth in
stalmen amounted to $9,300,000, & would
be deposited with the States for their use
under the late law, on the 1st of January
1840. lIe contended int i s the inter
est of niost imemblers to husia the resour
ces of the Governnent, so ns to meet this
instalment. Here wits a bill now propos
iag to distribute S459,008. in equal propor
-ions, to Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois. They
might go for it. But where was the inter
est of Pennsylvania, New York, Massaehu
betts. Virginia, North Carolina? If they
would untite in suspending those appropria
tions that would bear suspension for a year,
they could get their prnportion of ihis
$9,300,000. And if they did not unite.
they would lo;e all. He contended that
this road might be suspended for a year
withou? any material injury, except per
haps to a few individuals. And msiuht the
Ilarbor.bill, the Fortifiezition bill, atnd other
bills; nod lie said considering the state of
the Treasury, and the e:nbarrassed condi
tol of things it many se-:tins. they ought
to be suspended fhr lte present; and even
Ietlemtien who supportecd them might.with
greht propriety, vote for such a course un
der presenit circumstances. He warned gen
tlemen who were identified with the for
(ties of the present Admiirjistration to be
ware how they voted large appropriations.
Their opponents would in inany instances
eagerly go for heavy appropriation,i evn
if it left the Treasury perfectly destilitte;
and they would denounce you for yotir in
beclity, ind treat you %tih contempt for
the very embarrassments they had aided to
brimg upon you. Mr. P. said the true
strength of the Administrrttion at present
was t real refornt and retrenchint, and
their weakness was in heavy zisimrsements
and ant embarrassed Treasury. Thos%e nho
lookett (or ste ss in tlie present administra
tion ought to withhold appropriation:s this
year, at least except on those measures ah
solutely necessary. Let thei make no
calls fornew Treasury totes-britig the ex
pentitures within the income. Upon this
poiunt Mr. P, said he was glad to hear the
chairman of the Chetnittee of Ways and
means explaim that he (lid not intend to ask
for any niore Treaisury notes than wereau
thorized by the law of October last- that lie
only desired to'i'e-issue those which had
been reseived into the Treasury. For in
stance $4,000,000 had been received. He
tinece*sary; I'n e conthigencyt la~
thle other 86,00,000 should be received in
the year, to re issue them, if there were no
other funds iti lhe Treasury.
Mlr. P. did not exactly tnderstandl the
bceolnl lill on that subject, but lie declared
he would not vote for any other Treasury
note bill; it was not needed, if this House
n ould only suspend some of the unnecessa
r) appropriitions. lie said lie had not
voted for the Treasurv note hill passed last
session, and did not like ever to vote for any
of them. lie had no l);rtietilar ob)jcctii)n to
carry out the intention of Congress in the
act passed at the extra session, and in al
low the re-issuing of what had Ieen receiv
ed, so as, int part, to allow the Treasury to
atiepate its reventies I*cr the year 1I8d to
the amtourt of $10,000,000, but in0 nore.
le was itduced to allow this, beeatis Con
gr1es1 had extendea indigenlee on the cils
tomi-house botids, and the revenue from
that quarter would not folly bein to come
in nt;l the two last qutarters of the present
year; it was nothing but right that we fiould
provide other means for the present; lie
soie wv hat preferred an old fashoned loan,
bitt it was a matter of tio great con-sequence
Ile would tell gentlemen there was nothing
mtore unpopular im the South than too man
Iy Treasury note bills. Il'the appropria
tions went much over 523,000.000 in reali
ty Corw this year, ineluding the $6,000AM.0
for the Florida wvar, there would be conflu
sion and embarrassment and weakiie.s.
lie called upon gentlemen whose hearts
were devoted to the stppiort of this Adnin -
istraiion to nattse in this mnatter, and itie
inl withholding expenditures at least for a
year, if the.y w ishid to sustain themselves.
Bielore he took his seat, Mir. P. stad, he
lie would make a mnotioni to lay thle hill on
the table, wtith at view to po)stponte it utili
next session. lie thought sme tmight vote
Iir this couarse with thast view, who miazht
sustain (lie aippropriation, if the fluances
wetre in ,uieh at state as to auithiorize it at
p)resetnt. litt, takfiing every thingj into con
sideration, this was onie of those works
whieb mighit boar a suspension for mane yecar.
Ilie then mnade t he nmotioni, but siaI,'as lie
hadl extenided his remarks much fturther
thatn lie had atny idea of whten he rose, lie
woui withdraw his motion, if any genitle
moni would requiest it who desired to reply
to hiim, p)rovided lie would- renewv the tno
From thse Genaesce Farmer.
CULTURE~ OF CELERY.
FRIENn TUeKER-In forwardinig you
- he amounitt of si.hseriptiont for the tnext vol.
atume of your valuable paper, I w'ill fall nt
f least a part of the blank paiper, with somet
- retmarkis that tumny be of use to youtr tiumer
ti as readers. I shall, of couirse, leave it en
t irely to your discretion. wvhether the scrap!
SI forward yotu, lhe worthy otf publlication c1
t not. There aire nmany useful planits, which
- are easy (if cultivation, anid which wottl
y .dd greatly to the health, variety anid econ
- omny of the table, if they wvere more eener
e ally initroduced into our gardens. Amoni
ni the great variety of edlible vegetables, thos
a w hich cnn be rendered available for w"into
e use, are of the first importance, as that clas
e is comnartati-vcl smallt and vegetahle
searee in the winter season. Many of
these are neglected, for wat of knowlevce
how to raise, poreserve and prepare them or
use. Celery i.' a plant as easily raised as
cabbage, and ns ensily preserved, and may
be used as an excellent sailad through the
w-ljole winter; yet how few are there who
raise it, or at all know its grmd qualities?
Some years ago, I becenme theoretically ne
(juninted with tile character and culture of
this plant; but such were the seeming dif
dertake its culture. Alore subsequently, I
made the attempt, and succeeded very well
im raising it, bul lost all mny labor by not
knowing how to preserve it. I adopted
Cmthers ptan of placing two boards in a
roo-like position on the top of a ridge; but
when I cattle to trke my plants they were
all rotten. This failore canu%ed me to aban
don raising that plant for several years; but
being fImid of the veSetable, I aunin nf
tempted its cultaire, and look the most sim
ple plan for its preservation, In'd -ucceeded
to mny entire satistnction. Since then. I
raise it every year, and have it onl the table
every day through the whole winter. I
will now proe:cl to give a detail of my
mode of raisimg it. I sonetic seed in' a
warm situation oi tile first of April-a few
seed will suilice, as I00 lilsts will make it
pletily for a common 1;,iimilv. In fie latter
part of June, or first lav of July, the plants
iust be set tilt; let the trench lie prepnred
as follows; for 100 plaits, dig a trench 50
fbt int legth, and tenl ine. s deep-lie
width of the spade is anlicient. In this
trench put itwo inches of well rotted ma
nure, or rich vegetable mold. into which
set the plaiitsu 1mibes apart, and imimedi
ately after setitiX, waier them. If tIII
plants are covered by hyiig boards length
wse over the treitch, for t wo of 1hree davs
and watered eacli day. it will treatly faeil
iate their srikingm root, etid insure their
growth. As lie plants grow, gradualIVlly fill
Iup the trenchti. atiid cnmi e tio earth ihem
up every two weeks lil 1i*il, takiig care not
tio cover the top bud. By tiulS earthing up
a ridge ol --ome two feet or 18 inches will
be raised at the emil of tle seaso nhout the
tune of securing cabbage, celery m ust also
be secuired. I always choose a titme when
the ground is wet, aod begin at one end of
the ridge, and clear away the earth, dig
them carefitily ip by the roots, with as
nuclh dirt ms will adhere to them, and pack
them.away in the cellar, placingthom in a
%V%%out any fmr:her attention ; aid i re at
all times handy for ise. If any admirers
of this plmit should be so unforttnate as
not to have a cellar. I presume if the
plam- should be taken pll) as diseribed. and
packed in the same inautier, they might be
successively preserved by coverimg with
dirt,-in the satne way that farmers cover
their potatoes or turnips.
A most valuable invention is said to have
Ieeti iade by a laborin- man in E.igland,
ol a steam engmie possessiing great power
and occtipymng a very imitied space. In
time description furtished by the Albany
Daily Advertiser, we think we find much to
recommend this ew engite,, particularly
in cases where slince is of great importance.
It is also said to be very cheap in construe
tion, while tile principle Onk which it acts is
The steim is ndmitted through a hole in
a hollow circular belt, (attached to a wall,)
upon whiclih it revolves and it works by at
diagonal ation against atn upright piton,
beimg forced otit of the pressure by a diago
nal plate whicb divides the interior into
two portions. 'rite rotary action is beatiti
fully managed by meaas of a perfectly
sphirical stemn-light jioint, at the end of a
fixed inclined aria, towards which jitint the
upper and lower surlile of the interior part
of the cylinder are made to slope, after the
forn of the exterior of atn hour glass. Up
on these the diagonnm perorms its revolu
tione, -uchl movement etiting permitted thro'
an openig. (from the eirunference to the
centre,) e<ptmt in wvidth to the thickness of
the befojre nmned ttprightt piston, up anud
dotwmn the sides of whlichl it ctontitlnally works.
TIo thle centrte of the bott om of' the cylinmder
is fixed a shaft, havimng attnehed to it a
wheel which conu tnicaites the tootin1 that
tmay lbe r'e<pired-nd t his is till the mna
chinecry iof whtich it consists. Patents have
beeni taken out Oil tile conttinient as well as
Great Britin mtid t lie enginet is nowv pubilliC.
ly exhibiited at the British Alkalh Works at
Tu'ai S'rt Sm.-Th'ie Bark Cambrjdgr,
at Boston, on Tlhurtsday, spoke on the 18thi
tilt. whenc' in latitude 43. lontgitutde 5~0 30,
the berig Mladrid, from ft otterdaim taonnd to
Phiiladelpjhia, whtichi repotedl having spo
ken on the 14 tilt. in longtittmle 44, (another
aecount says latitudie 44..) the steamer Great
Westernl, Iromi New-York (May 7) for'
Bristol. ie n h.che case, samys the New~ York
star, rhe hadt mtaide 1300 tilIes in only six
days. She will perobafely arrive out ini
telve days, tis sIte had 4010 tmiles additional
tto make in the sucetditg six days over theo
rate she had been going at.
Rise in Lake E'rie.-lt is stated in the
Clevelamd (Onzette of Satutday, that the
waters of Luke lirie, at that point, tire at
least three andt a half feet higher t hate they
were thriee years ago, atmi tene atid a half feet
albove the level last year- A rise is also
said to be observable in the wvaters of the
U tpper Ltakes. hiere (says that paper) is a
probletm for mewn of science to solve, if they
can. Is thecro any thing in the popular
notion of a rise amnd fall-a tide-once in
seven years? Are there any authenticated
facts or observations indicating such a tide?
It strikes us that the phenomenon is a curious
one, and worth in'vestinatiog.