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4.L1ND , dtr We will cling to the Pilla." a temnple of our liberties,
- ~and if it must fall we sh amidst the ruins.,,PB"HE E K Y
* L.JUE 3. -DE BEoDom,. .)Jy ,188
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New Spring jand Sumnner
W , E havo just received a beautiful assort
V ment o GOODS for Gentleien's Sum
mer Couts, Pantaloons and Vests. which they are
prepared to have made up in the most FASII
IOtN -. 1E STY LE, and on reasonable terms.
Also, a general assortmeut Ready Made CLOTn
INo, suited to the season.
- HATS. SHOES AND BOOTS.
1200 Pair of Shoesand Boots embracinge4very
style and variety have just been received by the
Subscribers, which together with their former
Stock. make a general and complete assortment
seldoin found in the country.
Also. a handsome assortment of FASHIONA
BLE H %ITS, suited to the seasson. To which
they invite the attention of their customers.
G. L. & E. PLNN & Co.
- Edgefield, March 14. 1638 tf 6
New Spring and Suamner
- . GOOSDS.
T IHE Subscribers respecillully inform
their custonmersand the publiek gener
ally,that they I-- tjust received a large sup
ply orchoice Et,ssh, French.and American
goods embracing every variety of stapie md
fancy grodle,-suited to th'e 8pring and Suit
Mer trade. Also a large supply of Groceries,
-Cmckety. Saddies, Hist,;koeas and Hoots,
all 6rfwhich they will sell on ih nost rea
sonablo terms. for wsh, or oti credit to
Those who wish to get, good bargains will
do well to give them a call.
(.L. & r. PENN,& Co.
- Edgolicld, March 14. 1838 tf 6
School and Miscellaneous
11E Subscribers have n hand a gen
T eral -assortment of Schooi and Miscel
laneous Books, anongst whiclh are Smith's
Arithmetic, Smith's Geogr:iahy and Atlhi.
and Smith's Granmnar,-which are highly
approved of and reccommended by the best
G. L. & E. PENN, & Co.
Edgefield. larch 14, 1838. tf 6
Improved Cotton -Gins.
H E subscribers havinig e.stablished a COT
'TON GIN MANUFAWTOi'Y in the
Town of Hamburg, S. C., on the improved sys
tem of Mr. Iloatwright, beg l4-ave to recomntt. fid
their Gins to the public. They warrant their
Gins to be equal if not supevrior to those, or Mr.
. Boatwright, oi accolit of atun alteration, which,
in their opinion, is a decided ilmprovement ithat
is, inistead of blocks of wood on the ribs. they
- have adopted the plan of miaking the ribs of their
Gins entirely ufsteel and ironm, which have prov
ed liv experience to be preferable.
Mr. Boatwright laving declined the gin ma
king business in Angusta, Mr. L.-B. Coon, who
conducted it there forhim. boinag one of the part
ners iii the concern, they will cideavor to give
satisfaction to all who may favor them with their
[C~P Gihs repaired at the shortest notice.
COOB & KENNE-DV.
Hamburg, S. C., A pril 19. tim 11
JOI.OGNE, in small bottles assorted sizes,
~YHermitage 1:xtract, Florida- Water,
Ess. Cinnamon, t )tlof Cloves,
Fancy Perfutme Vials,
* Bear's Oil, Kephalia,
.N. Smitht Prentiss' Saponacious Com
pound Fancy Sonaps,
Naples Comnpon'nad Shaving Soap, &c.
- Just received anid for sa lehby
NICHOLSON & PRESLEY.
A pril 12. -tf 10
SMIT H'S Arithmetic, Geography and Atlas,
and Grammar. antd a good assortment of
Schoo.l and Miscellaneous Books. atlso Letter and
Foolseap Paper, lunk, Quills, Slates. &.c. &c.
Just received and for sale by
- NICHOLSON & PRESLEY
A pril 20 tfl12
S M IT H'S Grammar, Geography end
SAtlne, on the Prodnetive System. Also.
Smith's Practical and Mental Arithmetie,
with a variety or other ScHooL. Boons,
ny be found at the Store of
- C. A. DOWD.
March 7, 1838 tf 5
Bissltria Cotlections of M. Carolina,
Ill B. R. CA RROLL.
T ilS .v ork is now ready for delivery to Siuo
scribers at the -Store of' C A . Dowd, in this
*place. A few extra copies for sale.
Nnovembher. '1R37 mf 34,
J UST Received a fresh sup ply of INDIAN
PA NA CEA at thie Edgefield Medicine Store
Edgefteld C.11I April 3,163 9 tf
ORDERS No. 74.
Cor.unA, bil June, 16dd.
Tie following Riegimtent-s and Corps will
parade For review und drill at the respec
tive times aid places IolIlowing, viz:
old field, ont S;aturday the 21st of July.
The luth Regiment of Cavalry at Bel
last, ont Tuesday the 24th of Jily.
The 360 Regiment. of' iniimai ry at Kel
ler's old field, on Thursday ithe 26th of Jilv.
The 9th Regiment of rintimtry at Long's,
on Saturday the 28h of July.
'The 24th and 2tih Regiments of lufan
try at Winisboro" onl Tuesday the 31st of
The 6th Regiment of Cavalry at Yoigue's,
ont Thuirsla the- ?tid of Angusit iext.
The 26th an1d i2 It ilegirunent of Iufant
ry at Chiesterville, on Suturday the 4th of
The :34 Regiment of Infantry at York
ville, on Tiesday the 7thi of Aigust.
The 4tith Riegiment of Itlufantry at Ebe
nezer, on Thuraty iihe 9th of A ugust.
The 33th Regimeti. f .r iifntry i Union
C. Iliontse. ott Mombiay tie l;3th of August.
The 45th itegiment ol Inlatimtry it tie
Burtit Facrory, ont I% ednresday tihe 15th of
The 1601h Regiment of Itfhntry at Tim
ion s old field, on Saturday file lthi of
Tie 37th itegiment of Iiitry, at Wit
kiii's old field, otil Tuesday the' 21st of A ng.
The UtI Regiieti of CaIvalry It GArIIyS
oli field. ot Thuirsday tire 23rd of An igust.
Ihe 1st Regiment of iryi a t r
tOn's, oin Sattudthiy the Ist 4ii Septi. next
The 3rd iReim-tt of lfaiintr at Tuney's
old store, o Tu'resay tihe( 40 h oh -:eplrmber.
The 1st Regiment if Cavalry it Pickens
ville, onf Thriday the (ith ol September.
The 51h Regimrrenrt of itrlfa1rv at lirni
ter's, ott Sitirday the 6th of September.
The 2nid Rte'g-iment of luf1arv at Hal,
Ott Tuesday the lith i Sep'itemb.rher.
Thie 42m Regiment of Iinfantry at Min
tori, on Thiirsday the 13:h oif Setimber.
The 4th Regiment of In!imty it Ver
rentes, onr Saturdav the 15th of eptemh r.
The Olicers anud Sergeanis of the 7th
Brigile will assemble tor Encanpmeni
near Society Hill, InI Moniday tire 1st (i
October next; to remain Ecarmped six
I'he. 29th Regiment of ifantry will pa.
rardefor review d:11 -11i1 Itt D. ling-tonj .
louse,-on Monday the'Sth of Oetober.
Te 30th Regineut of infatry at lien
netville, (i T ir.day tire I Ith of* October.
The 28th Rel-Oiten1t of infintitry at Ches
terield Court House, ott Saturday the 13th
The -ist legiment orf infaintry at Lan
caster Cort House, otn Tuesday, the 16th
The 22nd lRegiment of Infnt rv at Cam
den, oni Thmnstday tie 18th of* Oetaiber.
Thr 51ih R"egimen't of Cavalry at Camu)
-IL n, (onr Satirday ite 20 t of e-oher.
Thlt 20t I I Regiment of inimiry at the
Swimmi n Peus, on Tuesday the 23rd of
The 44th Regiment or Iifarntry at Simr.
terville. otn Thursdav the 2511b of Uctiber.
The 31st Regiienit of L.dirntry at Blaclk
.Altgo, ()I Tuls-:v dte I30th ofl ( )etoher.
The :13rd Regimeti of bifatry at Con
wayhorotigh, (itt Sairday the 3rd of* No
The :ifrid Regiment if Infaintry at Ma
rionr Cortrr House. oat Tuesdlay t.e G.h (4
The Officers and Non-Comm Ir i-sionred Of
icers of rite :5h Ieti iment will assemble
on Satnrday tire i ih of Anigttst or ih-ill and
iist-rieI imn; tie Ollicers adtt Noi-Comnus
(inned Oflicers of atl other Regimtis will
atsemrtble 'Ior the like purpose, on fite day
inevions. to their respective reviews, ex
cept thIose of thIre 29t1 itiegimrre nt orf 1rifan
try, who arm extnsed from t hat (iuly%, itt con
seqttence of their Enrtampmenir.
Complete rutirns tit the l Militia of each
Bri 2mle and public arms aind equ ipmenits
wVill be tonade by tie respectfive ilrigIdier1
Genoerals to the Adjuttaint ai nd isneror
Gteeral at Edgefteld C. lottse betbre tihe
1st of Norvembter anext
The M ajtr Genterarls atnd Britgadier Genr
eratie wtith thie'ir resprecrive. Stail.E will attendr
tire rev'ie-vs within rireir respecive comr
By order of thre Cortmmatnder-irn-chief.
J A .M E'S .1 ON ES.
June cAd' a rnd Inspec'r Gen.
Jun 6, [C] e i8
General Orders, No. 7.
Coiumihrt, 1st Jtrte. 18:38.
M ALACHI F"ORD, Esq1. hainitg beni
. elected andii Commtrissirnedi Major
Gleneral of tire 2nde Divisioni of Sonrth Cair >
litna Mrlititi, will be resireted anrd tobeyed
accordingly. By order of thre C ommaniitd
er-iti-Chnief JA MES JONES,
Adj'l anrd lnsp'Ir Ge'nrera.r
Jtine 1 [C J e I8
Aikeni Classical .icade an.
Ri-:V. M. RI. SUAi(ES, ilINJIPA L.
T111S Acatdetmy hars now heeni itt active
opertioni for nearly three veart'. Thie
vai-ions btrarnchies of art English arid (lassi
cali Ednieition atre taumghr, itn connexion, n inn
such exercisn 5, as are cormnit tee \ene
miesc ofrerspetabnility. Mr. S isnof Brownr
University, a al has had several year" ex
prerienice as a Treacher. Board and Tuition
on moderate termts.
A ikca, M ay 23, 1838 d 17
DOCE & 3 3 PRINTING
OF ve y dlescrrptiotn excented with
no snur s ad desepatch,. at tho Offict
of the E~DGEF11:LD AnVERT?8R.
From the Columbia Tescop.
The substaunce if GEN. IJAWI.LTORI'U re
murks, in the Senate of S. Carolina ont&
Resolutions of the Roume of Repreaenta
lives respecting the Sub- Treasury; Ma*
Afier ihe rendiug of the ResolutionsGen
laimilton rose aud said that he could no
but regret time intro:uction ofthe topic nov
pres -uted for the consideration of the Sen
ate. They had convened to consider oni
subject, and that of tihe deepest and mos
aliecting interest. lie had hoped all othe
n ould have been avoided, at least such a
were in tihe smallest degree calculated t4
mar that concord and harmony in whici
they load consimimnated the noble benefac
tion by which South Carolina had succoret
her metropiolis. desolated, by a calamity .s<
signal and overwhelming. Thii wise am
generous ollice discharged, he 'had likewist
looped that they would have been permit
IC to return to their hommes Willh none othei
than those feelings towards each other
Vhichm Ie!longed to this enlargell benevolenct
so imtimifit ently performed. But it-seeti
this privmege was denliel theoln. The3
were, at the very last moment of the ses
sion, to be distracted and divided. The
n"cre to return to their families with feel
ings of alienation and distrust toward!
each other, by the introduciion of essential
ly a party topic; and %- hat is worse, in lbt
form of a Inium ermsde against the con,
scieneee of U highly repectable portion o
41ur1, mmneimlber, in Congress.
Sir, s-114d G-n. I South Carolina is tor
small a faiimly iii this great conirnimity j
ilt's. to i.e dividlmda; more expecially 411
a 11ub eet 11f such do.mhtful policy -is the Sotb
T 'misor% schmie. The imi is conimin,
. len from the condition of publi opinimo
else" here otn a topie of deep and irrepressi
ble pubiie interebt, % v slil not only reirm
a wise and considerate smg-acity. inviucilb
ortitlude, and high moral courage, but
ailove all united counsels, the result of no
mmnly the test political butl the best cordia
s .cial relations.- Uan we not m1-,v i
State one momnent of repose! lust sh
pa- tihe ve'rge of oue augit.st.onm, mercl to
..e hrried into anther! Can sihe neve
;renthe for one instant in the temperat
zoneh We have just come _out of. n '
ternal contest hieb. shook m MU arin
oits centre. Thanks be to God, the erisi
.1 as passe-d without a convulsion or frater
onal bloodshed; and I trust I amm not extrava
::ant in the hope that these internal differ
ecmecs are burimd in the ocean bieeath tha
wamve oI which tie Hllevon rests hivm
downy bosonm in token of' tmuquility ai
Surelv we have enough in the opeim
tromlmcmsof our count ry. tim occupy the pbl)
Ie spri and eniterprise of our people. I
no' ihe palway which we are mnaking me
cmle the Alle-ahany, and by the see'tmmin;
amnhila'ion of space to lfiarm our commer
cial connmexion with the Wert, stllicienit to
employ our energy! Can we not fial
-illuper-abultndanmt excitement in the ellor
we are makitag to establish a rigtht of w
aermss tihe ocean, and thus to brimg bact
tbe exchuangeable value of time fruit of oui
,mwmn industry! Must we seek in anm untrie.
experiment-at best (mf doutbi ful iimport, .
mere theory in finanne-lo concentrate ant
COSnOlidate party spirit, and give tQ its im.
evitableii' consequemces all time mnalignity atm
iitleranice w.hich Lblcoug to iusana fmi..ti.
I have said thus much, said Gen. H., t
inetleate the counsels ofrpeace. I nmean, it
conzformnimy with s..sh a feeling to submni
a motion for the post )onieient of tie whof
mhfj'ect to the next session. Thi is th
uimms-yea it is more than I hope to obtain
I know that these resolutions on your falbhm
oom- e.r cathedra, from the niutage of ;
preliminary Cacus. It was perhaps poliim
imiat tie maimcles ind thu.mh-screws. fior
to timn tat aoui delegatioin in C(oigre s,shohl
Imive been forgedl irk time shop bef .o thI e
wer~e bmrought inato thms assembaly. Delibi
erattion watis liatail to them. In a clear fieli
"u'tmainedl tihe battery oif dliseission for om
mmomenst; t etast, helbpre an untrammelple
jury oif such muen ausomncesmerved South Car
41 subimit the mtotioni of post poneme'ni. hie
camus, in aill probabuhihity mm is the uonly one, oi
whiichm f'rom a late houitr of the night and h<
iieceLs~ity oft my imme ndiamte departure fronm
Ibis phlmce, I shaill ben ablde to record my dii
imemc anmd iilexibmle Opposition to time whole
stiubjeci ietmare you.
ii is. howv'er, timei that I should not
sany a word or itno omn the resolutions them
Thme first resolhution asserts as a fact wvha
I dim nsot kniowv amnd do niot bielive-that th
Sub-Tr'measiury schemme hats foundai favor wit
ma mmatjorimy mifI the peoiple of this Statme.
believe m bis toa he a mmere naked inl'erenace
Unil M1r. Ca.lhoun r conisented to biecom
thei fisterm-fither of thmis TIreasury "f1'syring~
thiere were nimt tenm inidividuahs ini the St
with wvhom the utnpromisinig hanathing oh
tained c'ouniteantce. Even lime very pamper
.uamd politicimani that now hug the uingainl:
tirebimn to their bosoms,sp~at tuponi its pmmlin
nfancmy whem it.seemed o be hanagine imn al
i- unmcrtai'nies of existence on the es
tisusted duags of its l'gitimate parent-,.
as truet that Mr. Culhounm was able to wor
thme conversion, in Novemaber laist, of abot
0on0 hundred said twenty-five citizensi
minis State, who happened to be resmpectahl
mnembiersm of' time Legislatuire, and that to,
with a nmiraceulous studdenness, almost equm
tom that of the mighty apostle omn his wa
to Demascusm. It may be that these hut
dred ad twenty-fiv'e gentlemen hav4 mad
about enongh converis. to servo a an evk
M ir own voice, but that he great bod
r people have considered this subject
not believe. It is a subject eminenttil
vidng and distasteful, except to mimdi
r ar with financial details. admit thal
a i g our politicians there is a vast ma
,o in favor of the Sub-Treasury; am
th ;strenuous ellorts are naking to forn
a-consolidaie a party on this question.
i further admit that it may be abou
aw uveniut a one for proscription as cat
be esigned. Nor do I preteud to say tha
a ority of the people mnay not, by tIh
of party discipline, "with proper ap.
ph ces to boot." he brought to sustain thei
rin sure, extraordinary as it maty seem. A
fewilap, trap~s tand cant phrases wvill ofteti
accompiish what the prolundest philoso
phy./eaunot effect. "The emancipation ol
the *South from tho commercial thraldom
of tie North,'- and "a direct trade with Eu.
rope'," from the flexible lips of a cunning
demafgogue, will work wonder.; and many
hondt and deluded subjects will scarceI
give 4hemselves time to ask how locking nsi
gold "aud silver in huge Cyclopean safes,
with a correspondent issue in their stead ol
irredeenable contnental paper money, cni
accomplish this purpose. They will takc
the Wophecy on trust until defeat has pul
the humbug to light, or an explosion han
brought it to the comefriable position ai
whici it now rests-an Independent Trea
sury perfectly bankrupt.
At pr, sent tle people of Souwt Carolinm
huve regarded thu Sub-Treasury scheme
with about as much indill'rence as they
lhavegth popular hutuugs of Animaal Ala.
netisT an1 Phrenology. I ai quite sure
they are equally prepared to sanction out
I nstrnuciug our Senators and Represente
ties t vote for the ExploPring Expedition
-a mieasure of far more Innocent resposa
sibilitj; which connot involve the beggary
of our people and the corruption of our pub
Thejcategory, therefore, in this resolu
tion I cannot vote for without violating my
own sense of veractity.
Let slhe now say a nord otn the seeonul
I res-lutlo, the most pregnant of all, which,
by a tyipuing device, insinaates an instirne
tion to the refractory mtembers ofCongresE
At leasf it enunciates a featrftul admonition,
ThoJesolution is in these words, "Re.
foltd fat in theopinion of this Legislaturc
a resol tns approving the i09
.' reasuy] is essential to the bet interest
Wf the country; and that any public servant
who refuses to promote the sane, pursues
a course injuriou, to the welfare and pros.
perity of the State."
This resolution, Sir, is certaicly ver%
I modest and utnpretending. The Legisid
ture has a clear and inlcontestible right t
express its opinion that the Sub-Treasury
isa ma'sure essential to thehest interesit
of the country, and that all who liffir in
Opmnion *. ith tiem are- pursuing ;a course in
jtuious to its wel:fare ad prosrtperity. 11111
a.e not our members of Cotueresi equal1
entitled to their opinion? And if it hall
pens to be precisely the couverse of thi'
dogma, may they not solace their ronscien
ces with the belief that in point of fact theW
.ire pursuing t course best calculated tt
promote prosperity and welfare of the cottn
try when they oppose the Sub-Treasury
scheme? Is not this opinion precisely as
iroad Ias it is lon0? And it ta n:arrowed
lown at last ito, sir, your opimon. and ny
opiniton, and any body's opiriont; and thle
declaration sinks into a nvoutralitv about as
ah.urb as it is harmless. I admit it coat
tains a threat; but in this point of view it i.
not so potential as to be beyond all nmati
t..Ieration. A scare-crow it unquestiona.
bly is, but such atn one as old Muzzleton ir
the cornfield, that respectahle per,onagt
who hatsstood for so mav years in tle sauc
spot, bloated with his straw alnd dead
feathers, whomn the very roo:s may eye
with perfect safety.
Sir,-those who concocted- these resol
I tions are perfectly aware that South Car
lina repudiates the doctrine of instrucetiti:.
It has never found favor in her eye,
The exltmple which has beent cited of tht
inastructiotfssen'tt to our delegation to oppost
the tarifl, do not.-apply. They were itn
tended to strengzthen. not to weakent om~
delegation; to give titem confidente in: theil
enurse;-not to violate their conasciences; hte
cause they were known't to conctur wiltht
unanimous opinion of nearly our whole pert
ple on that topic. The efl'ort baefore us a:
certatinly thte first settledl designt to instrue.
and by indlirection to reach the conscieue:
of a reft ahtory mtemnber.
I do no; propose, sir, at this time, to dis
cuss the doctrine of instruction. 1 muta
htowever, assumae the privilege of sayint
that according to any humballe view, the~ ex
Iercise of this doctrinte involves as gross at
usurpation an I faiboay in political ethics a
can well.be conceived.
IIn thie first place, the constatuttion give
tas the right to elect, but give us no right ta
depose our Senators tho very endc anti seopi
of the exercise of the right of itastructiona.
I f it was desigtned that we shotald exercis
this formidlable power, it otught to have heei
sgiven by an express grant in the conastiata
- tion; otherwise t assumptJtiont must be ustur
IIt is a fallacy, because it proceeds like
-wise oan the tiest asssump:tion that we tr.
hettet informed on the -ubject on which tna
kmaembier of the Nationzal Congress is to es
itrrciue hi~s judgement andc conscience, tha
thitmself-although specially withitn his coai
Pstitutsaonal jurisdictiona and competence; an
for 'the exercise of his free tand unhiasse
subf@rae he is responsible - to .God and hi
-.This is not all. The practice itselfi
ecalculat ed to work at) entire ebange in ot
sytmor oenet by sbtttn
legislation (if our State Legislatures fo r
tile Iegislatioti of Congress. Does the con
stitition muiuke our mewihers (it Congress
our slaves? No. The veiom of fuictioi,
disgusting arrogance, and the conceit- of
overweening vanity may attempt to force
I thet to be so.
If these objections hold in the abstract
againit the right ofinstruction, witat florce
do they acquire whenl applied to (lie pres
et occasion and to the persons against
whom the Resolutions onl your table are
It is known that one of our Senators and
it is believed that three of our Representa
tives in Congress are opposed to the Sub
Treasury Scheme It is rumored that this
project is at its last grasip. and that it has
been intimated that unless these mehers
can be made to violate their consciences
and vote for tie measure, it must peri-h;
for as it is in a minority of the people ofthe
Union. no hole of its pas-ace canl be enter
tailed except the deed be now done, and
Lihke gooi liege subjects we are therefore
quimniaonied to the sealfeld to witness the in
lletton of the actual cautery or the rack,
II casre of non-cmianee ou the part .f our
Let te now pause to ask whether this
ignoble tyranny is worthy of the ancient
repute of South Caroliia! Where is the
elivalry that once graced her renann?
Where he magnanimity and Conifidence
%% ith which she has always treated her pib
lic servants?-a confidenice w hiih w.as the
nurse of manly senmitient, inflexiile iude
pendlecellf, and of a public virtue that
scorned all temptation, save tlt induce
-COI to serve her with hionestv, lideliiy and
truth. Alas, they are all giving way to a
spirit ot vulgar Luco Pocoismt, in the promo
niou of winch ii. fir-, essential step is to
violate all that belonis to the pride and
honor of such servants as South Ciarolina
once had. It is true, we have hind prece
dents from other States ;II. ted fir tour imi
tation and instruction They are no an
thority, iir, in Somh Canrolina. Let those
6tates, it they will, practice their desplo
tisn, liut let them keep) it to themselve.
We will have none of it. At least I know
I speak for those who are beyond tile reach
of iy voice, who, when the temporary dhe
lasions of this-question have passed. will
iempt twviolaue the freedonm ofopinion and
the sacred right ofconscience.
I know not sir, how that portion ofour
delegation, against whom it is aimed. will
receive this compuisor. process. Whether
they will cuonisent to surrender their judg
il-ail ito saive what they believe it be a per
nicious and unwise project, fron destruction.
I trust they - ill let thet- vagranit die. wheth
er tie expires from inanition or a violent
death; whether he dies in a diteh, or gives
ip the ghost secundnei arlem. alter the most
approved phleotomy of ili' e doctors. I
hale they % ill refuse to ser% e even tin the
Coroner's nitiuest--andi suintin throug-d
out wbial otit to the carriag-- of a Snith -
urn ientleman, whio fears, nlext to his God
a viol tion of his own honor and sense of
Let ie tell them, itt a voice lotid enough,
I trust, thuough the press it least. to be
neard, that Jublii. confidence is lot to be pur
chased in South Carolina by subserviencv.
taut i-) imihependence; not by tinmidity, but
ay isurlessness. Let them do what they re
gard to be right. If public du11ty has any
u1lier rule than this. I can only say, sir, that
we have read to pirecious little purpose tl
memorialm which imose who have gone he
4or- us inl the .ate have hequeathed furonr
It is understood that these resolutions
a.e especially levelled at one of our Senia
tor,. I ou cannot miitake ile, sir, I allude
to Mr. Preston. Profes-i:m--, as I do, a great
jer,onal regard and respect for this genle
anan, it is known that my relations with his
colleague are tar more ittimate. I ha e
ventured to differ with Mr. Calhoun, and its
think lhim wrong on the <lneionu which
nlow agatattes the cosuntry, wtithout aill'eetinag.
iin tile slightest degree thle re-latio ns to
which I refer, and which it will be both my
pru te tand pleasugre to en Itivate, in despite cii
the proserlhption with whtich thiose, whoi
cliai nion to lie ik excluisive friendtus may
visit my hontest illerentce of opinion with
One it n10h11m in ee in pe lrsonally anid pci
litic-ally devoted for the ast Seni years. lint
these conlsideratins shall riot prevent mnv
dlomis justice to his colleague. Why, she-m.
I ask as lie scemced for the sacrifice? Doe,.
li h ot standit preelsely whet e he didi whcen
-lhe w as w arrgt agamist the over-shaid.swig
-despbotisml ~ 0I Gen. .J ackson's admhtintistrtionttl!
;1 ift wags right andie conliistenlt to tippjose thai
.shinitmstrationg, is it the- less so to) be found
in lie raniKs of opposition tio his suiccessors,
whose first claim to pubtlic confidence ws
thle annunciailon that lie wtonll fInlow in
the lootstep~s of his illustriotne prototypie?
51l')nt this very Suib-T.lreasury system the
sequtel oif Geni.,Jackson'sa despntit grasp to
-taike the publllic treasure of tile coiutrv ill
tio the handis of thie Exeetiive! Din's tntr
Mr. Presttin stand priecisely w here lie dlid
wheti lie was the object of the highest pub-.
- lie fauvor at home! I is trtue. thaut wvith per
haps a less sgerni and enh,:hitented forceasi
-lhe could not mulato ithe boint, C, of hsis
3colleague ini gititiing his old ailies at thle
c ry mromntt of his apphr itchintg viitourv.
-lest victtory to his party shoiutld he wiirse
i than dlefeat. lint this fidelity to oi friends
- with whom Ihe hadl lotig hattled, is surtely
i nott an object of mgiral reprobuatioin. It is
tI at most but a weatkness, which ini the esti.
* mate of some will be quite ats amiabile, if
not as respectaisle, as thai eninrgerl sagacity
s which lotiks at poliiics with ihe samie cool
r ness which it would regard a theory in
Ir I am 1101 mistaken, sir. Mr. Preston,
on the oean,ion when Mr. Leigh of Virginia
received the instructions by w, hich that cor
in"".wealth wals pleased to inseruct him ouc
of his sea:, indicated very distinetly that he
was ano convert to the doctrine. I hope that
nmy nemory has served nie right, and that
while Mr. Preston is prepared to treat the
cummunication-which he will doubtless re
eeive fromn our presiding ollicer with the
most perfect respect, be will at the same
tune be prepared ) tiaintain his own in
ilep.'ndence and rigIits whi--h belong t hier
as a Seniator representing the people of this
6tate in their sovereign capacity.
I Iinmst colnfess ihese is something in the
situation of this gentleman, which com
inands both ity symipatliv and considers
Iioni. Although he was educated. married,
& has hived aioig us almost from his child
hlood, yet Ie is, in one sense of the word, I,
strainger; but a stranger whom we havo
honored becaise he was wotihy of heisig
honored. Ile is a native of another State.
I ask myself whether it becomes the old
1nd- lon'L approved hospitalitv of Sonith
Carohnia--that sentiment which is the very
reigioi of our hearth stoies-btis to treat
one who posseses the strongest clainis ta
0iu* psn'tectml .a1ni esteem--one who has
ihr.wnii a lresh halo around the genius of
nour own Sinte-the vigevr, the power, the
beauty of* whose eloquence, and lofty pub
hie pirit have added an attractive arace ti
inoral worth which renders hii character
free froii all suspicioi or reproach.
Men of the State Righits' party, nre you
prepared to sae'ritice a tman who in the liour
of peril stood by yon in unfilte'rin courage
and eivotion, and ihrew his w hole souil in
to your conti'st, aind gave to it the unsur
passed treasures of a genius and elocution,
rirh. varioux, and resplendent!
I know, sir, it has bieen said by some
that Mur. Preston is a friend and perhaps an
atdhereut of Mr. Clay. This niny or mnay
not be true; but I would ask how longis is
sitce, eveii if l'e should prefer the champ
ion lol tne West, to Mr. Van Bren, such a
lreference is to be visited not alone with
censure but positive punislitnent? Has our
State slid. by the easy grailations of an
iiiereaitig love, itito the armso- of the Admin
iWtration! Do members acknowledge **the
soft impearhintit?" Things havestrangely
gt, it nt of' denunciaion, at least ot
distrust, beenuse I was suspectedl of a too
friendly reeard for the present Chief Ma
gistraite-and this leeatne I .d never con
descended to abuse hitmi. hit unifurmily
treated him with the consider, tion his kind
ness to nie personally deserved at my hands.
\nd now, firsooth, I am harced with a
dtevoiion to Mr. Clay, liecanlie I Ihresume,
from a similar motive of self respect I am
lisposed to carry n civil toncuo in my head
im relalioi to both gentletmieu. Sir, as I
io noitmeatn to take the bounty, I an resol.
veil not to enlist thr the war. I have there
fore heard witi itiexpreilh- stirprise that
asecret ol cohi inationi of the old leaders is on
fiot in this State to oive its ote to Mr.
Cly I know not who the Guy Faux of
this conspiracy is : but so far as so iuuable
-it iidividual as myself is coucerned, I
know the path wO"hich leads to my own in
dehtpeidence nmd happiness; ihat is to my
in 1home anid duties of ty hionie. I do
not etmulate the renown of any Guy War
It is the last time I ever expect to hear
ilte 'sound of iv voice in this [Hall. I hivo
been, for the ist sixteen yeirs of ni, life,
in various stations im the service of South
Carolina. This rellectini only augments
the sense of the obligations I owe her. I
amit gra:ified tltnt on i his last night of* mnv
,..rvice the opporttnitv has been affordedl
Itt.' of lifiing it p lily voic'e ill defete,. of pub
i. liberty a -.d private right.
Let me. thien agtin conijure von, thaR
bpon aj s otlljeet 5I tne l1 %% orthlets as how
the poor I iii're 01' this government is to be
deposited, you do notr di-tract anI d vide our
Ieople, reetntly so thoronghbly and cord ilv
itnitedt. Permtiit us to ret irti homie in peac'
and good wiillI. I r' thte dlevouin element
has seniirer.'d desoltion in its track and
sent t he broadne gIlarie of' its dlisastrous light
into the very ctoet ve of' t e heavens, tinder
thie blessiing of' God we havse deeed that
the fair structures shall rise from their.
;t~bes with renovated hetatiy, and the eher
inhied mtriopoilis of' us aill aaitn lhe the nhbddo
oh' cheerful indutstry andl nmanly enterprise.
Itf, however, this privilege is denied to tns
if I stand alone with my friend frm Sumt
ier, (.\l r. Dtgan) I trist I shatll he fotitd to
<tind. in this last act of itmy putblie lift' in
that position, wshich comliports best wsith all
thait belongs io thle anth lentie pulie' pr' ict
les. and public' honor of' Sonth Carelin'a.
Ne'wly Inr'ental Cariage.-- A light w'agoni
wvas driv'en thbroutgh the principah streets
vesterday, withI a view of' exhititing some
ne'w itovemnt it the conistructiont of
the axl:'s aind w heels. snirale for all kinds
of' whleel c'arrint es. TPhe vehicle in quest ion
lhas, wvhat the' ive'tirl c'all e'eperate tmove
able er':anlk axle's "so c'onstrneted that when
the wheels strike a stoiie, the axles yield to
the resistan'ce anid abat'' the sutddeinness 0or
ioh'e of thle shoc'k Thbe lowne.,s -'l tho
aides lhke'wise renders thej carriage less
liable to be ove'rturn ed t hani by thle ordinia
my conistrnletioni. Oni toneh iroads this in
vetion "'ill be iinvaluabdle, especiatlly in
v'iute5 wvhere thei pave'ments are scar'cely
ever fit to be tr'avellced over it common'
ro n veynces. Hlacknesy conches and otn
nithnsuses bieme mto e ge .et ally used ini l.erge
eities, this improvemnent wotuld be a great
acquisition in their construction, anud shoul.!
at least ho tried. A committee of genthny
men of New-'York have certifed toils tk:(
its-N. .Y..Evening J'esf.