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I. LA)ORDE, Editor. "We will cling to the pillars or ple of our liberties,
and if it must fall Wd will idstthe ruins." PUDLISHED WEEKLY.
VOLUME 3. EDGEFIELD C. (8. be 4, 1838.
The Edgefleld Advertiser,
EVERY THURSDAY MORNING.
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nd no paper discontinued u.itil all arrearages
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(PosT PAiD) will be promptly and strictly attend
dlegusta Female Sen21nary.
MUt. 1E. L. 3119E,
R ESPECTFULLY informs the inhaitants
of Augustn and its viciniti, that tIhe Winer
Sestion of her Semiuary will t-onmienee oni the
1st of October next, anl tliat she has sujcceeded
in obta1iniing the most eflicient Assistnts, both
male and female, in order to render that sati,f'le
tion which she so ardently desires.
The course of studies will consist of three de
partnents. Pr. gr.
First Course --rthography, Readin,
Writing, Arithmetic amid Elenentary
Branches of History, Grannnar and
Scrond-Course -Ilistory, modern and an
cient, Geography, Granmnar, Pasinng,
Orthoepy and Dictation. m $10
Third Course.-Comlprisinig every branch
of au English Education, as taught in
the principal Academies of the U. States $1.
Freinch, Spanish, & Latin Laingtiages, each $10
Painting in water colors $10
Music o Piano Forte, including Vocal
Music - $20
I isic on the Guitar, including Vocal Music :lt o
Use of tIhe Pinuno gratis.
It is desirable that pupils should ie entered as
as early a period as possible, for the purpose of
forminig classes, but as this is attended with some
iconveience to distant patrmis, it is tie estab
lished rule with the Semmary that the quarter
commence only shen the pupil is enterrd.
-- - o .p rgH w ill be recdwed ra a lo o to rna th, n '
one quarter, nor'Will any deduction be made for
ubsence. 1iroughout the year, there will he but
one month's vacation, for which, no deduction
will be made. -
Mrs. Mossy can accommodate a limited nm.
ber of youtng ladies itn her family witlh llnardiin-g
und Lodging, where bemig under her immediate
charge, strict itteintion will be paid to their mnorals
and deportment. Hoarding and Lodging, per
Augusta, Ga. Aug. 18. IS3 e :10
The Mlledgeville Standalrd of Union, iavanl
nah Georgian, and Edgefiid Adertiser, will
publish tie above weekly, until 1st October, and
forward their accounts.
Stee Ribs For Cotton fiau.
T HE subscriber has jtiqt received a sup
T plyof the PATENT Itl BS for Cot
ton Gins, which have been spokein so
highly of wherever they have ieen tried
throughout the Cotlon Growing States.
These Ribs are so comiructed tthat onne
set will last twenty years or more, anld Ine
constantly in use, by having an exirn set of
Cast Steel faces. The flices are made to
fit on tie front of the Itibs. where the Saws
pass through. and in so simple a mntimer
that any person enn pit themn on. ThIe
subscriber will niwnys keep) n stilply of
Gins on hand of tine aibove dieseriptimn.
WILLIAM JON 1:,
A few doors abore the Upper .Markdt.
Augusta G. July 13 1838. h1 26
Inaproed Collton Gins.
T H E subscrilers havina establishedi a COT
TON GIN MANIfACTORY in the
Town of Hamburg, S. C., oni tie improved sys.
10em of Mr. Bontwright, heg leave to r-eco'nnne'nd
thIeir Gins to tIhe puliic. The.y warrannt thenir
4Gins to beo equal if' nolt uperor to lhose of*1 Mr.
Boatwvrighnt, .in achount of an ahoeratin, which,
imn their opitnion,is a decided impi~rovememnt: unt
is, inisteaid of bilockcs of wmood on tIne nibs, theuy
hnave adopted thne plain ofnmnakimng tIhe ribsof their
Giins entirely ofsteel anid iron, whnichi have pnrov
*ed lby experience to lie p)referal..
Mr. Ulnntwright hnavinig declimned the pii nima
king bnusinnessi in Anigustan, M',r. L.. h. Coun, whio
comndunctedl it there-forhlim n, beciing oem of thne part
ners itn tine concern, they wvill enndeavmor to give
sintisfactioni to all whno imay favor thtem with thce
[17 Gins repaired at time v'.ortest tnotice.
COBB & KENNEDY.
Habunrg, . C., A pril 19. m 11
TlHIE subscribers, from tine itmportnuities
of his frienids, hans cotncluded so fir to
resume the pracmtice of' his pirolessiotn, ats to
itindl to anll calls in Ch.ronte Diseuss. A
linonig these, hec would mnentioni partienlarly
Scrofumla or Kmn's E-vil, Cantcr, D ise:nsed
Mlammitac, Chrtonie Stire l,egsc, k~e. A nldre.,
E. L CARTI,h-EDGi-,
Park's P. 0., Edgeield DJis., S. C.
May1 t f 14
ImuprovedI Surgeons' T r-u.s,
4 OIt the radical eunre of IIERNIA. inivented
bl y II i:ssn CnIAsE. M. D,, l'hdbndelphlin.
(tearranledto cure.) All orders by nil or othner
wise will be promptly atteunded to. Address
either fr. H. RU RT'h.
Dr. M. LA 11OlDE,
Dr. E. J.inlM8,
Edgeilild C.1I1. S. C. *f 2l
BO'nK & JOB PRINTING
OF 1'Every descriptiotn exentemd with
. lncnss anmd despatchn, tnt the Oflic
Frou the loston Post.
Go, when the morning shineth,
Go, wlen ti le moon is bright,
Go, whllen the eve declineth,
Go, in the hush of night;
Go, with pure mind and feeling,
Fling earthly thought away,
A nd, in thy chamber kneeling,
Do thou in secret pray.
Remember all who love thee,
All who are loved by thee,
Pray fir those who hate thee.
If any such I here he;
Then for tIhyself in meekness,
A blessing humbly claim,
And link with each petition,
Thy great ledecmer's name.
Or, if 'fis cer denied theo
In solitude to pray,
Should holy thoughts come o'er thee,
When friends are rouid thy way,
E'et then the- silent breathing
Of thy spirit raised above,
Will reach His throne of glory.
Who 's Mercy, Truth, and Love.
Oh! not a joy or blessing,
With this can we compare,
The power that iIe hath given us
To pour our souls in prayer.
Whene'er thou pin'st in sadness,
Before his thotttool fall,
And retuember itn thy gladness,
Ilis Grace, who gave thee all.
The Memorial of Dr. Sherwood. which
we this day publish. mnst attract the uni
versal attention of the scientific world. It
will be seem that )r. Sherwood claims to
have made discoveries in INlagtetism, of
the greatest importance and utility, and
whichi, if fuunnd valid, mnnst exalt him to ani
elevation of honor and renown, not inferior
to that assigied to Galileo, Fraiklin or Ful
Memorial of Eenry, ieI Shcrwoo-1, praying
the aid. oJ' Congrn ss to enubi sit to' per
J; et and secure the bent;it off ha inrention
for etermining the variation of the needle,
a,d jr finding Mhe latitude (1n1d longitude
by the aid of magnetism, 4-c. Jne 1,
Id38-Referred to the Committee ou
Naval All'airs and ordered to be printed.
To the honorable the Senate and Ifouse
oft Represematifves of the U. States in Con
lienry IIall Sherwood, of the city and
State of New York, respectfully represents
That lie is a native of the Uianted States,aul
by proflessiun a physician: that ie Ias Iiog
buen conveined that. lay iie aid of niagnte
tism, new amd better methods thant thosr
nlow itt use might he discovered for deter.
titing the variation of the ieedille, and foi
finilinlg the 1,atituie and lotngitt-e, bothIby
sea and land: thtat, as the result of this colt
viction, lie fi)r upwards of tweit y years,
devoted all the litte wiich in his limitei
eirematuances was not necessarily spetit ii
fle support of his family, to the investiga
tion of that so.ience, anad if* the natue an
prop)lert ies of the mnagtnet; that in these paur'
snitts.he has mtadle lthillowintg discoveries,
hitherto, as lie believes, a uknown to lman
kitnd: which will render maagtnetistm ain ex
act scienace, tand prv of great p)ractical ili.
port ance to mattkind, viz.
1. lIe hazs tanteietised a continnions irot;
ritng, a-, well as the circular iroan plate;
result hitherto regaarded ats impossible, antc
the pruaetictability of whtich is dentied in tht
latest andu best treat ise ott t he subject: iti
proof of whlichl lie refers to thea work oa:
m tatgntelismu in the library, for promoting use
fuil kntou'ledge-a, by Dr. RLoget, of Lonidotn
2. lIe finds that itt thec magntetised ring
as wveil as in the tmagtnetised irona plate. the
muagnletic ptoles are tnot in thec axis of the
ritng or plate. hut at otto point Otn theo lei
andI at antothter on thec rightm of theo axis
mnakitng each ain angle of 23d. 28mt. witl
thte axis: thet samet angles whiicha the polaz
ciareles niuake " ithI the axis oftlie earth.
. U-lIe ftindts that thei maigtietisedl rinig o
ti rettlar platte has two hemisphecres, hika
lhe enarth; t dit a itatgneutic equtnair: antd a
ta:gtietic axis, rat an atnglo of 23d1. 98mti
withI thie axis oaf thle ritng; and a litie of m
variation, oat wich. as welI a ont ithe miag
tietic egntator, the nteele lies parallel witl
lihe ax is oft lie rinig oir platte; that ton thli
mitaginetic egntil atr, tIthi dippintg need he i.
horizontal; hat n either sidle of it thu di;
is in p)ropo)rtiont to the distnice front thin
egntor)t; mttad that att the mnagnetic polesi
is piler emn.
4. lIn thet itagnetised plate andu liar, h'
also) finds itho samao lawv goverintg the ptlac<
of the ninguletic pole's: as thue muagnectie nai
cotnmec.tiog them makes tin atngle of 23d 2bn
wvith the ani ofr the ,stl,,. or. b....
5. In every magnet, lie finds that the
magnetic poles are not on the outer edge of
the ring, plate, or t,ar. hot within the edge
and at the depression of2d. 35m.
6. fly the magnelic ring, he has discoy
eredi the true laws of magnetic motion anld
inflnerice, which have hitherto been un
known, and which are now, by the use of
the ring, and or the plate, clearly and easily
7. By the aid of tie magnetic ring, he
has discovered the lireciie position of thr
magnetic poles of the earth, the existence of
which has been knowt for a considerable
titme, alt hough their true position has hit h
erto been the subject of continual contr'i
versy, and1 h,s not tM this day been coIje
tured by any writer on mnagtnetism; aud as
ascertined that the mnainetic poles are in
the polar circles, or 23d. 28mj. fruit the
poles of the earth; ind lhat the manetic
nxi4 makes that angle with the axis of the
The position of tle magnetic poles in t he
polar citrle is also confirmedl and estabished
by numberless calculations founded ott this
fact. nnd furnishing results exactly true.
6. He has discovered that the mnagnetic
poles of t he earl It are Inot stationary, but re
volve in the polar circles; moving regtiarly
front east tto west round the poles of the
earth; fatnd that the lieriol of their revolit
lion is GiW years, wanting at few seconds,
and that their annual motion is 32i. 6.
10. lie has discoveredl that the needle,
when on the magetiec eitmntor, always lies
in tihe plante of the terrestrial ineridiau, or is
parrallel with tie axis of the earth.
II Lie has discovered that what is cal
led the line of no variation. is not a wind
ing irregular line on the earth's surface, as
drawn itn the latest and best nautical charts,
but a great circle of the earth, or 11IMgnetii:
terilian, passiia throigh lie nagnetic
poles, as regular in its rorn ald progress as
any other great circle of ilte earth.
12. If a series of imagnetie ineridians he
imagined, passing throttgh the magnetic
poles. lie has discovered that the circle ofno
variation is that mnagnetic meridian which
pusses at the distance ofGd. 28m. frenti the
poles of the earth. ,
13. lie has found that the circle of no
variation, like the magnetic poles, is not
stationary, but revolves round the earth in
6G years, and 32. -6s. in one year.
14. lie has traced the circle of ono varia
tion, and has found that halfor it which now
crosses the continent of America, and whiel).
or the arctic line of no ariation, on eotem
ber 15th, 1837, passed near, or through, the
following places. viz; Proceeding from the
north -uagietic pole, in latitude 66d. 32n.
west longitude 93d, 16m1 . 03s. 04 1-3. it
traversed ludson's hay west of Mausfield
and Southampton islatids; entered .anes'
bay between Lake Muskinaw and Abbiti
ble river; run through the Abhbitible coun
try: crossed the east part of Ihie Lake Mani
tounlin, proceetded a little west of Lake
Simcoc; passed about iti. west of Toronto:
crossed the westerii point of Lake Ontario,
and the eastern point of Lake Erie, passed
about 31m. west of Fredoiit, New York;
aiout 14. east of Iittsibugh; about 2d. 22mi.
west of the City of Washington; ahout 32n.
west of Charloltsville, west of ti(!htnond
about 35m. about I l. :30hn. Cast of Raleigh,
N. C.: ahotit 7mn. west of ilmnington, N. C.
passed throigh the Babanta islandi, cot the
east end of Cuba, abot 2n. west of the
towtl of liaracon; emt the western peninsula
of St. Domingo, abont 7t. west of La
Vnehin: crossed the Caribbeatt sen; ettered
South Amerien, about 10mi. west o the ci
tv of Natrnc-tiho: ititersected the egnautor in
Ilogitide 69dr 09m. passed west of Bue
nos Avres, crossed the east cape of Soldad,
and cut tie antartic circle in 43d. Olm
west. 'Tlhe eastern ir antarctic seii, circle
ofn o rarialion tie las also traced in its
w lole progress; bitt from a regard to brevity,
omits the description of it here.
15. lIe has nscertaineda the exact angles
which the circle of tin vnriatiin, as well as
all theother ii-maetie mieridiaNrs, ke with
the terrestial mteridtianms. itt every adegree,
minute, andl tecondl.of latitudea, tad in eve
ry degrete, iiutte, andt sectond. ofloteitudae
til the glaobe; andt hans. wvithI reatt enre nal
labor. coaistraictetd at series ofl Tabihles, fonnd
edl otn the knownyt priniciples aof ennmetry
andI trigonometry, by wvhich these angles
are easily ascertained.
16. the has also dliscoveredl the pjrecise
angles which the magnetic itxis makes wvitn
the geographlical tmertidiani, ini cachi degree,
antinte, anal secoand, of lie globe; amil has,
conistrntetead a series oif sTbles, by which
these angle's may lie aet once dteterined.
lIe tegs leave f'urthier to represant that
tie tias invented a newy instrnmient calletd
the G~orotr, for which lie tas enteredl
tIhe caveat for a patent, int the- Patenit Of
faee. tand for which, at aii expense of i,600O
lie mtore thttat atmoth since, senit ont for
piateitsa to Laondon and Pariis. This intstrnt
laent -onsists piartly otf a dlippinc nieadle.
anda partly oif twelve contcenatrt icmveable
circles miarked respiectively with tdegrees,
mtinnties, atnd secondas, andl with corresponud
inig asthntlar degrees, minutes. atnd seconads.
Its piracticail use many lie easily undtaerstood
biy anty persont anaimedtct wvith the print
eiples ott which the tables. are construcaed,.
if lie undaerstatnds the four gzrondt rules of
arithmetic. By tm'atns oh this instrumiaent,
the folltintg im portanut points miay be easi
ly antI ceritaly determinead;
1. TIhe pilanae of the mnagntetic parallel of
latitudae of anmy plitce.
. TIhie planeof the magnetic meridian.
3. TEhe dip,
a4. Thle variation of the needle.
a5. Thel dtistanee oif thie circle of no varia
tiotn, amid the aingle wvhich its plane tnakes
with the planecof theecogtrapbical meridiaa.
angle whi;h the mnagnehic axis
ma ith the meridian.
Y' Pngle which the magnetic meri
di es with tho geographical meri
8 e longiLude of the magnetic pole
9 e exact latitude or any place.
I he exact lougitude of any place.
0 are ascertaimied without the aid
of a or quadrant, or chronometer: or
cele observations, on land and at sea,
as a its a cloudy or dark sky as in tie
clca sunshine brmatrlight, and far more
acc ly and unerringly than by any me
thodsAmow in use.
Iesther represents that the variation
of the tieedle canuot.be taken by any other
!methoa without a celestial observaionl; that
it caniot be taken atsea, even in fair weatlh
e., with accuracy, in consequence of the
imotion'of the vessel; that on land, and in
fmei weather, it is rarely taken with accura
cy; that no observation or the latitme can
tie taken at sea, or on land, withott. fair
weather; aud that great mistakes are ust
ally mle at sea, in calculatin,_, it; that fair
weather is eqally necessary fir taking the
longitude, whether by the chronmeter or
any other instrument; tih:,t attempts to deter
mine it at sea are known to lie generally
fruitless; and that great errors very fi'eitsent
ly occur, in attempts to determine it on land
that for three centuries it has been the grand
desideratuti of the commercial world to
discover a certain method of determining the
longitude; that for many years the Board of
Longitude, in London, ofl'red a reward of
X20,000sterling for this discovery, without
success: that hoard paid to the artist who
made the best chronometer carried ont by
Captain Parry, 1: 10,000 sterling. and since
then has oil'ered ?8,000 sterling to the per
son who should devise a method by which
the chronometer could be used at sea with
entire a-:curacy in discovering the longitide;
and that board gave Cap.ain Ross A5.000
sterling for approaching so near the north
ttagnete-pole, as 70d. 6m. north latitude.
and 90d. west longitude, an error of3d, 3-m.
of latitude, and of from 3d, to 4d. of* longi
tude; that owing to the impossibility of fix
ing a ship's exact place at sea, hundreds of
American vessels are amiually lost; that in
1836 as repoited in the public prints, more
than eight hundred were thus lost most of
them uidoniedly frot this cause; that difi
eitiesconstantly arise in survey of land
frrl ignorance of the law of the varia
lthat awsuits are
dtat ,toeime edicultites have arisen in
fixingthe boundaries between the U. States
and the adjacent terriories. as well as he
tween the States; nd that, owing to a mis
take~by an engineer in deiermining the pre
cise place of the 45th degree of lattittde, a
fort was erected on the west side of Lake
Champlain, at an expense of more than
half.a million of dollars, which hassince
been found to be within the limits of* Lower
He farther represents that repeaed andi
direct attempts have been made, by sever
al foreigners in the city of New York, to
possess themsives of the entire secret of his
invention and discoveries, in order, as lie
cannot doubt, it) seeire to themselves, if
possilie, patents in Europe, and. if not, to
gai a high reward from tle Britili Parla
tament, as well as any honor whieb might
accrue front the invention and discovery;
that Godfrey, a native ofr Philadelphia,
after .having invented t lie giadranit. explaiti
ed the invention it anl Englishman, of' the
name of Iladley, and disclosed to him his
design ol' taking ontt ta paient flr it in Etng
land; that ladley anticipaeil him in the pt
tent and the reward. gave Ihis ime to the
imst,umneut, claimed the ivntinii as his
own, land tr1anlsAmrel the lonirs of it, in) the
view of the world, froi A merica to Ellg
land; that, as the discoveries and the inmveti
tion, of wvich lie has spokea, are wholly
his own, he alone is eutiled to any profit
which may accrue from them; and that,
should they be thought to conimer any hon
or, it is dueI only to himt anid to the'land of
lie further states that lie has had the
htonor of' explatining these dliscoveries, atind
of extihiimg the geotmester to a conisiderabhle
number of the mteihmers of both I lou~ses of
Congress, as lie trusts to their satishemtin
atnd that lhe hopes to have thte pleasturo of'
doimng the same to the (other' members of' the
two Houses durimng the present week.
le f'urthter represents that lie has comii
menced the pubtliication* of a volumte, itt
quarto, to exptlaimn the discoveries int mans
nietism, as wefh as tIhe mnature and muse of the
geomeuter, to lbe aiccomtpanmied with nunmr
ons plates, anid ttended with great expemise,
that the manumfacture of the iustruntmnt, ini
order to imtrodumce it into general us~e, will
requtire a large outlay, timuch larger thani heo
is able to meet, with nto itmmediate retturnts,
and thaut it is his purpose, if'enabsled sc) to
(d0, to proceed to Enaglanid and l,'ranice, to
secure what lie conceives to lie a in1st re
ward for the labors of a life so snec'sessfulfly
devoted to the wvelfuire of' his coumntr'y anid of'
lie therefore most respectfullyI petitiotis
both flouses of Contgress to give the premni
sea (hue contsidlerationt; andti if the iniventtion
and discoveries wvhich he has recited shall
appear to them of high imnpor'tance atid vath
ne to the p)eonle of' the Untited Stattes, thten
to enable him by their friienidly atssistnce,
to proceed wvithiout delay, to the ac'otm
pilishmenit of thet objects, lie hats specifid,
as well as to feel that, in prosecuting thenm
thus far, he has not jeoparded thme ultimate
welfare of hitmself amnd oif a family depien
dant on his daIly exertions f'or their support;
he giving an express pledge that, for the
imstrtumentts purchasied for the tnatiomnal ships
and for thec service of the United States,
110thing all ever he demanded for the pa
tent. Anl, as he may find in Enrope that
the instrunmenits may he made with greater
accuracy and on beter torms, and that the
work proposed with the plates, may also
be better executed there than here, he also
reqests that lie iay be atahorized to import
both the noks fand the instruments as both
sare, mr an important sense, a national con
Vah this miatement of facts, le cheerful
ly commits hitiself to ohe justice and honor
of Congress and his country.
If. IL. 81-1ERWOOD.
1hiington, June 13, 1838.
POPrING THE QUrwsrjo-.-The desper
ate strugglh-4 ad floundierings by which
some endeavor -o gi-t out of their embar
rassment are amusing enouglh. We re
menber to have been much delighted the
first tune we heard the wooing of a noble
lord, now nio more, narrated. Ili; lordship
was a man (if talents and enterprise. of
slainless pedigree, and a liair rent roll, but
the veriest slave of h1ashfulnesq. I.ike all
timid and quiet men, lie was very suscepti
ble anl very contati, as long as he was in
he iabit of seeing the object of his ake
Lions daily. lie chanced at the beginning
of an Editbaurghi winter, to lose his heart to
M iss - ;.atd as their families were in t he
1abits of intimacy, he had frequent opipor
unities of meeting withi her. lie gazed
nd ji,hed ineessanlly-a very Dumbe
likes, but that he had a larger allowance
if brain; lie followed her every where ; he
eft jealous, uncomfortable, savage, if she
ooked even civilly at aiother: and yet,not
xithstanding his stoutest resoltione: not
vithstanding the encouragement alTorded
aillm by the lady, a woman of sense, who
aw what his lordship would be at, esteemed
ns character, was superior to girlish af'ee
ation, and made everv advance consistent
viah womatly delicacy-the winter was
list fading into spring, and lie had not yet
got his imotth opened. Mamma at last fost
all palience, and one day, when his lordship
vas taking his usual lotsuge in the drawing
oom, silent or ati occasional monosylable,
he good lady abruptly left the room and
ocked the pair inl alone. WheNt his lord
hip, otn essaying to take his leave. discov
-red the predicament in which Ie stood,
i desperale fit of resolution seized himn.
kliss - sat hending most assiduously
ier hier needle, a deep blush on her cheek.
Iis lordship advanced towards ter, but los
- , .. . " in estence to
ler drd-or the rooni. He retina.,s
lie charge, but again withott effiect. At
at, nerving' himseiflike one about to spring
i powder mine. he stopped short before her
-. Miss- will you marry me?" "With
;reat pleasure my lori," wias the answer
,iven, in a low, sa"aevhat tinid but unfal.
ering voice, while a deeper crimson suf
usel the face of the speaker. And a right
Iood wife she made hin.-Edniburgh Lit
GFNERAY. l'xi1 Foa RlEA tT,. I-(roan
lie fonriee-ith edition of a very sensible lit
le biook,entitled. "The Frugaillnusewille.')
lIise early, eat .im1ple food. Take plen
) of exercise. Never fear a little fitigte.
Let riot children lie dressed in tight clothes;
t is necessary their limls aid msuscles
;holil have full play, ifyou wish for either
jealih or heauty.
Avoid the necessity of a plihysician, if vou
.inn, by carefil atention to yotr diet. Eat
what hest agrees with your systemtl, and
ahbsolutely abstain from what'hurts you,
however well you may like it. This h,as
dLrive oil manty ai approaching disease.
If Vot find yourself really ill, send for a
' Iod plsiian. I lave nth1ing to alo with
luacks- and dt not tamper with quack neadi
vines. You do not ktaow what tihey are;
11tnad what seurity have you that they kiow
what they are?
Wear shoes ahat are large enough: the
contrary noi only 1prodnes cortis but makes
Lie feet misshapen and cramps thei.
Wash veary oten.ti anda rub the skian thor
ougly wiath a hard't brausha.
Let atose whou love tao lie inalids adritnk
straotg graeen teat, aeat ptickles, pareeves, :atad
rich pazstry. As faur as possible, eat atd
sleep tat regular htouras.
WVash a le ayes thoirotngbaly in colal water
every tmornm;.:a. l)o noat reada or sewv at
twilight, or by ton dazzlinag ai lighit. If
lfar sighatedl, read with rallier less lighat, atal
wvith the boaok sotaeawhtat nearer- tat the eye
thana you desire. lftnear-sightead, readl witha
ai botok as far off as possitde. IHoth th ese
iiperfectioans may be dimtinishted in this
Clean youar teetha itn ptare wvaler two or
three tiumes a dlay; buit above all, be suae
yuan have thtems eleana befaore y'ou go tat bead.
Ii ave youar haed-chambelaar wvelI airead, anid
have freshbe linenatt every week. Never
have thec winid blowinig dlireally upont you
tharougha openu winadows during the aight.
It is noat haealhy to sleept in hecataed rootms.
L.et chailarena haave itheir ba-ead nad mtilk
biefore they haave bceen loaig tup. Calad wa
ter atnd a run itn theu fresh air befibre break
E x-raAonotiav lI)scovE av.--Thue Dantni
has fo,r anya~ ceturies betn celebrated for
a dlecisive battle hietweent thae Danes aid
the Staxonis, entire skleletonas, btoadies dlecoma
posedl, artour, atnad wvarlike wveapons of the
most auncieat calibre, have beenti-omn timea
to time adiseovered, excitinig the inqutiry of
the aat!iquarian anti the tastonishmatent of the
natives, atnd many a spear that glittered itt
the sunibeamuts lies daeeply buried thterb. A
more accent circtumstanace is niow~ the all
enigrossinig toptic, atid the goodl fadks of Mar.
gate ore againa wonderinag, - Blelle Vmue Cot
tage, a dctached residence, has been Ittn
ly purchased by a gentleman, who, having
occasion for sonic alterations, directedthe
workmen to excavate some few, feet, du
ring which operation the work was impeded
by a large stone: tile gentleman being imine
diately called to the spot, directed a minute
examination, I'hich led to the discovery of
an extensive grotto, completely studded in
shells with curious devices, tmost elaborately '
worked up, extending an immense dis
tance in serpentine walks alcoves, and
lane, the whole forming one of the most cu
rious interesting sights that can possibly be
conceived,and which must have been execul
ted by torch light.
A Goon Cow.--The value of a good cow can
scarcely be overestimated. A good cow is one
of the greatest benefactions ever bestowed upos
the humian fiintmly in the form of a qnadrnpcrl;
and every friend to true respectability and nmerit,
will be mnore than half inclined to take off hi,4
hat to tuelh a noble aiini; for she certuibly does
!ore good im her way thine inost of the noliv pol
iticians im the coitry in any way. We 'havo
k nown a cow that for several years imiade a return
to Ier owner, of more tan on hnilndred and fifty
dulfars every year I- the sale oflier mnilk at iTre
cents a ginart; anld we know an iiitare wherft
ni holinest man, who had beconite titerly bank.
rupt, in the best of all possessions. an idepen.
lent spirit and a deternunation to live within his
Ileans, supported hiniself, wife anid children, for
six nliontlis with nit) other inicouse or resource
than the milk oW one goodl Cow.
We say we have kimown somie sieh cows; ait
we deein themnt very worthy acfinaiitance. If
it is not an honor, it is certiinly a pleasure to
have known them; and we are not surprised at
the suspersiition of the poor Ilindoos, who iade
the cow an otbject of idolatrons worship- With
ippetites not depraved by luxury, they sat clown
Inder her flowing ndder afier the fati~gies of toil
aid the exhaustiois of heat, to regale theonselves
iroiin tis daily flowing ibuitain. with a zest like
that which die parched Aribatiproachesa spring
ainontg the inrning sands; alid now in some parts
ofthe world, where rural lil*e exists ini all its sin
lificity the poor cottager and his children may
be seen with their basins at night gathering
around this their daily betiefactor with the same
gatetidl pleasure with which tho Israelites came
arOund tile gashing fountains froni the rock itn
Respect and ionor the cow; treat her well; be
grudge her no kindness: 'here is no animal that
will iore fully compen-.snte your liberality; and
when we hear farmers say, as we ollen- do, in a
boasting wny, how intch Gutter and milk they get
from their cows. and then add, "but they go in a
very poor pasture and we give them nothiug,and
in winter keep theit upon nothing better tan
fresh meadow hay," we are halfdisposed to say
that such owners deserve nothing, and oughtt t
o i the same pasture with their cows. As wo
.ve said on a former occasion, it is flse and
of native stock, and raised by her present owner.
It adds to the imany proofs which are constantly
presenting themselves, to) establish the great po
sition that our present dairy stock requires only
carefutl selection and good keeping to furnish as
valitable race of inilkimg aniinals as we can ex.
peet tit obtain by the imnportation of tle best breeds
that have yet been brought into the country.
Mathogany.-A letter front Port an Platt.
dated Aug. 21st states that a law lins hce
recently lssed by the flaytien Congress
which prohibits the cutting of mahogany
i any poroni of the Islaid after the fitstof
January next. The Journal of Commereo
observes: "We do not well understand tho
motives of such a law, btt it is supposed to
ie the encouragement of agrietilture, and
the preservatiot of tile principal staple of
tI e island. which, it is said, is already grow
Ai amusing story is told of a traveller.
who etiontintered a remarkably scanty (till
ner at Cheltenham, for which ie wascharg
ed enormously, wleit lie threatened that the
landlord should have causo to remember
this extortion as long as lie lived. Accord
itgly, wherever the gentleman wandered
over the habitable gll)Ie, lie invariably dis
giised his handwriting, ami directed it dou
tile letter to lte hotel. The contents wern
a1tways otne siingle beillellCe, "I shall never
Corget the excelletit dinner you gave Ime on
the -8th of Aigust." The tinforltmtua
-ldlord was at last narly rtined, aeet even
(nti Cin ia this~ pertinlacious corresplondenit
coutrived to forwardt his tusual epiathe.
JewishL Ditrorce.-Jewvishr process of di
voreLO says ani old linglishi pubilicaltion, is
short, and1 tunamttendled iib expiese. Each
party enters tile syniagogue attenede by
two press where arfter stating the cause
of' edil'renice, tihe woman is asked if she is
wiiltinig toe part with tier htusband, and Oil
ansawering in the allirmative, lie throws at
her the hilt 0f dtivorceeiient, each spiitting ini
each other's face, atnd exclaiming "enlirsed
be they who shalhl wish to britng us together."
Pt:ast .a NI:w5PAPE:n.-A newspaipter
was established oni thle 1st of.Juannary last,
anid now appears I wiCe a week, at TIeheruni,
the first pulienrtion f th le L inde ever tundier
takeni in Persia. .It is lithotegraphled on twovi
pages o1 a largec sheet ofl thiuck hpaper, the
first and the last peages bieing bIotlhbnk.
At t he top of th t weo prinitedl pages rare I ho
arnis ofi Petsia. a lioni ramtpanit, bearintg the
suin taponi his hced, restintg onie paw ont a
globe, atid holdinag in the other ,Ta w a drawn
sword, w ith tile mlotto--'iThe jion of G oe
is all p)owertid." One page is dledicated to
the otliciat ntews of Persia. butt it is rakly
titled. Th'i oilier conitins genierail tnew,
chtiolly consistinig of unitmportanit anecdotes.
At the [totiomi is inscribed-" Printed at
Tlehieran, in) the hantso of the Califat, for the
instruction of the w orld ."
Virtues of a Cowhide.-"11allow, neigh
hior, whant lie ye golin' to do with that rare
cowhide?" " Why, i've got a tarnation
crettir of ia boy wvhat forgets to go to school,
and I want to iog his memt'ry.''