Newspaper Page Text
AUGUSTA, Oct. 17.
The Convention met at 1 o'clock, in.
stead of 12, as the committee of 21 were
not ready to report at that hour.
At the request of the President. the dele
Pates who had arrived since the last ad
Journmeut, came forward and registered
The Secretary the", read ithe minutes of
the last meeting, which were confirmed.
James G. Holmes, Esq. of Charieston,
then rose and stated to the Conventio'n that
the committee appointed yesterday to re
eeive subscriptions from the membmers for
the purpose of procuring a Silver Cup, to
be presented to Wmn. Dearing, Esq. of Ath
ens. had discharged that duty, and he hoped
the Chairman of that committee woul be
allowed to present the same; which was
granted. This ceremony produced quite a
sensasion in the Convention-E. Bellinger,
Esq. the Chairman of the committe, came
forward, in behalf of the Covention, and
after one of the most feeling addresses we
have heard for some time, presented the
Cup to Mr. Dearing-concluding his ad
dress with the hope that he might long
live to enjoy the reputation of being the
"first one who proposed the Commercial
Convention, and ono whom we claim. not so
--much the son of Georgia as of the South'"
that this Convention might he the means of
adding the happiest results to the prosperi
ty of the Southmand that he would esteem
the gift, not so much for its value,iut asthe
best legacy he could leave his children, to
emulate them to follow his worthy example
in behalf of the commerce of the South.
Mr. Dearing rose, mch excited, and
returned his thanks to the Convention and
the Committee, for the honor done him-it
was more than lie merited-hut if what
little lie had been instrumental in doing,
should result to the benefit of the South
and Southern commerce, so long as his life
was spared. exertion on his part should not
be wanting to place it on a sure and perma
On motion of Ker Boyce, it was then
Resolved, That the Pr'esident and Vice
Presidents of this Convention he permitted
to take part in the discussions.
Judge Longstreet, chairman of the com
mittee of 21, then rose and read the Re
port and Resolutions of the Commtittee.
The report we' will give as soon as we can
obtaim a copy of it-the resolutions follow.
1. Resolved, That the members of this
Convention will use their best exertions in
their respective States, to form trading as
sociatins, in order to carry into effect the
purposes of this Convention.
2.!Resolved, That increasing the facili
ties of intercommunication by Rail Roads
and Canals, between the interior Western
undjSouthm.Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico
States,are among tie most important meas
utsof restoring to the Commercial Ports
of the latter, the direct trade which has so
recently departed from them.
3. Resolved, therefore, That while it is
strongly recommended by this Convention,
to the dilferent States to afford every possi
ble aid to approved works of internal im
provement, having the above objects in view
it is equally obligatory on the companies or
corporations chartered for said objects, to
consider their works as but parts of one
great design, and so harmonize and co-ope
rate in their operations as to produce through
those great arteries and eeins of the com
mercial body, a circulation, as pet-feet as
that which tnourishes and animates the hu
4. Resolved, That the Banking institi
tions of the respective States in which they
are located, catinnot moree surely advnmce
their own imnterests. in connectioni with time
public prosperity, than by alToring sumccor
in thmeir hegmmngs, to tihose geatt worksa.
wvhtch, intendedi to developie time hidde-n me
sources of iterior coumntries, tmust in returnm
reciprocate to those instittutionts time benefits
of an increasimg andi extemnded commmerce.
5. Resolved, therefore, Thaxt while time
beneficial eifeets of batnking privileges so ju.
diciously granted by the States of Tennmes
ee, North and Sothi Catrolina amid Geor
gia, to the Central and Athens, andi tihe
Chmarleston and Cimncinnati Ramil Roads,
have been most clearly deimnstrated in
the successful progress of those great works
to completion-it mocst respect fully suggests
to time consideraiom oif time othe.r South
Western States, (requmirinig atm extension of
banking capital) thazt aid, thmroumgh similar
institutions, be granted onm Rail Rtoads anmd
other works of imnprovemnent, wvithin their
own humis. havinig in view time importanut
designs of more intimnate comimercial andI
social relations amrong themselves, ins well
as with the more remote Stattes of time in
6. Resolt'ed, That time banks of te seve
ral States lie respectfully solicited to forum
Commercial contnexionis, with like instimu
tionis or campitahists ini Eumope. for the puir
pose of furnishinmg facilities to a dir-ect trade
between Souithertn admd South Westerni
States, anti that country.
James Gi. H olmes, of Charleston. moved
that time report be accepted; but before any
vote wvas takenm, 1. IE. Holimes, of Chamrleg
tuni, rose andi addressedi the Conventmion ait
length. tirging time mnecessity of action, amid
itmpressimg on mthe miinds of membniers that
unless they came to time resoltiinl of imi
tating their northmern brethenm, ini industry
and eaterprize, all the conventions that can
b~e called togethier will do but little good to.
wards accomrplishing a direct trade in the
South. We might umeet together year after
year, attribuite our present situation to the
workings of time Federal Governmment as
much as we pleased-pass what resolumtions
wechmose-but all wouId do nogootd, unless
wve placed our shoulders to tho whmeel--..wve
must set about aend extemnd our colnmmni
eations withi thme initerior by Rail toads, &c.
and bunildl our owvn shipis and mam thtem he
fore we could hmope to comp~eto withm our
northern brethren. Persevernce, lie ar
gited, would accomplishm imuchi. anmd it was
perseverance, accom panied by inidustry amid
eater prise,that gave to New York lier pres
ent elevated statiotn atnong time conmmercial
cities of the world.
Before any vote wvas t aken otn Mr. hfolmies'
motion that time Repot-t anid Rteslumti~lii of
the committee of 21 shmonli be received, Mr.
J. H1. liammointd, of Sont h Catrolinam, Dmmoved
-that such portioni of the p reamble -and reso
ltmtiomns-as recommendamed to time Stptes time
Charteriog of Rail JRoads with Bankim
privliegs should be erased. This motion
led to nlucb discussion, in which Messrs.
Hammond, A. B. Longustreet, J. P. King,
E. Bellinger, Jesse Been, and J. A. Cal
boun. supported the motion. and Messrs. P.
Noble, J. M. Berrien, Ker Boyce J. 0.
Holmes, and B. F. Dunkin, opposed it.
At this stage of the proceeditngs, in order to
conciliate all parties, Mr. C. .1 Jenkins of
Augusta, rose and ofl'ered the follo wing reso
lution, which was'unaninously adapted as
a substitute to the fifth resolution reported
by the committee
Resolved. 'That the Lecislatures of each
Southern and South-Western State-, he re
cEomtmended to enquire whether there he or
not, in each Sate. it suliciency of Banking
Capital, and if found insuflicient, to provide
for its increase in such manner as may he
deemed safest and most conducive to the
interest of Southern commerce.
Judge Longstrcet then moved that the
Convention adjourn till 10 o clock to-mor
row, Judge Berrien rose and stated to the
Convention that, having been unexpectedly
called on to attend this Conventioen, it
would be ont of his power to remain tomor
row; he had ins his possession some resolug
tions adopted at a meeting held in Suvai
nah, which he was intructed to present to
the Convention, and if the members would
grant him the favor, he would ofl-lr them
helitre the emotion for adjournment was ae
ted oi. Leave was granted him, after
which, he read the resolutions, which were
received by the Convention. and ordered to
be engrossed on the titiinutes.
Judge Berrien, then moved, with the cgn
sent of.ielge l.onigstreet. that the report
and resoltions of the committee of 21, as
ametiled. should be taken up and acted on,
which was deone,and the report and rosolu
tions were adopted.
Patrick Noble, Esq. then offered the fol
Re.oleed, 'Tht an ndjitrne trieeting of
this Convention e held in Charleston, S.
Carolina. ott the third Monday in April,
1839, and that the delegates here assemt
bled adopt such mensures as mtay he ieem
ed expedient in order to insure a full repre.
sentation of their respective sections, and
to keep the objects of this Convention he
fore the people of theseveral States piarticu
larly interested in their necomplishment.
On motion of Col. Dexter, of Alabama,
Resolved, That this Coniventiot repect
fully recommend to the Legishatrtte of the
several Southern and South Wetern States
their co-operation in leading works of inter
nal improvement, by the application of the
credit or resources of the: State in conjunc
tion with individual capital.
On motion of Maj. Marsh, of Burke
Resolved, Thrt the President appoint a
Commitiee to publish and distribute the
proceedings of this Convention, and that
that Committee be composed of residentso
G. B. Lamar, Esq., of Savannah, then
rose and stated that as the Auguta and
Charleston delegation had each borne the
expense of publishing the former proceedings
of this Convention, he hoped the Savannah
delegation would he allowed the privilege
of doing so on the present occssion; which
was agreed to by the Convention, without
a dissenting voice.
On motion of Judge Berrien, it was unan
Resolred, That the thanks of this Con
vention he tendered to the President, Vice
President aned Secretary of this Cotivei
tion, for the able manner in which they have
discharged their duties; that the thanks of
the Convention he also rettirned to the"'I'rs.
tees of the Presbyteriatn Church for the use
of' heir building, and to the citizens of Au
gusta for their hospitality.
(it motion of E. Bellinger,
Resolved. Th'lagttiur incere thinkhs antde
gratefuil neknowledegemients lie tendeeredl to
Mtaj, Nathaniiel WV. Ceicke, ltr the, promip
titue(, coetn'ies si and ilhity "ith wvii'h
he hai' t n iee dlischar'ged the airdinouss duti
devolvinig ont thle Se'cretary of' thne Com'i
T[he Contvmine then adjons'ed t meld''
at Charlestoni oni the thir'd M~onday in Agnrid
AUGurrTA. Oct. 18.
DINNER TO TI'l C(ON VIsNT'ON.
Lass evening at six ti'clock the Nhembters
of the Conventioni sat dow ni to a 515niiptusis
and splendid dinnier, at the Masonie lall,
gsiven to beem thetm by the citizenis oft
Augusta. It wvas ptrepareed by Mr. Wal
totn, of the Uniit'ed States ltetel int his b--st
style. A large nimber oif tonsts, regitm
and volunate'er, were dr'ank on the oer:a-jin,
anid a numbler of animiate~d aid elogqte'-m
specechies were miaede.
RLEGUI.A R TOASTS'.
I. Our C.outry---Our love fear her beginis
at home; but it duca unat end there.
2. Political and Commercial Iidepen.
de'nce--Ourt fatthiers fouti~ for the one-l's
their sons work for the other.
3, The Northern States----Pitmers in,'en.
torpraze most fotnored nlien bte'st inuiinted.
4 Tenrnessee-Maing her first alpear
ance at tut' ''third asssembly,"' like a miens
frntm beyonde the motuntains. It is her privi
lege to opent tile hall,"'
After she atpplauise which was dra wn forth
by this semuamens hadti subisided, Col. .Je'rne
gait, a Delegate fromi Tlennessee, rotse ande
responded to it in a very haiindsomie miainner,
and concltuded by offer'inig a sentimemai
highly appropriate to the tccassiong,
6 Virginnm-Th'e cuip of her fame is fuall
-she hits biut to fill that of her prosperity
6. North Carolina-Modest ail utnass'u.
ming, 'tnt pure as her own gold.
7. South Carolina-The flametes oif her
commercial emtipuriutn have but brightenedl
the path of her high destiny.
The Iiont. B. F. Dtukini, of Charleston,
respondteed to this sentitimentt ini it msot lhnp
py) atnd eloqutent tmanner', tao ihe great delight
of the comnpany-concluadingr his -espomnse
with the relation of cii ainedote illuistraitive
of the character of Georga, a htieh wa'ls a
muasing in the htightest degree.
8. Alabama-Rising fromt her 'late de
pressiont like n giant from his wtinie,"
Mr, Bleene was c'alledl up bty this senti
nmnt imi hionor'ot' his State, anal ini a shtm-t
bumt itt)pressive spteech pledgedl thle ecoope(r
ationi ot Alabama'. itt the great etnterprize otf
Sout hern junphortatti.its.
9. Miasippi --The fert ile valle o f he
Majestic River itvites Iher' to ngrienisnral
industry--:ts deep Aerenninlir.,...eck
ons her to commercial enterprise. L1
not her people he deaf to sneh appeals.
Col. John H. Miller', of Mississippi, one
of the three l)eleentes from that State, was
called up by this toast, and responded to it
in a very happy manner.
10. Florida-May the productive value
of her fruits, equal the beauty ofherflowers,
To this sentiment, Col. Gadsden, of Flor
ida. President of lie Convention. respond=
ed in at few impressive remarks character
istie of the man and honorable alike tio him=
selfand the teritory he relresented.
I1. Georgia-Her natural positiuu points
to her high destiny. She will not lhe slow
in pursiing it.
(; W. Crawford. Esq. being loudly call.
ed when the applause for this sentisment had
subsided. responded to it in a very eloqent
and veritable speech, which was listened
to with great attention by the company
A large umher os volunteer toasts were
also given aid a number of other speeches
matle, the festivities of the occasion being
consined until a late hout at night: but as
we have been unable to obtain but very few
of them we have deemed it unnecessary to
From the Charlestn Patriot.
Till-' IRECT TlRA1DE.
We have d welt on the necessary agency
of the Btanks in the prlmotuotiin of a direct
intercourse with Eurole--lat, in enabling
our icrebantst.I. to purchase in Europe, by
metans of letters of credit, and 2nd, to sell
on extended credit in tle U. States by the
discounn of lon, paper. The Bank of
Charleston has holdly led the way in eff'eet
inc the first object. That institution grants
lets. rs of credit lir the moderate charge of
I percent, which is not above as reasonnhle
gusarautce furenIdorsing 'he credit of liries.
It now remains for the other istitutions
of le city. in couLnexion with the Rail Roid
Bank, to perform their part, hv discount
ing- the paper receiving by our wholesale
mnerchants hom their country eustoners.
Withaut the due combination of the-e two
elentents of credit, it is unnvailiug so enter
into competition with the New York im
Next in importance to these means is the
establishment of linres or Packets whether
by Steam or Satilin Veels, so as to in
sure regularity of cottimunication Thi, is
a necessary ingredient in tiny scheme for
the recovery of the )iret't Trade. The
object of profit should toit lie sought, and.
if necessary, it should he sacrificed, at the
outset, to establish a regularity of commu
tication by a line of sailing or steam pack
ets. Let th ie mierelhants of Charleston and
Sayannah commtuenee tla work, by showing
a disposition to subscribe liberally towards
it thetmselves, and inviting co-operation
frot public spirited smiivid uals, in the in
terior towns, so as to acquire fonds for a pur
pose which is intinaely blended with any
well cosidered plan of Direct Trade. Un
comtutmed capital and individunal enterprse
are inadeqluate to this ohj. cs. I requires
coimbimatiui of tionied meuis.
As part of she plan, les agenss be sent to
tillereut paris of Enrope, with which it
would be advanutageos to establish a direct
imtercourse. Let these agents bring to the
view of the capitalists of Liverpool and
Havre, the benefits to le obtained, by un
folding to their view the resources
South--the u:nsural advanautetshe
Cities present for uninterrulted commee'e,
im heimg accessible by sea all the year round,
the prospaective profits of an extended in
tercourse connected w ith our pro.Iets ofin
ternal i" isprovei'ent, now in progress of
execution, in la iig opens) to eonmmerc'ial en
terprize t tautly of enssomemr, in the interior
searcely inu-ls d b, any limits of spat'e.
i'the best con-inetjlmnces may he expected
by thes' apptm- tnt f actve and intellgenit
aigents forttl~ ~the purp,. It is isi this nmatn
mart-it kis) tt .s' esmploymens~5t ofl gsts mi
lhe snterstar, whlos inv 'te athe counmitry tmer
eb ats to seek hiir -,n pIlites ini Cha'srlesosn,
thus the w hole sale dry gm odis und grocery
tasasmess sit thi, city has besen sitosnasit .e
tendettd sit base y'ears. Sueh atre th mi ieas
bsy which the isaerioar is broutght intso chase
uand contstiant commn iast ison wsith the Sea
lioamrd, atnd it is by si mmilar aans thsat the
Sauthecran cities shmoulsd exatend andas strenigsha
eni their mtesrcouirse n ith the mnerchants aind
csaitalts5of Euarope. Nothlinig can, or will
lbm eflected alapermaettt aidvanitage ina pr
uaiotismn sit thes IDirect T1rade', stless it is bay
s le co-prations oif foreigti enapitaal, which
snet~h ugency can alane accomphlish.
M'iatanso-ro. N. C. Oct t9.
We are ha.mpp) mm learncm that the R ihoinig
tont andh lialifiax Itail Rsad Coitamany have
mipeneds two saetlins tof their Itail Itmoad,
one ast the ssors h.arst ntl otf I- m tiles ina m'x
teait, w hich ttaimap the Iliadm sunitha:rdly
tsi Enltield, 1atsh er, oif I0 miles in ls-mt-s
whilcairrie,. it to Faismmn'-, De'pmt. iat Gos
hen comptlle'tmsa therebmjls , $7sailes sof time
R all ltmad. nsatt redneuing the staiging tin 90i
musines mnly. # e aire inifors'ns'ld thaut I0 miles
stnart will be' tinishted itt Noavssmber. ands l10
ini Deembaler snext . leavsing. at thast timie,
bsat (30 asales mif then lIonmd to bes donae, wisest
she swthe will be compsiletedh
Th'ie Comnpanay are now r'tuinsg dauily
their lRail fload aind Staae Line' from this
pilnce to u' elon, sin she itoasnoke, atnd the'ir
Steatmaonts 3 htt, a week htetayw-en this
andm Chiarlstin. -Advertiser.
Tusst MlAiI.: BliousNAar....-While the
ne wspaperm's htav e beein dleckrna war, andai
pubbalshmiat rsumaors mat wa ass, ina rel~saso to the
stnrvey oft slim Norsthi- lastern linndairy by
lie ('omnsassoniers oaf slhe Smtt of Maine, it
appears iba G ov. Knmt lhams lbes) mtindinag
Iis ona' bintess, antI proceeding regularly
itt te work. liv a copay onf thte correshpt
dence, puliishedml inhe Frederictoni Sensti
iteh, is appleairs thaut mastheam 25th Ise$pteamber,
(ov. Kesnt addhmressedl a letter ta ,Sir Joahn
Hlairvey, Lieiteanta Gosvernor if te Prov
sce oaf Ne-w IBrunswic-k, erselosing a conpy
of she resolhve tof ihe Maine Legsslatur-e un
dler w'htichs Ciammni.m iersw&er~e iappointtedn,
andt notil\ sig thai lfiritish (Gvernomr of htis
appohstmesttint of Mle-srs. Dennetm, Niartona,
anad Irish as Commiistisioner~s, andl Williams
P. Ihia't. as Sursve'ymor. Gm ernorat Kent
coimmniinentes toa Lient. Gov. Iliarvey his
lmstrusetimans st the csamistissian, sto ascertaini
hay exam sia ato uapon time t'ace maf thes easr ha.
thte ass- sahl fetst, mush ths practicabaility of
runntin,. amash ocasisng a due Narth ti..e, ac
ctardling toa our conarnettions tat the trea5tv
ntd toa obltain in topoagrapahictal report of athe
comuntiry, piartieuharl-y abomut thes North WVest
angh' oaf Nava Sc'otia. "'The stale desiga taf
this note,tt tiv. Kent adds in cn..sinn.
*Is to aive to your excellencythe facts rein
live to the nature and objeet of the expedi.
tiona under present instructions, that you
may unJerstand the exact state of the maat
ter, knowing tat there are many vague ru
iuars and unfounded reports on this subject.
eendin:: to mislead and deceive."
Sir John Harvey, in reply, under date of
Oct. 1, after acknowledging the receipt of
,the foreaoing. and stating that he did not
expect any actioon'n the part of the State
of Maine, tiller the resolution in Congress,
July 4th. concludes:
Of the courtesy of your Excellency's
comintinication, I beg you to believe that I
am perfectly sensible; and when in reply
thereio, I infori your Excelleney ihnt I
shall not deem it necessary to inerfere with
a mission, whose operatioins shall be eon
fined to the- purpose stated in your Excel
lency's letter, namely, that of merely oh
taining topographical information; it is in
cumbent upon me to add, that it will be
my iuperative duty, not to sufler any in
frimgement of the possession and jurisdic
tion which Great Britian holds in the -Ter
ritory in dispute, until the question of right
. Su it seems that there is no danger of a
war after all-and that the State of Maine
is likely to add to its present deneimentarv
proofs, in tacecurate chart, w hieh may aid
netth in future elieu-sion of the question.
New York Sun.
CHARLESTO. Oct. 26.
The Sickness abated and Business reV;
ving.--We have the ha ppine-s of announ
cing that, with the exception of a few eases
not of recent cigin, the Stranger's Fever
iny now he said to have left our eitv, and
in the ((pinion of all Physiiins our absent
friends may return to their homes in safety
;anel strangers may renew their visits of hi.
sie'ss. The dtall eahtn which prevail,-d in
our streets is ag:lin broken hy the enlv'ei
lug sounds of netive inducasr',; East Hav
and the wharves are again alive wit Ii the
rattling of loade-d drays; Cotton is arriving
in quantities from the country in wagons
and liy the rail road; the number of new
hlildings erecting is increasin again to a
full compliment: their work is r apidly in
v neing, and (harleston again wears the
old busy -eni cheerful October aspect. The
teanperature of the ait is cool and pleasant
ly braeing. There has been a slight frost
o the Neck, preceeded by several frosts in
the neighboring country.-Mercury.
TuE IIEALTH oF CnARLESTON.--After
making inquiries froni sources whieh we
deem good authority. we consider it proper
to say that the disease ns hieh h:s prevailed
to such an alarming extent in this city. for
upwards of two mnonths past, has almost
The Tallahassee Floridian of the 13th
says; Gen. Taylor, wvithi two eminptaies of
Drtgooans froai Ttampa lay, pnssed through
this city on Ttaesday list, en his way to
Chattahoochee. The General had 'with
him; a Chief of the Tallahasees, the son
of MIeamniihl a, and his negro interpreter.
His object, we learn, is to endeavor to find
the fugitive Creeks and induce them to
emigrate, as well as to aid in the removal of
the Appalachieolas. We understand the
Tallahasses and \liecosukes hnve of late
somatianosition o he fdia idly-sev
eral of their head men have been'at Tam
pa and signified their determination to col
lect their people. and emierate to the West.
The Getn. is.howevcr,iaking ietive prepat
rations for it winter caenpai+n. liet at leat
hopes to inluce the Indians to move east of
the Suwaanee, natl thus give pet-e a.el
quiet to the frontier settlers. The Indians,
general Taylor iiftrns its are not etal
edied, taeithIer in it bladievede e-y wvil IIta
agaml linna itn any considerabale numbalers.
Progress of Pulic .Sentiemenl. -T he I n
depieindent Tlreaiur~ has risent fram its Whi
hanriaal, pirectisely tas the 'ontrv hai ris-u
freomi the conafusiean amic t-ic ittaned distes
eof ile h e caonereinl ande btank revnilsien.-..
t-idle by sidle wi'lhghe retear -ing paroseaatrny
of athe coautry, has minrehiel tea its liniatl atnid
ghereaons tatnph. thaat great eecratic
pariniiplte th at t he afilhirs eof the G;overnmeten
shoualed he condulectedl exelaasivelv byv thaese
woare acconntlale tea the pteopale. ~If we
except the State of Vermont, withi whose
local piohlties we arc not very accurntely ne
qnunintedl. ini every Sture electi 'n sitnce the
resumpiattinof sptecie paaymnit. whaeae the
undepaenenet Tlreasury was nat croawed eat
lhv edomteste qutestions, the ,-tne laa gaineed
greoeanee, antd me -Nost canes si gunp lv I i trimph
ede Seauth Caaril ina, Allaama.' Mlisseanri,
Maltine, Paen ylvantia tawh (hiiohaivecearried
ii lay a tnnatierity sea sweepinar. tns tea nnean
eyven ihe emost sanin~~iiie. Tii it the lie-.
eennina. eel th en.-ihreso ercurg~
Wee unederstand thtat the Texan Minisnter
ont the eetniotn eaf exea:ainag thle rmicifie:,
tionrs eofthle blunatry conmaveeneicen Iattely pubtl
hiiseed, dlelivereed tea the Aerintg Secereriary oaf
State, ta noete, in whliech, after stiaii itn
friendtey tereaa, thtu aihheaha. since t he ntie
of Mr a. Fercythi, edeclininag t he paropoeasnion
staaubted lay Texai..for hear namaknon into
the Umeion, thet qeles~tiett of aiextationt h:ted
bae'en considleredc byx the Utitced Stattes Gov
e'rnenet an it hnllyelespfined eaf: yei i~s
match an the impilrenisin tipphetarede still toa
remt 1ina uponii the plateic mii ini hoeem ce
tries tat the piroposeitiont wa,- stijll tietelog
lie hadl tbeen iatriactede lay thin Goaverneine
to commumietiaeate to the athe Uniitedl States
its foarmnal attdc :eshele w'.ithadrtawal of that
NE :w OntFa.ss, Oct. 16.
Specie.-The teawbotutt, Paorpaeise, Calit.
Clark. hroughat toa the city S27M00 itt geld
ande silver, fream the Untit'ed Staten shipa
Erie. and Unuitedl Sitates sehr. Grmipes;s
haotha vessels are fromr T'amplicoe andte the other
contiguoaus iints eaf Metxico. T[he foareter,
tafter puig lien specie eta boaeed he teaw
hieat, sailede for Penasaeoeln,the lattern remuaeas
at ancehor inse the 8 W. liar. Every
iig was quiet whena thesie vessels left
BOS-rON. Oct. 16.
The Ohio, shipa of the linae, wvill saiil this
itifrrmti if the witnd Ihe favorable, fear New
York, et uake eataIbearde her tarmenueat, atnd
will preaceced thienea teo the Medeeiterrane:em
and take her place as flag sipo hea a' United
Staten squiaedroan ea thaat slatioan. Trhais
spalrendie thure'e-deccker undicer weagh is t n ight
woretth seeing--Com. Isaac Hull, Coman
From the New Orleans Bee, Oct.1.
INTmcays-rtNu NantarivE.-Aimong the
ves-els lost on the Florid.a riee dursng the
memorable gale of the 7 th and 0th Sept.
lust. our readers may remember the brig
Olney. Cap.. homas. This vessel,whictm
hai left St. Jago de Cuba .r few days pore
vious with a cargo composed ol a uillhou
of eigams, a quantity of tobacco, and a large
number ofecedar logs, was wrecked on Fe I
duy, the 7th Sept. about l miiles to tihe
north of cape Florida. She had attempted
to an. hor, but the tempiest was so viole t
that both her anchors sn.apped like puck
thread, and she wasdraven high and dry on
the Florida shore. The 'persoas on boart,
c.mpamrisiug the crew 0l sesen len. and a
single passenger, remained in the' brig in
thie contaml expectation that the wreekess
in the ,neighborhood would come to their re
lief- iwo days after the Oluey had gone
ashore, while the captain and crew were at
breakimst, the report of rifles was heard.
Every one rejoiced in the belief that asist
'alce was at hand. On ascending the deck
what were the sum prise and horror of these
poor fellows, at beholding the brig in posses
sion of some twenty ferocious and well -an
ed Indians, who had collected on the star
hoard quarters, and who menaced them
wimh immmaediale death in case of the slight
est rsisance. The crew were totally us
armed. and implicit obedience to mime mer
ciless savages constituted their sole chance
of ultimate safety.
'hey were ordered by signe to remove
the eigars from the hold and throw them on
the beach. About one hundred im .if boxes
had been removed, when captain Thomnas,
a hoIild ami irritable man. refused unecoudi
tionally to throw away any mcv' of his
cargo. One of the savages, enraged at his
disobedience, knocked him down with the
butt end of his rifle. This was the signal
of attack, a volley of imilets was immaedi
aely dis'harged at the unfortunate com
manudr, and having been pierced by two
rifle halls, he was hurled yet l.reahiing on
the beach. One of the wretches lerceiv
ing that he still lived, seized the hatch bar
mand plunged it into his breast, extinguish
Snig every remnant of life. The crew were
then comnanded to go ashore. Seacely
had they touched the land, whea a second
dise;m'ge of rifles was made, by which five
were killed. Of the remaining two, one
who had escaped unwounded, fled so fast
that the Indians were unable to overtake
hin,. 'I'ihe otiher, Johnson by name, sprang
towards some low bushes which grew at a
short distance. and having heard that green
branches were considered by the savage as
a miken, of peace, lortunately bethought him
sell of maksng an eftort to have his life
spared. lie plucked one of the bushes from
the ground, fell on his knees, and held it up
with signs of sulpplication. The savages
understoud the appeal. and hme ways fiur a too
meat sufe. T'hey gave him an axe, and
poimig to a smark which was lying at
soume dmstan'e on the shoreutomn upmward-.,
lie was commamnded into it. Ile obeyed, and
i'the Indians atok ia quantity of heef out of it
which they mamde himn carry to their en
campmment, w hich w as some miles from
the spot. Having arrived there, it ap
pearetl the savages had only postponed the
deat h of the poor fellow, for several of them
levelled their rifles at him, and were about
to fire, when a squan rushed out of a wig
wuam, placed herself hefore him, and inter
*.ded a"tpiw..-.fu4y -se his iit, that the
indians left him unharmed, and entered
As soon as Johnson found himself unoh
served, he started with all speed which tihe
love of life coild infuse in his frame, and
-iomn reached the brig, lie ascended her
sides, ani stioed himself among a nimber
f cedar blocks which were on the deck.
ile lamy times e for tl hoummrs, tr'emmbling withm
applrehiemsicmn. mandi mxpmcmting mmenmmltarily
mime rmtnurn iif mie Iimdianms, whlien mnmst lhmp
1mly, two nt ree'kers cammmin m sit thme crew
jumpedi~i lin bioardi the' Olnmey, anti were fe
hecitamtig m hemmselves onm tihe ex'ellentit prize
hev haid unaminedl, whleu thme Indmmi.m,- were
mincm mommre seemn approiachmin.img. Johnm,om imm
memmcl mtel a lppearedm from his hidimmg pliace,
anud callmed to thmemi i save themseve,..
Theicy all jumped on the shmore frum thie
hiows omf time brig, which lay ahlonmi two feet
from time water. Johnmsoni followedi, andi
nichi was the despierame resoluiticin producedl
byv the dreadl ofideatha, mimat Ihough lie kmnew
nmothmg (if swimmming, lie hioidly struck mmmi
into time dieep waler reachied time wreckmers
boats, wsas aken up. comnvey'ed mmm bomardi m he
Ammerica. frotm thmence was carried to Ke'v
WVest, afterwards to liavanma, in mime if.
isiates schoonimer Wavmye. and wvas event inaliy
conveyedl to New Or'lcants. Tme other in
diiducal whio sained himmse'lf by riannilmy,wams
taken Ilp bmy the Ammerica, anud is ntow in
Vt e hmave thmis sinmpie himt thimmiling arra
live fromi time lips of George Jemhnmson him
self, mand haii'- little domubt of its entire acen.
ramcy. We lave' gi veil ii aclmos in time very
lanmiunmge e'mIml bmy imm. As is mnot mn
comminm, lie is indcebted for his life to thme ina.
terposmition of a womiani.
icciy, Oet. 9.
A ilicuetlty occurred onm Tumesday evenig
last, mum this city. hmetween MIr . lilant andl
a imamin' y me nmame *f Jumhn Brady, whmich
resttllad in thme deathomf thn formaer.--.A Co
rimner's inincest wvac hieldi anmd a verdict giv
en; thait time deedi was commmitte'd in self
Onm Satumrdlay evening last, an amfT'ay took
place hem ween Geoirge S. Lomvimng amid Wm.
WV l'hmoampsolm, which also teriimtemd inm
the dlemalh of the laster, WVe tmtude'mstamd
that Loving has samde his escape.--Tele
Tme following is a short inutmming up uof
time feideral defeat imn Ohlio, bmy a hoco -pimco
piress att Comlumbmms. it is homiest amid pithi.
Tme e'lchtr's conmsolationm is enviahie.--Bat.
RoiuTIen, HoasE, FouT ANn Dsaaeous.
--We, the whmigs of Ohmic are heaten, amid
that omest essentlially. We have no mitiga
timig eircumsmaces-no saving claulseN-noi
conisolaionm, unless it h~e thmat our barethrenm
in P'enmnsyivania are sonmewhat worse beat
en thean we are."
Tme recent electionas imm Maryland, Ohimi
andii Pennisylvanmi showv hmow wuiftlly thev
(thn Wh'iigs) haive been disa ppinmit'd-shomw
that ano reliance camn be plated onm thn virtume
aa inteligence oif a peopile whiemn thec armm
of tamwer i, biroumghm to hea~r upoinlm thm. ei.
ther to flatter their foibles or eiio thei,
passions. We have strtiggled for yjears
anfully h:,'ee the w"hit,- lought, but in vain.
I nEY HAVE. GAINED NoTittro.--. Y Era.
EDIGEFIELI) C. 11
THURSDAY. NovEMBER 1, 1838.
TO OUR ITRONS.
We must again dun our good friends.
''he operations of a Printing Ujice cannot
he conducted without Money, and we are
desirous to impress this important truth
upon such of our readers as are forgetful of
it. Many of our Subscribers are in arrears
to us, and we earnestly solicit them to liqui
date their accounts We would suggest to
those who are disposed to comply with our
request, that the Extra Court which will sit
at this place on the 3rd Monday of this
month, will afford a fine opportunity.,
Come up like men, or give your neighbors
who design attending, a Power of Attorney,
to execute your business for you.
His Excellency, the Governor has retur
ned from his military tour to Columbia.
We noticed recently, in an exchange pa
per, the death of the Rev. Lawson Clin
ton, at his residence in Georgia. In former
years, Mr. Clinton was an assistant teacher
in the male academy, at this place. He was
an excellent instructor,and an amiable man.
Commercial Convention..- We publish to
day, the proceedings of the last day's ses
sion of this body. It will be seen that reso
lutions of great moment to the South were
adopted. If speaking were all, the object
for which they met, is accomplished. But
this is not so. We must say. that we think
there has been talking enough on this sub
ject. Henceforward, let there he action !
The Augusta People's Press says, that
we learn by a gentleman from Franklin
county, that the negro anau who murde-ed
Mr. Baxter and two children, in Pickens,
S. C. has been executed. after having made
a full confession of the crime. He impli
cated some white persons in Georgia:
Among.others. says the Pendleton Mes
senger, his former on ner. Riley, who has
fled to Texas with a large proportion of the
money taken from Baxter.
Health of Charleston -The number of
deaths in this city, by Stranger's Fever,
from the 14th to the 21st of October, were
15, and 1 by Country Fever.
Georgia Politics. The Constitutionalist
says, that notwilhastandiug the election of
the State Rights ticket, and the almost e
qual division of the State Legislature, there
will be an overwhelming, majority of anti
bank members in both branches, and a large
majority in favor of the Independent Trea.
Party Nanes.-The Recorder says. our
opponents in Georgia having broken down
under their old names, Union and Van lun
ren. we suppose that the next move will he
to drop those names aumI adopt somec other,
The Constitutionalist replieb,, " Thoau::h re
tiinig the apptropriate title or Rep~ublican
party. we are perfectly willing to adohpt as
a local dlistinction, tile title of Independent
Treasury andl Atnti-National Bank Party."
The last Penrsacola Gaxette says the pre
vailing opinion on hoard of both the French
brigs of war, lately at that place, is, that the
rltfference between the French and Mexican
Governments is, ere this, brought so s
close. The negociations were in such a state
when they left the Mexican coast, that we
have no doubt they will result in a specific
atnd satisfactory arrangmnent.
"f lestard the star of empire wcends its weay."
The Chicatto mne'rican states tha' the
number otf emuigran,:s passing through that
place to Rock, F~ox, aud Illinois rivers, and
Iowa and WViwonsin Territories, is at least
one thousand ;a week.
Death of CTomm'odore (Creighaton .--Com.
Cre'ighton, of the' U. S. Navy. (lied recent
lv at the residence of his brother ntear Sing
Sing, New York.
Value of Real antd Personal Estate in N.
York.-In 1836; it was eshimnated as 634)9.
0010.000. In 18~37 at $-263,000,000. In
1938l the value hans increased more than'half
An exchange paper says that four steamn
vessels, of 1860 tons huren. ech, are to be
built at Havre, to run between that port
and New York.
Three steam packets, the Georgia, South
Carolina, and Neptune, run alternately ev
ery fourth day between Charleston and Blal
Salaries of Governors of States.-T he
Governor of Louisiana receives $75110. Of
New York and Pe'nnsylvania. *4000. Mas,
sac husetts, *3666. Souit h. Carolina. $:i-500.
Virgnia, *30:1. Maryland. *2066. Mis
sissippi and Kentucky, $2500. New Jer
sey. North Carolitna, Alabatma and Tlennes
see $3000 Maine ami Missouri. *1.500.
De'Isw'are, 1333. Ohio, 8. 200. Connec
tict, $1 100. New Iimpshire, Indinna
andl lilinois, $1000. Vermont, $700. R,
js4Dd, $400'.. .1