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foundatiot than it has e"r oecupiead sine
ThiSeertisry of the Treasury will lay.
before heiu additional infutation contain
ing new details o,this interesting subject.
To these I ask your early attention.* That
it should have given rise to great aiversity
ofopinion, cannot be a subject of surprise.
Afler the collection and custody of the pub.
lic moneys had bees for so many years
onected with. and made subsidiary to the
advancement of private interests, a return
to the simple and self denying ordinances
of the Constitution could not but be dill!
oult. But time and free discussion, elicit
ing the sentiments of the people, and aided
by 'that conciliarory spirit which has oever
charac' -'ed their course on great emer
gencies, w ere relied upon for a satisfactory
settlement of the question. Already has
this auticiptktion on one important point
at leasi--the impropriety of diverting
public money to private purposes-been
'fully realized. There is no reason tosup
pos' that legislation upon that branch of
the subject would now be embarrassed by
a dil'erence.of opinion, or fail to receive
the cordial support of a large majority of
our constituents. The connection which
formerly existed between the Government
and banks, wvasin reality injurious to bo:h,
as well as to the general interest or the
community at large. It aggravated the
disasters of trade and the derangements of
commercial intercourse, and acministered
new excitement and additional means to
wild and t'eckless speculations, the disap
pointmnents of which threw the country in
to convulsions of panic, and all but pro
duced violence and bloodshed. The in
prudent expansion of bank credits, which
was the natural result of the command of
the revenues of the State, furnished the
resources for unbohnded license in every
speciesof adventtre, reduced industry from
its regular and salutary occupations by the
hope of dbundance without labor, and de
ranged the social state by tempting all
trades and professions into the vortex of
speculation on remote contingencies.
The same wide-spreading influence im
peded also the resources of the Govern
Tnent. curtailed its useful operations, em
barrassed the fulfilment or its obligations.
and seriously interfrred with the execution
of the laws. Large appropriations and
oppressive taxes are the natural conse
quences of ench a connection. since 'hey
increase the profit ofAhose who are allow
ed to nse the public funds, and make it
their interest that money should Ie occu
mutated and expenditures multiplied. It
is thus that a concentrated money power
is tempted to become an active agent ini
political affairs, and all past experience
has shown,on which side that influence will
be arrayed. We deceive ourselves if we
suppose that it will ever lie found asserting
and supporting the rights of the commu
nity at large, in opposition to the claims of
In a government whose distinguishing
characteristic should be a diffision atil
equalization -f its benefits and burdeus,
the advantage of individuals will be aug
mented at tihe expense ofibe mass or the
people. Nor is it the nature of comibina
tions fori the acquisition of legislative in.
Iluence to confine their interference t6 the
frequently too strong to be resisted. The
inuence in the direcion of-public affairs,
of the community at large, is, therefore in
no slight danger of being sensibly and in
juriously affected by giving to a comipara
tively small, but very eficient class, a di.
rect and exclusive personal interest in so
important a portion of the legislation of
Congress, as that which relates to the cus
tody of the pubilic money. If laws acting
upon private interests cannot always be
avoided, they should he contined within
the narrowest limits, and left, wherever
possible, to the Legislature or the States.
S When not thus restricted, they lead to
eombinations of powerfutl associations, fos
ter an influence necessarily selfish. nand
turn the fair course of legislation to sinis
ter ends, rather than to obijects that ad
Vance public liberty, and promote the gen
The awhole subject now rests with you.
and I cannot .mtI express a hope that some
definte measure will be adopited at the
It will not, I am sure, he dlfemed ont of
place, for tne here to remark, that the dec
I aration of my views in opposition to the
policy ofemp'oying banks as depositories
of the Government funda, cannot justly lbe
construed as indicative of hostility, official
orpersonal, to those institutions: or to re
peat, in this form, and1 in connection with
this subject. opinions which I have unina
formly entertained, and on all proper occa
sions expressed. Though always opposed
to their creation in the form of exclusive
privileges, amid as a State magistrate aimo
ang by appropriate le-gislation,to secure the
comarimuity, against the consequenices of
their occasional mismanagement, I have
yet ever wished to see theom protected in
time exercise of rights conferred by law,anmd
have never doubted their utility, wvhenj
properly mnauged, in promoting the inter
ustof trade, amnd, through that channel, the
othier interests of tihe commmunisy. To the
General Government, they present them
selves merely as State institutions, having
no necessary connectioni with its legisla
tion or isa admitnistration. Like other
State establishments, they may be used or
not,in conducting the affairs of tihe Govern.
-maent, as public policy ead 'he general in
terests of the Unioni may scem to requir'e.
The only,safe or proper principle, upo~n
which their intercourse with thme Govern
ment can be regulatcd, is that which regmi
lutes their intercourse wvith the private citi
aen-the conferring if mutual benefits.--.
Whien the Government can accomplishm a
financial operation beter~ with the aidl of
the banks than withmo-., it should lie at lib
orty to seek that aid as it would the servi
esee a private banker, or other enpilalists
or agents, giving the preference to those
who wmll serve it,on time best termos. Nor
ean there ever exists an interest in the off.
eers of the General Goverineng, as such,
inducing them to embarrass, or anmnoy the
State banks, any more than imncur the hos
sility of any other class of State intismi utions,
or of private citizens. It is not in thme na
ture of thminga that hostility to those institu-1
tions canm spring from this source, or any
oppo-ition to their course of business, ex
the objects of(their creation. and atten6pt to
asurp powers notvonferted upowoem. ot.
to subvert Vhe standard of value established
by the Constitus.i'.. While opposition to
their regular opeuttions cannotexisein this
quarter, resistance to) any attempt to make
the Government dependent upon them, for
the successful admimistration of public af
fairs, is a matter of duiy, as I trust it ever
will be of in. lination, no mefter fromst what
motive or consideration, the attempt may
It is no more thans just to *ay. that it the
late emergency, most of them firmly sesis
ted the strongest temptation to exteud their
paper issues, when app'arently sustained
in u suspension' of specie payments by
public opinion, even though in some caas
Invited by legislative enactments. To
this honorable course, aided by t he resis
tance of the General GOuverunient, acting
in obedience to the Constitution and laws
or the United States, to the introduction of
an irredeemable papser medmm iay be
attributed, in a great degree, the speedy
restoration ol our currency to a sound state.
and the business of the country to its won
ted prosperity. The banks have but to
continue in the samte safe course, and -he
content in their appropriate sphere, to a
void all interference from the General Gov
ernmuent, and to derive frot it, all the pro
tection and bencfit which it bestows on
other State establishments, tin the people
of the States, and on the Sintes them
selves. In this, their true position, they
counot but secure the confidence and good
will of the people and the Governinent,
which they can only lose when, leaping
from theirlegitiniate sphere, they attempt
to control ihe legislation ofthe country, atd
pervert the operations of the Government,
to their own purposes
(To be Concluded in our next.)
GOV, NOBLE'S INAUGURAL.
Felluto Citizens of the Senate,
and House of Representatives.
Called by yout -,frrages to occupy the
station of Chief Ma istrate of the state. I
obey the summons; and while I feel deep
ly impressed witl profound emotions of
gratitude for this distinguished mark of
yourconfidence and regard, and tender you
iy unfeigned acknowledgements for the
manifestation, I cantot at the same tine
hut approach the execution of the high
trust with an sundissembled diffidence of
tny ability to fultil your just expectations.
Rtelyiug, however, as I do. on your wonted
generoue indulgence towards your public
servants, when their acts proceed from
pure intentions and a sincere zeal in
the service of their country. it will nut, I
hope, be regarded as arrogance in me, to
say that I shall bring these qualities wi5h
nti into office.
When I take a survey of the State,and
contemplate the coincidence (if opinions
and harmony of feelings among her citi
zens on the leading political qbestions of
tho day-whcn I behold the noble attitude
of her people, dismissing from their bosoms
the bitter feuds of party strife, which at
one time distracted their counsels, and
fntgnanimously uniting in one lofly pur
pose of maintaining their political rights,
and advancing their own prosperity, I am
emboldened to anticipate the aest glori
State to the gnfederacy of Republies, of
which she is a sovereign 'member, a new
field of duty, extending beyond our terri
toral limits, opens to the viow-impor
tant interests, comprehending the welfare
of a great country, abounding in popul;t
ison, wealth, ansi enterprise, claim our se
rious attention. Nor should it he regarded
as an interference in matters not belouging
to our legitimate sphere, or an unjustifia
tle departure from the line of duty. that
the State should wvatch with a scrutiniz&ing
eye the proiceedings of the geonra gove rt
ment. The Federal Government was cr
ated .hy the States to promote their own
hsappiness and prosperity. Hence it be
cotnes the imperative duty of the States so
exercise a wholesome supervision over
their federal agents. Nothsing would be
a more certain progniostic of an approach
isg change in the Repubslican formis and
pirimcip)les oif the confederacy, titan the
withldrawal bsy the sovereign parties to the
compact, of all conscern in the admtinistra
rions of its affairs, stud superintendance of
the cennduct of its agents. Ans untiring"
vigilance on the part of each State, is anm
indispensabile obligation, whether we re
gard our own happiness, or te preserva
ts of the general liberty. It is itmpor
tant that the States should soexercise their
rightful powers as to set a Repulicans ex
ampigle worthy to he imitated, anid to insfuse
their spirit into. and imspress their chsarac
ier upon, not only those who idinister
te powers of thse general Governmnent,h,it
tihe mnyriads of kindre*d beings thronghtt
the civilized world. All regard and vene
rate the chsaracter of sthe illustrious WVash-.
mtgton as the moist perfect model of a dlevo
ted patriot anud unyieling Respublicant.--..
Undier what a stacred sensse oif gratitude
and ditty, shen, are thse States requsired to
chterish and pierpetisate those pinipiiles of
true and rationail liberty, for the attain
meat of wvhich he fought, andh in the ac
quisimion of which, it was his felicity asid
glory to succeed. Upon the intdia'dual
States, then, the solemn respontsibility
rests. Their duties and obligasitins ae
clearly ;sointe-h out, andi arc resolvabsle isi.
to one simale proposition. wshich is, strict.
ly observing, anid rigidhly maintainmng thie
bounid?ries which se perates the a,mthorities
atnd jurisdietion of the several states, andi
the general Governmsenit. A wvite and
just regard to this unsdentiable trurh, its
volves not only the permsansency of the
Union, lust the preservation of theo pohiti
ral righsts of the people.
The Conistittiton of the United States
being.a granit of specific powers, conveyed
in plain and niaambliguouis terms. excltudes
all powers sought to he derived froms im-~
plication, except those whichs are neces
tary andi p,roper to carry into effer ,granstd
powers. UIhie doerine of imptjlied powers
should lbe resisted att the sisresmhl, as high
ly dangerous, anidsubversive of our exeer.
eat framne of Government.
Bum the Stales have comnfided rto their
exclusive care, ot her exceedingl momsen.
lous and interestiung duties. 'I'l Repub-h
ican theory is fotnnded Ott the assumned
:apacity of she pleople for p,elf governmemu.
hence she vastansportance justly atachted
baq relik , 4irtui, ad The
wthevery Scince, bait*%t ,
ture, esposes the individual ne
to practice vice, and-Ioc ity
to doevil. Those jouug'
who snould be the objects I
solacitudo of the State, are d t
their parts on the great the an
life. how important, the y
be reared up in the uurture n
ciples which will mike then. o
well as wise.
The developement of our 1h
sources cotnanads -our especial n.
Agriculture, cbmnerce and man re,
are entitled to our fostering car~ p
iug hand. It must be a source. e y
satistaction to every patriotic h i
ness the rapid growth of the *t eso
great armis of her strength and o rity,
While the cultivation o1the soill avs
been the prominent employmdp tie
people, manufactures were deeaj"1'at
ed to our state of society and do 'p in
stitutions. But experience, thisa t test
of truth, has dissipited the dela't The
conviction now obtains that we p *aess, in
the most eminent degree, all the einutial
qualities as regards labor, capitaleafd the
taw material. ;.t
The interests of commerce hav6-.been
wisuly lell, in the maini too the cke and
protection ofthe general governnect4 and
such is the commercial spirit of thei Gov
ernment and of lte people, that no neglect
of this unportant branch of industry is to
be reasonably apprehended. Neiertheless,
much remains for the State to do. The
opening of lines of intercommunication,
not only between the various sections of
the State, but between it and our sister
States, by railways, canals, and turnpike
roads, is a duty which devolves porincipally
upon the State. The varied resources and
unequalled advantages of our contry in
vite us to the work. The wants of myriads
of our hbllow -citizens demand from us the
execution of the task. The interests of
agriculture, commerce, and maunuactures,
will be inconceivably promoted by works of
internal improvement, which shall bring
into activity all our resources. The mu
tual success depends upon the prosperity
ofeachother. If our comnerce languish
es, and our manufactures are negleied, our
agriculture must suffer in the same propor
tion. The era in which we live, is distin
guished by a noble effort on the part of
the Southern States to recover their lost
portion of the direct export and iDport
trade. Sonth Carolina is among the fore
noest in this generous and laudable strug
gle-and she has indeed an abiding and
pervaiding interest in this great Measure.
By the loss of our foreign export -and im
port trade, and its concentration itk north
ern ports, every department of industry
has suffered.-None doubt our entire ca
pacity to conduct this trade upon as good
terms as our Northern hrethren.- Our
valuable staples furnish the exthantei,and
by carrying on the trade ouselves, we a
void the additional freight, insurance,
transhipment, &c. which are ,necessarily
incurred in the circuitous roule,- We
have the capital, and7it Is the par4f. wise
legislation, by proper enactutente, A'vite
and facilitate its diversio into -Rel i;
depressed conditIon into which 1a1ecrrea
cy and trade were thrown by the recent
revulsion and suspension of specie pay
ments. The tide of prosperity is again
bearing us on to fortune and success. The
tem portry panic which agitated the pub
lic mind with fearful upprehen-4ions that a
daugerous blow was ained at the credit
Mysten by the proposition to se)arate the
tnatnces of the Federal Gove-rnent from
Banks, has subsided. A calm retrospect
of the scenes and dangers thromugh which
the country has passed, has drawn the
pinhe attetntion to thte catuses of these a
larming evils. ad the remedies for their
removal. The goveranent should have
but one object in view, to oetsure the safe
ty of the revenue, to relieve the Treasury
from frequmeat embarrassments. furnish a
sound currency, and to disembarrass trade
from the blighting vicissitudes to which it
will always he liable by its connection with
the hinances of the, country. Publice opin
ion here has sancetiotned the wisdom of the
proposed separation and the recent discus
skins to which this topic thas given origin,
have shed a flood of light on the great ques
a ions itnvolved.
But there remains one agitating qtues
tion, which,, - inis direfsul conseque nces
maenaces the safety of the Union. I allude
to the abolitiont question-every day exhib
its it in a more terrilie aspect. Already
have these abolition tmisereants eneredh the
political arena, and a strong party in some
of the non-slaveholding State have sought
and obtaimed their alliatnce. The crisis
tas araivedl which admosnishes us to be
prepared for the confliet which is fast ap
proaching. Trhe slaveholding States
should look to the adoption of those tmeas
tures of precautiona &prevetntion, as well as
of defence, wijich their position demands.
A well regulated militia being essential
to our safety it becomes us to cherish and
anvagorate thts right arm of our security
andl protection, by keeping up the mnilita
ry spirit of the country, and preparing our
citizens to defend thetr firesides, and all
that is most dear to them, against the an
holy machinations of those who wotald
drench our fields ina blood, and sweep our
latnd with the bemom of destruction.
Ilamving thus,in a brief tanneor, sketched
my vienso otn some of the Icadinug mesas
res of public policy, I anm now ready. Mr.
bpleaker, to take thme oath of of1ice fand of
fidelity to the Constitution .
Population of Georgia-The Census
of the State of Georgia, for the present
year, shews a popmulation of 662,173. In
183!, thte populatIon Wa-a 533,y6. Ina
ererase in seven years, 128,457 White
populaion in 1838, 393.O90-, in 1821 309,
30-macrease 83.35,5. Colored populIa
tion it 1838. 26S,512t in 1831, 253,581
t)erentse 44,631. The increase on the
whuole poputlationt in seven years is twenty
seven per cetnt on the white, and twenuty
per cenut ont the colored population. Ac
~ording to thas census, the appo.rtionment
if representation will give- two hunired
tand seven tmembers to the hotise of Re
ure-ent aives-an addtion of two t--sven
o the nresent number S ..
Southn CarolIaa Leisakare.
-b IN SENATE.
The 04nle met pursuant to adjourn
,uent, and ift Clerk read the Journal of
Mr. Uaughmun presented the petition
ofCthe Evtangelical Lutheran Theulogical
Seminary, at Lexington Court liouse.,
prsying that'students to literary and pro
fssiioul institutions, mssay be ex'empt from
-Rad duty in certain cases; referred to the
c-m1mittee on Roads, ridges and Ferries.
Mr, Gregg stahuitted the report of the
Judiciary Committee, on the petition of
sunday citizens of Union District praying
an alteration of the Constitution of the
State, and also an tanseudinent of the Laws
of the State, in regard to horse-stenling;
ordered for con-Aidertmion to-morrow.
Mr. Patterson submitted the report of
the Committee on Privileges and Elece
lions, on the petition of a piortion of the
citizens of Laurens District, porayini that
a change be made in the manner of exer
cisiog-the Elective Fratchise in this State;
ordered flair conbsiderntiou to-morrow:
Mr. linger submited the Ibllowing Pre
amble and Resolutions
Whereas, the Resolutions or the last
Legislature, approving tite establishaent
of an lndepenelcnt Federal Treasury, have
been represented as at variance with the
9pinions and wishes of the people of this
And whereas, the-members of the pre
sent Legislatoire have beetn elected since
the adoption of the said Resolutionj, and
must he acquain:ed with the opinions and
wishes of their constituents, on the subject
to which they refer:
And whereas, it is important- that all
measures alrecting the monetary system of
the country, should be as permanent as
circumstances will permit; which cannot
be, unless the opinions and wishes of the
people he known and consulted:
Be it therefore Resolved, That this Le
gislature, also, is of opinion, that the taxes
paid by the people, for the support of the
Government, should not he deposited in
Banks, and thus confounded with funds
generally employed inironoting individ
ual interests, and private speculations; but
should be kept by respousible Treasurers,
appointed under the Laws and Coustitu
tion of the country, and used only for the
purposes to whic1t they are appropriated
Be it further Resolved, as the opinion of
this Legislature, that although a systermi of
credit is necessary to a convenient and
profitable exchange of the productions of
the country, and particularly of the star.
plus employed in foreign commerce. yet
that this system may be so far extended as
tolead to the wildest speculations, and
most ruinous consequences.
Be it further Rtsolved, That when suf
ficient credit cannot be procured to elrect
an active and profitable exchange of the
productions of tie country, (as was the
case in 1791, when the Bank capital of
the United States was no more than eight
millions, and the exports near tWenty mil
lions, and in 1816, wh#-t the Bank capital
was fifty-four millions, and the exports six
t on .1pi ons.) it,av be'Recessary and
Be it Resolved, That when the system
of credlit becomes bloated, and a competi
tion arises between the leiders, not rthe bor
rowers of Maney. (,s was the case in 1836
when the capital ployed in 1anking
was two hundred aend fifty one anilholl,
and the exports but one hundred and
twets five million,) ithe facility of pro
curing credit must leadl to overirading,
anid extravagant speculations. Thus in
183G and '37, more was imported thani
could be consumned, aod Cot too. the prin
cipal export of the coutry, sold foir one
third mioude in America thau it realized in
Europe. Under such circumstances it was
neither nifeesary nor proper,int the opinion
of this Legislature, to increase the capital
employed in hanaking, or stimulate further
the caintal nlreaidy in existence.
Resol ved. further, Thim when Congress
have 'coined money. fixed the value there
of and of foreign coina, they have fual
filled their whole duty, andl exhausted thteir
constitutional power, on theo subject of ex
chtanges between the States.
.Be it furthaer Resolved, Thbat it is the o
pinion of this Legislature, that as long as
gold and silver are mite legal tentder in
every State, the curmrency of no onte cant
he seriously itmipaired.
LBe it furthe-r Resolvedl, T hat a common
metasure of value having been fixed upon
Icy C2ongrebs, the exchaage, b'etwen the
States should be left to the regumlationa of
thaose principles which govern exchanges
Be itfurther Resolved, T hat credit, so
far as it depends uponm bao>.king capital tmay
be salely left to the regulation of' the dif
Ordered that thte foregoing Resolutions
be made the special order of the day for
The Senate then proceeded to the gen
eral orders of the (lay
The President read a favorable report of
the Coitmttee on Claims, ont the r-eort of
the samte Committee in the llouse of Rep-.
resent atlives, on thme petition of Johnt Jones;
agreed to and ordered to he returnoed to the
Also, an unfavorable report from the
Commatitee on Claims, ont the accoutm of
Bailey Corley,; agreed to. Adjrourned.
H. OF REPRtEsENTrATIVEs.
'I' &uttsDAr, Dec. 6.
Tlhe hlouse met paursuiatnt to adjourn- .
ment, and the Clerk called the roll- anid I
retadl the Jou rnal of yesterday's proceed
Mr. J. P'. Reed preseted the petitionr
ufteuaudry citizen~s oif Atnderson for a re
peal of thte law in relatiot to Retailimng
Spirituiotir Linors; referread to ithe com
tititen on the Jtidicinary.a
Mr. hielingaer, p)ursmatnt ta)notice, intro. (
Juced a lill, to provide a bnore chaep, s
~onvetnent, ain equitable modce of adjust
ng clims agaiust sureties eta Adinistra- (
ion bends, ntid to amend the lawv ini that t
articular,andl for oilier purposes; renal E
he first time, amid ordered for a second o
ending tottmorrow. 1
A Bill to p)rescrb'thte mode of chioosing u
a thke tart of thec Etate. E1eers.'ofarcsim.'
lent ant Vice President of the United a
States, and' to give the - election of snch j
Electors to the people of the State, was
laken up for a second reading, .aud, Mr.
Hellinger having briI addressed the
House, was, on his motion, referred to a
conmlittee of the whole -louse. and made
the special order of the day for Wednes
day next, at 12 o'clock.
A Bill to amend * An Act to lend the
credit of the State to secure any loan
which may be naade by the Louisville,
Cincinnatti, and Charleston Rail Road
Company, was read a second time, clause
by clause, explained by 1%r. Memminger,
and ordered to the Senate.
A Hill to repeal an Act entitled "An
Act to aniend the law in relation to grant
ing Licenses to Retail Spirituous Liquors.
and other purposes" passed 19th Decem
bur, 1835, came up for a second reading,
and was referred, on motion of Mr. J. P.
Reed, to the Judiciary committee.
The resolution propomng to adjourn the
present Session of the Legislature, on the
.;Oth instant, was taken up for cousidera
tion, and. on motion of Mr. Colcock, a
mended, by striking out "20th." and in
sertiug 19th, agreed to, and ordered to the
A resolution directing the Military com
mittee to enquire into the expediency of
repealing the 2d, 3d, 4th. and 17th sec
tions of the Military Act of 1837, was
The report of the committe on Incorpo
ration, on the resolutions suspending the
reolution requiring not ice ol application for
Acts of lucorporation, was taken up for
consideration, and gave rise to a discus
sitn of considerable length, between
Messrs. Witherspoon, J, A. Calh ain,
Colcock, Griffin, Wardlaw. Frost, An
derson, 31emaminger. 24agrath, Perry,Bel
linger, and ;lesaussure: the motion of Mr.
F. H. Wardlaw, to reject the resolution,
finally prevailed, and the report from the
Senate, on the same subject was laid on
Mr. Memminger gave notice, that he
will to-morrow, ask leave to introduce a
Bill to regulate the lien of Decrees in
lf r Colcock, from the committee on
Education, on the Governor's Message
No. 6, recommending an annual appro
priation to increase the College Library.
By Mr. Porcher, an unfavorable Report
from the committee on that part of the
Governor's Message relating to the trial
By Mr, Whitefield, an unfavorable Re
port from the Special committee, to whoon
were referred the various petitions and
memorials praying a repeal of the medi
cal Law of 1817.
Mr. Whitefield gave notice that he will
on to-morrow ask leave to introduce a bill
to modify the Medical Law of 1837, so as
to permit Thomsoniains to practice with
the right of charging for the same
Mr. Perry offered a Preamble and Res
olutions, setting forth the impropriety of
the present cruel and sangninary laws, for
the punishment of a numbier of off'ences by
deah.and recommending (he appointment
of a comint tee to collect info:mation. and
report to the next Legisiature, on the ex
pediency of establishing the Penitentiary
system within this State; which was or
Tho Senate met pursuant to adjourn
nient, and the Clerk read the Journal of
Mr. Jeter presented the petition of Geo.
Delauguter, and W-. B. Cantelow, pray.
ing the est ablishmtent of a Ferry over Sin
van,nah River; referred to the committee
on Roads, Bridlge and Ferries.
A .iessage was received from the Gov
eruor, relative to p)reservantion of Sullivan'.
Island: referred to the committee on In
te.rnal I improvemnents.
Mr. Patterson, from the Committee oD
Iticorpiorations, submitted the following
Reaolred. That the Committee on in
corptorations lie discharged from the fur
ther,:onsideration or all petitions or appli
cat ions praying or applying for a new char
ter or act of incorporation, or any exten
s'ion of a charter or act of incorporationa
previously granted, where the applicant or
appheianits for thme same haenot given 3
umonths notice of his. or their intention to
make suc-h application, pursuant to the
pirovisions of the joint resolution passed on
the 20th of Diecembher. 1836; ordered to lie
on the table.
The liouse sent for concurrence a reso
lution to adjourn on Wednesday., the 19th
mnst.; ag reedl to, anid ordered to be returned
to the 11louse.
TIhe lilitse sent for concurrence, a bill,1
centitledi, "A Hill to amend an Act'to lendi
the credit of the St ate to secure any loans I
which ma;y be made by the Louisville,Cin- I
etunliati and Charleston Rail Road, mild fori
othier pturposes, read a first time, referred I
to t he C ommittee on Finance, and ordered
to he printed.
'The Senate then proceded to the general
tirders of ihe day.
Also, tIhe report of the same Committee
an the petiruo of a portion of the citizens <
rf Laut ens district, praying that a change
may lie made in the manner of exercising
the elective franchise; ordered to lie on inhe a
Also, the report of the Committee on ti
he~ Jiahieiary, on the. petition of the citi- b
tens of Union, piraying an alteration of the g
~onstitutiion of the State, as also n a (
nendimnt of the Laws of the State, in re d
rard to horse stealing, so much as relates
o horse atealing wax. agreed to; and so p
nuhas relates to atltering the Constitution v
ah.l on the table.
Alyo, the report of th/ same Committee si
nt the first piresentimnit of the Grand Jury
1 M;trlborough D)istrict, in relation to the 8
ernitenltiary systemu; agreed to.
Also, the report of the same Committee,
n the first pres'enament of the Grand Jury
t Lexington District, in relation to hog
teniling and Cow stealintg; agreed to. di
Mr. Goodwyn, from the Committee on et
rievanlces. to whom was referred the pC- je
tion of smudry citizens of Barniwell and si
uniter Disiriers, in relation to the Thomp P
niani System of Medicine, reported 'A iii
till concernling the Thomupsonian System
f the praetire of Mledic*ine;" whic'h was se
rad the firet time. ordcredi en b. pr....d ti,
ni read the second time on Monday,. Ad
H. OF REPRESENTATIVES.
e ose FaIVAT, Dec. 7,
The Hiouse met pursuant to adjouro.
Mr. Whitfield, pursuant to notice, in
roduced a hill conceruing the Thompso
lian System of the practice of medicine:
which %% as read the first time, and ordered
or the second reading to-morrow.
Mr. Arnold. pursuantto notice, intro
luced a Bill to repeal certain sections or
In Act to provide for the military organi
ation of the State, passed, in 183, and
or other purposes; read the Aint time, or
lered for the second reading to-morrow.
Mr, J. P. Reed, pursuant to notice iff
roduced a Bill to repeal an Act entitledap
Lct to amend an Act. entitled an Act cov.
:eraing Hawkers and Pedlar,., passed 17th
3ecember, 1831* passed 19th Dec. 1835;
Nhich was read. the it time, and ordered
ror the second reading to-morrow.
Mr. Colcock, from the committee o
9-lucation, on the petition of the Furman
Ilstitute, repor ted a Bill to piohibit the re
tailing of Spirituous Liquors within two
and a half miles of the Classical Depart
inent of the Furman Theological and las
Pical Institution of the State Convention
:f the Baptist Denomination in South
Carolina; read the first time. and 'ordered
ror the second reading to-morrow.
The unfavorable report of the Special
Committee to whom were referred various
memorials, praiviig for a repeal or modi
lcation of the Me'dtial Law of 1817 was
The Resolution, to appoint a committee,
ror the purpose of collecting information
respecting the Penitentiary Systea. was
agreed to. Adjourned.
SATuaDA, Dec. 8. 1838.
The Senate met pursuant to adjourn
Mr. Cannon presented the memorial of
the Mi-4pah Baptist Church, in Darlington
Distract. praying to be incorporated; refer-.
red to the committee on Incorporations. -
Mr. Gregg. from the committee en the
judiciary, to whom were referred the Pro.
entmenuts from York, Beaufort, Colleton,
Pairfield, Sumter, and Union, and the pe.
ition of sundry ladiesof Barnwell,in regard
o the retailing and the intemperate use
if Spirituous Liquors, reported a Bill, e
titled -ba Bill to prevent Intemperance;"
read the first time. ordered to be printed.
and read the second time on Monday.
Also, from the same committee, to whom
wrere referred the Presentments from York,
Lexington; Newberry. Fairfield, and Uni
on Districts, in relation to gambling, re
ported a Bill, entitled " a Bill in relation to
gambling;'' read the first time ordered to.
be printed, and read the second time oa
The following Preamble andResolutions,
submitted by Mr. lthet. were referred to
the committee on Federal Relations, and
ordered to be printed.
Whereas, certain citizens of the State of
Maine, have been charged in the State of
Georgia, with a felony,committed therein,
ou certain slaves,the property of the citizens
1j0?f&d billsofindictment h%ve been dii
" " n r.etwd -
who are understood to be now resident in,
and under the protection of the State o
And whereas, the Governot of the Stato
of Georgia. has, by direction of the Legis.
lature thereof, and according to the provi
sions of the Fed.ral Coust'tution, deman.
dett of the Governor of Maine, these de
hnmquonts for trial, under the said bills of in.
And w hereas, the smaid Governor of the
State of Maine, instead of complying with
this demand, as under the provisions of onr
national campanct, he was in duty bound,
has refused so to dlo, stating that he must
lirnt lay the subject before the Legislature
of his State:
And whereas, from the present aspect of
he slave question, in the United States, it
mao longer becomes a slave-holding State to
withhold the decided expression of its sea
timents, on any subject involving these
momentous rights; therefore,
Reolmved. That the State of Georgia, ia
making the demand for delivery of these
lehinquenta, for trial, demanded nothing
mut what the strictest regard for justice,
>rder, respect for herself, and the most a
~red pro)visions of our national compact,
uthorined and reqtuired.
Resolved, That it is with the deepest
~oncern, we perceive one of the Chtief
blagistrastes of our confederated States, re
using promnpt icquiescence to this just and
Resolved, That a failure on the part of
he Stat.. of Maine. to fulfil her constitu
innal obligations, in this particular, will
ec a fatal blow to the security of our In
titutins, and property, and if nersisted
a, will create great atnd well founded a
arm in the slave-holding States. -.
Resoltved, T'hat the cause of Georgia, is
he cause of the whole South, and we will
nake comtmon cause with her, in all pro..
>er measures for procuring a redres, of
heme grievances, and for the manintenaneo.
f her and our comomon rights.
Thne bill, entitled "A Bill to authorize
.se President and Directors of the Louis
ille, Cincinnnatti, poad Charleston Rail
Load Comipany to increase the rates of'
-anspormation on the Charleston and Ham.
urg Rail Road. in certain cases, and to
rant certnin vacant lots in the town of
olumnbia," was taken up and after some
ticussmon, againa laid on the table
Mr. Duhnose, from thte committee on the
art of the Senate, appointed to count the
mtes for Governor, reported that the lion.
atrick Noble hadl received a majority of
me "otes, andi isdunly elected to thantoffice,
The Hon. P. Noble then addressed the
enate, andl resigned his seat.
Mr. Pinc kney took the Chair.
Ott motion of Mr. Caughman,
Thne-Senate went into ballot for a Presi.
at, and on couaning the votes, it appear.
I that the Hon A. Patterson had a sna
rity of the votes: andi a committee, con.
iting of Messrs. Glover, Quash, and
)we', was applointed to conduct him to.
On motion, Ormlered, That a message be
nt to thme hlouse, informing that body
at the Senate have ctine sidc.:.e