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'~ .I~w '9" oildgress
OF THE CARitI R OF TIL
son his annual course bus roan,
Another now cones blithely on;
The Carrier boy. with wish sincere,
Would bid a happy, happ'v year
To all lil patrons. old und young.
n! strain that msay he sul "ung.
Ne oft have trudged thr (I sleet,
That you shonld have . sheet,
Wherein the news from Car ar,
You might receive throughout the year;
From Southern climes, and Eastern
From Northern shores, and Western
Wind patrons, then, defer not hope,
Bua cheer our droopin: spirits up;
Our hosom fill with rapturous glee,
y a generous New-Year'N fee:
With lighter heart. mnd blithesome soul,
- We'll serve you ne the seasons roll.
We have ever faithful heen,
To portray the varying scene,
Of public weal and public wo,
How either party stand or go,
We have praised where praiqe was due.
And censured, though reluctant, too.
Otir country's honor anti her peace,
We will endeavor to increa-,e,
And strive with firm and honest zen,
T' enhionce her fame and common weal
Our counsel she shall alway slare,
Our mind in peace, our strength in war.
The course her senators pursue,
We will exhibit to your view;
Impartially and fairly show,
To whom the meed of praise we owe
Indulging hope, with fervetit prayer,
That Ileav'n will guide and govern there.
The merchant, and mechanic too,
Their interest we will keep in view;
Fron week to week the markets show,
nod other thingsthat they should know;
- How otton -dlls andi Griceiies oo,
And Brondeloths, green,and black, and
And to our youth&, our country's hope,
WIVs w in life are springing up,
On whom will ultimately rest,
The safety of our sires' hequest,
We'll show the path that they should
The fonor'd way our. fathers led.
We'll prove that honor Is a gain,
ivl -end- in ain;
rer rk paclo appear;
And long and lasting is the joy,
When we are found in her employ.
While patriotism should you guide,
A patriot should have a bride;
From the fair ditughters of our town,
Select a bride your joys to crown;
A single life few joys know,
* Whaile ma.-riago makes a heaven below.
Andl 'o the fair, we wvill convey,
Theo hard's eflustions of the day,
" With thoughts that breathe, and words
* that baurn,"
We'll, cheer a lonely hour, and earn
From their sweet lips the wecome smile,
That will many a care beguile.
-When a fond youth wvitht manly art,
Wotuld nobly seek exchange of heart;
With omaiden holdaness choose youar standl,
flefuoe at once or-take lhis handi.
Candor in maids ennt never harm;
Fastidiousness is nut a charm.
And lik wise, in the time of youth.
Adhlere, to virtue andl to truth;
Religion's patho will prove secure,
And will eventually procure
Sweet peace of mainol, respect and love,
And blessings wafted from above.
NJow to our patrons we return,,
And hope a generous fee to esarn,
That when they read otur comaplimenots.
They will rewrard with Fifty Cents,
WV hile others hail the dany w'ith joy,
eo likewise may the
- CAlRRIER BOY.
* ,Te following paroagraph is copiedl from
the Natchoez We'oek!y Courier, nudu coiga
*ides witha our vicws so poerfectly, thota we
*anot refraitn from giv ing it to otur read
* ers. WVe wvould reidily oogree to the ar
rangamenot ptroptosedl o our noamtesatke of
Natchaez, were 'our good frientds wiah whomt
wve transaet businoess to give oos thec guid
pro qno, wvhen we dlesirec it, butt oor paper
umnkers to whtom we madetl the proposition,
rejected it unanimously:-.
"Attention!-We~ sclom or never pore
sent a hill foar ye-arly aidve -g withount
the dlemnod hbeing muad. t the pa
per Gratis. Th.is 0Ce nein , nor
never will do. It woualdl renonot
able for is when a moerha enoa00 us
hois bill for a cot,t to deand "'thriowing
ino" of a vest or if a bill for a pair of hoots,
to requ~test thae groaroutions adduition oaf a pafir
of slipopers. WVheno oho pulie geunerallv
will reucipora'e the foavor boy osuch allow
tzneesto us, then weu ail guave theo Courier
without chaorge; hntt untuiil that timeo arrives,
we ralk to be L-enu8ed
WASHINGTOr Dec. 20.
In Senate, Mr. Rivas g,tve ia stateimtut
of the reasons whiii had indueed himl to
til'er, on yesterday, tihe resolution, calling
upon the Secretary of the Treasury for de
tailed information relative to the *conuex
ion'now existing between the Uovernanlent
ani the U. S. Batik; sad more esiecially
its to the periods at whach the bonds of tie
Old iank were sold tot the New lustitu
tioe, the termis oan wliich Ihoy were nego
tiated, and tihe dates when tihe proceedings
thereof were placed to the credit of the
Treasurer on tihe books t the Bank.
Mr. Rives also took the occasion to ex
press his opinions upon all the prominent
financial questions of the country. lie
took strong ground against tihe Admins
tration, commented earnestly. but respe.
fully, upon time President's Message and
the Report of the Secretary of the Trea
sury-spoke of tihe letter of Mr. Biddle in
contrast with the Ieport of Mr. Wood
bury-giving preference to the former in
dimcernment over the Iatter, because of its
bolder and nureipositive character. In
tle ne tiocumen,there was a decidedness
wimichm was not to be tbmIsnderStoild. InI
thu other a silenwe which could not be un
lie spoke warimly of time Sub-Treasury
Bill-declared ins belief that time friends t
time Adminiiiration. many oftthem at least
-h d no conlidence in hlie scheime, and
only kept it ump, a. a feint to deceive cer
tain portimis of imhe people.
Mr. Rives also expre-sed his belief in
the utility ofusing State Bank institutions
for Government purposes.
Mr. Wright replied to Mr. Rives. with
sotme degree of party spirit, wieh called
forth a spirited rejoinder from Mr. Rives.
mr. % right unswered again, and Mr.
Mr. Nile spoke at some length in am
swer to Mr. Itives, comimctitiug upon the
zeal ofnew consurts. and speaking under
great excitement After Mr. Niles had
Mr. Cilhoun took the floor andl spoke
at some leng(h in defence of time Sub-Trea
sury Bill-agai st time Deposite lank sys
temt-in favor mIf a complete tivorce of tie
Government f1rom te liBanks and in deia
ration of time opinion that tie late defalen
tions tit New York, went to show the utili
ty of the Sub-Treasury Bill.
Mr. Rives answered Mr. Calhoun, and
Mr- C. rejoined, when the Senate ad
Correspondenre of the Charleston Corier.
WAS INGToN, Duc. 23.
Neither House m mit session tim day. and
the weatier is iten-4ely cold. The ther
tmonmeter, this morning, at time obiervatory,
min Capitol Hill. was at .' below zero
a hyperhoreatm elanate is this. at times
changeable it is too. It can lowlo hot and
bloi cold, not exactly in the same breath,
but in time same day.
The chief t.apic of conversation here,
just now, is the ne,, sub-Trea,nry Bill,
reported by Mr, Cambr.leng. It i U tm
adroitly dra%n project. The Wihigs fear
it-the friends of the mlministration have
strong hoge in it. It comes to us, as at
msrelor secnrima time public money in
i'Aids'f goyeTunment agii't., and fWr
T46M fi:lihii futrs.Te hit
16:11mi"M'r mrwtn %Uy.i 64Mii
awful warning of the danger of trusting
the public money to individual cuslodiuin,
are considered, by the Opposition, as a
sort of coup de grace to time SubTreasurv.
But the bill is urged by the Administra
tion parly, wntinly on tie ground that it is
essential for the encurity of the puilic mo
ucy I have iemd time olmiuion of amay
tmembersof tie Whig sam Consevative
interest, ais to time bilt, an,i they view it ats
presentting the Son Tmensur- in its wormsm
paosmibhse forms. A l.mdimng (Conmservative me
tmarks test it is time worst fonran which hmas
ever lbesen givetn aa the memasre-for it
leaves moure to Exeemnva, discretion ilhans
ammy previmaus pirjeel-, amni is tmore rigorous
in its ex~Iaons of specie, speCie, speie~i.
Under tihe directiona of san Adminitisration
hostile toa time bamnking interest, it camn lhe
mnade a terrifie engine of mppression. It
carries out Mr. Calhomun's views oaf mi ex
clusive Specie enrrency foar time oavernm
ment; but yet, its objects are so well veiledi
thmat many hearei are undmmer time iifmression
that it is free from what is commaonly
called time "specie claumsm." es to the
chances foar time success mof ti-e lill, thmey are
difI'eently esunmmned-. Soame stuppose limat
it will pasms thme lmamse by the idi mif a few
Conservattive vmte.,. My opinmion is, thmat
will it nmmt pass. 'The efiart ta mdrive it
thromugh wvIll be very btronag and perseve'r
ing. Wanmt of vigilImamce onm the mittpafs tfi,.
Oppoimsiionm, maay accurei its suecess-nmoth
ilmg el.e can.
It hmasa been suppalosed hmerm, na I nmntioan
ediii mmy last, thtat tihe abolitiona quimsina
here was about cmmtmiamc to a crisis. I dmi
tnost think~ there is tmimch ramasm fir tiae sup~
poasitiona. I dma nImt see ma itm th;e unity, eith
er maf time Smmthm or time Northm mam the subaject.
Atmonsg time Soaumlhern Imehmbers there atre
at least thareo distinet parties to time amboli
lion queusin, ais presetd to Congrcss.
'limere is one piat ty miipmosemd to time recep
tionm anal discm.usi ofaptitiouns mar proposi
tionis nm time subiject; thmere is anothmer pamty
i mvaor of rece.p imon, but agamtit disen-ms
stuntm thmere is athemtlir party algainsa rece*mp
tionm. bunt itn (a vor mfd imession, wlmenm rice iv
edu. Th'ie whole nutimmber of votes a.gaminsm re
cepltiona & disctussiona is,I iabeIieve,ahIoul 30.
'I'me tmeambliers fromi time snn-slavye holding
States, are very imuchm divided in their 0
pansonslm upn time stubject. Tme wholue
nmutmber of metmbhers or time Hlouse of Riep.
resetativ es am fiaor of legisiattion man time
subijemct ofhslaver-y in time Dismrict of Caaintm
lhia is eight. Tihe quiarrel ini time Hosuse, at
paresenmt, relattes mainly to rules aiid their
const rnctiona.M r. Ilotuldini, of V irginaia, says,
ialine country must go tam war, lie wants Ima
knomw whaimt it is foar. If lie fights, hie wants
to fight abamt soatmel hing mmore smubstanatiail
thana a qumestian maf ordemr. Neither coingr-ess
star lihe counmltry has ynhettme lam any issue
mmn thn qusestioni of abaalitionm; and mhm' crisis
tikedl af, is taut yet. lThe abliitioin qtues
timan cant come ton no Crisis, tuntil it biecoimes
mocre inavolvedn ith poililics; amia until i
beccome's it geogratpial question,m as time
iSolmri qluestion wats. It is barely posii
blea thait fanagimal andm piolitical tabolaitionmisam
naty maake a.umlieiena hmeadi aiy, ini a fm-w
yeamrs, tao a-mmrol thle elect ions in time tnon-a
slavehmolding St.,,.. Tea e yj.
ais in tihe non-slavehold tlfe. ho
South.- will be leas shake bay b . li1
North. Tihe Norah nust beae l, f
tHe battle, and there is every re be
lieve, that there tihe voice of t -
and o-;the uonlstItuton i la
In the Senate, to*.'aOy,no busins.s Orinpa%
tance was transailed. A petlitou"w wa
presented by Mr, Allen, of- Ohiojfrpm
some obscure county in that State*w.Where
there are citizens so far behiod the, pblities
and the wisdom of the days astoyi ib r
the re-establishmem or a Naliouftlitink.
A hill Ifor relinquishing to the State dria
batama, the two per coul.; ro fqds .wsi
discussed and postpould'.- -S iime
wat spent in the cuasideratiou offEwcu
In tie House of Representatives, immea
dialely after tho reading of the jourpiki, the
louse Went into Committee orige-Whale
Mr. J. Q. Adans m the chair, oii e6a dis
position of time President's Messagje, 'Mr.
Il1aynes, of Georgia. oflered resoutions
distributing the Message amongst.. various
Committee,- when Mr. Bell, of. Tinnel
see, rose and addressed the House -1or' the
space of between t1w.. and three hours,
conniening at length, and very severely,
ot the primciples and opinions expressed.in
this State Iapr-on its fulso opinions, its
tmnaccuracies, and its assumption o*facis.
1 hen M r. Bell- had concluded, Mir. Pren
ties, oI Missippi, obtained tihe florpr fiar
1o- morrow. and tihe House immmedially
1 r ASI'NGTO, Dec 27.
We have no further infinmatiom in regard
to Mr. Cass' afflair. [Iis Friends say chi
ie ias been recalied, but only lor the pur
porie Of aiding the Department of War in
exaniminig the condiiimn of the lmdiain ser
vice. Others say that Grivernor Cuss was
concertn,d in Iecuilatins, but coneerned
with others, who began the game before
lie came mto tihe office. Time may or may
'not devolope time- real state of time case.
ftnvestgation by the House will bfin noth
ing to light, all that is di,,covered, must
come it light by 1j sort ol*spotaneous cotm
hustion. There are one or -wo buireau
tnow in %uchi a state, that a little matier
mipht blow them ip sky high. Jnve-4ti
gation,4 got up oin party prmnciples. may
serve to white wash defiulters, but not to
lin time Senate, to-day, there was little
of interest. The Secretary of the Treas
ury, heun in a very volutinous-- rePl to
tle resolutions of Mr. Rives. calling for in
ormaiiaon in relation to the transetions he
twevo tile Government aind tie Bank of
the United States. Mr. Niles, stated that
the reply was ample and expliitranld was
satisfatiory. He did not say that he hmnd
reat it, but he was in fiavor of giving tie
reply a circulation co-extensiveOWIth tine
attack. So five thousand extra copies
were ordered to lae printed Mr. VaIl, of
New Je-sy, presented tihe lonOt and
lonalesi aholition menmorial, to-day that I
hanve ever yet heaurd of. It .Avita .ineino.
rail fro tie Suciety oaf Prietnl',6ild as
ked Congress in p.aqs laws to atbilish tim,
slave trade hemween tie States,' nd res
t(re to all men, beld to involuntsy. service,
-their inalignable rights. mr. P "_ n, of)
jected tothe rocepeion of the pq . Moti.
Etg- Or'Alabamna,2. thaught litIs 1*11.1 b3"
the subject on tine table. 'Mr. Orah de
mired to be heard, but Ali. King'* motion
to lay the queation etf reception on, the tai
ble, prev:iled. Several abolitio lietitionls
were litmd tan the table widinti debate.
In itoI House of Representative, Mr.
lreniss, of %lisvissipipi. made a brilliani
an-t interes,ing speech upon the: topies of
the Presielont's Message. id- primela
'aubtject wans the dle atleattion. ear frantds ilpa nm
time pubnilie by tine g.mverimnent eoffice.-e, mande
lie unedertooek leo shecw I inem the P'reiee
w as guihy of grow~s "Vypcrisy int pretendinmg
teo so mnehcl conmerm tier the purmity iof tine
asaliheafheers. amnd inl paremnsing lea inives
ligate their mniscndut. Th'ie Presienlt,
he mnainmiined, had enmcou ranged aend connn
tenantede aill those frands, whnich he propo.ea
aede In punish ase peitentiary feheonie..
lie wventin mm dhetasils oifthe case of~ Spenrcer.
eaf lh:arris, aiad sever I mlners, lo sinew thtat
the Presedent continumed in oflice, memn who
were aceknowleged deefulters. Mr. Cush
manm amnd Mir. A thertean, of N. H. wvill repaly
tea Mar. Pirentise, en this subject.
It hats beeon surmised htere of late, that
somee ofC the Stauthera Whigs. mnd Conaser
vative, will propaose Mr Rives, ais a cana
didtate fear tine Presidiene.q- lie will neot hec
baroaiuih feorwaird nmomte'r presenmt circmstuen
(cS. wvithi mut mtliry ton hiis strengll at honet;
and he hiast, I imtiame, lenat nao countena
antme to such a pnroposmitin.
Correspondence of /he Southern Patriot.
O Aso:NOTeN, D}ec. 28.
Aller tihe Joeaneislnahi Ieen rendme, Mr.
Wise mnoved Itne pinmtimng of 20.000H extra
copies e,chm, eof three eienamne.nns reliating to
lame dieitlctin of paulie Olicers.
Mieer. Grary, lineen ande olhers op
pousede the moionn, on tine gmunad that it
w ould he a useless extranvagance ofthe puin
lie money. Also thnat it woulid bae umnjust
to manny ofathe indhiviedeos menntionedl thnere
un, whto hadac suenienently psaid up titeir
necounts, and were noat defanimters.
Mr. Camtbrelenagregrelted limat the Sec.
retiary of thec Treasury had transomiled the
dcunmemmts without an explanatoary letter,
as il would thena have appeared Ihat mitre
thana oane hnanlf were mnerel y nomainnal defanul
lers, who hadl taut hade itme to preent Ihleir
vouchecrs. It was well krnowmn thaI in nmany
cases, instead oflthe pnarlies bteing defamti.
!ers, when tine batlantce came toa be stretck,
thae Governmnenl itscelf was lalgely inadebteed
ten thmem. H e dlidi not like slis system ef rn
king nit and libnlhing tine ghosts orfdendl memn
whoa lad paroved thnemsealves blamteles.
lie allunded to the fiaet that tine Sec-retary
was compnjelledl ainnually ton report to Co'
gress tall itose whno were indebeited to Gov
,rnmnet, aInd thnerebny class them as e-e
rau lters, bnefore the whoale ofC their accounts
uad bneen received, ile hoped that Act
wotuld lae reealed. lie exp-raese ii. iram
ronv-ction, thnal not ony tine defalcntionn of
Smt aiwoln, liut those of all oilier, wvies to
ac tatlribeutedi 1o tine darling pap)er ofC time
[)pposition. Hie Irusted, however, that
-eeent eve.nts wenie at lengthn opjen their
'yes, amni contviince themn of tine necessity
af adopting the Slab Tneasury sy'stemn, by
v?ia alonne, a reectnrence of such evils
ouldl he prevented inm future.
Mficr am aunimuated eate -b:...e... I
Messrs Thomas, WV C ien tee, and 6.'7
._44r, Legure'expressied heis astunilihme'nt
'tiuy. 0 ostiiva should be ataudo to the
uktion to tiot the extrA copieri. Vur loa
part, he', its UoKOus IlILe wholti buoijecs
siould bd UiUre the people, for memu to do
Ci . lJvIW iend the coudesuationi
bir. l ise contended that the Secretary
or toe 'reasury load Ureiady Ouleis calet.
ed by Air 'reUtss of' gro.a liegeet anta
njura diazhisntesty, an ne, ir. tv., would
".inpoucu lilin iulore lmle beate, when
ihere should oe Ino least chance Ur 11a1viln
a fair 1earn6. 'AIer ruinauemg au IIa
ran until ne became heiares , aimji itijolou,
mue sactud seorpures iu Ine most revolinAS
mianuer, ne resated hi seat.
ir. I ium.as buggsbted tmat the gentle.
niuu tizid bettve aae siecade cuar%es it
u6giltt too Secrutary, raiser .in iin Is
genterail ivtetive,. as List latter would tiu
ttin havo tutm chliance o detuuug un.
Alter sume brief remarks froanAle. Boun,
without talia g the questio.a t1u i1ou*e
Amoug the Executive Cosinuuicalion,
received Iast eveti, was a report from
tile .ecreriary of Wei A1'easury li roply to
ti tiuslutious u mr. Aaves, reltog to
tWe sale of bouds, &c. to te 4j. 6. Bank.
I tatob lldth%all6IU tile Wanst ol ti uar
.ist) Ia) tihe Uulted blia., thai tme oulsis,
would be paid by tie 1.anik, it was lound
impracticable to :steet a sule at 'aris or
London, ou the termsat paeseribed ay law.
It was allso faund Jlprc icitetile t) sell
them in lhis cuuutry, uit i the Secretar)
iidi"k ;tiat tile amliloutil of one i li
liids was necessary lor the use of 4jov
erment, and ULa. the sale of It 5mls10y.
couli no where elsie tooedected. stala It Io
the U. 61ates M1ian, as a matier of iabai
lute uecesd3ly Oil lilt: III Ill August, ld3d -
The amouit ul it was enterel #to the (looks
ol thu bank, to the credit of the j. btates
'reasurer; amd it was milpuited 1h.i pay
meut simoul be a,ade 'in spele or its eq(uiv
alelIL." D'tie saile lilte other lotl I was
also ititerwartis ellected, .and arranegemnut,
wvere matle with it bank,to pay the pulic
credaitors at certamn pomints ia airuli, yi eti
U. 6tates L reasurer, an specie or its equiv
It is presumned this report will explailm
tile whole natier, and -.low tt the sales
were effected hom .ibtsolute ucessity. it
was ordered to lbe prmied.
The.following 'reailmic and Resolutions oi
Ar. ilward, on time currency, were paed by
the ueorga Legas.ature.
WillAtiAS. the quiestion of diepenising
withl U.Inks as tile l,aut tol the tovern
isneut in the c4lLetioa .mid dishisrsemet of'
ftile fildie itevenue, aud tlme aecompi.pry
lug-quemilon of tie Currency ami proper
to lite emidaioyed O the fismai aiperantao of
the Uve-rnmeituoi, are both o agi ,mium
andexciting Ch,dratler. is Well as of grett
Importance Im tinew conisequences, at tat,
etues itie rigtt kaiid under., tile circumts
at iCCsuO l ae 4 xcOaeUL) the dut% of' tIse
G .neira A.'scIsII), to express lrei"l) their
oliious in retaivam to bom uransche, of this
ijuporlaut sunjet. The independtoni
Treasury or Olub-Treasury sysiem, coum
monly so called, imulves two quemidns,
eachf rgreat importaunet, but wholly Wile
Wewa.. -:iTe first. tonu.filk its; object, -i
W iii i64.46 6r," or- a- sntire
disconnection of the bankb with its reves
ue. ftu second seeks ito determint- atid
estublivh ite kind au 1 character of the
currency, most Sle an d comemeint and
least oppressive to the people.
Ill regard to Ilie lurst, Ae, tile represen
tatives of i ie pcople ol lieurgia. inifluen
ced *y a seltiels coiovleoln of the ulcula.
slatutinahity Sal a Untieda States lcak, and
lair its ineoxpedlentay also, shouhii dleexamla
extremely isijptllle to entlert.niu any ion
ger lime Idea o1 suchm an insIlUlina ever be
ctomg the liscal antsn of tihe Goivenment.
Itte are equlmly oajptosed to lime milrtaduc
tisan 01 the loical slanks at ilaets ordepoltsl
tories, ol ihe pub11l unds as wtell to avoid
the inulence ol thaut extraoardinary patron
age, tesultinig t) the apiniitinag power
from such conntciiion, wiethier that power
be stutired to rest with thmo lecutive oar
Itaken iota time hmands of Ctongress, as to
prevent the unmavoiidlable tendency oh such
a system Iromri swelling lihe revenue to an
unnecessary and dangerou,etn,pou
cmig fleutosmtriade and parices, nt
only by the increase tir the revenue, baut
Srom lime chanages fregnenitly made of lihose
corpotrationts a- depolsiatries anid agenmts taf
the paubbei m:mitey. P',opierly rejecting
both ofh these asgents cor vatriaus other good
realsons no01 netcestsary to lie set forth, as it
naecessarmly rtestu!s that I he Gtavrnmt
tnusi conceluct,bmer hisc:al transnetl.i thra'
time ariec taf hea's ma uholicers, apapoinitd
foar intl especoiaIlapurpoase.
Thearo aire but few systems whmich enn
lay claim to perfectsiotn. iiad as impi jerfect as
the dub-T'reaisury sy,tem omay bet, yet iin
tier prtaper guiards, wvith itt desamils pierfe
tetd, we believe it t he best systeml whmic
has )et been devised for the general gotod.
in dlevisting anrd dlisculssinmg time plans best
calculated t) secure safe~ty to thme revenue,
andh convenmiecite to tho GIovernlmena tad
its people,il shounldt h11le overksiketd that in
this widely extendetd coanfederacy m acic
Iatiion is demandeltitd. and( veiny much nee
ded, thmat will tsmainin eqtual value throtugh
onmi lime Union. Thme hills of a Batnk of lime
Unitetd Slates wouldi satisfy fully all ex
pet atis of convenmience fromn such cur
rency3, bt as it is time opinion taf ihis Lu
gislatutre. thamt aeven had Ctanazress lite pow
er to charter suich anl i.stilultion, lIme iniexpae.
udiency oaf tIme mneasuare shiotuld forbitd its in.
corp)oratioin, tine) propase a systenm which
wIle it hat', none tofthae ebaneteristics aof a
banik, wtauld allordi a coanveniemi andmt safeh
medinm of remnitltnce, withmout anay viola
lion of Ilie poawters of tine governmeonltar
rights of thme paeople. Thea goavernmt is
comelb-chd to raise sulicienat revenuate to
hear thne currenat expenssotf time year:upoatn
thmis futnd thecre dotes notl apapear to thmis lo
dy, any well grtaundted tibjectionm to ihe'
Goverunutmn s .aisuini aTreasuary Notes,limi
tted lay laiw to lit' amunt its ite Tralsuary,
reeemnale onl deamand ait as manyti potinats
of1 redet!ioitn, las Ihe comme,iire of I hea
hble tar redleemabilte sat r nehm paoint tolae graid
nated byim e Iamunt of revenue receivedi at
thens poi'uits. Thieso remaury Notes. is
msed tupon fundis acina:ll.v in the Trreasutry,r
wotul form) a s:afe andat w~hhlestome umedi
umn of uirtulazton and remaittace. na the
beans of payment would at ull times be
it kanul. iherelore,
1. Resolved, Tlattle revenue should
se cosioaeusurute with the wants ouiy o
(hu Go% eruniaoul.
2. iesolved, f'hat tUe estabi6.,ment of
i Natonal ainu in any luriss as utunau
3. Resolved, That had Congress the
1)ower to t harter a 1jank of ilae towed
Simei, tn exercsu of sue: lpunt;r w%ould
be hgaily nexpej.ims, iusloulaiac aud d.&u .
rerou!, as its great capi.a ama chequent
vredit wor4d no( fail to gave at a control
sug tmuluence liver all other annu mi- aalm
LUtioai, by whicts it wuld . imle
comimterce us well as tia ;,oisImca
LIluntr*y, therely dwai-ro-, ing; built
1o1 1of trade antid Ireetio.sa l opmitmi.s,
4. Rcdotvd,'au the ljsbalos 0.4
once have taulit u the ut ier mexleetl
Ul permititma tie public fu-ti6 L'a te coll
Itiiled by time lea4mma-tatuoaaua; ia12 lie
System t depositlinl ;n them, elihes up"ia
g.-teral or special deputsite, is tn aflect ae
same, and contrary to stuned pullcy, as
well ma accoun' of ilth partiaasity and javor
aimsaum ain granuang. ilme use ml tle governnment
moncy toilse eorojur.mouns, as fuim the
puh1aedl inluence willenl such depostories
necessarily have over all connected waitsh
hem, and ta prevenau 'a recurrence of tnease
utecs and oiner great evils, i is imdispeu
i,ibie that ana entire di-scounaecton or total
livorce uf 'ie Government u nerm aji BunK.,
-hoid Ise itha esuaitished and permancut
julicy of the Ainrican people.
5. 1Yovcd, That thle proisciple or the
Inoeilie !ent '.re..siry or Suil-''reazury
yswa-. im in strict conuarAuity wih the
egmlasiions of the Constitution antd the
prmctie- -if the governstent for many years.
6. Resolved, Tha the g-svernmeut can
:olleel, keepo ani aisburse its revenue in
Io w a) , nperfietly free ron partiality,
bnvoritim, or oppression. as through the
agency ofits own oilicers appointed for
Ile 1 11rp1114%e.
7. Resolved, For the convenience of
lie good people of the United slalev, that
it is prper Or the government to issue
Ireabiry oies or checks. haitedf by low
its the extent of the revenue on hand, re
Jeemaale on demand it all the convenient
114inams of* the Union, in proportion to the
rrvenme, received at such phices.
8 Resolved.Thi,i. witl regard to the cur
rencv t te receaval in the paymnent of
public lnes, the legislature is orf opiinion
Ilmat the Geieral Governmuentought to Ie
l-fm free tw'xereise the rights an'l privle
Kes of other creditors, in the collection of
Amwir ees, anl ht in the collectiost
if lie revenue, we are flurther of opinion,
lint. while the imeress of tihe Gisvernanent
should in no case be jeoparled, Xet the
noolvellience and interest of the people
hmu:ld Ie promoted a far ais practicable.
9: iRsolved, rhat liii Excellen'cy tihe
f;avernor h.e requested to fi)rward topies
!f Ilh. loAregoing preamble and re,4olu ions,
ro --nch orour Senators and Representa
Ve inl Congress.
Froi the Baltimore Anserican.
Voita. Dec. 26ih. 1838.
Gentlemen.-The stage from llarrialurg
Ihis norning, lionght inikrniation of the
itial .ction of the Senate, on the vexed
juestion, which hi been creating so Mu-h
3xaitenent in Pennsylvania, and Ieyond
her borders. The Senate. -by a viote of
17 l1 16. yeterlay Morning. refused -t1
.iu1-4ider lJh. resoluiion declaring the Wlilr
jr Cunningham Ilolinse legally orgtnisid
itil in the aflerunon. by the same vote, it
recognised the Hopkins. or Van Itur'en
ranch. It is stated sm, that the lopkinu
House refuseel to accede to the proposition
)f compromise, mentioned in anv last. st,4
as haing baeena made by she Cunmniingham
irancha. ontly 17 v(aaing in favor o.f it.
In the ~Senate, it was aamoved tbat sm
-esolution, paropisinag so recagnaise the Cimn
jmmnghatam hlouse, shoiuldl he taken upj. T1->.
y.as andi ulays laeing caulled,. stsoomt, yeas 16i.
says 17. 8ea the Senate refused mo tak.
a thme resoainsion.
Mmr. Michl.-r then submitied the follow
Whereas, dialiculties have arisen in the
>rg-anizationa of the Elouse oif Representa.
ives, mand i wo branches have fur some ime
iceen inm existence, each claiming to be the
-egularly constituted f lousa or Rtepresen
atives ->f Pennasylvasnia, lant neither hav.
rng hadit a constitutional quorums of meam
iera, whose seats were undlisputed, nad
seithmer has yes becen fully recognized by
Amid, whereas, the Ionse organizedl ha
lie election of Wsm. hilopkis, as. speaker,
Smiowv compijoseed of a consituiamal qpua
-m af undieisputsed mnembaera. andi ha....
hterebyv bareunauhs wimIhin the pale of the con
itmatmau, mime Ssn.ae caught noa longer to
eluse to r-ecogmze the staimi baos as the
i ricly cianstm used lionamse of Represen
Thecrefoire. R esolved. That a commnittee
ao appaciniteds toi inlorm said I louse that the
Senatme arie mnow oirgamnized amid ready to
sroceed mi hsusnmss.
Mr. Fraley, of the city, then moved to
uamnd, lay siking out the above and in
aert ing a reso)lution so this effect:
Whserea.s, she Seniate dial, on the 20tha
nat declare lay a resolu tioan of mhat body,
hiam tIme body whlich organsizedi by electing
Wim. Ilopkinas spensker, wams mnt constitu
ed at lmause accorimng to law; lbut the Se
ante hseimi now inflormesd that that body
mas ai conastituttional quormum of Represena
tatives, thaerefoire in oarder so sestle the diffi
-saty, it is lherelay adechuredl atm the Sennaie
viii recognsise' tand to opjeraite with saidl
looatse whenever it shall lie oflicially ceam
nusmemnted that they have re-orgnized the
A fter scome remarks byv Mescrq. Hamrclay
tid M ichher, MIr. Cas.ai moved teo aimnd
lie iaendumnt lay striking css all afier
hae word "Reitolved" undi mherting "'Thait
lie Seinase will commusnicate with and
C'ecoseiie ims time liese: sal Rep'resentative.s
he bodacy organiuse an ca heis insrih -t . hi
lie :lmeemiona of Thios. S. Cnnumsmi m "8~
Th'le yeas andi mnys n this a '"a.
ve:re venn i8, nuays' 19.
Mr. Ew ~ine thien amovecdic to aimendl ln.
iimendcmen-i, lay sriin isg camut all a fiar te
erord "liessolvedl"anal inisertinc alme fmillow.
ng, "Thalmt in the oipinmions sof this Se-nate,
eithecr eof time I lunr himi'c iting to be- the
lis. saf Repr-esetative's is eaonst.itution
Ily organise., .nnd the Senatei will not
c'mmntument:ae wit Ii citheor until contitution
After soth enrks by blessrs. rwtug,
Sirto, Miller, of the city, Bell, of Hun
tingdon. Fullerion and Barclay, Mr. Ew
ing'v amendieut was negatived, yeas 16.
Mir. Pearson then addressed the Senate,
when Mr. Fr; ley a ndment was neg
aived. Veas 15. Nays 17.
elit q-uatit'n wsijs tien taken on the a
rigmal resilution to recognise the Ilopkias
l149u.e, and decided in the affiriative
Yeas 17, nays 16,
Mr. Bnarclay tnen movedpu amend the
lirv.etbple by striking out the word "undis.
Iutei ' and inserting the words "regularlY
retirted'" whiela was agreed to, yeas 11.
1s1Ay 14,and slhts modified, thepreamble
as aiiiel. yeas 17, nays 16; and Mes.
q. %ielaier and -ililerof the city were ap.
'r.mted the Cumittee under the resolu.
The Senate sat from eleven until five
o'clock, it being the first instance in whieb
business was transacted by the Legislature
on Christmas day.
From the South Caroiiat of the M8t isk.
Turnpike Road. frora- Hamburg to tUe
Mountains.-At an al.iourned mieeting of
fhe Delegations from I-dgefield, Abbeville.
Petidleton, Greenville, Spartanhurg. Lau.
rens. and Newberry, held in the Senate
G hamiber, $ f id lesday evenirng,hie 12th
inbt. Col. 3enninger, from the commit.
fee appointed at the forier meeting, ulade
the following report:
The Committee apooinited to report such
measures as they may deem expedient for
organtzing a Cotmpany for the purpose of
construciing one or more Turnpike Roade
fim Hanoburg to .the Saluila Mountain,
have had the same underconsideration,and
resectfully report :
' hat ina;much as there is no doubt that
some praeticahle routes for several Roads
can be Mound, between Hamburg and the
Mountaiu-. they think the first matter
wteich needs attention, is to interest the
people of the diestricis iminediately coi
cerned. Wtlh this view, they wouM re
conisend that metings be held at all coe
vement public places in the said districts,
and subscriptions obtained for the Com
pany to be established. To eaure these
meetings au.l subscriptions, committees
shoild now be appointed in each district.
t take charge of the plan in their paltics
The next point to be arranged is a sur
vey of the rmtes, and an estimate of the
e.ast of such Rioads as may be deemed de
sirable. lo ascertain these facts, is of
great importance: and your commnittee
thereffire applied t. one of the most distia.
ushod Engiteers in the country, Major
J eNellf. for informiation upon what terms,
and at what,expense, he co..ld be induced
to traverse the routes, and give an estins
ate of their lracticability and cost. To
their great gratibcation they were assured
by this gentleman, that he would take
pleaslure in accomplisLing our wishs,
without any charge, and that at any time,
he would so arran:ge his business with the
Rail loud, as to enable him to traverse
the routes and tnake the estimates.
Your Commsittee were also informed by
the same gentlemnan, that he had i gener
al acquaintance with the -section through
which the Road would pass, and had no
Ooubt tPat a good load could be conitre
ted a$4 reasonable cost.
- Vour:Corittitee w lf, KcWtft a .
smend that the Comiaany be organized as
s4m) as psVible, with as large a capital*s
can be procured. It would be desirable,m
command more than one route, by making
a main Road below. with branches as it
reaches near the M4iuntains, or the Salu
da River. The capital of the company
should therefore he p)laced at least at 500,
lUt) dollars, divided into 5t000 shares, of
oneas hunadredl dhllars each.
A ena.. it is aiscertmed that a con
smderabale po'tion of th:ts stock is subscri
bed, a ch,trter of incorporation abould be
fratmed andi applhed for at the next session
of the Legislatute- if the Bill now before
she Legtslatu re, propossing to aid in the
cumnsructbon sf Turnpike Ruads, should
pas then the State would.Join in the en
terparize, and subscribe two-fifths of the
stoick necessary to complete the Road.
Your caommtittee therefore recommend
the adoption of the following Resolutions;
1. Resolved. That we pledge ourselves
tt Iasist itn formniog .a Company, to be cal
led the Salusda Turnpike Company, with
a capital of Five Hundred Thousand
Dollars, of one hundred dollars each, for
ti,te purpose of constructing one or more
*l'urnpike Rloads, from Haaburg to the
. Reolved, Thtat the chairman of this
mneesimng appoitut commiitteeces in each of
the districts amierested isa making a Rod
tron liambturg to the Saludha Mountain,
.mr the paurpoaie of callinig meetinags of the
citizens. ands procu ring subscriptions to
the cotnapanty hereby agreed to be foamed.
3. Resolved, Tlhat the said comiuitees
fort iainth, take stuch measures as in theoir
judgement may be dleetned ,-xpedienstfor
pirocuring the assistance and subscriptions
of the citizens of their respective districts;
and that the said committees be requested
so forward their respective lists of sub
scriptioin to the Executive commi:tee nam.
edl under the sixth Resolution, before the
first Monday of A pril next.
4, Resolved, Thats ftlae said Executive
cotiimsttee be requested, as soon as they
tshamll have recetved the said returnts, to
pirepmare a chtartesr of incorporation for the
s"'.ictiont of the Legislature, to give all re
quisite notices, anal to procure and pre
pare all such ducenments as may be neces
sary tio obatnin, if practicable, the aid of
5. Resolved, That the thanks of this
mteetistg be temihered to Major Mc Neill, for
the pattiotise. liberal. and generous tender
which lie has mtade s.f his services, to pro.
soue the imthhxarant oabject of this mneeting
si. Rlesolved. That an Executive corn.
miee ..r five be appointed, who shall be
peri' ally charged with the "whtle matter.
dte shatll be athorized eail regnsteed to
mtsi ihe *.arveys to he tmadec, and to make
eve'ry maittstte :arrang.emaent for the full
are..o Ia1ontS of the comiapany.
All whitch is rospe.c fully stubmitted, by
C. G. M M IGR
Tha Report was unanimously asdopted.
'il' Chairmnian sapitted the following
L onnteses in pursttance of the 2d reeot