Newspaper Page Text
OF THE CARRIt R OF TIE
T stn his annual cour-e has run,
Another now comes blithely on;
The Carrier boy. with wish sincere,
W.ould bid a happy, happy year
TO all his patrons. old and young.
l'!l strains.that may le suit ung.
We oft havc trudged thr d sleet,
Thal you should have. sheet,
Wherein the news from fCr r,
You might receive throuahout the year;
From Southern climes, and Eastern
From Northern shores, and Western
- :ind patrons, then, defer not hope,
But cheer our droopina spirits up;
Our bosom fill with rapturous glee,
y a generous New-Year'q fee:
With lighter heart. -mnd blithesome soul,
We'll serve you as the seasons roll.
We have ever faithful heen,
To portray the varying scene,
Of public weal and public wo,
How either party stind or go,
We have praised where praito was due.
And censured. though reluctant, too.
Our country's honor and her peace.
We will endeavor to increase,
And strive with firm and honest zeal,
T' enhance her famne antd common weal
Our counsel she shall always share,
Our mind in peace, our strength in war.
The course her senators pursue,
We will exhibit to your view
Impartially and tairly show,
To whom the meed of praise we owe
Indulging hope, with fervent prayer,
That lcav'n will guide nud govern there.
The merchant, and mechanic too,
Their interest we will keep in view
From week to week the markets show,
Snd other things that they should know;
How 0otton sells and Grocesies too,
And Broadeloths, green,and black, and
And to our youths, our country's hope,
Whingow in lifL are springing up,
Ont whom will ultimately rest,
The safety of our sires' hequest,
We'll show ile path that they should
The honor'd way our fathers led.
We'll prove that honor Is a gain,
ui oe a'terjk C L1ppeno
And long and lasting is the joy,
When we are found in her employ.
While patriotism should you guide,
A -patriot should have a bride;
From the fair daughters of our town,
Select a bride your joys to crown;
A single life fewv joys know,
WVhile ma:riage makes a heaven belowv.
* And 'o the fair, we will convey,
The hard's eflusions of the day,
" With thoughts that breathe, and wvor's
*We'll, cheer a lonely hour, and earn
F'rom their sweet lips thme welcotme smile,
That will many a care beguile.
- When a fond youth with manly art,
Woutld nobly seek exchange of heart;
With maiden holdness choose your stand,
Rlefuee at oncee or-take his handl.
Candor in maids can never harm;
Fastidiousness is not at charm.
And lik wise, in the time of youth,
Adhueret to virtue and to truth;
* ~ Religion's patit will prove secure,
And will eventually procure
Sweet peace of mind, respect and love,
And blessings wafted fronm above.
* Now to otur patrons we return,,
And hmope a generous fee to earn,
That when they read our comnpliments..
They wvill rewardi with Fifty Cents,
Wh ile others hail tihe (lay with joy,.
So likewise may tihe
*. The following paragraph is copied from
the Natchecz WVeek!y C'ourier, andi coin
eldes with ouar views so pecrftetly, that we
Oeannot refrain front gi'.inag it to otur read
ers. WVe would re-adily agree to tihe ar
Vangoment Paopaosed by our natmesake of
Natchmez, wvere our good friends with whmomt
wse transact bausiness to give ems thme quid
pro quo, whenm we desire it. but our paper
mankers to whom we made, tihe paroposition.
rejected it unanimously:
"Attentio,n!-Wec selom tor never pare
sent a hiill for yearly adt,e ~. withota
the dlemnand being mnad .imtime pa
per Gratis. This toe ,ne nor
never will do. It w.outlld reasona
able for its whena a merhay ems. us
iis hall for a couat, to deunmnd '"throwing
int" of a vest or if a bill foar a ptair of hoots,
to request tihe gratttions addlitiona of a pair
of alipmpers. Wt'hen the paulic gener-allv
will reciparorade tIme famvor lay such allow
uncesto tus, then we will gatve tIhe Couarier
without charge; htmr untill thmat timo arrives,
we ask to be exzcused."
In Senate, Mr. Rives g,tve a, statelment
of the reasous whicli had iiidueed hint to
oiler, on yesterday, tihe resolution, calling
upon tile Secretary of the Treusury for de
tailed information relative to the *counex
ionnuow existiang between the Goverument
and the U. S. Bank; aid more especially
as to tihe periods at which the bonds f the
Old lank were sold to the New lustitu
lion, tihe ternis on which they were nego
tiated, and the dates when the proceedings
thereof were placed to the credit of the
Treasurer on the books uf the Bank.
Mr. Rives also took the occasion t ex
press his opinions upon all the prominent
financial questions of the country. lie
took strong ground against the Adniis
tration, commmentel eariestly. but respiect
fully, upon time President's Message and
the Report of the Secretary of the Trea
sury-spoke of the letter of Air. iiddle in
contrast with the Report of Ar. Wood
bury-giving preference to the former in
discernment over time latter, because of its
bolder and moro iositive character. In
the one documen,tthere was a decidedness
which was not to be misunderstood. In
the other a silenwe which could not be un
lie spoke warmly of tihe Sub-Treasury
Bill-declared his belief that tihe friends 01
the Adininisration, Inany ol thetm at least
-h d no coniidence in the schene, and
only kept it up, a. a feint to deceive cer
tail) lortions of tie people.
Mr. Rives also expresed his belief in
the utiimty oWusing State Blank Institutions
for Government purposes.
Mr. Wright replied to Mr. Rives. with
some degree of* party spirit, wtich called
forth a spirited rejuinder Urom ar. Rives.
Mr. % right answered again, and Mr.
Ar. Niles spoke at some length in anl
swer to Mr. I(i ves, commenting upon the
zeal olnew conerts. and speakitg utnder
great excitetncnt After Mr. Niles had
Air. Calhoun took the floor and spoke
at some length in defeuce of the Suib-Trea
sury Bill-agai it the Deposite liank sys
team-in favor of a cumplete divorce f Wite
Government frot time lanks and in deela
ration of the opinion that tie late defalica.
tions in New York, went to show tihe utili
ty of the Sub-Trasury Bill.
Mr. Rives answered Mr. Calhoun, and
Mr- C. rejoined, when the Senate ad
Correspondenre of the 0. :reston Courier.
WAS INoG.os, Dec. 2.~).
Neither House is t ses .on to day, and
life weather is initentely cold. The ther
tmometer, this morning, at tie observatory,
on Capitol [lli. wns at .& below zero
a hyperhurean chmnate is this. at ttlie,4
changeable it is tom. It can blow hot and
blou cold, not exactly io the samie breath,
hut in the same day.
The chief tipic of conversation here,
just now, is the ne,, sub-Trea,ury Bill,
reported by Mr. Canibr leng. If ii 41n
adroitly drawn project. The Whigs fear
it-the frieads of the ultinistration have
stronk ho e in it. is cmnes to us, as a
81m4"are or securitntn tie public money in
.1i sqogu ne t a to, and f:r
nI ng p buriod fu lto rV, 1b W iKt6il .
awful warning of the danger of trusting
the public money to individual custodiun,
are considered, by the Opposition, as a
sort of coup de grace to tile SubTreasury.
But the bill is urged by the Administra
tionl p:rty, ain:tily on tihe ground that it is
essential for the scurity of* the public mo
nay I have bemid time opinion of' malny
nmembhers of ithe Whitg an-d ConIservative
inlterest, ais to the hill, an.t they view it as
presentina the du. Tmeetsur3 in its wormst
possible foram. A --amdinmg C.onservative re*
mmarks t. st it is time worst fonru whmichm lis
ever been givenm to the mesre-for it
leaves mnore to Exeetve discretion thain
anmy pirevious p)roject, antd is mlone rigt)mus
in its exatctionms of specie, speci., specie.
Under the directioni of anm Admainistratioon
hostile to time baniking interest, it can lbe
made a terrific engine of Esppression. It
carriest out Mr. Caihon's views ofi nmi ex
clusive specie currencey fomr time Glovernm
maent; but yet, its objects are so well veiled
that tmany' here aire tundier time impijressioni
that it is free from wvhat is cotmmonly
called time "specit.eclautse." ts to the
chmances. fur ime suce.ss of ti-e bill, they are
differenmtly esiammtedl. Some amuppose that
it wdil pass the. l'inse by tihe aid of a few
Conservantmve v'ote.,. My opinmionm is, ihast
will ii mnot pss. The eliunri ton drive it
through will b,e very stronmg anud prerse'ver
ing. Wat of vigilanwe otn the tins stif itt.
Oppo)Esitiont, mmay accure its success--noth
1mg else cant.
It has tbeen supplosed heore, ats I stmntion
ed ani my last, that time abmolitionm qunestionm
here was ablout commmintt to a crisis. I do
not tiikl there is mmieh room for time smup
positionm. I do noEt see t in t th;e unity, eith
er of the Soth or tihe Nrthm onm the sublject.
Among tIme Southern msembalers there tire
am least three distinct pamrties to the abholi
lion question, as piresented to Congress.
'l'here is onte patitty opuposed to the recep
tioin and discutssioni of petitions or pro(posi
tiomns onm time subjeet; thmere is another patty
in favor oi receptit)n, but uagainst disens
siout; tiere is tlt lanoer party agatins: retcep
ltin. butt itt fa vor if disession,w hlenm rece iv
e,d. PTe whiole nmbmer of votes agsainmst re
ce-ptionm & disctussioni is, I believe,ahmout 30.
Tine nitemblers from time non- slave holding
States, are v.ery amuchm divided in their o
p:monss nponm time sublject. Thne whole
tinuer of membmers of t lhe Hotnse of liep.
reset tives it favor of iegislatio)n on the
stubjec-t of slaver~y in the Distr-ict of Colum
bin is eight. VThe quamsrrel in time Hiouse, it
piresenit, relaties ttmily to rules and their
constructiont.Mr. intsdin, of Virgitnia, says,
ifs lhe coutry must go to wanr, Ihe wvants to
knowti w list it is for. if lie fights, heo wants
to figh't abotut stomnethiing more smmbstanmtiaml
thani a qutestiomn of order. Neither congress
ntor time comuntiry hans yet comhe ti any issue
sin thcn questionm of abolitioni; smnd the crisis
taslked of, is nmot yet. 'The abolitin quses
ton cumn comie to tic crisis, mintil it becomems
mnore inivolved with politics; anmd ttntil in
biecomes as geogratphicai question, as thne|
M?nlistri (ltitjo wats. It is barely posji
ble thmat fanmatic-al andmi political abhoiionismn
amay nmake sunlTleimnt headh way. itn a few
3e:irs, to cotmrol tie elect ions in the tmom
ssmavuo itn S....... e. ez~y j.
dvA , 'a to.
tiis in the nou-slavqboldpog'tita h
South wi ll be less shuken by It . "
North. The North miust bea l A Ar
the battle, and there is every -rea r .be
lieve, that there the voice .r( l'Ui
and.ol.the Constitution %%ill Wit
W AsuIyoTog *D6
In the Senate, ti1ay,no busins'lirn-jii
tance was transited. -W p ii .
presented by Mr,-Alien, of- Ohiq(r ,rn'
some obscure. county in that Stale,fhei-e
there are citizens so. far behind th blitics
and the wisdomn of the duyi asI sk.?qr
the re-establishmeni of a NatiduA-i$0k.
A hill for relinquishing to the Stateqf Ja
bamsa, the tiso post cong roadj fthhu'wd
discussed and postponed'. t .ime
was spent in the cunsideration u eis
In the House of Representatives; iminie
d1iately after 1he reating of the joua , the
House went into Committee:. oIthel hole
Mr. J. Q. Aduans an the chaar, otlie.,dis
posaitin of the President's blessag5 ''r.
1li1yoes, of Georgia. ollered reaoutious
distributing the lessage atongst. various
Comniee.,- % lien Ar. Bell, of- Tsulles
see, rose and addressed the iotise :for the
space of between tw., and three hours,
commenting at length, and very~severely,
on Ihe prmsiples and opinions exiresised in
this Statte paper-on its false opinions, its
mnaccuracies, and its asum ntion u.1facis.
% hen M r. Boll. had concluded, Mr. Pren
tis, of MisAi-sippi, obtained the floor for
to-morrow. und the House inmedialtly
M~asuIoToN, Dec 27.
We have no further information in regard
to Mr. Cass' all'air. His friends say ila
he has been recalled, but only fAr the pur
plose iff aiding the Department of War in
examining the condition of the ludiain ser
vice. Others say that Gnvernor Cass was
coneerned in peculations, but concernied
with others, who begun the gane before
he camse into the oflice. Time may or may
no devolope the real state of tle case.
Investigation by the Ilouse will bring noth
mng to light, all that is ditcovered, must
come so light ly 1 sort ofspontanceius coin
lau.tion. There are one or 'wo bureas
now inl such a state, that a little natter
ittieat filow them ip Aky high. Inve4ti
gation,4 got up (in party principles. may
serve to white wash def4ulters, but not to
In the Senate, to-day, there was little
of interest. The Secretary of tbe Treas
ory, seent in a very voluminous reipI :v
the resolutions of Mr. Rives. calling for in
tormnatiato in relation to the transaktinns he
tween tile Government and the Bank elf
tihe United States. Mr. Niles, titated tha
the reily was aminple and explicit.and was4
:stisfactiry. lie did not say that he had
reait it, lut lie was in favor of giving the
reply a cirenlation co-extensive'*th) thie
attack. So five thousand extra copies
were ordered to lie printed air. AVaIl, of
New Jersy. presented fite 6on t anti
14a114ess ilition nemorial, to-dayl: that I
huave ever yet heard of. It W;ts-a.me&no
rial frros the Suciely of FriendA,e'aId as
ked Congress to pass laws te a6filish the
slave trade hetween the States.N nd res
ore to all men, held te inv.dlfaht service,
-their inalignable rights. . P. RP n, oha
jected toethe reception of the p.q . Str.
Kagoof-41abiam, thught. J . h
she subject on the table. aCrIO-eith' de
sired to be heard, inut Ma. Kisg's motion
to lay the questioni of reception on-the an
ble, prevailed. Several aholitio- petitiois
were Iaid sin the taible withlout.debate.
In lel House (of Representativ-., Mr.
Prenti-oa, of lis-iissipipi. made a brilliant
sand inte.res.iing spaeel upwon the;topics lf
tle President's Message. Hi prinecal
subje.ct wans she diefalenation-ae or frand' sgaion
the puballic by the gov~e.rnmaent effleers, asni
he usnderteook tea sew ala-st the Presidewia
was guisty ofgrows 'lhpocry ina pretenduisni
to so mueh Cisncern ihr the. pusrity eaf the
lasnkhhe othieers. andie its piroposinag toa inv"e
aigate their amsiscmdect. Tfhae Presienat,
lhe mainstainaed, land esncou raged sand connaa
tenanssced tall thos-e frands, which lhe propo-.
sed to punieh as *peiinentiaary felionie..
lIe wtv in dce'tails of the case uof Spaenrcer.
eaf lI:arrist, aend sever I oilhers, so sew that
the Preset continuted in oti ice, mn who
were acknowegedt detiulters. Air. Cash.
an asad Mr. Atherton, of N. IH. will reply
tea Mr. Pirentis.s, eat this subject.
It hats been surmised here of hate. that
seame of the Seauthera Whaigs. ind Conaser
vative, w-ill propose AMr Rives, ais a can-.
didlate for thae Pre'sidlene. lie will nest lhe
barounLht forwar<.l atnter presenta cirenamstans
ces. wvials out mliry tea his strengslh at hiome-c
and he has., I imtaaae. lent nao counten
an5Ce to such a haropoasitiona.
Corre.ependencce,J ofte Southerna Patriot.
. U A5tt:NeTON, Dec. 28.
AIter the J nasials hsad bseen reuah, a: r.
Wise maoved tne prainting oaf 20(10 extra
copaies e,achs, caf thsree doan mnents re.lating to
thse delckationu of putbhie Otlicers.
Alesarse. Crary, Beaein asnd either. op'
posed the motion, en the groand thuat it
would be a useless extravagance (arthe pub-.
.lic money. Also that at wvould lie sanjust
to maany ofthe individuals menioanedh asere
in,. who had subasequsently paid up their
aiccoutnts, and were not defauslters.
air. Camibrelenag regretted that thc Sec
retary ofIthe Treasury had transamieed the
doeumessts wvithout an explaatory letter,
as is woutld thsen have appeared that more
thsans onse haalf were merely nominasml defaul
seers, who hadl iaot hade tme to presenit stheir
vouchiers. It was well knowns that in umany
eases, masteand of the psartie bueinag defasl
aers, whean she batlanace came seo be setrsuck,
the Governmaent itseclf was lasgely inadehated
to themi. Hoe did not like thais system ofarn
king up and liblcling the ghosts ordeeasmess
who lad piroved theselves blameless.
lie alludeed to the fatct thins thse Seretary
was compgelledh annusally tea report to Cots
paress atIl those w'ho were indebitedl to Gov
ernmssent, atnd thereby clasas them a de
faulters, biefore the whole at their accouts
haid bseen received-. lie hsuped that Act
would lie repetaled. lie expreased hsia. firmt
conv%iction, thins not otnly thet efealention of
Sn art weant, butt those of all others, wv as to
lbe nistributecd teo thme darlsng paper oft the
Ogposiaion. Hie trusted, however, that
recent eveats wouahld ns lerngth tpent 4eir
eyes, and conavinsce thsem of then necessity
of adop~ting the Ssab Treasury sysatemt, by
whaich alase, a reenarrence of such evils
could be pirevented ins future.
After am ananted dea, - et.w...
na.l ontfee, and
Legure'exgreehis a stornehet
S isItiodhoutd be 1abid to.1he
p001111t li tito.extra copies. - For lis
ari, h s' mnxious tile witwe sunjee,
,, Uid iw agr 5tie pole, for imena to do
. ;q it' 0 IVUi AtIe conde"su.ation
iMr. Wt se contended ia, the decretary
ofrtne Vreasury find already ouin cuaie let
ed by AIr Prentiss i grusa neglect Uld
morul diahonsesty. aio le, ir. %V., would
impeact 1mm uUore She neuate, when
fGre should te til least chance ol 1a,4vail
a lair iiearing. 'Aiter rouaucto n Iiss
jtrain until li beennse lisar-'0, am 4 1toliu,
tile sacred scriptures o tile nost revoitia6
Iaiuer, lie resu.@&ed ils baUt.
kmir, A iouis puggeted fiat the gentle
anu Lad better sa e Speciic cuaregs it
against the 6ocrutary, raier iu.mi uioni iat
genserad Illvective, as the laittler wouid tiet
:thenl have Soue chunce ft defouu ts 1nn
Al'ter soame briel remarks i'romuA.. Joun,
without taka g the queamuss tile iluuse
Amoug tie Executive Cuominuniciaiounz
received last evening, was a report 1ruin
file becreary Of Le i're.aSury ls r-Upl) to
tile UsWilutious o' ir. Aves, relatilig to
tile sale o touds, &c. to the U. a. Buak.
It .tlates fht oI tas ti (le wanlt of a ;uar
aut) 11) tle United blaler., float tie outiias
would be paid by tile 1isaik, it Was louiad
ieupraeticable to vilcet it sale at 'aris or
London, oul the ternis pi escribed fly law.
It was alf%O loUlid UIp-1ucabIle to sell
tielso i lutis country, ieml tlhe Secruiar)
lindlig that Iate .1munllt of "ie of' fihe
buids was nocessary ior tihe use of Gov
erunut, anld thit the sale ol it sitigly,
couli no where else ie clitcied. at tii
tle U. States Bank, as a maater of* vibo
lute nlecessily On itie I1 W) August, 1d3d -
The amount ciut wa s ctereal flu fhe oouks
of tile bAlnk, to tle credit of tle IJ. biales
'reasuret; aid it was siapui.ated that lay
aieuL sit1l14 lie aiaide .in specie or its elluiv
alealt." l'le sile of Ill other hons I Was
also allerwarias ellected, nid arraigemeut,
were umate with tle bank,to pity tie pubbic
credaiors at certain pints In sil-itr a 91 tilt'
U. States reasurer, Im specie or its equoav
It is presuaned this report will explaii,
the whole amatler, and .hw that fle sales
were effected i-om ibsoliute necessity. it
was ordered to be primed.
Thaftillowing l'reamble uand Itemolutions ui
Air. Howard, on the Larrency, were pas'ed by
the ueorgia Legas.uture.
Wni:aA. fime qestion of dirpellsing
witlh oaiks as tile agenti oi l he iovern
iucut fit i e c4illection -sul disbarsement of'
tile Puiie itevenlue, and tile ompCUan11.1fly
.uiquebtioa of tile Currency aost proper
to he empluyed it thle fiscui operaauaoa li
the Guovermut, are tooth of ago .1iug
andexcating ch,tracter. as welt as oi grat
ispurtallce a Itfee cunbetfuenees, it U1.
comes tlae right kanld uudr. tile carcuis
at .ucas of' tue cxciimeaneut) the dut% of' tie
G nel'n Aasemlii, to exircss treel) thes
ulsious in rela1tin to boit urancht, of fillas
ittportant autiject. Tie Indepunden
Treasury- or cub-Treasury sy:mema, cons
Ionly so castied, ulvolves two queslidus,
eachof great ianporatice, but wholly iode
g~epadeq 'ilie -first, hess, I its object,
dascunection of tle bank, with tS reven
u. 1'e second seeks it deterimut .iad
establish Ine kind a i character Of tle
currency. laost Sale And conemaet and
least oppressive to the people.
In regard to mie first, we, the represen
tataves of ale pt'ople f fiueorgia. ininen
etd .,y a efeSeia coavielo n01, life ulacul
simulaiahtmy atia Unite.d States Basnk, amid
leir its imexpedlemly also, shouldi diem a
extremuely' impstae t) enter.aio rany Ion
ge'r the idea oi suchm an1 tisimtUtai ever be
csaag the fiali agnt of tihe Goveorlmaent.
U1 e are equmally pspsed (0 tihe airouic
(aian oi the iuo'al iias5ks as ags'ntsordeosici-s
Icries, cif the piuhiic lunds as wveil to avoid
the anfluence ci ihiut e'xtraordaiary pamron
imge, a'esuthig to thle apinmtinlg paower
irom such cntio~asn, wnethLler that power
be uni'ea'ed 1(o resa with (lie FXecutive or
taiken mnto the hanmds of' Conagreas, as to
prevent lie unavoidable tendenicy oi' such
a system ifrom swellinag tihe revenue to an
unnecessary and anger'ou, extent, prodai
emig flu"auatmons an traide aind pirices, not
only by the icrease of the revenmue, but
iroai the chiasnges frequently madSe of' those
corporatima a. depaositories aind agenmt. of
time publbe moneiy. P.'operiy rejecaing
both sof these agenis for v'arisous othmer good
resonuts aot necessary to lbe set forth, aIs it
necessarmly results abait mlhe Govrnmena
snusm comouct,ber l.i ca tranlsua lions thiro'
the fl'genicy of 11er on ni ollicers, appoinated
for timni espt'sal pusrpomsef.
TIhe're iare but few sy stems which en
lay claim 14) pere-e1lo. amid ams impjerf'ect as
the Sub-Traensmry sy,=team may ibe, yet tin
der proper guards, withi its deanis pe'rf'ec
(0ed, we helieve it thei best system whic
has yet beenm deavised fo)r the general good.
1mn devismtg aind dictissinig the4 plina best
calculated t) secure saf'ety to the revenue,I
and con venienc'e to time GIovernmenitind
its people,ir should not lie oveLrikCked that in
this widely extendted confledleraicy a rce
latiorn is deinandedi, and veriy amucha nee
ded, that will aintnina eqal v'alue thmroumgh
omit the Uniomn. TIhe bills of' a Bank of 1he
United Slates would satisfy fully mall ex
petations of conveiecnce from smeh enr
renicy', baut as it is time opinain oi' Ihis Le
gislature. thmat ievesn haid C'unaress 11he pow
er to charter sach ani istii ci ion, Ilhe inex po
dfiency of the mteasure shmoulmd iorid its in
corporaihom, they p)rop)osc a systema which
while it ha-, none of I le ebaetiseeristics o~f a
bamnk, wttahilord a coniveniet and sali
medinm oif remutittnce, withonut uany v'iolia
lion of thie po)w ea of the gove-rnmeno air
a'ghits of She people. The government is
comopelledl to raise suiliaicaien revenue( tao
lher time curraenti exI)ensesofsi thec year: uploni
this fund there does lnot appeicar to this ho
dy, any wellI groundae-d obaject'aion to the
Govertinmeni's su'ainagTreatsury Noters,Iimia
ted by hiwt to I le imtamout ittni tha'reaistmry,
medeemabile oni demmand at as. manmy pinats
of i'edempmion. ais the col.mer'a' of' mme
ecounmtry tmay require'--the qumantisy pav' t
ble or' redeiemleni at achl posint to be grad
tnted by time amomini of reavenSue retceiv'ed at
htse pi'nts. These Treasuiry Noles, is
sued uponi funds acm nallyv in the TIrensotry,
wotil form a b,afe and 'vhlsome medi
1tU of eairiulauica andc remuintaa.e ah
MSeas of payment would at all times be
ut hand -. 'fherelre,
1. fiesoved, Toat'the revenue should
be commnensurate with the nuta uuiy of
2. Re'olveu, hailt soe estabsi6ament of
a National flaus in any lrs as uAD*u0a
3. Resolved, That had Congress the
power to tiaater a iank oA tue uwed
8instis, ue exercise of suun pun er ijeuld
be laigaly ianxp-itwst, sulauhiae Ind d.a1 -
gerou, as it,4 great cupi.ia ai conequent
Creatt Wold not lsail to give it at control
tiag ifhuence uiver all other minea tuia
tutis, by wilil at woui a to
comns11a1rce as well as tie ;,ii,eft
Couitry, thereby dutstrol islg bUl1 a
doml to 'irade and Ireetio.ii of ojimosa.
4. Atmcd,'That the Juszoub a& *4S",
ecne have taught no the u'ir sayer
of perateiii tile pIUbliC it-fa is o c -ut
troled by tile le lsa-litu nau:; ilint she
sysleml) at dep-ositangf an thelln, elliles ups
g.-iteral or specaal depsmie, is ans affect ine
saae, aud contrary to sound policy, as
well An accout of tWe piriadliy duel JavOr
m-asm in graaunu the use tii [he goveruanent
m11onley totile-e ecorpor.attui, as froml the
pu scal iilunce ti;wsen such depositories
n1ece3s1ssiiy ive over all comnecied with
totem, und to prevent 'it recurrence of tmede
el'ects and omner gresa evils, ss judspeu.
stile thiS an enire discounneaan or total
dihtorce ufle Uovernmnent lrosu ail Banj,,,
aoild le she estaalished aid ierjumnent
olicy of tht Anerican people.
5. Resolved, Tiat hie jirmicipie or the
Infsept'mlleut tr..sury or Suit-Treazury
sysi--Il. ab im strict coulirmsty with the
le(Pa1si11is of tihe Cuastiutiotn and the
praetiveo f ite goves ument for iny years.
6. Resolved, TFhat The g-overniment can
ctolleet, keep ua disburse its revenue in
no ws , es perlelly frie firot piartiality,
laIvorititsi, or oppression, as thrmigh the
agency ofits own ollicero appointed for
the I urpose.
7. Resolved, 1'or the convenience of
the jpod petople iif the United Siates, tiat
it is pr4olper lir the government to issue
friealsiry noles or clecks. limited by law
iii the extent of the revenue on hand, re
deemabile tin demand at all the- conveuieuw
imuis of the Union, in proportion to the
revennes- received it such phlaces.
8 Resolvea,Tlm. wit s regard to the cur
rency to ie recesveh is the paynent of
public aties, th.- leeislature is of opinion
that the- General Goverinerntought to be
left 1ree toaexercise [te rights anl privile
gas 4of tither creditors, in the collection or
-seir eS , and thiat isn the collectimt
of ihe revenues, we are further of opinion,
shat, while the interess of the G:overtnent
should in no casie be jeoparled. Xet the
colivellience and interest of the people
-4siid ie promoted as fair ass practicable.
9: Re-soied, That hi4 Excelency the
(ILvernor be reguested tea firward c opies
sif te foregoing preamble and res-olusions,
ro --asch ofour Senators and Representa
-VfM inl Congress.
Fro# the Ialtore Amersram.
Yoa. Dec. 6th, 1838.
Gentlemen.-Trhse stage from Ilarrisblurg
this norning, htunight information of the
finial .iction of the Senate. on the vexed
question, which ha-s; been creating so mu.-h
exeitement in Pennsylvania, and beyond
her borders. The Senata, .by a vote 01
17 1o 16. yesterday Morning. refused' to
eon4sider th- resolutiots declariug the Whia
or Cuninghiam lioise legaily orgastis--Ai
antl in the afteruton. by the same vote, it
recognised the Hopkins. or Van Ituren
branch. It is stated toox, that the Ilopkin
Hlouse relused to accede too the proposition
of coiloromise, entiioed ill my last. sas
as haavintg beesn made by the Cunsninghas
barasnch. onaly 17 votinag in falvor sef it.
lIn the Seaee, it was mossveds that the
reasolutiona, prsopoisintg to recagntise theCtun
umiamues lionse, shouhal lie takesn ny. T''
y-as anid nsays baeing4 called,i staor, yeas iti.
nayvs 17. 8o the Senate~ refuse-d so task.
up ste resoe iam.
Mar. M Jicht--r thesn submitted the follow -
Whereas, delieicuties have arisen in the
oargansizationi or the flouse ofi Represnac
tives, and t wo branches have- for some time
hbeen ias existence, cach claiming to be the
regularly consstitutedl liousa of Represen
sativec qf Pesissylvamnia. latt neither hav.
ing haid a constitutional quorums of mani
bers, whose seats were undisputed, antd
nseithter has yea becen fully recogsnized lay
Ansd, whereas, the hionse organizedl hs
sihe election ol' Wms. Hiopktms, as sjpeaker.
as now -otmpoasedh of a cosntitutionsal quo
resms sif nudsisputesd mtetmaiers. sad h...-g
thereby~ brosut wvithina the puale (If the runi
stttni, the Sesnte esughlt no loniger to
reafuse to ra.eogmsze the saidu llottse as she
propierly consstisuted linse of Rep)resen-.
Thserefoare. Resolved. Tat a commnittee
lho tlapointed 5t) inthrm staid I louse that thse
Sesnnie asre now organuized and ready so
prsosced Sao business.
Mtar. F~raley, of the- city, then moved to
amencid, by striking out the above and in
sertimg a resoluitiosn to this erfect:
Whlereas, She Seaste dial, oan the 201h
inst declarcelby at resolutlian of that boday,
that thme body whtich organsized lay cleating
Wmi. hlopkis speaker, wits Slot constitu.
ted sa letuse according to law; bsut the de
isase baeing now isnformed that that body
has as consstituatisonal quoruam of Rtepresens
tattives, thserefore in eareer so settle the difIT
enhyi , it is herreby dlechatredl that the Senate
will recoinsisae anad toi operate witha said
hlousse whaenevter is shall lbe allicially ceimi
smtusnscntedl thats they have ra--organuizedh the
A fter saise remar-ks by Messrs. Barc-ay
san dMichaler, Mr* Csa-ssau moved Sao amsesnd
lhe tamendenLtt by saitrising #555 all aifter
then waird "Rceolved"' andi mnerting "'Thas
thse Senatse will commusnintesa w,ith assad
r-ecosi,e its the Iliaone at lipresentats ives
taheidy airgas e. S sn tht~esirth Si . hsy
thte aelec-t ion of Thos. S.~ Cun aaa
Thela yens and tnys na tis n'~ 'n"t,
wvere va;ss 13, natys 19.
Mr. F.w"i ng thlen moaaveda se ae asrilIa
nmemimeen.ssa. lay ,sr,ikiner ett a,I :iie-r ihe
waordlf "iesoldanildnilinse-rting ste fellaowt.
isg, "Th.,st ina she opuiiun siC this dennate,
necither of the lIhontess etiniin is tohe the
hhsatua tat Reprsesentaotives is conistisain.
nlly orgamasad, and te Sesnnte wvil not
commstattii:nre with citlbr until Cons!tituton
After soisefernarks by Messrs. llwiug.
Strabhna, Miller, of the city, Bell, of Hun.
tingdon. Fullerton and Barclay, Air. Ew.
ing's atmeudment was negatived, yeas 16.
31r. Pearson then addressed the Senate,
when ir. Fr ley-am. ndniena was neg
aiived. Yeas 15. Nay 17.
'ie q,iestion was then taken an tie a
rigmul resolution to recognise the lopkins
llure, and decided in the ufilrniutive-.
Yeas 17. nays 16, .
Mr. Barclay tien moved .to amend the
pre.aimble by striking out the word "udis
pued ' andl inserlinig tihe words "regularly
returned" which was agreed to, yeas 19.
ISAys 1., and tbus mnoditied, thepreamble
. W.l udoited. yeas 17, nays 16; and Me*
sr. A ichler and -Millerof the city were ap.
ptited thie Committee under the resolu.
114n. - Adjourned.
''hle Senate sat from eleven until five
o'clock, it being the first insitance in which
businesq was tratusacted by the Legislature
on Christmnas dy.
From the South Caroisiai of the 28th t.
Turnpike Road.fson" Hambrg to the
Mountains.-At an adiourned meeting of
tie Delegaiu romi lyn Ldgelield, Abbeville,
Pendletot, Greenville, Spartanhurg. Lau.
rene. aned Newherry, heki in the SEnate
Chamber, on Wedtiesday evening,tie 12th
jnbt. Col. Menminger, fi-mn the commit
tee appointed at the formner meeting, tmade
the following report:
Tihe Committee aptoirnted to report such
measitres as they may deem expedient for
orgasirzing a Cumpany fir the purpose of
conitrucing one or more Turnpike Roads
l1om Hanmurg to. tie Saluda Mounitain,
heave hrad tire sa me underconsideration,aud
resrectoully report :
That ina-imuch as there is no doubt that
some praeticahle routes fbr several Road.
can lie found, between Hamburg and the
Mountain". they think the first matter
wimch needs attention, is to interest the
people of the di-sricis immediately con
cerned. Wilh this view, they woul-I re
comhaesd that meetings be held at all con
vememta pueilic places in the said districts,
and subscripions obtained for the Com
piany to be ebtalilhed. 'o e-ure these
meetings an- subscripions, committ es
slinild now be appointed in each district.
to take ciiarge of the plan in their paitica
TIhe next point to be arranged is a sur
vey of The rites, and an estimate of the
east of such Roads as may ie deemed de
sirable. 'o ascertain these facts, is of
great importance: and your committee
iherelore apiplied t.) one of the most distin
guished Engineers in the country, Major
McNeill. fur infortuation upon what terms,
and at wtiao expense, he co..ld be induced
to traverse the rotes, ad give an estim
ae of tljeir practicability and cost. To
their great gratilication they were assured
by iis gentleman, that he would take
pleasure in accumPlishing our wishfs,
without any charg--# and that at any time,
he would so arrange his business with the
Rai Road, as to enable hini to traverse
the routes and inake the estimates.
Your Cormrminee were also ieformed by
tire samo]I gentlemras, that he had d gener
al aqailainttnat .. ith the section through
which the Road would pass, and had no
doubt that a good tiusad could be con.true
ted N1 s'reasouablu cost.
Vour- Cocii tee wouk fth-twrecs -.
isend that the Company be organized as
sil an pfiesible, with as large a capital as
can be procured. It would be desirablema
cornand more than one route, by making
a main Road below. with branches as it
reaches near the Mountains, ur the Salu
da River. The capital of the company
should mherefore he placed at leasi at 500,.
oUt) dollars, divided into 5000 shares, of
s.nes hundred dolrlars each.
A. ',xo as it is asrcertmmed that a con
siderarble portion of this stmick is subseri
lied, a eh,arter o1 incorporation abiould be
iramead amid applhed for at the next session
of theL Legislature. if the Bill now before
the Legrslaiure, proposing to aid in the
coinstruction of Turnprike Roads, should
pass, lihen thre State would join ini the em
erprize, and subscribe two-fifths of the
stock necessary to conmplete the Road.
Your cornmititee therefore recomrmend
the adoprtioni of the following Resolutions;
I. Resolved, That we pledge ourselves
to assist mr forming ~a Company, to be. cal
led tire ?Saluda Turnpike Company, with
a capital of Five Hundred Thousand
Dmllars, of one hundred dollars each, for
ti,m purprose of constructing one or more
t urnpmke Ruas, from ilaamburg to the
2. Resolved, Thmat time chairman of this
mneeting~ appisomt commmiteecs in each of
the di%tracts imsterested rin mnakin.g a Road
nra hiaanburg to the Saludtt Mountain,
i'r tire prurposie of callinig meetings of the
easis, arid procuring subscriptions to
time coanaiy hereby agreed 1o be foamed.
J. Resolved, Thai ihe said commiueoes
hortai. ith. take such mer.asumres as in tiseir
j udgenment ray be deemed expedient for
proc uring thre assist ance and sub lscriptions
of the catizemns of their respective districts;
and that tire said committees he requested
to forward their respective lists of sub
scriptions mo the Executive committee nama
eud uder tire sixth Resolution, before the
first Mionmday of A1pril next,.
4, Resolved, Tirat 1thme said Executive
comnlrmttee be requested, as soon as they
shlrl have recemved the said returmis, te
pirepiare as chater of incorporation for the
andeion of the L.egisalature, to give all re
quaisite notices, andi to procure and lire.
pare all such ducenents as anay be neces
sary to obtriso, if practicable, the aid of
5. Resolved, That tire thanks of this
mieaetinig be lendrered to Major McNeill, for
the pirromiae, liberail. and genemous tender
wich lhe bhas marde of iris services, to pro.
mo,to m he ismigNr: inn object arf this meetng.
ti. Ilesoslved. TIhat an Executive corn.
ntmitmea .r Sive be appoinlted, who shall be
specaiaaliy a harged with the'whole matter.
and shall be auilhorized andt regneasted to
anisea the varveys to bei mradae, and mo make
every requtisite amrrnm,rent for the full
o'ra.ma .: siun af thme co'mirpany.
All whirch is respe-c fuly submitted, by
Tha Report wits unanimotutly adopted.
Thems Chairnanm appointedi the following
Cstmnrrtmees im pursuance of the 2d resoc