Newspaper Page Text
From te Correspondece of the Charleston Cour.
WASnIIYGToN. Ja1. 21.
In the louse, Mr. Adams, of Massachu
setts-asked and-obtained leave to make
the following statement,.which is deemed
here of vast importance. He stated that
he was not an abolitionist in any sense of
that term. He asserted that he had never
..been, and was not now, in favor of the- abo
Jition of slavery in the District of Columbia,
If such a bill were brought before Co -gress,
he would vote against it. He said he had
read every thingthathad been written in
favor of -the abolition of slavery in the
District by Congress, and he had maturely
weighed the subject, and the result as a
deliberate and strong conviction of its inex
itency.. He.said that he would prefer to
venthe seat of, government ebiewhere
than in a slave-holding Disirict, and, if it
was constitutional, he would remove it and
retrocede.tbe District to Maryland and Vir
ginia, but he did not think that course con
stitutional. He was, however, in favor of
referring these petitions and ofhaving a re
port upon them, and he perceived no reas
on why this subject should not be discus
sediheie as well as any ot ir.
it now appears that Mr. Adams wishes
to-have the subject referred to a Commit
tee, of which he shall he the Chairman,
and referred without limitation; and he
then wishes to present his views against
the objects of the memorialists.
In the Senate, to- day. the bill for the
suppression of duelling, was taken up, and
some discussion took place upon it. The
bill was finally ordered to be engrossed.
In the House of Representatives, Mr.
H.11aynes made an attem)t to procure a sus
:pension of the rules in order to go into
. Committee of the Whole on the State of
the Union, upon the President's message.
4which, at this late stage of the session, has
C not yet oeen referred to the several appro
( printe Committees. It soon became man
lifest, however, that; if the House went in
to Committee at all, they would differ very
.much as to the business first to be, taken
JUp. Some wished to take up the bill for
the relief of the persons who suffered from
French spoliations prior to 1800. and Mr,
Cambteleng gave notice that he should call
on an appropriation bill; Mr. C. remarked,
liat the only appropriation bill which had
yet passed, was the bill for the payment of
the members themselves The result was
that the House refused to go into Commit
tsee. After some unimportant business, the
Senate's bill to reduce and graduate the
price of the poblic lands was taken up and
read twice, and, the question being then
opon its reference, some members wi-ahed
to haveit referred to the Standing Comn
mittee on public lands, andi others to the
mlect 'Committee of twenty-six on the
subjectof the disposition of the public lands.
One reason given why the subject should
be referred to the Committes on flhe Public
SLanlxtsas, that they were in favor of the
proposed measure, whereas the Select
was not well disposed towards it. Mr. E w
ing reflected in a very harsh manner upon
F the Chair for organising tuch a Commit
tee on the subject of the public landR. Ue
accused him of predilection azainit the
new States in the appointment of the Com
Mr. Wm. Cost Johnson, Chairman of
the Select Committee state.l. in substance.
that the'Committee were disposed to a.
dopt''apiidciple of graduation combined
witr distribution, and that he hoped ther
would be able to present to the House a plan
of thmis sort.which would be acceptable. It
*also appearedl in the debate, that the Corn
omittee had negatived ihe plan for distribn
tion, as proposed by M r. Clay, and that mh
gradutation plan and Mr Calhoun's project
were before them. No question was tat
ken on the motion to refer, as Mr. Mont
gomery, of N, C, anticipated that motion
.by moving that it be laid on the table. Af
*tsr a call of the House. the question wa'
taken and the motion to lay on the table
was agreed to, yeas 102, nays 97.
. Thus has this itmportant measure been
disposed of for the session. It is not sup.
posed that, whatever the Commiittee of
twenty-six shall report, there will be any
action on so important andscomplicated n
p robable that. next year. the miatter may
bsettled, It is highly important to the
.public interests, both in reference to politics
ad reeuthat it should be settled.
- ~ January23.
In the Senate to clay, Mr. NorvilT inttro
deced a bill, granting lands for the: use of
Fcolleges in the U. States. The bill was
not read. It masy be a sort of sop, cast to
the old States, atid iptended to moderate
atheir opposition to the new land p-:ojects.
Mr. Tallmadge brought foraird a-new
Enancial project of great importance, in the
ghap: faieof-reso~'utions, - as follows;
...-'.eolmed, That a number of sound spe
. oie paying banks ought to be selected, un
-der suitable regulations, for safely keeping -
the public money."
- -Resolved, That paymnent of public mon
cyotught to be made in gold and silver, or
in notes of sound specie paying"'banks. un
der suitable regulations, to be proscribed
by law. --
Resolued, That the selectiid banks, in
~consideration of such deposites, ought to
pseuform 'without charge, 'he same duties,
tor vernment ingtransferring the pub
lic odseand distrib,ujing the same in pay
tuent of tfie public creditors, as were per
formed by the late, Bank of the, L. States.
Tlie-resolutions were ordered to be prin
The bill to aliolishm imprisonment for
debt, in certain cs, and the hill to sup
press dumellinigit tDistrict of Columbia,
were read a ii~'ime and passed.
The;Senae'at an early hour, went into
ani Exefttise session.
* -Tle.Htuse had, to-day. another battle
tapoilthe graduatitiont bill. Mr. Ptriken
r noved that the vote by which the bill was
laid on the table, ho reconsidered--and Mr.
Williams, of N. C. moved to lay this mao
tion on -the table, which was rejected
yeas 96,:nays 102. The motion to recon
sider was lost, by the very close vote of 98
to'99 . --
If the House had ever gone into-this sab
Joet, i wotnid have al' the next six
weeks, just as the lnvestigauon queston
oectipied tfie last seven weeks. W ienev
er this subject, which is of so much sec
tional interest, shall - coae. before the
House, every member must be heard up
Another ineffectual attempt was made
to-day to go into Committee of the Whole
on the State of the Union, in order to ,ake
up the President's message. The House is
afraid that the debate onl the message will
tie continued, as it probably would be,
should they get into Committee.
Mr. Bronson, from the Committee on
Territories, reported a bill to authorise the
people of Iowa to form a Constitution and
State Government. So, we have three
new States knocking at our door. Flori
da, it is true, yet wants the requisite num
ber of inhabitant, but Col. Benton's occu
pation bill will soon give them to her.
The House adjourned early, being with
out a quorum. We have no news here.
out of Congress. There was a rumor that
a Minister Extraordinary is to be sent to
Turkey, but it has died away.
In the Senate, Mr. Benton brought for
ward his bill for the abo!ition of the duty
onl Salt. and the fishitng bounties. ad
made a long speech in favor of the meas
ure, relying very much for his facts and
views upon certain documents, communi
cated some years ago to the British House
of Commons. The duty, though small,
throws the imported Salt, into the hands
of monopoliets, according to Mr. Benton's
idea, and greatly enhances its price. Mr.
Davis, who represents the Salt-making
and Fishing country, stated that he should
reply to Mr. Benton's views, when the
subject was next taken up.
MrN Wright gave notice that he should
to-morrow call up the-report of the Secre
tary of the Treasury, in relation to the sale
and-payment of the U. S. Bank bnds,
when he will reply to the remarks of Mr.
Rives, and Mr. Rivet is expected to reply.
There is nothing of much interest now
before Congress. We are all waiting the
return of the investigating Committee, for
that is the chief business of this session.
In the House, Mr. Cambreleng made a
report on the state of the Treasury. As
was expected, he cries out for retrench
ment and economy. as well he may, for
without them, the Exchequer will be soon
very low. He says, if Congress pass the
Harbor and Fortification bills, as reported,
we must get five or six millions from some
source or other to meet the expenditur
we shall fill short by that amount. There
will, therefore, as you may suppose, be a
hot battle when the appropriation bills
come up for discussion.
The House went into Committee of the
Whole, on the State of the Union, (Mr.
Adams in the Chair,) and took up the Pre
sident's Message. Mr. Everett, of Ver
mont, took the floor, and spoke some hours
against that part of the message which re
lates to Indian affairs. Mr. Everett went
into a review of our Indian policy,.- to
which he has always been hostile. Mr.
Masou, of Ohio, also passed some strictures
upon other parts of the message. Mr.
Crary, of Michigan, opposed the views
taken sometime ago by Mr. Bell, on the
general tone of the message, and support
ed the general policy of the Administra
lion. Before Mr. C. concluded, the Cont
mit tee rose, and he will probably resume
his speech to-morrow.
From the Correspomience of the Southern Patriot.
Jain 25. 1939.
SENATE.-A numbher of Memorials
were presented front Peace Societies, ask
ig C'ongress to take measures for rthe es
atblishmtent of a Congress of Nations for
ftc adtjudication oft nationial disputes.
Mr. Clay, of Kentucky, advocated the
prayer of the Memorials, at some length,
afher which they were referred to the Com-.
mittee on Foreign Affairs.
The House Bill for re-organizing the
District Courts of Alabama, was taken up
and ordered to be engrossed.
Mr. Young submitted a resolution, call
ing upon the Secretar% of the Treasury
or information as to the expense of con
rinuing the Cumiberland Road to Jeff'erson
City, Missouri, and also on the propriety
f~ ceditng said road to the several Stares
brough which it passes.
Act the expiration of the morning hour,
he Senate on motion of Mr. Lion, took up 4
br consideration the report of the Secre.
~ary of the TIreasury, made 0:, a formewr
lav, in answer to a resoltition offered by
6l. Rives, calling for information as to
he sale of~ U..S. Bank Bonds owned by
Mr. WVriight being entitled to the floor,
roceeded in a very severe mnauner to re
ly to the charges made by Mr. Rivas a- I
ainst the Adiministration. Hie took a
encral view tof the financial history of
he Government for the last eiaht years,
kshewed to the satisfaction of any candid
nind. that in all the transactions hteiween I
he Government and the U. States Bank <
n honorasble policy had been observed.
Ee entered into a detailed statement re
pecting the Bonds of the Old Bank and I
he manner Government had become pos
essed of themt. He thten alluded to thea
ransactions between the Secretary of the I
'reasury ad the presenrt Bank, and
proved biy indisputable evidence that the
ormer under existing circumstances,cneld I
ot have acted otherwise than he did. He '4
hen made some well pointed remarks on I
ho peculiar position of Mr. R. and the
vey 'honorable standing of an " arred I
Mr. Rives replied at some length, and
judging front the bitterness of his invec.
tve, it was evident that he considered him
elt as having been severelyhanilled. He :
ut and slashed in every direction, but with
ao-btter succ~ess than on a former display.''
lie finds itvery difficult tocontrovertfacts, I
sd hence lie seeks to maihtain his potsi
ion by - furiois declamatio~n. He w as
old from tbre beginning that he would find I
he "half way house" but sorry quarters.
Mr. Wright 'rejoined, and corrected
ome maisrepresentations made by the
A boy saw a countryman open his pock
~tbook. The boy' stooped clown and ap- *
arently pickeduop a bill, demandling a re- .
yard, which being paid. the recipient made t
i,; 'when the man found it was a counter- E
'aei lae bnd reerivd-M Y. Rear. L
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
JA. to, 1889.
Mr. Pickens rose and said, that.aswhen
up before, he sustained this appropriatin
in the original bill of $J00,000 for a dry
dock at New York, he now felt, from the
range of discussion, disposed to nake a
few mnore remarks in addition to what he
had already said. He would first notice
what had fallen from the gentleman from
Penusy Ivania, [,Mr Petrikin.] That gen
tietman had given us a very good lecture
on economy and Democratic principles,
and had thought proper to extend a portion
of it to him LMr. Pickens.] He was sur
prised to find gentlemen from the South,
that had heretofore been good economists,
ranged in support of this appropriation!!
All this was good doctrineand Mr. Pickens
only regretted that the gentleman's prac
tice had no. entirely corresponded. with his
precept. He, [Mr.- Pickens.] had taken
that geutlenan last session as his file lead
er on economy. The gentlemen had even
set his cue to the tudie of 'economy, that we
imight follow in his wake; but, sir, when
we come to voting appropriations for the
Cumberand road, what was my astonish
ment when I found my file leader, wheel
ing to the righr about, and voting aye!
And is this the gentleman to rise here now,
and read me a lecture on economy, be
cause I choose to support an appropriation
of $100.000 ,- for a branch of your naval
service, while he supported an appropria
tion of near a million for the Cumberland
I will not condescend to institute a com
parison between the two objects. Sir,.!
glory in supporting liberal appropriations
for'every thing connected with yotw navy.
It is the only safe and efficient nrm of na
tional defence in a free republic; and some
of the -very gentlemen who will now vote
against this appropriatio%. you will find,
at the close of the session, voting what
they have hereby saved, ani millions
more, to dig out harbors upon your inland
seas, where God and nature never intend
ed that any shoubl oe. Manygentlemen who
will now vote dow u such appropriations
as the present, will combine hereafter itn a
schene of legislation under appropriations
for your Cumberland road, your light
house and harbor bills, and your other
thousand mi-erable local appropriations,
by which private speculators have been
enabled to swindle the country out of alil
liotns of dollars. and yet all this is sound
The true and only questions. before the
committee are, is a dry dock ueeded at
New York, and is this appropriation fit
and proper? Upon these points there is a
ioneurrence of sentiments in those *ho
baire considered the matter. Where can
iuch an establishment, with more propri
sty be located than New York, the centre
cf commerce and navigatioti, and not
withstanding all her sins, in a commercial
point of view, the pride of the Republic?
We now lose, for want of a dry dock at
tbat point, in two years. by the decay and
injury of our vessels of war, more than
would be re(iired to construct the dock.
Fron the extreme Northern point on the
:oast or Maine to Cape Cod, from Cape
Cod to Cape Hatteras, and from Cape
Hatteras to Cape Florida, and from thence
o the Sabine, by examination of the map
you will find between each of these promt
men point., great bayn or identures-in the
-oust of the United States; and there
)ught to be in the centre of each. navy
yards on the m)4t liberal and substantial
)asts--one at Boston, one at New York.
me at Charleston, and one at Pensacola.
4V ith mnore than two thousand miles of sea
oast, aend a comparattiv'ely sparse popu
ation, it is vatn and idle to think of ainy
ither elficieut system of fortification or na
'ional defenice exept by a navy. In the
text great confliet, youm landl fortifications,
rhich have been copicd frtom the F'renceh
ystem, will be as impotent and .useless
except at isolated points) as are the cas
Jes in ruins that now frown over Enrope,
ransmitting to us nothing but the recollec
ion of the barbarian nobility who once iii
t abited them. No, sir; if war does come,
which may God in his mercy avert!) it
vill be upon watgr, the fate of empire will
we decided. Your armies upon land will
ec of little or no s-ervice. Under the creat
hauges in modern times, the true system
f defence and powr,is to take advantage
fall the inventions and improvements
particularly in steam) of the day, and give
uch eticency to your navy as willrnable
is to meet any contingentcy that may arise.
confess tha. I ant proutd of being the stup
imrter oif that glorious and nobmle armn of
>nr national defence. It has hortne our
tars and our stripe's in hoinor to the most
listant seas of the habitable globe: and the
otaries of freedom int every land have
seen cheered l-y the broad folds of our na
ional banner, as it has swept along the
emnotest coast of thts earth.
But, sir, ii has been said-that appropria
ions on this subject have heretofore been
Qetional; th'at, while we have not re
etved our share,others have received more
han their share. Sir, to a certain extent
his has been true;, but I contehd that ex
cenditures on this branch, more than every
hing conected with Governmenit, have
hed.a common benefit and a common
leasing upon our united country. What
an protect the immense productions of the
south, floatinig over every sea to foreign
ands,- as they do, buit a vigilant andi eff.
ient navy? If thbe ships are made at the
qorth,and manned by Nort hern men, (but
ye have our full proportion of officers,) yet
I they protect and defend our rtch pro
Ilutions from the plunder and oppression
f foreign powers, we have a deep stake
a supporting them. It is the only branch
cf public defence and putiem expenditure
a which we have a peculiar and deep in
erest. Andi allow me to say, that this is
to time for a representative froian At
antic or Gulf State to hesitatein voting
ppropriations that mnay be proper to put
ur navy in spanking order. Lnok at the
uovements of the French in the Gulf and
n the coast of Mexico. Without pretend
gto censure them, or'at present to ques
on their rights, yet I wvill say that their,
osition uiponi a defenceless coast, and a
riongst rich and defenceles, islands, is
empting to their power, and iftthey with.
itad it they have less amnbition. than. the
rorld attributes to them. Sir, what I
3can to inasinuar is, that in the progress of
vents such a point may be occuipieni, an'd
un a positian amanmaed. that tha inde
peadence of our commirc from the Mis
sisippi.valley, and througft-he Itulfmay
be rendered aiobtfrul i thl fste.i 'And
if such should bie the case, Edo no. hesitate
to imy It might raise the queltion oTpeacel
The independence of ten of the richest
States of. this, Union rests , a..the . free
don of the Gulf commerce, being placed
beyond the possible reach of .any'loreign
pow'er. is this the time for-u's to stiut ap
propriations for any thing connected with
your navy? Sir, I alhor t hat cruel econo
my, which,to save a few thousaud dollars
now would sacrifice the blood of freemen
leaw in fayor.toOthe appropriation for
Pensacola, too. because I believe eficient
protection and support to our navy on that
extensive -coast, its remote- position, and
the sparse population. bordering,,on the
Gulf of Mexico, all demanud from this Ghov
eminent its guardian care and military
protection. I believe, also, that all the
States in the valley of the Mississippi and
the Ohio, are deeply iuserested in sustain
ing the.power and efficiencyof our navy in
the Gulf, particularly at this ju'ncture of
af'airs in that quarter. I go for appropria
tions of this kind; not because they may be
of local benefit to this section or to that
section, but because of their common ben
efit to mrycommOn country. True our
finances'may be low, anti lot us go for anr
eilightened retrenchment and economy.
Yes, sir, strike at your light houses and
harbor bills-your Cumberland road hill
-your new fortification bills-and all such
like loose and unnecessary appropriations.
gut in God's name do not strike at the
navy, the pride and the ornament of the
country; and particularly at this period of
the world, when every other maritime
power seems to be concentrating their na
tional energies upon that arni of defence.
Mark the progress of these things, and I
predict, when you refuse such appropria
lions as this, that in the last three days of
this very session, the 16th joint rule of this
louse will be suspended, in order to let in
bills embracing all kinds of a ppropriations
which singly and alone, upon their own
independent merita, could never receive
the sanction of the tnajority of this House,
upon fnll or fair discussion.
I will here say that I cannot agree to
the propostion, or as it has been called a
bargaiti, proposed by the gentleman from
New York, (Mr. Hoffinan,) -in relation to
the Philadelphia dock. It is due to can
dor to say that I am opposed to that a
mendment. I do not think it at all need- I
ed. if the one at New York is established.
The sentiments I have now avowed are
the same I 'have uttered here before, four
years since. I am opponed, generally, to
appropriations upon land, or for land ser
vice, but in favor of strengthening our na
tional defence upon water.
Mr. Petrikin rose amidst cries of ques
tion,. question. The gentleman from S.
Carolina said he had voted for the Cum
herland road. It was true that he had,
and he believed, at the time, it was right,
and that he was voting for the general
good. He had done it partly on grounds
of expediency. because the Government
was under a pledge: but he found he had
been deceived. He had been in the wrong;
he had founl this out in a very few days
after his vote was given, but if God and
his constituents would forgive him for this
once, he never would vote another dollar
in the sdme way as long as he lived.
Resolutions ofered by Mr. Picxa4s, of S.
Carolina, in the Select Committee on
Public Lands, H. R. U. S., January
Resolced, That i is expedient and pro
per that all the public lands belonging to
thme United States should be ceded to the
several dtates within whose territory said
lands lie, suhject to the following conadi.
1. 'rhat the said States shall severally
pay into the Treasury of the United States
50 per ',entum on the amount of sales of
such lands within their territory..
2. That the price and terms ofrsales
to be tixed by the Governent of the U.
Sta tes, and if made up~on any other terms,
he cession to be null and void.
3. TIhar patents r titles to. purchasers of
and, be signed by the President, or some
ederal officer, designtated by law. and in
no instance to be delivered or signed until
the said 50 per centutm, ascertained to be
ue by the State, sliaill have been actu'lly
aid into the Treasury. or secured beyond
ll contingency; and in case it shall not
ave beetn so paid or secured, wvithin a rea
onable time, all said cession to the delin
uent State, shall be null and void.
4. The States, severally, withina whose
erritory the said lands mnay lie, shall de
ray all expenses anywise appertainmng to
he sales or surveys of said lands-create
and establish their own land offices, and
apoint all tthe ollicers they may think
roper for the purposes aforesaid.
Mr. Elmore submnitted the following res
aluions, in Hi. of Reps. on the 14th oul.
which, under the. rules, lie over one day:
Reiolved,. That the several States com
osing the United States of America, are
ot associated on the principle of. unlim
ted submission to the Federal Govern
ent, or to the House of Congre-ss, or
ither of them;t but that,- by the Constitu
ion, the peo)ple of said States constituted
mne General.Government for special pturpo
ea, and delegated to that Governmnent cer
ain deginite powers,-only reserving, each
State to itself, the residuary mass of right
o their own self-government: that,. while
he Constitution and laws of the- United
States do attach to the whole people of the
everal States, immediately, in those mait
ers, within the-jurisdiction andI confines of
aid Constitution, and-in the mode limited
ud defined thereby, yet, in all other mat
ers, the said States retain each all its
ights and powers, under its -own sever
sgn and separate control; that to this Con
titution each State. acceded as a separate
overeign State, and is an integral party.
and in jts capacity of a sovereign St ate, is
epresented in'ongress by its - Senators,
dly appointed; that, among the residuary
ights, so by each State reserved, is that of
reely and fully expressing its opinions on
1ll subjects delegated to the General Gov
rnment, or touching the~infraction of the
onstitutional compact, and of communi
ating the said opinions to Congress, and
hatqit is the Constitutional duty of tbe Sen
a nde of the House' of Renrenentatives,
etpectfuly to receive, enteitan, sadon .
idrs and bidarely dad e'. Iratety od&
cae otlecesn'dpuuniiazsous addret
iedio it, by eit441t:iie e i f tk
baWopiuld the sulmary retion ot z .
same' witouUt beilgdei5, printed, or
referred,or any actonW ha-ver had risere
CUn, wJUkid qiusigittnI bnor, and nj
-rious to the rights and ,uteres of the said
sovereigu di.aies of' tne UnI0.
2.Reisolved. That ie Fl'aeral Govern
ment Ws a dovu(Lieinet ofiuf'Aateud spe
cine powers,vderiVed fro uth people of
the-'Sates, thereby conuierated and u
nited,aud to said Governuueat b) them gran
ted under the Coustitutou;that all powers
not delegated to the said United States,
by the UoustitUUoni, nor prunibited oy it
to the States, are reserved to the States
.respectively-o the people;)bat, thereflrer
no.righit.ot any denuaipa can 00 Can
celled, abridged, restrainetj or moditied oy
vie Congress, by ithe Seni or Hiouse ot
Representatives, acing inany cdpacity,
by the Prsident, or any bepartment or
otlicer of the United Statiecept in th.
itstances wierein power i given b the
Constitution for thosd purpoe; that amuog
other uziprescriptible aud eaenitial rghis,
the freedotn of coUscience, uf speech, of
the press, and the right if -th people
peacably to assemble and to pettita
the Governanent for & -rress 01 giie
vances, are of the original and ilnate Isn
munity of tie said peolle Of. the United
States; rights of tweirs not drived from,or to
he weakened by the comm n or any other
)ositive law of this or auy stber country,
but therent in the said pelple as a peo
pie. or under the consti.utiosofthe sever-.
al States. by and to the said people guar
autied and consecrated fTrelert aud which,
by reason thereof, cannot be cancelled.
abridged. re:traited, or intltfed, consti
tutioudily, by any of the hinted States
whatever, nor in any lorm ofilaw, waietb
er the same be the act of the;wo House.
of Congress; or of either of thun separate
ly. But the same wore thus iarantied in
order to protect the citizen agdiISt the a
buse of power, aud not as de means .of
assailing the right of others; tid that to
perinit one or Wiore 6tates, ortIeir citizesr
to convert thenm into an initrutietit, not of
protection. but of assault again4 the reser
ved rights ortistitutons and pace of the
other Slates or their ci izeits,Or ,f the 'er
ritoris and of this District aud their citit
ens, would be a manifest violion of the
constitutional compact, a grossbreach of
the public faith. tending to C4nvert the
brothfrly love in- which the Onsitiion
originated into haired, and ifnolelfectuat
ly arrested, must subvert the U lOn-itself;
and that this body owes a miost.lemn ob
ligation to itself and the people ohe States
which it represents not to perit itself to
be made an instrument or partybanempts
so flagitious and dangerous. !
3. Resolved, That the peopleir the U.
States did ordain and establish ihe Con
slitution thereof, in order "t form a
more, perfect union, establish justije, insure
domestic tranquility; and to a ure. the
blessings of liberty to thett and tlir pos
.terity; that it) this end, the powersbf legis
lation were vested- in representaive and
deliberative assemblies, to wit: alSienate
appointed by the States, and a louse of
Representatives chosen by the pTple of
the States, that, in the exercise if their
rights, by the said House of Repaseuta
tives, and the members thereofthere
should be perfect equality and full'cupe, I
as-far as is consiatent with the p p .
ducting the business of the House, on all
6 bjects within its constitttiontal jirisdic.
dion; but to permit the members Vf this
House, under the.pretext of freedoa'of de
hate, to convert it ilO s hall to cascuss I
questions beyondl its junisdiction. andio de
nounce andI attack the domnestic istitu
ions oif a portint of these States, esential
to thetr penace, secturity, and tranquib-y .
anid the pruoperty of their citizens, eitn
beoire, aud expressly guarantied hi the
Constitution itself, would be desiructie of
all harmony among the membhers ol the
body, incomptible with the disebaip of
its acknowledged duties and destructite of
the great and avowed objects for diich
the Constitution, this Union created,and
this House instituted.
4. Resolvred, therefore, T hat the reblu
tion of the House of Representatives a
dopted on the 12th day of December kst,
which provides that every petition, mneo
rial, and resolution. proposition, or ps~r,
of a prescribed class, "shall, on the ge
sentation thercof, without any further c
ion thereon, be laid on the tale, wIt ltat
being debated. printed, or referred," rut
on great tand fundatnental principlesIb
the Constitution, and on- putblic faith a~
honor, the observance of which is es~e
tial to the peace, tranquillity, and the
curity of the States which cnompose the.
fedracy, an.d the safety and continuao
of the Untioni; and thait this House, in ado
ing the sane resolutioni, has but fulfil,
constitutional obligations &,iuties witho
any wvise infractingt the legitimate limits4
the right of petition, the freedomnofdebfle e
or the constitutional -equal rights -of. thib
members of thbis body.
Prom the Grees~aius Mduntaise, 25tk nkl.
BATTLE OF THE GOW-PENS2
The 58th anniversary of the Battle of
theCow- Pens was celebrated, on the ground
on the I7th'inst., with great spirit and ani
mation. The citizens of the..immediate
vicinity attended generally, and a number
of respectable. persous from adjoining dis
tricts, both of Suuth..and North Carolina,
were also present, and -sealously disposed
to do honors to theday. Of.,tbcp original
actors in the scene, mt 1781, hut-tico could
be nrabered in thetcomnpany! -Maj Sam
uel Mc. Junkin, of Union, and Capt. Johan
Collins, of-Spartanburgh Districts, both; of
whom were engaged in th'e battle; and it
would seem, that the genius of the place
had purposely reserved- these two venera
ble patriots-the last of their brave* band,
to receive the homage of a grateftil couti
try. so richly due to them, andto the memt
ory of their departed companions in arms!
Several Military Companies attended,
"armed and-equipped,'- anti were thrownt
into a handsome Battalion under the corn
mnd of Col. A. C. Bomar, as Marshal of
the day; and which, after performing sev
eral spirited evolutions, mopved, in conntex
ion withI the citizens'. procession,, to the
stand erected for the Orator. -The Ree B.
Hicks addressed the Throne of Grace in a.
very appropriate, animated and patrliotic
.raer afte. which M'nt' W& 'rj..-.
Inort the gmeeting t tjj~
Witzr4 the preliiena meeting, to inA
it the11ion. Jun Bel O'Ae alII to ,a
toii4onahis occasiOn as. e Orator of.ti;
dagnad been duly co Plied withd
inatJoirge-U'Neall had ly respinde:
to 1t6; c:1, yIatjug his di ere et at be
ig, cupelled ti einvitation
ifie alter l:u litv 116YS 'II ~I-In'
cinl euga,:eneuts. of d argingh Y dut
thus,asigned to ham- The-auaiite
alo-fuloriiied 'te asve y,- ihat
had been mude., althoug at a very.:Ia
hour. on our fehow-cl- n, Maj. Jame
-dward Henry, to disht the -doty _
ginally assigue4. to Jud O'Neall; ar
that SlajAen.y- Pad o ly accep
the perlormance of th d, ,;and was re
dy tu wait on the compagy.
and alter expressinOf his deetpregret, hi
he ia8iposed exist in c~mme wiai
fellow-citizens then assembfedi, and .h
self, at 'be absence of tfh disunguished
dividoal whose services had been so a
iously anticipated for this oce ad
the very limited opporitinity I* ;
of preparation t6 do justic oth calit 1
'imsell he entered on sj
of his address. Wl3re* a glawing.Pe
ture of the posititin and relative ituati
of the contending parties in thisadou -
running rapidly.tbough emphatically, ..a
ver tdie incideuts and :events.conneed
wiih this glorious achievement,- helg'
just and ample honors to the memories -
(ienerals Morgan .ind Pielens, Co.I
ard and W asbington, iel'other ()
who struggled with irresistible 6#very
ecertion on the occasion.'and partje
i'0d up to the view of. be assembjth
deeds of courage and-maguanimity prace
tiped. by Cois. Roebk, Brabnoaraut
Thomas, not only in this engagei neb g,
in -mjany others-aud Ihose devof
the cause, and elficientbervices iI'obria
ing our Independence seemed to a
been unknown to, or overidoked,b4
Historians of the Rev r ution. After
sing the field of richad thrilling n
connected with the Revolutio a
and surveying our present happy, id*1
pendeut and dignitied .Positto amdq,
Nations of teearth. and ui'' g the yO
there assetuiled, by acquisitton of
knowledge and patro ^ to sustain ai
increase the blessings. ulti from ou
hardhearned. and. blo -11iib
Major.Henry conclude , amidst ,e
plaudits of the assembl , asd deafenin
discharge of musque , a
The utmost good 1 ing pera& th'
whole company. thro' h thei~tliffs at
late hour -of the eDning, the compan%
dispersed in perf et hrmony & good i Mrr
From twhe iLon Merury.
Ma. JENgs' PAIST Fraz Ana.
We wituesse on Nednesday evenin
a trial of thi miigenids instrument. Th
specimen trie ht sporting ri6
carrying about 80 balls to the.- pound., it
had bee. fired on varions trials more than
120) times, and 'bowed not the slightmsa
appearance of wiar from use; it- was lrd
in Wednesday abut 35 times, and only
unce sliglidy cletined. The target was.
iftyyards. and but one shot missed it,
hough there wasist leait one of the p
who might have been ezedsed-for'- ows"n
i barn at -that disiance,' for 7in truth 't
)usiness of writing politics isapS'tD
me awful quint.. AIWie gentlem
rese xpresse . e"relight, with Mr
>ccur to us now,arathese.-, It can be 6
bur times in a minteto thirty shots with
mut the necessity ofrcleanhig it. There is
0r the slightest perceptible recoil on ex.
:losion. There j..no use of patches or
sadiding (w hich will save a multitude of
>ooks from being-waste~d in killing birds,
'hen they might be better employed' in
rrapaing sugar or lighting cigars.) It.
-n be charged with perfect ease and cer
ntinty while walkinag, even running or.. ri
ling at a gallop on horse back ; a"running
irc" with Jenk's rifle would therefore *be
teither a joke nor a metaphor. The. maa
ier in which thbe powder is pressed into then
tipple, makes it more certain of goiog of1
han the common percussion rifle. -In
iarm, it has the slightest pssibledifferenes
rom the common rigle. We have said e
ough to attract curiosity, we hopeto this -
ery ingcnious and valuable improvement
Ve do not attempt a mechanical'discrip-'
ion of it, because unillustraid, it. woulD
ot be intelligible. Sportsmen should-,pu
nd. all. examine it-they cannot failf to
ppreciate on theiinstant its lportant -ad.
ant aees over isny other that has-been 'of
ered to thern. We.-leave ii tomili
rien to decide sjan lits ado~ion iii wisr
are, but the simplici.tysof its~tructure, itsi
ertainty of fire, the ,ease with which it~
say be loaded even ins.rapid.netign, and1
a entire safetyt waald seeni opoimuitnut1,
s a most effective instrumeat for their
Sr. Louis.-Theannuhl -aue'oaf*'
orts from. t. Lotis,'is esuima tai -
sillions of dollars. The shipmnen(o l *l. -
lo , are stated, tot'equal to te5ild
ot and thb fnss."400,000, dolhr Ine
sal Tfid; 7 at value of lrseosliii
lessen (Fafissouri into t cetta't
giing Sttss.'dering the ps r, ise.
ated at 150.008idollars..'
4dica Sc&Setle i ,
t: pears by this Quarierl , Ri -
t . are twenty-maneofhe n, ttUenS.
in4United States 'Two .of gs-~ie
i inPennsylvanian, fourii h Lw
Yntoin Massachwaatts.uiefin New':
Heihiro, thre tin Maryland, otTis
Cd tcientithree in: Ohio, aei
mg tw nKentucky, one in Mue~3,
il.de 1.landt, t'wo il South e
oneithe District of Coluijbia,- sy now
a we Virgniagonotin~ Georgia, and one
in Lgianna, at I'Jo Orleans.
In4e Legtslature of the State $f Ala
batn~proposititonto change the rude of
eletig Representatives to Coag1 ifrota
the rie system, to. thht of a anrs
Tick as beeni reieced -
It.Stanard, a distininished(Whig)
L ei-of Virgia;.ias~be.e ted
by th4egS'laturfl ofthat Stat,: a de
of theJourtof A psais. - id
Th 1lislatueof illinois hasa 0..
soluti j~cagmismg-the tight of insett
S nten -ns a Re ..