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We will cling to the pillars of the temple of our liberties,
and if it must fall we will perish amidst the ruins."
VOLUMNE IV- TAIgP~f3Ae- UOUrt ROUSP, S. C. TebruyU9J 14, IS009O.2
The Edgenleld Advertier,
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State of South Carolina.
Sy His Excelency PATRICK EUBLL Esq.
Governor and Comnander-in-chief, in and over
4e -ate of -South Carolina.
H EREAS iti pursuance ofan Act of the
Legislature of this, State the votes for
Members of the twenty-sixth Congrets have
beencounted in the presence of the Governor,
by-CoMuissioners appointed for that purpose,
and it ap pears that WAVDY.TomPsoy. Jt. has
been duly elected for the Congressional Dis
trict composed of Pendleton and Greenville;
FaiScis W. Picxsws for the District .com
posed of Abbeville and Edgefield; Jon-. K.
URIFFIN, for the District composed of Lau
iens, Newberry, and Fairfield, Fitaxr.:s H.
Eluona, for the District composed or itich.
land, Orangeburgh. Barnwell, and Lexing
son JAuzs Rooas, for the District composed
of Spartanburgh, Union, York, and Chester;
Jou CAxPBELi for the District composed of
Georgetown, Marion, Horry, Darlingion, and
Marlborough, Jons P.RCHARDSOs, for the Di.
trieteomposed of Kershaw,Sumter, Lancaster,
and Chesterfield; RtosZR BANwLL RIIETT,
for the District composed of Beaufort and Col
leton; and ISAAc E. HoLxEs, for the District
Now, therefore, I do issue this my Proclama
'tion, notifying and declaring, according to the
provisions of the said Act, that W ADDY THoan
-o,Jr F. H. ELMORE, JAxEs RoGERs, F. W
Picimss, Join K. GRms, JoHs CAMPBELL,
. L B. Rezrr, JOHn P. RicRAansos, and 1.
E. HOLXE, had a majority of votes in their re
tpective Congressional Election Districts, and
ae duly eleted t - aoegr.na - in- 4, Con
gress of the United btates, front his State
Given under my hand, and the seal of
the State, at Columbia, the 15th day
of December, in the year of our
L.S. I Lord, one thousand eight hundred
and thirty eight, and in the sixty.
third year of the Independence of
the United States of America.
PATRICK NOBLE, Governor.
By the Governor,
B. H. SASOn. Secretary of Stateo
Jan 1839 - c 48
A LL Persons indebted to the rate Cb- -
tian Breithaupt, dec'd., are reqtc.st
od to make immediate payment. And all
persons having demands against the estate
of said deceased are requested to present
them duly attested.
JOHN BAUSKETT, Ea'or
Feb. 25. 30-t
LL persons indebted to the estate of Bar
A tholomew Kimbrell, deceased. are reques
ted to make immediate payment: and all per
sons having demands against the said estate are
requested to present them duly attested.
LEWIS F.LLZEY. Adrn'r.
Nov,5 1838 ft 40
A L L persons indebted to the Estate of
Francis M. Young, are requested to
mnake immediate payment; and all persons,
having demands against the Estate are re..
quested to presenm them dulv attested.
EDMUND PE~NN, Adm'r.
.Oct 19th 13t f 3 8
* OT IC .
A LL persons indebted to the ettate of Rich
.t.ard Berry, deceased, are r'equested to
make immediate payment: and all persons
having demands agaimst the said estate, are re
quested to pres'ent them duly attested
- .SHIRLEY COOK, Adm'r.
:Jan 4, 1839 - - *d49
-- ROM the subscriber,
near H amhuri. ahout
the last of April, Twoo Steers. 5
or 6 years old, long slim horns,
One of the Steers is red and wvhite, the other
brinidled. Ear- mark not recollected. 'The
*steers were in fine otder, as they had been stall
fed. I presume they will endeav'or to return to
Cambridge, where they were raised.'
-- JOHN EVANS.
Nov 23, 1838 43 tf
TOHN COTHIRAN, living on the staffe
*road, leading from Edgefiell1 to Abbevifle
court house, two miles and a half above Hard
labor bridge, Tolls hefore -me a smali Brown
Horse. abr't 14& hands high, seven years old.
a star in his forehead, snip on his nose, both
hind feet .white and long ta-il. No other brands
or :darks perceivable. A ppraised at Filly Dol
lars. JOHN LYON. J. Q.
Jan 2G.1839 c 52
M Y HOUSE and -LOT. in the Village of
Edgefield, upon terms to suit a purchaser.
In nmy absence, apply to Col. Bauskett.
AnriQ fff t0
The Road Wealh,
INSUREla FOR IFTY CENTS.
yust commencesa ne and valuable Monthly
Publication, adapted the purposes of every
Farmer, and designe to propagate all Use
ful and Practical Inf ation concerning the
Silk Growing in the ted States, entitled
THE AM RICAN
SimK 0 OWER,
AND FAR J 'S MANUAL.
Embellished with ap opriate Engravings.
r HE first number o this highly important
and valuable Wo , is now ready fbr deliv
erv to subscribers. i beg leave respect fully
to'call the attention of r citizens to the praise
worthy objects it has in -iew, and for the pro
motion of which, it has en put in operation.
There has not pro bly heretofore been a
time- when the atientia of the people of this
country was as much raged on the subject of
the Silk (ulture as at resent; nor a tiine when
those who have alre y embarked in this busi
ness feh such entire c .fidence, not only that
liberal prolits may se derivei iron it. but
in their ability to pro cc as ,good Silk as Ca.'
be procured in any p -t of the world. It is be
lieved that all that is .w wanting .0 fully es
tablish this great inte st in this country, with
all its vast advantags 's but the dtis.:iiinutoi
of plain practic:a i ination concernitg it;
an to convince our tuzens of what we kiow
to be true, viz: that .re is no more difficulty
about raising a cropt I'ilk, than there is in pro
curing a crop of gra . The capital thus be
stowedyields a farg ter return than can be
obtained from any r branth of husbandry.
The editors have I - been engaged in the
silk culture, and in d'hereafter to give it their
entire attention. T y have made exiensive
arrangements for f ing the silk-worm. and
cuivatitng that inv table specie of mu.berry,
the %forus Multica s. And, from their long
experience in the o upation and extensive cor
respondence with 1k growers, they believe
they -nay say wi ut ostentation, that they
shall be able to ma the AM ERICAN SILK
GROWER usefu and entertaining. and to
communicate thro Is its piges inforimation as
valuable respectit every bratnch of the silk bt
siness, as can be c !where obtained in the Uni
ted States. A po on of the woik will be devo
ted to noting the 1 ern improvenen (Agri
culture. andsuch atU-rs as aregeneq use
ful to the cultivato of the soil.
The Proprieto respectfilly solicit contribu
tions on Ag-ricuih al mnb.;ects gencrally-and
ala" the Silk Gro ing uIssine-s in particular.
Address the Edit . W~ard, Cheney & Broth
ers, Bsurlington, w Jersey.
The work will ' publislhed nonthly-evcry
number coiprisi twenty-f.ur large octavo
pages, with the ad ition of acover for advertise
ment, &e. and at ie end of each volume, a
complete table of ntents will be furnished to
subscribers. Toe is one dollar a year, payable
in advance, ir ngle subscribers.-Twenty
subscriptions will e ntppiled for a whole year
by forwarding a ent ten dollar bill, free of
All orders for t work, postage paid. will be
promptly attende to. if addret~ed 1a the Pub
lisher. 'C. AlIx tder. Athenian Buildings.
Franklin Place. iladelplia.
Citizens, Silk- Owers. Agriculturalists, and
others, who wish procure tbis work for the
present time. will flease Irwarl their names
and the amount -ubscripit, itnmediately.
I LIBE AL PREMIUM.
Any agent fo i ding 100 subscribers for one
year, and a $50 rrent bank bill, will be enti
tled to ten thou silk worn eggs, selected
from the most-al roved varieties-which can
he forwarded by -til to any part of the Unit-d
Sta:es at a infi expense, an.d which, if prop
erlyattended to,. ordistg to the instructions
which are promu ted in the work. will yied a
proft consuiderab- zceedinc the amount of the
price of subscript' or onr hundred copies.
Editors of pape who are d-siroi of encoura
ging the Growth Silk in this country, will
please copy this a ertisernent a fpw tit'es, and
we will furnish ih with an ex:-hange. and al
so occasional sani es of the Silk,which is man
ufactured at the . ora' extensive establishment
at Burlington, N.
T HE Unde ged have associated
..themselves igethler in the practice
of Law and Equi ini Edgelield District.
N. Ld GRIFFIN,
Sept. 4, 1838 tf 31
To t Public.
T HE Subscrib , aware from the exces
Rsive drough C the last season,that many
crops of Cotton di ot sufficiently imaturetu de
penid upon'the S for a succeditng otne.
Has isrefuilly sal ed from the most mattued
part of his Crop, a w hundred bushels of seed,
die second year's tuct frdm seed imported
direct from the Pe Gulf Hills. which can be
had at his planitati , on the Road from Edge
'field to Ausgustta. a ut twvo huttdred yards from
Horn's Creek Me ng House. Early applica
tioun should be ma to secure, the seed.
Jian2, 1839 ~d 48
ICAR the Pri 'nag Office, a Pair Wajfe
Irons, which ievner can have, by ap
pglying at this Offi nd paying for this adver
Jan 1. 1839 ff48
.N theUN D,
INth Village of efield. a Pocket Book.
.contamtintg mind valuable treasures. The
owner is invited-to I at this Office, prove pro
prry, pay for this v'ertisement, and take it
Ja4, 1839 tf 49
F !IN ).
O~N the Cobt:mbi .Road. nenr the Village,
an Umbdrdla. i ic.h Ite owner can hatve
by applyinag at this tice. nd paying for this
* L ST.
ASHORT time s cc Twco Notes of Hand, 1
on F.G. Theme for $75, dated in May or
June and due in Ocber, 183, die other on
Rlhodcs, Ramney & tl. for $100. dated about
5th June, 1838, and d~ 1stiJanuary. 1839. The
public are cauttioned;4gainsct tradmng fhr these
notes. I0MAS NICHOLS.
Jan 10. I839 d 50.
Extracts from the Hon. Chas. Shepard's
Address, to the Freemen of the fourth
Congressional District of N. Carolina.
I am opposed to the establishment of a
National Bank, or the existence 'of any
corporation, whose power and whose bu'
siness pervade the whole Confederacy.
It is not to be denied, that a Federal
Institution is a convenient agent to the
Secretary of the Treasury. The rev
enue, wherever collected, can be depos
ited there, and wherever needed, can be
disbursed through its various branches;
and if regard be had only to the ease of
publi" officers,or the despa'ch with which
credit canl lie transported, a National Bank
is :he most appropriate instrument. But
it is not indispensably necessary. The
commercial relations ot the Union, enable
the Bank to perform the duty above men
tioned. and the saie reasoni will put it in
the power of the Government to expend
is mn.ey t hrough its own officers. Most
ol the reyenue is collected in New York,
and sone of it is wanted in Missouri. The
merchants of the latter State purchase their
goods in the former, and are always glad
to have funds where their debts are paya
ble; and if the money of the Government
be in safe hands at New York, a draft on
this deposite will be equivalent to the
specie in St. Louis, and eagerly desired.
This simple illustration throws light on the
whole stbject; in early times, when there
were neither banks nor brokers, it might
have been necessary to put up &Nationual
Institution, but a check or drt of the
Secretary of the Treasury, wherever it
may now go, will purchase the best cur
rency, and bo sufficient to pay the debts
of the Government.
A paper circulation, common to the
who le iuntry, has been much landed. and
is certainly useful to the travelling com
nanity. It is said that if a person starter
at New Orleans and went to Boston, half
of his expenses might be charged to hro
kerage; but the taking of a small quantity
ofspecie would remedy this evil, cret if
we were disposed to compare the tentpo
rary conveuienice of a few travellers, to the
permanent interests of the thousands who
never leave their own State. The local
Banks, if properly managed, canl alwavr
furnish exchange at a mod erate premium.
The relative business of the diflerent see
tions of the country. is the basis of this
operation; if Newhern buys more than it
sells. exchange will be against Newbern,
and if it sells more than it huys. exchange
will be in its favor. and this is the univer
sal lw under every system of finance -
l)uriting the late crisis, exchange at New
Orle-ans on New York was 10 per cent.
above par, while in North Carolina. a
draft could be obtained at 1 per cent.; the
reawmti was, that New Orleans was heavily
indebted to New York, whilst the mer
chants ofour own State bad been doing a
snug and prudent business. The Bank of
England has no branch at Dublin or Edin
burg, yet the merchants of that Kingdom
do not complain of the derangensent of
exchanges; there is no hank to regulate the
commercial intercotrse between N. York
and Liverpool, and there is no justifiable
cause why the business of our own cities
should inot be on a footing equally favora
ble. In the brcaking up of an old system,
and the commencement- of another, there
will be some distress and confusion. but in
a short time the business of the country
will become adapted to the new state of
things, and the predicted evils will not
The chief argument. however, in favor
of a National Bank, i is its supposed ability
to carry on a sound currency. The pre
cedent of 1816, when Mrgl adison gave ttp
his objections and signed the hill for the
establishment of the late Institution, is fre
quently referred to. and at one time it had
great weight in my owt mind. But a
more minute acquaintance with the history
of banking, and a more soearching investi
gation of uts tendencies, have shaken my
faith in the soundness of this opinion..
The General Assembly grants a ch arter
of incorporation, aad if tmoneyed men are
pleased with its provisions, they subscribe
for stock, and the bank begins its opera
tions. The object of the Legislature is to
furnish a paper currency to the people,
that of the capitalist,to make a good invest
ment for himself. Prudent, and keen
sighted, looking to his own interests, he
mmnages he bank to make money for the
stockholders. The greater the issue of
paper, the larger will be the dividends,
and the higher the stock will rise in the
market; thus for a time, even an honest
man wvill be tempted to go lieyond the
bounds of prudence, and throw out more
currency than is wanted. When to this is
adtded the eagerness of borrowers, the re
sult of the whole aflfair is easily percepti
ble. Though young in years, the country
is already in the old age or luxury atnd re
finement. Hlatits of industry and econo
tny are distasteful to many-of our people.
The-y wish to substitute speculation for
patient labor,and they are greedy of riches;
they indulge in expensive pleasures. A
temporary combination takes place be
tween the banker and the borrower, every
thing rises in price; the rich man thinks
himnself a prince the poor one acts as if
he had woetlth, and all go on rejoicing un
til the bubble is swollen to its utmost ex
tent, and the puncture of a pin brings it to
the earth. .' he Bank cannot redeem its
paper, because its debtors cannot pay, for
prices and property are in an artificial stite;
the ktowing capitalist took advantage of
some one's ignorance to sell his stock at
a high advance, and leaves the institution
to tie odium, which his own conduct bro't
Any bank oflarge capital,properly man
aged, would certainly check the State cor
porations, and keep them within reasona
ble lirmits. But there is no kuaranty that
a National Institution would he governed
with more virtue and wisdom than the
State Banks; men of the same character
are stockholders of each. desirous of large
dividends, and the debtors of one are as
littlelikely to be circumspect as those of
the other. The same vice iufects the
wiholsystem, and where there is an appa
rent difference between the federal and lo
eal banks, it is caused by peculiar circum
stances. Ifin 1816, the Legislatures had
compelled the State corporations to per
form their contracts or the General Gov
ernment had demanded specie in the pay
mew of its dues, there would have ceo
no necessity for a National Bank; if the
makers and guardians of the law would
extetd to banks the same penalties, which
befal insolvent individuals, we should not
often hear of the suspension of specie pay
ments. That this is the true remedy, late
events incontestably prove. The banks
of New York would have forfeited their
charters, if resumption had not taken
place on or before the 1st May. and this
did happen not only without a National
Bank, but in spite of the Mammoth In
stitution at Philadelpbia. I have no
affinity with those who wish to persecute
moneyed institutions, for there are times
when the wisest cannot foresee the revul
sions in trade and commierce, and should
not be blamed: I only lay down a general
princtpl., applicable to ordinary cases, by
which the people can be protected, and
the i anks be made to know their duty.
But if a National Batik can confer these
boasted blessings on the people, it must lie
invested with vast power and extensive
privileges. The President of the late In
stitution, when asked by a committee of
the Senate "las the Bank at any time op
pressed any of the Stat- Bank-;" answer
ed "No, iever-but there are very few
hanks that imight not have been destroved
by an exertion of the power of the Bank."
it thus seems that t welve individtals would
cintrol the woneyed interests of this great
iduntry. If they were favorable to a State
Wilk it might issue bills to any amoun
and make large dividends for its stockhol
tiers; if they were lostile, it might shut its
doors, and close its business, without re
ga-.ito the power which brought it into
exmience, Whatever might be the in
idrests of the people among whom it was
located, or the oliject of the Legislature
which granted the charter, the local bank
must look to the views antd feelings of the
distant master, on whose smiles and frm ns
its fate would hang. This powerful i flu
ence would not be confined to the capital
ists and their imimnediate dependants ; the
industrious classes, the merchant, main
Saaturer, agriculturist, and al who were in
need of loans and credit for successful op.
erations, would have a direct interest in
propitiating the great Molorh of monev.
W hen we think of the rage for riches which
characterises the present generation, and
the inordinate desire for time luxuries of
life, it is not unreasonable to suppose that
the power, which is believed to dispense
these favors, would be almost irresistalble.
When Mr. Van Buren was inaugurnied
he declared himself the uncompromising
oppon. nt of Abolition. At the com
meucement of the 3d jessionof the 25th
.ongress, it was thought prudent to stifle
the petitions anti memoriuls on this sub
ject, and Mr. Patton, of Virginia, intro
duced a resolution, ordering them to be
laid on the taLle without further action
thereon :seventy-four members of the
House of Representatives voted against
this resolution of whbom nine or teni were
suipporters of the Admlministramtionm, andi thme
rest werme its opponenits, not a single 'WVhig'
froum the North vomimng ini the affirmative.
0On tihe 12th of Decemiber, 1838, Mr. Ath
erton, of.New Hampshire, presented to
our body certain resolutionis on the sub
ject of thme powers of time Genmeral Govern
ment, and for tihe purpose of disposing of
the "Abolition papers," with wvhich the
House was to be flooded: they afirm the
control of the States over their domestic
institutions, and rebuke ini a proper spirit
tme agitators, who wish to use this Govern
miet as a lever to effect their designs on
the Southern country. Seventy-eight
mnembiers voted against the last clause of
the last resolution, ordering the petitionis
amid metmorials of the fanatics to be laid onm
the table, "without b'eing printed, read, or
referred ;" of these nine or ten were "Dem
ocrats," and 'the rest were "Whigs," not
a single opponent of Mr. Van B uren, from
time North, voting in the affirmative.
The Abolitionists and their friends were
deeply offended at the passage of these
resolutions: those who voted for them
were stigmnatised in the vilest language,
and denounced as the puppets of slave
holders, whilst they. who voted against
them., were heralded, through the North as
the friends of liberty amid free discussion.
I am far from saying that all the North
ern Whiigs are favorable to thme schemnes
of this misguided .people ; but Mr. Van.
Buren having early taken ground against
them, and 'his friends in Congress having
voted with the Sonihern delegation, there
by incurring the hatred of the fanatics,
whilst the Whigs have received their
thanks and praises, it.is not unreasonable
to conclude that- one party is much soundl
er than the other. *J however, only state
the, facts; it becomes you to make the cow
ment in justice and charity.
But we must not put too much faith in
parties and politicians. I have seen enough
to make ine distrust those who are strug
Aling for p9wer and office. We must ad
here to our principles; we must keep aloof
from those contests, whose result is to ele
vate men and divide the spoils of victory.
If the slave-holding States be true to them
selves, they can give law to the Govern
ment; but if our public men be divided in
to factions, and permit the great doctrines
of the Constitution to be sunk into a mere
scramble for the 'loaves and fishes." our
influence will be lost, and our property
will be sacrificed.
The preceding remarks unfold my po
litical principlcs. and indicate the courae,
ihat I shall pursue on the bill for the es
tablishinent of the "Inidependent Treasu
ry." it it contains those safeguards, which
I deem essential to permnaneut success.
Under its provisions, Executive patronage
will be less than if the Government were
leagued with the banks: its tendency is to
diminish the public expenditures-to piu
rily the currency, and to render unneces
sary that paper monopoly,.so alien to the
genius,of our insitutions, and so fatal to
the interets of the Southern States.
The length of this communication, pre
vents me from entering nore fully into the
merits of the great doctrine of the separa
tion of Bank and State; its novelty and the
clamor that was raised for political effect,
induced many excellent men to question
its expediency, lbut contrary to precon
ceived notions. I feel compelled to give it
my support, and shall take another oppor
tunity of stating the reasons.
Your obedient servant,
WAsmyo'roy, Dec. 20h, 1S38.
Ohio Legislature.-Mr. Flood offered
the folluwing preamble and resolutions to
the House of Representatives, Saturday.
"Resolved, by the General Assembly of
the State of Ohio. That in the opiion of
this General assembly, ours is a Govern
ment of limited powers; that all powers
not delegated by the Constitution are re
served to the People; and that by the
Constitution o the United States, Con
gress has no jurisdiction over the institu
tions of slave.-y in the several States of this
"Resolved, That the agitation of the
subject of slavery in the nois-'lave holding
States, is, in the opinion of this General
Assembly, attended with no good; that the
atielioration of slaves is not enhanced;
and that it is a violation of the faith which
ought ever to -exist among states of the
"Resolved, That the sche-!mes of the
Atiolinonists, 1or the pretended happiness
of the slaves, are, in the opinion of this
General Assetmbly, niild, delusive and fa
natical; and have a direct tendency to de
stroy the hiarmony of the Union, to rivet
tihe chain of the slaves, and to destroy the
perpetuity of our free institutions.
"Resolved, Thar all attempts to abolsh
slavery in the States of this Union, or to
prohibit the removal of slaves from State
to State, or to discriminate between the
instititions of one portion of the country
and another, with the views aforesaid,are,
in the opinion of Ihis General Astembly,
in ''violation of the Constitution of the
United States, and destructive of the fun
damental principles on which rests the
union of these States."
"Resolved, That in the opinion of this
General Assembly. it is unwise, impolitic
and inexpedient, to repeal any law in
force, imposing disabilities upon black and
mulatto persons, thus placind them on an
equality with the whites, so far as the
Legislature can do, and indirectly itnvi
ting the black population of other States
to emigrate to this State, to the manifest
injury of the public interest.
"Resolved TPhat the Governor be reques
ted to forward copies of these resolutions
to the President and Vice-President of the
United States to eaich of our Senators in
Congress, and to the. Executive of ever
State in the Conf'ederacv."cr
The Mercants.-During the debate on
the Swartwot Defalcatins, Mr. Hioflinana
saidI, it had of late become the practice in
every way, and on all occasions, to assail
the character of our Merchants, who seem
ed to lhe regarded by some as a caravan
'in the desert, that every wandering
tribe might thitnk it fair to attack and plun
der. But who are the merchants of this
country? They weremen whose honor
and enterprise hatve done as much to ele
vate our national character as the gallant
achievements of our army and navy; and
whose integrity and faith, duritng our late
financial difficulties, had called forth on
the floor of the British Parliament, a trib
ute of praise from the Chancellor of the
Exchequer-men who had left less than
?500 unpaid,outof more than $2,00)0,000,
wiuich had been returned upon them pro
tested from Etngland. Where did their ene
mies find motiveq lor this perpetual at
tack? Was it to be found in present excr
tions, or their past history? Was it to he
fohud in that spirit of enterprise which
had carried our flag to every sea and eve
ry clime, atnd had paid into our very
Treasury the sums which had formed this
alimnent to speculation and defalcation?
Was it to be found in the early h.itory of
our Republic? Are not gentlemen admon
ished of its injustice, by that picture which
adorns your Rotunda, when they see .and
.know, that lie who is there sitting .n his
chair of dignity and peril, receiving. 'he
Declaration of our Independence from a
Jeff'erson and a Franklin, was a Bos'on
mierchant-the proscribed and patriotic
Let me tell the gentleman frani"d,
that Commerce is, and always h been,
the handmaid of Liberty; and it rotec
tion or destruction. has always en the,
unerring indication of a wise an free, or
a weak and arbitrary governm'nt. *let
me remind him. that the weak And vacil
lating reign of the 6th Henry of Englandt
was still more darkened by legislarive en.
actments against the freedom ofcomnerce
-whilst the same page of hist7 , which
shines with the achievements an(alisd'm
of one of her best Kings. wais illunnodtlby
laws to unfetter trade and protect her imer-:
From the South Carolinian.
THE COUNTRY BANKS.-On our first page
will be seen the Report of the Committec
or Ways and Means, as adopted at the.
late session of the LegidAtture, in relation.
to the "ountry Banks of this State which.
do not redeem iheir bills in Charlesto'2
We greatly approve and admire the liber
I and far-sighted policy of the Commer
cial Bank and Bank of Catnden, in re
deemina their hills in Charleston, and
should he gratified to see it adopted by the
others; but cannot approve of any measure
to compel them to do so,-contrary to the
provisions of their charters, and all Bank7
inm principles We understand they
promptly redeem at their own counteres
and are willing to make sat isfactory peri.
odical settlements with the Banks in Char
leston, and propinse to do so, .and to bear
their portion of the .expensts-ef such set
tiements;and this, unquestionably, is all
that can be properly required (if thetm.
As well might we require them to redeeny
their bills in our office, as the Charleston
Banks, that they should redeem. them in
theirs. How would the Charleston Bdnks,
like to be compelled to redeem in Cheraw,
or Hambttrg, or any other place in the
State, where their bills were to be found?
Another Tamer oj Brutes -The Mar.
seilles print, Le Semaphore, publishes the
following miraculous piece of news from
Tuscany. which attracts the attention of
nost of our Parisian contemporaries:
" Leghorn, Nov. 16th, 183.-We are
here all in astonishment, since the arriii
fron Columbia, of the American vessel
Bustard. It has brought Senor Martip
Ootava, his son Pamelo, and a racer of a
new descriptin'i, .which Senor Martin.hqa
succeeded in taming with wonderous de- ,J
terity. This racer is a Condor of the Co .
dilleras, of enormous size; the extent
tween the two extremities of his extendef
wings'is 32 feet. lie has been rendbred
so gentle and so tractable that Senor Ma;
tin Ootayn's son uses him as a hors#, gets
upon his back. aid to the astonishineut of
all. flies with him to an immepse'ieight.
Youtig Pamelo manages hiris easily as
a horse by the means of a little stick with
a steel point. His first as'ension took
place yesterday at noon. He rose froin
the Place d'Armes, and at a certain eleva
Lion %oung Pamelo stood up and saluted
the Leghorn people hi waving his hand.
kerchief. He next 'ot astride his steed,
and they disappearedin a tree. The.bird
and boy reached Florence in 12 minutes,
and were back in theevening. The child
was the hearer oritificates from~ the
Florence authoritie.. Every body hastens
to see the condor, t *price of admiasion
being two francs. nor Martin ispro
ceeding with his son d condor to Milkn,
whence they will re -to Paris.
Yankee Girls rove to mpet aYan4
kee girl, let it b &iereit will, but rmejre
especially whe st of the *Hudson, for
hen her pureimplicity of word and ac
tion, con so amiably with the eon'
strained tner of'ton many amongst as,
whose hie*nd hearts havebeen spoiled
by an artifi.1state.ofsocieiy. .She gen
erally spea .wha.'she thinks; hor is.she
fearful of' tfl~iking independently either;
her actiongtifongh free, nevei- gobeyndd
the stric est rule of propriety; and the mosit
fatdo who may at. first imagine. her
imtprud t, soon become assured that she
is less &itic -in thought than the .mitic
ing pru wo chides her niece of fifteen
tfor smni lN ith uncotnstrained openi hea'rt
edness itrhe face of her cousin wfio lhas
just r id-from abroadl. I1 feel as if' I
had ju 'erged from the cooniied'air ofa
city, int 'tfre.breezy atmosphere, when
ever I fin self in the society of a gen -
uine Yank 'rI.'who has moved in good
society an esses a cultivated mind e
The cellent traits whiich I have
observe T' Yankee girl, are her even-r
ness of di 'j ai and line Blow* of apirits.
You will a a fina~her the same see hier
where y inndi when vou will -and
yon are ita loss to understand her,
for she' sof the low trieks which
have bee fashionable amog too
many yotun oadre constnt$ ,(.
their social i j:psilt 4er~ -
we are obliged to A ' iidere
self protection bec e des
SH EEP.-Keep in a tron
witer in your aheep-t'old, a tar
and salt, to which your sheep
free access. -
Hoos.---iOnce a. week.d(uring wint
throw into your hog pien a shovel full o
charcoal. -_____- *.
A table spoonful of gnslack litii
en to Horses, regularly. with th eiriie-r
rend, for 3 or 3 days, night and maruirer.