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"We will cling to the pillars of the temple of our liberties,
PIERRE F. LABORDE, Editor. and if it must-fall we will perish amidst the ruins."
VoLUJME IV- .eelCm os,% .MrhM 89
OF THE FOURTH VOLUME OF THE
pisEr F. LABORDE, Ediser.
In entering upon the duties ofa public
Journalist, the Editor deems it neces
eary to make known his political princi
ples. This he will do in as brief a man
mer as possible. He is of the. siraitest seet
of the State Rights School of politics.
On a strict construction of the Federal
Compact, depends he believes, the value
end the very existence of the Union. To
promote this great object,he will labor faith
fully, and with zeal untirimg. lie is op
posed to a United. States Bank, believing
ii to be unconstitutional. inexpedient, dan
gerous. and peculiarly oppressive to the
Heis in favor of the Independent Con
stitutional, Treasury scheme. He believes
it to he the safest, the cheapest. and the
most simple plan for collecting and dis
bursing the public rvenue, which has yet
His paper shall not be a mere political
party sheet. Agriculture and general
literature shall meet at his hands, a due
share of attention. He will endeavor to
snake judiciaus selection-, for the farmer,
and will cater for the delicate appetite of
the lover of polite literature. In short, he
will use every exertion to make his paper
as miscellaneous, and as useful as possible.
He will publish articles on all subjects of
"From grave to gay, from lively to severe."
During the season of business, he will
puhlish every week, the prices current of
Hamburg, and Augusta, and occasionally
of Charleston .and Columbia.
The EDGEFIELD ADvkRTISER is pub
lished-every-Thursday morning at Three
Dollars per annum, if paid in admnce
Three Dollars aud Firty Cents if not paid
before the expiration of Six Months from
the date of Subscription-and Four Dol
lars if not- paid within Twelve Monihs.
Subscribers out. of the State are required
to pay in advance.
No subscription received for less than
one year, and no paper discontinued until
all arrearages ire paid. except at the op
tion of the Publisher.
M absiaription,.will he continued un
less otherwise ordered before the expira
tion of the year.
Any person procuring five Subscribers
and becoming responsible for the same,
shall re..ive the sixth copy gratis.
Advertisements conspicuously inserted at
62A cents per square, (12 lines, or less,)
for the first insertion, and 431 ets. for each
continuance 'Those published monthly,
or quarterly will be charged $1 per square
for each ioertion. Advertisements not
having the number of insertions marked
on them, will be continued until ordered
out, and charged accordingly.
All communications addressed to the
Editor, post paid, will be promptly and
strictly attended to.
W. F. DURISOE, Publisher.
Feb 7. 1839
AdjVtant General's Oice,
U NIFORM of the General and Staff Offi
cers of Cavalry of South Carolina, pre
scribed by the Adjutant & Inspector General,
in obedience to a resolution of the General As.
esably of South Carolina, passed the 19th of
Brigadier General of Cavalry.
CoA.-Dark blue cloth, doubie breasted, two
rows of buttons, ten in each row set in pain,
the distance hetween the rows five inches at
the top and three at bottom; stand up coltar
to meet and book in front; culls two and a hatf
inchbes deep, to go round the sleeve parabuel
with the lower edge, and to button with three
-small buttons at the under seam. akirt to be
what is called lhrrs-gaarters, with buff cloth or
.kerseymiere turnbacks; the bottom of the skirt
not less than three and a half nor more than
five inrches broad,with a gold embroidered star
at the connecting point of the bull'-on each
ekirt; pointed cross flaps to the skia with
four buttotnsegnally distributed; two hip but
tons, to range with the lower- buttons on the
breast. The collar, cuffs, tur'nbacks, facings
and lining of buff cloth or kerseymere.
BazzcHKs, on rtowuzas-Dark blue cloth or
CRAVA-r, ont S-rocx-Black silk.
DBoos-Long, to reach as high as the knee, and
worn over the trowsers.
Gwvzs-But guntlets, to reach halfway from
the wrist to te elbow.
Borross-Giltconvex,three quarters of a' inch
in diameter, with palmetto emblem.
EriJ.AETE-tioid, with soliderescent; asilver
embroidered star one andpa half inch diameter
- on the strap; dead and bright gold bullion half
ran inch diameter, and three inches and a half
IrORD APD Scisuan-Sabre, gilt or brass
SwesD sErT-Black leather or morocco, em
broidlered with gold; gilt chain or embroidered
Lleather carriages; gilt plate with palmetto
rdevice in silver.
SwoRD xor-Gold cord, with bullion tassels.
SASH-But silk net, wisilk bullion fringe
ends; sash to go twice around the waist and
tie on the right hip. Worn under the sword
Scanr-Purple satin or ribbon three inches
wide.to be worn over the right shoulderunder
the strap of the epaplette,the ends to meet on
the left side, under and concealed bythe sash;
an embroidered silver star, one inch and three
quarters in diameter, upon the centre of the
scarf opposite the left breast.
CA-Black leather, helmet shape, the crest to
represent solid brass; gilt scales; gold lace
-bands one inch and a half wide; a gilt pal.
mtetto in front three inches and a half long,
surmounted by a plume of three yellow os
trich rammhew resn. from a gilt ecee.
HousiO-Dark blue cloth to cover the saddle,
a border of gold lace a half inch wide: a gold
embroidered star four inches in diameter in
each flank corner.
Hor.sTaRs-Covered with dark blue cloth; a
border of gold lace a half inch wide; a gold
embroidered star three inches in diameter up
on each cap.
BRIDLE, MARTNGAL, COLLAR, HALTER AND
MoUNTiNos-Stirrups, bridle-bits, manringal
rings, and buckles-yellow metal or gilt.
GIRTHS AND SURCNULE-Of blue web.
Unifermn of the Brigade Major, Assist.
ant Deputy Inspector or Brigade In.
spector, and Brigade Judge Advocate
Cor-Dark blue cloth, single breasted, one
row ofnine buttons placed at equal distances;
stand up collar to meet in front and hook;
the collar to be part buff, the buff to extend
four inches on each side from the front. the
rest of the collar blue; cuffs two and a half
inches deep, blue. with three small buttons
at the underseam; the skirt to be what is
called tiree-quarters in length, with buff turi
backs, the bottom of the skirts not less than
three and a half nor more than five inches
broad, with a gold embroidered star at the
connecting point of the buff ot. each skirt
pointed cross flaps of blue with four buttons;
equally distributed; two hip buttons to range
with the lower button on the breast. Facings
and linings lsuffc!oth or kerseymere.
l'PAULETTEs.-Gold bullion with solid silver
crescent and silver strap, the bullion half an
inch diameter and three inches and a balf
BREECHES, or TRowsERs,
CRAVAT, or STocx, Same as prescrib
BOOTS, ed for Brigadier
SPURs, . General.
SWORD AND SCABBARD, J
SwoRn KNoT-.-Gold lace strap, with gold bul
SASH.-Red silk net, with silk bullion fringe
SWORD aELT.-Black leather, without embroi
dery, gilt chain carriages.
CAr.-Laine as porescribed for the Brigadier
General. exerpit the gold lace band which wi;1
be three quarters of an inch wide; and in
stead of the phuime a drooping horse-hair pom
pon: for the Brigade Major and Brigade In.
pector red. and fbr the Brigade Judge Advo
cate. black. The Brigade Major will wear
an aiguillette of twisted gold cord with gilt
tags: the aiguillette to be worn under the
epauletto of the right shoulder.
SAnDD.E-CLOTH AND lOLSTER covrYaS.-Dark
blue cloth without lace or star; saddle-cloth to
he worn under the saddle.
MtARTINGAL, Same as prescrib
Cottaa, ed for Brigadier
GIRTHS Ann StURcIGLE, J
Uniform of the Brigade Quarter Master,
and Aide-de. amp of the Brigadier
General of Cavalry.
COAT-Same as prescribed for the Brigade
Major &c.; except the collar which will be
EPAULrETTvs-Gold with solid crescent, bullion
one fourth of an inch indiameterand two and
a half inches long. One on each shoulder.
BREECHEs, or Tztowszas,
CRAVAT. or STOCK,
BooTs' Sam4 as rescrib
SLUns, ed for tne lirig
OD AN Seinn, ado Major, &c.
CAP.-Same as prescribed for Brigade Major,
&.c. Pompon for the Brigade Quarter Mas.
ter, blue, and for the Aids-de-Camp, yellow
drooping horse hair.
Same as prescribed for the Brigade Major, &c.
Uniform of thec Brigade Pay
'master of Cavalry.
CoAT-Dark blue cloth, double breasted, two
rows of buttons at equal intervals, ten in each
row, the rows tour inches apart at the top,
.ad two anld a half at the bottom; stand up
collar of blue cloth to meet in front and hook;
skirt Ao bemnade after the fashion of the .citi
zens' coat and lined with bltue cloth: sith a
button at each hip, one at the end of each fold,
and one intermiediate in each fold; enffs of
blue cloth, two and a half inches deep, with
three smtall btuttonse at the under seam; a gold
embroidered button-hole on each end of the
collar, four inches long, terminating with a
No epiaulettes or sash to be worn by the Pay.
master; but instead ofepdulettes. a gilt shoul
der chain will be worn on each shoulder
BRE ECHEs, or TaowsERtS,
CRAVAT, or Svoex,
Boots, Same as prescriby.
SPwts, - dfor the Brig
GL~OVES, jade Major,'&c.
Swon AND Sc~AAtD,
Swoan KNOT, J
CAF-Samne as prescrIbed for Brigade Major.
&c. Drooping white horse hair pompon.
Same as prescribed for Brigade Major, &c.
JAM ES JONES,
[C ] h4d Adj.kE Ins. Gen.
The Charleston Mercury and Courier; the
Columbia Telescope and Carolinian; the Win
yaw Intelligencer; the Cheraw Gazette; the
Camden Joural; Pendleton Messenger, and
Greenville Mountaineer will publish this order,
as well as all otheg issued from the Adjtutant
General's Office, and marked [C] once a week
for eight weeks, and reader their accounts to
the Ad-utant General, for his examination and
certificate, before presentation to the Governor
ON %J or Two A pprentices to the Printing
Business, will be takern at this office.
Youths from 14 tol6 yena of age, with a tol
erable English education, who can read and
write well, will meet with ceouiragemnent.'
State of South Carolina.
ABBE VILLE DISTRICT.
William Chiles, Bill to have re
vs . funded part
Vincent Griffin and others. ) of Legacy.
HE Complainant having filed his bill in
T my office, and it appearitig to my satis
faction that William Waller Seur. William
Waller, Jun. Doctor Mordecai, and Carolline
his wife, aid George Holt and Mary Ann his
wife. defendants named in the said bill are,
and do reside without the limits of this State ;
Therefore it is ordered, that the said defendants
do appear and jlead, answer or demur, to the
said bill, within three months from this date, or
the bill will be taken pro-confesso as to them.
BENJ. Y. MARTIN.
Feb 22, 13 w & P $11.75 ac 4
State of South Carolina.
and wife and others,
vs. Bill for
George Bowie, Partition.
UT ni~pearinL- to my satisfaction, that Sam
nel Norwood and Lucinda his wife. Rich.
ard Hodges and Mar% his wife, George Weath
erall, and George Bovie, Defendants in this
case. reside beyond the limits of this State:
Ordered, that they severally do appear and
plead, answer or demur to the bill aforesaid,
within three months from the publication of
this order,or the said bill will,as to them,respec
tively, be taken pro confesso.
BI.NJ. V. MARTIN, c. F. A. D.
28th Febrnary. 1839. -&T $11.75 ac 5
A DESIRABLE resi
.. deuce in Pottersville,
of about 14 acres of good
Land-a part not cleared. On
the premises are a good Dwelling House, I sto.
ry and a half high, with five roos-a large
framed Kitchen and Smoke-house-an execl
lent Well of pure water. For particulars en
qtire at this Office.
Feb 14, 1839 tf 2
My Ilouse and Lot, it, the
Village of Pottersville. on
terms to suit the pnrchaser,
on an early application to
the subscriber on the pro
Feb 4. 1839 d I
DISSOLUTION of the Firm of Drake,
Rhodes Ar Co. took place on the first day
oft September, 183. by mutual consent: Per
sons indebted to thenm can setle with C.Rhodes
or N. Rainey at Potteisville.
One of die Firm of D. R. & Co.
Pottersville, Feb 25, 18:19 d 4
. HE Firm of Raney, Rhodes & Co. was
dissolved on the thirtieth day of June,
.PK8, by mutual consent: Persons indebted to
them can setile with C. Rhodes or N. Ramey,
at the old stand. COLLIN RHODES,
One of the f irm of R. R. & Co.
Potterm ill,. ; h w5. 1*i9 d 4
' HL Firn of Rhodes, Ramey & Gilbs was
dissolved on the first day of January,
1839, by its own limitation: Persons indebted
to themncan settle with C. Rhodes or N. Ramey
at Pottersville, COLLIN RHODES,
One of the Firm of R. R. k G.
Pottersville, Feb 25. 1839 d 5
SHORT time since Two Notes of Hand, 1
. on F.G Thoniasfor $75, dated in May or
June and due. in October, 183-, the other oin
Rhodes, Ramey & Co. for $100. dated about
th June, 1838, and due 1st Jnnniary. 1839. The
public are cautioned against tradhug for these
notes. THOMA8 NICHOLS.
Jan 10. 1839 d 50
Iluproved Pink Saucers.
d ())IMPROVE.D PINK SAUCERS
Sfor dyingSilk. Stockings, Gloves,
Feat. ers, Flowers. Tiffany, Gauzes, Crapes,
Camnbricks, Muslinis, &c. &c.
Just received and for cale at the Edgefield
JutI'. e. tf 24
IN the Village of Edgefield, a Pocket Book.
.contatning sundry valuable treasures. The
owner is invited to call at thisOffice, prove pro.
perty, pay for this advertisement, and take it
Jan 4, 1839 tf 49
Bleached Winter Strained
T 'HE Subscribers have received a supply of
Lthe above article of ye ri or quality.
G. L. & '. PN &. Co.
Oct 31,i838 tf 39
Removed siz doors above the Rail Road Bank.
A FRESH supply of GA RDEN SEEDS,
Bird Seeds, Clover, Luicerne Potato Oin
ions, Onion Seeds, &c.
The usual-allowance made to country dealers.
A f--w Brushes, Seives, Swifls, &c.
Also, a beautiful collection of Bulbs,
Plants, Flower Seeds, &c.
Warranted Garden Seeds, just received from
the Shakers, by
3. HI. SERVICE.
Jan 14. 183.8550
MYE HOUSE and LOT. in the Village of
JVEdgefield,nupon terms to suit a purchaser.
In my absenc, apply to Col. Bauskett,
' Airille2 tf jO
Remarks of Mr. Pickens, of S. C. on the
.Navy Board, in the House of Represen
tatizes, Feb. 14, 1839.
Mr. Pickens said he had listened with
great attention to what had fallen from the
able and experienced gentleman from Mas
sachuselts, (M1IrAdams,) as well as froi:.
the eloquent gentleman front New York,
(Mr. Holfmiran,) and he confessed that he
should have some difliculty in voting, at
present, for such a measure as was propo
sed by the motion of the gentieman from
Michigan, (Mr. Crary.) lie regretted
that it was too late in the session. to pre
pare a proper system foir th anagement
of the affairs of the Navy as a sutistitute
for that at present in operation; but as to
the relative excellence of the two plans of
a Navy Board, as at present organized,
and naval bureaus, if ever an opportunity
was given lor a full and fair discussion, he
could not harbor a doubt that the House
would prefer the latter. His convictions
were against the ptesent system. He had
no prejudices against the individuals who
composed the Board. As to its political
complexion. the present was the first time
he had ever heard, either in public or in
private, what it was, or the remotest allu
sion to it. It certainly was not of the
slightest concern to him. But he was op
posed to the system because it created a
division of responsibiltty. It was true that
in theory the Secretary of the Navy was
responsible for the acts of the Board, but
every body knew that this could not, in
praciice, be the fact. He had the highest
personal respect for the Secretary; he ad
umired, in common with all his country
metn, the brilliancy of those talents which
had shed so captivating a light on the lit
erature of our country, and had won de
served admiratiot frQm men of letters in
other parts of the world; and lie felt a more
especial gratitude toward hint for what he
had done toward vindicating the imstitu
tions of theSouth from unmerited reproach;
but still every one knew, and every can
did man must admit. that it was impossi
ble for him, or for any other who held the
place, to become presonally acquainted
with the details of the service, so is to lie
held in practice to a real and personal re
sponsibility; it was divided between him
and the itenehers of the Navy Board;
and while this state ofthings continued, it
was impossible that any energy and eli
ciency could beinfused into the manage
ment of this important branch of our pub
lie service. It was impossible to look at
the system, and not at once perceive that
there were inherent defees in it, which
were inseparable from it. As soon as bl;tme
was incurred, the friends of the Commis
sioners laid it on the Secretary, and the
friend. of the Secretary on the Commis
sioners, and between the two,there was in
reality no responsibility at all.
Mr. P. would have a system for the Na
vy similar to that which had been applied
to the management of the Army. lie
wuld have heatrs of bureaus, whose du
ties should resemble those of the Com
missary Geneiral, Paymasters General,
&c. fie woidd have an ordinance bureau,
and a bureau of construction, &c; and in
these offices he would place active and a
le young men, capable of entering with C
interest and ardor, into plans for improve
ment; and not veterans in the decline of
life, with all the honors of a past war upon
their heads. The duties of such stations
never nould he performned by old men.
They had prejudices which it was hope
less to remove, and which rendered them
averse to al! propositions for improvement.
Their attachments einng to the past; it
was the characteristic of age ever to es
teem the past better thain the present, atnd
to distrust all innovmtion. The result of
placing the Navy under such conitrol
was, that wve weore near half a centu
ry behind bnth England and Fratnce
in our maritime affairs. Let our v'eter
at oflicers retire in glory,and let their pla
een lie stipplied by yoting aind diltgent and
enterprisitig amen, who would be anima
ted by zeal and emnulatiotn, to render their
respective divisions of the service as per
f. et as possible. Put such men at the
ead of the several bureaus, and make
all practically and really responsible to
the Secretary as their headl. and let him
ear the respotnsibility of the whole sys
ent to the coumntry.
Mr. P. said he could not agree with the
onorable gentleman fronm Massachusetts
Mr. Adams) in~ his stirprise that such a
ropoition shotuld have proceeded from a
enlemati from Michigani; a State almost
turrounded by water, atnd in immediate.
ontact with the noblest and most exten- I
give inland seas in the world. If evet
we shottld be at war again with Great I
Britain, our naval' engagements were as1
likely to happen on those waters as on the
bosom of the ocean. Michigan, therefore,
was as much interested in the good condi
tion and practical efficiency of the Navy,as
any other portion of-the Union.
He rejoicedl that the subject had been 1
called up and discussed; and that the at- I
tention of the country would thus he a
wakened to the stubjec~t He confessed that -1
there was much force in the remarks of the
gentlemen from Massachumsetts, and New
York. He desired to see thme whole sys
tem remodelled, and the plan of bureaus
introduced atnd tried. But if it was too
late to move in such' a measure, he would
rather be excused from voting oti the pre
sent motion. Perhaps, on the whole, it
would be best to wait until the - next ses
sion,and then prepare a plau that would
..... the wishbe ndr freelings ef' 1hia eon- tu
ry. He hoped the gentleman from Mich
igan would withdraw his motion, or else
that the committee would rise.
Remarks of Mr. Pickens of S. C. on the
Treasury Note Bill, in the House of
Representatives, Feb. 18, 1839.
Mr. Pickens said that the bill, if he un
derstood it, was to revive the bill passed
at the last se ston, for the issue of ten mil
lions of Treasury notes, and authorized the
Government to issue such notes, to the
amount of two millions and a quarter.
Mr. P. had been in fivor of the Treasury
note bill last year, owing to the peculiar
circumstances of the country at that time
eening to render such a measure indispen
sably necessary. He had, however, given
his vote for it, not without some reluc
tance ; lbr lie beld such issues by the Go
vernment a little anti-republican. But
now no such necessity existed: the con
dition of the country was changed, and
as the only reason for his former vote no
longer existed, he should go against the
present oill. The chief ground on which
it was held to lie necessary was, to meet
the requirements of the pension bills; but
lie was prepared to vote against those hills
in every form. He had as much interest
in voting pensions as any one-for he
might say, that there was not a spot in his
disirict, but had been covered with the
blood and the bones of the whigs of the
Revolution; but he should, neverthe!ess,
vote against the pension bill. A pretty
spectacle did it present to the world, to see
a Republican Government with a pension
list larger than that of any nation in the
It had been no part of his intention, on
1his occasion, to harass his colleague (Mr.
Rheit.) on the report from the Committee
>f Ways and Means. Let it go to the
:ountry as it was, and let the people judge
>f it. But, as to this hill, he could support
,io such measure at present. Who did
mot know how the money would be used?
Dongress would immediately spend it on
ibjects. in themselves, unconstitutional.
l'hey had passed one pension bill but the
)ther clay; others were yet to come in,
which would sweep millions from the
Preasury. Then there were to be light
ouse bills, and harbor bills, and last. tho'
2ot least of all, the Cumberland road bill,
ihout which certain "gentlemen were so
inxious, and which of itself would swal
ow tip three hundred thousand dollars of
lie public money during the present Con-.
tress Thus, if the House would grant
he Government, millions upon milliotin
I'reasury notes, it would all quickly go for
>hjects which the Constitution had never
Olaced within the power of Congress at
ill. The only effectual mode of control
ing these wasteful appropriations, was to
-eftise to grant, in advance, the meains of'
naking them. Let the Gove-rument do,
Is an honest, upright man would do in pri
tate life; if lie fouil himself straightened
or funds, lie would contract no new debts.
t was the part of a profligate to spend all
ie had, and then to run in debt for more.
I'he ground on which the first issue of
l'reasury notes had been vindicated, was
ound and tenable. Mr. P. never had a
;reed with those who held the doctrine that
he Government never ought, under any
:ircunisiances, to isste such notes. Every
one knew that the banks had been the re
:eptacles of the public revenue, and they
tad stopped payment. This created an
ixtraordinary emergency in the affairs of
he couni ry, which justified a resort to ex
raordinary means on the part of the Gov
rurnent. Congress had been disposed to
elieve the merchants under the severe and
udden pressure of the times, and. with
his view. had suspended the enforcement
f pay meat for their duty bonds. And its
neanis being thus, for a time, bevond its
~ommand, there was a valid anid suflicient
eason, for its availing itself of its credit,
>y the issue of paper securities. Bttt that
Lay, thank Heaven, had now passed by.
['here was now nto tuiversal stuspension
if pay ments by the banks, although the
sansk of Mobiile, and perhaps some others,
tad beeni unable to meet their hills. Now
vas the time for the nation to husband its
esources, and not lavishly vote an issue
if two millions and upwards of Treasury
totes in advance. Stuch an isstte would
nly operate, as a temptation to both
-iouses of Congress, to make large and
tnnecessary appropriations. If the Trea
ury was in straits-if Congress bad ap
tropriated more than ten millions beyond
he actual tmeans of te natiotn, he would
po for applying all the means it bapd, to
uch of the .objects .of appropriation, as
vere most conducive o the good of the
ountry, and were in he most imnmediate.
eed; and, leaving the other objects no
>rovided for, would repoirt the ease to
ongress at its next session. -Then let the
meople say whether they would sanction
his unjust and unnecessary expenditure.
4othing but dire necessity would .ever in
Iuce him to vote for so anti-republican a
neasture, as the issue- of Treasury notes
t any time. Suach necessity did not, in
is opinion, now exist, atndhe would etir
ail the means of the Treasury, as the on
y effectual mode of restraining the expen
litures of the Government. He was re
niced to find that the gentleman' from
'ennsylvania (Mr. Biddle.) and the gen
leman from Kentucky (Mr. Underwood,)
vould vote against the bill. If mare moe,
iey was wanting, let it be known fdr what;
nd when the objects wvere stated, every
nan could judge whether he consdered
hema constitutional Qr act, and-act accord
Far fetched, and dear betrghtt-is i# bar
ain for the ladithA~
CIGAR TRADE IN SPAIN.-The mann.
factory of Malaga employs'seven hundred
persons (women and children,) in making
Cigars. A goud pair of hands at the work
may furnish 310 a day: but as the childreti
cannot make half that number, taking the
average at 200 gives a daily supply of
140,000. The manufactorya Seville em.
ploys 1000 inca and 1600 women. These
2000 persons may be calculated as furnish.
ing, on an average, 250 each per diem; or,
altogether, 650,000. Add to this number.
the number the 140,000 made of Mlalga.
and we have 790.000 as the " total of the
whole" manufactured daily in Spain.
The persons employed in the manufac.
ture of cigars, in Spain, are paid at the
rate of one real vellon for fifty, which en
ables a first rate maker to earn but 15
pence a day. The hest cigars are made
entirely of. Havana tobacco, and are.sold
at the factory, at the rate of 30 reals vel.
lons the 100. or about 3 farthings English
each. The second quality, composed- of
mixed tobaccos, (that is, the interior of
Havana leaf and the outside of Virginia,)
cost 18 reals vellons per 100, or something
under a half penny each. It may be seen
from this statement, of the cost of cigars
of the royal manufactory. that smuggling*
cannot but prosper; since, at the Havana,
the very best cigars are sold for $12 per
1000, (or a trifle above a half penny each,)
whilst those of inferior quality can be had
for one fourth that price.-Capt. Scou'a
The Snow Hill Banner publishes thd
following account of the voluntary return
of a slave to his bondage. -
"TEsTIMON.-In our last number we
mentioned the fact that a free negro:ma
had been sold in Snow Hill, for a term ot
three years, to liquidate the fine imposed
for returning to the State, after having been
absent beyond the appointed time, and re
maining here.longer than the law allows.
Since then, we have understood that his
return to servitude was entirely volunta-1
ry, as he was informed of the penaltyand
warned that it would he inflicted upon
him. He expressed himself perfectly sat
isfed with his present codition, and says
he was well aware of the consequences of
delay, but that he prefers slavery in Ma
ryland to the possession of freedom at the
North; and therefore, he willingly render.
ed himself liable to the disposition of the
Spurious Bank Note.-A epmious note
of the Bank of Camden, S. C. has been
shown to us-riot exactly a counterfeit,
but apparently an inpre.ssior from the true
plate of the Bank, with false signatures:
iund filling up-supposed to be one of the
blank notes of that Bank, said ta have
been lost in the Steamer Wm. Gibbons,
when wrecked, in 1836; and that the said
notes ere found. atl put in circulation
by evil disposed persons. It is of the dew.
nomination of Five dollars, letter A, No.
144, p.yalle to J Wilson, and signed C.
Dewv, Cashier. The name signed as
President is too illegible to he made out.
but, like that in place of the Cashier, was
not designed as counterfeit of the true one.
The writing is all in the same hand, and'
the blank for the date is not filled up; but
the engraved impression being a good, and
doubtless genuine one, any person. might,
without careful examination, receive th
note as an entirely genuine one.-Squti
The Reason Why.-Almost every thing
consumed in a family, now commands an
exhorbirtant price, except cream, of wiche,
h~y the way, there is none. Inquiringo .
our milkman the reason of its scarcity, hie
satisfied our query by saying that "milk.
has riz so tarnal high that. cream- can't
reach the top!"
A lively authoress says-" A walk by
moonlight is a very pleasant thing with
a lover, and a l6ver, too, just beginnmng
bud into one. A buddinoveir'nuc
pleasanter thing-than a full blown one.vey~
often-there is so much trouble attetna~
upon the latter sort."
The works of John--aul Richter era
almost unintelligible to any but Germans, '
and even to some, of them. -A-worthy
German. just before Richter's death, edit. .c
ed a complete edition .of',his~ works, -i
which one particular passage fairly puzfed
him. Determined to have it explained a~
the source,*he went to John Paul himself,
and asked him -the meaning of tio,my's
terious passage .John Paul's reply -wa
very characteristc--"My:od friend,
when I wrote- that passage, Gidand. I
knew what it meant. It is possible that
God knows it still,' but as for me, I have
SLrI'PEaT PLACEs.-A fellow eomiun
out of a tavern one icy mornin, rmgngr -
blue, fell on the door step. Tr,1g to. -
gain his footing, he rema;',ed-"i.'f as iho
bible say, the wickLij stand on alippetr
places, Iiniust beloog to a dilfdrentee1
for it is more thau I can oi
To-morrow !-What is. to morw
time that always is - o ~oesoand neyetr
comes-it is tiat patofeternity whicb.
lies beyond'eternity-itis a name aphiua.
tom, a chaos. .Does it ever iledeive' us'L -
it is because we place'too.,much..depen.
deuce on it.. Procrastination is the dos
stone of destruction-Iet it have nto p -.
grol over yot aftdtfd it as**, 'wb'ti a pi