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"We will cling to the pillars of the temple of our liberties,
PIERRE F. LABORDE, Editor. W. F. DURISE, Publisher
and if it must fall we will perish amidst the ruins."
VOLUMIVE IV. EAgeneC o UOrt use, a .t au 1,13.N.f
OF THE FOURTH VOLUME OF THE
PIERRE F. LAB0BRiE, Editor.
In entering upoo the duties of a public
Journalist, the Editor deems it neces
sary to make known his political princi
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ner as possible. He is of the straitest seet
of the State Rights School of politics.
On a strict construction of the Federal
Compact, depends he believes, the value
and the very existence of the Union. To
promote this greatobject,he will labor faith
fully, and with zeal untiring. lie is op
posed to a United States Bank, believing
it to be unconstitutional. inexpedient,dau
gerou4, and peculiarly oppressive to the
He is in favor of the Independent Con
stitutional, Treasury scheme. He believes
it to he the safest, the cheapest. and the
most simple plan for collecting and dis
bursing the public revenue, which has yet
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party sheet. Agriculture and general
literature shall meet at.his hands, a due
share of attention. He will endeavor to
make judicious selections4 for the farmer,
and will cater for the delicate appetite of
the lover of polite literature. In short, he
will use every exertion to make his paper
as miscellaneous, and as useful as possible.
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TER M S.
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W. F. DURISOE, Publisher.
Feb 7, 1839
Adjutant General's Oe,
CoLUMBIA, Wd February, l39.
U NIFORM of the General and S:aff Offi
cers of Cava!ry of South Carolina, pre
scribed by the Adjutant & Inspector .General,
in obedience to a resolution of the General As
semobly ot South Carolina, passed the 19th of
Brigadier General of Cavalry.
CoAT.-Dark blue'eloth, double breasted. two
rows of buttons, ten in each row set in pairs,
the distance between the rows five inches at
the lop and three at bottom; stand up coliar
to meet and hook in froit; cuns i wo anod a halt
inches deep, tu go round the sleeve paralel
with the tower edge. and to intion with three
small buttons at the under samt. .-kirt to be.
wanzt is called d/wee-guarters, with buff cloth or
kerseyumere turnbacks;,he bottom of toe kirt
not less taia three and a haf nor mors-hani
five inches broad,with a golu embroidered star
at the cons-ea~ting point of the bud'. on each
skirt; pointed cross flaps to the skirts with
four buttonseqtually distributed; two hip but
tons, to range with tile lower buttouis on the
breast. The collar, cufts, iurnbacks, facings
and lining of buff cloth,or kerseymnere
BaaascIKs, OR TRowsER5-.ark blue cloth or
CRAvAT, OR STOC-Black silk.
Boos--Long, to reach as high us the knoe, and
worn over the trowsers.
G.ovzs-Bufeauntlets, to reach halfway from
the wrist to te embow.
Bev-ros-Gilt,conveZ,hree quarters ofan inch
in diameter, with palmetto emblem.
ErAIJ-KTTes-Gold. with solidereent; a silver
embr.idered star one andja half inch diameter
on the strap; dead and brnght gold bullion halV
an inch diameter, and three inches and a half
S WOnn AND ScisBin-Sabre, gilt or brags
SwoaD BELT-Black leather or morocco, em
broidered with gold ; gilt chain or embroidered
leather carriages; gilt plate with palmetto
device in silver.
fiwota KNO-GOld cord, with bullion tassels.
Beuas-Yellow metral or *It.
8As--Buf silk net. wi~ silk uilion fringe
ends; sash to go twice around the waist and
tie on the right hip. Worn under the sword
ScAF-Purple satin or ribbon three inehes
widle.to be worn over the right shoulderunader
the strap of the epaulette,the ends to meet on
the left side, under and concealed bythesash;
an embroidered silver star, one inch and three
quarters in diameter, upon the centre of the
scarf opposite the left breast.
e Ar-Blaok lathmer, helmet share, the crest to
represent solid brass; gilt scales; gold lace
bands one incht and a half wide; a gilt pal
mnetto in front three inches and a half long.
suriouinted by, a plume of three yellow os
tric fanther, rision frotm a gilt socket.
Housiso-Dark b.ne cloth to cover the saddle,
a border of gold luce a half inch wide: a gold
embroidered star four inches in diameter in
each flank corner.
HoLsTERs-Covered with dark blue cioth; a
border of goki lace a hall inch wide; a bold
embroidered star three inches in diameter up
on each cap.
BRIDLE, MARTINGAL, COLLAR, HALTER AND
MOUNTINGs--Stirrupos, bridle-bits, miar.ingal
rings, and buckles-yellow metal or gi't.
GIRTHs AND 6URCISOLE-Of blue web.
Uniforms of the Brigade Major, Assist
ant Deputy Inspector or Brigade In
spector, and Brigade Judge Advocate
CoAr-Dark blue cloth, single breaste'd, one
row ot'nie.e buttons placed at equal distances;
stand up collar to meet in frout and hook;
the collar to be part.buli, the buf' to extend
four inche., on each side from the front. the
rest of the collar blue; cuffs two and a half
inches deep, blue. with three small buttons
at the underseam; the skirt to be what is
calle'd three-quarters in length, with buff turn
backs, the bottom of the! skirts not less than
three and a halfnor more tian five inches
broad, with a gold embroidered star at the
connecting point of' the buff on each skirt
pointed cross flaps or blue with four buttons;
equally distributed; two hip buttone to range
with the lower button on the breasL Facings
need linings bufflc!oth or-kerseymere.
EPAULETTEs.-Gold bullion with solid siiver
crescent and siever strap, the builio, hult atl
inch diameter and three inches and a half
BREECHES, or TRowsERs,
(CRAvAT, or SToCE, Same as prescrib
BOOTS, ed for Brigadier
SWORD AND SCABARV,
SwoRD KNoT.-tiold lace strap, with gold bul
SASu.-Red silk net, with silk bullion fringe
SWORD BEtT.-Black leather, without embroi
dery, gilt chain carriages.
CAP.-Same as prescribed for the Bri.adier
General, except the gold lace band which wi'l
be three quaters of an incti wide; and in
stead of theplum.- a drooping horse-hair pom.
pon: for the Brigade Mator and Brigade In
pector red. attd or the Brigade Judge Advo
cate. black. The Brigade Major will wear
in aiguillette (of twisted gold cord with eilt
tags: the aiguillette to be worn under the
epattlette of the right shoulder.
SADTDLE-C: 0TH ANP HOLSTER CoYERS,
blue~ cleth without lace nru",,;,ddle-cl o
be worn under the saddle.
CLAR , Same as prescrib- I
COLAR, ed her Birigadier
GIRTHS ANn Sncacisc.E, J
Uniform of the Brigade Quarter Master,
and Aids-le-. astsp of the Brigadier
General of' Cavalry.
COAT-Same as prescribed for the Brigade
Major &c.; except the collar which wifl be:
FPAu:.KTTIs-Gold with solid crescent, hullion
one rourth o an iinch indiameperanl tt o and
a halfinclhes long. One oct each shoulder.
BREECHES, or TROWSERS,
CRAVAT. or STOCK,
BOURS, - Samn as prescrib
SPUO Es, * ed for t e Brig
SWORD AND SCASBARD, ade Major, &c.
SWORD BELT, 4
CAP.-Same as prescrihed for Brigade Major.
&c. Pompon for the Brigade Qurter I as
ter, bliue, and for the Aids-de-Camep, yellow
drooping horse hair.
Same as prescribed 'or the Brigade Major, &c.
Uniformn of the Bigade Pay
maaster or Cavalry.
CoaT-D..rk blue cloth. douible lbreastedl, two
rows of bucttoens a: equcal intervals, ten in each
row, the rows tour incihes al.art at the top,
.and tw"o atnd a hallf at the b- tt, m; stand tip
collar of' blue cloth to mteet in frot and hook;
skirt to bemctde after the fashion of the citi
zense' coat and lineed with bluce cloth; with a
button at each heip, one at the end of'each fold,
ad one inaternmediate in each fold; ctuffs. of
blue clo:h, t wo and a half inches deep, with
three small buttoes at the tnnder seame; a scold
embroidered button-hole on each e'nd of the
ellar, four inches loteg, terminating with a
No epatuh-ttes or sash to be worn by the Pay
master; bit instead ofepdmlettes. agilt shoul
dler chaiti will be worn on each shoulder
Cr.AVAT, or SToCx,
hlooTs, ISanme as prescrib
SPus, ed for the Brig
G:.ovEs, ade Major, &c.
SwoRD AND ScAssARD,
Swoan Bat.T, j
CAP-Same as j~rescribed for Brigade Major.
&c. Drooping white horse hair pompon.
Same as prescribed for Brigade Major. &c.
[C ] h 4 Adj. *r Ins. Gen.
Thte Charhlton Mercury antd Courier; the
Columnbi Te lescope and Carolinian; the Win
yaw Intellilrencer; lthe Checaw Gazette; the
Camden lournal; Pendlletont MessenegeS aned.
Greenville Mountaineer will publish this order,
as well as all others issued fIromc the A djutant
General's Otlice, and mnarkedl [C] etite a week
for e'ight weeks, and render thceir accoeunts to
the Ad utant General, for his examinatione and
certificate, before presentation to the Governor
O *. or Two A ppren'ices to thte Printing
Business, will he taken at this offie
Youths from 14 to 16 ye ntruoftage, with a tol
erable English edue'ation. who cap rend and
write well, will me~et with onedurngement.
To the Senate of the United States:
I lay before Congress several despatches
frou his Excellency the Governor of
M kaine, with enclosures, communicating
certain proceedings of the Legislature of
that State, and a copy of the reply of the
Secretary of State, made ty nmy direction,
together with a note from H. S. Fox, Esq.
Lnvoy Extraordinary and Miuist.r Plen.
ipoiettarv of Great Britain, with the an
aner of the Secretary of State to the same.
It wd appear frotum these documents
that a numerous band of lawless and des
perate tnen, chielly from the adjoining
British Provinces, but without the sanc
tion ol the Provincial Government, had
tresspassed upon that portion of the terri
tory in dispute between the United States,
ai UreatBittti, which is watered by the
river Aroostook, and claimed to belong to
Maine; and that they had co-itnitted ex
tensive depredations there, by cutting and
destroying a very large quantity of timber.
It will further appear that the Governor of
Maine, having been officially apprised of
the circutmstauceshad communicated it to
he Legialatttre, with a recommendation of
sucn provisions, in addition to those al
ready existtng by law, as wotuld enable him
to arrevt the course ol said depredations,
tnsperse the trespasbers ind secure the
itoier which they wer; about carrying
tway; that in compliance with a resolve
Al the Legislature, passed in pursuance of
lis recommendation, hip Excellency had
Jespatched the land agent of the State,
with a force deemed adequate to that pur
aose, to the scene of the alledged depre
:ltiois, who, alter accomplishing a part of
's duty, was seized by a band of the tres
iassers, at a house claimed to he within
he jurisdiction of Maine, whither he had
-epaired for the purpose or meeting a .d
-onsulting with the land agent of the Pro
ince ot New Brunswick. ,td conveyed
ts a prisoner to Frederickon, in that Pro
ritice, together with two other citizens of
he State, who were assisting him in the
lischarge of his duty.
It will also appear that the Governor,
tad Legislatre of Maine, satisfied tht
he trespassers had acted in defiance of the
ans of both countries, le:Arning that they
ve'lPre'et y ihi9 N atl-7nN
hat persons of their reckless and desperate
:baracter, would set at naught the author
ty of the magistrates. without the aid of
itrong force, had authorized the sheriff,
mid the officer appointed in the place of
he land agent, to employ, at the expense
f the State, an artmed posse, who had
>roce-ded to the scene of these depreda
tons, with a view to the entire dispersion
r arrest of trespassers, and the protectiot
f the public ptoperty.
In the cortespondence between the Gov
ruor of Maine and Sir John Harvey,
,ieutenant Governor of t he Province of N.
3runm% ick i hich has grown out of these
ccurrences, and is likewise herewith com
nunicated, the former is requested to re
all the arned parry advanced in the dis
muted territory for the arrest of trespassers,
nd is informed that a strong body of Bri
ish troops,is to be held in readiniess,to sup
ott and protect the authority and subjects
rf Great Britain in said territory. In an-:
wer to that reqnest, the Provincial Gov- j
:rtor is itformed of the determination of
he State of Maine, to support the land
gent and his party, itn the performance of
heir duty, and the same determinatio,4
ibr the execution of which provision is c
nade by a resolution of the State Legis
ature. is communirated by the Governor
o the General Government.
The Lieutenant Governor of N. Bruns
vick, itt calling upon the Governor of
blaine, for the recall of the landl agent anid
tis pat fromt the disputed territory, aamd
he British Minister in mankitng a similar
lemtaud upon the Government of the U.
States, proceed upon the assumption thtat
mt a,?reemtent extst, between the two na
ions, conceding to Great Britain, until the
intal settlemtent of the boundary question,
'xclusive paossession of, and jttrisdiction
aver, thte territory in dispute. TIhe itmpor
ant hearing whbich such an agreement, if
texisteud, would have upon the cottditinn
tm'l interests of the parties, and the influ
mece it might have upon the adjusttment of
he dispute, are too obvious to allow the
irror, upon whbich this assutmption seerts
o re-t, to pass for a mtomniat without cor
*ection. The ans'wer ol the Secretary of
state, to Mr. Fox's note, will show the
tround taken by the Government of the
[jnited States upon this point. It is he
ieved that all the correspondence whieb
ans passed betwpen the t wo Goavernmetnts.
tpotn this subjeci, has al ready been cotm
itunicated to Congress, and is now on their
iles. An atbstract of it, however, hastily
arepared, atccottpanica this comrnnunica
ion. It is possible that in thu's abridging
a volumtinous correspondence, commenc
og in 1825, and continuing to a very re
:ent periodl, a portion may have been
accidentally overlooked, but it is believed
bat ntothing has taken place, which wvould
naterially chatnge the apect of the ques
ion as thereitt presented.
Itnstead of sustaining the assumption of
the British functionaries, that correspon
rhence disproves the existence of any such
agreement. It shows that the two Goav
ernmentsl. e diff'ered. not only in regard
to tle mair question of title to the territory
in dispute, but with reference also to the
right of jurisdiction, and the fact of the se
tntal exercise- of it, in different portions
thereof. -Always aizpiti at an aleable
adjustment of the dispute, both parties
have entertained and repeatedly urged up
on each other, a desire, that each should
exercsse its rights, whatever it considered
them to be, in such a inanner as to avoid
collision, and allay, to the greatest lossi
ble extent,the excitement likely to grow out
of tie controversy. It was in pursuance
ol such an understanding. that Maine and
Massachusetts, upon the renonstrance of
Great brUatM, desisted from making sales
of lands, and the Generyl Goveruweot
from the construction of a projected mili
tary road, in a portion of the territory of
wnch* they claimed to have enjoyed the
exclusive possession; and that Great bri
lain. oin tier part, in delerence to a similar
remouarance trom hie United atates. sus
peuied the issue of licenses to cut timber
in the territory in controversy, and also the
survey and location ol a rail road, through
a section of countey over which sie also
claimed to have exercised exclusive ju
Tne State of Maine had a right to arre-t
the depredations romplained of; it belong
ad to her to judge of the cigency o1 tlie
occasion calling lr her interlerence; and
it is presumed. that had the Lieutenaut
Governor o' New Brunswick been cor
reetly advised, of the nature of the pro
ceedings ol the State of Maine, he would
not have regarded the tranactiuons as re
guiring, oi is part, any resort to lorce.
Lucli party claiiig a right to the territo
ry, and hence to the exclusive jurisdic
ion over it. it as manfest that, to prevent
the dertuction of the tunijer by trespassers,
aciiing against the autnority of bott, and
at the snie time avoid forcible collision
etween the contiguous Governmens in
ring the penueucy of negotiations concern
ing the title, resort UJust be had to the Ulu
nual exercise otjurisdction in such extreme
,ases, or to a., aincalne and temporary
arrangement as to the limits within w hich
t should be exercised by each part). The
inderstauding supposed to exist between
the United States, and Great Britain, has
)een hound heretofore suiicient for ihat
purpose. and I believe will prove so here
iflter, ifthe parties on the frontier, direct
V interested in- the question. are respec
ive 3 governed by a just spirit of coucili
it ion and forberance. If it Aall be found,
is there is now reason to apprehend, that
here is in the modes of construing that
mnderstanding by the two Goveruinents,
g gpt to be reconciled, I shall
Viajesty's Gover ihT,1%4nfi t 5 i8
neut for the temporary and mutual exer
:ise of jurisdiction, by means of which
imiilar difficulties may in future be pre
But between an effort on the part of
daine to preserve the property in dispute,
'rom destruction by intrtders, and a mili
ary occup.ition by that State of territory
ith a view to hold it by force. while the
eitleient is a subject of negotiation be
ween the two Governments. there is an es
eutial difference, as well in respect to the
,osition of the State, as to the duties of the
3en. Government. In a letter addressed
y the Secretary of State, to the Gover
or of Maine, on the first of March last,
iving a detailed statement of the steps
vhich had been taken by the Federal
movernment, to bring the controversy to a
ermination, and designed to apprise the
3overnor of the views of the Federal Ex
cttive, in respect to the future, it was
tated, that while the obligations of the
'ederal Government to do all in its power,
o effect the settlement of the houindary
uestion were fully recognized, it had, in,
lie event of being unable to do so specifi
ally, by mutual consent, or other means,
0 acconplish that object amica' ly, thanI
y another arbitration, or by a comani,ion
vith an utmpire in the natttre of an tartbitra
ion. anad that in theevent ofall other inea-'
tires failing, the President would feel it
is duty to submit ainot her proiposition to
he Government of Great Brit in, to refer
he decision of the question to a third pow
~r. These are still my views upon the
uhject, and until this step shall have been
nken, I cannot think it proper to imvokce
he attention of Congress, to other than
tuicable meatns for the settletmetnt of the
:ontrovery, or to cause the military pow
er of the IFederal Government, to be bro't
n aid of the State of Maine, in any at
empt to effect that object by a resort to
On the other hand, if the authorities of
~ew Brunswick,shoutld attempt to enforce
he clatim of exclusive jurisdiction set up
ay them, by means of a military oceupa.
ion on their part of the dispnted territory.
I shall feel myself bouind to consider the
ontingettcy provided by the Constttion
us having occurred, on the happening of
hich, a State ha4 the right to call for the
id of the Federal Government to repel
I have expressed to the British Minister
ear this Government,n confident expectai
ion that the agents of the State of Mlnine
who have been arrested under an obvious
misapprehensionl of the object of their mis
,ion,will be promptly released; and to the
Governor of Maine, that a similar course
will be pursued -in regard to the agents of
the Provinice of New Brunswick. I have
also recommended that any militia that
may have been bhmught together by the
State of Maine, from an apprehetnsion of
a collision with the Government or peniple
of the British Provinace, will be voluntarily
nd peacahly disbanded.
I cannot aillow myself to doubt that the
results anticipated fromt these representa
tions will be seasonably realized. The
partie- more immediately interested can
not but perceive that an appeal to arms,
,,,daritin1 circutUtter~, will tidtomliy
prove fatal to their present interests, but
would postpone, if not defeat, the attain
ment of the main objects which they have
in view. The very incidents which have
recently occurred,will necessarily awaken
the Governments to the importance of
promptly adjusting a dispute, by which it
is now made manifest, that the peace at
,the two nations is daily and imminently
endangered. This expectation is further
warranted by 'the general forbearance
which has hitherio characterized the con
duet of the Government and people on
both sides of the line. In the uniform pat
riotism of Maine, her attachment to the
Unioni, her respect for the wishes of the
people of her sister States, of whose in
teresi in her welfare she cannot be uncon
scious, and, to the solicitude felt by the
country at large, for the preservation of
peace with our neighbors, we have a
strong guarantee that she will not disre
gard the request that has been made her.
As however, the session is about to ter
minate, and the agency of the Executive
may become necessary during the recess,
it is important that the Legislature should
he drawn to the consideration of such mea
sures as may be calculated to obviate the
necesNity of a call for an extra *ession.
With that view. I have thought it my dut%
to 1.y the whole matter before you, and to
invite such action thereon, as you way
think the occasion require.
M. VAN BUREN.
Washington, February 26, 1839.
The Message -f thr Pr.-sident of the
United Sjates, tr.i..smitting the copy of
the agreement between the Secretary of
State, and the British Minister having
been read, and Mr. Williams, of Maine,
having made some remarks thereon.
Mr. Preston said that he would not at.
low himself io participate in the despon
ilency with which the Senator (Mr. Wil- s
iams) regarded the condition of affairs on
h,- Maine frontier, or to believe that the
recommendatory suggestions in the memo- 4
randum 4igned by Mr. Forsyth and Mr. t
Fox, woAld be:neicacious in suspending t
the hostile proceedings in the disputed 1
erritory. We have been suddenly, an.1 t
inexpectedly hurried into an attitude r
nenacing the most setious results. and lI
)lacing tis at once, without any previous a
iction of this Governmeht, upon the very t
!dge of war. Indeed, nothing could have N
seen more unexpected to -int- *
_Sirtl nstiLeC.8 -staitling events a
wvhich have astonished us for the last few P
lays. We may well judge from our own i
,xcitement,how much more intensely agi- [
ated are the feelings of those who are in b1
he immediate presence of those events, (
ind participators in them. It is, there- 5
're. most desirable that there should he a t
noment of pause allowed for our ow e
leliberations, and some time eiven to the c
ingry parties on the frontier, to consider of E
.heir position, and to right thlimselves, if, P
n a moment of heat, either has fallen into "
rror. This most desirable end the me
norandum of' Messrs. Forsvh and Fox
teems to have in view, and if received by
:he Governors of Maine. and New Brius
vick, in a corresponding spirit, will leave C
lie adjustment of their differences to the
lispassionate discssion of the Govern 11
nents of the United States, and Great 11
3rimain, to whom properly and exclusively I
elonzs the decision of the great question -1
f war or peace. c
Nothing could be more improper in v
very pointof view,or inure to be deplored, F
han that a foreign war should be superin- 8
Iiepd. by a pricipitate collisinti of conter- 8
ninous authorities,<tupersedinz thecrautions 1
leliberations of the great nations whose h
lestiny will be so deeply implicated in the I
Phe question of foreign war belongs to I
his Government; and I beg leaivc to as
mere the honorahle Senator that, whenever I
he interest or honor of his Staite shall, in
th opinion of this Governmeit, mnake an I
ppeal to arms, necessary for their vindi
-:tion. I. and I believe the Siate o' South I
Carolina, will as freely take them up in C
ber defence, as if the affront or injury had
been suffered by ourselves. I know, sir,
lhat the State of Maine lhas been subjected
to much, justly calculated to aagrieve and
neite her. nid 1 cannot forhear io add
that, in my judgment, :he negotiations for
bt relief, have not been' urged wvith suffi
:ient earnestness, or her righis insisted on
in.a tone, as peremptory as their unegivo
al character fully jusified - Her title to
the disputed territory is unqunestionable,
and obtained, at the last session, the unamn
inons sanction of this body, after a most
'areful exatnination. Ttais would have an
thorized the most decisive demandis from
ur Government on that of Great Brit ain;
and, if they have not been urged, Maine
may have cause ofecomplaint But as her
elaimns were the subject of actual negotin
iot, and her territory, in regard to which
that negotiation was pending, was subject
to provisional arrangement by an under
standing between the .flovernments, t is
certainly dune to this Governmtent that it
be consulted, if possible, upon any matters.
affeting these relations; or, if this was
not dl-emned proper, I coul have wished,
at all events, that ii had been thought ad
visable by that State to have notified the
British attthorities of the trespass of which
she complains. and .f the morle in which1
she intended to correct it. This might
have producedhmtttl explanations, and
peraps, co-operation in the correctiont of
the evil; or, if not, the British iuthorities,
by their countenance of the marauders,I
would have been Blagrantly in the wrong.!
That this was possible, may in some -e
.g.. la tntenwd ft tskaront ad hb
tone of the British correspondence, and
from the preposterous assertion of ohe
claim to exclusivejurisdiction oter this dim
This unwarraitable and most extraot
dina:ry assumption in regard to exclusive
jun-diction, way perhaps itself furnish the
:roor.ds iof a future amicable adjustmentof
these differences. Sir John Harvey is
clearly mistaken His Government, it is
to ie hoped, will correct his error, and a
vow that he has misunderstood his order,.
The British Government will not have the
hardihood to set tip such a pretention; and
as the military operations of Sir John are
founded on this mistake, it is clearly the
part of wisdon, to pause until his Governo
meat has an opportunity to rectify it.
However this may be,the recommends
tory convention before us, is calculated to
put the parties in the condition they occu.
pied before the occurrence of these unto,
ward events; to put the rights of Maine
again in the keeping of this Government,
where the Conqtitution and the pro~ress of -
ihe neeotiaton deposited them; and above
ill to leave upon the two Governments
rhemselves,the high responsibility ofpeace
I cannot, Mr. - resident, refrain frotn
2ornmending, in emphatic terms, the spir
it of moderation and firmness which has
iharacterized the conduct of the Adminis
ration, in the didficult emergencv upon
which we have been thrown. WIthas my
learty approbation, and I cannot but hope,
is I mnost ardently wish,that a policy com.
nenced under such favorable auspicemay
tventuate in the re-establishmeit and con.
olidation of pacific relations. But if, un-%
!appily, it should be otherwise, why, then..
pledge myself to theSenntor from Maino
ud to the country:, that I will not stop to
ount the cost when duty and patriotista
emand, as they then will demand,' a
olemn appeal to the last reason or nations.
Voting:-The Duty of Freemen.
invernor Pennington, in his Message to
lie Lerislature of New Jerey, alluding
r the ballot box as an instrument of great
ower, remarks on the duty of all citizens
) exercise their duty of frainchise: f 1
ould gain so much influenEe with my fel.
>w-ciizens, as to persuade them one aid
i never to neglect this duty, I should feel
iat I had rendered a great public service.
Vho are the men that fail to perform this
f the State: men who are above all mere
ersonal and mercenary influences, zed
ien, too, who have the largest stake in
ublic mea'sures. I do not ask any man to
ecome a partizan. but I would exhore
very citizen, by every considerati ;n which
lould be dear to the mind of a freeman,
) carry about him enough of patriotism.
nough of interest in the affairs of his
ountry, to let his proper influence he felt.
low different would be the condition and
rospects of our country, if all her citizens
rere thus true to her interests!"
From the Rutherford (N. C.) Gazete..
Ahou' three hndred Cherokees are no*
wellion among the whiteb, in peace and
ntentnent, in Haywood Co., N. C.
I r.Thomasjustly attributes their advance
tent in civilization. and their improve
tent in the useful arts. to temperance.
'heir old experienced chief and head-man
aw and felt the .lamentable and baneful
onsequences of intemperance, and he pre
ailed upor. his settlement and people, by
recept. and by example, to abstain frome
nd abandon the use ofintoxicating spirits.
nd the whole tribe in that neighborho
ow constitute one temperate society. The
igh moral influence of this living exam- -
4e of the Red men, should operate as a
alutary admonition to their White breth
en, not to suffer the wild Indian to g6
head in teaching the rules of propriety,
nd the precepts of tmperance. When
i~remombered whatan instinctive fond
ess the lIdian tribes have ever exhibited
or ardenit spirits. we cannot hut admirte
le character of this old Chief, who ac
eededl in the accomplishment of so praise.
vrorthy an object, -
TonAcco.-We see that a petitiohbat st
cen sent to the H. of Reptesentatives of
)hiio, asking "legislative . interference..co
crevent the use of tobacco." .- Is very.
rrong for the. Buckeye indies-for .w
urmise the petition comes from that quara
er-to interfere with the rightsofshe mert
n that way. It is demnocratic to let.all
hew, or smoke, or sntlf- tl;e weed, who
-house to-it would be the height-of tyran-;
yto compel any body to do it. We hope.
he tobacco enactments of the Puritansand
he Blue Laps's of Connecticut are not :o'
ie revived, b eyond the Alleghanies, The'
entlemen ought tobe allowded. to-exer
ise their own taster~wtthout let or hinder
mece, touchitng -"thi5 vilest- .eed of' the
regetable kingdom, eschewed, not. chewed
>y every thing that has -life. except a mnan
>r a wvorm."
6PPOINTM'NTS BY THE PRESIDEN'P
By and waithe. aduice ad Consent of tism &e
Henry Dodge. to be Governor in and tod
he Territory of Wisconsin frbom the.3dsdiy 'of.
luly next,when his present eom'isision.wll
Thomas H. Ellis,.Ito be Secretary of Lo
ration of the United'Sfiites, ui'eir the Govern
nent of the.Mexican-Republic.
Jeremiah Clemens, to be:Attorntey of the r 7
States for the northern district of Alabamia i4
he place of E.1ft. Wallace. resigned.
Mandiville-MaiEnley to he Marshcal ofe -
Utited States for the eastern district of Louis:
ana in the place of Johtn H. Hoaad. wl