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Acts of the Legislature.
To authorize the South- Western Rail Road
Bank to establish Branches and Agen
cies in this State.
SECTION 1. Be if enacted by the Hon
orable the Senate and House of Represen
tatives, now met and sitting in Genral As
sembly, and by the authority of the same,
That the consent of thit-Legislature is here
by given, to the establishment of Branches
and Agencies of the South-Western Rail
Road Bank, in this State: and the Presi
dent and Directors of the said South-Wes
tern Rail Road Bank, are hereby empow
ad and authorized to establish such Branch
es and Agencies of the said Bank. in this
State, as they may deem proper and ne
In the- Senate House, the nineteenth
day of December, in the year of otir Lord
one thousand eight hundred and thirty
eight, and in the sixty-third year (if the
Sovereignty and Independence of the U
President of the Senate.
D. L. WARDLAW.
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
To authorise the President and Directors of
the Louisville, Ciccinnati and Charles
ton Rail Road Company. to increase
the Rates of Trasportationon the Charles
ton and Hamburg Rail Road, in certain
oases, and to Grant certain Vacant Lots
in the Town of Columbia,
SEcETIoN 1. Be it therefore enacted, by
the honorable the Senate and House of
Representatives, now met and sitting in
General Assembly, and by the authority of
the same, That the South Carolina Canal
and Rail Road Company, be and they are
hereby authorized to charge for the trans
portation of passengers, at a rate not ex
ceeding seven and a half (7h) cents per
mile; and for the transportation of goods,
by weight, not exceeding fifty cents per
hundred pounds per hundred miles; Provi
.ded, that it shall lie in the power of the
Legislature, at any time hereafter, to repeal
the above provision ; and that the Compa
ny shall not, while availing theimselves of
the increased rates hereby provided for. di
vide among the Stockholders more than
seven percent. per annum, on the cost of
the said Road.
Sac, 2. And be itfurtherenacted, by the
authorty aforsaid, That such Lois and
partsof Lots in the town of Columbia. as
belong to the State. and may be required
for the purpose of constructing and keeping
up the road depositories and other build
ings and works of the Louisville. Cincinnati
and Charleston Rail Road Company, be
and the same are hereby vested in the said
Company, in fee simple; and that the said
Company be and hereby is authorized. to
use and occupy for the same purpose, such
streets and parts of streets, in the said
town, as the Intendant and Wardens :here
of, may convey to the said Company; and
that the said Company be and hereby are
authorized to exchange any lots in the said
town, which belong to the State, for quch
other lots, belonging to individuals, as the
Company may require for the purpose a
foresaid: and also to-exchange any 'treets
of the said town, with the consent of the
Intendant and Wardens thereof, for the
same purpose, ard upon such exchange
being made, the conveyance of t he Presi
dent of the said Road, shall vest in the
person or persons receiving the same, the
title thereto, in fee simple; Provided. That
the lands required for the road, shaoll not
extend further than one hundred feet otn
each side of the centre thereof, and that
the ground required for the depositories und
other works, shall not exceed twelve acres.
And Provided, That ano land-, or streets
withbin three squares ofthe square on which
the State House stands. shall be conveyed
to, or vested in, the said Company.
In the Senate House, the nineteenth day
of December in the year of our Lord one
thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight,
-and the sixty-third year of the sovereign
ty and Independence of the United States
of A merica.
President of the Senate
D. L. WARDLAW,
Speakierof the House of Representatives
CHAaLEsTON. March 14.
Med ical-C~ollege of the State of South
Carolina.-The annual Commencement
of this flourishing Institution was celebra
ted in this city, yesterday morning, at the
College building, in Broad street. A nu
'mnerous and brilliant assemblage graced
the -occasion. The exercises were com
menced with an appropriate prayer. bey
the Rev. T. Smyth. M King. Esq Pres
ident of the board of Trustees, delivered
an able and impressive address to the era
duatig class; and Dr. S. H. Dickson,Dean
of the Faculty, also pronouced an ad
dress in a most brilliant and felicitous vein.
The degree of M. D, was conferred on 49
graduates, and premiums awarded for the
beat Greek, 'Latin, French, and English
dissertations, -respectively, to Win. A.
*Sparks, of Society Hill. I. Murdoch, of
Colnqphia, B. H. Moss, ot -Orangeburg,
and A. P. Wylie, of Lancaster. S, C.
The class .in attendance on the lectures,
during the course, numbered 157.-Cour.
TExas VERSUs DuzatLse~.-The grand
jury for the connty of Harrisburg in Tex
as, has presented. the savage custom of
duelling. -Whets will-a jury in Mississippi
-take the same high gr-ound?. Speaking of
*the duellist. tis presentment says:
"We take the high and elevated ground
that a duellist is a murderer itn every
*sense of the term, and deserves to. have
stamped upon his browv. a brand -black and
*burning as was placed by the Great Jeho
7 a on the forehead of the guilty tCain.
His constant practice for the purpose of
making himself a profieient in the use of
weapons to be handled in deadly combat.
fixes upbiuii~n the cbarce of malice afore
thought. He has not the excuse of the
culprit arraigmied~at the bar for manslaugh
ter, becausethe law does as it- ever must.
mnake some alowance for the weakness of
humsiirailty.' and the force of human pas
u.. '....ckbsrgs &m.
From tih South Carolinian.
CULTURE OF COTTON.
Cotton seed should be procured from
the best ground, where the Cotton has
been well worked, and the Ixils fully tnn
tired, gathering, f'or thih-purpose, the mid
die holls; That is, separuiug 'he tirs open
ing and the las,, from the second. The
first bolls become grown w hen the vtalk is
young and not prepared it) give to the seed
;tat perfe.tion which it does in a maturer
growth. The last opening is generally
immature. from the decay of the salkoeold
winds, early troats, &c.' That which is
iiended for seed, should be picked out
when dry, and never allowed to heat, or
ferment, which would ocea-ion a decom
position of0 its parenchyaan att(] a predis
position to rot while ;row io. Thiis par
tial fermenttiion of the secd will not pre
vent its germjinatiion; but its tnurihiing
principle being injured. the young plant
will tinot have that consimfntional rigor, s.4
essenti;al to jpirfection in eroith. it will
be sutceptible of all the diea, era itteid.-t
to the cotton cro). It i equally as impor
tant that weshould extend a care to the
preservation ofonr seed, aI to the prepar
ation of he soil. A defective seed. catinno
bring a perfect plat. The nor paints
we take with regard to .ite pre-ervation oi
our seed the less will be their degeterey.
The land should he thrown Ip in beds, us
early as possible. with a lurting pilught.
which will hasten the decomposition of
its vegetable matter. Low matoist land
should he drawn up with the hoe. but tio
other. Some people contend for a rii'd
system of manaenent. :s to the time and
manner of planting and working a crop;
bm, as there is no reguibir imie or way of
managing, which will biit the precariotutt
seasons ofour climate. all pa ins ist tthe
mfodified accordin, to) circumtstanues.
There is a prevailing opirnio amon
planters, that the srner coltoni is plaited.
so that it is not killed by froists, the better.
This is an error ofrconsiderable magnitude.
If experience did not prove to the contrary,
we should need no better evidence, it
seems to me, th-in to know that the cot
ton platt is a ttntive of a warmer climate
than this. it Florida, the West Iithes,
and Mexico, where there are no chillinR.
winds or firost to stunt its growth, Conttn
grows to greater perfetion than in Caro
lina or Georgia. Cotton ought not to he
planted until there is evidence of i perma
nent change from cold to warnh, which
tinie ever martn's ex1erietce will dictate.
Cotton wil ten come up :md grow oIl
sooner th:an that which las- been injiree.
by frosis. or col! winds. Before plating.
:Ge seed should ibe rubbed in ashes moi%
tened with water. This will eta? the lint,
so that theseed can lie dropped more reg
ularly. And the ashes whitich stick to the
seed are -ighly beneficial, as they impart
their alkaline qualities to the young plant,
and accelerale and give vigmir to its
rowth. Sotne planters rub their seed be
lore planting in lime; but I prefer asies,
because its inherent principle. (Alkali,) i,
not only a stimulus, but a nourishment
also: Whereas. lime is only a stimulant,
and might. in some in-tances, eagrend. r
want. Aalies have a two-blod advauiage.
They give a tealthiess to the young plant.
and an impetus to its growth, which ren
der it less susceptible of the influence of
After the cotton is up, :t scraper should
be run round. if the land is iedded. Th.e
will not throw the voil diown, and leave the
cotton standing on a narrow ridge, whieb
would impede the progress of the lioes, m
chopping out. The Cot ton shotuld lie le-ft
in bunches of three or four stalks at a pltce
-the distance, suitable to the strentgth s.
the ground, not putting it to an entire
btaid unttil the secondi time. A great dleatu
is often lost in the cot tona crop, by its hetma
tot close in the drill. The stalks shcutu:
stand at such distances as at all times to
admit the sun to shinte through, ulseon the
ground. It is the genia! wartmtih ot the su.,
with a free circulation of air, that causes
the cot toni to bear, miatture, and open.
After chopping out, the Cotnan shottld bec
run r-oundt with tstirinlg ploiugh, the bt..
next the cotton. This throws the soil to
lhe midldle, covers the young grass, ;und
adits the wa~rmnth of the sunt to the root
f the Cotton; but it should tntr st antd longa
in this coniditiona, biefore it ia run routi a
gam, w~itht one or two furrows, thtrowinig
the soil batck to the Utitton. 1t is thent in
good conditint for the second horintg. lIt
hoeitng the second timec, the c:ottoni shouldi
e putt to at perfect staind of cute stalk.
Tose w fich are to lie remt!oved, should
ttot be chopped ofT with tia hoe. litt
hould lie pulled up withI the httand. 'lTiiE
is the speediest way, and the tmvst praetn
-able, as therec is tno danger of bruisimg
those a. hiceh remain. I has been shouwnt
by experiment. which is better thant all lth
theories that can Ice adduserd, that one
stalk at a pl ace, givitng it the proper dis
race, will bear mrore anad better cottoin
than twro stalks or more. Anid this i. tnot
at variance with the theory of the timnes;
for two stalks cannot draw more mat ter
rro the eatrth,. than te earth wdll yield
to one; ut on the cntriry will exhtaust
the ear'ha of those ingredients taterial t
the formattiotn of the Utottotn, whcich is the
ultimate purpose of the cotton planters -
and no planter will detty that there is more
efficacy mo a perfect -plant, thbait onte that
tas been bruised, mautilatedl, or wounded,
in any way. Its transpirationt is free aund
unrestrained: no waste of its juices, their
renovatinig pirincile heing carried- out to
heir ultimtatea perfectioin. We tmaty attri
but, and very correctly too, the barren
esss of some stalks to the wounds and
bruise, which have been itlieted, when
young, either upon the stalk, or about its
roots. Anid might we not, wirth equal pro
priety, view this as one of the causes which
basen the degeneracy in our seed? Could
we ut view scientifieagly the piogress of
'he Coto plant, fr-otm its gertmiattion to
maturity, and bee the analtgy of its coat
ttituent parts, we would see that a perfect
grow th is necessary to the perfectiont afseed.
hen surely it wvould he prudent in every
planter to use these necessary paitns, they
-equtie no mitre time. anud would evident
v incrase the quatntity tupont the grutndt.
Aid the puirity of thte seed would be a-great
lesidertumdt in athe next-crop.
The third working should be given with
as much or mnore care thant the second.
I'he roots are the, spreadlingian every di
eetion, and the stalk is in a good wvay of
iearing. There is a uttiversal.ptractice a
-onsanen planters, in the third, andt in
the last working, to plough deep and bed
up high. 'I na isau error which Is altteu
ded wvitti inciceivahie injury. Every
experienced planter knows that there is
ne oultitus tor large root. that strikes per
pentlicular and deep into the ground, and
the ibrous or iaall roots, that run norizun
tahy immeiately under (lite surlace o1 I he
ground. The ottice o the latit-r is to seek
fur nouirishinent, whicti is *ssrntial o Me
1 utipport toi I lie bolls. if he main root, which
trikes into the ground, collects mnowsure
and -;uppl. ris the stalk. Now, wan~t mnust
he the result oaf tinig those fibrous roots
with the plough, Lu dry n eather.or atauy
time, for we have no warratty ml rain I
i Tie consequence must .4e a dropping of
the it11m, an1d a barrenness of tle itaik,
until rain come again, that these roots
may take a fresh start to grow. Or even
it the ploughing should not be of suilicieut
depth Lu cut t the roats, the soil in drawn
olf with mhe hoes, iu pulling it round rie
stalk-the earib urdes to its usual -ieph.
and these roots are exposed to the burning
rays of 4he sun. I have seen the elfLhctof
tlas ,o -,rontg as to ire the lower leaves
of Lie stalk.
Atiolhier attenuative consequence of the
high bedding system, is, that the CtotIou
deries no benefit froum light showers.
The water Ichines to the iiuidle, & runs
ol'or evaporales, and dues the Cution no
od. 'soitig short of a thorough wet
tir:g raii will dto any good.
Perhtaps some one would inquire, an I
totally opposed to the bedding system! I
would nme-r, there is a .merhaum in all
diiitgs. Every virtue carried to excess,
becmomiies a vice. A tiro.ad flat bed would
set ve the requisite pirposse. My plan is
to rin round with a road icraper. This
runs i.meiit.idy under the surfacei, des
troys the small grass, aid neilter tears
down) or tlirows the bed up higher; and with
oune or two furrows. with a turning plough,
to split tle middle, then, ifiecessary, draw
trom ine middle furrows, with the hoe, a lit
Ilo of the soil. depo ilng it ton each side. i
This aniwers i lie dotlie pirpose ol shading I
and accumulating nisture about the roots
of the Coton, mid awroiig %ore water
during light showers. % hereas, . the high I
twds lose more lioisttre eve in dry % eath
er. because evaporation goes on troin the
surface of the ground. The surface be
ing increased, of corse evaporation is in
it may be thought that these little cares I
and pams are too trivial anti oiinportant
to) compensate for the additional trouble.
But it there is any tim, in three years ex
perienoe rnd observatioun. I an preared to
s y that they will timply rela% for all this
.11ditiunal trouble. -Withouit pains, there I
--ire no gaiin-. as pooar Richard says."-Lo
cust Grove, Abbecille District.
CHARLESTON, March 15.
Sub Marine Descent. -The exhibition
of the process of decetndn eneased in the
Sub-Marine Armor, took place yesterday
tfernoan, at the specified hour and ac
c-ordliiu to the arratitemenis made. with
the exception of the place of descent,
which was chnn'ed from off the Battery,
Ea-t end of A laticstreet, to a point about
rqu'distant from Meeting street and East
Ray. to the South of white Point.
Trhe weather, in the forenoon was plea
bt, but .tiut 2 o'cl->ck,ii becamecinudy.
:1nd there was every indication (of rai.
A little before 4 o'clock. however, the citi
etts commenced assembling at the Bnt
t rv, and the pulblic proinenade. at White
oint. w-is sonri well filled with spectators. I
amone whom were a number of ladies, t
nitwithstanding the tunfavorable appear
.le of the weather. The steam boat
.Suherner also came round crowdled with
I :sseng'et . antd nnehoredt within a short
bi-tnnce oftI he schoonter.that had ont board
tie gentlemnan who was to miake the de
A few mainutes after 4 o'clock, the ex
plosion ofthte submerged casks of po wder
took place, h~at fromi a want of proper tman
aigeent, nto signali was given, and btut a
prtion oft he spctators had an opportri
ity of judging of' 2Ito effect. Our eye
caght the hodly of water thrownt up) by thee
cotssion, a< it w as descending, and fromi
it s Oltimei andi apipearance, itis pur con- r
viction thamt the water must have been
throwt n as high as the fore yard of' the
chaner, aind extenided over an area tof
200 feet int a ircumaference. Immiediately
afteur the explosion, rthe revenue cutter, ly
itg ini Cooper River, fired severni us,
mid mt the spaee of a few minures, the sub
marine aftfparatus was hoistedl over the side(
.f:g, shooner, Mr. Taylor being encasedt]
thern,:: 'and( the descent was madse. After a
reattinin)g submergeta somte minuteq, be
arose. aintd repeated the experiment sever
il timecs before he was brought oat deck.-1
Ater an initervmal, he acain diescendedh, and
reainedu abiott:i n quarter of an hour, arose
and atgain~ destcee. During the time, he,
everal times handfed up article<,' taken
frmta the bottotm, proaving, to the satisfatc
titn of all, mis far as we can learn, the prac
titailty of1 his inivention subserving the
purpse for which it wa's inteuded.-Cour.
Mr. Greely, of the New-Yorker, in anti
artcle sustainintg the diemaand of the New
York Journeyman Priinters in their de-r
mand tor the prices established in 1836,
"We know by our expterienc6 in tihe
business a upprenitice, jou~trneymani and
emploer, tha: these rates afliord buft a
megr'e reward for their labor in maost Cii
ses, though generous in ia few insrances.
'The guinilttm of intelligence, integrity, 1
alent, stobri,-ry, and mechanical skill re
quired toz constitute a good Jo~urtneymain ,
Priter wouild serve to fir iup two average 4
pettifoggers, three greeni doctors. four tray
elling dentists or lecturers tin phrenology.
ad have etnough scraps left to smake anyv
utber oflnco inuco leeislators, anud spscee
currency reclaimners. Why should qaihe
hication, so varisans, an~d duties as arduous
go but hialf rewiardedl!
To prevent Horses from bwing tUsed wailk
Flies. Take two or three sall handliills of
waut leaves, upon whicha pour two oar three
~its ofrsoft anud cold water-let it in fust one
aight, mu.d let it hail for a qutarter ofan touar
-yhen coll it will be fit for use. N'a more is-re- '
gntired than to moisten a spong.-, and besiore the 2
horse got's out of the stable, let those parts I
which are most irritable, be smeared saver wvith
the lignuor, viz, between and tupan the ears- the
flank, &e. Belvidere A pollo.
A feel always comen ebort nf his reekannigw
From the Souther Patrot.
The gist sir th- dispute na to the terri
torial bonaidarv between Maine and New
Brunswick appears to be this, which is the
true river St. Croix. The question is
narrowed to this point whether in the trea
tv of 1783. as well as in the previous
irants, and commissions to Governors sent
to rule over the Briti-h Provinces of North
America, for they all employ the same
language in decribing the Iundaries) it
was intended that the true River St.Cloix
should lie the Western or Eastern Branch I
of the Scandiac. itself a branch of that
river. The lingu age of the 2d article of
the treaty is as follows:-"From the N.
West Angle of Nova Scoii. to wit : that
angle which is formed by a line drawn
due North from the source of the St Croix
River to the Highlands which divide those
rivers that emp)ty into the St. Lawrence,
from thtse which fall into the Atlantic
ocean, to the Norih westertrnmost head of
the Connecticut rivert thenc down along
the middle >f that river to the 45th degree
of North Latitude-East by a line to be
drawn along the middle of the river St.
Croix, from its mouth in the Bay of Fun
day to its source, and from its source di
rectlv North, to the aforesaid Highlands
which divide the rivers that fall into th
Atinntic Ocean, from those which fall into
tite River St. Lawrence. In Jay's treaty.
concluded in 1794, a commission was
named to determine the true St. Croix.
The British Agent, under that commission,
ontended for the Western Branch of the
Scandiae as the true St. Croix, and in con
formitv with the Treaty of 1783, a line
shotti run t hence due North until it reach
ed the waters flowing into the St. Law
rence, which would he at the Highlands
named in the Trearv, and consequently
"the North Wpst Angle of Nova Scotia."
rhe British Agent having determined this
point, for the reasons that if the Western
Branch of the Scandiac is the true St.
(roix, and a line is run thence due North,
if necessity crossing the St. Johns', it will
zive to eah nation the mouths of the riv
!rs rising in its territory, while ifthe East
rn Brainch of that river is decided to be
:je true St. Croix, and a line is thence run
ne North. it will not only of necessity
:ross the St. John's, but will cut the terri
ory of New Brunswick within fitly miles
yr Frerlericktou. its Metropo is, and also
:mt off the sources of rivers which fIall into
:he S. of Chnleurs. This was the sol
mn decision of the Agent of the British
Such was the state of the dispute up to
1794, and it was not nntil 1819, that Great
Britain contended that a line due North
'rom tite source of the St. Croix must not
ross the St. John's (its Agent having sol
bmnly decided that it nimist of necessity
ro-s that river) anid ihat'an isolated motn
ain called Mars Hill constitutesthe High
ands whi-!h divide the waters emptying
hemselves into the St. Lawrence, frotr
hose which fall into the Atlantic Ocean,
hu-s ridiculously assuming that the rivers
vhich rie in that portion of the Highlands
:alled Mars Hill. fall into the St. Law
-ence, while not a particle of water within
100 miles of this Mointain, falls into that
iver. We have no time to continue our
-emark. on this subject, but shall shortly
From the NeT York Post of the 15th inst.
THE BOUsDARY QUasvrloN.- The mails. of
-day. bring us the following ionportant intelli
rener from the Fast.
Governor Fairfield on the 12th inst. trans
nitted a message to the Leurislature. relating to
he inemorandtun between Mr. Forsyth and
1r. Fox, in which he states that it would tie
iglily improper to withdraw the troops from
le disptuted tet ritoury. He considers the an
angement iusatisfactory atnd nuiequal, andI ad
ises tha't a imilitary force of the state shouldi
ot he disbanded unless the Lient. Governor of
9ew Brnnwiek shall withdraw his men, and
le Government of Maine, be satisfied that he
mtirelv ahandotns the idea of expelling its for
es. Govt. Fairfield also resists the recontnen
lationt ton allowt Gony. Harvev concurrent juris
ictioni an a mteasture of protection to the proper
Y otn he troostook.
Ini a proserript to the Message, the Governor
ays that he has rereiveIl a note of a pacific
haracter from Sir John Harvey. itn which lie
uimates his willingness :o enter into arrange
neon a upon the- b-isis of the Memorandum of
fr. Forsyth and Mr. Fox. The Message and
sir John'Harvey's note have bteen commit..ed to
he Ns'rth Easternt Bonmidary Comnmittec, and
00 copies ordered to tie printed.
Whbat a noble contemplation to every to
er of his country is the recent chivalrous
ourse of th.- leading Southern men in
ongress in regard to mhe Maine troubles.
ook at them; they vie with the represen:
aives of the ESaet in their determination
o stand firm anid asupport the rights of
he East Clay, Calhon and Preston.
Walker, Line. and others in the Senate
'hompsont, Pickens, antd others in the
ose-alt spoke of Maine andI tier rights
ith the determination to support her as
'eely as they would 'he fields of their own.
unity Southi, .whtenever necessary. They
hrgot that the East hart sustained aboli
in-they di.t snot look to thenmselves or
hsir local iniere-is or sesctional ptosition in
his matter-it was enough for the Sooth
o know that the territorial rights of a sis
e and a sovereign State were invadedn by
Sforeign power, and they ru~shedl to her
The Dariena Herald, thus exhorts the
ronng inen oft hat town to volunteer to g
iginst the Indians :
"H annibal passed the Alps; Cesar cross
d the Ruhicon; Napoleon forced the
3 ridge of Lsali, and wvhy -not the farmers
nm merchants of Darien cover themnselves
ith Iclory by wallowing in the hogs of the
The foillowinig are the most important
rovisisons of the Bank law recently pass
d by the Legislature of the State of in
It provides that the Stats capital may
e incresemd. this year, one and a half
niliont of dollars, anid seven hundred
housand dollars per annum for five years,
nore.. in all five mrillionss. The hill fur
her provides, that four more branchtes may
me established when the State Bank thinks
he interest of the State shall require it.
tmd the conseut of the -Branches shall be
During the last year, 29 persons died at
gewport. R. I. whose united ages amount
o 2477 vears. They were alt over 70,
tnd nen r~echmd ennaaf 110n ars.
idii tf..i3 t.
THURSDAY, MARCH 28, ld&J.
TO OUR SUBS'R[BERS.
We are wiling to toil, day and night,
fir the benefit of our patrons.s But we be
lieve that the "laborer is worthy of hi
hire." Our friends would greatly obliee
us, by complying with the rules of this
paper, published on our first page, to
which we refer them.
An editor some time since, gave this
solemn advice to his readers--'sEavE
GOD. AND PAY YOUR PRNTEa."
This saying shoulhe written in letters
of gold, ont a tablet, an; s..s1.ended in eve
ry dwelling, throughout our extensive
The Court of Common Pleas and Gen
eral Sessions, commenced its session at
this place, on the 2; th instant. Judge
We have received from the Ilon. F. W.
Pickens. a copy or his speech -on the sub
ject of the North-Eastern Boundary, de
livered in the House or Representatives,
March 1, 1839." We will publish it in our
We are indebted to the Hon. Waddy
Thompson, for a copy of his "Speech in
the House of Representatives of the Uni
ted States, being in Committee of the
Whole on the State of the Union. Deliv
ered, February 5. 1539."
We have on hand, co pies of several spee
ches by members of Congtess, which we
will publish at as early a period, as possi
A correspondent whose commnnication
we publish to-day. expresses a wish f'Eat
it may be read by "the sweet little girl
whom we saw stooping over a snow
ank," a short time since. We promise
bim. that we will send it to her, though we
know thateshe is not of that class of fashion
able young ladies, of whom he gives such a
Public Meeting in famburg.-A meet
ing of the citizens of Hamburg, was held
)n the 16th instant, for the plurpose of ap
pointing Delegates to the Commercial
Convention, which will assemble in Char
leston, -n the 3d Monday in next month.
rIe following gentlemen were appointed
-W. W. Starke. H. L. Jeffers, H. W.
Sullivan, and LM. Gray.
Death of Gen. Eleazar If. Ripley.-A
Louisiana paper contains iatelligence of*
the death of General Ripley. He was a
untive of New Hampehie,'4,ut far many
years resided in Louisiana. The name of
Ripley is familiar to the reader of Ameri
Nn history. He nced a distinguished
part in the last war with Great Britain.
Among the chivalric heroes of that day,
Ripley had no superior. His meumary is
tambalmted in thea hearts of his country
men, and bty themi will he cherished in
5li future times.
Border' Troubles.--Governor Fairfiel al
bas positively refused to withdrawv the
roops of Maine, froma the disputed terrn
ory. Hise Excellency is not pleased with
Lhe arrangemaena entered into between Mr.
Forsyt h, and Mr. Fox.
Sub-kfarine Armor.-We learn from the
Sharleston pa pers rhar a descent wat 'a-ale
with the Sub-Marine Armor, (of which
are published an account last week,).in
he harbor of Charleston. The experi
nent proved quite successful.
Commissioner to Kent uckij.-Co01. Mem
ninager, the commissioner to Kentucky.
ia returned without having-accomplish
td the object of his mission. It is thought,
iowever, that the legislat ure of Kentucky,
nill ultimately'grant a charter to the
South Westeran Ruil-Road.
A provoking Miistake.-\ short time
line, a long editorial article was publish
ias a communication. itn thae Charleston
Dourier. In hiq next paper after its pull
lication, the editor said that the article
wvas not a communication, but was one of
sis oton editorial efusaions. The printer
through mistake, gave the article cte
wmutg caption. This was vexatious
enouagh, for no editor likes to give the
:redit of his aeon good thsinga to other per
Report of the Investigating Committee.
-We publish to-day some extracts from
he report of the Coinmittee appointed to
flvestigate the defalcamions of Samunel
Swartwopt, atnd Wmn. M. Price. Our ex
tracts thi's week, are necessarily confined
ro the case of Mr. Swartwout. We be
liere that they embrace every thing of
impaortance in his case. We wall publish
the report on the defaleation of Mr. Price,
It will he seen that the commttteeothrow
great censure upjon Mr. Swartwout, the
late collector at the port of New York,
tpon Mr. Woodbury, the Secretary of the
Treasury, upon the late Naval Officer at
le nort of New York, spona the First Au
riitor of te Teasury sho. late and nresent
Comptrollersdf the-Treasuiry, ipoi Mt.
Price the i te DistA'itorney, u'pon the Pre.
sident; and General Jackson. The 'present
collectorof the customs at .N. York, albo
receives a share of their censure. Frons
the political complexion of the committee.
we did not expect any thing more favora
hie. It is not for us to defend .the-.ap. -
pointment of Mr. Swartwout, or to hold'
the Administration entirely blameless in
this matter, but we believe that the comr
mittee in their zeal to ferret out abuses,
have given his defalcation, as hideous; an
aspect an possible.
We refer our readers to The advertise
ments of Messrs. C. A. Dowd, and Nickh
olson & Presley.
Texas.-A Texas paper of the lit inst.
says, that $6,000 - had beqs subscribed
in Houston, in order to equip two compa
nies of mounted men for the defence of
the settlements on the Colorado.. An en
gagement had taken place between the
Camanches, and two white companies
from the Colorado, and a company of Li
pans, The Indians were at first defeated,
and 1000 horses nere captured by the.
whites. The Indians being reinforced,
rallied, repulsed the whites, and recaptur
ed the horses. Colonel Moore, the 2om
mander, retired upon Bastrop, whither he
was pursued by 500 Camanches.
President Lamar had issued a manifes-,
to addressed to the people of Tiexas, ap-.
pealing to their chivalry, to mret the re
quisition made by the War Department.
Vedical College of Georgia.-The com...
mencement of this College.'itwas held on
the 9th instant. The degree of Doctor of
5ledicine, was conferrel o.-twelve young
gentlemen. Among the graduates, isWm.
M. Burt, of Edgefield District, South.Car
olina. The medical cluss during the ses
sion, numbered 60 Students.
A Jaunt to Aiken.-A short time since,
we made an excursion to.the flourishing,
little town of Aiken, in Barnwell District.
For the information of distant readers, wo
will state that this town hils been liuilt
within a few years past, and haiis advanced
rapidly. 'It is situated on both.. sides. of
the great Charleston and Hambirg Rail
Road, being at a distance of 120 miles
from the former place, and 16 mile'.froin
the latter. It contains several hotels,
stores, a church, and many private dwell-i
ing houses, some of which are built in a
very handsome style. Nearly in th bean
of the town. is the inclined plane. down
which, the cars from Charleston, run with
fearful velocity. This plane is a stupen-.
dous piece of work, and is justly, the adt..
miration of the. traveller. Shortl,,.ft'r
our arrival, according to our. custom, we
rambled in company with a. friend, over
the pIlace, to see all the curiomwie: ,Wo
took a view of that fine locomotiv,-the
Ohio, which had just arrived, and liker
other travellers, asked many question. of.
the engineer, who covered- with dust, and
smoke, looked the ver5 personication of
Vulcan. As we sauntered along, we> ob
served many pretty, little dwellings, scat
tered writhout much order, in the neigh-,~
boring forest, which yet florishes in all its
pristine beauty. Aiken is literally "rus in
urbe." We wrent to see the celebrated
Cocoa Spring. This is a pure fountain of,
water, situated in a deep valley, encircled
on all sides 'v lofty hills, on whose sum
mnita, various stately trees spring up itr
wild luxuriance. In the summer, these
cast a deep shade over the valley, and
render the atmosphere cool and delightful.
The spring issues from the side of a bill,
and makes a hold, andi lipdtem It
is enclosed by neat palings, and is built
around with stone. In close proximity, on
the summit of a hill, is the beautiful sum
mer residence of a gentlemnan of Charles
ton. As wve reposed on the herhage, sip
ping the pure, cool stream, we thought of
the "H appy Valley" so beautifully descri
hed in the romance of Rass-elas.Th
Prince of Albysiunia, rose u p before tis, anti
we uondered that he shoulddesire to ex
ebange the peacefulness, and simple hap
piness of his retigd valley, for the splendid
misery of a throne! These lines of .Moor.
occurred to ui
And I said if there's peace to be found in the
The heart that is humble. might hope for it
And here in this lone, little vale, I exclaim'd,
With a maid that was lovely to soul and to eye,
Who would blush when Iprais'd her, and weep
when I bI- m'd,
How bleat could I live, and how calm could J
We were also reminded of the 'vale of -
Avoca, upon which, the poet above-men-:
tioned, has written some exquaitel ver
"There is not in the .wide- world a -vall-y so.
sweet, - * .*
As that vale in whose-bosom, the bright waters'
Oh! then last ray of feeling and life must depart,
Era the bloom of that vallery shall fade from my
Sweet valeof Avoca! bow ealnm couli rest,
In thy bosom of shade, with the friends I love
best, e -
When tha storms that we feel in this epid wprld
And our hearts like thy waters, be mingled-in
Bitt there is an end to all earthly hap
piness, and we left the romantic vale of
Coo -! We cannot better conclude this
article than in the words' of Horace
"Lonze finis chiartaque vine que.".
My jiurny'-hnd. my tale together end