Newspaper Page Text
"We will cling to the pillars of the temple of our liberties,
PIERREs F.' LADBOlDE, Editor.W*.DUIOPbicr
and if it must fall we will perish amidst the ruins."
VOLUME IV. .Ep-tl Cor -01e 'n Y. -1P1 %5. 19..
OF THE FOURTH VOLUME OF TIE
PIERRE F. LABORDE, Editor.
In entering upon the duties of a public
Journalist, the Editor deems it neces
sary to make known his political princi
pies. This he will do in as brief a man
ner as possible. He is of the straitest sect
of the State Rights School of politics.
On a strict construction of the Federal
Compact, depends he believes, the value
and the very existence of the Union. To
promote this greatobjecthe will labor faith
fully, and with zeal untiring. lie is op
posed to a United States Bank, believing
it to be unconstitutional, inexpedient, dan
geroits, and peculiarly oppressive to the
Heis in favor of the Independent Con
stitutional, Treasury scheme. He believes
it to be the safest, the cheapest, and the
most simple plan for collecting and dis
bursing the public revenue, which has yet
His paper shall not be a mere political
party sheet. Agriculture and general
literature shall meet at his hands, a due
share of attention. He will endeavor to
make judicious selections for the farmer,
and will cater for the delicate appetite of
the lover of polite literature. In short, he
%rill use every exertion to make his paper
as raiscellaneous, and as useful as possible.
He will publish articles on all subjects of
"From grave to gay, from lively to severe."
During the season of business, he will
publish every week, the prices current of
Hamburg, and Augusta, and occasionally
of Charleston and Columbia.
The EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER is pub
lished every Thursday morning at Three
Dollars per annum. if paid in advance
Three Dollars and Filiy Cents if not paid
before the expiration of Six Months frn
the date of Subscription-and Four Dol
lars if not paid within Twelve Months.
Subscribers out of the State are required
-to pay in advance.
No subscription received for less than
one year, and no paper discontinued until
all arrearages are paid. except at the op
tion of the Publisher.
All subscriptions will be continued un
less otherwise ordered before the expira
tion of tho year.
- Aqyppson procuring five Subscribers
and becoming responsible for the same,
shall receive the sixth copy gratis.
Advertisements conspicuously inserted at
62i cents per square, (12 lines, or less,)
for the first insertion, and 431 ets. for each
continuance. Those published monthly.
or quarterly will be charged $1 per square
for each insertion. Advertisements not
having the number of insertion" marked
on them, will be continued until ordered
out, and charged ccordingly.
All communications addressed to the
Editor, post puid, will lie promptly and
strictly attended to.
W. F. DURISOE, Publisher.
Feb 7, 1.5
LOOK AT THIS.
T IE JACK, formerly owned by Capt. J.
Weaver, will stand during the spring sea.
son, at the following places, viz: at John Smi
ley's (formerly Co. James Smiley's) on Fr
day, the 8th inst. when the season will com
qenee; at David Richardson's on Monday, the
I th, and remain until 2 o'clock the next day;
at Mount Willing, on the evening of the 12th,
and on the 13th until 2 o'clock; at John Den
ny's, on the evening of the 13th. and on the
14th until 2 o'clock; at Henry C.Turner's. on
the evening of the 14th, and on the 15th until 2
o'clock. He will attend the above named pla
ces, every ninth day, until the 30th day of June,
when the season will cud. Ha will be let to
mares at $8 the season, and $10 to ensure a
mare to be with foal. Any person putting by
the insurance, and trading or transferring the
mare, within eleven mouths from the time of
putting the mare, will be held liable for the in
surance money, which will le considered due
as soon as such trade or transfer is made. Any
person making up a coinp any of six mares,
and becoming responsible for the same, shall be
entitled to a deduction of $1 on each mare.
T he Horse YOUNG PRESIDENT is a
handsome chestnut sorrel, full 354 hands high,
elegant form and figure, rising 8 years old. He
will stand at the same time and places with the
jack, and will be let to mares at the same rates,
and be managed by the same groom. Any
person puttiag to either the Jack, or Horse, by
the season, and failing to get a colt, shall have
another chance, as long as I keep either, for the
same money. The season money will be due
on the 1st day of December next. All possible
care wvill be taken to prevent accidents, but no
responsibility for any.
PEDICZREE.-Young President was got by
Old President, of Kentucy, and came oat of a
Jana. mare. Old President by Hamniltonian,
and he by ihe imported Diomede. The blood
of the sire and darn are both so well known by
the comnmunk~y at large that I deem it unmneces
sary to say any thing more about the bood on
either side. BEVERLY BURTON
..March 4, 1839 f 5
Statte of South Carolina.
3 W. Wimbish, Admr. )
-David Cobbi. Thomas Cobb. et al.
T appeairing to my satisfaction tat John C.
SBergier and wife Eliza, formerly Eliza
Cobb, defendats in this case. resido without
the limits of this State: 0, motion of Bellin
ger. solicitor for complainant, Ordered~atsaid
absent Defendants do plead, answer, or desauar
twthe complainant's ball, within three month~s
fl-om the publication of this order, or the said
bill will be taken pro cornfesso, against them.
J. TERRY, c.x E .D.
iva~fiN Mardh 8, li 5$8 7' Ste i
The thorough bred Horse
W ILL stand the ensuing Spring Seasoa,
commencing on the 10th of March at
Wm. Edward's; 11th at Mt. Willing; 12th at
Perry's Store; 13th at Coleman's ; Roads;
14th at Maj. J. C. Allen's; 15th at Avery Bland's;
16th at Edgefield C. House; 17th and 18th at R.
Ward's: visitiNg each stand every ninth day,
until the 10th of June.
He will be let to mares at Eight Dollars the
single leap, Twelve the season, and Filteen to
insure. In every instance the insurance money
will become due as soon as the mare is known
to be with foal, exchanged, or removed from
the District. A company of seven mares shall
be entitled to a deduction of $1 on each mare,
by each man in the club becoming responsible
for the whole.l. WARD.
Description.-Her Cline is a beautiful blood
bay, 15 hands 3 inches high, (i stately form,
presenting a commanding & beatiful front; in
fact, his fore Itand is renarkable fine. He is a
sure foal getter. He has run and won many
races in this State, Virginia. and Maryland.
When he left the turf, he was regarded one of
the best three-uilc horses in the State, and two
miles unequalled, and although he has ran
many hard races, lie never broke down, and
his limbs are yet as fine as when a colt. At
three years old,after winning the great stake at
Baltimore, (see TurflRegister,) hi; owner, Wm
R. Johnson, of Virginia, was offered and re
fused five thousand dollars for him.
His colts are generally very promising, par
taking of the old Sir Archy stock, his sire; are
extreutel, docile and gentle, nearly all making
good faniily horses, (where the dan is of good
temper,) a very important consideration. His
price too, is much lower than any other horse
ever stood ins this country, when his color,
form, size, performances and fine Pedigree are
taken into consideration.
Pediurce.-IHer-Cline was got by Old Sir
Archy, Tis dam, Georgiana, was got by Col.
Alstott's Gallatin, son of imported Bedford: his
T. dam by Calypso. by imported Knowsley; g.
g- dam by Eclipse.(sonofimported Obscurity,)
g. g. g. a by Skipwith's figure; g. g. g. g.
by imported horse Unilor's Fearnought, out of
a thorough bred tare.
W1. R JOHNSON.
March 4, 1839 f 5
The Celebrated Thorough Bred Horse
W ILL Staud the vnsnieg Spring acnson,
at the following places, viz: at Abbe
ville Court Hlou: e; tit 1-Jr. Vinceent Griffin's,
(near White Hall,) tnd at the Subscriber's
Planttation, (near the DeadIhil.) commencing
tle 4th day of March, and will visit the stands,
itt the above order, once it nine days, through.
out the season. which will expire the 15th day
of June. and will be let to ttires at the follow.
ing prices, viz: T wenty Dollars the single viiit,
Tiiirtv Dollars the seasott, and Filiy Dollars in
suranco, and One Dollar cash to the Groom, in
every iastance. In cases of comipanies of six
mares, the season will be reduced to Twenty
five Dollars for each mare. atnd a proporion'a
ble deduction for the visit, or insurance by one
individnal becoinig responsible for all, and any
individual putting tvo or more ttares of' his
own shall have te sane deduction. Mares
will be kep: at the :ilscriber's plantation. and
special care taken ol 'htei, at Twenty-five cents
per day. The visit aed season money will be
come die a! the expiratlon of the season, and
the Insurance money as soon as the mre is as
certained to be with foal, or transferred, in
which case the owner of the mare. when pttt,
will be held acconutable for the money. All
possible care will be taken to prevent accidents
or escapes, but no liability will le incurred for
Description.-NULLtrI.R is a beautiful Bay,
handsotmely marked, with a delightful coat of
hair. which shows his superior stock. His ap.
pcarauce is cotnnanding-he is of the greatest
power, substantiality, and strenth. lie will
be itite years old this Spring-is fill sixteen
hands high, having superior size, large bone,
and is as well muscled as any other horse, in
this, or any other country, and has as much du.
Pcrfornance--Nr.ri umt, the Spring ie was
three years old, ran a Swveep-stakes over the Je
rusalem Course, mile heats, sixsutbscribers,One
Hundred Dollars entrance.whten lie was beatten,
a prodigiously hard race, and not miore than six
or eight inches the second heat. The next week
hue rani. and wvon a Sweep-stakes, over the Nor
folk Coutrse, mile heats; Two Hundred Dollars
entrance, beating several colts wvith great ease,
particnlarly the seconid heat. The week after
this, lie ran another Sweep-stakes, over the
Nottawvay Course, mile heits, which race ho
won three hteats, tinder the hardest drive, eve'ry
heat. He wvas not then trained till next Sptring~.
He wvas four years old when lie ran at Tree
Hhill,a most interestinig and hard coate sted race,
whenaheiwas beaten hy Goliah, at four heats
Bayard and many others, wvere ini this race, and
Nullifier was onl'y beat one foot the last heat.
The next wveek he went to Baltimore, and ran
over thme Central Coturse, four mile hecats, for
the Jockey Club purse, when he was beaten by
thie fying" Dmchman-a very hard race; many
other horses running, bitt only these two con
tetiding. The next fall lie ran at Broad Rock,
two amile heats, which race lie wvon at four beats,
beating seven others, after hte had loast the first
atid second heats. Ini this race lie got one o1
his sinews sprung, and has not been trained
The above is all correc'.and trute.
W. Rt. JOHNSON.
Pedigree.-Nr.r.triatt was got by the cele
Sftted running horse, Old American Eclipsae,
sont of the celebrated Americant running horse,
Old Durock.ltoxana,his dam, was by the import
ed ihorse,Sir Hamrrv.thie best sin of Sir PeterlTea
zle, grand darm by the iniported htorse,Saltrumi
g. grand dam by Col. myies' celebrated A
americag horse, Old Wild Air; g. g. grand dam
by Driver, g. g. g. grand dam by the imported
horse, Fallow; g. g. g. g, grand datm by the im
ported horse, Vamper. A cortified copy, from
Virginia, signed by Benjamin Jones. Robert B
Corbaun, and.Francis P. Corban. For his own
anid hiidhits4' performnanices on the turf, reference
can be had to the Atnerican Turf hog. & Sport
ing Magazinte. -H le is a very sitre foal getter,
and itis colts are large and have a splendid up
pracand are now running with great sutc
eess, both on the Northern and Southerni Cour
see. ARCHIBALD ARtNOLD.
P. S.-Nur.umn~t will he in my possessionu
and care, till the end of thme present year. A. A,
Dean!fal,. A bbyi!!e, 8, C. 1eb J 1-30 d 6
New Spring and Smuiner
1 HE Subscriber informs his friends and
the public generally, that he has just re
ceived trom lNew York, a complate assort
ment of Staple Fancy, Spring and Sum
mer Goods-among which are,
3.4 4-4 5-4 and %-4 brown & bleached Shirt
info and Sheetngs,
A handsome assortment light col'd Prints.
50 pieces light coi'rd London do.
French prints and prh.ted Jaconet,
Mourning and halt mourning prints and
Super printed Lawns,
4-4 and o-4 Cambrics and cambric Muslins,
Swiss and book ;vl uslins,
Jacot.ct plaid and stripe do.
Lyonnaise and brocade do.
Ladies and gent's white and black, silk H. S.
and ko kiloves,
" " Cotton and thread do.
" " Misses black and white nett,
Lace and uauze do.
A handsome assortment of gauze and satin,
and Mantua Ribbons.
Best alian. sewnags, black, blue black, and
assorted by the quantity,
Hem-stitched, and super linen cambric Hkfs.
Men's and boys Pongee do.
Ladies' gauze, Hernani, gro-de-nap and sew
ing silk Hkrs.
4-4 Irish linens and linen lawia,
Plain, inserted and filled bosoms and linen
84 and 104 table diaper, 3-4 birds eye and
64 8.4 and 10-4 damask table covers,
French napkins & towels,
French brown and grass Linens.
White and brown linen Drillings
Super rib'd do.
A variety ofCotton do. col'd. and striped for
Cases ot ialn leaf Lnd willow Hoods,
English Devon straw Bonnets,
A large assortment of silk and cotton hose
and half Hose*,
34 and 4-4 plaid aid striped domestic,
Silk, satin, and Marseilles Vesting,
Parasols and Umbrellas..
Furniture,dauity and fringe,
Black bonbazines and meranos for Coats,
Paris needle workd muslin capes & c.ollars,
Urench baskets, bleached Russia Sheetinas.
Any tiling like a genet al enumerati-n of atr
ticles is inimraeticable; but these in addition, to
his former stock, make it sufficiently extensive,
and he trusts his porices are stfficiesitiy tnoder
ate to be worthy the attention of all who wish
to supply themselves with articles in his -line.
His former customers and all who buy in this
market, will do him, and perhaps themselves
a favor, by examining his assortment before
JOHN 0. B. FORD.
Hamburg, March 13, 1839. 7 tf
,tate of South Can:rdoinia.
and wife and others,
vs. Bill for
George Bowie, Partition.
and others. I
IT appearinff to my satisfaction, that Sam
uel Norwood and Lucinda his wife. Rich
::rd Hodges and Mary his wife, George Weath
erall, and Gcorgq Bowie, Defend;tts in this
case, reside beyond the limits of this State:
Ordered, that they severally do appear and
plead, answer or deitur to the bill aforesai i,
within three ttntths ftro the publication or
this order,or the said bill will,as to themrespec
tively, be taken procofesso.
BIENJ.Y.MARTIN, c. E. A.D.
28th February.1P39. n&T $11,75 ac 5
State ()f -otith t arolina.
ABBE VILLE DISTRICT.
William Chiles, )Bill to have re
vs funded part
Vincent G'riffina and others. of Legacy.
rT H E Complainant laving filed his bill tit
mEny oflice', and it appearing to' my satis
faction that WVilliamr Waller Seuar. Williami
WValler, Jun. Doctor afordeeni, and Caraline
his wvife, and George Holt and iry Ann his
wife, defendants named in the said bill are.
and do reside without the limits of this State;
Therefore it is ordered, that the said defetndants
do ap ,ear and plead, answer (ir demur, to the
said hbdl. within three months from this <dite, or
the bill will be taken, pro confesso as to themr.
BENJ. Y. MARtTIN.
Feb 22, 1839 w ar $11.75 ae.4
TRAYED from the subscriber on the '26th
Kday of Jatnuary. one hay Horse, about 12
years of age, lell eye out, with a star in his face.
Also. one bay Cott, two years old this spring,
with a star in, the faice, and a small blemish in
the left eye. Any person taking up said horses
and giving information to the subscriber. living
on Sw~eet-Water Creekc, Edgefield District, shall
be liberally rewarded for the same.
MARTIN H. DAY.
February 4. 1839 *g 1
A L L Persons indebted to the late Chr: -
tian Breithaupt, dec'd., are regqnsst
ed to make immediate payment. And v Il
persons having demands against the estate
of said deccased are requested to present
them duly attested.
JOHIN BAUSKETT, Eto
I4?. 25 3
A Lpersonitndebted to tha Estate of Wis
leyH. err, dceaed.are requested to
make immediate piaymeunt; and thoase having de
mantds against the said FEstate, arc regniested tat
presetnt thm dulv attested.
SA.MUEL STEVENS, Adm'r.
Feb 12. 1839 a*e '2
A LL~ persons htaving demands against the
estate of Janes Cobb, deceasmed, late of
Hlamburg, will render themt to the subscriber.
properly attested, wvithin thme time prescribed by
law. J. W. WIM DISH, Adenr.
Eigefleld C. H., March 9, 1839 o t
From the Silk-Grotocr.
Mr. Danforth, by the following com
munication, which came with the silk
referred to, and exhibited at the Eleventh
Annual Fair, has rendered his country
men a timely and most acceptable service.
"In compliance with the wishes of my
fellow citiz.us, I give you the result of my
experience during the past summer. I
would first premise, that in making a tri
al of the silk culture, it was my desire to
adopt a mode which could be followed by
our agriculturists at large., rather than to
show the greatest possible quantity of silk
ihatcould be produced from a given por
tion of land. Such an experiment, made
under peculiar advantages of soil and cul
ture, yielding a large product, might be
viewed with admiration, but the means
being Ieyond the reach of the mass of our
citizens, the same results could not be at
The field lrom which the experiarent
was made, was situated in East Hartford
-the soil, of a light, sandy nature, of a
quality termed in that quarter, good corn
land It was plouglied about the middle
of May, and barrowed and furrowed in
the usual manner. The roots and trees
(Morus Mulhicaulis) were now laid down,
& covered from two to four inches, the tops
having a slight upward inclination; they
were plaed above twelve inches apart in
the row, the rows three and a half feet
alart. having been previously moderately
After the field was planted, a section
comprising one eighth of an acre was
marked off, to be subjected to more par
ticular experiment. It was stocked with
780 roots .nil trees, all of one .year's
growth, having had their tops partially or
wholly killed by the severity of the past
season. One third were two feet high,
one third one foot, stripped of their linbs,
and the remainder were roots without
tops, By the 1st of June the new shoots
began to show themselves, and by the 1st
July they numbered 4,800, &had attained
the height of from twelve to fifteen inches.
A family of 4,000 woris was now star
ted, which wound tip on the 23d July, hn
ving consumed 131 lbs. leaves. Three
other lots amounting in all to 28,000,
were-now put iot at intervals of several
days, in order to favor the increasing
growth of the leaves. By the 10th of
September, the last had fiuished their la
bors. Weight ofleaves consumed in Au
gust, 710 pounds, and in September, 332
Total weight of leaves gathered, 1,164 lbs.
Total nuirber of worms fed, 32,000
Produring nine bushels cocoons.
Yielding (so far as reeledl I lb. of silk per
Weiglt of coeoons, 95 lbs.
Waste silk and floss, 1 lb.
Tweutv seven thousand of the worms
were of' the two crop kind, requiring
4,060 to make a pound of silk, and consu
ning 144 pounds of leaves. The remain
ing 5.000 were of the long crop six weeks
worius. 2 500 of which produced a pound
of silk, and consumed 90 pounds leaves.
It was my intention to have fed the long
crop worms entirely, as they tire known
to be much the most productive of any
oilier kind, but they could not be procur
Business now calling me away, the fee
ding was discontinued, and the trees were
iinnediately removed frmn the ground.
having attained an average height of 44
feet, well rooted, and with heavy limbs.
The produce of the one-eighth of an a
cre, ais above, it appears is 9 bushels co
cootns or 9 lbs. silg; be'ing at the rate of
62 pounds per nere. from the feeding be
tween the 1-st July and the 10th Septem
lher. It is easy to) see, that had the 1,164
pouinds leaves been fed to worms of the
six weeks kind, thae yield would have been
13 lbs. of silk, or nearly--and frotm the
rapidity with which the new leaves were
developiing whten the trees were removed,
it is ptresumed that had they remained (lu
ring September, enough more mtight have
been added, to have swelled the product,
so as to hanve madec the crop at the rate of
125 lts. per aere.
Durinig the period of feedinig, the safety
and even advantage to the tree of fre
quenit defoliationi was fully proved. The
trees from wvhich this experimet was
made, were stripped of their leaves four
dliiferent times, yet at no time were they
inaferior to others that were untouched; on
the contrary, it was remarked. that where
the leaves were removed, the limbs shot
forth with greater vigor-care being taken
to leave the tenider leaves at the ends of
The very treat advantage of this ape
cies ofmulberry trees over standard tres,
was manifest; while such trees are difl
cult of success, and from the small size of
the leaves, requtiriag much labor to gather
any quanitity, it was eaiy for a child to
take from the Morus Multicaulis 15 to 20
lbs. in an hour.
The plan or retarding the hatching of
the eggs by keepting them in an ice house,
was fotund perfectly successful; the worms
which wound the fittest cocoons were thus
kept back until the 3d otf August.
It mny he useful to new beginners to
knmow, that the large six weeks worm, ei
ther white or sulphur colored, is altogeth
er preferable to the two crops: for, not on
ly are they more productive of silk, but
from their superior length of thread, the
reeler is able ta produce silk of better
quality,.aud' wviuh less labor.
T~he convcmnino of n shmhb tree, whaeo
the farmer wishes to change his crop, ma
be seen fromn the fact, that with the use
a ploutgh, the trees on this section of lan
4,800 in number, were turned out of t
ground in 30 minutes. An hour more wi
sufficient to cart them from the ground.
Every one who has taken, up the cu
ture of silk, is surprised at the case ar
certuity with which it is produced; nr
of this experimeut it may be observei
that none of the persons who took care
the trees, gathered the leaves or fed th
norms, had ever seen a tree or silk wori
I am not acquainted with the compart
five merits of the Morus Mulhicaulis, at
other kinds of the mulberry; but large i
has.been the estimate of some cultivator
of the produce and value of the former,
believe its astonishing power of re-prodi
cing foliage, its tenacity of life, and ti
great ease with which it is multiplic
have never been overrated. A friend ir
forms mte that a field of roots. deprived
their tops last fall, remained in the grour
during winter, and that from the ne
shoots, which tarted a, early as any ot
er vegetation, he was able to feed frol
one to two months earlier than from ot
ers planted the foloning May. Frot
these collected facts, we may form an ide
of the quantity of leaves, and the const
quent weight of silk that may be obtain<
from the Moris Mulicaulis, when it sha
have attained greater age, eveni in th
I am not able to name the cost of raisin
silk; hut an intelligent culturist of my a
quaintance, frotn a proof of three stcce
sive years, rates it at $2 per lb. exclusil
of the cost of the trees and the tillage; re
pecting the- latter, I am of opinion the It
har bestowed on a field of mulberry, nee
not be more than a field of Indian corn.
It appears, therefore, that n-arlv all tI
labor of raising silk, viz- plucking ti
leaves, feeding the worms, and reeling
into sewings, may he performed by the fi
males of a family, and thus the product I
considered a clear gain, like that of at
other collateral branch of farming. TI
growing of silk needs but to be look. d int
to be appreciated; and if 100 pounds c
be produced the first year of plantin
worth $5, ihe pound in raw silk, or S
when in sewings, what other crop, it tn
he asked, can be named coming near
I will only add, gentlemen, that it
cheering to see the interest the Americt
Institute ha, taken in this all importa
subject, and to express the hope, that ii
coming exhibition, from our silk grower
and the increased patronage of the Inst
tute. may give to it a fresh interest.
Yours, respect fully,
J. D INFORTH."
Hartford, Sept. 19. 1838.
From die Neicark Daily Atireriser.
PoTATO SOAP FOR WAstING.-It Wi
discovered by a French chetnist tmar
years ago, that potatoes only three par
boiled, make botter soap for washing, tha
the troublesome. caustic, and expensi,
article usually made use of by our wasl
women. They make the clothes clean
and without any injury. Let me give yr
the result of the experience of my flami
which is a large iue.
The soiled clothes are first soaked, in
tub of cleau wter shout al hour. The
are then transferred to a copper of h-ot wi
ter; from which they are taken piece b
piece. to be thoroughly rubbed with tI
potatoes, the same as with soap. Tt
whole thus prepared, after having bec
well rubbed, rolled and rung, are a secor
time plunged into the copper, togethc
with a qtuantity of potatoes ia the abov
After boiling for about half an htotur, ti
linent or cloths are again taken out-urn
ed, thorottghly rubbed ,well over, ar
wrung, and af'terwaords again thrown in
the co pper for somte minutes. The clot h<
are then well rinsed in clean cold wate
and hug up to dry; the whole process ot
cupying two hours and a half.
The linent thtus wvashed, is perfecti
clean, the kitchten garmnents free from a
grease, and perfectly sweet, though in it
old way they usually retain a greasy smel
A Christman Spirit.-T he following al
pears in an Ohio paper, under the adve
tisiog head. What a pity-it is there at
no more Mr. Goddarns in the world.
"Those of my good neighbors wvho at
in the habit of borrowing from me, withot
my leave, atnd that too, wvhen I am asleel
are requested not to take any more pot a
toes from the hole they last opened. The
are my seed potatoes. Take from th
hole west of that, and be sure not to, lea',
the hole open, for they will freeze. Youl
with respect. Rt T GODD) ARD.
"Posey Township, Dec. 29, 1838.
Silk.-It is a fact that just a centut
ago, a silk manufactury was establishe
at Savannah,Ga, for the purpose of worli
ing up the silk produced in this counttr3
One plantation alone furnished five hut
dlred pounds of cocoons, btut the price<
labor prevented the prosecution of the et
terprise and it was ahbandoned for the mot
profitable cultivation of cotton.-Prov
dence R. I. Journal.
Origin of Arnerica.-W hen the seamne
on board the ship of' Christopher Colun
bus, after a series of fatigues came itn sigl
of St, Salvador, they burst out in exube
ant mirth and jollity. "The lads are in
merry-kee," cried the Commodore, fro
wchich, woe uuppose, camne the .name of oli
y FROM TEXAS.
>f The New Orleans Bulletin of 4th inst.
1, coitains the following news from Texas,
ie By the steam packet Cuba, from Gal
is veston, we are in receipt of the ilinston
Telegraph of the 27th ultimo. It men
I. tions the arrival at Houston of several
I lexican traders frou Matamoras. They
d state that the Federalist arnv before that
I, place had recently received' large rein
yf forcements froi the upper settlements of
e the Rio Grande, and a number of pieces
n of artillery from Tampico. A severe hat
tle had recently been Ibught near that city,
L- in which according to the statements of
d the Federal party, :300 Centralists were
is killed, and only 18 Federalists. Felisola,
3, it is said, had left the city, and gone on
I board of one or the vessels of the French
i vuadron. On the 21st instant, at Hous
e ton, a public: dinner was given in honor
1, to Gen. Hamilton. He addressed his hos
- pitable entertainers in a long and eloquent
>f speech, and closed with a complimentary
d toast to Teins. We learn that General
v flamilton and Ex-Gov. Butler, of South
i- Carolina, and Joseph 51. White, of Flori
n da, hnvo filed their declarations reenrding
i- their intention to become citizens of Texas.
n"The Telegraph describes the Western
a counties of Texas as in a condition re
markably flourishing. Between the Gua
d daloupe and Colorado, new farms are
I1 opened in every direetion, and hundreds
is of enterprising enigrats are constantly
arriving, aol adding new confidence and
g en-rgy to the settlers in that quarter;
The settleints were extending several
. miles above Gonzales, and such was the
e colfidence of the people in that sectioti
. that they were making locations high up
. the St. Marks, in a region that only a few
d months ago was entirely deserted on ac
count of the Indians.
e From the Southern Patriot.
it STATE INtDEDTEDN:ss.-The large a.
mount of debt owing by several of tho
States in Europe. usually denominated the
y permanent debt, it contradiction to the
e commercial debt, will be likely to prove
more embarrassing to the people of the U.
States than is generally supposed. - The
principle of the debt amounts now to
, somewhere about 170 millions of dollars'
-tihe annual payment of the interest may
not press on the avnilable resources of the
States to any injurious ext-nt. But as the
i period approaches for the discharge of the
principal, the redemption will become a
t serious matter. The loans have general
e ly to run about ten years from the period
of negociation. Should the payments of
. any considerable portion of the principal
fall due about the same period in several
of the States, extensive private lankrupt
cies nust be the consequence. The ab
straction of largi anounta of British capi
tal from productive employment in the
United States. occuring inl co-operation
with the payment of a Mercautile hal
s ance, for we are almost in a state of itt
Y debtedness to England, will materially
1- narrow the basis of our domestic credits
"1 'and produce irightful rev'ulsions. It is.
e time for the States to discontinue. ibis
' system of borrowing on a scaleso gigantic.
.r .Many of the amounts have been obtained
for Internal Improvements. About 100
y millions are duo in bonds for this object.am
The period is too short for which ntey
a have been borrowed to realiae advantage'
y at all commensurate to such immense in
I- vestments, and the isfoartune is, so inti
Y mate is the chain of pecuniary depend
e ence between the States, that ibse who
e have prudently avoided p]unging into tis
n abyss will be drawn into the vortex. ti
d common with those who have participa.
ted the most largely in the system.
* Free Negroes.-The last Legislature pass-.
ted an act in relation to free negroes,.froma
d which we extract the following sections.
0 Sec 9. And he it furthter enacted. That
s it shallj be law ful for any person to seize
4' anid make a slave for. life to his own ulse,.
anly t-ee persotns of color who may have
come into Alabama since the first day oF
y February, 1832; -Proaided, this sectioni
IIshall not take effect 'until the first day of
e Aueus, next.
-. Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That
it shall and may be lawfulfor isny personm
to seize upoqn and tmake a slave for life,
-any free person of color who may befound,
in the State of Alabama after the pase
e of this act, anti who shall. have comeo into
the St ate sincee its passage.,
e The darkios; wec opine, had better'ct.
it --Alabama Joural,
L Neto York Custom House -This buildV
y ing is estimated to cost $1,100,000. 'Of -
e this $200,000 have been expended 'in the
e purchase of the lot en whti:h-it is 'to stahd;
S $600,000 have been expe'nded in itsrgesc
tionthub~s far, and $000 more are esti
matiid to be necessary for its comp~letci.
Good Newos for the Mississippi Ladis..-.
d A bill has beeni introduced' iwo the Sea
-ate of Misssissippi, desijtied 'to seenre the
rights of married won'en, bj&isecuring d
them the enjoyment if 'the -property. -
~which they may posses~i at the -tijie o -
r. Rather Sever.-The bitterest thidgtime
Byron ever uttered respecting "the 'holy
state of mat rimonty," wvas whetn he said
sp~eakinw of the intimate connection of th'
n soul at$ the body,- tilar he should believe
they were married. .Iveeit not that ~they
sympathised' ao much'with each athcrf
Virtue 'may be misrepresented, persecunted,
a. consigned te the grave; but the righteon.ku
ir not more assuredl to thgeir holies tiLthn. 19(
'a inora Ane .