Newspaper Page Text
From the Christian i1'altdian.
REV. JONATHAN MAXCY. D. D.,
Second President of Rhode island Col
tege -This distinguished scholar and dh
vime, who was successively Proesident iii
three colleges, was born at AttleboronAh
Mass. near Providence, Rhode11C Island.
September 2, 1768. He nppears io have
..haeo early destined to a literary life, am:
graduated at Rhode bland College, iii
1787,.at the age of nineteen. Four years
Afterwards, he was ordained patotor of the
first Baptist church in Providence, and
about the same time was alppointed profes
sor of divinity in the college. On the
sixth day of September, 1792, ho was
mnade President of the institticn. as the
successsor of Dr. Manning. On bein in
-vested with this office. he wisely surren
dered his pastoral care. In 18101 he was
called td the Presidency ol' Union College,
Schenectady, New York, to stieceed Ohw
younger President Edwards. His talents
and popularity had now set him on con
spicnous ground; and in 1804, lie wns elect
ed President of South Carolina College.
at Columbia in that State. He retained
this office fifteen years, till his death on the
fourth of June, 18-20. He expired im the
fifty-second year of his age, and h-id
been a college oflicer for thirty years. [Hs
1vife was a dianghter of Commodore [lop
kins of Rhode Island.
Dr. Maxey was an accomplished, sic
cessful instructor, and a preacher of jutt
celebrity. To consumate skill in the se
vere-seience of metaphysits. lie added ant
extensive and intimate acqnaintnee wit i
polite literature. As a tencher, lie wa
remarkable for the strength and aettrnavY
of his analytical powers. and with tiis
happy faculty lie combined a singular abil
ity to impart his views in the mort cleir
4ad impressive manner; so that hi-riee'nti
declared themselves better able tojudee if
the character of a hook front hi. descrip
tion, than from a perusal of the work with
ordinary care. A master of eritirism, ani
admirer of the fine arts, he e%.inced, ly
his observation on these subjects. the gift
of a ready perception tiiited with an ele
gant and highly cultivated taste.
Of his talents as a preacher, we cannot
convey a better idea than by transcribing
an extract from a biographical noice ofi
him, which appeared in a Charleston pa
per soon after his death. The testimony
seems to be from ati eye-witness, who was
evidently inspircd with admiration of his
subject. but it has received abundant con
firmation from the authority of otherq.
"He was a remarkably powerful and
fascinating preacher. Few nien have ever
equalled him in the impressive solerinity
and awful fervor of his mainer. There
was nothing turgid, or alfected.or fanatical.
ilie delivery was founded upon the purest
principles of eloquence, aud. like his mind
was at once sublime and simple. Iis
voice was unqnestionably the most clear
and articulate I have ever heard. No
syllable of his discourse was even lost.
]very portion of a word wvas tittered with
a clearness and precision, as if, upon the
distinctness of its annunciation, the etlicn
cy of the whole depended. But though
his general manner was rather mild than
vehement, and rather solemn than inipet
Dous, yet he sometime- exhibited an elo.
quence animated and impassioned in the
last degiee. and which carried with it, as
with the force and rapidity of a torrent.
the hearts and feelings of his antdieue. I
shall never forget the stidden burst of fee
ing with which he ellivered an Apimstro
phe to the Grave, at a ftuneral d1seourse
upon the death of a stutdent, nnd whic-h
by a spontaneous and electric itmpulse
clothed the wvhole assembly in tear.s."
We-regret onr inability to tpresetnt the
religious character of Dr. .31axey. From
the tenor of his life, however, as exhihited
by such scant) memorials as harve sirvi
ved the obliterating ernects of timne, it may
be inferred that his devotion wvas exemiiplary
It is most singular, that after ihe lapse ol
a few years, so little sbould lbe known ires
pecting an individual no biably distintguish
od in bis clay. He published no work- of
considerable length. Fouir disutrse. ap
. ea to comprise his publi.eatins. These
were a discourse on 'he death of Presiet
Manning, in 17"; address to a class, 1797.
anid a fun~crh ermon berore the legisla
* From the Columtiba Telescope.
INTERESTING R EVOLUTIONA-|
- RY DOCUMENT.
We have never seen the following doe
ument in print, whlicht we now pubhlish
from the original manuscript, in the po,.
session of a gentlemnatn of this town. It
gives an account of a brilliant affair in our
Revolution, drawn up at the time by. the
chief actors in it, anti expressed in ihue plaitn
strong style that belonged to the pieriod.
This, with very many other hattles in the
South, has never attracted the applatnse.
or attained the historical tnotoriety, which
have attended the Revolutionary incidents
of similar magnitude in other quarters
and indeed so much more has been wrii
men concerning the Revolutionary inci
dents of the North, and so mttch more been
done by the pleople and the States, in that
section to .commemorate and signalize
them; that the present generation in ite
neighborhood of Cowpens and King's
Mountain know more about Bunker's Hill
and Lexingtotn, and more of Starko andI
Putnati than of Pickens or Campbell.
---No monument, inscription-stone,
Their race, their deeds, their naimes almost
We 4tave alwrays thotught that those
battle-fields in our State,wvhich were illus
trated by the gallantry nd devotion of
our ancestors, should lie marked by per
manent mementos, at the cost of the State
--every one from Fort Moultrie ta~ King's
Mountain. And he who would carry stneh
a measure through the Legislature, 'would
himself deserve a monument.
"A State of the proceedings of the
WVestern Army, fro'm the 25th day of Sep
tember, 1780, to the reduction of Maj
erguson and the Army u'nder his com
On receiving intelligence that Maj. Fer
.Auson had advanced as far til as G'ilbert
Trown in Rutherford County. andi threat
ened to cross the Mountains to the West
Col. William Campbell, with mour bun
drud men fron Washingtot County of
Virginia; Col. Isaac Shelby. with two
hundred and forty inen from Sullivan
cotitity of North Carolina; and Lieutenant
Col.. John Sevier, "ita two huindred ad
fllty Intln froi W'shintgton county ol
Nur' Carolina, assetllel ;it Wainouga,
on the:,:5:h day of September, where:hey
were joiied hby Col. Charles Nv'owell,
wii it e lutindred and sixty mncii from the
Coutlies of Burke anid Rmll heriuoru, who
had fled befere the E nemy to the We-;tern
iaters. e bgcanti onr tii;rch ont the t26h,
and oni lite 30th we were joined by Col.
Cleveland on the Cataba River, with
three hundred and lfitv men from theCoun
ties of Wilkes und Surry. No one oflicer
hlaving properly a right to the coifmnd
in chief, on the first of October we is
patched an express to Major General
Gates, itiorming lhn tif oir situation, and
regnested himtt to send a General Officer to
take the Command of fie n hole. lI the
nican time Col. Campliell %%as chosen to
act as comimandani, till such General offi
ter shoild arrive. We marched to the
Cowpens on Broad River in South Caro
lina, where we were joined by Col. James
Willi:nns ' ith four hundred men, on the
eveniing of the 6th October, who inform
ed u, that tho Enemy lay encamped some
where near the Clerokee ford at Broud
River, about thirty miles distant from us;
ity a council of the princial officers, it was
then t louight adviiable to pursue the Ene
my that night, with nine hundred of the
btst horse mico, .and1 le -e the weak horse
and lzomen to fillow on as fast as possi
ble. We. began our march with 900 of
the best mnen about eight o'clock the same
evening, and mnarhing all night came tip
with the Eii .nv at about three o'clock P.
31. of the 7th, 'who lav enclampedl. on the
to; of Kio',; Mouniain twelve tIiler
Nortih of t lie Cherok'e f ir-l. in the confi
deuce that they cuitill not lie forced from
So advtaVtf :igeolt% TI post. Previous to tite
attiat, ott our march, the followitig di
position uns made: Col. Shelby's ridg
mcnt Ifrmned ft coltiin in lie center
on lite left ; Coloniels Caipbell's ridg
tient aotlir:r oi tte- right: part of Col.
Cl.velanul's rid-mtit ieaded in from by
.\lajor Winiion, at d Col. Sevier's ridg
ment formid a large column oin the right
Win-; the other part of Col. Clevelatnd's
ridgent headed by Col. Clevelaid him
,elf, Col. \\ illiai's ridgiient, coipod'tl
Ihe lelft 1,1 iig; iln this order we advanced
1a1id got ithin a ri!arter of i mile of the
Eniemy before we were dikeovered. Cii
ghelbly's and Col. Campbell's ridgmetiis
bean the afact, and kept up a fire on the
enlety. while the right and left Winp
wete ldvanivcing !irward to surroiund them.
which was done in about five tinuttes, and
the fire became cnteral all aroind; th,
enigagtieent lasted nn hour andI(] five iin
ues, the greatest part of which tine anli
leavy and incessant fire was kept up oi
both sides; our men in some parts where
the regulars fotIght. were oblided to give
way a smtll distance, two or three times,
but rallied and retutned will fitional ar
ilir to lte attact. The troops uplon the
ri-hif having gained lte Summit of the
Eminence olidged the enemy to retreat a
long the Top of the ridge to where Col
Cleveland commanded, and were there
stopped b his brave men, a flag was im
mediatelv'hoi<:ed by Capiniti Dpoitte
then coinianiding ollirer (Maj. Ferjnuson
having been killed a little before) for ;I
sirretder; otr fi:e unimtdiately ce.ased,
fnd the enemtv laid down there arm., the
cre atest part ofthem chliarged. and strren
dered ilct selves prisoners to us at discre
It appe-rs from their own provision re
trtrms for itha~t d ay, imntnd in thtei r campt.
thait their whole forice cottsisteid of elevent
aittdred and t wety-fie mieni-ut of
wh Iich they sustained the followina lo<s
ftheit reCgul rs, onei \I ijor, Otto Cfapttin,
wo Sergents antd fifteen privates Killed.
thirty five priv'ates wounded left on the
griiundc nort abe t o iiu:reh. rT wo Catitaitis,
four Lieutenaams, three Ensigns, one Sur
ttin, five Sergenits three corpornls, one~
rmmtrer and' 419 privaites titkent prisoners;
oss of the" toties, two Colonels, three
C.ptaints.:itd 21)1 pivtfes killed; (line Ma
or aind f27 pirivfters wouindled and left on
the ground nt able to mna~rch: Onte Cole.
el, twelve Cantifins. Eleven Lieutenats,;
Twit etnsigns. tine Quairter Master, onte
Adjtaiti. two Comminissarys. eighteeni Ser
eants. and1 60t0 privates taketn prisoners.
lotfl loss of the Enemy 115i ment it
Givetn untder our h-and~s at Camp,
BENJ. CIJEVE LAND.
Discharging Clowlaf the Electric Flu
d.-M. Araigo hais propiosuied a plan for
licharginig clouds, in case of storims, of
he electric fluids they cotin, atnd thns
>reveti nc the frequent occturrence of' hail
tormq, which as is well knwti ar- gener
lly p-odtneed by two currents of clouds,
~htred with positive and negative electri
~iy crossing each other. It consists in an
m provemlenit upont Franklin's experiment,
f the kite wvith which lie obtained an elec
rie spark frotm ft cloud, and afterwards
r. Rom us of Neras, arid Messrs. Lining
n Chatrles, of the Utuited States, prod.
:ed electric flashes thpee anal four feet in
ength. Mr. Arago recommtends, that a
fmfll balloon, properly secureud, armed
ith mnetrplic points, and communicating
vith a rope covered with metallic wire.
ike a harp string, should be kept perma
ently floatingt in the air at a considorable
eight over the spot whic'h it is wished to
reserve front the effects of lightning or
i: and he etpects, that. by such an ap
aratus as this, a cloaud might have its elee
rie contents entirely drawn off wvithott
my danmage being eninsedl, or that.at least,
ie intensity of a hailstorm wotuld he great
v diminished. The experimnent is so
timple that it is wsell worthy of a trial.
Gahlignnan i's Messenger.
Increacc of Bankine Capital.-lt ap
>ars biy official idocumets, laid before
ongess, neat the close of its las sessiotn,
lint the amount of hanikinoceapital in the
I. States and Territories has increased
~romn Jantuarv, 1811, to January, 18:38,
om .52,601.601 to 317.6:36,778 dollars;
d for the fir years preceeding the 1st
annary, 18.38, it had increased 117,630.
The packet bhip Shakespeare, Capt
Cornell, from Liverpool, 27th April. ar
rived at New York, on the evening of the
24th. Bv this arrival the Edilors of the
Daily Express, ire in possession of Lou
don papers to the 26th and 27th ult.
This kingdom remains in a situation
critical, if not alarming. We learn, from
privaie sotirces that a fleeling of discontent
pervades all the norking classes, arid that
the suliject of a re olution is freely discus
sed anid the event considered by no means
improbable. Persons are moving their
efiects from Paris, and a repetmon or re
heuarsal of the Trois Jours may be looked
for. unless a favorable change in the low
ering fortunes of Louis Philippe should
speedily take place. Nocainet was yet
formed as late as the 23d, and the dissen
tions between the leading candidates
appear to have become more serious. A
sort of denouemtent on this all absorb
ina question took place in tlte Cham
bers the 22J. The Marquis of Dalmatia
entered into a long defence of his father,
Marshal Soult-spoke ofhis disinterested
ness, his retirement from poilities. his de
sire for conciliation, &c. M. Passy replied
and intimated that the Marshal had con
suIted him, ht had piocrastinoted the ar
rangements, and wisheil to degrade his
friend Thiers to some other post than for
eigu Minister, the fittest fot him. But the
tonte of M.Tthiers, who followed, shows
tat the .ptblic is justified in cotisidering
him the great antagonist power to the
throne. 'Thiers et la Roi.'' He boldly
says the Marshal made advance- uponl
him, and then wished to humiliate him
a conduct unworthy of him. Speaking
of the programme, he says:
The dissent was betceen the Crown and
me. If t ere were other differences with
imly colleagues I conratulate myself the
Imite otl inot having ac-epted ant obscure
a nd ill ilelined position. I was determined
that all should be in writing, clear and
mnttally agreed on, since there was no
use in entering a Cabinet to walk out of
it itt 15 days.0
M. Lamartine accused M. Guizot ofas
silming t.o right to represent the 221, and
deied that he Mr Lanartine was at the
head of a knot ofdisorganizers of the press.
\l. Guizot was handled very roughly.
NEW ORLEANS. M ay25.
From Mexco.-The schr. Geit If. Wet
'er, arrived fron Vera Crtz, which place
he left on tho 16th inst. She briigs in
telligence confirmatory of the news brought
bv the water Witch, tat a battle had beetn
fouglht between the central ani federal gov
ertnent forces. in which the government
forces, were victoritus.
Mr Raynal of tie Merchants exchange
has frtv.red us with the following partie
The action took place six leagues from
Puebla, -it a place called Necarigo Gen.
iltexh, with a thousand men atacked the
enemv-the government troops consisted
of 2,500 tnen utider General Valencia.
The action commenced on the 7th inst.
,it 4 o'clock, A. M. During the whole of
which period Getn. Mexia fought with the
most undaunted bravery, havin taken
the artillery of the enemy no less that
three imes, which was so often retaken.
When on the point ofenining a victory,
ie wa< chased in the rear h Santa Ann.
w Oi had just arrived with 1.-I0 nen from
Puebla. His sodden and, impettots at
tack threw the Federalists into a cotfusion
frotm which they cotuld nout he rallied
ther fledl in all directions, leaving iteir
cttititdtr, Mexia, a prisonter ltothe Cetn
tralists. ile was itmmediately ordered to
be shot by Santta Ana, atnd thesentetnce
wans exern'te:l withont delav. Thte loss ott
eithter sidle was tnot ascertrnined.--Bee.
It will be seeni. by the extracts of the a
lave tmentitoned letters, ithat the execu
tiotn of Mexia is but too trite.
"VERA Cauz, May 16, 1839.
"I have just learned from an undoubted
source that General Mexia received the
most humiliatitg insults from Santta Ana.
S.'me fewv monteists hefore his death. he
had bteen ordlered to be shot with htis hack
turned to the soldiery, as a traitor to his
-outrv. This he rernsed, edm he was
then nmurdered in a yard. Santa Atna grati
fyingx a pertontal ventecance-"
Ertract of another letter of fMay 16.'
Hv the schr. Water Witeh, yotn have
nto dtitnt beeni appricedl of zhe defeat of
he- Fe'deratl Army. anid the decath of Gen.
Mexia. We-are nasured that he died a
hero. Urrea atnd his company have taken
fight; thev are gonie, it is said. to rejoin
the remnainder of their troops at Tampiico.
Btstamente and Areste are ,narching on
this point; there is nto dlotnh of their site
cess. Thteir plan has beetn defeatedl by.
the takintg of Ptnehla, where thev had fortt
ications, but which are r~ow entirely over
'From thec New York h~nnl.
IELATtOSs OF MEXICO AND) THE IUN!
TED STrATEs. IMPRoTANT DIPLOMATIC
One of the most important missions that
ever emanated from this country, is that
undertaketn by Powhatan Ellis, who
goes ont to day in the Contstitution,to Mexi
c. On this mission, itn all probability de
pends thte permanence of Mexico as a
overnmfentt and country separate from the
United States, or Texas. Mr. Ellis car
res with him a new treaty, which fully
provides for the cotmplete adjusttment atnd
speedy settlement of the existing diffienities
in the controversy,5o long pending het ween
Mexico and the Uited States. Upon this
reaty nmuch time, thottght, and talent have
beni expended by the cabinet at Washing
ton; grent pains have beetn bestowed upon
it to rentder it clear, comprehensive, easy
ofintrpretation. and acceptable to Mexico
-at the same time that it fully provides
for all ite losses. iitries, wronaes, and
istlts that this country, and its represetn
taives andi .citizens at vari..tis times, have
sustained at the hatnds of the governtent
andI people of Mexicto; and they are neither
few nor small.
Upton this treaty, the Govertnment of the
United States expect the Mexican Gov
einent to act with honor and promptitutde
If Mexico does tnt act wvith more honor
and celerity iis this matter, than she didl
.r...:.,,g,t.,c 1n.netans nr -, seunt
I ment of our claims, she till be put to much
more trouble and expense than the brave
admiral Baudin has caused her. Last
sear, a treaty was prepared at Washing
ton with much care and fairness, and hav
ing received the necessary sanction by the
Senate, was forwarded to Mexico in time
to be ratified, before the sitting of the Con
gress closed. This, however, was not
done,and this niegligence was construed by
our Gosernmnent as an additional insult, to
he attenlel. to. Senor Martinez, the
lexican Minister at Washington, was ap
plied to for an explanation of this matter,
and to render, if possible, a proper reason
for the neglect. He nade lengthy apolo
gies fur his governmcnt, stated that they
were in a distracted state at M exico. hard
ly able to carry on their local govern
ient; that they were harrased on one hand
by the French fleet, and on the other b
civil dissensions, and thus were utterly
unable it pay any attention to their lore
ign relations. The Senor however stated
on the authority of his Government, that
if new negotiations were opened, and a
new treaty on an honorable basis was pre
pared and properly sanctioned, that the
Alexican Government would act upon and
ratify it as soon as it reached their council,.
Anl thus stood the aitir. at that period
Willing to try all peaceable means to
effict a desirable object short of a sacri
fice of nat:onal honor and respect, our
government have prepared this new treaty
spoken of and which was cotnpleted on Ihe
1lth of last motnth; the preliminaries being
all arranged between Mr. Forsytih. atnd
Senor Martinez. This treaty contains
twelve articles all of thetni fair and ionor
able, lut requiring strict satisfaction from
Mexico; the amount of our claims upon
that country are set down at $4000,000 for
property taken and destroyed in various
ways by the .4exicanswithot shadow or
pretence orjstice; it also provides that
two com missioners-by each government
be appointed to attend to the final arrange
neuts and ratification of the affair, atid
in the event of a difference between them,
nottherwise to be reconciled, that matter
is to be relerred to and abide the decision
of the Queen of England, and the King of
the Netherlands. This is the substance
of this famous treaty which is now in the
hands of Mr. Ellis, on its way to Mexico
on board the Constitution frigate.
For the result of this mission we shall
look with great anxiety; for on that result
depend ttost important matters. Mexico
is It a curious position at present; in debt
deeply to England; jeopardised by the
vast hordes of Cumanchees on her bor
ders; threatetned by Texas who stands
ready to stab her, perhaps vitally, on the
first lair opportunity; and pledged to pay
a gikeu sumn in a given tine to France
truly het- position is not to be enviedl, nor
her prospects to he desired. Santa Ana is
at the head of alairs, and he never was
less popular; receding from his professed
liberalism he is now a determined conser
vaive and centralist; this makes him ob
noxious to a majority of the army and to
thousattnds of citizens; the priests hate hitn
for formter deeds; the press curse hitmt for his
censorship; and in fact his course is such
a difficult one to steer, that if he escape
Scylla, ie in all probability will be wreck
ed on Charyhdis.
Such is the state of Mexico-yet what
ever be its torn and distracted condition, it
is a matter of no moment to us in the ab
stract. We must have this treaty ratified
within a reasonable time. And if Mex
ico does not act definitely within three
mtout h after Mr. Ellis lays it before them,
the American Government will have to
.ke a leaf out of the book which France
used tu adlju.,t her difficulties with Mexico,
atnd act accordingly. We have bornte withI
intult, antd ittjury, and wrong, and out
rage, and broken promises, and delays,
till forbearance has ceased to be a virtue,
atd beenmte critminal in the extreme. One
of our consuls has been killed, nur citizens
atd tnerebants have been robbed and
plundered again and agaitn, our sailors
have been thrown itnto prison, anti it is
only two years ago that a tunited States
bearer of despatches, was grossly itnsulted
in the city of Mexico itself, and in the dis
charge of his official duties. We have
-emotstrated, and negociated, and legis
lated long enough. The time is now come
for actiotn-proinpt atd efficient action.
The first decided tmovetment is the visit of
Old1 Ironsides to Vera Cruz, with a minis
ter and a treaty. Her ntext visit may be
paid amid a shtower of grape and caanis
ExTaAODNAUtn DEFENcE OF BtGAMY.
-At the 1'yrone assizes, a man natmed
Henry O'N~eill was tried for higamy; and,
in his defence, called as a wit ness his se
cond wife to prove that she bad bought
him fromt the first wife. and had paid her
3l. for hter husbatnd, being otne poud-more
thatshe asked. This '.itness said that
the it-t wife had told her thtat she had
bought the prisonter with her rather's man
ey, and thtat she had, therefore, as much
ribt to sell him as a cow or a pig. The
prisoner, on this, seemed to feel that he
had made out a complete case. The jury,
however, on being charged by the judge,
imediaely found him gttilty, and, tolhis
dismay and horror, his Lordship sentenced
hi to seven years' transportation.
SELF-TRAINED HoRsEs-When a colt
is wetatned and turned out, it has, of course,
shed or stable to lie or feed in. By mna
king a slight fence, a bout the height of the
olt's knees, a few yatds from the door,
you compel him to w alk over to get corn.
When he is quite used to this, raise the
rece six inches. This will make him,
rear up and get his fore legs over,'and he
will soon find it easier to jump over than
to draw his hind legs after him. When I
he does this freely, raise the fence stilli
higher, till he is obliged to make a good
standing leap over it, every time he goes
in. When hte is perfect at this, which he
will be in the course of a month, then digc
ditch, anal throw up a bank with the
earth, instead of a rail, and be will first I
walk inito the ditch, and then get his fore,
legs on the hank, baut in a dlay or two, he
will jtmp on the batik. After being per- I
et int this, have another ditch ott the oth- 1
er side of the bank, and he will jump ot e
and offin a few days, as well as any htun
ter. The writer has a thorotugh bred colt,
rally nine tmonths old, wvhich is as perfect
iu all sorts of fences, as the best hunter.-c
iry nfn Hunksman.
THUaSDAY, JUNE 6, 1839.
Articles intended for insertion. should
be handed in at as early a day, before pub
lication as possible. 4 neglect of this,
causes us much trouble.
The Court of Equity commenced its
session, at this place on the 3d iust: Chan- a
cellar Job Johnston, presiding.
Levi M. Churchill, has been appointed
Post Master at Halfway Swamp, Edge- P
Govr~aroa's HEAD QUARTERs.-The
South Carolinian or the 31st ult. says, d
"After this week, the Governor's Head s
Quarters will be at Abbeville C. House, 1
until about the 17th July next, when he
expects to attend the Brigade Encamp
ment nea the Limestone Springs, Spur- c
tanburg District, on the22d of that month."
Appointments by the Governor.-The e
Rev P. J. Shand, of Columbia, and the r
Rev. Dr. Wtn. Capers, of Charleston, I
Commissioners, under the Act for the re- i
lief of the Deaf and Dumb. t
Col. D. J. M-Corl, of Columbia, to r
Compile and Digest the Statutes of this i
State, vice Dr. Cooper, deceased. C
The twentieth of May.-The twentieth t
of May, the anniversary of the Declara- I
tion or Independence. in 1775, in Meek- I
lenburg county. N.C. was celebrated in the 0
counties of Mecklenburg and Cabarrus
withgreat enthusiasm. This Declaration
is said to have been the first bold and open c
movement on the part of the whigs. du. c
ring the Revolution, against the tyranny (1
of Great Britain. Dr. Ephraim Brevard E
was its author.
An exchange paper says, May-day was
celebrated at Washington City by a bril- e
liant ball, at which three thousand per a
sons attended. Miss Virginia Woodbury, 0
daughter of the Secretary of the Treasu
ry, was crowned Qteen of May. s
Hymeneal.-A late number of the Ma - i
con Telegraph contains, under the hyrne- ti
neal head, seven marriages-all in Geor
gia. Well done, ye Georgian maids! We u
.ay to the beautiful daughters of our own "
Carolina, "go ye and do likewise." tt
Holland and Belgium.-A London pa- c(
per says, that the trei. so long in agita
tion, confirming the soparation of Holland
and Belgium, was signed on the 19th of cc
April, by the representatives of those king- Ii
doms, and of England, France, Austria, B
Russia and Prussia.
Dignity of Editors.-We have seen it u
stated, that Gov. Hill, of New Hampshire, It
is the editor of an Agricultural paper. pub- be
lished at the low price of 75 cents per an-V
num. This is chea p etnough even for woaste t
paper. We do not betieve that a Govern- al
nr, or any other mn-m in high office, con. B
fers an honor upon the editorial craft, by ei
being a member of it. It is honorabl, r~
enough of itself. That profession cannot,
be low, to wvhich Dr. Franklin, a printer, tt
working man, and philosopher, belonged. pi
But we do believe that many itncompetent hi
and dishonest men have taken upon them,
the name of editors, and have, in some de-p
gree, brought disrepute upon the profes- ce
mion. Tnis cries aloud for reform. A die- ec
bonest editor is a monster, and should be di
rrowned down by a virtuous comtmunity. e
Important Decision.-The Supreme in
Court of the United States, with a fulle
Bench, after a .very anxious and tnatmure
ionsideration, lately decided that Silk in
Stockings,are not liable-to tariff duties. di
Rejotce ye Democrats! You will nowit
se on an equality with the "Silk Stock- A
ng Gentry." You tmay now garow to the to
tround.yottr coarse cotton socks, and shine
n beautiful silken hose! Be glad ye fair in
mes! Like a brother editor, we congrat-m
alate you on this learned and admirable T
lecision. You may shortly wear silk et
tockings whenever you list, rendering p.
,our beautiful li'tle feet, if pos'ible, still
naore beautiful! The price of silk stock-u
ngs must come down, and your fathers ar
mdi husbands will not nowv tax you with
,ztravagance, in wearing this article of
ipparel, so beautiful andi appropriate to
tour sex. We must also extend our con
gratulations to the corps editorial. They P
tre a hard-working set, and suffer manyB
trivations. Many of them have enviedl
he pampered sons of luxury, who have M
edecked their gouty ancdes in silk stock-B
ngs They have brought railing accusa-W
ions against them. They have even said
hat there is a Silk ahtocking Party in tlie
'ountry. Some of the Democraats have
ittempted to bring odium upon the Whigs,
ty dubbing them the Silk Stocktng Party.
rhbe Whigs hnve retorted in their tnm n: w
hey have given this aristocratic name toD
he Democrats. Hettce forward let dhis
ord cease! Silk stockings no longer R.
haracterize the rich. The poor may ..
rear them if they chose. Farmers, me- A.
'hanics and printers may now :lon them. if
t seemneth t~o thoem good. There is n
>nger such a class as the Silk Stocking
;entry par rxcellence There is no longer
party bearing ibis name.:
Bank Speculations.-We'commepd to
be attention of our readeg, the suljoined
Dmarks, copied from the Western Caro
nian, and the Ohio statesman, On II
peculation of banks. This is becomin
great evil in our country. In d large
utber of the States, the banks have de
arted from their legitimate sphere of bu.
iness, and have entered into competition
ritlj the merchants and general specula.
urs, in the purchase of cotton, pork, and
early all the necessaries of life. * In some
laces, by their superior privileges and fa
ilities, they have acquired a perfect m
opoly, and driven all their competitors
rom the field. Can such a course ofCon
net be submitted to ? Does not general
peculation, entered into iy banks. defeat
lie very object for which they were crea.
ed? %V ould any Legislature be so insane
s to grant these mighty corporations -
lusive privileges, for their own benefit,'
aid to the manifest injury of the comma.
ity ? Tie inonstrous to suppose so! This,:.
vil demands .reform-instant and eat
eform. A northern paper says, that in
iew York, the speculation of the banks
a provisions, has raised the price of al*.
be necessaries of life! The rich, the""
iiddling classes, and especially the '
re now experiencing the dreadful efects
f these unhallowed speculations! Some,.
f the States, feeling the evil, have restrie
.d the banks to their legitimate business."
n the new Constitution for the State ofI
noda, will be found the following claustt
u the sobject of banks and corporations:4
4The Charters of Banks granted by the
;eneral Assembly, shall restrict suchl
kinks to the business of exchange, dis
aunt and depoit; and they shall not spe
ulate or deal in real estate, or the stocka
ier corporutions or associations, or is
terchundize or chattels, or be conceruef
I Insurance, Manufacturing, Exporting,
r importation, except of Bullion or Spe
ie; shall not act as Trustee in anywise,
or shall they own real estate or chattels,:
cept such as shall be necessary for their
etual use in the. transaction of business,
r which may be pledged as further seen
1y, or received towirds, or in satisfaction
F previously contracted debts, or purcha
d at legal sales to satisfy such debti; of
hich they shall be required to make sale
ithin two years after the acquisition
Would not great restrictions imposed
pon the Banks, hereafter to be chartered
the sevetal States, be of vast benefit to i
e community ? We commend it to the
rious, earnest attention of the whole
"BANs SPeCULATING IN PRODUCE.
'he bad eflects of the EXAMPLE set by the
nited States Bank in its cotton and tobac
speculaotions by Banks, have been most.
if not wholly confined to the U. States
auk, and certain Banks in the West,and
outh-West. The Banks in the Atlantic
tates have carefully abstained from all
ich doings, and, it is to be hoped, will al. /
ays continue so to abstain. One of the
st things that a Bank ought to do, is to
come a buyer and seller of produce.
ihenever Banks turn out speculating,
ey depiart from their legititatate sphere of
~tion, tind the farmers of the country may
ways expect to become sull'erers. The
anks in this State,are expressly prohibit
Iiromn dealing in any thing but promissa
noutes, hills of exchange, and gold and
Iver. Well would it have beetn for the
tople of the South WVest anid WVest if
eir Banks had been placed uder a like
-ohibition. Jn ilhat case there would have
ten no ground for such complaints as we
e in the following article:-West. Car.
"SPECULATING BANKS.--Great corn
aints atro made in several' parts of the
kuntry that certain- banks have abandon
|thbeir legitimate business, and entered
e field of speculation in competition with
a merchants. The Chicago Branch of
e illinois Bank, has entered extensively
to the palrk speculations. By withhold
gall accomamodations from the mer- -
ants, it has a vast amount of money at
control, and is enabled completely to
onopolize the nmarket. No one else hay-.
g mnoney, the farmers are compelled to
spose of their pork to the bank, or keep
and the Bank can set its own price.
ier it gets the property in its possession,
can hold it uniti purchasers are obliged
pay its exorbitant demands.
"Biddle set the example,by speculating
"The Wisconsin Bank has become the
onopoiser of lead. The people of that
arritory assert that it is the greatest
re that was ever inflicted upon any
"Several of the South-Western Banks
ye also converted themselves into spec
tors,to thae etnrichmnent of themselves
d the de.truetion of all around them."
WERNM ENT OF S. CAROLINA.
kTRICK NOBLE, Governor'& Comn
K. H ENA GAN, Lient. Governor.
.L ADoRDE, Secretary of State.
II. Satxos, Surv'eyor General,
:. E. H AvNE, (comptroller General.
a. LAA, Treasurer lower Division.
sePli Bra~ca, TIreasurer upper Divisin.
G. MILts, Superinitendent of Public
Chaancellors in Equity.
m. Harper, .Job J->hnson, .
ivid Johnson, Benj. F. Dunkin,
Associate Judges in Courts of Lawt."
Gatntt, B. J. E arle,
S. Richardson, J. J. Evans,
P. Butler, J. B. O'Neale.