Newspaper Page Text
FOR THE ADVE.RTiNER.
Mount Vernon, May 20, 1839.
You will oblige us country people by pub.
lishing the following attempt at poetry. Al
though it is with great deference to the Charles
ton perfected taste of our Lords-the Ladies'
that we give our consent to the intention, if not
to the conclusion of the poet.
" Of all the ills the greatest is untold,
The book-learned wife in Greek and Latin
The critic dame who at her table sits.
Homer and Virgil courts and weighs their
She climbs the grammar-tree, distinctly
Where noun, or verb, or participle grows!
She has so far th' ascendant of the Board,
The prating pedant scarce puts in a word
Let mine, ye Gods! if such must be my thte,
No logic learn-no history translate;
But rather be an humble, quiet foo.
I hate a wife to whom I go to school."
THE NJVEL READER.
She slumbered in the rocking chair
She occupied all day;
And in her lap, half opened there,
The last new novel lay.
Upon the hearth the dying brands
Their latest radiance shed;
A flaring candle near her stands, '
Witha crown about its head.
Her hair which long uncrimpt had been,
Was hanging loosely round,
A single curl by a crooked pin
On the side of her head was bound.
aer gown, it had heen white, I ween,
But white it was not then;
Ber ruffles too had once been clean,
. And might be so again.
One slip-shod foot the fender prest,
The other sought the floor,
And folded o'er her heaving breast
A dull red shawl she wore.
The flickering light is fading fast,
Yet cares not she for mortal things,
For in her busy brain,
The novelist's imaginings
Are acted o'er again.
But while in this delicious nap
Ber willing sense is bound,
The book escaping from her lap,
Fals lImbering to the ground. -
She wakes, but 'tis, alas, to see
The candle's quivering beam
Nor in the blackened coals can she
Revive one friendly gleam.
Then groping through the passage far,
She steals with noiseless tread,
And leaving every door a-jar,
!* Creeps shivering to bed.
P ET R A.
"Also Edom shall be a desolation, every one
that goeth by it shall be astonishetd. and shall
* hisat all the plagues thereof" "-Jeremiah, c, 49.
* verse 17.
"There shall not be any remaining of the
house of Esau; for the Lord hath spoken it.
Obadiah, v 17.
'-Silence reigns all around, save when the
solhtary owl now and theta utters her plaintive
"The bramble sometimes overtops the sum
Iuit of the edifices, extenads itself over the corni
ces, and covers the base of the columns, while
the corrosion of the waters tends to has'ten the
progress of decay ''-Journey thrnt:h Arabia
Petrcea, &c.,.the excavated city of l'etra, the
Edoma of the Prophiecis.-By M. Leon de La
Far in the wilds of Araby,
A silent desert lies;
Rarely a footstep passes by
Where only sound the cries
Of the wild birds, whose weary note
On lonely echo dies.
And wide are spread the dreary plains;
The pilgrim journeys on,
-There a soul-chilling silence reigns,
Where ruin rears her throne;
And the wild Arab pauses not
O'er wrecks of ages gone.
And where is Petra--Edotm's crown,
Where are her wise, her great, her fair?
Long, long ago, to dust gone down,
-Are the old dwellers there;
And ivy clothes and bramble shades,
The dustof things that were!
And far the rocky hills divide,
A winding path the wanderer treads,
Where high above on either side,
The caverned homes are spread, .
The mystic vale of many tonibs,
The empire of the dead!.
A time will comewhen Judah's race,
Again shall gathered he,
And build their ancient dwelling place .
*From mount, and isle, and s;
Noprmie ivsfor thee. lis
The el's cry, the, owl's deep note,
Is heaiinthee for ever;-i
The raven's plaint, from towers remote,
Wherjo revisits never;
-No time, no change may sever I
In thee the man of many woes
-Lamented o'er hiis treasures gone;
- While resignation's prayer arose
Before the chastener's throne,
When the tried shepherd cieftain pour'd
. 'Bs melancholy moan!
Oh, lonely Sier! the breezes sigh
Thy rocky solitudes among,,
And mingled with the eagic's cry,
Repeat thy funeral song;
AndI echoes wild forever there,
Froi the Fariper and Gardener.
Facts and Calculations Illustrating the
importance of the Silk Culture.
We find the following article, on a sub
ject of-much importance. in a late num
her of the "Camden Mail." We com
mend it to general perusal as it possesses
an interest which should he participated
in by every one who his a wish to im
prove his fortunes.
Mr. Editor.-In my last communica
tion. I promised to furnish some facts to
show that very great improvements may
be made by changing a portion of the ag
cultural and manufacturing products ol
this country. Perhaps Your readers wil
say that my first looks well 'n theory, bu
assertion is not argument; and will stil
douht its practicability. Will you, Mr
Editor, be so good as to lay before then
some extracts from a report of a commit.
ree to a meeting held in Philadelphia it
1837, at which the establishment of a com
pany for the production and manufacture
of silk was resolved upon.
The committee say. "The periods of the
year in which the silk worm is fed, and
when only the attention of the farmer atn
his family is required for their care and
management, are ihose. in which the tusal
labors of the farm are, for a great portiiri
of tbose periods, not very great: and the
large amount of the attention si inidustry
which are required by silk worms wher
feeding and mking the cocoon. are mos
properly furnished by females. and chal
dren from t% 'elve to sixteen years old.
In the winter season, the family fire sidt
of the farmer, now comp:aratively withoui
employment. may be engaged ini reeling
the silk from the cocoons, a most agreea
ble and profitable occupation for that part
of the year." . ,
"A large amount of free labor will be
brought into employ, and the domestic sill
trade of the North, will one lay rival thai
of cotton, rice, and tobacco at the South.'
"Three thousand good cocoons make
one pound reeled silk; at that rate, tl
reeling being done at the manufactory, thi
silk will cost about three dollars per lb -
When cocoons are produced in abund:ance
the committee are disposed to believe thai
at twelve cents per pound. the ,-sising
them will be as profitable as the raising oil
rotion at at 25 cts."
"The estimate is made with confidence,
that an establishtent for the manufactur.
of silk into plain and ordinary article", will
cost no more than about one-eighth of a
cotton factory. to turn out the satne nutis
her of dollars worth of work, and with
equal, if not greater profit."
"The present prices of raw silk are.
Beneal. $5 25 to $6; Italian $6 50 to $7
6Floss and sewing silk, made from flen
gal silk would cost-raw material, say $5
25cents-d ying. manufacturing and waste
81 50 per Ih. of 14 oz.-36 7-.. Thee
articles are new worth-sewing silk $10
toS l; Floss I1 to 12."
"The amount of silk used in the United
States is immense. To manufacure e
nough of this article to supply the- demand
almost any amount of capital might he
employed with little cost of machinery.
It has been ascertained, one year to be
Dr. Lardner estimates the annual quan
tity of silk used in England alone, at more
than four millions of pounds of weight.
Owing to the humidity of their climate
they are obliged to purchase this vast a
m~ount abroad: the amount of silk used in
the United States would soon quiadruple
even the vast quantity now 'ised in En
gland were i to become generally an arti
cle otf domestic manufneture.
We will tturn our attention to a commu
nication of Robert Sinclair, ptubbshed in
the Farmer and Gardener, and the re
marks of the Editor thereon. The. sub
stance of Mr. Sinelair's commtunication is,
from the first year's growth of the mortts
mtulticaulis "he raised from cut rings of one
hud each, about three inches. per acre.10,
080 pounds of leaves, the first seasom from
cuttings-and a large pnortion of these
lenves were prodtuced in season for teed
ing the second crop of worms "
The Editor remarks, that as 1000 lbs.
feed 201.600 worms, and as 3000 worms
will make a pound of silk, so will the ag
gregate make 67 1-5 lbs. of silk.
.SILK CULTUR E.
From a communication of Lomuel Cobb
in the New England. Farmer, it appears
that Messrs.Cheney, ofConnecticut, rais
ed silk at the rate of 50 lbs. to the acre.
from the first years growth of 'he mbrus
muhticaulis, pla'nted itn layers. Dr- L ard
ner, the editor of the Cabinet Cvelopedia.
in his history of silk, states that it proved
"pot only practicable, but profitable in
Connecticut, where land was compara
tively high rented, but where careful and
intelligent white laborers might he pmo
cured." Here then is evidence enough
combined to convince the most sceptical,
not only that it can be produced, but that
by substituting the culttvation of the mul
berry tree- for some of our comparatively
small crops, we might receive in nett profit
at least ten fold.; If, from cuttings we
may the first year raise 50 lbs. of silk, in
the after years we may generally raise
100 Ibs, as we .tay then gather two crops
of leaves in one season. This, as has been
showtn by prices of foreign silk, would be
from 425 to y00 dollars per aere, or tn
sewing, $1000 two-thirds of which must
be nett profit. I ask, atgain, farmners.wkhy
do we import or buy 25 or 26.000,000 dol
lars worth of silk per annum? Why not
supply our oen market? Why not, in
stead of gazing at a few nabobs with their
"gold shining through their silken purses,"
see ottr entire population of all ages, sexes
and classes, as well clad, as those yellow
shiners; or as "in the widely spread region
raf China, where all from the Etmpermr'on
his throtne, to the peasant in his lowly hut,
are indebted for their clothing to the labors
rif the silk wortt.;" and why nor do some
thing toward supplying the foreign mar
.From the Silk Culturisit.
Tosmwro.-TIhere is perhaps no vege
able of equal value so little knownj and
:ukrivated in this country, althoutgh we are
bappy to observe that it is rapidly coming
nto norie.- T'hcre is no vegetable. - -ie
produced, none that better rewards the la
bors of the planter.
It has been in use as an article of luxu
ry, either raw or stewed, in soups or fri
cassees, for gravy or catsup, for pickles or
sweetneats,-in the Southern part of the
European continent. In France and Ita
ly.as well -is in many of our eastern cities,
the tonatoe or !ove-apple is highly rel
ished and extensively employed an various
culinary preparations. They are es
teetned by all. salutary as an article of diet,
and I am acquainted with some instances
annag my acquaittance. atid with nany
others through the medium of different
publications, in which the free use ofthem
was followed by a rapid and permanent
convalescence from disease of the liver.
Indeed as a diet:-tic luxury, its utility is so
great and so varied, that few who have
once adopted its use, can be prevailed up
on to dispense with it.
The tomatop plant is a native of the
tropical parts of our continent, but will
flourish in our latitude on a good soil.with
very little expense of time and labor -
The plant of the larger varieties grows
lixuriantly and bears enormons qoanti
ties of fruit. It is stated by the Ohio Far
mer that a man nie.ir the city of New
York received $1,800 for the tomatoes he
produced from half an acre, in 1836
They may be proluced from the seed in
the open air on a warm soil, but in order
to have them in season. ind the fruit fine
atid well matured the seed should he start
ed in a hot bed, and transplanaed as soon
as the weather will admit. If you sow
the seed in the open garden let it be done
as early in the sprint as may he without
endangering the young plant to injury from
frost. Son in rows, or plant in hills a
hout two, two and a half, or three feet
apart, according to the size'of the variety,
or the fertility of the soil. If they come
np too thick, thin them out. Three or
four stalks are sufficient for each bill.
Keep free of weeds, and stir the ground
occasionally, and they will grow with
great rapidity. As the plant is of thetrail
itg kind, they will require to he supported
on a frame of some kiud,w 'en the branch
es become so large as to settle on the
ground, iit order that tle fruit may be more
folly exposed to the sun and air. Such
exposure will greatly promote the per
lertion of the fruit. A few hills on a rich
soil will supply a small family. From 7
hills of the large red totnatoe, cultivated
last summer on a black muck wheeled in
to my garden, I picked one and a quarter
bushels of fruit.
New Spring and Sunnmer
TUi HE Subscriber informs his friends and
"the pubhc generally, that he has just re
cented iromt New York, a complete assort
ment of Stapie and Faaicy, Spring and Sum
mer Goods-among which are,
3-4 4-4 5-4 and 6-4 browtn & bleached Shirt
ings and Sheetings, *
A handsome assortmentlightcol'd Prtnts.
50 pieces tight col'rd Londoik do.
French prints and prit.ted Jabtonet,
Mourning and half mourning prints and
Super printed Lawns,
4-4 and ,-4 Cambrics and cambric Muslins,
Swiss and book 11 uslins,
Jaconet. plaid anid stripe do.
Lyonnaise and brocade do.
Ladies and gent's-white and black, silk H. S.
and kit Gloves,
" "Cotton and thread do.
" "Misses black and white nett,
Lace and Gauze do.
A handsome assortment of gauze and satin,
aid Mantua Ribbons.
Best Italian sewings, black, blue biack, and
assorted by the quantity,
llem-siichaed, an-i super linen camabric Hkfs.
Men's and boys Pongee do.
Ladies' gauze, Hernani, gro-de-nap and sew
ing silk Hkf's.
4-4 Irish linens and linen lawnt,
Plain, itnserted and fillted bosoms and linena
8-4 and 10-4 table diaper, 3-4 birds eye and
6.4 84.4 and 10-4 damask table covers,
French napkins & towels,
French brownm and grass Linens.
White and brown linen Drillinigs
Super rib'd do.
A variety of Cotton do. col'd. and striped for
Cases of palm leaf ad willow Hoods,
Entglisha Devon straw Bonnets,
A large assortmtent of silk and cotton hose
and half H ose,
3-4 and 4-4 plaid and stripted domestic,
Silk, satin, and Marseilles Vesting,
Parasols and Umbrellas.
Furniture, ditaity atad fringe,
Blac~k bombazines antd mermnos for Coats,
Parih needle wttrkdl muslin cape's & collars,
t'rench baskets. bleached Russia Sheetines.
Any thing like a aeneral enumeration ofar
ticles is impt1racticaxble; but these in additiotn to
his. t ortner stock, make it sufficiently extensive,
and he trusts his prices are sutfficiently moder
ate to be worthy the attention ot all who wash
to sumpply thaemselv'es with artic-les in his line.
His former ettstomers and all who btuy in than
atrket, will do hitm, tatnd perhtaps themselves
a favor, by examining his assortment before
purhasng. JOHN 0. B FORD.
Hambura. March 1:4. 1939. 7 tf
'I HIE Subscribers uave jutst received frotm
..New York. a general assortment of
Sprotg and Suammer Goods, otf the latest and
most fashionable articles in their litne. -
They consist in part of:
Gros d'etats, Thibet, French cloths, Gain
Grass lineta and linen drillings, for Sum
Cassimere, Chally Vestings, Stocks,
Collars, Bosoms,.Gloves, Suspenders,
Fine Hats, nad Umbrellas.
-They keep constantly ott hanad, a general
asstortment of M ILITA RY TRIM MINGS, of
all kindst and they ate prepared to execute all
orders with despatch.
They invite thIeir customers, and the public
generally, to call and examnine for themcselves
HARRINGTON & BRYAN.
Edgefiead C. H. A pril 1, 1839 tf 9
New Spring & Summner
'MJODS.-The subtscriber having just re
.Jturnted from Charleston, ist now receiv
ing a.id opening a general and complete assort
ment of l' ancy and' Staple
which have beetn selected with gretat care, and
'will be disp..sed of, on as reasnable tetrms, as
anty in this mnarket H" re'spectfully invites
hais otld enstomters, anal all whto amay fe~el dispo
sed, to call nad e amino his Stock.
S. A. DOWD.
ill be published in Augusta, Ga. on the fist
Saturday of October, 1u3J, the Jirst number
of a ieeldy Journal, to be called
The Nontherns Pioneer:
Devoted to the Liieratur. , institiun and
Amu-e...euts at the . ouni.
Baows e, UUsHXEY& .M CCAFFE RTY. Publislers,
CHARIES %YATT RICE, Lditor.
HE South is the naturalhome 01 Literature.
She has ever been so. Heomer strolled
and sung under the rays of tile feirvid suit; Ita
ly and Greece, have, from thi ir first waiemnng
iIto being as civilized niMons, ancordeni their
Poets and Orators. The Literary pilgrim
ever bends his step to the South of* Luropt, as
his most favored shrine; while there, fond me
iories throng to his mind, of the epic strains of
Homner, the soothing me-asures of th Mantuan
$%%an, the exulting odes of' Horace and the
biting sarcasms ofJuvenal. While in later
times reeling to the memory of' the fearflul
strains of Dante, the epic measures of the mad.
man Tasso, the soft strains, of Petrauch, and
the pleasieg im- ges of i'occacio. And while
thus fondly recallii.g to memo:y all these. e
remeinbe'rsthai thr- diewtnaeir inspira;io r- om
the fervid sun of ftaly and Greece. He feeds
in the balmy air lie breathes, in tue brilliant
heavens that form the canopy above im. in
the brilliancy ofthe sun-set thatglows in the noi
zoni,and in the tints that iie air and eaime spread
over the earti. the inspiratien that formed and
developed the genius of tiose whom he now so
duch food for inspiration does the Literary
pilgrim find on the classic shores of Italy and
Greece, and under the fervid sun of the Sooth.
And is it puss'ible that a kindred cime in the
Western Hemisphere presents no paralel to
this? Do the same vun. the sane brilliacy of
the canopy of the clouds. the same glorious
sun-set. the-ame rich tints upon the landscapre
aftford no inspiration herei A wilder, a more
abrupt scenery than Italy or Greece can boast.
speak in living tones to their behoiders. While
with these an Italian softness of landscape upon
th- Ashley. the Savannah, and other favorite
treams, gloIous waterfalls and streaming eass
cades, tire every where claimii:g their worship
pers in those who dwell among them. And do
all these afford no inspiration? They do in
spire; they have sp oken in the eloquent teanes of'
the Rutledges and Pinckneys of the Revolition;
they have spoken in the iilished pages of n
Grimke; they are now speaking in the stratis
of a Charlton aGillman, Wilde. Simms.Meek.
Butt, Pendleton, Tickior. Wittick. in the fhtith
ful scenes of a Longstreet, and in the vivid
sketehes of a Strong. Ware, lIorrow, and Mi.
ragne. Aye, more, they are speaking ii the
thousands of the young, who cast back to the
mountains, the waterfalls and the streams,their
inspirationt in living tones, and whose ivild
songs through rare publications sometimes star
the the public ear. They do speak in these
thousand who with a proper medium for
commmicating their thoughts to the public,
would electrify the world by their eloquent
notes. Nor does the South lack for inspira
tin)ii in her historic incidents. A briefreference
in the mind of each individual to the strikintg
itcidents in the early history of each of the
Southern States, will convinece him that they
afford rich matetials from which the ready pen
may draw for amusement aid instruction. But
more than till these do the leisure and oppor
tunities for mental cultivation that her domestc
institutions afford her citizens, presenr strone
grounds of belief that the South is des
tined to becomue the centre of lit' rary interest.
As this leisure and this opportutity for me'ntal
cultivation find no parallel in sanyother country
it is nitiral to believethatthe South is destined
to beceeme to the world in a new era whi,
Greece was to the world in the old.
This is our profession of faith. We believe
in a word, that no part of the world has greater
literary resources within herself, or is better
calculated from her natural scenery, the pecu
liarities of her climate. the leisure of her citi
zens, and her general advantages, to become an
eminently literary community, than the .outh
era States of this confederacy. This is the
platf'orm oin which we intend to raise a IFeekly
Journal, to which Southere writers shall delight
'o contribute, and which the whole South shall
be proud to claim as its own. Believing most
firmly that success will attenid our exertions, no
effort will be spared to deaw from evemy portion
of' the Seutth, contributieons UPON Cve'ry suibje'ct
which, while they shall be of a lhigh character,
shall ever range
"From grave to gay, from lively to severe."
We believe that the institututions of the
South are founded in the immutable laws of' the
God of 'eatuere. We believe that on them will
be built a fabric of glory aned greatness to thme
South. We believe especially thaut they af
ford to the Seeuthern States the mean. of' otut
strippiing the rest of' the n oeh in their literary
career. And we kneew that these are times of
lpeculiar danger to these institutions; we know
thatthey are'now aittacked Iby the insidions foe'
as well as by the op en enemy. We shall there
fore place our Journal as a sentinel on the
watehi-teower eof Seouthiern institutions, ever
watchifui for attacks, and ever ready toe repel
We delight in the amusemeits and holidays
of the South. We gleory in :heem as fit aemuse
ments for a people generous and brave, quick
ini their impulses, and shtuimo sluggishness.
We delight in the gun and chase. We hail
merry old Christmas aned its cheerful .sports as
old friends anid triue, '-etting the brow free from
care, making the bosoms of men to glow with
cheerfutl anid friendly emotions, calling friends teo
the festive bioard anid to the excheange of' kind
thoughts tand sentiments, aend sending till away
to run en joyfulness theeir cocurse of duty until
the inevitations to joy and mirth tare again re
newed. Tne pages of' the l'mosfEER will, there
fore be enlivened with lively cherotnicles of' ex
pleoits in the spoerts of the field, aiid withspirited
skeices of dee fun and frolic that merry olid
Clam istmas lers loose upon us. Wee will nelso, in
eorder' tee please all, give ai weekly abstact of die
most importanct news of the day. And for the
fair practisers upon the Piano oe Guitar, shell
occasionally embe'llish ocur pages with original
and selected Ml uit.
It is a fortunate circuemstanc'e for the interest
of a work of this nature, that the field of Litera
ture at the ~South is, as yet, compairatively tin
triodden. The Literary resources of the South
great as they are acknowvledged toe be. are as)y et
comparatively unmdeveleoped. E'very greave,
river, dale and mountain has vet its tale to tell.
We therefore send our J ournial forth as a Pio
nteer to gather the riches Orthis nw country.
From every hill, date, river and moutntain, he
will return laden with rich stores. These
stores, original and varied in their eanter, as
they mast be, he will be proud to displsey for
the amusement aiid instruction oif heis re'aders.
We ask for him a kind reeptieen at the hands of'
all frends of the cause in which he has em
Having thus detailed the plan of our future
operations, we commend our hiebdomnedal to
(we trust) die favorable tnotice oefithe d'outhern
public. We devote ourselves toe the neork. as
our proefession. One the verge of mauehood, ae:d
of a liberal education, we hlad a proessiioin to
chose; after mature dlelibe'ratione we have chosen
this, because wL delight in the ernip-oymne .t,
anid are devotedl to the cause for the fiurthieranice
nf which the work is established. No cnueoemo
obstacle, therefore, will tun ns aside from our
inourse. Btc havineg chiosetn the editin:: of te
Pioneer, and through it the promeoetion of~ South
ern Literature, us the work of our lif'e, we shall
relhnquish it onaly wvithe our breath. Th'le public
nay therefore d epeend on having a peermanent
svork. And wvhilewi wecoiumen'd our she~et to
0in favor nf the public, ge..ralny. wc, c......_d
it particularly to tha kind charities of that band
who havalinked the- se.ves together for the aJ
vancement of that cai.se towhich we devote the
work. They have acted with us in the past;
we trust they n i.1 act with us in the future. \o
exertioms will be slared te make the w% ork such
an ne as they will look up..n with delight.
It ma\ he wel to add that th. nterveni g
tame bei w, en tIis date ano the day of puiblica
tio. , will be spent in collcting materials foa the
The PIONEER will be printed on an imperial
sheet, in quarto form, and will contain a g eater
quamity of read in matter han any work of the
kina, published ai the South.
'erus.-Five dollars per annum, payable on
the issuing of the 1st No. Peroins sendiny its
ten subscribers, will be entitled to one year's
\gents allowed the usual per rentage.
Augusta Ga., May, 1839.
FO IEVIVINti THE
T itiL 8tiscriber, im jroposii:g the re-es
tabliSianem of tiw Soutiern Revi- w,
deems it unnecessaRy to refer to the history of
tnat work, which is alread m tie poss-ssion of
the public, or to dwell on the high estimation in
which it was field both at home and abroad du
rang ilhe period of its continuance. Sutlice it
to say, thartts career, though brief, was, as all
adnt, brilliant-creditable to the .iouth and to
the whole wmnerivan Union. Its fIailure- the
subject of universal regret-was owing, it is
well known. nut to a destituton off talent and
public spirit, but arose 1st, front its limited cir
culatiota, which was by no means adequate to
sustain a work of such magnitude, and 2ndly,
froum the politicaiuiflierences which agitated the
countr% about the time of its discominuance,
dividitag the friends of Southern Literature in
to two great parties. and preventing that har
imony of opinion and -o-operatioin in the dis
cussion or leading questions. which is desirable
in a work professedly devotetd to the cause of
the South and the whole South.
It is proper to consider first, the utility of
Reviews, regarded as torgans of the literary'spi
rit and opinions of the age. and se.-ondly, the
importatice and necessity of establishing such
- work at the Sou:h. at the p: esent time. On
the first point, it is scarcelv taccessary to say
much, in the present advatied stage of period
ical literature. Ably conducted lieviews are
the offspring of a high state or rivilization. and
are the best evidence. now-a-days. that can be
furnished of intell--etual advancement, and the
prevalence of a pire and elevated philosophy.
rhe last hahf centur, has produced few ai
thors of emini.ce. either in Great Britain or
America, tm comparison with the half c. iury
that prece-ded it, and the reasoii probably is, not
that there has been a want ofgenin, talent and
scholarship in this confessedly intellectual age.
but simply because distinguished scholars have
f'iund a readier and a better oraan through
which to act directly on the public mind in Re
vie ws, than through the medium of books-the
old. more tedious and more expensive method.
If therefore, it be asked, what evidence is or
can be furnished of the superior intelligence
and progress of the present century-a pro
gress of which wa- are so apt to hanat- the re
ply is that it is to be found in the high character
of the .uarterly Revie-ws abroad and at bome.
It it be affirmed, that we have no native liteia
ture in this country, aid therefore no materials
to furnish the rolinld work for Reviews, the an.
swer is. that our Reviews constitute- our native
literature, and that if learning and scholarship
are-sought for, they are to be found in our Re.
views, which therefore should be warmly and
firmly sipported, as an evidence, and a fair one,
of our literary pretensionis tand our national
character. liesidaes, no one cause. it may be
safely aflirmed, has contributed so much to eli
eit talent, to awaken literary ambition, and to
produce the highest order of fine and powerful
writing, as the estnblishment of hRe'views; ani
namay individuals have been stimulated to ex
traordinary efforts, and have been subseqnently
known far and wide to fame, iai consequence Of
the opportmities they have enjoyed and imp ro
ved, of contributing successfullv to works of so
influential and highly respaectable a charactet
individuals. who, otherwise, in all probabilitv.
would never have been tempted to test the'ir
straength on the literarv arena with such compet
itors as they would be' likely to meet there.
The great aim of Reviews is. to discuss innb
jects leatrnedhy,thoroughly,procitdidy-.in such
a mannier as to bear upon the whole social sys
tenmand pro.:mice a broad. dee p and permanenlt
imphressiona upon the general character of a peo
tale: In one word, their object is to ditffise
know ledge, not to foster prejudices-ro crea -.
direct and control-nut to .echo opinilons-to
produce beneficial echanges upon a large scak
--not to perpetuate or 'een tolerate existing a
buizms. It as obvious, therefore, that wvhile, ini
the infincy of Amearican literature, a spiirit aof
indailgenr-e has beeni felt and extended to the
faults of our linthter periodicals, which are rap
idly issued from the pr.'ss, anad whichl have
setved as vehicles often for the attempts of the
amere lite ry debuitant, Quarterly Reviews,
havuing higher aims to accomplish, and intend
ing to represent amnd embody, i h otpw
eran and attractive frteopinions oily oaf
fte most enlightened minads should he con
dhucted with a scrupa!ous regard to the purest
priaiciples of tiaste, nnd to the elevation ai'id ad
vancemenit of otir literary and national char
In respect to the importance and necessity of
"stablishitng such a work at the South at the
present time. thyre can be little doubt in lie
minds of ouir-discerning amid pubhlic spirited
citizens. We must have such a work, or full
behinad the spirit of the age. which is of a pre
e'minently ingmaistive' anal ente-rprising chiarac
ter, and the Soutah should have such a wvork,mot
on front nmotives of literary pride and enmila
iion, in order to keep pace iith the respectable
aidvances afthe aither wide, inutelligeni, and thri
ving sectins of the A merican republlic, bitt also
heriause the South has. a: thme preseant perioid es
pecmilly, cert ain great amnd leading interests of
its owna to promote, which ecan be most effectu
ally subserved through the instrumenatality of
such a periodical. It is not necessary to riuise
the wvar cry against other portions of ihae Union
who may 'feel disposed, as they ofleni do, to dif
fer from us in their views of our agricultural,
comminerc-ial and political itnterests, but it is im
portanat, highly so. that we should take our
southern position firmly in the presenat attitude
oa'our national afiairs: that our piosition should
be clearly known and understood, both att home
anad abroad; that we should be reamdy to defend
ourselves aid our institutions friam till covert or
open anaits; that we shiould mnaintaint the prin
ciples of the Federal Constiitutioni ini its origin
al iamentioni, with ai firm and unflinching spirit,
umnd puromote the cause oif a puire anid eleviated
literature by all tihe itnducemnents that can lie
held out to stitulate the amibition and pride of
intelligenf and chivalric people. *
Propositions have been frequently made here
tnfore for the revival of die Soumtha-rn Review,
which amnfortunmately have not beent crowvned
withI the success thai was hoped or anticipated
for the'm. Differeni causes have heeni assignaed
ror the fai'iure of these pro ects, lbmt the le-aditis
amne mundoubtedly is, the neglecting ito avail our
selves of a very havorable state of dhe public
flaeing by folhinitg map wvell digested pltans
Lytha vigorous and contcerted action. We have'
mt stilt-folded our hanads anal closed our eye's,
ind then have complamed oaf unive-rsal aipathy,.
[a is believed, that at tha present tnomnent,a veiy
feeip. general and earniest de aire. pervades thie
Soutthern commutnity. or at any rate. th. most
oinflential-tiortiont of it, tat re-establish and phice
m a:mpertmanentfotnndation, a ttuarterty Review
if the highest order. If the subscriher can eni
ist this feelinte in his hant li winl hma ..c..
son to aiticipate the most flattering succes,
otherwise his - forts will be vain.
It is proposed thai each number of the con
temlatedl work shall contain at least two hun
dred and filly octavo pages of original matter,
printed in the best style of the American res.
Twenty-nfv- hundred or three thona~ suh.
scribers at five dollars annually, the mnney be
i, g paid. would yield an amount suffiicient to
establish the 'vork, and af'ord a handsome re.
muneration to writers for literary labor. A
strong appeal is made to the public spirited
citizens of the South, and also ofthe West and
Sonth West, already united to us by strong ties
in a commercial and agricultural point of view
-in behalf of the proposed work.
DANIEL K. WHITAKER.
Charleston, S. C., April 14). 1839
- tate of -outh Carolina
IN THE COUMON PLEAS.
Win. Brunson, vs. Foreign AUachtcent.
William Drum, Debt.
T H. Plaintiff iii this case having,onthe 11th
of September, filed his declaration in the
Clerk's Office, and the Defendant having no
wife or at'orinev,known to be inthis State, upon
whom a copy of the said declaration may be
served: It is therefore ordered, that the said De
flendant do ap ar and make his defence within
a year and a day, from the filing of the said dec
laration, or final and absolute judgment will be
awarded to the said Plaintiff.
GEO. POPE, C. C. P.
Clerk'spffice. Sept 11, 1838 eq 33
State of South Carolina.
IV THE COMMON PLEAS.
Robbins & Conner, ?
vs Assumpsit Attachment.
Wm. Yarborough. i
T HE Plaintiff, in this case, having this day
filed his declaration, and the Defendant
having neither wife nor attorney within this
State, upon whom a copy of said declaration
can be served; Ordered, that the Defendant.
plead thereto within a year and a day from thia
publication. or the said action will be taken pro
confesso against him. ,
GEO. POPE, c. c. r.
Clerk's Office, Oct 24, IN8 daq 43
State of --outh C"arolina.
IN THE COMMON PLEAS.
John Middleton. -
vs. FoREIGN ATrAcHiENT.
I H L Plaintiff in the above case having
. this day filed his declaration, and the De
fendant having no wife or attorney known to
he within the State, upon whom a copy of said
declaration, with a nile to plead could be serv
ed: It is Ordered, that the said Defendant do
appear and make his,defence in the aforesaid
action, within a year and a day, from this date,
or final and absolute judgment will be awarded
GEORGE POPE, c. c. v.
Clerk's Office, Nov. 1, 1838 dq 40
ftate of mouth C'arolina.
- IN THE COMMON PLEAS.
Wade Speed. surviving partner
of Watkins& Speed, for the .-Attachment,
use of John Watkins, in
vs - Debt.
Ado'phts J. Sale. -.. .
John Watkins, Adrnr. of H.If. Attachment
vs. Same. Assumpsit,
F. Plaintiffs, in the above stated case,
TEhaving filed their declaration' in imy
fice, on the twenty-second day of November,
1838, and the defendant having no wife or at
torney known to be in this State, upon whom
a ropy of the said declarations can be served:
therefore Ordered, that the said defendant do
appear and make his defenee within a year and
a day from the filing of the said declarations, or
final and absolute judgments will be awarded
JNO. F. LIVINGSTON, c. c P.
Clerk's Ojfice. .
Feb 14. 1838 ~wa& $10 age 3
Stater of outh (Carolina.
IN THE COMMON PLEAS.
- iuak S. Anthony
vs Attachment: Debt..
idolphuns J Sale.
vs Attachment: Assumpuita
Adolphus I. Sale.
Speed & Hester, '
.ttrvivihg partners, 1,Attachment:
vs - ( Debt.
\dolphus J. Sale.J
Thle Pluaintifs in the above cases having,
aon thte twenty-second of November, 1638,
fWed their declarations -in my Office, and the
defeadatnt having no wife or attorney known to
lbe in this State, upon whom a copy of'the dec
Iaration. with a special order of the Court en
dorsed thereon, can be served: therefore Or
dered that thec said Adolphus J. Sale, do appear
and make his defence, within ayear and a day
from the filing of the declaratior -s aforesaid,'
or final and absolute judgment will be forth
with given and awarded against him.
JNO. F. LIVINGSTON, c. c. v.
rebl14. 1839 a $10' age 3 .
J W. W~imbish-, Admr.
David Cobb, Thomas Cobb. et al.
UT appearing to my satisfaictio:n ta John C.
.UBerginer and wife Eliza, formerly Eliza
Cobb, defendants in this case. reside without'
the limits of this State:- On motion of Bellin
ger. solicitor for complainant, Ordered that saiid~
absent flefendants do plead, answer, or dear
to the -comnplainant's btil. within three month.
from the publication of this order, or the said
bill will be taken pro confesso, aainst them.
Co~4onr's J. TERRY, c.n E .D.
Edgefield. March 8. 1839 6 875 ttc 6.
-denice in Pottersville,
of ahont 14 acres of good
"i p.mss Land-a part nt cleared. On
ry and a half high, with five rooms-a large
framed Kitchen and Smoke-house--ah. excel.
lent Well of pure water. For particulars en
qutire at this ','flice.
Feb 14, 1839) tf 2
MY HOUSE and LOT. in ie Village o
IV1dgefield,nupon terms to suit a purchaser
In my absence,apply to Col. Bauskett.
A pril 19 if 10
AjL L persons inudebted to the Estate of iri]
eyH !Jcrry, deceased, are requested toa
muake immediate payment: and those hving do
mands against thie said Estate, are requested to
present them dtuly attested.
Fbl.SAS'ilEL. STEVENS, M4m'.