Newspaper Page Text
From the Globe, May 30.
Faon FLoawaI-- gives us great pleas
tare to tate the arri'al at the seat ot Gov
crietnt of Major General Macomb, who
has succeeded in pacilyitg the Indians ot
Florida. and has made such an arratige
went with them as will ellectutilly ut aI
stop to the further eion of blood in that
Territory. The country to be occupied
provisionally by the ludians is bituated be
'yond all former settlements, and the cor
don of posts established across the penin
sula from New Smyrn to Tampa Bay,
will be furnished with a snficient number
of tro)ops to ensure the faithful observance
of the terms dictated by Gen. Macomb,
both of the whites and the red meti.
Lato despatches rceived fromn Fort
Gibson aunced that. Gen. Arbuckle
and the superintendent of adiino afliuirs,
Ueu. Armstrong0, had in pursuaunce of im
structiols from the Secretary of War,
made an arranietient for the future per
manent establishment of the Semtiuoles,
perfectly satisfactory to Micaitopy and o
ther chtefs. and that the Seminoles now i
tbe West, were about to remove there.
Uead Quarters of the Army of the U. S.
FT. KIao, Florida,May -.
Snowing the slowness of the taaus im
performing any matter of national iimpor
tauce, I did not yield to the general belief
that none would attend to my nivilatiotn,
and I had the gratification to r'eceive a % is
it from a young chief of considerable im
portauce, accompanied by seven active
- .warriors. I explained to the chief, the oh
ject of my mission, telling hin that his
great father (the Presidtet) was sorry that
Lhere had been so much fighting between
his white and red children, and that for
their good he recommended to themt ;o
cease firing on each other,and make peace.
The chief expressed hirm,.elf grea tl. d.
lighted at the prospect ot peace. I told
-in that if the whole naton would reire
bAow Pease Creek, that iootilitits would
c.ase, and that they miht tenim i: e -,
until furiber arran..uents oamd tie ia-ie.
He again expressed hliis gladnest. al hear
ing what I said. and promised that lie
would take my commuicanion :u priadal
it around, being persuaded that it would
be well received by all his people. In a
few days, after; he collected a consilerable
party of his people, consistiiig of tnen, wo
mnen, and children, and paid me nother
visit. I repeated to him ii their presence
the same -talk," and they seemed all
pleased with it. I thea made fhetn some
presents, after which they departed ouch
gratified, for they were all in a destitute
cotdition, as to tlothing and other neces
On the 17th inst., Lt! Colonel larney
of the 2d dragoons, who had previonily re.
ceived my directions to open a roimnt
cation with the Indians in the southern
portion of the penintita, near Key Dis
cayne, arrived -i ith Chitto Tustenutace,
pricipal chief of the Semiioles, who had
been recently elected by a coumcil leld
by the Seminoles and Micasukies. Chit.
to. Tustcnug-ee espressed a great desire
that the business on which he was call
cd, might be speedily attended to.
Accordingly, on the next day a meeting
was held, comlposc(l of Chitto riustientig
gee,attentled by 0-clhc-Il *adjn. a brot her of
U1luo-Snake, who canie with him to wit
%ess the proceedings at the reqtuest of the
Council of the nation al llarlock-l idljo,
Chief of the Mickantikies in this section of
the country, rand all his hand that had not
been despatched by butt to call in the n r
riors who were ont in detacehed( parties.
After going through the usual ceremaOtines
among the Indians of shakin;: hands and
smoking, I explained to the me~etin:- who
I was and the object of my armissin aintotig
them, at which they imicdihately evmtteed
great satisfaction. [tb~en dictated to them
the terms of peace, which they readily ac
cepted, tmanifestin~g great joy on the occa
sion, and icy have since been dl:iine
and singiug according to) their faishion,. int
Laker) of friensishtip and peace it whihth
many of our otlicers joinecd them, all of the
respective parties being siatisfied. I be
enclosed general order, anntonemtg the
r esult of the conference, exhiibits thte terms
of peace. Under existing circumst mees,
I did not think it necessary to enter iwto a
formal written treaty, stuch an mnstrumenit
with Indians having but little hindhing ef
fect. Nor did I think it politic am this time1
to say any thing abotut their emigtrationt,
leaving that subject open to sneh future
arrangemeants as the Governmcnt may
think proper to make with them. Na re
striction upon the pleasture of the Governi
ment in this respect has beent imnposed,nor
has any encouragement been givetn to the
Indians that thtey wouldl he permtitted per
manently to remain in Florida.
There is every reason to believe that
wthen the Indians remainiing in Florida
shall learn the prosperous condition of
their brethren in A rkansas, they wvill at no
dist ant period, ask to be permitted to join
I have the honor ?oo bo, sitr,
Your obedient servant.
3Maj. Gen. Commanding in Chief:.
lion. J. It. PotNtSETT,
Secretary of War, Washington City.
SavaNNAH, June 3.
More Indian Butcher.!.-We regret to
E nd that the savages bave not butried the
hatchet in Florida, but are still at their
On yesterday we were favored with the
perusal of a letter, from a young lady in
-Florida to her uncle in this city, which is
dlated the 29th ult., anad camne by the lo
rida, from Gatrey's Ferry. The letter
states that on the evetung previous, abiout
suuiset, a body of 1mline surrounded the
dwelling of a M r. James Osteen, at Aliga
t4)r, and shot him near his stable. He
wvas instantly killed. Atn uncle of the
writer's Mr. Semeoni Dell, who was in the
stable, made htis escape to the house. A
sister of Mr. Osteetn's was shot through
the left side and arm, but Mrs. 0. and her
children fled to the nearest neighbior's
Mr. Dell was now left in the house by
himself, aind seeing the lndiaus approach
.. ho picke un a stiek. )as he had no
gun) and pulled open the door-lhe lndans
then tied. On searching the house. how
e% er. he found a gun, when he returned to
the door and fired at the savages, who had
come ilup. They also fired and hit him in
the left side above the breast. The shot en
tered the left shoulder blstale, and was taken
out on ihe 39th. Mr. Dell was doing well.
One of tie indians had a white feather in
his head, and it was thought by the' settler,
th1at they were a party which they had a
fight with sone time before, at a place
culled the Natural Bridge.
After the Indians left Mr. Osteen's, they
proceedtd to the plantation of Mr. Asa
Iolerts, patt a quarter of* a mile from
Mr, O's.,- but that family iearitig tie re
port of ganus, had left lar Mr. Zachaariah
Robert,s place, where the Indians followed
and deq. royed all tlhe poor people had,even
taking their only horse.
It was thought that Mr.Dell had woun
led one of the savages, by their taking
It is truly melancholy to record these
atrocities, and that atoo, after we had been
led to expect :hat the war was indeed over.
We fear no treaty call hind these wretches
-and that exterminmion alone will stay
their slaughtering-mercilesss arms.
From the Charleston Mercury.
Ertract of a kiter received in this city
SUNITERVILLF, June 3, 1839.
"Our farmers, in portions of' our district.
are in a woful predicament, in consequence
of' the severest Hail Storm that was ever
known to have occurred in this portion of
the country. On Friday evening last,
e bout hall' past 5, a cloud from the North
West, accompanied with the most singular
roaring, approached, evidencing the ghost
determined fulry in its course,suldenly.and
int a moiment it was upon us, and poured
dowi its fury with a crash as impetutious
as it was liosible. Ilail varying the size
of a hickory nut, anl plenteous as a sum
mer .hower, fell for tabout 5 or 8 minmes;
aecompanied wvith ilie most powerl'ol blow
I ever witnaessed. Dfirectly after thesrorm,
I went into the street, amtl to my ltter as
iOniahment a large number of our Pride
of idia were prostrate, with many other
airees ina the various lots.
"To give you an idea of tihe devastatin
itn t he' wood, I rode out ibis morning, and
in the space of an acre, I couited between
30 and 40 pine trees prostrate. Many
of the cottion crops were ruined, and the
corn severely injured. A larte field of
promisiaa cutlin, last week near the vil
lage, this norning was cross plotghing
thr the purpose f planting Corn. The
torm na about five miles " e. and ran
hraigh the diariet in a S West coirse.
About half past 9 the same evenine, for
two or three minuates,atot her storn passed
over wiait hail, thougaah perhaps withi only
hallfthe la ry of the frimer; all this morn
inag another passed over lis, accompanlied
wat h a llow aid large pieces of hail, last
ing. however,only for a few tamoments.
O6ur roads are in a bad predicament.
crossed every ive hundred vards with
large pintes, :t1t1d rendering it t'eressasy tao
11t abotlt in every hv-way to get alotn.
A large number )frlirds were killed by tie
Extract of a letter received at this citq
dated CAIuw yN, Jmme 1.
"A severe hail storm yesterday afier.
noon, has donae sriouis injury to several
plantations Oi the river. The extent of'
aamnge not yet acertaitned."
South W1estern R1ail Roid Banhk.-The
lst Knoxv'illIe imtes, says:-1 a will he'
eeni by outr Hankc nole 'iale, that thea
otels of' the Souath Caroalina B--oaks at'e
ipr-ovinig, aindl that lie SouthI Wesa ernI
Rail Raa:ad ianak has taker. a stanud by the
sie of the ohl'si ;al biest estabalished itn
stit utionlis itt t he St ate. S honlal the price
if cot ton aidvtace, ar conitine steadyv at
whlat it is tnow, there will be a still further
maprov'emfent, and wve wonhll niot ho sura
rriseda if rte rate atf exchaniae shldia tun in
av'or of C harlesti: a heo peopale of Soth
G.alina h laving~ hebal onr tot their cot toin in
speictationi af an adantemnentr in priee.'
l'hae noaes oft he brranchl pnaale at this
alic, ar'e equially good with those pay~able
at Clhastn they bein:: laketn on dlepois
e in any of theit B;anks in South-Carolinia
ana Genrgia. A* merchant lately returined
'roam Philadelphlia, inf'ormaed uts, lhe passad
dl' the notes oft the Saouth WVestern Rail
Road Baink, payabale at the branach in
his place. nat piar. Thtronaah this jistitn.
iona, wve w'ill shotrly hav'e a etnrrencry in
ast Tennestusee, ('gntal toa thati of any of
he Sotuthern states. This will be no
mall chatnge oaf ahdhirs itt this end of the
GanEEyvmLLE. June 7,
The Wheat crop itn this Distr'ict con
itues to look tmore promtisitng than we
jave known it for amity years, anal there
was a much larger quantity sawna than
isual. Ini the middle and lowaer Distr'icts
if this State the harvest has generally
teen completed; and many fieldse in th~e
upper counitry are so nearly ripe thtat
they are consitderedl out of daniger of
being injured by rust. So far as we have
beard, fronm North, south, East atid West,
the prospects for a bountiful cr'opsof this in
valuable grain were nei'er more flattering.
LARGE Goeooymxa-The New York
Star states that the Messrs. Prince, at
'lushing, have in iteir coconnery, a tril
lion atnd a qutarter of Silk Worme, tnow
fedintg. Tihe nutmber is sufficient to pro
dice atbove' 500 bushtels of cocoonis, andl
900 lbs. of silkc. They' have also a large
gnantity of silk wvormns' eggs itt their ice
house, wvhose hatchitng is tus retarded for
alae purpose of producing sneccessive crops.
FaEE BANKING.-TIhe Federal Union
of lost fTuesd;av, stares that "ain associa
tioti has beena formedca on a capital of $200.
000, to be inrteased to a larger amouint,
at lluckersville, in Elbert couinty, uander
the law passed at the last sessioni of the le
gislature, 'to authorize the bausiness. of
The last Georgia .aturnal contains a
prolamation frotm ov. Gil mer, ofrering
a rewvarda of two hundred dollars. foar the
arrest of'John Gray, fair a murdler comn
nitted in Caaltumbia County, ont thea bodtay
nfaTu,,e Donaty on ulhn 19th of Mnr last.
Compliment to Ucn. Scott-In the pre
face to the Lecture on War,by Dr.Chan
ning, which has just been published by
Dolton and Wentworth of Boston, is the
following well deserved compliment to
Gen. Scott, the Pacficator, whose conduct
on a recent occasion, has given him addi
tional claims to the gratitude anJ respect
.f his countrymieu, and of every frieud of
humanity. Dr. Chauning says
*-To this drtinguished man belongs the
rare honor of unitine the military energy &
daring. with the spirit oI a philanthropist.
His exploits in the field which placed hinm
in the first rank of' our soldiers, have been
obsuered by the purer and more lasting
glory of a Pacificator, and of a Friend to
Mankind. In the whole history of the in
tercourse or civilized with barbarous or
half civilzed communities, we doubt whe
ther a brighter page, can he found, than
that which records his agency in the re
ioval of the Cherokees. As far as the
wrongs done to this race can he atoned
for, Gen. Scott has made the expiation.
In his recent mission to the disturbed hor
ders of our country, he has succeeded, Uot
so mtuch by policy as by the nobleness anl
generosity of his character, by moral ir.
fluences, by the earnest conviction with
which he has enforced on all, with whom
he has had to do, the obligation of patriot
ism, justice, humanity and religion. It
would not be easy to find aiong us, a man,
who has won a purer fame; and I an
happy to offer this tribute, because I
would do something, no matter how little,
to hasten the time when, the spirit of
Christian humanity shall he accounted an
essential attribute, and the brightest orna
ment in a public man."
Our Squadron in the Gulf of Mexico.
-The Norlblk Beacon states that there
will shortly be a very formidable squadron
of our vessels of war in the Gulofr Mexi
co,-greater in number anti calibre of
squai-e rigged vessels. than perhtaps, has
ever beetn under the command of a single
otlicer. or assembled at a single foreign
port in peace. it the first place, the fri
gate Constitution will shortly be at Vera
Cruz. The squadron of Commodore
Shubrick consists of the flag ship, theMace
donian frigate, the Ontario. Vandalia, Le
vamt, Erie, Warren, and Natchez, sloops
of war. When the Constitution joins the
squadron, we will be able to frighten the
.Ml exicans as badly as the French did.
There must be some design in keeping
such a heavy naval force in the Gulf' of
From the Correspondcnce of the Constitutionalist.
Ni:w YocK,J U: 1, 3 P. M.
The tews of short crops, carried ont by
the great Western and the packets which
preceded her, had no favorable effect on
the cottom market, as the rettrns of colt
sumption show a falling offiti France from
183, of 40 per cent. and in England of2L0
per cent. Tne Manchtester trade is over,
though at the very last dates there were
symptoms of a turn for the better.
fThe news has produced a great setn
tioi here. Stocks have flallet cortsiderm
bly. atnl in e'ottotn there is nothing doing.
Our cotton market has been in a very
languid state during the week. Tle
sales amtount to 2000 hales. Ilolder,
however, have remained very firm, att.1
refised offers Ac. under the rates of last
week. What they will say upon the
news we now have, is not of' course yet
known. Flour is yet dull atid the stock
large; prices the same ats quoted in Iy let
ter yesterday. Corn has sold to-day at
93 ;t 96 cent-!, 56 lbs. Bills are !J a 9
prem.ium on Eigld; ad on France, in
conusequtence of scarcity, 5f.* 12.3 a .5f 15.
Extract of a Ilter received in this city9
"Liinpool, May 16.
Since we had lie plea.su re of adtdressing
yttu, the cotton tmarket has been in a
dro'pingc state; the sales not averaiing
mtore than 850)0 hales per week. The
decline from the highest point is 14d per
pountdi. Ourt stock of Amaerican, comnpar
ed with fast y'ear, shows an increase of
:j0,000, w hilst our itmplort has been 220.000
--That there has bteeni a great fallitng off
in the consuminption, there can be nit donubt,
atid wve fear it is equally trtne, that sucht
is thte state oftfrade, the mnanufactturers are
nott getting a remtueratitg price even at
the piresent reducetd rates of the raw ma
terial. Still as they at nit period probabtly
feld less Cottonl, anty imoprs emnent that
amay show itself~ with thetm, must l'e im-.
ttediaitely tratnsferred to uis, atnd wve are
disposed to thiink that rte time is tnt far
thatantt. when we shall have mitre doings
lint whether ott termus satisfactory to tose
wiho have speculatted Onth ela'creet of a
short eltop is extretmely dotnhtful, owitng to
the redttced cotnsumilptittn tf so cionsideraltle
i porttiont of the year al readly expired.
The satles of the week are otnly 7,960 bales.
Crops in Mississippi.-The Vickshttrg
Whlig of the 22d, states that the accoumnts
from all parts oft he State, are most cheer
ing. The cottont lootks well, and if the
sMather continues favorable, M1ississippi
will raise a btetter crotp than site has pro.
duced for years. The corna is likewise
said to he ini a floturishing condition.
Neto Corn.-We wvere yesterday presen
ed with a fite roastine ear of corni by Dr.
F. M. Robertson, of this city, in whose
garden it crew. It is the first we~ have
seen. and the first we think, that has been
plneketd, which lidnitnttined stuffcient
maturity for use.-Chron. E- Sea.
NEW POST OFFi cFs.-Have been es
tabished. a t May Riser, Bennifort District,
Bttrwell Wiegitts. Esq. P. M-; at Cedar
Creek, Richland District, Timnothy Cen
ter. Esq, P. M.: atti at1 Brewerton, Laurenis
Distriet, A aron G. Brewer, Esq. P. MI.
Our Village.-Ontr Academies are in a
prosperous state, and alottnh we have
tno tetmperanee society, there is tnot a re'
tail shop for tile sale of ardent spirits with
in five miles ofthe place.-Pendleton Mfea
The Vickshoirg Sentinel says that there
are in isisip!pi ahout 1,000 ment etiploy
ed in mixinig liquors, nnid 750 onagetd in
the production.of paper money; yet the
whole male populat ion over the age of 21,
amounts to only about 35,000.
4Eiijt wou crt.aler.
THURSDAY,JUNE 13, Id39.
TO C' IRRESPONDENTS.
Articles intended for insertion. should
be handed in at as early a day, before pub
licution as possible. 4 neglect of this,
causes us much trouble.
Hail Stor.-A storm or hail was ex
perienced in this neighborhood. on the
naight of the 3d insA. The crops of some
of the planters were much injured. We
are infoirmed that the ont crop of one plan
ter, was nearly entirely destroyed, and his
cotton. and corn considerably damaged.
The hail-stones were of large size. The
weather was quite cool for several days
We have received the " Proceedings of
the fourth Conventiou of Merchants and
others, held in Charleston, S. C. April 15,
1839, for the promotion of the Direct
The Bank of Hamburg, S. C. is check
ing at sight on Charleston and New York.
Something Singular.-There now lives
in two miles of this place, a lady verging
on her 70th year, who for thirty years and
upwards. has not visited this fatuous town.
This lady is in good health, and spirits, and
has all the conforts of life about her.
Within ten miles of this Village, there is
another old lady who has lived in her pre
sent neighborhood, for halfa century, and
never saw Edgefield Court H.nse, in her
life. She also is in good health, and could
easily visii the place, if she wished to do
so. Such a want of curiosity, is perhaps
unparalleled. These fe iales certainly do
not inherit that restless spirit of curiosity,
which is believed by some to be character.
istic of the sex, from grandmother Eve.
rhe wolod-man has felled the forest around
them, and towns and hamletshave sprung
up thickly in their vicinity, but they "pass
them by as the idle wind," and regard
them not. Like a personage celebrated
in classic story, they are content to dwell
on their own ground.
"Along the cool sequestered vale of life,
They keep the noiseless tenor of their way."
Judge Doughery has accepted the nom
intion tendered him, by the State Rights
party of Georgia, as candidate for Gov
ernor, at the ele-tion i October next.
The Commerce of Charleston.-A wri
ter in the Courier of the 6th instant, says
"six ships, loaded w'ith valuable cargoes,
the produce of our State, were towed to
sea by six steam boats, all at the same
tine. A clear proof that Charleston, in
her commercial progress, will be the great
City of the South.'
J. S. Skinner, Esqj. has retired from the
Banltiimore -Post Office, Hie held the ap
pointment for twcnty years, and discharg
ed its dtuties with great faithfulness, lHe
has resumed the charge of the American
The Batnk of Enigland on the 16th of
Maiy. passed a resoltutioni, that the rate of
interest fro~m th.:t damy, shaould be 5 pr. ct.
Johnt Van Bluren, Esq. (that scion of
royalty, as some call him.) the son of the
President of the U. States, camne a passen
ger in the Great Western.
Connecticut.-Thiadde-us Betts, .Whig,
is elected United States Senator fromi thuis
State, hior six years, from the 4th March
last, in the place of Dennis Kimberly re
Thomaq Haynes Bailey. a celebrated
lyrical Poet, dhiedl at Chelienham, Eng
hatnd, on the 29th of A pril last.
Florida Election--The Tallahassee
Star, of the 29th nut. says, Mr. Dow~ning
is re-elected to Congress. His opponent
was .Mr. Thomas Balizell. The new
Constitution has not been ratified by the
The New York Courier andI Enquirer
announces the death of William Leggett,
Esq. recenitly appointed Minister to the
liepublic of Central America.
Virginia Elections.-T he retuns re
ceived at Rtichmond are not compllete, but
the Wrhig, of the 4th inst., says it feelsjus
tified in giving the following, as the result
of the congressional -election throughout the
Administration-1 2. The members e
lected, whose namres have not b~eeii pub
lished, are Andrew Beirne, Jos. Johnson,
and Green B. Samnuels.
Conservatives-2. James Garland, Geo.
In this result, the administration has
gained H.'lleman, and the Whigs have
gainedl Hill and Gloggin, ihrton, (Whir,)
contests thme seat of Lucas.
The samne Journal, of the 5th inst.,
yieldinc Giles and Mercer 1, and Logan 1,
(not yet heard frmt,) to the administration,
gives the following as the final result of
the legislative election-on joint ballot
Whigs 79. Conservatives 12. .A dminis
tration 75.-Total 166. Whig and Con
The South Carolinian in publishing
some on dits by our Columbia Correspon
dent, makes the followint comment:
"And these are not yet all the changes'
talked of, in connection with the Bench;
nor all the 'runm -j' mingled with them
muany of which hint at desperate attempts
to revolutionize the political principles of
the State and people, and to bribe the Bar
into an indirect aid of them, through their
hopes of the vacant offices. Our faith in
the people of this State, places us beyond
the fear of such a result; but it may not
be amiss to place them on their guard, and
warn them to mark well the conduct of
those members of the Bar, who take an in
terest in such changes, or at lkast the most
significant of them.
-Our object, however, now, in calling
attention to this matter, is to correct tn
extraordinary error, in the statement that
Judge Johnson .will probably be elected.'
We entertain great personal respect for
Judge Johnson, who is undoubtedly a very
amiable and estimable gentleman; but, in
politics, he stands utterly opposed to the
great principles and policy of the State
and people-as much so, probably, as any
man within their limits. A decided and ac
tive opponent of the Constitutional Treas
ury system-an open advocate of a U. S.
Batk, and also, we presume, of Mr.Clay.
-it is notstrrus to suppose that the peo
pie of South Carolina, with these things
before their eyes, will so far forget them
selves, and what is due to their principles,
character, and State, and reputation a
broad, as to elevate this gentleman, how
ever respected by them perooally, to the
first office in the State. To suppose it, is
*a reflection on the consistency, firmness,
and virtue of our gallant people, (so long
and well tried,) which can only be account
ed for in the quarter where it appears, by
a supp.sition of haste on the part of the
writer, and the absence of due considera
Our Corretpondent writing under date
of the 8th inst., furnishes the subjoined ex
planation, with additional on dits, and in
"COLUMBIA, June 8, 1839.
"The On Dis which I gave you not
long since, seem to have produced some
sensation. I am sure that I attached at
the time, not the least importance to them.
They were given as mere rumors, and like
every other rumor should pass for nothing.
The remark that 'Chancellor Johnson will
probably he elected Governor,' was made
without any purpose. Thero is no settled
design, that I know of, in any party, or
set of men, to push him forward. Dis
tiigiuished as he is for his public services.
and private virtues,lhave heard geutlemen.
without distinction of party, speak of him
as a fit stucessor of our preseit worthy
Chief Magistrate. The agitation of the
question, however, is premature, and I
have done with it.
At the last meeting of the Board of
Trustees of the College, two of the Pro
fessors gave notice of resignnion on the
1st of next January; Professors Thornwel
and Stuart. The College is in a most
prosperous condition, and I trust it will
not be seriously affected by their retire
ment. The Departments (if which they
have charge are well filled, and more par
ticularly that of Mr. Thornwell. who, in
addition to being a nati ve of the Stae, atd
a gradtuate of thte College, is, according to
the testimony of every one, a veryj cxlrTor
Before I elose, stiffer tme to give yout
sonmc mor-e of the* on difs. Thte present
Representative of thtis Conres-iontal De
triet has beetn put itn nomination for thte
Presidency of the State Bank, and of
course his constituents are looking out for
a succ'essor. I have hoard the nattes of
Colonel David Jamison, of Orangeburg,
Sampson H.Bnttler,Esq. of Barnwell,Col.
Caughmnan, of Lexitngtoni.and Capt. J. D.
Allen, of Richlantd, nmentiotned. Whether
all.or any of these gentlemen wvould serve,
I knowv not It is but an on dat.
John Quincy A dams.-Mr. Adams has
publishted a secotnd letter, on the subjeti of
abolition memorials and petitions. In the
extracts which we have seen, he treats the
abolitionists atnd abolition societies with
respect, but disclaimns all itnterference on
his ownt part with the instittution of slave
ry, ais it ntow exists in the Southern States.
Hie says, " I desire not to interfere with
the institutions of slavery, wvhere they are
established.-& would not abolish slavery.
without a dne regard to indemnify the
slaveholder for htis loss; and to avoid the
necessity for that, would begin the ptrocesu
with a generation yet unborn. I adhere
faithfully to the stipulations of the Consti
tution of the United States, which I have
pledged my faith before God to support;
and I can lend my hand to no project for
the abolition of slavery in. these United
States, without the consent of their tmas
Affairs in .England.-The Great W est
ern brought English papers of the 17th &
18tht nit. In the British Parliatment, the
" Jamaica Government Bill" has been vir
tually defeated. Thte vote, ott taking the
question in the House of Commonis, was
for thme bill, 294, against it 289; a major
ity so small, says a Lotndon paper, as to
etsutre its defeat itn the House of Lords,
if the Tories think proper to oppose it
there. Thurs has the attempt of the Mitt
istry, to esta blish negro supremacy, in the
colony of Jami~ica, been put down for the
present. Ina cotsequtence of this defeat,
the Mitnistry, which was of Whig politics,
all resignied on the 7th nit. In the House
of Cotmmons, Lord John Russel delivered
a sneech on the subIject. Much excite
ment afterwards prevailed throughout the
country. Sir Robert Peel received the
commands of the Queen to form a new
ministry-but after a few days trial, lie
found there was no chatce to form one
tnat would commaud the confidence of the
people. At the outset, a difference took
place with the Queen. It resulted in the
Queen sending for Lord 31elbourne, who
with his coadjutors were reinstated. The
louse adjourned to the 27th May.
The Great Western.-The Great West
ern, steam packet, arrived at New York,
on the 31st ult. The New York Com
mercial Advertiser says,that she made the
run from Bristol in thirteen days and eight
hours. having made the shortest western
trip across the Atlantic, that we have on
LONG SPEECHES AND ESSAYS.
"He that hath knowledge, spareth his words."
Pros. ch. xvii. r. 27.
So saith the wise man, Judged by this
rule, how few men of knowledge will be
found! We lately saw a part of a speech,
by Mr. Hilliard, of the Alabama Legisla
ture, which filled upwards of seven col
umns of the Alabama State Iutelligeneer.
The Intelligencer is quite a large sheet.
The speech was in reply to a very long
one by Judge Smith, (which we did not
read.) on that most fruitful of all subjects,
-a National Batik. What a task it is to
read the speeches of some politicians!
We would as soon undertake to wade
through the interminable novels of Rich.
ardson, the ponderous romances of chival
ry, such as the Grand Cyrus, or the Cle.
lia and Cleopatra of Madame Scuderi.
'Tis very certain, that these old stories
would be vastly more amusing and per
haps as profitahle. Long speeches have
now become almost.universal in our coun
try. Many of our politicians think that
they must he heard for their long speeches,
and many of our editors think that they
niust be read, for their dull. interminable,
prosy articles. Never was there a greater
mnistake. Essays and speeches of this
character, are written in what Professor
Lieber humorously calls " the State paper
style." The same learned writer, in hisPo
litical Ethics, says, " Those who have a
right to speak, lawyers, legislators, minis
ters, speak too much. Luther found it ne
cessary to enumerate among the e nine
qualities and virtues of a-good preacher,'
as the sixth, that he ought to know when
to stop." It has been truly said, that
" brevity is the soul of wit." Condensa
tion is the perfection of good writing and
spe aking. Dr. Franklin, the Prince .of
American philosophers, anabihaps o' all
modern philosophers, was remarkable for
his conciseness, his clearness, his vigorous
thought, and at the same time the simple
heauty of his style. He never spoke when
he had ncthing say. He never indulged
in long periods and common-place politi
cal reflections, like many modern orators
and writers. With him, "sound was but
the echo to the sense." Every word told.
He wrote for posterity,.not for the hour.
His short but beautiful essays will be the
delight of the student, when the voltImin
ous documents of modern politmcians, will
be consigned to the tomb of-tho Capulets.
Cumn referre negas, qual sit guisque pa rente
Natus, dum ingeus: persuades hmoc tibi wre,
Muios sepe siros mndlis majoribus vrtos
Et izisse probosaamplis ef honouibus auctos.
You say :) matters nt. who a man's father
mybe, if he himself be honest. You are sat
isfied of this truth, that many persons of integ
rity. descended from ignoble fathers, have lived
in the enjoyment of the highest honors.
In the reign of Augustus Cesar, the
proud nobilimy reproached the satirist Ho
race, becau'e he was the son of a father,
who was a freed man They thought that
they would greatly mortify hint, and de
grade him in the eyes of the Roman peo
ple. To his honor, be it said, the poet
never attempterd to conceal the lowliness
of his origin. On the contrary, he pro
claimed it to the world. He thought it a
sufficient distinction to be the favorite of
the wise Mecmnas, the beloved counsellor
of Augustus. What cared he for a long
line of noble ancestrors, if he had merit
enough to recommend liim to the notice of
Augustus, the master of the world ? He
was hut novus home, the maker of his own
fortunes, and in that, he gloried. Well
did he lash the degraded sons of Patd'cian
familiA who brought disgrace upon their
ancestors by their numerous vices! .In our
day, and in our country, where all are
equal, there are to be found aristocrats
who endeavor to pour contempt upon men
of merit who have rise'n from an humnblo
origin to posts of high dlistinction. An ed
itor, some time since, spoke contemptu
ously of a United States Senator, because
it seems he came from the lowly walks of
society. The Senator wvas the Hotn. John
M. Niles of Contnecticut, who, it is said,
was origimntlly a tin-pedler. He is a Van
Buren tman. and was defeated at the last.
election in his State. He said, in a speech
in Congress, that as he was an advocato
of the sub-Treasury, he " wvould make a 0
fit representative of South Carolina."
l'or this remark the editor of the Rich
mond Whig took him to task. He ridicu
led him on account of his former trade
tin-pedling. This editor met with a pro
per rebuke from the Sauth C&rolinian, for